Sir Kenneth Mathieson Dalglish is a Scottish former football player and manager. He made over three hundred appearances for both Celtic and Liverpool and earned over one hundred caps for the Scotland national team. Dalglish won the Ballon d'Or Silver Award in 1983, the PFA Players' Player of the Year in 1983, the FWA Footballer of the Year in 1979 and 1983. In 2009, FourFourTwo named Dalglish the greatest striker in post-war British football, in 2006, he topped a Liverpool fans' poll of "100 Players Who Shook the Kop", he has been inducted into both the English Football Halls of Fame. Dalglish began his career with Celtic in 1971, going on to win four Scottish league championships, four Scottish Cups and one Scottish League Cup with the club. In 1977, Liverpool manager Bob Paisley paid a British transfer record of £440,000 to bring Dalglish to Liverpool, his years at Liverpool were among the club's most successful periods, as he won six English league championships, the FA Cup, four League Cups, five FA Charity Shields, three European Cups and one European Super Cup.
For these achievements and his style of play, he was given the nickname King Kenny by Liverpool supporters. In international football, Dalglish made 102 appearances and scored 30 goals for Scotland between 1971 and 1986, becoming their most capped player and joint-leading goalscorer. Dalglish became player-manager of Liverpool in 1985 after the resignation of Joe Fagan, winning a further three First Divisions, a FA Cup, four FA Charity Shields, before resigning in 1991. Eight months Dalglish made a return to football management with Blackburn Rovers, whom he led from the Second Division to win the Premier League in 1995. Soon afterwards, he stepped down as manager to become Director of Football at the club, before leaving altogether in 1996. In January 1997, Dalglish took over as manager at Newcastle United. Newcastle finished runners-up in both the Premier League and FA Cup during his first season, but they only finished 13th in 1997–98, which led to his dismissal the following season. Dalglish went on to be appointed Director of Football at Celtic in 1999, manager, where he won the Scottish League Cup before an acrimonious departure the following year.
Between 2000 and 2010, Dalglish focused on charitable concerns, founding The Marina Dalglish Appeal with his wife to raise money for cancer care. In January 2011, Dalglish returned to Liverpool for a spell as caretaker manager after the dismissal of Roy Hodgson, becoming the permanent manager in May 2011. Despite winning the League Cup which earned them a place in the UEFA Europa League, reaching the FA Cup Final, Liverpool only finished 8th in the Premier League, Dalglish was dismissed in May 2012. In October 2013, Dalglish returned to Anfield as a non-executive director, had Anfield's Centenary Stand renamed after him in May 2017. Dalglish, the son of an engineer, was born in Dalmarnock in the East End of Glasgow, was brought up in Milton in the north of the city, he moved to the docklands of Govan, near Ibrox, home of Rangers, when he was 15, he grew up supporting Rangers. Dalglish started out as a goalkeeper, he attended High Possil Senior Secondary School, where he won the inter-schools five-a-side and the inter-year five-a-side competitions.
He won the Scottish Cup playing for Glasgow Schoolboys and Glasgow Schools, was selected for the Scottish schoolboys team that went undefeated in a home nations Victory Shield tournament. In 1966 Dalglish had unsuccessful trials at West Liverpool. Dalglish signed a provisional contract with Celtic in May 1967; the club's manager Jock Stein sent his assistant Sean Fallon to see Dalglish and his parents at their home, which had Rangers-related pictures on the walls. In his first season Dalglish was loaned out to Cumbernauld United. During this time he worked as an apprentice joiner. Stein wanted Dalglish to spend a second season on loan at Cumbernauld, but the youngster wanted to turn professional. Dalglish got his wish, became a regular member of the rated Celtic reserve team that became known as the Quality Street Gang, due to its having a large number of future Scottish internationals, including Danny McGrain, George Connelly, Lou Macari, David Hay. Dalglish made his first-team competitive debut for Celtic in a Scottish League Cup quarter-final tie against Hamilton Academical on 25 September 1968, coming on as a second-half substitute in a 4–2 win.
He only scored four goals in 17 games. The following season, he moved into midfield. Stein put Dalglish in the starting XI for the first team in a league match against Raith Rovers on 4 October 1969. Celtic won 7–1 but Dalglish didn't score, nor did he score in the next three first-team games he played in during season 1969–70; the reserves, benefited from his goalscoring talent from midfield as he helped them to the league and cup double, with him scoring 19 goals in 31 games. Dalglish continued his goalscoring form in the reserves into scoring 23 goals. A highlight of his season came in the Reserve Cup Final against Rangers. Dalglish scored one goal in a 4–1 win in the first leg in the second leg scored a hat-trick in a 6–1 win to clinch the cup. Still not a first-team regular, Dalglish was in the stands when the Ibrox disaster occurred at an Old Firm match in January 1971, when 66 Rangers fans died. On 17 May 1971, he played for Celtic against Kilmarnock in a testimonial match for the Rugby Park club's long serving midfielder, Frank Beattie.
Dalglish scored six goals for Celtic in a 7–2 win. The 1971–72 season saw Dalglish establish hims
Rugby union positions
In the game of rugby union, there are 15 players on each team, comprising eight forwards and seven backs. In addition, there may be up to eight replacement players "on the bench", numbered 16–23. Players are not restricted to a single position, although they specialise in just one or two that suit their skills and body types. Players that play multiple positions are called "utility players"; the scrum must consist of eight players from each team: the "front row", the "second row", a "back row". The players outside the scrum are called "the backs": half back, first five, second five, two wings, a fullback. Early names, such as "three-quarters" and "outside-halves" are still used by many in the Northern Hemisphere, while in the Southern Hemisphere the fly-half and inside centre are colloquially called "first five-eighth" and "second five-eighth" while the scrum-half is known as the "half-back"; the backs play behind the forwards and are more built and faster. Successful backs are skilful at kicking.
Full-backs need to be good defenders and kickers, have the ability to catch a kicked ball. The wingers are among the fastest players in a team and score many of the tries; the centres' key attacking roles are to break through the defensive line and link with wingers. The fly-half can be a good kicker and directs the backline; the scrum-half retrieves the ball from the forwards and needs a quick and accurate pass to get the ball to the backs. Forwards compete for the ball in scrums and line-outs and are bigger and stronger than the backs. Props push in the scrums. Locks jump for the ball at the line-out after the hooker has thrown it in; the flankers and number eight should be the first forwards to a tackle and play an important role in securing possession of the ball for their team. There are a maximum of 15 players from each team on a rugby field at one time; the players' position at the start of the game are indicated by the numbers on the back of their shirts, 1 to 15. The positions are divided into two main categories.
In international matches, there are eight substitutes. The substitutes, numbered 16 to 23, can either take up the position of the player they replace or the on-field players can be shuffled to make room for this player in another position; the replacement players will have a number that corresponds with their intended replacement position with the numbers from 16 to 20 being forwards and 21 to 23 being backs. There are no personal squad numbers and a versatile player's position and number may change from one game to the next. Players can change positions with players on the field during the match, and, as long as the laws are followed, any player can change positions with another player during the match. Common examples are the fly-half playing the full-back's position in defence or a prop taking the hooker's position at line-outs. Different positions on the field suit certain skill sets and body types leading to players specialising in a limited number of positions; each position has certain roles to play on the field, although most have been established through convention rather than law.
During general play, as long as they are not offside, the players may be positioned anywhere on the field. It is during the set pieces and line-out, when the positions are enforced. During early rugby union games there were only two positions; the attacking possibilities of playing close behind the scrimmage were recognised. The players who stationed themselves between the forwards and tends became known as "half-tends", it was observed that the players outside scrimmage were not limited to a defensive role, so the tends and half-tends were renamed "backs" and "half-backs". As the game became more sophisticated, the backs positioned at different depths behind the forwards, they were further differentiated into half-backs, three-quarter-backs, full-back. Specialised roles for the scrum evolved with "wing-forward" being employed to protect the half-back; the first international between England and Scotland was played in 1871 and consisted of twenty players on each side: thirteen forwards, three half-backs, one three-quarter and three full-backs.
The player numbers were reduced to fifteen in 1877. Numbers were added to the backs of players' jerseys in the 1920s as a way for coaches and selectors to rate individual players; the various positions have changed names over time and many are known by different names in different countries. Players in the flanker positions were known as "wing forwards", while in the backs, "centre three-quarter" and "wing three-quarter" were used to describe the outside centre and wing The names used by World Rugby tend to reflect Northern Hemisphere usage although fly-half is still known as "outside-half" or "stand-off" in Britain, "outhalf" in Ireland. In New Zealand, the scrum-half is still referred to as the "half-back", the fly-half is referred to as the "first five-eighth", the inside centre is called the "second five-eighth" and t
Bristol Bears is an English professional rugby union club based in Bristol, England. They play in England's top division of rugby; the club was founded as Bristol Football Club in 1888. The current head coach is Pat Lam, appointed in 2017; the club announced a new nickname of Bears to be used from 1 June 2018. Bristol won the 1983 John Player Cup and have won England's second division four times, most in 2017–18. Bristol Football Club was formed in 1888 when the Carlton club merged with rival club Redland Park to create a united Bristol team. Westbury Park having refused to merge folded and many of its players subsequently joined Bristol; the County Cricket Ground at Nevil Road was leased for home matches. The first match was a heavy away defeat to Cardiff and although the first season was successful the second was not with only three games won; the club went from strength to strength over the next few years under the captaincy of W. Tommy Thomson, it turned the corner and in 1891–92, now wearing the more familiar navy and white hooped shirts, the Bristol team won 20 games out of 24.
Over the ensuing seasons the fixture list went from strength to strength, consisting of most of the top English and Welsh sides. In 1900 J. W. Jarman became Bristol's first England cap. Two major touring sides played Bristol during this period; the first New Zealand All Blacks defeated the club 41–0 in 1905 and in 1909 a combined Bristol and Clifton RFC team, captained by Percy Down, lost to Australia 11–3. The club was beginning to bring on a new generation of players when the First World War halted all rugby. After the war a Bristol United side was formed to provide rugby for returning servicemen and this led to the rebirth of Bristol in 1919; the County Ground was no longer available for home games so the club rented a field at Radnor Road, Horfield although occasional matches were staged at the Bristol City and Bristol Rovers grounds. The Radnor Road seasons were good ones for the club and a new crop of stars appeared; the Memorial Ground stadium was built on an area of land called Buffalo Bill's Field, occupied by allotments in 1921.
Bristol defeated Cardiff 19–3 in the opening match in front of a large crowd. The fiftieth anniversary was celebrated in 1938 but the next few years saw a fall in performances and the final inter-war season was a poor one. During World War II a Bristol Supporters team kept rugby union going in the city, thus Bristol had available players when peacetime rugby union resumed in 1945. The playing record in the early fifties was mixed, but there was a huge improvement under the captaincy of first Bert MacDonald, Dick Hawkes. Records were broken in 1956–57 and better was to follow in what has been called'The Blake Era'. Fly half John Blake became captain in 1957 and under his leadership the club developed an entertaining running style of rugby involving backs and forwards, years ahead of its time; the Bristol club set and broke new records for wins in a season and points scored and goal kicking forward Gordon Cripps rewrote the individual points scoring records. The 75th anniversary was celebrated in 1962–63 and floodlights were installed in the following season.
Club form peaked in 1965–66 under Derek Neate's captaincy when 39 games were won, again in 1971–72 under Tony Nicholls. This was the club's best season with a thousand points being scored for the first time and the team being crowned unofficial English and Anglo-Welsh champions. Under Mike Rafter's captaincy, the club won the John Player Cup in 1983, defeating Leicester 28–22. During this period Alan Morley established; the centenary season with Nigel Pomphrey as captain was celebrated in style with a game against the Barbarians and a narrow defeat in the cup final. In 1996, Bristol Rovers moved into the Memorial Stadium as tenants of Bristol Rugby, took over ownership of the stadium through the Memorial Stadium Company.1998–99 Relegation to Premiership Two in 1998 was not the worst of Bristol's problems. Only an eleventh hour rescue by Malcolm Pearce saved the club from potential oblivion. Bristol lost control of the Memorial Stadium Company to Bristol Rovers and were tenants thereafter until their eventual departure from the stadium at the conclusion of the 2013–14 season.
Bristol's first season outside the top flight brought with it a number of first-time visits to clubs. Bristol went on to win the Premiership Two title and promotion back to Premiership One, sealing the win with a 22–11 victory over Worcester; the World Cup disrupted the early part of the 1999–00 season, with a number of players missing the first few games. Under the captaincy of Dean Ryan the team finished sixth, just missing out on European Cup qualification. At the end of the season Dean Ryan took over as Head Coach from Bob Dwyer. After an opening day victory over newly promoted Rotherham, Bristol had a disappointing 2000–01 season finishing ninth. Off the field, Jack Rowell became managing director, successful community initiatives saw the attendance figures rise. Chief Executive Nicholas de Scossa was involved in debates about top clubs separating from the Rugby Football Union and forming a new Premier League; the 2001–02 season brought a new name, Bristol Shoguns, following a five-year £2-million sponsorship deal with Mitsubishi Motors.
The Shoguns finishing the season with the most bonus points in the Zurich Premiership, three players in t
Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Glantaf
Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Glantaf is a Welsh-medium coeducational secondary school in Llandaff North, a district in the north of Cardiff, Wales and is the largest of its kind in the country. The name'Glantaf' means'The bank of the river Taf' in Welsh. Of the three Welsh-medium secondary schools serving Cardiff, it was the first to be established. Although all students speak Welsh and have received Welsh-language primary education, 68% come from homes where Welsh is not the first language. Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Glantaf was founded in 1978 sharing premises with the English-language Glantaf High School, before expanding to occupy the entire building, its first Headmaster was Mr. J E Malcolm Thomas, succeeded upon his retirement in 1995 by Mr. Huw S Thomas, by Headmistress Mrs. Rhiannon Lloyd from Rhydywaun School. In early 2010, the Board of Governors announced that from September 2010 the former Head of Rhydywaun School would take over from Mrs Rhiannon Lloyd. From September 2010 Mr Alun Davies has taken over as Headmaster.
Pupil numbers at the school increased into four figures during the mid-1980s, necessitating the annexing of the buildings of the old Waterhall School in Fairwater to form the Ysgol Isaf, which housed the First and Second forms of the school from 1986. This split-site arrangement continued until the opening of Cardiff's second Welsh-medium Comprehensive School, Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Plasmawr, in 1998, from which point the Llandaff North site again housed the entirety of Glantaf's pupils. Education in Wales differs in certain respects from the systems used elsewhere in the United Kingdom. Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Glantaf is a Welsh-medium school, which means that all lessons except English Language and Literature should take place in the Welsh language; the social use of Welsh is highly encouraged, in order to ensure the pupils' fluency in the language. Ysgol Glantaf presents VIth form students for the Welsh Baccalaureate examination; the school's motto is Coron Gwlad Ei Mamiaith, which translates to'A Country's Crown is Her Mother Tongue'.
The school colours are dark blue. The school's four houses are named after Welsh saints: Dewi, Dyfrig and Teilo; the four houses annually compete in the "Gŵyl Glantaf", in which there is a day of sports and a day of singing, playing instruments and numerous other events in the theme of the Eisteddfod. In 2008, 76% of pupils at GCSE year achieved 5 or more A* - C grades at GCSE, 76% of pupils at A/AS level achieved two or more A - C grades. Arts & MediaGareth Bonello, musician Huw Bunford, member of Super Furry Animals Siân Grigg, BAFTA winner and Oscar nominated Hollywood make up artist Ioan Gruffudd, actor Gethin Jones, television presenter and former Blue Peter presenter Paul Carey Jones, opera singer Anthony Stuart Lloyd, opera singer Llwyd Owen, Welsh-language author Owen Powell, former member of Catatonia Matthew Pritchard, television presenter Guto Pryce, member of the Super Furry Animals Iwan Rheon, actor Matthew Rhys, actor Gwenno Saunders, former member of The Pipettes Huw Stephens, radio presenter and DJ Ceiri Torjussen, film score composer and orchestrator Jeremy Huw Williams, opera singer Dyfed Wyn-Evans, opera singerSportOwain Doull, racing cyclist, member of the gold medal-winning team pursuit squad at the 2016 Summer Olympics Seb Davies, Rugby Union, Cardiff Blues & Wales Tom Isaacs, Rugby Union, Ospreys & Cardiff Blues, Rugby Sevens, Wales Max Llewellyn Rugby Union, Cardiff Blues & Wales u20 Rhys Patchell, Rugby Union, Scarlets & Wales Jamie Roberts, Rugby Union player, Cardiff Blues & Wales Jamie Robinson, Rugby Union player, Cardiff Blues & Wales Nicky Robinson, Rugby Union player, Cardiff Blues & Wales Lee Thomas, Rugby Union player, Cardiff BluesPoliticsEluned Morgan, Member of the European ParliamentOtherFfion Hague, wife of William Hague MP Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Glantaf web site 2005 inspection report
Jamie Huw Roberts is a Welsh rugby union player. He has played for Wales since 2008, has represented the British and Irish Lions on their tours to South Africa in 2009 and Australia in 2013. Roberts is playing for Bath Rugby in the English Premiership, his usual position is centre. He is a qualified doctor, is studying for a MPhil in Medical Science at Queens' College, Cambridge, he is a fluent Welsh speaker. Roberts represented Wales at all levels between Under 16s and Under 19s, once again for the Under 21s, he was part of the Under 21s team which won the Six Nations Grand Slam in 2005. During the 2005–06 season, he represented Cardiff RFC, he scored five tries. In the 2006–07 season, he picked up a shoulder injury but recovered to play 17 times and score 10 tries for his amateur club. With players away at the 2007 Rugby World Cup, Roberts was called up to play for the Cardiff Blues, making his debut against the Ospreys; the Blues won. In the next two matches against the Dragons and Glasgow Warriors, he scored three tries, one against the former and two against the latter.
This form led to continual selection for the Blues and led to selection in the Welsh squad for the Six Nations. Although he was tipped to start the first match against England, Roberts was left out of the lineup, but Roberts made his debut against Scotland the next week. Starting on the wing, Roberts impressed with his hard running as Wales triumphed 30–15, he seemed to have booked his place in the team for the rest of the tournament. But Roberts was left out for the next match against Italy, with Mark Jones beating him to the number 14 jersey. Jones remained in that position for the rest of the tournament. Wales claimed their second grand slam in four years. Roberts was included in the squad for the summer tour test series in South Africa. Due to an injury to Lee Byrne, Roberts started the match at full back. Despite Wales putting in a disappointing display, Roberts collected, he was replaced by Morgan Stoddart. Wales lost the match 43–17. Roberts was again in an unfamiliar position of inside centre.
He had never played in that position before. Wales lost 37–21 with two infringements by Roberts leading to points for the South Africans. Wales lost the series 2–0, Roberts would stay in this position throughout his career. After the game against South Africa, Blues coach Dai Young gave Roberts a chance in the position and he was named in the Welsh squad for the Autumn Internationals. For the first match against The Springboks, Roberts was selected at outside centre in a fourth new position for Wales in as many tests, he would be moved to inside centre as Gavin Henson pulled out with an injury and Tom Shanklin moved to outside centre. Wales lost the game 20–15. With Roberts having a quiet game on his 22nd birthday. Roberts was named on the bench for the match against The Canucks. Wales won 34–13 with Roberts appearing as substitute. Roberts returned for the match with The All Blacks, he played a better role in this with his crash ball getting over the gainline more. Wales lost the game though 29–9.
He was once again selected at inside centre for the match against Australia, but Roberts collided with Aussie skipper Stirling Mortlock in the second minute of the game. Mortlock was replaced but Roberts played on and was crucial in the build-up to Shane Williams' opening Wales try but the 22-year-old was replaced by Andrew Bishop in the 18th minute. Wales claimed a victory over a southern hemisphere team, winning 21–18. After the game Roberts was rushed into hospital with a suspected fractured skull; this was confirmed and he would be out for two months. Roberts returned to the Blues setup two months and played in the 14-man Blues victory away to Gloucester which saw the Blues become the fifth team to win all their games in the Heineken Cup group stage. Roberts was selected in the Welsh squad for the 2009 Six Nations Tournament. For the opening match against The Scots, Roberts was once again selected to play outside centre for the first time with Gavin Henson inside him, but Henson pulled out with another injury.
Roberts played an instrumental game, winning a man of the match award in the 26–13 win. He was again selected for the match against England; this time he was better marshalled with England flanker Joe Worsley man marking him for the entire game as Wales won 23–15. Roberts played again at 12 for the game against France; this time he was replaced midway through the second half by Gavin Henson. Wales lost 21–15. For the third time, Roberts was selected at outside centre with Gavin Henson, he played with him, but the combination didn't go as well as it was tipped to be with Roberts touching the ball the whole match. Wales won 20–15 but not by the amount they were hoping for, as they were looking to increase their points difference for the final round. Roberts was put on the bench for the tournament decider against Ireland, he came on just before halftime. Roberts failed to match Brian O'Driscoll, who scored a try, as Ireland claimed victory 17–15 to win the Grand Slam for the first time in 61 years. Despite the disappointing end to the Six Nations, Roberts continued to play well for the Blues as they won the EDF Energy Cup with a 50–12 win over Gloucester.
On 21 April 2009, Roberts was named as a member of the British and Irish Lions for the 2009 tour to South Africa. He was one of six Blues selected; the Blues made it into the Heineken Cup semi-finals thanks to a win over Toulouse. But they lost in a penalty shoot-out against Leicester Tigers after the match
The Top 14 is a professional rugby union club competition, played in France created in 1892. The Top 14 is at the top of the national league system operated by the French National Rugby League known by its French initialism of LNR. There is promotion and relegation between the Top 14 and the next level down, the Rugby Pro D2; the fourteen best rugby teams in France participate in the competition, hence the name Top 14. The competition was known as the Top 16; the first final took place in 1892, between two Paris-based sides, Stade Français and Racing Club de France, with the latter becoming the inaugural champions. The competition has been held on an annual basis since, except from 1915 to 1919—because of World War I—and from 1940 to 1942—because of World War II. Toulouse is the most successful club in the competition with 19 titles; the first competition was held in 1892, as a one-off championship game between the Racing Club de France and Stade Français. The Racing Club defeated Stade Français four points to three to win the first title, though the stadistes got their revenge the following year in a repeat of the final.
The match official for that first final was Pierre de Coubertin. Stade Français would go on to win a number of titles thereafter; the 1897 and 1898 series were awarded on a points system after a round-robin. Although the competition was called the French championship, entry was confined to Parisian clubs; the 1899 season was the first to include clubs from outside of Paris, led to Stade Bordelais winning the final that season, played outside of Paris, in Le Bouscat. For the following decade the championship game would end up being contested by the Racing Club, Stade Français and Stade Bordelais, with Stade Bordelais winning five titles during this period. During this time the final was held in various stadia around Paris with the exception of 1903 and 1909, when it was held in Toulouse, as SOE Toulouse and Stade Toulousain were finalists respectively; the competition was won by a number of different clubs before World War I, with teams like FC Lyon, Stade Toulousain, Aviron Bayonnais and USA Perpignan claiming their first titles.
Due to the war, operations were suspended for a number of years. In its place, a competition known as the Coupe de l'Espérance was held, which involved young boys who had not yet been drafted; the competition was held four times, but is not considered a full championship. The normal competition returned for the 1920 season, Stadoceste Tarbais became the first post-war champions, defeating the Racing Club de France in the final. During the 1920s Stade Toulousain would create its now famous rugby history, winning five championships during the decade. USA Perpignan would win two championships. During the 1930s the championship game was held only in Toulouse; the 1930 championship game, won by Agen over US Quillan, was the first final to go into extra time. It would see Toulon and Lyon OU win their first championship games. During the latter part of the decade, RC Narbonne, CS Vienne and Perpignan all won titles, Biarritz Olympique were champions in both 1935 and 1939. After the war the championship final returned to Paris, was played at Parc des Princes for the next four seasons.
The competition during the 1940s was won by a number of different teams, though Castres won in 1949, again in 1950. FC Lourdes would become a dominant club during the 1950s, winning five championships, another in 1960. SU Agen would go on to win three titles during the 1960s as well. Lourdes were the champions of the 1968 season, but due to the May 1968 events, the finale was played three weeks behind normal schedule. At the end of regulation time the score was tied at 6–6, 9–9 after extra-time. Lourdes were declared champions because they had scored two tries to Toulon's none and because it was impossible to reschedule a third final so late, as the French national team were to leave on a tour to New Zealand and South Africa. Although Béziers won their first championship in the 1961 season, it would be the 1970s which would see a golden era for the club, as they would win ten championships between 1971 and 1984, as well as being runners-up in 1976. In the mid 1970s, after being held in Toulouse and Bordeaux in recent years, the championship final was taken to Parc des Princes, Paris, on a permanent basis.
During the rest of the 1980s, Toulouse were the dominant team, winning the championship in 1985, 1986 and 1989. Toulon won in 1987, Agen won in 1988; the first match of the 1990s went into extra time, as the Racing Club de France defeated Agen, winning their first championship since 1959. Bègles, Toulon and Toulouse would win the following finals; the 1990s saw the game of rugby union go professional following the 1995 Rugby World Cup in South Africa. This led to the establishment of the European Heineken Cup. Including their 1994 victory, Toulouse won four championships in succession. For the 1998 season, the final was moved to the newly constructed Stade de France, the new national stadium; the final, played in front of 78,000, saw Stade Français win their first championship since 1908. The competition saw an enormous rise in popularity in 2005–06, with attendance rising to an average of 9,600, up by 25% from 2004–05, nu
Wasps Rugby Football Club is an English professional rugby union team based in Coventry, England. They play in England's top division of rugby. Founded in 1867 as Wasps Football Club, now a distinct amateur club, the club was London-based, but re-located to Coventry in December 2014. Wasps now play at the Ricoh Arena. Prior to the move to the midlands Wasps had several homes. Wasps has won 12 major titles, they were European Champions twice, in 2004 and 2007. They have won the 2003 European Rugby Challenge Cup. Wasps most recent trophy is the 2008 Premiership; the 2017-18 season marked the 150th anniversary of Wasps Rugby Football Club. In the 2017-18 Premiership Rugby season Wasps lost in the Play-Off semi-finals; this entitles them to compete in the 2018-19 European Rugby Champions Cup. The current Director of Rugby is Dai Young, appointed in 2011. Hampstead Football Club was founded in 1866. A split in the membership resulted in the formation of two different clubs: Harlequin F. C. and Wasps. Wasps Football Club was itself formed in 1867 at the now defunct Eton and Middlesex Tavern in North London.
In December 1870, Edwin Ash, Secretary of Richmond Football Club published a letter in the papers which said, "Those who play the rugby-type game should meet to form a code of practice as various clubs play to rules which differ from others, which makes the game difficult to play." As a reasonably well-established club, the Wasps were eligible to be founder members of the Rugby Football Union. On 26 January 1871 the meeting was scheduled to take place; however a mix-up led to them sending their representative to the wrong venue at the wrong time on the wrong day. Another version of the story was that he went to a pub of the same name and after consuming a number of drinks was too drunk to make it to the correct address after he realised his mistake. Wasps were, not present at the inauguration ceremony and forfeited their right to be called foundation members. Wasps' first home was in North London. Grounds were rented in various parts of London until in 1923 the Wasps found a permanent home at Sudbury, Middlesex buying the ground outright.
The side had somewhat of a renaissance during the 1930s. The 1930s saw the emergence of Neville Compton, who captained the side between 1939 and 1947 and went on to become fixture secretary in 1959 and became the club president in the early 1970s before retiring in 1988. Wasps went on to host Welsh internationals Vivian Jenkins and Harry Bowcott, in addition to this national representation, numerous Wasps came to play for the England national side, such as Ted Woodward, Bob Stirling, Richard Sharp and Don Rutherford. In 1967, the Wasps club celebrated their centenary. Celebrations took the form of two matches that were held at the Rugby school grounds, where William Webb Ellis is thought to have originated the rugby union game. One match was played against the Barbarian F. C. the other, against another London rugby union club, the Harlequins. The 1980s saw what was, at that point, an all-time high representation of Wasps players in the England national side. In 1986, Wasps Football Club made their first appearance at the final of the John Player Cup knock-out competition, which originated in 1972.
Wasps were defeated by Bath in a close game, where Bath emerged as winners, 25 points to 17. The following year Wasps continued their success in the knock-out competition and they again met Bath in the final, they were however again defeated by Bath in a close game, Bath winning 19 points to 12. Wasp Rob Andrew captained England against Romania in 1989. In 1990, Andrew captained Wasps to their first Courage League title, as they narrowly pipped Orrell R. U. F. C. to be English champions. In 1995 Wasps lost 16–36 to Bath in the final of the Pilkington Cup, it was their first appearance in the final since 1987 and 1986, when their opponents — and the eventual winners — on both occasions were Bath. After winning the title, Wasps finished in the top three of the Courage league title, although they were never quite good enough to overcome Bath, the pre-eminent club of the time. In 1995–96, with many pundits predicting Wasps could make a run for the title, Rob Andrew took up a lucrative deal to become Player Manager of Newcastle Falcons.
He recruited several other leading Wasps, most notably, Club Captain Dean Ryan. For a few weeks Wasps looked like becoming the first casualty of the professional era as the backbone of their team had left, but under newly appointed captain Lawrence Dallaglio, the club steadied the ship, managed to finish fourth, secure a place in the following season's Heineken Cup, which English teams were entering for the first time. The following season, 1996–97, Wasps won their second league championship, became the first English Champions of the new professional era, it was an momentous season off the field. The club split into two parts, with the professional side becoming part of Loftus Road Holdings PLC, who owned Queens Park Rangers F. C.. One element of the deal saw Wasps move from their traditional Sudbury home to share QPR's Loftus Road stadium. In 1998, the now-professional Wasps again reached the final of the Tetley's Bitter Cu