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Niels Klim's Underground Travels

Niels Klim's Underground Travels published in Latin as Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum, is a satirical science-fiction/fantasy novel written by the Norwegian author Ludvig Holberg. His only novel, it describes a utopian society from an outsider's point of view, pokes fun at diverse cultural and social topics such as morality, sexual equality, religion and philosophy; the novel starts with a foreword that assures that everything in the story is a real account of the title character's exploits in the Underworld. The story is set, according to the book, in the Norwegian harbor town of Bergen in 1664, after Klim returns from Copenhagen, where he has studied philosophy and theology at the University of Copenhagen and graduated magna cum laude, his curiosity drives him to investigate a strange cave in a mountainside above the town, which sends out regular gusts of warm air. He ends up falling down the hole, after a while he finds himself floating in free space. After a few days of orbiting the planet which revolves around the inner sun, he is attacked by a gryphon, he falls down on the planet, named Nazar.

There he wanders about for a short while, this time by an ox. He climbs up into a tree, to his astonishment the tree can move and talk, he is taken prisoner by tree-like creatures with up to six arms and faces just below the branches, he is accused of attempted rape on the town clerk's wife, is put on trial. The case is dismissed and he is set by the Lord of Potu to learn the language. Klim learns the language of the Potuans, but this reflects badly on him when the Lord is about to issue him a job, because the Potuans believe that if one perceives a problem at a slow rate, the better it will be understood and solved. But, since he has longer legs than the Potuans, who walk slowly, he is set to be the Lord's personal courier, delivering letters and suchlike. During the course of the book, Klim vividly chronicles the culture of the Potuans, their religion, their way of life and the many different countries located on Nazar. After his two-month-long circumnavigation on foot, he is appalled by the fact that men and women are equal and share the same kind of jobs, so he files a suggestion to the Lord of Potu to remove women from higher positions in society.

His suggestion is poorly received and he is sentenced to be exiled to the inner rim of the Earth's crust. There he becomes familiar with a country inhabited by sentient monkeys, after a few years he becomes emperor of the land of Quama, inhabited by the only creatures in the Underworld that look like humans. There, he fathers a son, but again he is driven from hearth and home due to his tyranny and as he escapes he falls into a hole, which carries him through the crust and back up to Bergen again. There, he is mistaken by the townsfolk to be the Wandering Jew due to a lingual misunderstanding, he learns that he has been away for twelve years, is taken in by his old friend, mayor Abelin, who writes down everything Klim tells him. He receives a job as principal of the college of Bergen, marries. Holberg knew that the satirical content of the novel would cause an uproar in Denmark-Norway, so the book was first published in Germany, in Latin, he thus got a broader audience. The novel made him acclaimed across Europe.

Danish, German and Dutch translations were published in 1741. The book is significant in the history of science fiction, being one of the first science-fiction novels in history along with Johannes Kepler's Somnium, Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon, Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Voltaire's Micromégas. Along with a number of those stories, an excerpt was included in the anthology The Road to Science Fiction, Volume 1: From Gilgamesh to Wells; the work is referenced in Poe's "The Fall of the House of Usher". It is one of the first science fiction novels to use the Hollow Earth concept; the Danish Communist author and artist Hans Scherfig created a graphic retelling of "Niels Klims underjordiske rejse", published in the Danish newspaper Land og folk from 3 July 1955 to 21 January 1956 and as a book at Sirius Publishing House, Denmark in October 1961. The story was adapted to a costly 3 episode TV-series for The Danish Broadcasting Corporation in 1984, starring actor Frits Helmuth in the title role.

In one chapter, Klim refers to Pliny the Elder and his Naturalis Historia when he feels that his descriptions of the Underworld inhabitants would seem too incredible for other humans to believe. There are a few characters in the book. Niels Klim was employed at a church in downtown Bergen, as bellringer, he was a retailer of books and a publisher. Klim's friend in the book, Mayor Abelin, was a real person named Rasmus Christenssen Abelin, he was mayor of Bergen in Klim's lifetime. Niels Klim's journey under the ground at Project Gutenberg Niels Klim's Journey under the Ground public domain audiobook at LibriVox Stories of a Hollow Earth – article by Peter Fitting on Holberg's book, published in The Public Domain Review, 2011

Live at the Star Club, Hamburg

Live at the Star Club is a 1964 live album by rock and roll pianist Jerry Lee Lewis and The Nashville Teens. The album was recorded at the Star-Club in Hamburg, Germany on April 5, 1964, it is regarded by many music journalists as one of the greatest rock and roll albums noted for its hard-hitting energy and Lewis' wild stage presence. The album appears in the book 1001 Albums. Live at the Star Club was produced by Siggi Loch, head of the jazz department at Philips Records. In Joe Bonomo's book Lost And Found, Loch states that "... I realized that there were all of these young British, bands who were playing Chuck Berry and other white American rock & rollers, their big heroes... And I went to the owner and made a proposal to start recording bands at the Star-Club, which I did." According to Loch the recording setup was uncomplicated, with microphones placed as close to the instruments as possible with a stereo mike placed in the audience to capture the ambience. The results were sonically astonishing, with Bonomo observing that "Detractors complain of the album's crashing noisiness, the lack of subtlety with which Jerry Lee revisits the songs, the fact that the piano is mixed too loudly, but what is certain is that Siggi Loch on this spring evening captured something brutally honest about the Killer, about the primal and timeless center of the best rock & roll..."

Sixteen songs were recorded over two sets, the first set comprising "Down The Line," "You Win Again," "High School Confidential," "Your Cheatin' Heart," "Great Balls of Fire," "What'd I Say, "Mean Woman Blues." The second set featured "Good Golly Miss Molly," "Matchbox," "Money," "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On," "Lewis Boogie," "Hound Dog," "Long Tall Sally" and "I'm On Fire." "Down The Line," omitted on the original LP due to a sound fault at the beginning, was released on French Mercury single Les Rois du Rock, Vol. 8: Jerry Lee Lewis and included on CD and LP releases of Bear Family Records. The tapes for "You Win Again" and "I'm On Fire" are believed to have been lost. For decades the album was available only in Europe due to legal constraints. In 2014, Lewis told biographer Rick Bragg "Oh, a big monster record" but that the record company "never paid me a penny." Speaking to Patrick Doyle of Rolling Stone in 2014, Lewis remained proud that he "stuck with rock & roll when the rest of them didn't, I kept the ball rollin' with that."

Live at the Star Club, Hamburg is regarded as one of the greatest live rock and roll albums made. Recorded during his "wilderness years" following the fallout surrounding his 1958 marriage to his thirteen-year-old first cousin once removed Myra, the album showcases Lewis's phenomenal skills as a pianist and singer, honed by relentless touring. In a 5-out-of-5 stars review, Milo Miles raved in Rolling Stone that "Live At The Star Club, Hamburg is not an album, it's a crime scene: Jerry Lee Lewis slaughters his rivals in a thirteen-song set that feels like one long convulsion. Recorded April 5th, 1964, this is the earliest and most feral of Lewis' concert releases from his wilderness years...". Q Magazine commented "This might be the most exciting performance recorded...". The album was included in Mojo's "The 67 Lost Albums You Must Own!" - "n unbelievably seismic document of rock'n' roll so demonic and primal it can keep its stage suit on.... It's up there with James Brown's great live albums."AllMusic said of the album: "Words cannot describe - cannot contain - the performance captured on Live at the Star Club, Hamburg, an album that contains the essence of rock & roll...

Live at the Star Club is extraordinary - the purest, hardest rock & roll committed to record... He sounds possessed, hitting the keys so hard it sounds like they'll break, rocking harder than anybody had before or since. Compared to this, thrash metal sounds tame, the Stooges sound constrained, hardcore punk seems neutered, the Sex Pistols sound like wimps. Rock & roll is about the fire in the performance, nothing sounds as fiery as this, it is no stretch to call this the greatest live album nor is it a stretch to call it the greatest rock & roll album recorded. So, words can't describe the music here — it has to be heard to be believed."Joe Bonomo calls "Mean Woman Blues", the opening number on the album, as "nothing short of a concert in itself". Author Colin Escott describes Lewis's performance of the Hank Williams classic "Your Cheatin' Heart" as a one-man tour-de-force, "a stunning fusion of everything, Jerry Lee Lewis; the bluesy piano licks thrown into the middle of the stone hillbilly classic and a vocal of scorching intensity."

" In the 2014 book Jerry Lee Lewis: His Own Story Rick Bragg marvels that on Live at the Star Club, the piano "sounds like its breaking at times, like he is playing more with a tack hammer than flesh and blood" and deems it "one of the grittiest, most spectacular pieces of recorded music made." Side A Side B Credits for Live at the Star Club, Hamburg adapted from AllMusic. Bibliography Joe Bonomo, Jerry Lee Lewis: Lost and Found, Continuum Books, 2009. Live at the Star Club, Hamburg at Radio3Net Live at the Star Club, Hamburg at Discogs

Ueda Arisawa

Baron Ueda Arisawa was a general in the early Imperial Japanese Army. Ueda was born as the second son to a samurai family from Tokushima Domain and as a youth was a samurai in the service of the Hachisuka clan with a revenue of 300 koku, he fought for the clan during the Boshin War of the Meiji restoration and in February 1869 was made a battalion commander in the fledgling Imperial Japanese Army. He was promoted to captain in 1872 and was commanding a regiment in 1875, he participated in the suppression of the Satsuma Rebellion in 1877, serving in various staff positions afterwards, including chief-of-staff of the Kumamoto Garrison from 1884 to 1889 and, of the IJA 3rd Infantry Division from 1889 to 1891. In June 1891, he was assigned command of the IJA 22nd Infantry Regiment and was promoted to colonel in November of the same year. During the First Sino-Japanese War, Ueda was chief-of-staff of the IJA 5th Division under Lieutenant General Nozu Michitsura and under Lieutenant General Oku Yasukata.

Ueda was awarded the Order of 4th class for his efforts during the war. In September 1897, Ueda was promoted to major general and became commandant of the Army Staff College from October 1898. In February 1901, he was appointed commander of the IJA 22nd Infantry Brigade, was promoted to lieutenant general and chief-of-staff of the Inspectorate General of Military Training in March the following year. In March 1904, soon after the start of the Russo-Japanese War, Ueda was appointed commander of the IJA 5th Infantry Division and deployed to Manchuria, where he led the division at the Battle of Liaoyang and the Battle of Shaho. However, because of the high losses that his division suffered during storming of Putilov Hill during that battle, he was relieved of his command in November 1904 and reassigned to command the Japanese garrison in Taiwan. However, despite this apparent demotion, he was awarded the Order of the Golden Kite, 2nd class, in 1906, was transferred to Hokkaido to command the IJA 7th Infantry Division.

In September 1907, Ueda was ennobled with the title of baron under the kazoku peerage system. In December 1908, he became commander of the Imperial Guards Division. In August 1911, Ueda was appointed senior military commander in Korea, he was promoted to general in February 1912 and was promoted to the honorific title of Senior Third Court Rank He entered the reserves the same year. He retired from service in April 1917, 1884 - Order of the Rising Sun, 4th class 1894 - Order of the Sacred Treasure, 3rd class 1895 - Order of the Golden Kite, 4th class 1895 - The Order of the Rising Sun, 3rd class 1902 - Order of the Sacred Treasure, 2nd class 1906 - Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun 1906 - Order of the Golden Kite, 2nd class Kowner, Rotem. Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War; the Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-4927-5. Fukagawa, Hideki. Army and Navy General Personnel Directory. Tokyo: Fuyo Shobo. ISBN 4829500026. Dupuy, Trevor N.. Encyclopedia of Military Biography. I B Tauris & Co Ltd.

ISBN 1-85043-569-3. Hata, Ikuhiko. Japanese Army and Navy General Encyclopedia. Tokyo: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 4130301357

Chesnaye, Manitoba

Chesnaye is an unincorporated area and railway point in Census division 23 in Northern Manitoba, Canada. The Deer River flows by 1,000 metres to the west of the railway point. Chesnaye was founded with the building of the Hudson Bay Railway in the third decade of the 20th century; when the intended final section line route to Port Nelson was abandoned, the construction of the new route of the final section from Amery north to Churchill, which opened in 1929, led to its founding. Chesnaye lies on the line between the settlements of Cromarty to the south and Lamprey to the north, about 60 kilometres south of Churchill. Chesnaye is the site of Chesnaye railway station, served by the Via Rail Winnipeg–Churchill train

Aquinas College, Stockport

Aquinas College in Stockport, Greater Manchester, England, is a Roman Catholic sixth form college, established in 1980 by the Diocese of Shrewsbury. The college is named after St. Thomas Aquinas; the college is popular among school leavers in the Stockport area, so much so that Aquinas College receives twice as many applications as there are places. The college offers a range of adult education courses. Dominic Monaghan, actor Kate Walsh, field hockey player Matt Walker, Paralympic swimmer DJ Richard Straffon, 97.6 Chiltern FM Sacha Dhawan, actor Ben Murry, renowned Computer Scientist Wallace, star of Wallace and Gromit Official website

Thomas Anson, 2nd Earl of Lichfield

Thomas George Anson, 2nd Earl of Lichfield, known as Viscount Anson from 1831 to 1854, was a British politician from the Anson family. Lichfield was the eldest of four sons and four daughters born to Thomas Anson, 1st Earl of Lichfield, his wife Louisa Catherine. Among his siblings was Augustus Anson, a soldier who received the Victoria Cross, Adelbert John Robert Anson, a clergyman who served as Bishop of Qu'Apelle in Canada, his paternal grandparents were Thomas Anson, 1st Viscount Anson, his wife Anne Margaret, daughter of Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester. His paternal uncle was Major-General the Hon. George Anson, his maternal grandfather was Nathaniel Philips. He was educated in Windsor, England. Between 1846 and 1847, Viscount Anson was with the Foreign Office, he was returned to Parliament for Lichfield in 1847, a seat he held until 1854, when he succeeded his father in the earldom and took his seat in the House of Lords. He succeeded as the 3rd Baron Soberton and the 4th Viscount Anson.

From 1863 to 1871, he served as Lord-Lieutenant of Staffordshire. His seat was Shugborough Hall. In 1876, his Staffordshire estates amounted to 21,433 acres. On 10 April 1855, Lord Lichfield married Lady Harriett Georgiana Louisa, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn and Louisa Hamilton, Duchess of Abercorn. Together, they were the parents of nine sons and four daughters: Thomas Francis Anson, 3rd Earl of Lichfield, who married his cousin, Lady Mildred Coke, daughter of Thomas Coke, 2nd Earl of Leicester. Hon. Sir George Augustus Anson, who married Blanche Mary Miller in 1884. Major Hon. Henry James Anson, who married Lady Adelaide Audrey Ryder, daughter of Henry Ryder, 4th Earl of Harrowby, in 1902. Lady Florence Beatrice Anson, who married Colonel Sir Henry Streatfeild in 1885. Hon. Frederic William Anson, who married Florence Louisa Jane Lane, in 1886. Hon. Claud Anson, who married Lady Clodagh Beresford, daughter of John Beresford, 5th Marquess of Waterford, in 1901. Lady Beatrice Anson, who married Lt.-Col.

Richard Hamilton Rawson in 1890. Hon. Francis Anson, who married Caroline Cleveland of Texas in the United States, in 1892. Lady Mary Maud Anson, who married Hon. Edward Alan Dudley Ryder, son of Henry Ryder, 4th Earl of Harrowby, in 1893. Lady Edith Anson, who married Lionel King, 3rd Earl of Lovelace in 1895. Hon. William Anson, who married actress Louisa van Wagenen in 1917. Lady Evelyn Anson, who did not marry. Hon. Alfred Anson, who in 1912 married Lela Emery, the mother of John J. Emery and Audrey, Princess Romanovskaya-Ilyinskaya. Lord Lichfield died in January 1892, aged 66, was buried at St Stephen's Church in Great Haywood, he was succeeded as Earl of Lichfield by his eldest son Thomas. Lady Lichfield died in 1913. Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990. Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Leigh Rayment's Historical List of Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Lichfield