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Nick O'Malley

Nicholas Edward O'Malley is a British musician, best known as the bass guitarist and backing vocalist of English band Arctic Monkeys. O'Malley states that he picked up the bass guitar at the age of 16, after ambitions to play the drums and guitar were rejected by his father. Before joining Arctic Monkeys, O'Malley played the bass guitar in local garage rock band The Dodgems. O'Malley was drafted in as a temporary replacement for bassist Andy Nicholson when the latter announced he would not make the band's North America tour in May 2006, while working at Asda. O'Malley says that he learned the whole of the band's debut album in two days of intensive play where he "pretty much didn't leave the house", his first recordings with the band were on their non-album single "Leave Before the Lights Come On", in which he played bass guitar. His first appearance with the band came on 25 May, when the band played a secret gig at the Old Blue Last pub in east London; the 120 capacity venue was seen as an opportunity for O'Malley to have a test run before the band's first North American gig in Vancouver on 27 May and festival dates in front of fifteen to twenty thousand people.

O'Malley broke his hand following some drunken antics with his former Dodgems bandmates only a week after agreeing to fill in for Nicholson—"As we were walking home from the pub, our roadie grabbed him and pulled him over our neighbour's wall. It's quite high and he landed on his right hand." Dodgems singer Phillip Goodwin was quoted as saying on Angry Ape. However, despite being his plectrum-hand he was still able to play the bass and joined the band in the successful tour. Although O'Malley was only expected to continue until Nicholson had recovered, Nicholson's departure from the band saw the announcement that O'Malley will become a full member of the band; as he became a full-time member, he stated in an interview with Q TV that he had known the band prior to him joining them: "It never felt like such a big pressure thing." Fender Precision Bass Epiphone Jack Casady Signature Bass – Used on "Why'd You Only Call Me When You're High?" Rickenbacker 3000 Gretsch Broadkaster Fender Jazz Burns Sonic Bass 1962 Reburst Ashdown CTM-300 Ampeg SVT-VR Skychord Truck Loud Overdrive Electro-Harmonix Micro POG Zvex Woolly Mammoth Fuzz

Security event manager

Security event management, the related SIM and SIEM, are computer security disciplines that use data inspection tools to centralize the storage and interpretation of logs or events generated by other software running on a network. The acronyms SEM, SIM and SIEM have sometimes been used interchangeably, but refer to the different primary focus of products: Log management: Focus on simple collection and storage of log messages and audit trails Security information management: Long-term storage as well as analysis and reporting of log data. Security event manager: Real-time monitoring, correlation of events and console views. Security information and event management: Combines SIM and SEM and provides real-time analysis of security alerts generated by network hardware and applications. In practice many products in this area will have a mix of these functions, so there will be some overlap – and many commercial vendors promote their own terminology. Many systems and applications which run on a computer network generate events which are kept in event logs.

These logs are lists of activities that occurred, with records of new events being appended to the end of the logs as they occur. Protocols, such as syslog and SNMP, can be used to transport these events, as they occur, to logging software, not on the same host on which the events are generated; the better SEMs provide a flexible array of supported communication protocols to allow for the broadest range of event collection. It is beneficial to send all events to a centralized SEM system for the following reasons: Access to all logs can be provided through a consistent central interface; the SEM can provide secure, forensically sound storage and archival of event logs. Powerful reporting tools can be run on the SEM to mine the logs for useful information. Events can be parsed as they hit the SEM for significance, alerts and notifications can be sent out to interested parties as warranted. Related events which occur on multiple systems can be detected which would be difficult to detect if each system had a separate log.

Events which are sent from a system to a SEM remain on the SEM if the sending system fails or the logs on it are accidentally or intentionally erased. Although centralised logging has existed for long time, SEMs are a new idea, pioneered in 1999 by a small company called E-Security, are still evolving rapidly; the key feature of a Security Event Management tool is the ability to analyse the collected logs to highlight events or behaviors of interest, for example an Administrator or Super User logon, outside of normal business hours. This may include attaching contextual information, such as host information, identity information, so forth; this contextual information can be leveraged to provide better correlation and reporting capabilities and is referred to as Meta-data. Products may integrate with external remediation and workflow tools to assist with the process of incident resolution; the better SEMs will provide a flexible, extensible set of integration capabilities to ensure that the SEM will work with most customer environments.

SEMs are sold to help satisfy U. S. regulatory requirements such as those of Sarbanes-Oxley, PCI-DSS, GLBA. One of the major problems in the SEM space is the difficulty in analyzing event data; every vendor, indeed in many cases different products by one vendor, uses a different proprietary event data format and delivery method. In cases where a "standard" is used for some part of the chain, like Syslog, the standards don't contain enough guidance to assist developers in how to generate events, administrators in how to gather them and reliably, consumers to analyze them effectively; as an attempt to combat this problem, a couple parallel standardization efforts are underway. First, The Open Group is updating their circa 1997 XDAS standard, which never made it past draft status; this new effort, dubbed XDAS v2, will attempt to formalize an event format including which data should be included in events and how it should be expressed. The XDAS v2 standard will not include event delivery standards but other standards in development by the Distributed Management Task Force may provide a wrapper.

In addition, MITRE developed efforts to unify event reporting with the Common Event Expression, somewhat broader in scope as it attempted to define an event structure as well as delivery methods. The project, ran out of funding in 2014. Computer security incident management Security information management Comparison of network monitoring systems Security information and event management SIEM Analytics List of top SIEM and Event Log Manager Tools

United Nations Security Council Resolution 575

United Nations Security Council resolution 575, adopted on 17 October 1985, after recalling previous resolutions on the topic, as well as studying the report by the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon approved in 426, the Council decided to extend the mandate of UNIFIL for a further six months until 19 April 1986. The Council reemphasised the mandate of the Force and requested the Secretary-General to report back on the progress made with regard to the implementation of resolutions 425 and 426; the resolution was adopted by 13 votes to none, with two abstentions from the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and Soviet Union. Blue Line Israeli–Lebanese conflict Lebanese Civil War List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 501 to 600 South Lebanon conflict Text of the Resolution at undocs.org Works related to United Nations Security Council Resolution 575 at Wikisource

Josephine Kulea

Josephine Kulea is a Kenyan women's rights campaigner. Rescued from female genital mutilation and forced marriage as a child, she has since set up the Samburu Girls Foundation, which has saved more than 1,000 girls from similar practices. Kulea was recognised as an "unsung heroine" by US ambassador to Kenya Michael Ranneberger in 2011. Josephine Kulea grew up among the Samburu people in Kenya; the area has a tradition of "beading", whereby male relatives give young girls beaded necklaces, force them to undergo female genital mutilation, are able to have sex with them. Any children born from these arrangements are killed after birth. Kulea was saved from this practice and a child marriage by a local priest, sent to boarding school in Meru, with the blessing of her parents. After her father died two years her uncles wished to force her to marry, but her mother refused and made sure she stayed at school. Kulea went on to attend a boarding secondary school and the Mathari Consolata Nursing School in Nyeri.

After graduating as a nurse, Kulea refused an arranged marriage to a businessman. Her nursing training taught her that FGM was not a usual practice, that its use in Samburu did not accord with the situation in other communities. Kulea received funding in 2008 to help her to rescue other girls from Samuru and Isiolo. One of the first rescues she carried out was of her two cousins, one of whom was to be married at the age of 10, her sister who, at the age of 7, had been made to replace her, she managed to have her uncles. Kulea founded the Samburu Girls Foundation in 2012, by September of that year it had rescued 56 girls and helped to arrange their secondary education. Additionally, thirteen of the girls' babies had been placed into children's homes. Kulea works alongside the wife of Samburu West MP Simeon Lesrima, she relies on a network of informants to let them know. She hosts a radio programme to raise awareness of the illegal practices and inform people of her foundation. By the end of 2016, she is said to have saved more than 1,000 girls from FGM and forced marriage.

Kulea and the foundation are opposed by some politicians and churches, who are afraid of losing votes or members, has been subject to threats and curses from community elders. Her favourite quote is: “When you educate a man, you educate an individual; when you educate a woman, you educate a nation.” By James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey

Ekkehart Malotki

Ekkehart Malotki is a German-American linguist, known for his extensive work on the documentation of the Hopi language and culture for his refutation of the myth that the Hopi have no concept of time. He is professor emeritus at Northern Arizona University, he studied with philosopher and linguist Helmut Gipper at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität at Münster and his early work was a continuation of his mentor's. Malotki conducted four years of research on the Third Mesa, studying Hopi spatial and temporal reference, he published one in German, Hopi-Raum and one in English, Hopi Time. Subsequently he published a large number of myths in the Hopi language, his work has been described as beginning a new phase of ethnographic study in which Hopi discourse was made available in their own language. He was a principal data constructer and co-editor of the great Hopi Dictionary: Hopìikwa Lavàytutuveni, he supplied the Hopi subtitles for the Qatsi trilogy

Unetice culture

The Únětice culture is an archaeological culture at the start of the Central European Bronze Age, dated to about 2300–1600 BC. The eponymous site for this culture, the village of Únětice, is located in the central Czech Republic, northwest of Prague. Today, the Únětice culture is known from about 1,400 sites in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, 550 sites in Poland, and, in Germany, about 500 sites and loose finds locations; the Únětice culture is known from north-eastern Austria, from western Ukraine. The Únětice culture originated in the territories of contemporary Bohemia. Ten local sub-groups can be distinguished in its classical phase: Bohemia Group Moravia Group Slovakia Group. At about the same time, the first Úněticean burial ground was unearthed in Southern Moravia in Měnín by A. Rzehak. Following these initial discoveries and until the 1930s, many more sites cemeteries, were identified, including Němčice nad Hanou, sites in vicinity of Prague, Šardičky. In Germany, a Úněticean barrow in Leubingen had been excavated by F. Klopfleisch in 1877.

In subsequent years, a main cluster of Úněticean sites in Central Germany was identified at Baalberge, Nienstedt, Körner, Halberstadt, Klein Quenstedt, Wernigerode and Quedlinburg. At the same time and Straubing groups were defined in 1918 by Schumacher. In Poland, the first archaeologist associated with the discovery and identification of the Únětice culture was Hans Seger. Seger not only discovered several Úněticean sites and supervised pioneering excavations in locations such as Przecławice, but he linked Bohemian European Bronze Age materials with similar assemblages in Lower Silesia. In Greater Poland, the first excavations at royal Úněticean necropolis of Łęki Małe were undertaken by Józef Kostrzewski in 1931, but major archaeological discoveries at this site were made only years in 1953 and 1955. In 1935 Kostrzewski published the first data and findings of the Iwno culture, another Bronze Age culture contemporaneous with the Únětice EBA, from Western Poland. In 1960 Wanda Sarnowska began excavations in Szczepankowice near Wrocław, southwest Poland, where a new group of barrows was unearthed.

In 1969 she published a new monograph on the Únětice culture in which she cataloged and described assemblages deriving from 373 known EBA Úněticean sites in Poland. The first unified chronological system based on a typology of ceramics and metal artefacts for the Únětice culture in Bohemia was introduced by Moucha in 1963; this chronological system consisting of six sub-phases was considered valid for the Bohemian groups of the Únětice culture, was adapted in Poland and in Germany. The Únětice culture has been cited as a pan-European cultural phenomenon whose influence covered large areas due to intensive exchange, with Únětice pottery and bronze artefacts found from Ireland to Scandinavia, the Italian Peninsula, the Balkans; as such, it is candidate for a late community connecting a continuum of scattered North-West Indo-European languages ancestral to Italic and Germanic, Balto-Slavic, where words were exchanged and a common lexicon and certain regional isoglosses were shared. The culture corresponds to Bronze A1 and A2 in the chronological schema of Paul Reinecke: A1: 2300–1950 BC: triangular daggers, flat axes, stone wrist-guards, flint arrowheads A2: 1950–1700 BC: daggers with metal hilt, flanged axes, pins with perforated spherical heads, solid bracelets The culture is distinguished by its characteristic metal objects, including ingot torcs, flat axes, flat triangular daggers, bracelets with spiral ends, disk- and paddle-headed pins, curl rings, which are distributed over a wide area of Central Europe and beyond.

The ingots are found in hoards. Axe-hoards are common as well: the hoard of Dieskau contained 293 flanged axes. Thus, axes might have served as ingots as well. After about 2000 BC, this hoarding tradition is only resumed in the urnfield period; these hoards have been interpreted as a form of storage by itinerant bronze-founders or as riches hidden because of enemy action. This second interpretation is as today weapons are hoarded underground to hide them from the enemy and axes were the primary weapon at that time. Hoards containing jewellery are typical for the Adlerberg group. Archaeological evidence suggests that the Únětice metal industry, though active and innovative, was concerned with producing weapons and ornaments as status symbols for high-ranking individuals rather than for widespread domestic use or for equipping large fighting forces, developments which would wait until periods in European history, but the Adlerberg cemetery of Hofheim/Taunus, contained the burial of a male who had died from an arrow-shot, the stone arrow-head still being located in his arm.

The famous Sky Disk of Nebra is associated with the Central Germany groups of the Únětice culture. From a technical point of view, Úněticea