The Plan Zuid is an urban development plan of Amsterdam South in the city of Amsterdam, designed by architect Hendrik Petrus Berlage. At the beginning of the 20th century, Berlage was asked by the Amsterdam city council to design a plan for developing the area south of the city between the rivers Amstel and Schinkel. In 1904, Berlage presented a plan of winding streets. After research showed that this plan would be costly and inefficient. Berlage presented a new plan in 1914, with narrow streets and long blocks. This plan proved much more feasible and efficient, in 1917 the City Council granted approval to the plan. The New South district was built in the style of the Amsterdam School between 1917 and 1925, consisting of the Stadium District and the Apollo and the Rivers District, a large part of the New Pipe derives from the Plan Zuid. Berlages design was only roughly implemented, on the spot where he had planned a teaching hospital, a large housing association designed by Michel de Klerk and Piet Kramer called the Aurora housing complex was built.
It was opened in July 1922 by the alderman festive Housing, Plan Zuid is window number 34 in the Canon of Amsterdam
Amsterdam-Noord is a borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The borough is situated north of the IJ lake, the body of water separates it from central Amsterdam. On the northwest and northern side the borough borders the municipalities of Zaanstad, Landsmeer, there are 5 passenger ferries for pedestrians and bicycles. There are bus connections with the centre and other parts of Amsterdam and with Purmerend, because the area is physically separated from the rest of the Amsterdam conurbation it is not served by trams. The area will be served by metro when the under construction North-South line opens, Official website Official website for tourists/visitors
Amsterdam Nieuw-West is a borough comprising the most western neighborhoods of the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The borough was created in 2010 after a merger of the former boroughs Osdorp, Geuzenveld-Slotermeer, in 2013, the borough had almost 142,000 inhabitants. Most of the neighborhoods of Amsterdam Nieuw-West were built after 1950 under an urban expansion plan. Centrally located within the borough is Sloterplas lake and the Sloterpark, Nieuw-West is a sprawling, high-density suburban residential area in the west of Amsterdam. It is situated on the territory of the municipality of Sloten, Amsterdam. The plans for the expansion of the city date back to 1935. The neighborhoods in Nieuw-West are designed on the basis of the garden city principles, most of these neighborhoods, known as the Westelijke Tuinsteden were built in the 1950s and 1960s. At the heart of the borough is Sloterplas, a lake, the lake was created as a result of sand extractions needed for the development of the garden city neighborhoods.
The oldest garden city neighborhoods are Slotermeer, Slotervaart, Overtoomse Veld, in the 1990s, a few additional neighborhoods were developed, Nieuw Sloten and De Aker. Since 2001, the borough has been subject to urban renewal projects. Under the Richting Parkstad 2015 plan, thousands of homes were demolished and replaced by new developments, with the renewal projects, the original garden city ideas have been partially abandoned. The city of Amsterdam subsequently decided to apply the same status to the northeast and southwest of Slotermeer, central Osdorp, since the 2014 municipal elections, the district councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller, but still directly elected district committees. The district committees are elected every four years, on the day as the citys central municipal council. Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council. The district committee of Amsterdam Nieuw-West consists of 15 members, the committee was elected on March 19,2014.
Six national political parties and three parties are represented on the committee. In April 2014, the elected its executive committee. Executive committee chair is Achmed Baâdoud, the members are Ronald Mauer
North Holland is a province in the northwest of the Netherlands. It is situated on the North Sea, north of South Holland and Utrecht, in 2015, it had a population of 2,762,163 and a total area of 2,670 km2. From the 9th to the 16th century, the area was a part of the County of Holland. During this period West Friesland was incorporated, in the 17th and 18th century, the area was part of the province of Holland. At that time, the distinction between the Noorderkwartier and the Zuiderkwartier became common, in 1840, the province of Holland was split into the two provinces of North Holland and South Holland. In 1855, the Haarlemmermeer was drained and turned into land, the capital and seat of the provincial government is Haarlem, and Amsterdam, the Netherlands capital city, is the provinces largest city. The Kings Commissioner of North Holland is Johan Remkes, there are 51 municipalities and three water boards in the province. For most of its history, the province of North Holland was an integral part of Holland.
From the 9th century to the 16th century, Holland was a county ruled by the counts of Holland, during this period an area known as West Friesland was conquered and integrated into Holland. For centuries afterwards Holland would be officially called Holland and West Friesland, the people of West Friesland had a strong sense of identity as a region within Holland. From the 16th century to 1795, Holland was the wealthiest and most important province in the United Provinces in the Dutch Republic, as the richest and most powerful province, Holland dominated the union. During this period a distinction was made between the North Quarter and the South Quarter, areas that roughly correspond to the two modern provinces. The province of North Holland as it is today has its origins in the period of French rule from 1795 to 1813 and this was a time of bewildering changes to the Dutch system of provinces. In 1795 the old order was swept away and the Batavian Republic was established, in the Constitution enacted on 23 April 1798, the old borders were radically changed.
The republic was reorganised into eight departments with roughly equal populations, Holland was split up into five departments named Texel, Delf, Schelde en Maas, and Rijn. The first three of these lay within the borders of the old Holland, the two were made up of parts of different provinces. In 1801 the old borders were restored when the department of Holland was created and this reorganisation had been short-lived, but it gave birth to the concept of breaking up Holland and making it a less powerful province. This time the two departments were called Amstelland and Maasland and this did not last long
The Jordaan is a neighbourhood of the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands. It is part of the borough of Amsterdam-Centrum, the area is bordered by the Lijnbaansgracht canal to the west, the Prinsengracht to the east, the Brouwersgracht to the north and the Leidsegracht to the south. The former canal Rozengracht is the main artery through the neighbourhood. Originally a working-class neighbourhood, the Jordaan has become one of the most expensive and it is home to many art galleries, particularly for modern art, and is dotted with speciality shops and restaurants. Markets are held regularly at Noordermarkt, the Westerstraat and Lindengracht, rembrandt spent the last years of his life in the Jordaan, on the Rozengracht canal. He was buried in the Westerkerk church, at the corner of Rozengracht and Prinsengracht, the Anne Frank House, where Anne Frank went into hiding during World War II, is located on the edge of the Jordaan, on the Prinsengracht canal. The most common theory on the origin of the name is as a derivation of the French word jardin, meaning garden, most streets and canals in the Jordaan are named after trees and flowers.
Another theory is that the Prinsengracht canal was once nicknamed Jordaan, the Jordaan has a high concentration of hofjes, many of them with restored houses and peaceful gardens. These courtyards were built by people for elderly women, as a kind of charity. By the 1970s most of these courtyards were in bad shape. Since then, many have been restored and are now inhabited mainly by artists, during the summer some of these yards are opened on Sundays during free concerts known as hofjesconcerten. Many houses in the Jordaan have a tablet on their facade. For instance a butcher displayed a pig and a tailor a pair of scissors, the first such stone tablets were made in the 16th century, when citizens were ordered to use these tablets instead of big wooden gables that obstructed the traffic in the narrow streets. Construction of the Jordaan began in 1612, when it was called Het Nieuwe Werck, the streets and canals were built according to the old ditches and paths, which explains its unusual orientation compared to the rest of the city.
In the 19th century, six of the Jordaans canals were filled in, the neighbourhood was traditionally a leftwing stronghold, with a stormy history. Heavy riots broke out in 1835,1886,1917 and 1934, the February strike of 1941 started with meetings on Noordermarkt square. The Jordaan had a music scene in the 20th century. Several of the most popular musicians now have a statue in their memory at the corner of Prinsengracht and Elandsgracht, the singer Willy Alberti is commemorated with a memorial plaque on the Westerkerk church
Amsterdam-Zuid is a borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The borough was formed in 2010 as a merger of the former boroughs Oud-Zuid, the borough has almost 138,000 inhabitants. With 8,500 homes per square kilometer, it is one of the most densely populated boroughs of Amsterdam and it has the highest income per household of all boroughs in Amsterdam. Amsterdam-Zuid is the borough of Amsterdam situated to the south and southwest of the Singelgracht canal, the Singelgracht canal had been Amsterdams city border since the 17th century, when the Amsterdam canal belt was constructed. The taking down of the surrounding the Singelgracht, the outer canal. South of the wall, the first neighborhoods to develop were the Oude Pijp neighborhood, the neighborhood surrounding the Rijksmuseum. This area is now known as Oud Zuid. In 1917, the area was further developed southwards on the basis of Plan Zuid, berlages plan included wide streets lined with four-story apartment blocks for the middle class. The plan included public art to be installed in the new residential areas, between 1920 and 1940, the Plan Zuid neighborhoods of Nieuwe Pijp, Rivierenbuurt and Apollobuurt were constructed, with many buildings designed in Amsterdam School style.
This area is known as Nieuw Zuid. Another neighborhood built in the 1920s is the Hoofddorppleinbuurt, west of the Schinkel river and this neighborhood is part of Plan West, another urban expansion plan by Berlage which was designed for the western area of the city on the territory of the former municipality of Sloten. In the 1950s and 1960s, the Buitenveldert neighborhood and the smaller Prinses Irenebuurt became the last major developments in the southern part of the city. In 1961, the Amsterdam RAI Exhibition and Convention Centre opened, the A10 motorway, which runs through the southern borough, was constructed in 1962. In 1978, the first section of the Weesp–Leiden railway and the Amsterdam Zuid railway station opened along the part of the A10 motorway. In the 1990s and 2000s, the surrounding the railway station became the rapidly developing business district of Zuidas. Since the 2014 municipal elections, the councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller. The district committees are elected every four years, on the day as the citys central municipal council.
Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council
The Netherlands, informally known as Holland is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a densely populated country located in Western Europe with three territories in the Caribbean. The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom. The three largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam and The Hague, Amsterdam is the countrys capital, while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government. The port of Rotterdam is the worlds largest port outside East-Asia, the name Holland is used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. Netherlands literally means lower countries, influenced by its low land and flat geography, most of the areas below sea level are artificial. Since the late 16th century, large areas have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, with a population density of 412 people per km2 –507 if water is excluded – the Netherlands is classified as a very densely populated country.
Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both a population and higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the worlds second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products and this is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate. In 2001, it became the worlds first country to legalise same-sex marriage, the Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G-10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as being a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EUs criminal intelligence agency Europol and this has led to the city being dubbed the worlds legal capital. The country ranks second highest in the worlds 2016 Press Freedom Index, the Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2013 according to the International Monetary Fund, in 2013, the United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the seventh-happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.
The Netherlands ranks joint second highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the region called Low Countries and the country of the Netherlands have the same toponymy. Place names with Neder, Nieder and Nedre and Bas or Inferior are in use in all over Europe. They are sometimes used in a relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Oben. In the case of the Low Countries / the Netherlands the geographical location of the region has been more or less downstream. The geographical location of the region, changed over time tremendously
Lastage is a neighbourhood in the Centrum district of Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. It is located between the Geldersekade and Oudeschans canals, just east of old medieval city, the neighbourhood is known as Nieuwmarktbuurt. The area is protected as a heritage site, in the 16th century, the marshy land east of the city developed into an industrial and port area of Amsterdam. Halfway through the 16th century, five ropewalks, some ships mast factories, due to the location of the area outside the city wall, taxes were much lower and spatial planning regulations were much less strict. The adjacent bend in the IJ inlet called Waal was shallow, during the Guelderian Wars, the area came under threat several times by the troops of Charles of Guelders. When the nearby towns of Weesp and Muiden came under Charles occupation in the spring of 1508, in December 1512, it was burnt down again, this time at the hands of the Guelders troops. The name Lastage derives from the various ships ballast-related activities that took place here, near the Schreierstoren on the quay along the IJ, a crane was built to lift cargo and anchors.
A ditch was dug between Montelbaansgracht and Geldersekade around 1530, and was named Rechtboomssloot after Cornelis P. Boom, the old stream that ran through the Lastage was named Kromboomssloot. In 1550 there were already 550 houses outside the city walls, in 1564, the residents, backed by the vogt, urged the city government once more to expand the city. Due to the activities in the area posing a fire hazard. When the Dutch Revolt broke out in 1566, and the Duke of Alba instituted the Council of Troubles, several of the landowners in the area fled the city and they would return again in 1578 with new insights and trade contacts in the Baltic Sea area. When a ban on building activities was declared in 1579, the city wanted to expropriate the land in Lastage. On the other hand, the land value made it unacceptable for the city council to consider buying the land instead. In the following years a number of landowners agreed to a value determined by a committee. Two owners, namely the rope maker Claes Burchmansz and Robrecht Cools and were taken to court.
The proceedings were taken all the way up to the highest body and Cools were eventually forced to agree and cooperate, and hastily a defensive rampart was erected, known today as Oudeschans. Around 1586, the city started drawing up plans to determine how the streets, the local landowners were compelled to demolish the existing buildings, such as fences, drying sheds and tar houses, and to raise the land with sand. The city would provide the sand and the stones needed for pavements and embankments, for this amelioration, the landowners would have to pay a yet to be determined sum in tax
A neighbourhood, or neighborhood, is a geographically localised community within a larger city, suburb or rural area. Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members, the Old English word for neighbourhood was neahdæl. ”Most of the earliest cities around the world as excavated by archaeologists have evidence for the presence of social neighbourhoods. Historical documents shed light on life in numerous historical preindustrial or nonwestern cities. Neighbourhoods are typically generated by social interaction among people living near one another, in this sense they are local social units larger than households not directly under the control of city or state officials. In addition to social neighbourhoods, most ancient and historical cities had administrative districts used by officials for taxation, record-keeping, administrative districts are typically larger than neighbourhoods and their boundaries may cut across neighbourhood divisions. In some cases, administrative districts coincided with neighbourhoods, for example, in the T’ang period Chinese capital city Chang’an, neighbourhoods were districts and there were state officials who carefully controlled life and activity at the neighbourhood level.
Neighbourhoods in preindustrial cities often had some degree of social specialisation or differentiation, ethnic neighbourhoods were important in many past cities and remain common in cities today. One factor contributing to neighbourhood distinctiveness and social cohesion in past cities was the role of rural to urban migration and this was a continual process in preindustrial cities, and migrants tended to move in with relatives and acquaintances from their rural past. Neighbourhoods have been the site of delivery or service interventions in part as efforts to provide local, quality services. Alfred Kahn, as early as the mid-1970s, described the experience and fads of neighbourhood service delivery over the decade, including discussion of income transfers. Neighbourhoods, as an aspect of community, are the site of services for youth, including children with disabilities. While the term neighbourhood organisation is not as common in 2015, community and economic development activists have pressured for reinvestment in local communities and neighbourhoods.
Community and Economic Development may be understood in different ways, and may involve faith-based groups, urban sociology even has a subset termed neighbourhood sociology which supports the study of local communities and the diversity of urban neighbourhoods. Neighbourhoods are used in studies from postal codes and health disparities. Neighbourhoods are convenient, and always accessible, since you are already in your neighbourhood when you walk out your door, successful neighbourhood action frequently requires little specialised technical skill, and often little or no money. Action may call for an investment of time, but material costs are often low, with neighbourhood action, compared to activity on larger scales, results are more likely to be visible and quickly forthcoming. The streets are cleaner, the crosswalk is painted, the trees are planted and swift results are indicators of success, and since success is reinforcing, the probability of subsequent neighbourhood action is increased.
The social support that a neighbourhood may provide can serve as a buffer against various forms of adversity