Santa Rosa, California
Santa Rosa is a city in and the county seat of Sonoma County, in California's Wine Country. Its estimated 2016 population was 175,155. Santa Rosa is Wine Country and the North Bay. Santa Rosa was named after Saint Rose of Lima. Before the arrival of Europeans, the Santa Rosa Plain was home to a strong and populous tribe of Pomo natives known as the Bitakomtara; the Bitakomtara controlled the area barring passage to others until permission was arranged. Those who entered without permission were subject to harsh penalties; the tribe gathered at ceremonial times on Santa Rosa Creek near present-day Spring Lake Regional Park. Upon the arrival of Europeans, the Pomos were decimated by smallpox brought from Europe, by the eradication efforts of Anglo settlers. By 1900 the Pomo population had decreased by 95%; the first known permanent European settlement of Santa Rosa was the homestead of the Carrillo family, in-laws to Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, who settled the Sonoma pueblo and Petaluma area. In the 1830s, during the Mexican period, the family of María López de Carrillo built an adobe house on their Rancho Cabeza de Santa Rosa land grant, just east of what became downtown Santa Rosa.
However, by the 1820s, before the Carrillos built their adobe in the 1830s, Spanish and Mexican settlers from nearby Sonoma and other settlements to the south raised livestock in the area and slaughtered animals at the fork of the Santa Rosa Creek and Matanzas Creek, near the intersection of modern-day Santa Rosa Avenue and Sonoma Avenue. This is the origin of the name of Matanzas Creek as, because of its use as a slaughtering place, the confluence came to be called La Matanza. By the 1850s, a Wells Fargo post and general store were established in what is now downtown Santa Rosa. In the mid-1850s, several prominent locals, including Julio Carrillo, son of Maria Carrillo, laid out the grid street pattern for Santa Rosa with a public square in the center, a pattern which remains as the street pattern for downtown Santa Rosa to this day, despite changes to the central square, now called Old Courthouse Square. In 1867, the county recognized Santa Rosa as an incorporated city and in 1868 the state confirmed the incorporation, making it the third incorporated city in Sonoma County, after Petaluma, incorporated in 1858, Healdsburg, incorporated in 1867.
The U. S. Census records, among others, show that after California became a state, Santa Rosa grew early on, despite lagging behind nearby Petaluma in the 1850s and early 1860s. According to the U. S. Census, in 1870 Santa Rosa was the eighth largest city in California, county seat of one of the most populous counties in the state. Growth and development after, steady but never rapid; the city continued to grow when other early population centers declined or stagnated, but by 1900 it was being overtaken by many other newer population centers in the San Francisco Bay Area and Southern California. According to a 1905 article in the Press Democrat newspaper reporting on the "Battle of the Trains", the city had just over 10,000 people at the time; the 1906 San Francisco earthquake destroyed the entire downtown, but the city's population did not suffer. However, after that period the population growth of Santa Rosa, as with most of the area, was slow. Famed director Alfred Hitchcock filmed his thriller Shadow of a Doubt in Santa Rosa in 1943.
Many of the downtown buildings seen in the film no longer exist due to major reconstruction following the strong earthquakes in October 1969. However, like the rough-stone Northwestern Pacific Railroad depot and the prominent Empire Building, still survive. A scene at the bank was filmed at the corner of Fourth Mendocino Avenue. However, the courthouse and bank are now gone; the Coen brothers' 2001 film The Man Who Wasn't There is set in Santa Rosa c. 1949. Santa Rosa grew following World War II because it was the location for Naval Auxiliary Landing Field Santa Rosa, the remnants of which are now located in southwest Santa Rosa; the city was a convenient location for San Francisco travelers bound for the Russian River. The population increased by 2/3 between 1950 and 1970, an average of 1,000 new residents a year over the 20 years; some of the increase was from immigration, some from annexation of portions of the surrounding area. In 1958 the United States Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization designated Santa Rosa as one of its eight regional headquarters, with jurisdiction over Region 7, which included American Samoa, California, Hawaii and Utah.
Santa Rosa continued as a major center for civil defense activity until 1979 when the Federal Emergency Management Agency was created in its place, ending the civil defense's 69-year history. When the City Council adopted the city's first modern General Plan in 1991, the population was about 113,000. In the 21 years following 1970, Santa Rosa grew by about 3,000 residents a year—triple the average growth during the previous twenty years. Santa Rosa 2010, the 1991 General Plan, called for a population of 175,000 in 2010; the Council expanded the city's urban boundary to include all the land planned for future annexation, declared it would be Santa Rosa's "ultimate" boundary. Th
One Man's Family
One Man's Family is an American radio soap opera, heard for three decades, from 1932 to 1959. Created by Carlton E. Morse, it was the longest-running uninterrupted dramatic serial in the history of American radio. Television versions of the series aired in prime time from 1949 to 1952 and in daytime from 1954 to 1955. One Man's Family debuted as a radio series on April 29, 1932 in Los Angeles and San Francisco, moving to the full West Coast NBC network the following month, sponsored by Snowdrift and Wesson Oil. On May 17, 1933, it expanded to the full coast-to-coast NBC network as the first West Coast show heard on the East Coast; the show was broadcast as a weekly half-hour series shifted to daily 15-minute installments originating from the studios of San Francisco radio station KPO, NBC's flagship station for the West Coast moving to Los Angeles. The series employed a literary device with episodes divided into chapters. Spanning 27 years, the program presented 136 books with 3,256 chapters.
Storylines were set in the Sea Cliff area of San Francisco, California, an area familiar to San Franciscan Carlton E. Morse; the radio plotline centered on his wife Fanny and their five children. The dialogue included many specific references to San Francisco, including the Golden Gate Bridge, which the Barbours could see from their rear living room window or their garden wall. Over the entire 27-year run, J. Anthony Smythe starred as Henry Barbour; the first Fanny was Minetta Ellen, followed by Mary Adams. Michael Raffetto had the role of author-aviator Paul, but a voice problem led to his replacement in 1955 by Russell Thorson. Hazel was played by Bernice Berwin. Beginning in 1932, Barton Yarborough portrayed Clifford, but the character was dropped from the storyline after Yarborough's death from a heart attack on December 19, 1951. Kathleen Wilson introduced the character of Claudia in 1932, continuing in the role until Claudia married in August 1943 and was written out of the story; when Claudia returned, she was played by Barbara Fuller.
Jack was portrayed by Page Gilman. The Barbour grandchildren were named Teddy, Pinky, Skipper, Penny, Elizabeth, Mary Lou, Abigail and Constance. Conrad Binyon played Henry Herbert Murray, from 1939 until his 1950 USAF / Calif. Air National Guard departure for the Korean War. In November 1947, Cousin Jediah X. Barbour arrived at Sea Cliff; this gave the program an ambiance not unlike Vic and Sade, since Idelson played adopted son Rush on Vic and Sade, which featured Hartzell as Uncle Fletcher Rush. The supporting cast in the 1930s and 1940s included Bill Bouchey, Tom Collins, Virginia Gregg, Bill Herbert, Wally Maher, Helen Musselman, Dan O'Herlihy, Walter Paterson, Ken Peters, Frank Provo, Jean Rouverol, Naomi Stevens, Janet Waldo and Ben Wright. After 3,256 episodes, the radio series ceased production on April 24, 1959. One Man's Family was the longest-running serial drama in American radio broadcasting, edging out Ma Perkins. Organist Paul Carson, who played the background music and the opening theme, "Destiny Waltz", composed the show's theme, "Waltz Patrice".
Among its other trademarks, episodes were introduced. Beginning in April 1942, scripts for One Man's Family were rewritten as prose fiction and serialized in Movie-Radio Guide; as the radio version was coming to a conclusion, another radio team and Ray---already noted for poking fun at such radio programs as Mr. Keen, Tracer of Lost Persons and Backstage Wife ---launched a dry continuing satire of One Man's Family, "One Fella's Family," as part of their daily 15-minute slot on CBS. "One Fella's Family" featured the two comedians as the Butcher family and lanced the radio classic's signature chapter-and-verse introductions, with Ray Goulding giving the fictitious episode title and describing it, for example, "..., taken from Book Vee Eye, Chapter Ex Eye, Pages 2,3,5,11, 243 and the top of page 244." The show's title was parodied by animator Tex Avery, in his 1943 MGM cartoon One Ham's Family. Two Australian versions of One Man's Family were broadcast in Australia in the late 1930s/early 1940s.
3XY opened in 1935 and was a low rating station, until the great popularity of One Man's Family changed its fortunes. The Melbourne version featured 3XY announcer Carl Bleazby. By 1949, when television expressed interest, the show focused on the Barbour children. Oldest daughter Hazel had twins, Claudia was rebellious and involved in romances, Claudia's twin brother Cliff had been married three times, Jack was a 36-year-old father of six daughters, including triplets. One Man's Family had the rare distinction of airing both in daytime television; the first TV version ran in prime time once a week for a half-hour and reverted the stories back to the 1932 storylines. Hazel was a 28-year-old who yearned for marriage and Claudia were students at Stanford University, Jack was ten years old; the prime time version focused on Fanny's attempts to mediate between her old-world husband and her independent-minded children. The prime time series featured such future stars as Eva Marie S
The Long, Hot Summer
The Long, Hot Summer is a 1958 film directed by Martin Ritt. The screenplay was written by Irving Ravetch and Harriet Frank Jr. based in part on three works by William Faulkner: the 1931 novella "Spotted Horses", the 1939 short story "Barn Burning" and the 1940 novel The Hamlet. The title is taken from The Hamlet, as Book Three is called "The Long Summer"; some characters, as well as tone, were inspired by Tennessee Williams' 1955 play, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, a film adaptation of which – starring Paul Newman – was released five months after the release of The Long, Hot Summer. The plot follows the conflicts of the Varner family after ambitious drifter Ben Quick arrives in their small Mississippi town. Will Varner, the patriarch, has doubts about his son and sees Ben as a better choice to inherit his position. Will tries to push his daughter Clara into marriage. Filmed in Clinton, the cast was composed of former Actors Studio students, whom Ritt met while he was an assistant teacher to Elia Kazan.
For the leading role, Warner Brothers loaned Newman to 20th Century Fox. The production was marked by conflicts between Ritt, which drew media attention; the music score was composed by Alex North and the title song, "The Long Hot Summer", written by North and Sammy Cahn, was performed by Jimmie Rodgers. The film did not score significant results at the box office, its critical success revitalized the career of Ritt, blacklisted during most of the 1950s. Newman won the Best Actor Award at the Cannes Film Festival. Ben Quick is on trial, suspected of barn-burning, but when no solid evidence is found, the judge expels him from town. Ben hitches a ride to Frenchman's Bend, with two young women in a convertible, Clara Varner and her sister-in-law Eula. Clara's father, Will Varner, is the domineering owner of most of the town. Ben goes to the Varner plantation. Will is away, but his only son, agrees to let Ben become a sharecropper on a vacant farm; when Will returns from a stay in the hospital, he is furious at Jody for hiring a notorious "barn burner," but soon begins to see in Ben a younger version of himself and comes to admire his ruthlessness and ambition, qualities that Jody lacks.
Will is disappointed with the man that his 23-year-old daughter, has been seeing for five or six years: Alan Stewart, a genteel Southern "blue blood" and a mama's boy. Will therefore schemes to push his daughter and Ben together, to try to bring fresh, virile blood into the family. However, she is hostile to the crude, if magnetic, upstart. Will is determined to have his bloodline go on, so he offers to make Ben wealthy if he marries Clara. Meanwhile, Minnie Littlejohn, Will's long-time mistress, is dissatisfied with their arrangement and wants to marry him. Jody becomes frustrated, seeing his position in the family being undermined. After Ben sells some wild horses for Will, he is rewarded with the position of clerk in the general store, alongside Jody. Will invites him to live in the family mansion; this is the final straw for Jody. He threatens to kill him. Ben talks his way out by telling Jody about buried Civil War-era treasure he has found on a property that Will gave him, a down payment to seal their bargain over Clara.
Jody finds a bag of coins. He is elated, thinking he might free himself of his father's domination. Late that night, Will finds his son, still digging. After examining one of the coins, Will notices that it was minted in 1910. Jody is shattered. Ben aggressively pursues Clara, she asks Alan what his intentions are, does not like what she hears. A defeated Jody finds his father alone in their barn. Jody bolts the entrance and sets the barn on fire, but he cannot go through with it and releases Will; the incident leads to a reconciliation between son. Men from town assume Ben is the culprit and start toward him, but Will claims he accidentally started the fire by dropping his cigar; the smell of fire brings back bad memories for Ben, who confesses to Clara that his father was a real barn-burner. He tells her. Ben's father got away. Ben tells her he is leaving town. An elated Will confides to Minnie that life is so good, he may have to live forever. Paul Newman as Ben Quick. Newman met director Martin Ritt as a student at the Actors Studio, where Ritt was a teacher-assistant for Elia Kazan.
Newman, under a contract with Warner Brothers, was loaned to 20th Century Fox for a fee of US$75,000. Meanwhile, his contract earned him US$17,500 for each ten-week shot, he traveled to Clinton, before the start of filming to study the mannerisms and speech of the Southern men in order to create a proper characterization. Orson Welles as Will Varner; the character was inspired by Big Daddy Pollitt from Tennessee Williams' play Cat on a Hot Tin Roof. Welles' presence on the film was marked by multiple conflicts with director Martin Ritt, he agreed to take the role due to a tax debt of US$150,000. I've been as unhappy in a picture". Director Martin Ritt met the three cast members listed below while they were students at the Actors Studio. Joanne Woodward as Clara Varner. Woodward ended up marrying co-star Newman in 1958. Anthony Franciosa as Jody Varner Lee Remick as Eula Varner. Remick admitted that during the shooting she was intimidated by Orson Welles on the set because of his "icon" status. T
Sacramento is the capital city of the U. S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. Located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's estimated 2018 population of 501,334 makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth largest capital in the United States. Sacramento is the seat of the California Assembly, the Governor of California, Supreme Court of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Sacramento is the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which had 2010 population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth largest in California. Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California, owing to its status as a notable financial center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub, home of Sacramento State University and University of California, Davis. Sacramento is a major center for the California healthcare industry, as the seat of Sutter Health, the world-renowned UC Davis Medical Center, the UC Davis School of Medicine, notable tourist destination in California, as the site of The California Museum, the Crocker Art Museum, California Hall of Fame, the California State Capitol Museum, the Old Sacramento State Historic Park.
Sacramento is known for its evolving contemporary culture, dubbed the most "hipster city" in California. In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City". Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by the Nisenan people indigenous peoples of California. Spanish cavalryman Gabriel Moraga surveyed and named the Rio del Santísimo Sacramento in 1808, after the Blessed Sacrament, referring to the Eucharist in the Catholic Church. In 1839, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Mexican governor of Alta California granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento Valley to Swiss-born, Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter's Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Following the American Conquest of California and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the waterfront developed by Sutter began to be developed and incorporated in 1850 as the City of Sacramento; as a result of the California Gold Rush, Sacramento became a major commercial center and distribution point for Northern California, serving as the terminus for the Pony Express and the First Transcontinental Railroad.
Nisenan and Plains Miwok Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region, by fruits, bulbs and roots gathered throughout the year. In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River. A Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths; the air was like champagne, drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. "¡Es como el sagrado sacramento!" The valley and the river were christened after the "Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ", referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist. John Sutter Sr. first arrived in the area on August 13, 1839, at the divergence of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a Mexican land grant of 50,000 acres.
The next year, he and his party established Sutter's Fort, a massive adobe structure with walls eighteen feet high and three feet thick. Representing Mexico, Sutter Sr. called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss inspired name, was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. Soon, the colony began to grow as more pioneers headed west. Within just a few short years, Sutter Sr. had become a grand success, owning a ten-acre orchard and a herd of thirteen thousand cattle. Fort Sutter became a regular stop for the increasing number of immigrants coming through the valley. In 1847 Sutter Sr. received 2,000 fruit trees, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. That same year, Sutter Sr. hired James Marshall to build a sawmill so that he could continue to expand his empire, unbeknownst to many, Sutter Sr.'s "empire" had been built on some thin margins of credit. In 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, a large number of gold-seekers came to the area, increasing the population.
In August 1848 Sutter Sr.'s son, John Sutter Jr. arrived in the area to assist his father in relieving his indebtedness. Now compounding the problem of his father's indebtedness, was the additional strain placed on the Sutters by the ongoing arrival of thousands of new gold miners and prospectors in the area, many quite content to squat on unwatched portions of the vast Sutter lands, or to abscond with various unattended Sutter properties or belongings if they could. In Sutter's case, rather than being a'boon' for Sutter, his employee's discovery of gold in the area turned out to be more of a personal'bane' for him. By December 1848, John Sutter Jr. in association with Sam Brannan, began laying out the City of Sacramento, 2 miles south of his father's settlement of New Helvetia. This venture was undertaken against the wishes of Sutter Sr. however the father, being in debt, was in no position to stop the venture. For
A soap opera is an ongoing drama serial on television or radio, featuring the lives of many characters and their emotional relationships. The term soap opera originated from radio dramas being sponsored by soap manufacturers. BBC Radio's The Archers, first broadcast in 1950, is the world's longest-running radio soap opera; the first serial considered to be a "soap opera" was Painted Dreams, which debuted on October 20, 1930 on Chicago radio station WGN. Early radio series such as Painted Dreams were broadcast in weekday daytime slots five days a week. Most of the listeners would be housewives. Thus, the shows were consumed by a predominantly female audience; the first nationally broadcast radio soap opera was Clara, Lu, Em, which aired on the NBC Blue Network at 10:30 p.m. Eastern Time on January 27, 1931. A crucial element that defines the soap opera is the open-ended serial nature of the narrative, with stories spanning several episodes. One of the defining features that makes a television program a soap opera, according to Albert Moran, is "that form of television that works with a continuous open narrative.
Each episode ends with a promise that the storyline is to be continued in another episode". In 2012, Los Angeles Times columnist Robert Lloyd wrote of daily dramas, "Although melodramatically eventful, soap operas such as this have a luxury of space that makes them seem more naturalistic. You spend more time with the minor characters. An individual episode of a soap opera will switch between several different concurrent narrative threads that may at times interconnect and affect one another or may run independent to each other; each episode may feature some of the show's current storylines, but not always all of them. In daytime serials and those that are broadcast each weekday, there is some rotation of both storyline and actors so any given storyline or actor will appear in some but not all of a week's worth of episodes. Soap operas bring all the current storylines to a conclusion at the same time; when one storyline ends, there are several other story threads at differing stages of development.
Soap opera episodes end on some sort of cliffhanger, the season finale ends in the same way, only to be resolved when the show returns for the start of a new yearly broadcast. Evening soap operas and those that air at a rate of one episode per week are more to feature the entire cast in each episode, to represent all current storylines in each episode. Evening soap operas and serials that run for only part of the year tend to bring things to a dramatic end-of-season cliffhanger. In 1976, Time magazine described American daytime television as "TV's richest market," noting the loyalty of the soap opera fan base and the expansion of several half-hour series into hour-long broadcasts in order to maximize ad revenues; the article explained that at that time, many prime time series lost money, while daytime serials earned profits several times more than their production costs. The issue's cover notably featured its first daytime soap stars, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of Our Lives, a married couple whose onscreen and real-life romance was covered by both the soap opera magazines and the mainstream press at large.
The main characteristics that define soap operas are "an emphasis on family life, personal relationships, sexual dramas and moral conflicts. Fitting in with these characteristics, most soap operas follow the lives of a group of characters who live or work in a particular place, or focus on a large extended family; the storylines follow personal relationships of these characters. "Soap narratives, like those of film melodramas, are marked by what Steve Neale has described as'chance happenings, missed meetings, sudden conversions, last-minute rescues and revelations, deus ex machina endings.'" These elements may be found from EastEnders to Dallas. Due to the prominence of English-language television, most soap-operas are English. However, several South African soap operas started incorporating a multi-language format, the most prominent being 7de Laan, which incorporates Afrikaans, English and several other Bantu languages which make up the 11 Official Languages of South Africa. In many soap operas, in particular daytime serials in the US, the characters are attractive, seductive and wealthy.
Soap operas from the United Kingdom and Australia tend to focus on more everyday characters and situations, are set in working class environments. Many of the soaps produced in those two countries explore social realist storylines such as family discord, marriage breakdown or financial problems. Both UK and Australian soap operas feature comedic elements affectionate comic stereotypes such as the gossip or the grumpy old man, presented as a comic foil to the emotional turmoil that surrounds them; this diverges from US soap operas. UK soap operas make a claim to presenting "reality
The Threat (1960 film)
The Threat is a 1960 American crime film directed by Charles R. Rondeau, written by Jo Heims, starring Robert Knapp, Linda Lawson, Lisabeth Hush, James Seay, Mary Castle and Barney Phillips, it was released by Warner Bros. on March 12, 1960. Hotheaded cynical loner cop Steve Keenan starts getting anonymous threats from someone who's upset with the fact that he killed a gangster kingpin in self-defense. He's casually seeing a beautiful torch singer named Gerri who's in love with him and wishes he would commit to her, but he's hesitant to do that because he's still feeling burned about his ex Laura leaving him and taking up with the now-deceased gangster, his brother Harry tries to get him to take the threats but he just brushes them off until things start taking a deadly turn... Robert Knapp as Steve Keenan Linda Lawson as Gerri Lisabeth Hush as Sandy James Seay as Harry Keenan Mary Castle as Laura Wallace Barney Phillips as Lucky Richard Cowl as Chessner Lew Brown as Jim Smiley Art Lewis as Mousie Tom Gilson as Junior Emile Meyer as Duncan Nicholas King as Georgie Alfred Shelly as Chessner Henchman Ric Roman as Lucky's Underworld Contact Bert Rumsey as Bert the Bartender The Threat on IMDb
The Pasadena Playhouse is a historic performing arts venue located 39 S. El Molino Avenue in Pasadena, United States; the 686-seat auditorium produces a variety of cultural and artistic events, professional shows, community engagements each year. Beginning around 1912, the period known as the Little Theatre Movement developed in cities and towns across the United States; the artistic community that founded the Pasadena Playhouse was started in 1916 when actor-director Gilmor Brown began producing a series of plays at a renovated burlesque theatre with his troupe "The Gilmore Brown Players". Brown established the Community Playhouse Association of Pasadena in 1917 that would become the Pasadena Playhouse Association, which necessitated a new venue for productions; the community theatre organization grew and in May 1924, the citizens of Pasadena raised funds to build a new theatre in the city center at 39 South El Molino Avenue. Completed in 1925, the theatre was designed in a Spanish Colonial Revival style by Pasadena artist and architect Elmer Grey, with a fire curtain painted by Pasadena artist Alson S. Clark.
Its non-professional, community beginnings and the tremendous amount of local support for the project led George Bernard Shaw to dub Pasadena "the Athens of the West", likening the enterprise to the ancient Festival Dionysia. The building, designed by Grey and built by the Winter Construction Co. drew the attention of the nation, bringing Southern California world premieres by authors such as Eugene O'Neill, William Saroyan, Noël Coward, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Tennessee Williams, as well as many English language premieres of significant Continental dramas; the Playhouse was recognized by the Legislature as the State Theatre of California in 1937. A school of theatre arts was established in the late 1920s that became an accredited college by 1937 training such notable talents as Raymond Burr, Victor Mature, Ernest Borgnine, Eleanor Parker, Charles Bronson, Jamie Farr, Gene Hackman, Dustin Hoffman, Sally Struthers, others. During the school years, the Playhouse was active, having as many as five independent stages in operation at any given time, giving 306–322 performances annually on the main stage alone.
In order to provide housing for the many students, older homes along El Molino Avenue were modified to become dormitories. The varied staging capabilities offered by its five venues led the Playhouse to become one of the first companies in California to experiment with new theatrical forms such as theatre-in-the-round; the Playhouse built and operated one of the first television stations in Southern California. In addition to training the Air Force to use television and radio equipment, the Pasadena Playhouse supplied the majority of Southern California's early TV stations with the first trained technicians in the business. Due to changes in Actors' Equity Association laws, the opening of drama departments in many schools and universities across the country, the School of Theatre Arts shut down in 1969; that year, after the death of founding director Gilmor Brown, the theatre itself went bankrupt. After six years, the city bought the building in 1975 and transferred it to real estate developer David Houk.
After it lay dormant for 17 years, he relaunched the theatre in 1986 as a place to develop shows that would tour other California venues. While the Pasadena Playhouse reopened for use as a community theatre, the acting school remained closed. Over the next twenty years, the theatre staged classic drama, new musicals and plays, integrated itself as an educational facility regaining a prominent place in the national theatre scene to become a major operation of over eight million dollars a year by 2008. Regardless of continued recent critical acclaim of the Playhouse, despite its popular and ambitious season schedules, the theatre had a history of financial difficulties since its reopening in the 1980s. Saddled with millions of dollars' worth of debt from earlier unforeseen expenditures during the theatre's restoration, the Playhouse's operators struggled with balancing interest and loan repayments with increasing running costs. On January 29, 2010, the Los Angeles Times announced that, due to financial difficulties, the theatre would close on February 7 after its run of the musical Camelot and cancel the remaining 2010 season.
On May 11, 2010, the Pasadena Playhouse filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and announced an intention to restructure its operations to reduce its debt burden. After less than four months, on July 7, 2010, it emerged from bankruptcy after a multimillion-dollar anonymous matching fund contribution toward operating costs and judicially approved debt cancellation; the Pasadena Playhouse reduced paid staff to essential upper level administration, keeping the Artistic Director Sheldon Epps as coordinator for the rest of the planned consolidation. Director Epps announced through an interview with the LA Times that the shake-up was intended to put the theatre back on solid financial footing and ensure the Playhouse's survival into the future; the Playhouse released a tentative Fall/Winter season schedule including one new production of Dangerous Beauty slated for January 2011. Plans for a new extension and 400 seat venue designed pro bono by Frank Gehry, announced in 2007 were not confirmed to be moving forward despite its possibility as a revenue stream and the strong donation campaign in place for its construction.
The Pasadena Playhouse intends to continue events with a reduced operating schedule and has announced a new fundraising campaign. The Playhouse operates under LORT-B designated regional theatre status. While traditionally it produced six plays annually on its mainstage, under the new guidelines