The Scarlet Pimpernel (1982 film)
The Scarlet Pimpernel is a 1982 British romantic adventure film set during the French Revolution. It is based on the novels The Scarlet Pimpernel and Eldorado by Baroness Emmuska Orczy, stars Anthony Andrews as Sir Percy Blakeney/the Scarlet Pimpernel, the protagonist, Jane Seymour as Marguerite St. Just, the love interest, Ian McKellen as Chauvelin, the antagonist. In 1792 during the Reign of Terror, the Scarlet Pimpernel rescues French aristocrats while posing as the wealthy but foppish and empty-headed Sir Percival Blakeney. Percy marries the beautiful French actress Marguerite St. Just, but her previous relationship with Robespierre's agent Paul Chauvelin may endanger the Pimpernel's plans to save the young Dauphin, eldest son of the former King of France; the story differs from the book but is inspired by it. In 1792 during the Reign of Terror of the French Revolution, a secret league of brave Englishmen are rescuing French aristocrats from the guillotine; the leader of this secret society is a mysterious English nobleman known only as the Scarlet Pimpernel, whose signature sign is a humble wayside flower.
In society he hides his identity by posing as the wealthy but foppish and empty-headed Sir Percy Blakeney. After rescuing the Count de Beaulieu and his family, Percy is introduced to the beautiful French actress Marguerite St. Just through her brother, whom he rescued from an attack. Percy is attracted to Marguerite, but she is in a relationship with Paul Chauvelin, an agent of Maximilien Robespierre. Due to the Scarlet Pimpernel's past successes, Chauvelin is assigned to discover his identity and capture him. After Percy and his associates smuggle another aristocrat out of the city while picnicking with Marguerite, Chauvelin deduces that the Scarlet Pimpernel must be an English nobleman, tries to coerce the Count de Tournay to spy on the English court for the Republic. Marguerite and Chauvelin have an argument over the executions and he angrily departs. Percy reveals his identity to Armand and convinces him to use his connections to Chauvelin to investigate the French prison holding the Dauphin, son of the former King of France.
Soon after, the Scarlet Pimpernel and his associates rescue de Tournay's family. Following a passionate courtship, Percy marries Marguerite, but soon their happiness is interrupted when he discovers that she signed the arrest warrant of the Marquis de St. Cyr and his family, the man responsible for the previous attack on Armand; this leads to beheadings of the entire St. Cyr family. Believing that she was seeking revenge and is still in league with Chauvelin, Percy becomes distrustful of his new wife. Unaware of her husband's knowledge of her extorted role in the deaths of the St. Cyr family, Marguerite unhappily notices his growing disdain for her and for married life. Armand advises Percy to tell Marguerite about his suspicions so that she may defend herself, but Percy refuses though he admits he will love her until the day he dies. Soon after, Chauvelin discovers that Armand is in league with the Scarlet Pimpernel, summons him back to Paris. Blackmailing Marguerite by threatening her brother's life, Chauvelin coerces her into discovering the vigilante's identity.
After finding that the Scarlet Pimpernel is to rendezvous at midnight, Marguerite tells Chauvelin. However, she warns the Scarlet Pimpernel—actually her husband, unbeknownst to her—and adds that Chauvelin betrayed her trust and faked her signature. Percy's faith in his wife is restored. Having been thwarted from encountering them, Chauvelin angrily leaves for Paris. Percy and his associates depart for France to save Armand and the Dauphin. Marguerite notices that Percy's family crest bears a scarlet pimpernel, deduces his identity. After Armand arranges the firing of the gaolers in charge of the Dauphin's care and his associates use the removal of their belongings to smuggle the Dauphin out of the city; the boy is taken to a castle on the French coast, but Percy is soon captured while trying to save Armand. Marguerite visits her husband in prison, where he tells her to arrange for the Baron de Batz—an Austrian interested in saving the Dauphin—to smuggle the boy out of France the following night.
Percy agrees to bring Chauvelin to the Dauphin. Chauvelin and Percy, along with Marguerite and Armand who are hostages, arrive at the castle, but the Dauphin has been removed. Angered by the deception, Chauvelin orders Percy's execution, but the firing squad consists of members of the league of the Scarlet Pimpernel, disguised as Chauvelin's troops. Percy is rescued and returns to duel with Chauvelin, is victorious. Percy decides to leave Chauvelin's fate to Robespierre. Impersonating Chauvelin to ensure their escape, Armand departs from the castle along with the French troops that Chauvelin had stationed there. Percy and Marguerite sail away in love Anthony Andrews as Sir Percy Blakeney/ the Scarlet Pimpernel, an English aristocrat who plays a foppish dandy in public, but is a bold adventurer who carries out daring rescue missions along with his band of followers known as the League of the Scarlet Pimpernel Jane Seymour as Marguerite Blakeney, a French actress whom Percy Blakeney meets while in France and subsequently marries Ian McKellen as Paul Chauvelin, the chief agent of the Committee of Public Safety tasked with capturing the Scarlet Pimpernel James Villiers as the Baron de Batz, an Austrian nobleman involved in a covert operation to rescue the young Dauphin Malcolm Jamieson as Armand St. Just, the brother of Marguerite, a member of the League of the Scarlet Pimpernel Eleanor David as Louise, a French actress and understudy of Margueri
Iraq the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Assyrians, Shabakis, Armenians, Mandeans and Kawliya. Around 95% of the country's 37 million citizens are Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan and Mandeanism present; the official languages of Iraq are Kurdish. Iraq has a coastline measuring 58 km on the northern Persian Gulf and encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert. Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run south through Iraq and into the Shatt al-Arab near the Persian Gulf; these rivers provide Iraq with significant amounts of fertile land. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers known as Mesopotamia, is referred to as the cradle of civilisation.
It was here that mankind first began to read, create laws and live in cities under an organised government—notably Uruk, from which "Iraq" is derived. The area has been home to successive civilisations since the 6th millennium BC. Iraq was the centre of the Akkadian, Sumerian and Babylonian empires, it was part of the Median, Hellenistic, Sassanid, Rashidun, Abbasid, Mongol, Safavid and Ottoman empires. The country today known as Iraq was a region of the Ottoman Empire until the partition of the Ottoman Empire in the 20th century, it was made up of three provinces, called vilayets in the Ottoman language: Mosul Vilayet, Baghdad Vilayet, Basra Vilayet. In April 1920 the British Mandate of Mesopotamia was created under the authority of the League of Nations. A British-backed monarchy joining these vilayets into one Kingdom was established in 1921 under Faisal I of Iraq; the Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from the UK in 1932. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Iraqi Republic created.
Iraq was controlled by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party from 1968 until 2003. After an invasion by the United States and its allies in 2003, Saddam Hussein's Ba'ath Party was removed from power, multi-party parliamentary elections were held in 2005; the US presence in Iraq ended in 2011, but the Iraqi insurgency continued and intensified as fighters from the Syrian Civil War spilled into the country. Out of the insurgency came a destructive group calling itself ISIL, which took large parts of the north and west, it has since been defeated. Disputes over the sovereignty of Iraqi Kurdistan continue. A referendum about the full sovereignty of Iraqi Kurdistan was held on 25 September 2017. On 9 December 2017, then-Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared victory over ISIL after the group lost its territory in Iraq. Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of one autonomous region; the country's official religion is Islam. Culturally, Iraq has a rich heritage and celebrates the achievements of its past in both pre-Islamic as well as post-Islamic times and is known for its poets.
Its painters and sculptors are among the best in the Arab world, some of them being world-class as well as producing fine handicrafts, including rugs and carpets. Iraq is a founding member of the UN as well as of the Arab League, OIC, Non-Aligned Movement and the IMF; the Arabic name العراق al-ʿIrāq has been in use since before the 6th century. There are several suggested origins for the name. One dates to the Sumerian city of Uruk and is thus of Sumerian origin, as Uruk was the Akkadian name for the Sumerian city of Urug, containing the Sumerian word for "city", UR. An Arabic folk etymology for the name is "well-watered. During the medieval period, there was a region called ʿIrāq ʿArabī for Lower Mesopotamia and ʿIrāq ʿAjamī, for the region now situated in Central and Western Iran; the term included the plain south of the Hamrin Mountains and did not include the northernmost and westernmost parts of the modern territory of Iraq. Prior to the middle of the 19th century, the term Eyraca Arabic was used to describe Iraq.
The term Sawad was used in early Islamic times for the region of the alluvial plain of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, contrasting it with the arid Arabian desert. As an Arabic word, عراق means "hem", "shore", "bank", or "edge", so that the name by folk etymology came to be interpreted as "the escarpment", viz. at the south and east of the Jazira Plateau, which forms the northern and western edge of the "al-Iraq arabi" area. The Arabic pronunciation is. In English, it is either or, the American Heritage Dictionary, the Random House Dictionary; the pronunciation is heard in US media. In accordance with the 2005 Constitution, the official name of the state is the "Republic of Iraq". Between 65,000 BC and 35,000 BC northern Iraq was home to a Neanderthal culture, archaeological remains of which have been discovered at Shanidar Cave This same region is the location of a number of pre-Neolithic cemeteries, dating from 11,000 BC. Since 10,000 BC, Iraq was one of centres of a Caucasoid Neolithic culture (k
University of Baghdad
The University of Baghdad is the largest university in Iraq and the second largest in the Arab world, behind the University of Cairo. Both University of Baghdad and Baghdad University are used interchangeably; the College of Islamic Sciences claims that it originated in 1067 A. D. as Abu-Haneefa. However, the College of Law, the earliest of the modern institutions that were to become the first constituent Colleges of the University of Baghdad, was founded in 1908; the College of Engineering was established in 1921. In 1942, the first higher institution for girls, Queen Alia College, was established. In 1943, proposals for further new Colleges appeared, leading to the foundation of the College of Arts and the College of Science in 1949, Abu Ghraib College of Agriculture in 1950. In 1922, a scheme had been initiated by the King for the organisation of a university at Bab al-Mu’azzam, but there were insufficient students qualified for admission. Nonetheless, a start was made on the creation of the university with the building of the Theological College.
In January 1925, the Engineering School was transferred to the vacant upper floor of the Theological College building. In 1935, the Monroe Commission had argued that Iraq was not ready for a university, the next attempt to establish a University did not commence until 1945; the ‘Morgan Report’ was prepared for the Iraqi government in 1947 by a senior member of the British Council’s staff. In 1948, the British Council’s proposals were rejected in favour of a plan drawn up by the Ministry, but no action followed. In May 1953, the British Council sponsored a further visit to Baghdad by a group of British university professors to give encouragement, once again, to the establishment of a university. However, the first university in the country, Al-Hikma University, was founded by the American Roman Catholic Fathers in 1956. In the same year, the government announced plans to amalgamate the existing state funded Colleges, enacting Royal decree number 60 of 1956 to establish the University of Baghdad.
Its first President was appointed by Royal decree in 1957, it commenced operations in 1958. Following the Ba’athist coup, in autumn 1968, Al Hikma University was taken over by the state and integrated into Baghdad University. A new university campus was commissioned by the Royal Government of Iraq in the late 1950s and situated near the Tigris river, its buildings were designed by Walter Gropius, Louis McMillen and Robert McMillan of The Architects Collaborative, who commenced their master plan in the 1950s for a new university campus for the Colleges of Engineering and Liberal Arts for a total of 6,800 students. The campus was expanded in 1982 to accommodate 20,000 students plus support facilities. Architect Hisham N. Ashkouri and Robert Owen developed the full academic space program for the entire campus. In September 2018, the university was listed in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, a yearly classification of the best 1,250 universities in the world, for the first time.
Dr. Matti Aqrawi - 5 /10/1957- 1 /8 /1958 Dr. Abdul Jabbar Abdullah - 19/3 /1959 - 8 /3 /1963 Dr. Abed Al-Azeez Al-Duri - 10/2 /1963 -27/11/1965 and 10/9 /1966 - 7 /8 /1968 Dr. Jassem Mohammad Al-Kallaf - 9 /9 /1968 - 8 /8 /1970 Dr. Abed Allatif Al-Badry - 8 /8 /1970 - 1 /3 /1971 Dr. Saad Abed Al-Bakki Al-Rawi - 15/6 /1971 - 23/1 /1974 Dr. Taha Ibrahim Al-Abdalla - 14/3 /1974 - 15/10/1977 Dr. Sulttan Abed Al-Kader Al-Shawi - 18/10/1977 - 1 /3 /1978 Dr. Taha Tayh Diab Al-Ne'ami - 30/6 /1980 - 27/12/1990 Dr. Adil Shakir Al-Tai - 10/7/1990 - 28/2/1991 Dr. Khidir Jasim Al-Duri - 1/3/1991 - 10/11/1993 Dr. Abed Al-Iillah Yossif Al-Kashab - 14/11/1993 - 7 /6 /2001 Dr. Mohammad Abed Allah Falah Al-Rawi - 12/6 /2001 - 30/4 /2003 Dr. Sammi Abed Al-Mahdi Al-Mudaffar - 24/5 /2003 - 28/9 /2003 Dr. Musa Juwad Aziz Al-Musawi - 2003– 20/11/2012 Dr. Alaa Abdulrasool Alkashwan- 20/11/2012–present. College of Engineering Al-Khwarizmi College of Engineering College of Science College of Political Science College of Physical Education College of Science for Women College of Education for Women Institute of Laser for Postgraduate Studies Institute of Urban and Regional Planning Institute of Genetic Engineering Institute of Accounting & Financial Studies college of agricultural College of Medicine College of Dentistry College of Pharmacy College of Nursing College of Education - Ibn Rushd College of Arts College of Languages College of Information College of Islamic Sciences College of Physical Education for Women College of Law College of Administration and Economy College of Education - Ibn Al-Haytham College of Fine Arts College of Veterinary Al-Kindi College of Medicine Mohammed Alkobaisi - Islamic scholar Hisham N. Ashkouri - Architect Serwan Baban - Minister in the Kurdistan Regional Government Abd al-Rahman al-Bazzaz – Former Prime Minister of Iraq Emad Zaki Yehya - International Petroleum Consultant & Former President of Reservoir Engineering in the Ministry of Oil Saadoun al-Dulaimi - Former Iraqi Defense Minister Ghanim Al-Jumaily – Professor of engineering at Southern New Hampshire University.
Ivanhoe is a historical novel by Sir Walter Scott, first published in 1819 in three volumes and subtitled A Romance. At the time it was written it represented a shift by Scott away from realistic novels set in Scotland in the comparatively recent past, to a somewhat fanciful depiction of medieval England, it has proved to be one of the most influential of Scott's novels. Ivanhoe is set in 12th-century England, with colourful descriptions of a tournament, outlaws, a witch trial and divisions between Jews and Christians, it has been credited for increasing interest in medievalism. It has had an important influence on popular perceptions of Richard the Lionheart, King John, Robin Hood. There have been several adaptations for stage and television. In June 1819 Scott was still suffering from the severe stomach pains that had forced him to dictate the last part of The Bride of Lammermoor and most of A Legend of the Wars of Montrose, finishing at the end of May, but by the beginning of July at the latest he had started dictating his new novel Ivanhoe, again with John Ballantyne and William Laidlaw as amanuenses.
He was able to take up the pen himself for the second half of the novel and completed it in early November. For detailed information about the middle ages Scott drew on three works by the antiquarian Joseph Strutt: Horda Angel-cynnan or a Compleat View of the Manners, Arms, Habits etc. of the Inhabitants of England and Habits of the People of England, Sports and Pastimes of the People of England. Two historians gave him a solid grounding in the period: Robert Henry with his The History of Great Britain, Sharon Turner with The History of the Anglo-Saxons from the Earliest Period to the Norman Conquest, his clearest debt to an original medieval source involved the Templar Rule, reproduced in The Theatre of Honour and Knight-Hood translated from the French of André Favine. Scott was happy to introduce details from the middle ages, Chaucer was helpful, as was the fourteenth-century romance Richard Coeur de Lion. Ivanhoe, bearing the date 1820, was published by Archibald Constable in Edinburgh on 20 December 1819 and issued in London on the 29th.
As with all of the Waverley novels before 1827 publication was anonymous. It is possible that Scott was involved in minor changes to the text during the early 1820s but his main revision was carried out in 1829 for the'Magnum' edition where the novel appeared in Volumes 16 and 17 in September and October 1830; the standard modern edition, by Graham Tulloch, appeared as Volume 8 of the Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels in 1998: this is based on the first edition with emendations principally from Scott's manuscript in the second half of the work. Ivanhoe is the story of one of the remaining Anglo-Saxon noble families at a time when the nobility in England was overwhelmingly Norman, it follows the Saxon protagonist, Sir Wilfred of Ivanhoe, out of favour with his father for his allegiance to the Norman king Richard the Lionheart. The story is set in 1194, after the failure of the Third Crusade, when many of the Crusaders were still returning to their homes in Europe. King Richard, captured by Leopold of Austria on his return journey to England, was believed to still be in captivity.
Protagonist Wilfred of Ivanhoe is disinherited by his father Cedric of Rotherwood for supporting the Norman King Richard and for falling in love with the Lady Rowena, a ward of Cedric's and descendant of the Saxon Kings of England. Cedric planned to marry Rowena to the powerful Lord Athelstane, a pretender to the Crown of England by his descent from the last Saxon King, Harold Godwinson. Ivanhoe accompanies King Richard on the Crusades, where he is said to have played a notable role in the Siege of Acre; the book opens with a scene of Norman prelates seeking the hospitality of Cedric. They are guided there by a pilgrim, known at that time as a palmer. Returning from the Holy Land that same night, Isaac of York, a Jewish moneylender, seeks refuge at Rotherwood. Following the night's meal, the palmer observes one of the Normans, the Templar Brian de Bois-Guilbert, issue orders to his Saracen soldiers to capture Isaac; the palmer assists in Isaac's escape from Rotherwood, with the additional aid of the swineherd Gurth.
Isaac of York offers to repay his debt to the palmer with a suit of armour and a war horse to participate in the tournament at Ashby-de-la-Zouch Castle, on his inference that the palmer was secretly a knight. The palmer accepts the offer; the tournament is presided over by Prince John. Other characters in attendance are Cedric, Lady Rowena, Isaac of York, his daughter Rebecca, Robin of Locksley and his men, Prince John's advisor Waldemar Fitzurse, numerous Norman knights. On the first day of the tournament, a bout of individual jousting, a mysterious knight, identifying himself only as "Desdichado", defeats Bois-Guilbert; the masked knight declines to reveal himself despite Prince John's request, but is declared the champion of the day and is permitted to choose the Queen of the Tournament. He bestows this honour upon the Lady Rowena. On the second day, at a melee
Frankenstein's monster erroneously referred to as "Frankenstein", is a fictional character who first appeared in Mary Shelley's 1818 novel Frankenstein. Shelley's title thus compares the monster's creator, Victor Frankenstein, to the mythological character Prometheus, who fashioned humans out of clay and gave them fire. In Shelley's Gothic story, Victor Frankenstein builds the creature in his laboratory through an ambiguous method consisting of chemistry and alchemy. Shelley describes the monster sensitive and emotional; the monster attempts to fit into human society but is shunned, which leads him to seek revenge against Frankenstein. According to the scholar Joseph Carroll, the monster occupies "a border territory between the characteristics that define protagonists and antagonists". Frankenstein's monster became iconic in popular culture, has been featured in various forms of media, like films, television series and video games, his most iconic version is his portrayal by Boris Karloff in the 1931 film Frankenstein.
Mary Shelley's original novel never ascribes an actual name to the monster. Frankenstein refers to his creation as "creature", "fiend", "spectre", "the demon", "wretch", "devil", "thing", "being", "ogre". Frankenstein's creation did at least once refer to himself as a "monster" as well as other villagers towards the end of the novel, it has become common to refer to the creature by the name "Frankenstein" or "The Monster" but neither of these names are as apparent in the book. As in Shelley's story, the creature's namelessness became a central part of the stage adaptations in London and Paris during the decades after the novel's first appearance. In 1823, Shelley herself attended a performance of Richard Brinsley Peake's Presumption, the first successful stage adaptation of her novel. "The play bill amused me for in the list of dramatis personae came _________, by Mr T. Cooke," she wrote to her friend Leigh Hunt. "This nameless mode of naming the unnameable is rather good."Within a decade of publication, the name of the creator—Frankenstein—was used to refer to the creature, but it did not become established until much later.
The story was adapted for the stage in 1927 by Peggy Webling, Webling's Victor Frankenstein does give the creature his name. However, the creature has no name in the Universal film series starring Boris Karloff during the 1930s, based upon Webling's play; the 1931 Universal film treated the creature's identity in a similar way as Shelley's novel: in the opening credits, the character is referred to as "The Monster". The creature soon enough became best known in the popular imagination as "Frankenstein"; this usage is sometimes considered erroneous, but some usage commentators regard the monster sense of "Frankenstein" as well-established and not an error. Modern practice varies somewhat. For example, in Dean Koontz's Frankenstein, first published in 2004, the creature is named "Deucalion", after the character from Greek Mythology, the son of the titan Prometheus, a reference to the original novel's title. Another example is the second episode of Showtime's Penny Dreadful, which first aired in 2014.
Thumbing through a book of the works of William Shakespeare, the monster chooses "Proteus" from The Two Gentlemen of Verona. It is revealed that Proteus is the second monster Frankenstein has created, with the first, abandoned creation having been named "Caliban", from The Tempest, by the theatre actor who took him in and after leaving the theatre, named himself after the English poet John Clare; as told by Mary Shelley, Victor Frankenstein builds the creature in the attic of his boarding house through an ambiguously described scientific method consisting of chemistry and alchemy. Frankenstein is disgusted by his creation and flees from it in horror. Frightened, unaware of his own identity, the monster wanders through the wilderness, he finds brief solace beside a remote cottage inhabited by a family of peasants. Eavesdropping, the creature familiarizes himself with their lives and learns to speak, whereby he becomes eloquent and well-mannered; the creature introduces himself to the family's blind father, who treats him with kindness.
When the rest of the family returns, they are frightened of him and drive him away. Hopeful but bewildered, the creature rescues a peasant girl from a river but is shot in the shoulder by a man who claims her, he finds Frankenstein's journal in the pocket of the jacket he found in the laboratory, swears revenge on his creator for leaving him alone in a world that hates him. The monster kills Victor's younger brother William upon learning of the boy's relation to his hated creator; when Frankenstein retreats to the mountains, the monster approaches him at the summit and asks his creator to build him a female mate. In return, he promises to disappear with his mate and never trouble humankind again. Frankenstein agrees and builds a female creature, aghast at the possibility of creating a race of monsters, destroys his experiment. In response, the monster kills Frankenst
Raúl Rafael Juliá y Arcelay was a Puerto Rican actor who received international recognition. Born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, he took an interest in acting while still in school. Upon completing his studies, Julia decided to pursue a career in acting. After performing locally for some time, he was convinced by entertainment personality Orson Bean to move and work in New York City. Julia, bilingual since his childhood, soon gained interest in Broadway and Off-Broadway plays, he took over in the role of Orson in the Off-Broadway hit Your Own Thing, a rock musical updating of Twelfth Night. He performed including the Puerto Rican Traveling Theater. Julia was noticed by Joseph Papp, who offered him work in the New York Shakespeare Festival. After gaining visibility, he received roles in two television series, Love of Life and Sesame Street. For his performance in Two Gentlemen of Verona, he received a nomination for the Tony Award and won a Drama Desk Award. Between 1974 and 1982, Julia received Tony Award nominations for Where's Charley?, The Threepenny Opera and Nine.
During the 1980s, he worked in several films, receiving nominations for the Golden Globe Awards, for his performance in Tempest, Kiss of the Spider Woman, winning the National Board of Review Award for Best Actor for the latter. In 1991 and 1993, Julia portrayed Gomez Addams in two film adaptations of The Addams Family. In 1994, he filmed The Burning Season, for which he won a Golden Globe Best Actor award, a film adaptation of the Street Fighter video games; that year, Julia suffered several health afflictions dying after suffering a stroke. His funeral was held in Puerto Rico, being attended by thousands. For his work in The Burning Season, Julia won a posthumous Emmy and SAG Award. Julia was born March 9, 1940, in Floral Park, a suburb of San Juan, to Olga Arcelay and Raúl Juliá, he was the oldest of four brothers and sisters Maria Eugenia Juliá and Olga Maria Juliá. His mother was a mezzo-soprano who sang in a church choir before marrying Julia's father, an electrical engineer graduated from Tri-State University.
Some relatives were musicians, including his great aunt María González, whom he credited as the inspiration behind his artistic career. The family was Catholic. Raul's father was a restaurant in San Juan; the building was a gas station and body shop, before being remodeled after a similar restaurant in Madrid, called "Las Cuevas de Luis Candelas", intended to mimic the structure of a gypsum cave. Julia's father claimed that he brought pizza to Puerto Rico, after he hired an Italian cook in New York City that could prepare pizza; the restaurant is supposed to be the first to distribute chicken-in-a-basket within the archipelago, which Miriam Fitts helped him think of. Julia was enrolled in Colegio Espíritu Santo in Hato Rey, a Catholic private school, where most of the personnel spoke English. There he participated in his first play in first grade, interpreting the devil, with his performance earning him participation in all subsequent school plays. After witnessing Errol Flynn's performance in The Adventures of Robin Hood, he decided to pursue an acting career.
During his childhood, Julia's family followed a strict Jesuit practice bringing homeless children into their household. His mother received a recognition from the Catholic University of Ponce due to these efforts. By the seventh grade, Julia was able to speak English fluently and had gained interest in the works of William Shakespeare. Julia concluded his secondary education at Colegio San Ignacio de Loyola, where he would organize plays of Julius Caesar, King Lear, The Tempest. Seeking to please his parents, he continued his university education spending a year at Fordham University, before returning to Puerto Rico, where he attended the University of Puerto Rico, becoming a member of Phi Sigma Alpha Fraternity. Julia continued acting in local nightclubs, he studied liberal arts. Julia realized that he had no interest in pursuing a law career, favored by his parents, choosing to act full-time despite having doubts if he could sustain his needs working as an actor. Julia began performing in several plays that were held in San Juan.
He performed in a re-staging of Macbeth, held in one of the municipality's colonial castles in order to emulate the setting of the work. Other works included playing the role of Roderigo in Othello at a local drama production. Parallel to this, Julia began making presentations at the Ted Mack Amateur Hour. After joining a musical group named the "Lamplighters", despite receiving opposition from his parents, he was recruited by Lillian Hurst to perform alongside her receiving work at a hotel named El Convento. During this time, he began considering the possibility of moving to Europe to take acting classes. During one of their acts, Julia was approached by Orson Bean, on vacation in Puerto Rico, who provided him with contact information, wanting him to travel to New York and work there, his parents were shocked by the proposal, but agreed to support his decision. Julia's departure was postponed after his younger brother, died in a traffic collision. During this time, he became engaged to Magda Vasallo Molinelli.
In 1964, when he was 24 years old, he traveled to New York, arriving in the middle of a winter storm. After establishing residence in Manhattan, Julia had to do several odd jobs to pay for his expenses, going as far as receiving training on the proper way to sell pens for a distributor; when Hurst visited him, both attended a Broadway play and the fact that