Nikanor Grujić was the Serbian Orthodox bishop of Pakrac, the locum tenens Serbian Patriarch, the Austro–Hungarian emperor's Privy Councilor, knight of the Grand Cross of the Franz Joseph order, member of Houses of Magnates at Hungarian and Croatian–Slavonian parliaments, member of Serbian Learned Society, poet and translator. Born Milutin Grujić on December 12, 1810 or December 1 in Lippó, Baranya county to priest Prokopije Grujić and Agripina, née Kosić, he had an older brother named Dragutin Grujić, who became archpriest of Mohács and Szigetvar, parish priest of Kácsfalu and assessor of Buda bishopric consistory. Milutin was educated at Lippó, his birthplace, Mohács and Pečuj, where he excelled as an orator and poet of his generation, he attended and finished his teological studies at the prestigious Serbian Orthodox Seminary in Sremski Karlovci. After that, he took monastic changed his name to Nikanor, he played a prominent role in the proclamation of Serbian Vojvodina during the May Assembly in Sremski Karlovci in 1848.
After Nikanor's speech, Stevan Šupljikac was proclaimed vojvoda of Serbian Vojvodina. That year, Grujić become archimandrite of Kuveždin monastery, after that, archimandrite of Krušedol monastery. In 1859 he was an administrator of the Eparchy of upper Karlovac, his ordination as bishop took place in 1861, officiated by Patriarch Josif Rajačić. In 1864 Nikanor become the Serbian Orthodox Bishop of Pakrac, he was appointed administrator of Serbian patriarchy – metropolitanate by emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria in 1872. That same year the emperor named him to his privy council, better known as the Wirklicher Geheimrat), with the title of Excellency. In 1874, Grujić become a knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of Franz Joseph. At the same time he ended his administrator's duty in the Serbian patriarchy – metropolitanate. Nikanor Grujić was a well-known poet, writer and orator. Among his most notable books are: The Epic of Saint Sabbas, he was a member of the Serbian Learned Society, which became the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, honorary member of Matica slovenská.
Bishop Nikanor died on 26 April 1887 at his court in Pakrac and was buried near the Serbian Orthodox Church at Gavrinica, Pakrac cemetery. Bishop Nikanor wrote large number of poems and books. Among them, there are: "Objections of Nikanor Grujić...", Zemun 1852. "Saint Sabbas", Karlovci 1861. "Autobiography", Sremski Karlovci 1907. Serbian Vojvodina Geheimrat Order of Franz Joseph Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts Matica slovenská Jovan Skerlić, Istorija nove srpske književnosti, pages 196-198
Nicanor (Antipatrid general)
Nicanor was a Macedonian officer who served the Diadochus Cassander and the son in law of Aristotle. He campaigned on Cassander's behalf in Attica and Hellespont during the early Wars of the Diadochi, but was executed by Cassander after the latter suspected him of plotting a coup. According to A. B. Bosworth, Nicanor was a son of Balacrus and Phila, making him both the son in law and adopted son of Aristotle. During the Olympic Games of 324 BC, Nicanor acted as the representative of Alexander the Great reading a proclamation that ordered Greek city states to welcome back people they had sent into exile. During the Wars of the Diadochi, Nicanor served as an officer of Cassander who dispatched him on the death of Antipater in 319 BC to take the command of Macedonian garrison at Munychia in Attica, he arrived to Athens shortly after the regent of the Macedon, issued a decree blaming Antipater for the problems faced by the Greek city states and ordering the return of exiles who opposed him. The decree spurred many Athenians to get rid of the Macedonian garrison in Nicanor.
When Nicanor took part in an assembly of the Athenians in Piraeus, Athenian general Dercylus proposed arresting Nicanor but the latter's friend Phocion intervened on his behalf. When the Ecclesia ordered Phocion to dislodge Nicanor from Munychia he delayed taking any action. Nicanor used this connections to begin negotiations with the Athenians, who demanded the withdrawal of the Macedonian garrison from Munychia, in line with the decree, issued by Polyperchon. Nicanor deluded the Athenians with false hopes. Instead of surrendering Munychia, he took the opportunity to surprise the inhabitants of Piraeus, occupying it with a strong garrison. Nicanor declared his intention to hold both fortresses for Cassander. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, at this time on friendly terms with the regent, commanding Nicanor to withdraw his troops, but with no success. Alexander, the son of Polyperchon, who arrived in Attica the following spring, at the head of a considerable army, was ineffective in persuading Nicanor to withdraw from the fortresses.
Polyperchon accused Phocion of being a traitor and he was sentenced to death along with his supporters in May 318 BC. An assault on Pireaus by Polyperchon was repelled. Shortly afterwards, Cassander arrived with a fleet of ships given to him by his ally Antigonus, Nicanor gave him possession of Piraeus and Munychia. Nicanor was dispatched by Cassander with the fleet to the Hellespont, where he was joined by the forces of Antigonus, while Polyperchon was campaigning in the Peloponnese. In July 317 BC, Nicanor was defeated by Cleitus, Polyperchon's admiral, in a naval battle in the Bosporus. However, when Antigonus crossed the straits into Europe and destroyed Cleitus' infantry, Nicanor gained a complete victory by destroying or capturing all of the enemy's fleet. Polyperchon suffered another devastating defeat at Megalopolis and his allies began defecting to Cassander. Cassander captured Aegina and the Panaktos fort encircling Athens. In the summer of 317 BC, the Athenians now under Demetrius of Phalerum allied themselves with Cassander.
After these events, Nicanor's influence grew to the extent that he incurred Cassander's suspicion that he was aiming to take power for himself. As a result, Cassander decided to rid himself of Nicanor. Cassander succeeded by treachery in capturing Nicanor. Cassander arranged to have Nicanor put to death, after undergoing a form of trial before the Macedonian Army. Habicht, Christian. Ελληνιστική Αθήνα. Athens: Odysseas. ISBN 960-210-310-8
Nicanor Jesús "Nick/Nicky" Pineda Perlas III is a Filipino activist and a recipient of the Right Livelihood Award in 2003. Perlas was the son of Jesus C. Perlas, Sr. and Anunciacion M. Pineda, he finished his elementary education at the Ateneo de Manila University in 1964 and finished his secondary education in the same school in 1968. While spending his high school years at the Ateneo, he was the Athlete of the Year and the recipient of the Silver Medal of the school's Math and Science Club in 1968. Perlas pursued his undergraduate studies at the College of Agriculture in Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan. With the highest honors, he graduated Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, major in Agronomy and minor in Agricultural Economics in the said educational institution in 1972, he would seek to pursue his master's studies at the University of the Philippines Los Baños, but would soon be forced to abandon his studies after being involved in the opposition of the Bataan nuclear power plant under the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos.
He was married to American citizen Kathryn Carpenter. Now divorced. Together they have had Christopher Michael Perlas. In his university days, Perlas was one of the key organizers of a university-wide education reform movement that resulted in changes in university policies. During this time, he founded the first ecological society in the Philippines. After graduation, he co-organized a successful large scale global campaign, the first of its kind during his time, to halt 12 nuclear plants in the Philippines. Perlas subsequently become a technical adviser to the Presidential Commission on the Philippine Nuclear Power Plant, Office of the President of the Philippines, where he was instrumental in stopping the operation of the constructed and operational Bataan Nuclear Power Plant, a $2.2 billion project plagued with design, construction and corruption problems. Shortly thereafter, Perlas was appointed member of the national technical panel overseeing the regulation of pesticide use in Philippine agriculture.
While in this capacity, he mobilized and headed a national effort that resulted in the banning of 32 hazardous pesticide formulations in the Philippines. The ban triggered the creation of a P750 million government program to reduce the use of pesticides in Philippine agriculture. In parallel with these efforts, Perlas pioneered the introduction of large scale commercial organic and biodynamic agriculture in many provinces in the Philippines. All these efforts were the fruition of early advocacies in sustainable agriculture when he was still an agricultural journalist and columnist at the Modern Agriculture and Industry-Asia, where he pioneered the first monthly articles on ecological agriculture in the Asian context. Together with colleagues at the International Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture or IASA, he coined the term sustainable agriculture in 1983, a term which has received wide use and currency until today. Perlas was the chief negotiator for a network of national networks, which involved 5000 organizations, that stopped the agenda of radical and one sided liberalization in the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation or APEC.
He introduced strong sustainable development language in the Leaders and Ministerial Declarations in APEC, constrained the Individual Action Plan of the Philippines to abide by sustainable development principles. The successful negotiations prevented the premature exposure and economic decline of 3 million Philippine rice farmers to subsidized and artificially cheap rice coming from other countries. Perlas is the co-founder and executive director of the Center for Alternative Development Initiatives or CADI, in Metro Manila and Iloilo City, where he guides research and policy work and develops initiatives on globalization and their impacts on civil society, cultural power and sustainable development, he is the co-founder and spokesperson of Karangalan which hosted a series of national conferences highlighting important global and national innovations and achievements by Filipinos in many disciplines and fields. Karangalan aims to stimulate the creation of a visionary Philippines; the 1st National Conference and Festival on “Mobilizing Excellence for Creating a Visionary Philippines” was January 21–23, 2005 at the Cultural Center of the Philippines, in partnership with over 40 organizations and networks.
Perlas was the chief facilitator and co-founder of the ABS-CBN "Forum on the Filipino Future", held on December 16, 2004. He was Chairman, Adviser on Strategy and Integral Sustainable Development, Member, Board of Directors, LifeBank, Board of Trustees of Lifebank Foundation, both of which help close to 240,000 economically poor families through microfinance, he has been chairman of several national civil society networks including the Green Forum Philippines, the Philippine Sustainable Agriculture Coalition, the Civil Society Counterpart Council for Sustainable Development. Co-founder the Global Network for Social Three-Folding, Globenet3 or GN3, with more than 17 geographic and functional nodes in over 12 countries in Asia, Europe and the United States of America. GN3 advances profound societal transformation towards integral sustainable development on the basis of socially-engaged spirituality and deep substantive inner change. Co-founder and spokesperson for Tindog Pilipinas! A national movement for a better Philippines, Professionals for Social Responsibility, the Philippine Advancement and Renewal through Threefolding Networking, Research & Service, or PARTNERS, the Philippine node for GlobeNet3.
In the mid-1990s he was one of two technical writers of Philippine Agenda 21 or PA21, a creative response to the challenges of elite globali
Nicanor the Deacon
Nicanor was one of the Seven Deacons. He was martyred in 76. Saint Nicanor was martyred in 76, he went to Cyprus, where he was put to death during the reign of Emperor Vespasian, although this is now believed unlikely
Nicanor Santa Ana Abelardo was a Filipino composer known for his kundiman songs before the Second World War. Nicanor Abelardo was born in San Miguel de Mayumo, Bulacan to Valentin Abelardo and Placida Santa Ana, his mother belonged to a family of artists in the Henson. He was introduced to music when he was five years old when his father taught him the solfeggio and the banduria. Abelardo completed his first composition, a waltz entitled "Ang Unang Buko" dedicated to his grandmother, at the age of eight. By the age of thirteen, he was playing at saloons and cabarets in Manila, by fifteen, he was teaching at barrio schools in San Ildefonso and San Miguel in Bulacan. In 1916, Abelardo entered the University of the Philippines Conservatory of Music, taking courses under Guy F. Harrison and Robert Scholfield. During his studies, he composed the melody of the university's official anthem, U. P. Naming Mahal. After earning a teacher's certificate in science and composition in 1921, he was appointed head of the composition department at the Conservatory in 1924.
Years he ran a boarding school for young musicians, among which were Antonino Vuenaventura, Alfredo Lozano, Lucino Sacramento. Abelardo died in 1934 at the age of 41, leaving behind a collection of 140 compositions, he is known for bringing the form to art-song status. Notable among his works are'Nasaan Ka Irog," "Magbalik Ka Hirang," and "Himutok." The main theater of the Cultural Center of the Philippines and the building housing the College of Music in UP Diliman were named in his honor and memory. Mutya ng Pasig Nasaan Ka Irog? Bituing Marikit Kundiman ng Luha Magbalik ka hirang Himutok Pahimakas Kung hindi man Magbalik ka, Hirang. Ikaw rin Nassan ang aking puso? Sa' yong Kandungan Requiem Mass U. P. Naming Mahal Mi Ultimo Adios, for chorus and orchestra Ang Aking Bayan Naku... Kenkoy!, foxtrot Amorosa, foxtrot Ave maria, for soprano Salve regina, for Soprano and Baritone Stabat Mater, for soprano Florante at Laura, opera unfinished Akibat, operetta Kawanggawa, sarswela Lucila, sarswela Tayo'y Pakasal na, sarswela Dakilang Punglo, sarswela Cinderella Overture Sinfonietta for String Orchestra Academic Overture Mountain Suite Symphony unfinished Piano Concerto in B-flat minor Cavatina, for violin and piano, Op. 7 Sonata for violin and piano Panoramas, for Flute, Viola and Piano Flower and the Bird: Caprice for Flute and Piano String Quartet no. 1 in F Major, Op. 1 no. 1 Sonata for String Quartet Piano Sonata in G Major Nocturne no. 1 for solo piano Romanza, for violin and piano Ang unang buko, Waltz for piano Visayan Caprice, for Violin and Piano 1937 - Nasaan ka, Irog 1937 - Bituing Marikit 2013 - The Songs of Nicanor Abelardo, featuring baritone Joseph Legaspi, tenor William Lim, soprano Katrina Saporsantos, pianist Benjamin Dia.
E. Epistola, Nicanor Abelardo, The Man and the Artist, 1996. First Nocturne - on YouTube Nicanor Abelardo bio Language Poetry and Drama in the Art Music of Nicanor Abelardo
Nicanor Zabaleta was a Spanish harpist. Zabaleta was born in San Sebastián, Spain, on January 7, 1907. In 1914 his father, an amateur musician, bought him a harp in an antique shop, he soon began taking lessons from Luisa Menarguez. In 1925 he began studies in Paris, where his teachers were Jacqueline Borot. In 1926, in Paris, he made his own official concert debut, he travelled to the U. S. and there, on July 1934 he made his North America debut in New York City. At a concert in Puerto Rico in 1950 he met Graziela and they were married in 1952, they relocated to Spain and Zabaleta began touring Europe. During the years of 1959–1962 he led a harp class on Accademia Musicale Chigiana courses in Siena, he performed music of the 18th century, ancient and modern music. People who composed for him include Alberto Ginastera, Darius Milhaud, Xavier Montsalvatge, Heitor Villa-Lobos, Walter Piston, Ernst Krenek, Joaquín Rodrigo. Josef Tal's Concerto for Harp and Electronics was commissioned by Zabaleta in 1971, premiered by him in Munich the same year.
It is estimated. He was awarded the Premio Nacional de Música of Spain in 1982 and six years in 1988, he was elected to the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando. Zabaleta's final concert on June 16, 1992 in Madrid was given when his health was declining, he died on March 1993 in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Harfe. Ravel, Handel, Albrechtsberger. Paul Kuentz Chamber Orchestra. DGG LP 139 304. 1967. Johann Sebastian Bach. Partita #2 in D minor BWV 1004, Suite #3 in B minor BWV 814, Partie A major BWV 832. Deutsche Grammophon 12" vinyl: 2530 333. 1973 Handel, Mozart, Krumpholtz, Boieldieu: various harp works, Deutsche Grammophon CD 413 684-2 Camille Saint-Saëns: Morceau de concert G-dur op. 154.... Germaine Tailliferre: Concertino pour Harpe et Orchestre.... Alberto Ginastera: Concierto para harpa y Orquestra. Nicanor Zabaleta & Jean Martinon. DEUTSCHE GRAMMOPHON 2530 008. LP Ravel. Introduction & Allegro. Deutsche Grammophon 10" vinyl: DG 17135. Holland, Bernand, "Harp: Nicanor Zabaleta", New York Times Page, Tim, "Music Notes.
Óscar Nicanor Duarte Frutos is a Paraguayan politician who served as President of Paraguay from 2003 to 2008. He holds the title of Senator for life. Born in Coronel Oviedo, Caaguazú, Nicanor Duarte grew up during the Stroessner administration and was affiliated with Stroessner's Colorado Party at the age of 14 while attending high school in Coronel Oviedo. Dr. Duarte is married to María Gloria Penayo Solaeche and they have six children. In 1974 Duarte received a bachelor's degree in Letters. In 1984 he obtained a law degree from the Catholic University of Asuncion and in 1989 a doctorate from the National University of Asuncion, he joined the ruling Colorado party. The preliminary candidate for the Colorados in December 1992 was the former minister of Integration Juan Carlos Wasmosy Monti who in August 1993 became the president of Paraguay. Wasmosy appointed Duarte as his Minister of Culture. In 1996, a political controversy led Duarte to leave the ruling party. In February 1997 he joined the Reconciliacion Colorada Movement.
In January 2001 he joined the ruling Colorado Party again and stood for its presidency for the period 2001–2004. He obtained the presidential nomination from his party on 22 December 2002, he was proclaimed president with 37.1% of the votes, ahead of Julio César Franco with 24%, Pedro Fadul with 21.3% and Guillermo Sánchez with 13.5% of the votes. He took office on August 15 for the presidential term 2003–2008, becoming the eleventh consecutive ANR-PC president. Nicanor Duarte pursued policies which were somewhat more left-wing than has been the case for the Colorado Party over its 60-year rule of Paraguay. At least in speeches, he had opposed free trade and reached out to regional Latin American countries with left-leaning governments. Nicanor Duarte announced his resignation as president, in order to assume a position as Senator on 1 July 2008, he presented his resignation on 23 June 2008 to the President of the Congress of Paraguay, Senator Miguel Abdón Saguier. Opposition and government endorsed members of the Paraguayan Congress announced they were going to boycott Duarte's resignation by not attending the extraordinary session of the Congress, a session called in order to debate and determine whether the President's resignation is accepted or not.
If Congress did not accept the resignation, Duarte would have to continue his term until 15 August and would be unable to become an elected senator, becoming instead a non-voting senator for life as a former president. As expected, the quorum was not reached at the extraordinary session called for this reason for 24 June 2008. Since Duarte Frutos could not occupy the seat belonging to him on 1 July, Jorge Cespedes, from the Colorado Party, was assigned and assumed as titular of the vacant seat of Duarte at the Senate. While some held positions in favour of Duarte assuming as senator, due to the sentence from the Superior Electoral Justice Tribunal, other MP's argued that Duarte's assumption as senator would be illegal, Congress president would be violating Constitution if swearing-in Duarte Frutos without the legal quorum. On 26 August, an extraordinary session of Congress was called, but as expected, many MP's left the session called for that day, declared "empty" or abandoned by Paraguayan Congress President Enrique Gonzalez Quintana.
Nonetheless, Gonzalez Quintana proceeded to the swearing-in oath required by law, former President Duarte Frutos, who arrived at the Legislative Palace followed by Colorado Party fellow supporters, was sworn in as senator. However, on 4 September, the Paraguayan Senate, in session to discuss resolutions on the crisis concerning Duarte Frutos tenure as senator, approved a bill, but with some modifications, revalidating a previous bill that had not been approved the previous session of 28 August. On the session of the 28th, Jorge Cespedes was confirmed as titular senator, instead of Duarte Frutos, in turn confirmed as senador vitalicio, or senator for life, handing its seat upon Cespedes. In 2018, Nicanor Duarte and current Paraguayan President Horacio Cartes were elected as senators to represent the Colorado Party in the 2018 Paraguayan General elections, raising criticism from the opposition that their senate candidacies were unconstitutional, but the Superior Tribunal of Electoral Justice overruled that decision, claiming that both Cartes and Duarte Frutos were eligible to run for the Senate, generating discussion in the political spectrum of 2018.
9. Why was Paraguay's Congress burning? 10. Nicanor califica de lamentable el texto de enmienda y desafía Cartes 11. Nicanor se desentiende de Julio César Velázquez Biography by CIDOB