Viggo Peter Mortensen Jr. is an American actor, photographer and painter. Born in New York to a Danish father and American mother, he was a resident of Venezuela and Argentina during his childhood, he is the recipient of various accolades including a Screen Actors Guild Award and has been nominated for three Academy Awards, three BAFTA Awards, four Golden Globe Awards. Mortensen made his film debut in a small role in Peter Weir's 1985 thriller Witness starring Harrison Ford and has appeared in several notable films since, including The Indian Runner, Carlito's Way, Crimson Tide, The Portrait of a Lady, G. I. Jane, Psycho, A Perfect Murder, A Walk on the Moon, 28 Days. Mortensen received international attention in the early 2000s with his role as Aragorn in the epic film trilogy The Lord of the Rings. In 2005, Mortensen won critical acclaim for David Cronenberg's crime thriller A History of Violence. Two years another Cronenberg film, Eastern Promises, earned him further critical acclaim and a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.
A third teaming with Cronenberg in A Dangerous Method resulted in a nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture. Other well-received films include Appaloosa and Far from Men. Further Academy Award nominations came for his leading roles in Captain Fantastic and Green Book. Aside from acting, Mortensen's other artistic pursuits include fine arts, photography and music. In 2002, he founded the Perceval Press to publish the works of little-known artists and authors. Mortensen was born the first of three boys in New York City on October 20, 1958, the son of Grace Gamble and Viggo Peter Mortensen Sr.. His mother was American, while his father was Danish, his maternal grandfather was a Canadian from Nova Scotia. The family moved to Venezuela Denmark, settled in Argentina in the provinces of Córdoba and Buenos Aires, where Mortensen attended primary school and acquired a fluent proficiency in Spanish while his father managed poultry farms and ranches, he was baptized Lutheran.
When Mortensen was 11 and his brothers 8 and 6, their parents divorced and they and their mother returned to New York, where Viggo spent the rest of his childhood, graduating from Watertown High School in Watertown in 1976. He attended St. Lawrence University in Canton, earning a bachelor's degree in Spanish Studies and Politics in 1980. Upon graduating, he lived in England and Spain moved back to Denmark, where he took various jobs such as driving trucks in Esbjerg and selling flowers in Copenhagen, he returned to the United States to pursue an acting career. Mortensen's first film role was in The Purple Rose of Cairo, but his scenes were deleted from the final cut, his first onscreen appearance was playing an Amish farmer in Peter Weir's Witness. He was cast in Witness because the director thought he had the right face for the part of an Amish man, he had been cast for another role as a soldier in Shakespeare in the Park's production of Henry V, but he decided to turn down that one for the film because he wanted to try something new.
He credited that decision and the positive experience on the film as the start of his film career. In 1985, he was cast in the role of Bragg on Search for Tomorrow. Mortensen's 1987 performance in Bent at the Coast Playhouse, Los Angeles, won him a Dramalogue Critics' Award. Coincidentally, the play, about homosexual concentration camp prisoners, was brought to prominence by Ian McKellen, with whom Mortensen costarred in The Lord of the Rings. In 1987, Mortensen guest starred as a police detective on the hit series Miami Vice. During the 1990s, Mortensen appeared in supporting roles in a variety of films, including Jane Campion's The Portrait of a Lady, Young Guns II, Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III, Sean Penn's The Indian Runner, Danny Cannon's The Young Americans, Carl Colpaert's The Crew, which won the São Paulo Film Festival Audience Award, Brian de Palma's Carlito's Way, Crimson Tide, G. I. Jane, Daylight, A Walk on the Moon, American Yakuza, Charles Robert Carner's remake Vanishing Point, Philip Ridley's films The Reflecting Skin and The Passion of Darkly Noon, the remake films A Perfect Murder and Gus Van Sant's Psycho, 28 Days, The Prophecy, with Christopher Walken.
Of these roles, Mortensen was best known for playing Master Chief John Urgayle in G. I. Jane. Another major mainstream breakthrough came in 1999, when Peter Jackson cast him as Aragorn in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. According to the Special Extended Edition DVD of The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Mortensen was a last-minute replacement for Stuart Townsend, would not have taken the part of Aragorn had it not been for his son's enthusiasm for the J. R. R. Tolkien novel. In The Two Towers DVD extras, the film's swordmaster, Bob Anderson, described Mortensen as "the best swordsman I've trained." Mortensen performed his own stunts, the injuries he sustained during several of them did not dampen his enthusiasm. At one point during shooting of The Two Towers, Orlando Bloom, Brett Beattie all had painful injuries, during a shoot of them, running in the mountains, Peter Jackson jokingly referred to the three as "the walking wounded." According to the Special Extended Edition DVD of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, M
Don McKellar is a Canadian actor and filmmaker. He was part of a loosely-affiliated group of filmmakers to emerge from Toronto known as the Toronto New Wave. McKellar was born in Toronto, the son of Marjorie Kay, a teacher, John Duncan McKellar, a corporate lawyer, he attended Glenview Senior Public School, Lawrence Park Collegiate Institute and studied English at the University of Toronto's Victoria College. McKellar married his longtime partner, Canadian actress Tracy Wright, on January 3, 2010. Wright died from cancer on June 22, 2010. McKellar was a founding member of Toronto's Augusta Company, along with his future wife Tracy Wright and Daniel Brooks. McKellar made his first screen appearance in 1989 in Bruce McDonald's film Roadkill, for which he wrote the screenplay. McKellar's work on Roadkill earned him Genie Award nominations for best supporting actor and best screenwriter, attracting the attention of many in Canada. Roadkill won the Toronto-Citytv Award for best Canadian feature. McKellar collaborated again with McDonald for his 1991 film Highway 61, writing the screenplay and playing the starring role as the barber Pokey Jones.
Again McKellar's work solicited wide praise, earning him a second Genie nomination for best screenwriter and a nomination for best actor. McKellar's most recent collaboration with McDonald spawned the cult classic television series Twitch City, in which McKellar played the starring role of Curtis, a television addict and shut-in. Since his entry into Canadian cinema, McKellar has been involved in numerous projects, he appeared in Atom Egoyan's films The Adjuster and Exotica, the latter of which earned him the Genie for best supporting actor. McKellar collaborated with François Girard, authoring the screenplays for his films Thirty Two Short Films About Glenn Gould, the Academy Award winning The Red Violin, in which McKellar starred alongside Samuel L. Jackson, he appeared alongside Jude Law and Jennifer Jason Leigh in David Cronenberg's 1999 film eXistenZ. McKellar has emerged as a filmmaker in his own right. In 2001, he played the role of Oliver Tapscrew in the TV children's drama series, his second film, opened in 2004 at the Toronto International Film Festival to enthusiastic reviews.
McKellar starred in the animated sitcom Odd Job Jack as the titular hero, Jack Ryder, which ran for four seasons between 2004 and 2007 on The Comedy Network. McKellar has appeared in all three seasons of television's Slings & Arrows, as Darren Nichols, a theatre director; the show is co-written by Bob Martin, who collaborated with McKellar on the musical The Drowsy Chaperone. Martin and McKellar cocreated the Canadian television sitcom Michael and Thursdays, scheduled to debut on CBC Television in fall 2011. In 2006, he appeared in Ken Finkleman's miniseries At The Hotel. In June 2006 he won the Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical and the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Book of a Musical for The Drowsy Chaperone, he received a Gemini Award nomination for his role as socialist politician Clarence Fines in Prairie Giant: The Tommy Douglas Story. McKellar hosted the CBC Radio One series High Definition, he wrote the 2008 screen adaptation of José Saramago's 1995 novel Blindness. In 2016, he was made a Member of the Order of Canada "for his contributions to Canadian culture as an actor and director".
The Red Violin Last Night Childstar Cooking With Stella The Grand Seduction Zoom Meditation Park Blood Honey Through Black Spruce Twitch City Slings and Arrows Odd Job Jack Michael: Tuesdays and Thursdays Sensitive Skin Don McKellar on IMDb Don McKellar at the Internet Broadway Database Bravo! FACT: shorts starring and directed by Don McKellar available for viewing online Production: The Drowsy Chaperone - Working in the Theatre Seminar video at American Theatre Wing.org, April 2006 Canadian Film Encyclopedia Official Alliance Atlantis trailer for Blindness
Stéphane Rousseau is a Canadian actor and comedian. He starred in the Academy Award-winning film The Barbarian Invasions, he has been in Asterix at the Olympic Games. His latest movies is the French comedy Fatal, a Zoolander-type spoof of the music industry focusing on the character Fatal Bazooka created by Michaël Youn, he and ex-wife, Maud Saint-Germain, had their first child, a son, Axel Saint-Germain-Rousseau on December 25, 2008. Stéphane Rousseau on IMDb
Gratien Gélinas, was a Canadian author, actor, director and administrator, considered one of the founders of modern Canadian theatre and film. His major works include Tit-Coq, Bousille et les Justes, Hier, les enfants dansaient, he wrote a series of satirical revues known as the Fridolinades. The Fridolinades revues, consisting of comic sketches and monologues, were named for the often-featured character Fridolin. A poor boy from Montreal, he wore a tri-colour Canadiens hockey jersey, knee socks, suspenders. While not quite joual, the French he spoke was reflective of what a person would hear on the streets of Montreal, which made it stand out in sharp contrast to the continental French being spoken in most other theatres. Fridolin's boundless optimism in the face of constant disappointment came to emblemize the Quebec spirit of "survivance", made him one of the first distinctly Canadian heroes of the stage, his success was considerable: Gélinas was declared by an adoring public to be the first playwright "de chez nous".
Gélinas' play Hier, les enfants dansaient takes place in one night. Based in 1966, it revolves around the tumultuous politics in Quebec around that time though its characters are fictitious. Pierre Gravel is debating. Throughout the course of the play, Gravel's sons, André and Larry, admit that they are active members of the separatist party and responsible for the bombs, threatening the city and destroying historical landmarks. Gélinas founded the Comédie-Canadienne, active until 1972. In 1967, Gélinas was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1989. In 1985, he was made a Knight of the National Order of Quebec, he received an honorary doctorate from the Royal Military College of Canada in St-Jean in 1989. He married Huguette Oligny in 1973 and is the grandfather of actor and pop singer Mitsou Gélinas and MusiquePlus veejay and actor Abeille Gélinas. Gratien Gélinas on IMDb Gratien Gélinas at The Canadian Encyclopedia Library and Archives Canada biography
Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Canada is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of many different ethnic and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of French and the much larger British colonization, different waves of immigration and settlement of non-indigenous peoples took place over the course of nearly two centuries and continue today. Elements of Indigenous, French and more recent immigrant customs and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada, thus a Canadian identity. Canada has been influenced by its linguistic and economic neighbour—the United States. Canadian independence from the United Kingdom grew over the course of many years since the formation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.
World War I and World War II in particular, gave rise to a desire among Canadians to have their country recognized as a fully-fledged sovereign state with a distinct citizenship. Legislative independence was established with the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Canadian Citizenship Act of 1946 took effect on January 1, 1947, full sovereignty was achieved with the patriation of the constitution in 1982. Canada's nationality law mirrored that of the United Kingdom. Legislation since the mid-20th century represents Canadians' commitment to multilateralism and socioeconomic development; as of 2010, Canadians make up only 0.5% of the world's total population, having relied upon immigration for population growth and social development. 41% of current Canadians are first- or second-generation immigrants, 20% of Canadian residents in the 2000s were not born in the country. Statistics Canada projects that, by 2031, nearly one-half of Canadians above the age of 15 will be foreign-born or have one foreign-born parent.
Indigenous peoples, according to the 2011 Canadian Census, numbered at 1,400,685 or 4.3% of the country's 33,476,688 population. While the first contact with Europeans and indigenous peoples in Canada had occurred a century or more before, the first group of permanent settlers were the French, who founded the New France settlements, in present-day Quebec and Ontario. 100 Irish-born families would settle the Saint Lawrence Valley by 1700, assimilating into the Canadien population and culture. During the 18th and 19th century; this arrival of newcomers led to the creation of the Métis, an ethnic group of mixed European and First Nations parentage. The British conquest of New France was preceded by a small number of Germans and Swedes who settled alongside the Scottish in Port Royal, Nova Scotia, while some Irish immigrated to the Colony of Newfoundland. In the wake of the British Conquest of 1760 and the Expulsion of the Acadians, many families from the British colonies in New England moved over into Nova Scotia and other colonies in Canada, where the British made farmland available to British settlers on easy terms.
More settlers arrived during and after the American Revolutionary War, when 60,000 United Empire Loyalists fled to British North America, a large portion of whom settled in New Brunswick. After the War of 1812, British and Irish immigration was encouraged throughout Rupert's Land, Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Between 1815 and 1850, some 800,000 immigrants came to the colonies of British North America from the British Isles as part of the Great Migration of Canada; these new arrivals included some Gaelic-speaking Highland Scots displaced by the Highland Clearances to Nova Scotia. The Irish Potato Famine of the 1840s increased the pace of Irish immigration to Prince Edward Island and the Province of Canada, with over 35,000 distressed individuals landing in Toronto in 1847 and 1848. Descendants of Francophone and Anglophone northern Europeans who arrived in the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries are referred to as Old Stock Canadians. Beginning in the late 1850s, the immigration of Chinese into the Colony of Vancouver Island and Colony of British Columbia peaked with the onset of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
The Chinese Immigration Act placed a head tax on all Chinese immigrants, in hopes of discouraging Chinese immigration after completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The population of Canada has risen, doubling every 40 years, since the establishment of the Canadian Confederation in 1867. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Canada had a policy of assisting immigrants from Europe, including an estimated 100,000 unwanted "Home Children" from Britain. Block settlement communities were established throughout western Canada between the late 19th and early 20th centuries; some were planned and others were spontaneously created by the settlers themselves. Canada was now receiving a large number of European immigrants, predominantly Italians, Scandinavians, Dutch and Ukrainians. Legislative restrictions on immigration that had favoured British and other European immigrants were a
A television show is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, cable, or internet and viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are placed between shows. Television shows are most scheduled well ahead of time and appear on electronic guides or other TV listings. A television show might be called a television program if it lacks a narrative structure. A television series is released in episodes that follow a narrative, are divided into seasons or series – yearly or semiannual sets of new episodes. A show with a limited number of episodes may be called serial, or limited series. A one-time show may be called a "special". A television film is a film, broadcast on television rather than released in theaters or direct-to-video. Television shows can be viewed as they are broadcast in real time, be recorded on home video or a digital video recorder for viewing, or be viewed on demand via a set-top box or streamed over the internet; the first television shows were experimental, sporadic broadcasts viewable only within a short range from the broadcast tower starting in the 1930s.
Televised events such as the 1936 Summer Olympics in Germany, the 1937 coronation of King George VI in the UK, David Sarnoff's famous introduction at the 1939 New York World's Fair in the US spurred a growth in the medium, but World War II put a halt to development until after the war. The 1947 World Series inspired many Americans to buy their first television set and in 1948, the popular radio show Texaco Star Theater made the move and became the first weekly televised variety show, earning host Milton Berle the name "Mr Television" and demonstrating that the medium was a stable, modern form of entertainment which could attract advertisers; the first national live television broadcast in the US took place on September 4, 1951 when President Harry Truman's speech at the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference in San Francisco was transmitted over AT&T's transcontinental cable and microwave radio relay system to broadcast stations in local markets. The first national color broadcast in the US occurred on January 1, 1954.
During the following ten years most network broadcasts, nearly all local programming, continued to be in black-and-white. A color transition was announced for the fall of 1965, during which over half of all network prime-time programming would be broadcast in color; the first all-color prime-time season came just one year later. In 1972, the last holdout among daytime network shows converted to color, resulting in the first all-color network season. Television shows are more varied than most other forms of media due wide variety formats and genres that can be presented. A show may non-fictional, it may be historical. They could be instructional or educational, or entertaining as is the case in situation comedy and game shows. A drama program features a set of actors playing characters in a historical or contemporary setting; the program follows their adventures. Except for soap opera-type serials, many shows before the 1980s, remained static without story arcs, the main characters and premise changed little.
If some change happened to the characters' lives during the episode, it was undone by the end. Because of this, the episodes could be broadcast in any order. Since the 1980s, there are many series that feature progressive change to the plot, the characters, or both. For instance, Hill Street Blues and St. Elsewhere were two of the first American prime time drama television series to have this kind of dramatic structure. While the series, Babylon 5 is an extreme example of such production that had a predetermined story running over its intended five-season run. In 2012, it was reported that television was growing into a larger component of major media companies' revenues than film; some noted the increase in quality of some television programs. In 2012, Academy-Award-winning film director Steven Soderbergh, commenting on ambiguity and complexity of character and narrative, stated: "I think those qualities are now being seen on television and that people who want to see stories that have those kinds of qualities are watching television."
When a person or company decides to create a new series, they develop the show's elements, consisting of the concept, the characters, the crew, cast. They "pitch" it to the various networks in an attempt to find one interested enough to order a prototype first episode of the series, known as a pilot. Eric Coleman, an animation executive at Disney, told an interviewer, "One misconception is that it's difficult to get in and pitch your show, when the truth is that development executives at networks want much to hear ideas, they want much to get the word out on what types of shows they're looking for."To create the pilot, the structure and team of the whole series must be put together. If audiences respond well to the pilot, the network will pick up the show to air it the next season. Sometimes they save it for mid-season, or father review. Other times, they pass forcing the show's creator to "shop it around" to other networks. Many shows never make it past the pilot stage; the show hires a stable of writers, who usually
Peter MacNeill is a Canadian film and television actor and voice-over artist who has starred in several television series and films. His film credits have included The Hanging Garden, Geraldine's Fortune, Dog Park, Open Range, A History of Violence, Regression. On television, he has had roles in Queer as Folk and Dog, The Eleventh Hour, PSI Factor: Chronicles of the Paranormal Call Me Fitz and, The Good Witch series, he is a two-time Gemini Award winner. Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell: Blacklist as Secretary of Defense 1994 Gemini Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role: Gross Misconduct: The Life of Brian Spencer 1997 Genie Award for Best Supporting Actor: The Hanging Garden 1998 Gemini Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Supporting Role in a Dramatic Program of Miniseries: Giant Mine 2003 Gemini Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role: The Eleventh Hour 2008 Gemini Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Supporting Role in a Dramatic Program of Miniseries: Victor 2011 Gemini Award Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Supporting Role or Guest Role in a Comedic Series: Call Me Fitz 2011 Gemini Award Best Ensemble Performance in a Comedy Program or Series: Call Me Fitz 2015 Canadian Screen Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Supporting Role or Guest Role in a Comedic Series: Call Me Fitz Peter MacNeill on IMDb