Jazz dance is the performance dance technique and style that emerged in America in the early twentieth century. Jazz dance may refer to vernacular Broadway or theatrical jazz. Both genres build on the African American vernacular style of dancing. Vernacular jazz dance includes ragtime dances, Lindy hop, mambo. Popular vernacular jazz dance performers include The Whitman Sisters, Florence Mills, Ethel Waters, Al & Leon, Frankie Manning, Norma Miller, Dawn Hampton, Katherine Dunham. Theatrical jazz dance performed on concert stage was popularized by Jack Cole, Bob Fosse, Eugene Louis Faccuito, Gus Giordano; the term "jazz dance" has been used in ways. Since the 1940s, Hollywood movies and Broadway shows have used the term to describe the choreography of Bob Fosse and Jerome Robbins. In the 1990s, colleges and universities applied to the term to classes offered by physical education departments in which students dance to various forms of pop music jazz; the origin of jazz dance can be traced to African ritual and celebratory dances from around the seventeenth century.
These dances emphasized improvisation. From the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, the transatlantic slave trade brought ten million enslaved Africans to the Americas. By 1817 in New Orleans, city laws "restricted gatherings of enslaved people to Sunday afternoons in Congo Square, known as Place Publique". In 1917, jazz pianist Spencer Williams wrote a song called "Shim-Me-Sha-Wabble" which inspired a jazz dance called the shimmy; the shimmy is done by holding the body still "except for the shoulders, which are alternated back and forth". The dances that emerged during this period were the Lindy hop; the Charleston is "characterized by its toes-in, heels-out twisting steps". It can be done with any number of people; the Lindy hop was a wild and spontaneous partner dance, rhythmically conscious. When the Great Depression began in October of 1929, many people turned to dance; because of this, the Charleston and the Lindy hop are now considered to be under the umbrella term "swing dance" because they were most popular during the swing era of music.
Jacqui Malone distinguishes between dances such as the Lindy hop in the 1930s and Bob Fosse's choreography in a Broadway musical such as Chicago in the 1970s, though the term "jazz dance" has been applied to both. She uses terms such as "vernacular dance" and "classic jazz dance" to refer to the former. Referring to the latter, she follows Marshall and Jean Sterns in using the term "modern jazz dance"; the Stearns drew attention to Shuffle Along, an all-black Broadway revue with Josephine Baker that started in 1921 and toured American cities for two years. Buddy Bradley choreographed black musicals in 1920s and 1930s and with Jack Cole, who choreographed the movies Kismet and Gentleman Prefer Blondes. Cole influenced. Gwen Verdon was a student of Cole, she danced in the musical Chicago in 1975. Twenty years Chicago was revived on Broadway, Ann Reinking repeated some of the Fosse style; this style of jazz dance has been linked with Gower Champion, Michael Kidd, Jerome Robbins. The emphasis on sexuality in this kind of dancing led Martha Graham to say it belongs to the "House of Pelvic Truth".
White choreographers on Broadway began using vernacular jazz movements as early as 1913, setting the choreography in all or white casts shows. In 1913, Florenz Ziegfeld Jr. of the Ziegfeld Follies purchased the finale to The Darktown Follies, a show choreographed and performed by an all African American cast and made it the finale of this show opening on the New Amsterdam Theater. In the 1920s and 30s African American women who starred in the musical stages revues of New York further popularized jazz dance vocabulary, as well as radical images of free, satirical, gender-bending female independence. Eugene Louis Faccuito created the Luigi Technique consisting of "highly stylized, continuously flowing movements that developed the technique and style for the combinations that followed". Cole's style has been called hip and cool". Fosse combined "vaudeville, magic shows, nightclubs and Broadway musicals". Contemporary jazz became well known because of shows. Mia Michaels's earlier work exemplifies this style.
Some other companies and choreographers that create contemporary jazz dance are Sonya Tayeh, Mandy Moore, Hubbard Street Dance Chicago. Commercial jazz, popular since the 1980s, combines aspects of hip hop and jazz and is done to pop music; this style can be seen in the music videos of Paula Abdul. Commercial jazz includes more "tricks." Commercial jazz and contemporary jazz are both seen at dance competitions. Another variety of jazz is Latin jazz. "Maria Torres developed and popularized the fusion at Broadway Dance Center". Latin jazz has an emphasis on the movement of isolations, it can be seen in the films El Dance with Me, as well as on TV dance shows. Jack Cole influenced Matt Mattox, Bob Fosse, Jerome Robbins, Gwen Verdon, Duplicate word removedis credited with popularizing the theatrical form of jazz dance with his great number of choreographic works on television and Broadway. Katherine Dunham is an anthropologist and pioneer in black theatrical dance who introduced isolations jazz dance.
Eugene Louis Faccuito known as Luigi, was an American jazz dancer, teacherm choreographer, creator of the first codified jazz technique, the Luigi Technique. Bob Fosse and film director, revo
King of Pain
"King of Pain" is a song by English rock band The Police, released as the final single from their fifth and final studio album Synchronicity. Written by the band's lead singer and bassist Sting as a post-separation song from his wife, "King of Pain" conjures up symbols of pain and relates them to a man's soul. A&M Records released "King of Pain" as the album's fourth single in the UK, while in many other countries it was released as the second single; the song received acclaim from music critics, many of whom praised Sting's lyrics and cited the song as a highlight from Synchronicity. It reached No. 3 in the US Billboard Hot 100 chart in October 1983, No. 1 on the Billboard Top Tracks chart for five weeks in August 1983. In the United Kingdom, it reached No. 17 in January 1984. Multiple artists have covered "King of Pain". Canadian singer-songwriter Alanis Morissette covered the track for her MTV Unplugged album and released it as the second single from the album. "King of Pain" was released as the second single in the US and the fourth single in the UK, taken from their fifth and final album, Synchronicity.
The song was released. Sting's fascination with Carl Jung and, to a greater extent, Arthur Koestler inspired him to write the track; as a Hungarian-born novelist who resided in England, Koestler was enthralled with parapsychology and the unexplained workings of the mind. A music video was only released in Australia. "King of Pain" was written by Sting, while production was done by The Hugh Padgham. The song was inspired by his then-recent separation from his first wife, he remarked, "I related them to my soul. A black spot on the sun struck me as being a painful image, I felt, my soul up there on there on the sun. It's just projecting your state into the world of symbolism, what poetry's all about, really." It was something I said. I'd just left my first wife – a painful break – and I went to Jamaica to try and pull myself together. I was fortunate to be able to go to Jamaica, I have to say, stayed at this nice house and was looking at the sun one day. I was with Trudie, now my current wife and said'Look, there's a little black spot on the sun today'.
And there's a pause. I said,'That's my soul up there'. I was full of hyperbole. I said that! I went back in and wrote it down on a piece of stuff, wrote some other stuff; the song received acclaim from music critics. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic picked the song as a highlight from the album, writing that "King of Pain" and "Wrapped Around Your Finger", "are devilishly infectious new wave singles." Sputnikmusic website picked it as an "essential track", writing that "King of Pain", "Every Breath You Take" and "Wrapped Around Your Finger", "rely on gorgeous, understated melodies, embracing the primary sonic overtones encompassing the record." Michael Roffman of Consequence of Sound chose the track as "one of his personal favorite Sting-led tracks," pairing it next to his other works like "If I Ever Lose My Faith in You" or "Fields of Gold". The song was a success in the United States, peaking at No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and No. 1 on the Mainstream Rock chart, while reaching No.
33 on the Adult Contemporary chart. "King of Pain" entered Canada's RPM chart at No. 48, on the edition of 20 August 1983. The song climbed to No. 1 on the edition of 15 October 1983. Elsewhere, the song performed modestly. In the United Kingdom, the song reached No. 17, one of the lowest charting-singles since their first single, "Fall Out". In Ireland, the song proved to be more successful, reaching No. 7, becoming their third top-ten single. In Belgium and Germany, the song became their lowest charting-single. "King of Pain" – 4:59 "Tea in the Sahara" – 5:05 "King of Pain" – 4:59 "Someone to Talk To" – 3:08 "King of Pain" – 4:59 "Once upon a Daydream" – 3:28 "King of Pain" – 4:59 "Tea in the Sahara" – 5:05 Sting – lead and backing vocals, bass guitar, synthesizers Andy Summers – electric guitars Stewart Copeland – drums, percussion Canadian singer-songwriter Alanis Morissette covered "King of Pain" for her MTV Unplugged album, on 18 September 1999. The song was released as the album's second single on 19 April 2000.
Morissette shifted the word "king" to "queen" towards the end of the track. Critics gave the track favourable reviews, with some calling a "tender" ballad, others naming it outstanding; the song only managed to chart in Netherlands. "King of Pain" was one of the songs Alanis selected to perform on her MTV Unplugged special on 18 September 1999. "King of Pain" was released as the second single from the album on 19 April 2000. The CD Single features "King of Pain" and three songs recorded for the Unplugged special, but not included on the album: "Thank U", "Baba" and "Your House". Neva Chonin of Rolling Stone wrote that "songs with lusher orchestral backdrops – "You Oughta Know," "Uninvited" and the Police's "King of Pain" – still carry lengthy, vocalcentric intros." Beth Johnson of Entertainment Weekly called it " a tender cover". Chris Massey of PopMatters called it a "folksy cover which comes across exceedingly well." Massey commented that, "Sting's haunting vocals on the original song by The Police are overshadowed by the chilling vocals of Alanis herself —almost.
When the band kicks in – the bass is overpowering – and Alanis belts out the familiar chorus'I have stood here before inside the pouring rain / With the world turning circles, running around my brain,' the power is outstanding." "King of Pain" (MTV
Van Nuys is a neighborhood in the central San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California. Home to Van Nuys Airport and the Valley Municipal Building, it is the most populous neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley. In 1909 the Suburban Homes Company, a syndicate led by H. J. Whitley, general manager of the Board of Control, along with Harry Chandler, H. G. Otis, M. H. Sherman and O. F. Brandt purchased 48,000 acres of the Farming and Milling Company for $2,500,000. Henry E. Huntington, extended his Pacific Electric Railway through the Valley to Owensmouth; the Suburban Home Company laid out plans for roads and the towns of Van Nuys and Canoga Park. The rural areas were annexed into the city of Los Angeles in 1915. On April 2, 1915 H. J. Whitley purchased the Suburban Home Company so that he would have complete control for finishing the development; the town was named for Isaac Newton Van Nuys, one of its developers. It was annexed by Los Angeles on May 22, 1915, after completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct, providing it with the water required for further growth.
Van Nuys was the first new stop on the San Fernando Line of the Pacific Electric Railway red cars system, which boosted its early land sales and commercial success. Van Nuys became the Valley's satellite Los Angeles municipal civic center with the 1932 Art Deco Valley Municipal Building, a visual landmark and Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, starting the present-day Government Center complex of government services buildings. In 1991, Marvin Braude, a member of the Los Angeles City Council, redesignated a 45-block area of Van Nuys as a part of Sherman Oaks; this redesignated area included the community of Magnolia Woods. Some area residents had presented a petition and several original deeds that stated "Sherman Oaks" to Braude, they argued that the area was a part of Sherman Oaks until the 1960s, when ZIP Codes labeling the area as Van Nuys were established. In October 2005, the Metro Orange Line opened with two stations. In 2014, a "Great Streets" project was introduced by Mayor Eric Garcetti with Van Nuys Blvd. to be redesigned between Victory Blvd. and Oxnard Street.
Sepulveda Blvd. was resurfaced between Victory Blvd and Oxnard Street in May 2014. A new Los Angeles County family services building was built on the southwest corner of Van Nuys Blvd. and Saticoy Street in 2016. In 2017, a new Los Angeles Fire Department fire station is under construction on the northwestern corner of Oxnard St and Vesper Ave. Van Nuys is bordered on the north by North Hills, on the northeast by Panorama City, on the east by Valley Glen, on the south by Sherman Oaks, on the southwest by the Sepulveda Basin, on the west by Lake Balboa, on the northwest by Northridge, its street and other boundaries are Roscoe Boulevard on the north, Sepulveda Boulevard, the Tujunga Wash, Woodman Avenue and Hazeltine Avenue on the east, Oxnard Street on the south, the Sepulveda Basin on the southwest and Odessa and Hayvenhurst avenues and Balboa Boulevard on the west. The 2000 U. S. census counted 136,443 residents in the 8.99-square-mile Van Nuys neighborhood—or 11,542 people per square mile.
In 2000, the median age for residents was 28, considered young for city and county neighborhoods, the percentages of residents aged 10 or younger and 19 to 34 were among the highest in Los Angeles County. The neighborhood was considered "moderately diverse" ethnically within Los Angeles; the breakdown was Hispanics, 60.5%. Mexico and El Salvador were the most common places of birth for the 49.8% of the residents who were born abroad—a high percentage for Los Angeles. There were 4,917 families headed by single parents or 21.3%, considered high for both the city and the county. The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $41,134, considered average for the city, but low for the county; the percentages of households that earned $40,000 or less were high for the county. Renters occupied 73.9% of the housing stock, house- or apartment-owners held 26.1%. Van Nuys Boulevard has a long and diverse commercial district along it, as do other major streets crossing through Van Nuys. There are two Target stores in Van Nuys, one on Sepulveda and Hatteras and another on Raymer and Noble.
Van Nuys has two Asian supermarkets, one on Sherman Way and White Oak, one on Sepulveda and Victory. From 1947 until 1992, GM operated an automobile factory called Van Nuys Assembly at Van Nuys Boulevard and Arminta Street to augment their production efforts at their South Gate, California factory called South Gate Assembly, which opened in 1936; the Van Nuys location manufactured the Chevrolet Impala and Corvair and was the primary location for the Nova and the Camaro. Badge engineered versions of the Impala and Camaro were manufactured at this location. Due to air quality remediation efforts and decreasing market share of GM products, the factory was closed. Sound City Studios is a well-respected recording studio in Van Nuys. Van Nuys, along with Chatsworth, is home to numerous pornographic movie studios and manufacturers. Grupo TACA operates a Van Nuys-area TACA Center at 6710 Van Nuys Boulevard. Various parts of the movie Terminator were filmed here; some former Van Nuys neighborhoods have won approval by the Los Angeles City Council to break off from Van Nuys and join the neighboring communities of Lake Balboa, Valley Glen, Sherman Oaks in an effort to raise their property values.
City Council member Tony Cardenas "suggested the change was motivated by racism." The Los Angeles Fire Department operates Station 39, Station 90 Van Nuys Airport Area, Station 100 West Van Nuys, Station 102 East Van Nuys, serving the community. The Los An
I Drove All Night
"I Drove All Night" is a song written and composed by American songwriters Billy Steinberg and Tom Kelly and made famous by American singer Cyndi Lauper. The song was intended for Roy Orbison, who recorded it in 1987, the year before his death, but his version was not released until 1992, after Lauper's version became a top 10 hit on both sides of the Atlantic in 1989; the song has been covered by Pinmonkey and Celine Dion among others. "I Drove All Night" was recorded by Cyndi Lauper for her third solo album, A Night To Remember. Lauper said she wanted to do it because she liked the idea "of a woman driving, of a woman in control." The song was a top 10 pop hit in the United States—and was her last U. S. top 40 single to date, peaking at number 6 on the Billboard Hot 100, a hit in other countries. It received a Grammy Award nomination for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance; the music video for "I Drove All Night", directed by Scott Kalvert and Cyndi Lauper, features shots of an antique car, Lauper's characteristically manic dancing, movie film projected onto Lauper's naked body.
7" / Cassette / US CD / Japan CD A. "I Drove All Night" - 4:08 B. "Maybe He'll Know" - 3:4112" / Europe Maxi CD / UK CD A. "I Drove All Night" - 4:08 B1. "Maybe He'll Know" - 3:41 B2. "Boy Blue" - 5:36UK Limited Edition Picture Disc CD "I Drove All Night" - 4:08 "What's Going On" - 6:35 "Maybe He'll Know" - 3:41 "Time After Time" - 3:53 Jeff Lynne sampled Roy Orbison's 1987 recordings for the 1992 posthumous album King of Hearts, of which "I Drove All Night" was one of the tracks. However, Orbison's version of the song first appeared on the 1991 compilation album Nintendo: White Knuckle Scorin', it was released as a single in 1992. The song was a significant hit in the United Kingdom, reaching number 7 on the UK Singles Chart, matching the peak position of Lauper's version three years earlier. King of Hearts and "I Drove All Night" were well received in the United States, returning Orbison to the Billboard charts and receiving a Grammy Award. A music video featuring Jason Priestley and Jennifer Connelly was made for the single.
The song is featured in the film Paperback Hero starring Hugh Jackman. "I Drove All Night" was recorded by Celine Dion for her eighth English-language studio album, One Heart, released as the lead single on 3 March 2003. The song was featured in a promotional ad for Chrysler; the "I Drove All Night" music video was directed by Peter Arnell and released in February 2003. It was included on the United Kingdom enhanced double A-side single "One Heart/I Drove All Night"; the song was commercially successful, reaching number 1 for five weeks in Canada, while topping the charts in Belgium and Sweden. In 2003, Chrysler signed Dion to a $14 million deal to endorse their cars, they were looking for a song to release as a single. Billy Steinberg knew Dion and had written "Falling into You,", the title track of her 1996 album, he sent a copy of Roy Orbison's version of "I Drove All Night" to her record company, who loved it and had Dion record it with Swedish producer Peer Astrom. She used the song in her Las Vegas show and it became the centerpiece of the Chrysler campaign.
The commercials were great exposure for the song and helped sell many albums, but they did not sell enough cars. Chrysler pulled out of the deal after many of their dealers complained and it became clear the ads were not working. In Dion's version, "I Drove All Night" is dance-pop, it was considered "a little bit dance-club, a little bit rock & roll." Lyrically, she recalls a feverish trek for sexual gratification. She sings in the first verse, "Maybe I should have called you first, but I was dying to get to you/I was dreaming while I drove the long, straight road ahead." In the chorus, she sings, "Woke you from your sleep to make love to you/Is that all right?/I drove all night." In the second verse, Dion duplicates a line. Instead of singing, "no matter where I go I hear the beating of our heart," Dion sings, "our one heart,", where the title of the album the song is featured on gets its name. Like the original, the chorus is sung again twice. Dion's version of "I Drove All Night" is set in the key of G♯ minor.
It features a moderately fast tempo of 135 beats per minute, her vocals span from F♯3 to E5. The song received positive reviews from music critics. AllMusic senior editor Stephen Thomas Erlewine noticed that the song was "a tongue-in-cheek, neo-house cover" and picked it as one of the best tracks on the album, alongside the title track and "Have You Ever Been in Love." Rebecca Wallwork wrote a positive review for Amazon, calling it "the car-commercial-driven tempo," while Jam!'s Darryl Sterdan named it "a Cher-style eurodisco." Slant Magazine's Sal Cinquemani echoed the same thought, saying that "she gets the Cher treatment on the blazing cover." People's Chuck Arnold wrote that in the song, Dion "shows surprising restraint for a diva who just had a coliseum custom-built for her."The Guardian's Betty Clarke wrote a negative review, saying: "Her cover of Roy Orbison's "I Drove All Night" is full of reverberating notes and sultry asides, but reveals a fundamental lack of sincerity that renders her threatening when she is trying for tender."
David Browne of EW gave this cover C+, calling her delivery'frigid' without over-singing it. He called the arrangement "blandly competent." In Canada, the song debuted straight at number one on the Canadian Hot 100 chart and spent 5 consecutive weeks at the top. "I Drove All Night" was Dion's third airplay-only single that charted on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number 45. The commercial single was released five month
Céline Marie Claudette Dion ChLD is a Canadian singer. Born into a large family from Charlemagne, she emerged as a teen star in her homeland with a series of French-language albums during the 1980s, she first gained international recognition by winning both the 1982 Yamaha World Popular Song Festival and the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest, where she represented Switzerland. After learning to speak English, she signed on to Epic Records in the United States. In 1990, Dion released her debut English-language album, establishing herself as a viable pop artist in North America and other English-speaking areas of the world. During the 1990s, she achieved worldwide fame after releasing several best-selling English albums, such as Falling into You and Let's Talk About Love, which were both certified diamond in the US, she scored a series of international number-one hits, including "The Power of Love", "Think Twice", "Because You Loved Me", "It's All Coming Back to Me Now", "My Heart Will Go On", "I'm Your Angel".
Dion continued releasing French albums between each English record. During the 2000s, she built her reputation as a successful live performer with A New Day... in Las Vegas Strip, which remains the highest-grossing concert residency of all time, as well as the Taking Chances World Tour, one of the highest-grossing concert tours of all time. Dion's music has been influenced by genres, ranging from R&B to gospel and classical, her recordings are in French and English, although she sings in Spanish, German, Latin and Mandarin Chinese. While her releases have received mixed critical reception, she is regarded as one of pop music's most influential voices, she has won five Grammy Awards, including Record of the Year. Billboard named her the "Queen of Adult Contemporary" for having the most number ones on the radio format for a female artist, she is the second best-selling female artist in the US during the Nielsen SoundScan era. In 2003, she was honoured by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry for selling over 50 million albums in Europe.
She remains the best-selling Canadian artist and one of the best-selling artists of all time with record sales of over 200 million copies worldwide. Dion was born in Charlemagne, Quebec, 15 miles northeast of Montreal, the youngest of 14 children of Thérèse, a homemaker, Adhémar Dion, a butcher, both of French-Canadian descent, she was raised a Roman Catholic in a poor, but, by her own account, happy home in Charlemagne. Music had always been a major part of the Dion family, she was named after the song "Céline", which French singer Hugues Aufray had recorded two years before her own birth. On 13 August 1973, at the age of five, the young Céline made her first public appearance at her brother Michel's wedding, where she performed Christine Charbonneau's song "Du fil des aiguilles et du coton", she continued to perform with her siblings in her parents' small piano bar called Le Vieux Baril, "The Old Barrel". From an early age, she had dreamed of being a performer. In a 1994 interview with People magazine, she recalled, "I missed my family and my home, but I don't regret having lost my adolescence.
I had one dream: I wanted to be a singer." At age 12, she collaborated with her mother and her brother Jacques to write and compose her first song, "Ce n'était qu'un rêve", whose title translates as "It Was Only a Dream" or "Nothing But A Dream". Her brother Michel sent the recording to music manager René Angélil, whose name he discovered on the back of a Ginette Reno album. Angélil was decided to make her a star. In 1981, he mortgaged his home to fund her first record, La voix du bon Dieu, which became a local No. 1 hit and made her an instant star in Quebec. Her popularity spread to other parts of the world when she competed in the 1982 Yamaha World Popular Song Festival in Tokyo and won the musician's award for "Top Performer" as well as the gold medal for "Best Song" with "Tellement j'ai d'amour pour toi". By 1983, in addition to becoming the first Canadian artist to receive a gold record in France for the single "D'amour ou d'amitié", Dion had won several Félix Awards, including "Best Female performer" and "Discovery of the Year".
Further success came when she represented Switzerland in the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi" and won the contest by a close margin in Dublin, Ireland. At age eighteen, after seeing a Michael Jackson performance, Dion told Angélil that she wanted to be a star like Jackson. Though confident in her talent, Angélil realized that her image needed to be changed for her to be marketed worldwide, she receded from the spotlight for a number of months, during which she underwent dental surgery to improve her appearance, was sent to the École Berlitz in 1989 to polish her English. In 1989, during a concert on the Incognito tournée, she injured her voice, she consulted the otorhinolaryngologist William Gould, who gave her an ultimatum: have immediate surgery on her vocal cords or do not utilize them at all for three weeks. Dion underwent vocal training with William Riley. Two years after she learned English, Dion made her debut into the Anglophone market with Unison, the lead single having been recorded by Laura Branigan.
She incorporated the help of many established musicians, including Vito Luprano and Canadian producer David Foster. The album was la
The Black Eyed Peas
The Black Eyed Peas is an American musical group, consisting of rappers will.i.am, apl.de.ap, Taboo. An alternative hip hop group, they subsequently changed their musical sound to pop and dance-pop music. Although the group was founded in Los Angeles in 1995, it was not until the release of their third album, Elephunk, in 2003, that they achieved high record sales. Since that time, the group has sold an estimated 76 million records, making them one of the world's best-selling groups of all time; as of 2011, according to Nielsen SoundScan, the Black Eyed Peas were the second-best-selling artist/group of all time for downloaded tracks, behind Rihanna, with over 42 million sales. Their first major hit was the 2003 single "Where Is the Love?" from Elephunk, which topped the charts in 13 countries, including the United Kingdom, where it spent seven weeks at number one and went on to become Britain's biggest selling single of 2003. Another European hit single from the album was "Shut Up", their fourth album, Monkey Business, was an bigger worldwide success, certified 4× Platinum in the U.
S. and spawning four singles, "Don't Phunk with My Heart", "Don't Lie", "My Humps", "Pump It". In 2009, the group became one of only 11 artists to have held the No. 1 and No. 2 spots on the Billboard Hot 100, with their singles "Boom Boom Pow" and "I Gotta Feeling", which topped the chart for an unprecedented 26 consecutive weeks. This album The E. N. D produced a third Hot 100 number-one placement with "Imma Be", making the group one of few to place three number one singles on the chart from the same album, before being followed with "Rock That Body" and "Meet Me Halfway", which peaked in the Top 10 of the Hot 100. "I Gotta Feeling" became the first single to sell more than one million downloads in the United Kingdom. The Black Eyed Peas were ranked 12th on Billboard's Decade-End Chart Artist of the Decade, 7th in the Hot 100 Artists of the Decade. At the 52nd Grammy Awards ceremony, held in January 2010, they won three awards out of six nominations. In November 2010, they released the album The Beginning.
In February 2011, the group performed at the Super Bowl XLV halftime show. The Black Eyed Peas date back to 1988, when eighth-graders William Adams and Allan Pineda met and began rapping and performing together around Los Angeles; the pair signed to Ruthless Records in 1992, catching the attention of Eazy-E manager Jerry Heller's nephew. Along with another friend of theirs, Dante Santiago, they called their trio Atban Klann. Will 1X, apl.de.ap, Mookie Mook, DJ Motiv8, Dante Santiago formed Atban Klann. Their debut album, Grass Roots, was never released due to Ruthless Records founder Eazy-E's death. After Eazy-E died in 1995, Atban Klann reformed and changed their name to Black Eyed Pods, Black Eyed Peas. Dante Santiago was replaced with rapper, Jaime Gomez, Kim Hill a singer which featured on a selected number of their tracks. Santiago continued to be a background singer for the group. Unlike the "gangsta rap" sounds of Los Angeles-based hip hop acts at the time, the trio performed with a live band and adopted a conscious musical and appearance style.
After being signed to Interscope Records and releasing their debut, Behind the Front the group earned critical acclaim. One of the singles from the album was "Joints & Jam", was featured on the Bulworth soundtrack. Singer Sierra Swan joined in 1998, appearing on the 1998 song "Fallin' Up", before she left in 2000, their second album, Bridging the Gap, produced the singles "Weekends" featuring Esthero and "Request + Line" featuring R&B singer Macy Gray. Hill left the band while producing the album, but was still featured on the album tracks for "Hot" and "Tell Your Mama Come" as well as in the video for "Weekends", their third album Elephunk began development on November 2, 2001, but was not released until 2003. It was the first album to feature the vocals of subsequent longtime member Fergie. Nicole Scherzinger was approached to join the Peas, but was forced to decline because she was a member of Eden's Crush and was under contract. Fergie joined the group in 2002, introduced to will.i.am by Dante Santiago.
Elephunk is the first album that indicated and demonstrated the new, polished pop sound designed to attract mass audiences. In a positive review of the Black Eyed Peas' new-found style, Rolling Stone noted that since 2002, when the group "hired a blond bombshell named Stacy'Fergie' Ferguson and gave up their pursuit of backpack-rapper cred, they have made a kind of spiritual practice of recording futuristic songs – a total aesthetic commitment that extends from their garish wardrobes to their United Colors of Benetton worldview."From Elephunk came "Where Is the Love?", which became the Black Eyed Peas' first major hit, peaking at No.8 on the U. S. Hot 100, but topping the charts in several other countries, including seven weeks at No.1 in the United Kingdom, where it became the biggest-selling single of 2003. The single had similar results in Australia. In an interview with TalkofFame.com, Taboo shared that Justin Timberlake's split with Britney Spears impacted the recording of "Where Is The Love?".
The album subsequently spawned "Shut Up", which peaked at No.2 in the UK and topped the charts in many success and went Gold and Platinum in the U. S. UK, other European markets; the third single from the album, although restyled from the original Elephunk version, "Hey Mama" hit the top 5 in Australia and the top 10 in the UK, Germany and other European countries and reached No