Captain (association football)
The team captain of an association football team, sometimes known as the skipper, is a team member chosen to be the on-pitch leader of the team: it is one of the older/or more experienced members of the squad, or a player that can influence a game or have good leadership qualities. The team captain is identified by the wearing of an armband; the only official responsibility of a captain specified by the Laws of the Game is to participate in the coin toss prior to kick-off and prior to a penalty shootout. Contrary to what is sometimes said, captains have no special authority under the Laws to challenge a decision by the referee. However, referees may talk to the captain of a side about the side's general behaviour when necessary. At an award-giving ceremony after a fixture like a cup competition final, the captain leads the team up to collect their medals. Any trophy won by a team will be received by the captain who will be the first one to hoist it; the captain generally leads the teams out of the dressing room at the start of the match.
A captain is tasked with running the dressing room. The captain provides a rallying point for the team: if morale is low, it is the captain who will be looked upon to boost their team's spirits. Captains may join the manager in deciding the starting eleven for a certain game. In youth or recreational football, the captain takes on duties, that would, at a higher level, be delegated to the manager. A club captain is appointed for a season. If he is unavailable or not selected for a particular game, or must leave the pitch the club vice-captain will assume similar duties; the match captain is the first player to lift a trophy should the team win one if he was not the club captain. A good example of this was in the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final when match captain Peter Schmeichel lifted the trophy for Manchester United as club captain Roy Keane was suspended. In the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final, match captain Frank Lampard jointly lifted the trophy for Chelsea with club captain John Terry.
A club may appoint two distinct roles: a club captain to represent the players in a public relations role, correspondent on the pitch. Manchester United has had both of these types of captains. After Neville retired in 2011, regular starter Nemanja Vidić was named as club captain. São Paulo's Rogério Ceni is the player. A vice-captain is a player, expected to captain the side when the club's captain is not included in the starting eleven, or if, during a game, the captain is substituted or sent off. Examples include Thomas Müller at Bayern Munich, Marcelo at Real Madrid, César Azpilicueta at Chelsea, Sergio Busquets at Barcelona, Harry Kane at Tottenham Hotspur, James Milner at Liverpool and Ashley Young at Manchester United; some clubs name a 3rd captain or a 4th captain to take the role of captain when both the captain and vice-captain are unavailable. In the 1986 FIFA World Cup, when Bryan Robson was injured and vice-captain Ray Wilkins received a two-game suspension for a red card, Peter Shilton became England's captain for the rest of the tournament.
During the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, Germany had three captains. Michael Ballack had captained the national team since 2004, including the successful qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup, but he did not play in the latter tournament due to a last minute injury. Philipp Lahm was appointed captain in South Africa, but due to an illness that ruled him out of Germany's final fixture, Bastian Schweinsteiger captained the team for that game, the third-place match. Lahm stated in an interview that he would not relinquish the captaincy when Ballack returned, causing some controversy, so team manager Oliver Bierhoff clarified the situation saying "Philipp Lahm is the World Cup captain and Michael Ballack is still the captain". Lahm ended up becoming the permanent captain of Germany until his retirement, as Ballack was never called up to the national team again. Captain
FC Schalke 04
Fußballclub Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04 e. V. known as FC Schalke 04, Schalke or abbreviated as S04, is a professional German football and multi-sports club from the Schalke district of Gelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia. The "04" in the club's name derives from its formation in 1904. Schalke has long been one of the most popular professional football teams and multi-sports club in Germany though the club's heyday was in the 1930s and 1940s. Schalke play in the top tier of the German football league system; as of June 2018, the club has 155,000 members, making it the second-largest sports club in Germany and the fourth-largest sports club in the world in terms of membership. Other activities offered by the club include athletics, handball, table tennis, winter sports and eSports. Founded in 1904, Schalke has won seven German championships, five DFB-Pokals, one DFL-Supercup and one UEFA Cup. Schalke succeeded as the first German club to win a cup double in 1937. Since 2001, Schalke's stadium has been the Veltins-Arena.
Schalke holds a long-standing rivalry with Ruhr neighbours Borussia Dortmund, arguably one of the most widespread and well-known rivalries in German football, matches between the two teams are referred to as the Revierderby. Schalke was ranked as the seventh-best football team in Europe by UEFA's 2015 UEFA club rankings. In terms of operating income, Schalke possesses the seventh-highest operating income of any football club at "$64.4 million or £38.2 million", 0% debt as of August 2014. Schalke generates the 14th-highest revenue of any football club, at "$265.6 million or £157.8 million". In May 2014, Schalke 04 were ranked by Forbes magazine as the 14th-most valuable football club, at "£355 million or $599 million", an increase of 16% from the previous year; the club was founded on 4 May 1904 as Westfalia Schalke by a group of high school students and first wore the colours red and yellow. The team was unable to gain admittance to the Westdeutscher Spielverband and played in one of the "wild associations" of early German football.
In 1912, after years of failed attempts to join the official league, they merged with the gymnastic club Schalker Turnverein 1877 in order to facilitate their entry. This arrangement held up until 1915, when SV Westfalia Schalke was re-established as an independent club; the separation proved short-lived and the two came together again in 1919 as Turn- und Sportverein Schalke 1877. The new club won its first honours in 1923 as champions of the Schalke Kreisliga, it was around this time that Schalke picked up the nickname Die Knappen, from an old German word for "miners" because the team drew so many of its players and supporters from the coalmine workers of Gelsenkirchen. In 1924, the football team parted ways with the gymnasts again, this time taking the club chairman along with them, they took the name FC Schalke 04 and adopted the now familiar blue and white kit from which their second nickname would derive, Die Königsblauen. The following year, the club became the dominant local side, based on a style of play that used short, man-to-man passing to move the ball.
This system would become famous as the Schalker Kreisel. In 1927, it carried them into the top-flight Gauliga Ruhr, onto the league championship, into the opening rounds of the national finals; the popular club built a new stadium, the Glückauf-Kampfbahn, in 1928, acknowledged the city's support by renaming themselves FC Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04. They won their first West German championship in 1929, but the following year were sanctioned for exceeding salary levels set by the league and, in an era that considered professionalism in sport to be anathema, found themselves banned from play for nearly half a year. However, the ban had little impact on the team's popularity: in their first match after the ban against Fortuna Düsseldorf, in June 1931, the team drew 70,000 spectators to its home ground; the club's fortunes begun to rise from 1931 and they made a semi-final appearance in the 1932 German championship, losing 1–2 to Eintracht Frankfurt. The year after, the club went all the way to the final, where Fortuna Düsseldorf proved the better side, winning 3–0.
With the re-organisation of German football in 1933 under Nazi Germany, Schalke found themselves in the Gauliga Westfalen, 1 of 16 top-flight divisions established to replace the innumerable regional and local leagues, all claiming top status. This league saw Schalke's most successful decade in their history: from 1933 to 1942, the club would appear in 14 of 18 national finals and win their league in every one of its eleven seasons; the club never lost a home match in the Gauliga Westfalen in all these 11 seasons and only lost six away matches, while remaining unbeaten in the 1935–36, 1936–37, 1937–38, 1938–39, 1940–41 and 1942–43 seasons, a sign of the club's dominance. Schalke's first national title came in 1934 with a 2–1 victory over favourites 1. FC Nürnberg; the next year, they defended their title against VfB Stuttgart with a 6–4 win. The club missed the 1936 final, but would make appearances in the championship match in each of the next six years, coming away victorious in 1937, 1939, 1940 and 1942.
Three of those national finals were against Austrian teams – Admira Wien, Rapid Wien and First Vienna – which played in Germany's Gauliga Ostmark after Austria's incorporation into the Reich through the 1938 Anschluss. Die Königsblauen made frequent appearances in the final of the Tschammerpokal, but enjoyed much less success the
Eka Basunga Lokonda "Émile" Mpenza is a Belgian former footballer of Congolese descent who played as a striker. He has been capped at international level by Belgium, his older brother, was a footballer who represented Belgium. Mpenza started his career at K. V. Kortrijk, moved to R. E. Mouscron and Standard Liège in quick succession, with older brother Mbo playing alongside in all three clubs. In 2000, he moved in an exchange with Michaël Goossens. At Schalke he was successful together with his compatriot Marc Wilmots and other striker Ebbe Sand but they failed to win the German title on the last day of competition. Mpenza returned to Standard three years later. In 2004–05 he returned to Germany when Hamburger SV signed him for €2.5million.. However, in January 2006 he made a surprise move to Qatari team Al Rayyan. Mpenza signed for Manchester City, after playing and scoring in a specially arranged match at Eastlands on 14 February 2007. "I am not finished and I will prove it in Manchester", Mpenza told Belgian radio station Bel RTL.
"I make this move as revenge, with respect to all those who criticised my decision to play in Qatar". He made his debut against Wigan Athletic on 3 March 2007 as a half-time substitute replacing Georgios Samaras, he scored his first goal for the club in the 2–0 win at Middlesbrough on 17 March 2007, his second in the 1–0 victory at Newcastle United on 30 March. He scored once more in the 2006–07 season, away to Tottenham Hotspur on the last day of the season, as City lost 2–1. Having signed until the end of the 2007–08 season, Mpenza scored on City's first pre-season game of the 2007–08 season away to Doncaster Rovers, he would equalise against Fulham and put City ahead against Bristol City and Newcastle United. However, facing competition for his place from Rolando Bianchi, Valeri Bojinov and Elano, all signed by new City manager Sven-Göran Eriksson in summer 2007, Mpenza did not score again after September, was released in July 2008, he signed for Championship side Plymouth Argyle on 2 September 2008.
Mpenza went on to make his Argyle debut as a sub on 70 minutes in a 2–1 defeat to Norwich City on 13 September. He scored his first goal for the club against Charlton Athletic in a 2–2 draw, scored again in a 2–1 win over Cardiff City; however Mpenza's time at Plymouth Argyle was blighted by injury and therefore he was not offered a new contract. For the 2009–10 season, Mpenza signed a one-year contract with Swiss Topflight club FC Sion. Here he rediscovered his eye for goal by scoring 21 goals in 32 matches. In August 2010, Mpenza signed a three-year contract with Azerbaijan Premier League club Neftchi Baku, he left the club in January 2012. In June 2015, Neftchi Baku were ordered by FIFA to pay Mpenza €1 million in unpaid wages. After searching a club for over a year, Mpenza signed a one-year contract with Eendracht Aalst on 1 October 2013. Mpenza has been playing for the Belgium national football team since 1997, though he has been injured in times of international call-ups, he played alongside his brother Mbo in the 1998 World Cup and in Euro 2000 where he scored a goal in the opening match against Sweden, but missed out on the World Cup in 2002 with a groin injury.
FC Schalke 04 DFB-Pokal: 2000–01, 2001–02Hamburger SV UEFA Intertoto Cup: 2005Neftchi Baku' Azerbaijan Premier League: 2010–11 Belgian Young Professional Footballer of the Year: 1996–97 Belgian Ebony Shoe: 1997 Belgian Footballer of the Year in a Foreign Competition: 2000 Standard Liège Man of the Season: 2003–04 Émile Mpenza at Soccerbase Émile Mpenza at National-Football-Teams.com
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under
Éric Deflandre is a former Belgian football right fullback. Deflandre first signed to Wandre Union but after one year he joined Liège side R. F. C. de Liège. He left for Germinal Ekeren in 1995. In 1996, he signed for Club Brugge. In 2000, Deflandre moved to Olympique Lyonnais in France, where he won 3 straight national championships, he played for Standard Liège. In 2007-08, he split duty with FC Brussels and F. C. Verbroedering Dender E. H.. On 25 June 2009 Lierse S. K. have signed the right-back from F. C. Verbroedering Dender E. H. on a two-year deal. On 9 August 2010 announced his return to R. F. C. de Liège, where he played for two more seasons before retiring. Deflandre played his debut match for the national team against The Netherlands in the qualifying stage for the 1998 World Cup. In the competition's first match, he replaced Bertrand Crasson after 22 minutes, helped to a 0-0 draw against the Netherlands, he appeared for the national side at Euro 2000 and 2002 World Cup. In Euro 2000, he substituted as a goalkeeper.
Belgian League - 1998 Belgian Supercup - 1998 French League - 2002, 2003 and 2004 French League Cup - 2001 French Supercup - 2003 Official website Éric Deflandre at L'Équipe Football Eric Deflandre - Footgoal.net
Philippe Vande Walle
Philippe "Nic" vande Walle is a former Belgian football goalkeeper. His former clubs include FC Bruges, K. F. C. Germinal Ekeren, K. S. K. Lierse and Eendracht Aalst. Vande Walle was part of the Belgium national team for the 1998 World Cup. Philippe Vande Walle at WorldFootball.net
Borussia VfL 1900 Mönchengladbach e. V. known as Borussia Mönchengladbach, Mönchengladbach or Gladbach, is a professional football club based in Mönchengladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia, that plays in the Bundesliga, the top flight of German football. The club has won five League titles, three DFB-Pokals, two UEFA Europa League titles. Borussia Mönchengladbach were founded in 1900, with its name derived from a Latinized form of Prussia, a popular name for German clubs in the former Kingdom of Prussia; the team joined the Bundesliga in 1965, saw the majority of its success in the 1970s, under the guise of Hennes Weisweiler, they captured five league championships with Die Fohlen team. Mönchengladbach won two UEFA Cup titles during this period. Since 2004, Borussia Mönchengladbach have played at Borussia-Park, having played at the Bökelbergstadion since 1919. Based on membership, Borussia Mönchengladbach is the fifth largest club in Germany, with over 75,000 members; the club's main rivals are FC Köln, against.
A forerunner of the club Borussia Mönchengladbach was a group of players who, after leaving the sports club Germania, founded the new club on 17 November 1899 in the restaurant "Anton Schmitz" on the Alsstraße in Eicken district of Mönchengladbach, which became a sports club with the name FC Borussia in 1900. The name "Borussia" derives from the Latinized form of Prussia, the kingdom in which the city of Mönchengladbach was situated from 1815. By 1912, Die Borussen found itself in the Verbandsliga, at the time the highest division the club could play in. In March 1914, the club purchased the ground on which the Bökelbergstadion would be built; the First World War halted the progress of both the stadium and FC Borussia, but by late 1917 the team had begun to play games once more. In 1919, FC Borussia merged with another local club, Turnverein Germania 1889, becoming 1899 VfTuR M. Gladbach; the club achieved its first major success in 1920, defeating Kölner BC 3–1 to win the Westdeutsche Meisterschaft final.
The union between Germania and Borussia only lasted a matter of two years. V. M. Gladbach. Following the rise of the Nazi Party to power in 1933, the German league system was reformed to consist of 16 Gauligen – Gladbach found themselves playing first in the Gauliga Niederrhein, in various Bezirksklassen. While under the Third Reich, Mönchengladbach's first international player was capped. After the outbreak of World War II, play continued as usual, other than for the 1944–45 season. Mönchengladbach resumed play in June 1946, gaining successive promotions to the Landesliga Niederrhein in 1949 and the top flight, the Oberliga West, in 1950. Following many years of promotions and relegations, Borussia won their first Oberliga title in the 1958–59 season. In August 1960, Borussia Mönchengladbach defeated 1. FC Köln in the West German Cup. Weeks the club won the DFB-Pokal, clinching their first national honours after defeating Karlsruher SC 3–2 in the final; the following year, the club took on the now-familiar name Borussia VfL Mönchengladbach after the city of München-Gladbach became Mönchengladbach.
The 1961–62 season in the Oberliga ended again with Borussia in 13th place in the table. In 1962–63, the club hoped in vain to join the circle of DFB clubs which would start next year in the newly founded Bundesliga. Helmut Beyer, who remained in office for 30 years, took over the responsibility of president that season and Helmut Grashoff took over as second chairman. In July 1962, Borussia signed Fritz Langner, who had won the West German championship in 1959 with Westfalia Herne, as their new coach. To Langner's chagrin, the new leadership sold Albert Brüllsfor a record fee of 250,000 DM to FC Modena in Italy in order to rehabilitate the club financially. Helmut Grashoff, who collected the fee in Italian lira in cash in a suitcase said he had feared, after the money transfer, "being thought a bank robber"; the proceeds from the transfer enabled Langner to rebuild the squad with the signing of players like Heinz Lowin, Heinz Crawatzo and Siegfried Burkhardt. That year, the A-Youth team won the West German championship with a squad that included future professional footballers, Jupp Heynckes and Herbert Laumen.
Further honours would have to wait a decade. Borussia's results in the ten years leading up to the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963 were not strong enough to earn them admission into the ranks of the nation's new top flight professional league, so the club played in the second tier, the Regionalliga West. In the next season, 1964–65, the club signed the youngsters, Jupp Heynckes and Bernd Rupp, some of the youth team joined the professional squad, their average age of 21.5 years was the lowest of all regional league teams. They earned the nickname "foals" due to their low average age as well as their carefree and successful play. Reporter Wilhelm August Hurtmanns coined the nickname in his articles in the Rheinische Post, he wrote that they would play like young foals. By April 1965, the team had won the Regionalliga West and thus secured the participation in the Bundesliga promotion round in Group 1; this saw the team play against the competitors of Wormatia Worms, SSV Reutlingen and Holstein Kiel in first and second matches.
Of the six games Borussia won thre