Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards score more goals on behalf of their team than other players. Modern team formations include one to three forwards. Unconventional formations may include none; the traditional role of a centre-forward is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. The player may be used to win long balls or receive passes and retain possession of the ball with their back to goal as teammates advance, in order to provide depth for their team or help teammates score by providing a pass. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the second strikers or central attacking midfielders, do the majority of the ball handling outside the box; the present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder in the 4–3–1–2 or 4–1–2–1–2 formations.
The term "target man" is used to describe a particular type of striker whose main role is to win high balls in the air and create chances for other members of the team. These players are tall and physically strong, being adept at heading the ball; the term centre-forward is taken from the early football playing formation in which there were five forward players: two outside forwards, two inside forwards, one centre-forward. When numbers were introduced in the 1933 English FA Cup final, one of the two centre-forwards that day wore the number nine – Everton's Dixie Dean a strong, powerful forward who had set the record for the most goals scored in a season in English football during the 1927–28 season; the number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. The role of a striker is rather different from that of a traditional centre-forward, although the terms centre-forward and striker are used interchangeably at times, as both play further up the field than other players, while tall and technical players, like Zlatan Ibrahimović, have qualities which are suited to both positions.
Like the centre-forward, the traditional role of a striker is to score goals. They are fast players with good ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short bursts of speed. A good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, have the ability to link-up with teammates and pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. While many strikers wear the number 9 shirt, the position, to a lesser degree, is associated with the number 10, worn by more creative deep-lying forwards such as Pelé, with numbers 7 and 11, which are associated with wingers. Deep-lying forwards have a long history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years; such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards. More two more variations of this old type of player have developed: the second, or shadow, or support, or auxiliary striker and, in what is in fact a distinct position unto its own, the number 10, exemplified by Dennis Bergkamp.
Other number 10s who play further back, such as Diego Maradona and Zinedine Zidane, are described as an attacking midfielder or the playmaker. The second striker position is a loosely defined and most misapplied description of a player positioned somewhere between the out-and-out striker, whether he is a "target-man" or more of a "poacher", the Number 10 or attacking midfielder, while showing some of the characteristics of both. In fact, a term coined by French advanced playmaker Michel Platini, the "nine-and-a-half", which he used to describe Roberto Baggio's playing role, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. Conceivably, a Number 10 can alternate as a second-striker provided that he is a prolific goalscorer. Second or support strikers do not tend to get as involved in the orchestration of attacks as the Number 10, nor do they bring as many other players into play, since they do not share the burden of responsibility, functioning predominantly as assist providers.
In Italy, this role is known as a "rifinitore" or "seconda punta", whereas in Brazil, it is known as "segundo atacante" or "ponta-de-lança". The position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries; the inside forwards would support the centre-forward and making space in the opposition defence, and, as the passing game developed, supporting him or her with passes. The role is broadly analogous to the "hole" or second striker position in the modern game, although here there were two such players, known as inside right and inside left. In early 2–3–5 formations the inside-forwards would flank the centre-forward on both sides. With the advent of
Shah Alam Stadium
The Shah Alam Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium located in Shah Alam, Malaysia. It is used for football matches but has facilities for athletics; the stadium is the home of Selangor FA and PKNS F. C. and has a capacity of 80,372. This stadium is inspired by Poljud. Construction began on 1 January 1990, the stadium was opened on 16 July 1994, when Dundee United played a Selangor FA selection in the first game of an invitational tournament, drawing 1–1; the first goal at the stadium was scored by Billy McKinlay. Other teams in the tournament were Bayern Munich, Leeds United, the Australian Olympic team "Olyroos", Flamengo; the stadium is situated in the eastern part of Shah Alam. The Shah Alam Stadium, which consists of huge six level semi-enclosed spaces, is the largest stadium in Selangor State, it was the biggest stadium in Malaysia before the completion of the National Stadium in Bukit Jalil. The frame structure is the longest free-standing arc in the world. Constructed with the latest technology, it is now a popular venue for world class sport events.
The stadium was designed by Hijjaz Kasturi. The stadium has around 5,500 car bays in parking lots surrounding the stadium; the stadium has become the major landmark in Shah Alam due to its scale and magnificent architecture. Other than sporting facilities, the stadium has a go-kart racing circuit. Once, Universiti Teknologi MARA's Faculty of Performing Arts occupied a portion of the stadium as its faculty building prior to the completion of the Puncak Perdana Satellite Campus of the University. In 2011, RM 3.4 million was spent to renovate the stadium to upgrade the lighting system, roof repairs, new grass for the pitch as well as to replace vandalised seats, improving the sound system, upgrading the dressing rooms, repainting some parts of the stadium, repairing the washrooms as well as other facilities. In 2014, RM 2.4mil was spend for the second phase of upgrading works, which includes replacing more than 500 roof tiles, replacing grass on the damaged parts of the field with the seashore paspalum variety, upgrading the changing rooms and the toilet there, repairing the public address system and two generator sets.
The cost will be borne by the Selangor government. The Shah Alam Stadium again is under renovation in 2016 and completed and operational in the Malaysia Super League match between Selangor and Kedah on April 5; the process of replacing the field with ‘cow grass’ including replacing the soil below the grass, which costs about RM200,000, will be completed on March 19. Lighting system are upgraded from 1,200 lux to 2,000 lux; the home of the Red Giants was temporarily closed since last December 2015. Shah Alam Stadium is the home stadium for Selangor FA and PKNS FC who play in Malaysia's top division – the Super League; the field size for the stadium was according to FIFA rules, 105 x 68. In the carpark outside the stadium, City Karting Enterprise operates a kart track with all equipment available for hire; the enterprise is run by former Asian Formula 2000 Champion driver Ng Wai Leong. Shah Alam Stadium was featured in a challenge in the first leg of The Amazing Race Asia 1 where teams had to ride go-karts around the circuit.
On 29 July 2008, an exhibition match was played between Chelsea. The match ended in a 2–0 win for the English side, courtesy of goals from Nicolas Anelka and Ashley Cole. Fellow Premier League club Arsenal took on a Malaysia XI team on 13 July 2011, as part of the club's Asia Tour; the semi-final match between Malaysia and Vietnam was held here on the 1st leg tie. The score ended 1–2 to away team. Safiq Rahim scores a brace from a penalty spot; the 2011-2013 and 2015-2018 editions of the Malaysia Cup was held at Shah Alam Stadium. In the 2015 Malaysia Cup, it was considered as a home advantage for Shah Alam Stadium tenants, Selangor FA; the match was considered as a déjà vu of the 2015 Malaysia Cup. Again in 2018 Malaysia Cup final between Perak vs Terengganu has been held in this stadium; this game was a dramatic final inducing two red card for both teams and two last minute goals for Perak. Draw 3-3 after extra time and won by penalty shootout 4-1 for Perak TBG; the match was becomes'The Most Dramatic Match of Malaysia Cup Final in History'.
Sport in Malaysia World Football Stadiums page City Karting
Chinese Taipei national football team
The Chinese Taipei national football team is the official name given by FIFA to the national association football team of Republic of China. It is managed by the Chinese Taipei Football Association, the controlling body for football in Taiwan, it is a member of the Asian Football Confederation's East Asian Football Federation. Despite never qualifying for the FIFA World Cup, Taiwan reached the semi-finals of the 1960 and 1968 AFC Asian Cups, finishing third in the former; the side won gold in the football sector at the 1954 and 1958 Asian Games although the players in the team originated from British Hong Kong. The Chinese Taipei Football Association was founded in the Mainland China as the China Football Association in 1924 and relocated to Taiwan in 1949 at the end of the Chinese Civil War. Affiliated with FIFA in 1932 as China, it rejoined FIFA in 1954, first under the name Taiwan Republic of China, Chinese Taipei; the team's greatest success came when they finished third in the Asian Cup in 1960, playing as Taiwan.
However, the players in the team also came from Hong Kong as the reputation of the Hong Kong national football team was not as good. Due to the political conflict with People's Republic of China, Taiwan played in the OFC World Cup qualifying tournaments from 1975 to 1989; the side reached their highest FIFA World Ranking of 121 in July 2018 under the guidance of renowned English coach Gary White. White led a successful period for the team, including winning 7 FIFA international games in a row. Charged with taking Taiwan to their first AFC Asian Cup since 1968, White took over the team half way through the qualification campaign and missed qualifying the team by one point. White's process included scouting Taiwanese talent from abroad to improve the standard of football on the island, tapping Tim Chow and Will Donkin for the national team. In December 2017, the country hosted the CTFA International Tournament, designed to test the country in preparation for stronger teams in the future, bringing Taiwan’s first international trophy in 55 years.
White was head-hunted by the Hong Kong national team and departed Taiwan in September 2018. Many of the team's home matches were played in the Chungshan Soccer Stadium in Taipei, closed in 2008; the stadium's capacity was above 20,000 and is a football specific stadium. The qualification match for 2012 AFC Challenge Cup in February 2011 was played on Kaohsiung National Stadium, while the qualification match for 2014 FIFA World Cup in July 2011 was played on Taipei Municipal Stadium. Champions Runners-up Third place Fourth place For 1992 to 2016, see Chinese Taipei national under-23 football team 2003 – Did not qualify 2005 – Did not qualify 2008 – Did not qualify 2010 – Did not qualify 2013 – Did not qualify 2015 – Did not qualify 2017 – Did not qualify 2019 – Did not qualify 1951 – Did not enter 1954 – Champion 1958 – Champion 1962 – Did not enter 1966 – Preliminary round 1970 to 1998 – Did not enter due to weak football strength. In 2002, the age is limited under 23 years old. Here are Taiwan's football results and fixtures' record since 1949.
Football at the Asian Games has been an under-23 tournament since 2002. The following players were selected for the 2019 EAFF E-1 Football Championship Second Round in November 2018. Caps and goals updated as of 16 November 2018 after the match against North Korea; the following players have been called up for the team within the last twelve months. The official kit supplier is produced by ANGO since 2019, a local sports brand in Taiwan. Taiwan national futsal team Taiwan national under-23 football team Taiwan women's national football team List of Taiwanese footballers Chinese Taipei at 2006 FIFA World Cup official website Chinese Taipei Football Association official website Chinese Taipei national team squad at CTFA official website
V. League 1 or Vietnamese: Giải Bóng đá Vô Địch Quốc Gia Việt Nam called Nuti Cafe V. League 1, since 2019 it has been referred to as Wake Up 247 V. League 1 for sponsorship reasons, it is the top professional football league in Vietnam controlled by the Vietnam Professional Football Joint Stock Company. It is contested by 14 clubs; the team finishing at the top at the end of the season is crowned the champion and enters the AFC Champions League. The league was founded in 1980 as the All Vietnam Football Championship, with Tổng Cục Đường Sắt emerging as the first winner. Thể Công is the most successful club in the league's history; the league turned professional in the 2000 -- 2001 season. Vietnam Professional Football was established in 2012, the organising power was transferred from the Vietnam Football Federation to VPF; the V-League 1, as it is known today, dates back to 1980 when the first semi-professional league was launched. Seventeen clubs participated in the competition, split into three groups and conducted more like a cup competition, with the winner from each group qualifying for the Championship Stage.
Công An Hà Nội, Tổng Cục Đường Sắt and Hải Quan were the three teams to qualify, with Tổng Cục Đường Sắt taking the title. That format, although the teams were split into two groups, continued until 1995 when the league reverted to a more traditional league format. League football in Vietnam would turn professional in the 2000–2001 season, which saw the league change its name to its current moniker, V-League 1. In that inaugural V-League 1 season there were only ten clubs, with tighter restrictions meaning fewer teams. Over the next decade the league grew from 10 teams to the current fourteen, with the team that finishes on top of the table qualifying for the AFC Champions League. Clubs were allowed to hire foreign players from this season on. Following a season marred by accusations of refereeing corruption and a cover-up by the V. League governing body Vietnam Football Federation, six clubs threatened to leave the league and form an new league for the 2012 season; the most out spoken club in the move was Hanoi ACB, who were going through relegation from the V.
League, with its chairman Nguyen Duc Kien announcing that ACB would spearhead the move. Due to the controversy, league sponsor EximBank expressed its intention to drop its title sponsorship of the league. League officials scrambled to resolve the issues, going as far as hiring foreign referees for the 2012 season. After a meeting on 29 September, representatives of the VFF and the 14 V. League 1 teams and 14 V. League 2 teams announced the formation of a new corporation, the VPF, Vietnam Professional Football Joint Stock Company to manage the V-League; the VFF would hold a 36% stake in the new corporation, the rest would be held by clubs. From the 2012 season, the organising power was transferred from the VFF to the VPF, the V. League 1 was changed to the Super League, although this name was short-lived and the league was renamed back to V. League 1 in the season; the first division was renamed the V. League 2. At the same time, many clubs found themselves in financial and sponsor issues, many clubs withdrew, bought another or failed to meet requirements for leagues.
As a result, the number of clubs in each league changed dramatically. The V. League 1 season ends in September. In each season, each club plays each of the other clubs twice, once at home and another away, for a total of 26 games. Teams are ranked by total points, head-to-head, goal difference and goals scored. Top team qualifies for AFC Champions League Prelim. Stage 2. For 2010 season, two bottom teams are relegated to the Vietnam First Division while third lowest placed team goes to play-off with the third highest placed team from the First Division. Starting in the 2013 season, the number of clubs participating in the V. League 1 would be decreased from fourteen to twelve after three clubs failed to register. In the same season, the bottom team will be relegated to the First Division while the top three teams from the First Division will be promoted into the V-League 1. Starting in the 2015 season, the league is competed by 14 teams. Since the 2000–2001 season, the V. League 1 has been branded with a principal sponsor's logo.
The following companies have acted as principal sponsors: 2000–02: Strata Sport Marketing 2003: PepsiCo 2004: Kinh Đô 2005: Tan Hiep Phat 2006: Eurowindow 2007–10: PetroVietnam Gas 2011–14: Eximbank 2015–17: Toyota 2018: Nutifood 2019: Masan After Xuân Thành Sài Gòn was docked points for what the VFF deemed the club unsportsman like conduct when the club fielded a noncompetitive squad for their Matchday 20 meeting with Sông Lam Nghệ An, club officials announced that the club would withdraw from the league. On 22 August 2013, the VFF approved Xuân Thành Sài Gòn's withdrawal request. Matches where the club was involved were vacated; the VFF is still debating if the last place club will still be relegated to V. League 2, though the league charter states that the club in 12th place would be the only club relegated in the 2013 campaign. Relegation was cancelled for the 2013 campaign after Xuân Thành Sài Gòn withdrew from the V. League 1 before the conclusion of the season. QNK Quảng Nam, Th
Bandar Seri Begawan
Bandar Seri Begawan is the capital city of the Sultanate of Brunei. It is governed as a municipality. Bandar Seri Begawan has an estimated population of 100,700, including the whole Brunei-Muara District, the metro area has an estimated population of 279,924; the original name for this city was "Bandar Brunei" or "Brunei Town" in English. In 1967, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III abdicated in favour of his eldest son, Hassanal Bolkiah and took the title of "Seri Begawan". Omar was made the defence minister and on 5 October 1970, the city was renamed to honour him; the word Begawan was used for Bruneian monarchs who have abdicated, the word coming from one of the Sanskrit words for God भगवान् bhagavān. Seri comes from the Sanskrit honorific and divine epithet श्री Sri and "Sri Bhagavan" is an honored title in South India. Bandar comes from Persian via Indian languages and meant "harbour" or "port" or "haven". In Malay, the word bandar means "town" or a "city". Human settlement in Brunei can be traced back to the 6th and 7th century with a Malay trading centre and fishing port near the current site of the city.
The first settlement on the banks of the Brunei River can be traced to the 8th century where there had been settlements similar to those in Kampong Ayer, near the present site of the Brunei Museum with the modern city on the opposite shore. During the Bruneian Empire period from 15th–17th century, the Sultanate ruled much part of Borneo including the southern part of the Philippines and its capital of Manila, with the water settlement near the city area became the third centre of the administration; when the Sultanate rule declined through the 18th century due to the arrival of Western powers such as the Spanish and the British, the settlement population decreased from its peak of 20,000 inhabitants. From 1888 until its independence in 1984, Brunei was a British protectorate and land development began in 1906 when the British resident encouraged the Sultanate citizens to move onto reclaimed land on the western bank of the inlet. In 1899, first oil well was drilled at Ayer Bekunchi near Bandar Seri Begawan.
Although the well was drilled to a depth of 259 metres, no oil was found. Oil exploration in Brunei shifted to Seria and Belait District in 1924. Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II established a new palace on the west bank in 1909 after being persuaded by the British, along with the arrival of Chinese traders to boost the economy. A mosque and government buildings were built along the western shores in 1920. In the same year, the new settlement was declared the new capital of Brunei and became a municipal area. However, the city's prosperity was ended when it was captured by the Japanese in 1941, before being recaptured by the Allied forces in 1945. During the war, most infrastructure was destroyed by Allied bombing; the British began reconstructing most of their possessions in Borneo at the end of 1945 with the restoration of law and order and the reopening of schools. In 1950, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III, upon his ascension to the throne, negotiated with the British for an increase in corporate taxes, growing from 10% to 30% in 1953.
A M$1.2 million allotment to Brunei for war damages during the Japanese occupation increased from M$1 million in 1946 to M$100 million in 1952. A five-year development plan with a budget of M$100 million was implemented in 1953, with infrastructure receiving the largest percentage and the rest going toward social programmes. Together with the expansion of the oil and gas industry, commercialisation began to transform Brunei's capital and a large number of public buildings were constructed, along with the development of a central business district in the 1970s and 1980s. On 1 August 2007, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah gave consent for the expansion of the city from 12.87 km2 to 100.36 km2. Istana Nurul Iman is the seat of the Brunei government and is the largest residential palace in the world according to Guinness World Records. There are two prime minister offices in the city: one is located inside Istana Nurul Iman and another one is located at Jalan Kumbang Pasang; the city is administered by the Bandar Seri Begawan Municipal Department, a department, responsible to maintain the cleanliness and provide services to the municipality.
The locality achieved the status of city in 1920. With an area of 100.36 square kilometres, the city is located in the most populous district of Brunei namely Brunei-Muara District. The city comprises the following Mukims: However, 6 mukims are collectively known as Kampong Ayer or Water Village namely: Burong Pinggai Ayer, Sungai Kebun, Sungai Kedayan, Peramu and Tamoi. Bandar Seri Begawan is located at 4 ° 53' 25 "114 ° 56' 32 "E, on the northern bank of the Brunei River. Brunei features an equatorial climate, a tropical rainforest climate more subject to the Intertropical Convergence Zone than the trade winds and with no or rarecyclones; the climate is wet. The city sees heavy precipitation throughout the course of the year with the Northeast Monsoon blows from December to March, while the Southeast Monsoon around June to October; the Bruneian Census 2011 Report estimated the population of Bandar Seri Begawan to be 20,000, while the metropolitan area has around 279,924. The majority of Bruneians are Malays, with Chinese being the most significant minority group.
Aboriginal groups such as the Bisaya, Dusun, Lun Bawang, Murut
Bishan known as either Bishan New Town or Bishan Town, is a planning area and matured residential town located at the northernmost portion of the Central Region of Singapore. Statistically, the area is ranked the 38th biggest in terms of geographical size and the 21st most populated planning area in the country, it is located at the most Central point of Singapore, is made out of Upper Thomson, Sin ming, Bishan North and Bishan east. There are many private residential properties in Bishan; this however, makes. Apart from its boundary with the Central Water Catchment in the west, Bishan borders three other planning areas - Ang Mo Kio to the north, Toa Payoh to the south and Serangoon to the east. What is now Bishan today was once land that belonged to Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng, a cemetery that served the Cantonese and Hakka communities of Singapore. Following the establishment of the cemetery in 1870, the first human settlements began to appear in the area, forming what became Kampong San Teng.
During the Battle of Singapore in 1942, Peck San Theng was the site of a fierce firefight between the invading Japanese forces and the defending British. The subsequent fall of the island to the Japanese that same year made Peck San Theng a place of refuge for most of the Singapore population. In 1973, Peck San Theng stopped accepting burials and six years following a government lease, land was acquired for development. Graves were exhumed between 1982 and 1984 paving the way for the construction of Bishan New Town in 1983. Today, Peck San Theng still remains in operation, although it had since been converted into a columbarium. Bishan New Town became the first in Singapore to depart from the brutalist design seen in most previous Housing and Development Board towns. Instead of slab-like residential blocks that were built in uniformed rows, apartment blocks in Bishan varied in height and were dislocated. Flats within the town featured pitched roofs which have since become associated with the skyline of Bishan.
The town is home to two of Singapore's most prestigious educational institutions, Catholic High School and Raffles Institution. Bishan derived its name from the Cantonese term for large burial ground, Peck San Theng, which translates as "pavilions on the green"; this term reflects the neighbourhood's origins as a burial ground, established in 1870 by Cantonese and Hakka immigrants. This burial ground has since been redeveloped and the original graves were relocated to the nearby Peck San Theng Temple. Bishan Planning Area, as defined by Singapore's Urban Redevelopment Authority is situated in the Central Region of Singapore, bounded by planning areas of Ang Mo Kio to the north, Toa Payoh to the south and Serangoon to the east. Bishan New Town sits within this planning area; as defined by the Urban Redevelopment Authority, Bishan Planning Area is divided into 3 subzones: Peck San Theng cemetery was established in 1870 on the site of present-day Bishan by Cantonese and Hakka immigrants. People began to settle around the cemetery, Kampong San Theng and Soon Hock Village, soon grew in size.
Singapore Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng, a federation of 16 Cantonese clans in Singapore and ran Kampong San Theng. This settlement grew over time to accommodate nearly 2000 inhabitants at the beginning of the 20th century. During World War II, the Peck San Theng cemetery became a battle ground between British and Japanese forces; the 2nd Battalion of the Cambridgeshire Regiment had engaged the Japanese forces on 14 February 1942 over the nearby strategically important Macritchie Reservoir. The Japanese bombed Kampong San Teng, which resulted in significant civilian casualties; the battle ended 15 January, when the British surrendered to the Japanese. At that point, British troops were still holding out along Braddell Road. During the Japanese Occupation of Singapore, this area became a refuge for people trying to evade the Japanese because the Japanese occupiers were afraid to enter the cemetery. After the war, the graves of Peck San Theng became a known gangster hideout and gang-related crimes became rife in the area.
In 1973, the government ordered the cemetery to be closed and mandated that no fresh burials can be done within the cemetery. The government acquired this cemetery land from the Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng foundation for SGD$$4.95 million in 1979. As compensation, the government gave 3 hectares of the land back to the foundation for the foundation to build a columbarium; the foundation subsequently built a multi-story columbarium complex on this land. In the early 1970s, the Housing Development Board built the first housing estate, located at Sin Ming Road along with clusters of industrial sectors; the first blocks of residential flats were numbered Block 22-26, now known as Sin Ming Ville. Sin Ming industrial estate is known to be a popular destination for cars and vehicles related matters as the estate houses workshops and establishments specialising in vehicle maintenance and registration. By the 1980s, the Housing Development Board had begun further expanding the area into a satellite housing estate to meet the rising demand for housing from Singapore's then-growing population.
The residents in Kampong San Teng were resettled and a mass exhumation of the 170,000 graves were carried out in 1980. Redevelopment of the area started in 1982. On this land, HDB planned to construct 24,600 residential units distributed across 4 distinct neighbourhoods: Bishan East, Bishan North, Bishan West (subsequently renamed Sin Ming Garden Estate in