Ngkoth language

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Native to Australia
Region Cape York Peninsula, Queensland
Extinct (date missing)
  • Tootj (Kauwala)
  • Ngaawangati (Ungauwangati)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog ngko1236[1]
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Ngkoth (Nggɔt, Nggoth, Ŋkot) is an extinct Paman language formerly spoken on the Cape York Peninsula of Queensland, Australia, by the Ngkoth people. It is unknown when it became extinct.[3]



Ngkoth has seven vowels:[4]

Front Back
Unrounded Rounded Rounded
Close i u
Close-mid e ø o
Near-open æ
Open a


Ngkoth has 17 consonants found in native words, and three consonants found only in loanwords:

Peripheral Laminal Apical Glottal
Bilabial Velar Palatal Dental Alveolar Retroflex
Plosive p k c t (ʔ)
Fricatives (β) ɣ (ð)
Nasals m ŋ ɲ n
Post-trilled t͡r
Vibrant r
Approximants w j l ɻ

/t͡r/ is a trilled affricate.

/β, ð, ʔ/ are only found in loanwords.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ngkot". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Ngkoth at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  3. ^ Ernst Kausen (2005). "Australische Sprachen".
  4. ^ Hale, Kenneth L. (1976). "Phonological developments in particular Northern Paman languages". Languages of Cape York. pp. 7–40.