click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Nightstand

A nightstand, alternatively night table, bedside table, daystand or bedside cabinet, is a small table or cabinet designed to stand beside a bed or elsewhere in a bedroom. Modern nightstands are small bedside tables with one or sometimes more drawers and/or shelves and less with a small door, they are used to support items that might be useful during the night, such as a table lamp, alarm clock, reading matter, cell phone, desktop intercom, a drink, or medication. Before indoor flush toilets became commonplace, the main function of a nightstand was to contain a chamber pot; as a result, early nightstands were small cabinets, sometimes fitted with a drawer, containing an enclosed storage space below covered by one or more doors. Another term sometimes given to such cabinets was commode. French and Spanish antique nightstands have one drawer and an enclosed storage space with one door, they can be embellished with gold leaf finish, bronze or parquetry inlaid

Teresa Borsuk

Teresa Anna Borsuk is a British architect. She is senior partner at the architectural firm Pollard Thomas Edwards, was named Woman Architect of the Year by Architects' Journal in 2015. Teresa Anna Borsuk was born in November 1956, she was interested in architecture from a young age. She attended The Bartlett School of Architecture at University College London, receiving her Graduate Diploma in Architecture in 1981, she spent a scholarship year at the University of Kansas. The first architectural firm where Borsuk practised was DEGW, an architecture and design company founded by Frank Duffy, Peter Eley, Luigi Giffone and John Worthington that specialised in workplace design, her first project was a conversion of Christie's offices in Amsterdam. She joined the practice Pollard Thomas Edwards in 1984 and has since completed projects in housing and mixed-use developments; these projects include the award-winning project'The Granary', Walthamstow Town Centre in Walthamstow, Greater London, the restoration of the Royal Gunpowder Mills in Waltham Abbey.

Borsuk was appointed executive director of Pollard Thomas Edwards in 1999 and became senior partner in 2014 as the firm celebrated its 40th anniversary. In the same year Borsuk completed a 76-home residential development called "The Avenue" in Saffron Walden, Essex. In 2015 she was named Woman Architect of the Year by Architects' Journal for her efforts to improve gender equality in her practice.

Nikolai Getman

Nikolai Getman, an artist, was born in 1917 in Kharkiv and died at his home in Orel, Russia, in August 2004. He was a prisoner from 1946 to 1953 in forced labor camps in Siberia and Kolyma, where he survived as a result of his ability to sketch for the propaganda requirements of the authorities, he is remembered as one of few artists who has recorded the life of prisoners in the Gulag in the form of paintings. Getman had a difficult childhood in Ukraine close to starvation, but from the beginning was able to develop his natural artistic talents. After graduating from technical college in 1937, he attended the Kharkiv Art College in order to become a professional artist. Three years he was called up to join the Red Army, where he served until the end of World War II. Shortly after his return, he was arrested for participating in anti-Soviet propaganda as a result of a caricature of Stalin one of his friends had drawn on a cigarette box, he was sent to the Gulag prison camps in Siberia. During the eight years Getman spent at Taishetlag and Svitlag, he started to develop his plan to record the horrors of the camp conditions in the form of paintings.

While he could not paint in the camps, he took careful note of all that transpired. When he started to paint after his release in 1953, he still had to do so in secret as he would otherwise have been convicted once again even sentenced to death. In his own words: "I undertook the task because I was convinced that it was my duty to leave behind a testimony to the fate of the millions of prisoners who died"The Heritage Foundation provides access to all 50 of Getman's paintings together with explanations of their significance, their impact is effective in providing visual representations of the conduct of the camps, the harsh working conditions, the severe climate and the fate of the prisoners themselves. The Gulag paintings were not shown until 1993 at a private exhibition in the gallery of the Russian Artists' Union in Orel. In 1995, there was a special ceremony in the Turgenev Theatre in Orel where a Getman exhibition entitled "The Gulag in the Eyes of an Artist" was opened in the presence of the artist and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, author of The Gulag Archipelago.

In June 1997, the private exhibition "The Gulag in the Eyes of an Artist" was displayed at the U. S. Congress in Washington, D. C. In 1953, after his release, Getman worked as an artist in the House of Culture in Yagodnoe in Magadan Oblast. In 1956, he took part in an exhibition of the works of artists from Siberia and the Kolyma region and became a candidate for the USSR Union of Artists in 1957. In April 1963, he took part in the Second Congress of the USSR Artists' Union in Moscow, in 1964 became a member of the USSR Artists' Union, he helped organize the Magadan Artists' Union and became director of the Magadan section of the Arts Foundation of the RSFSR from 1963 to 1966. In 1976, he moved from Magadan to Orel, where he had a studio in the local branch of the Russian Artists' Union. During this period he was required to paint a number of portraits of political figures, he participated in several art exhibitions across the Soviet Union as well as in Germany, Bulgaria and The Netherlands. Getman is quite clear about his goal: "Some may say that the Gulag is a forgotten part of history and that we do not need to be reminded.

But I have witnessed monstrous crimes. It is not too late to reveal them, it is essential to do so. Some have expressed fear on seeing some of my paintings that I might end up in Kolyma again—this time for good, but the people must be reminded...of one of the harshest acts of political repression in the Soviet Union. My paintings may help achieve this."A book with his paintings was published by Jamestown Foundation in 2001. Getman, Nikolai: The Gulag Collection: Paintings of the Soviet Penal System, The Jamestown Foundation, 2001, 131 p. ISBN 0-9675009-1-5 Eufrosinia Kersnovskaya "THE GULAG COLLECTION: PAINTINGS OF THE SOVIET PENAL SYSTEM BY FORMER PRISONER NIKOLAI GETMAN" "Getman Paintings: The Soviet GULAG @ Heritage Foundation

Mitsunori Yamao

Mitsunori Yamao is a former Japanese football player. Yamao was born in Nagoya on April 13, 1973. After graduating from Aichi Gakuin University, he joined his local club Nagoya Grampus Eight in 1996; however he could not play at all in the match. In 1997, he moved to Japan Football League club Ventforet Kofu, he played as regular player as center back in 2 seasons. In 1999, he moved to newly was promoted to FC Tokyo; the club was promoted to J1 League from 2000. Although he played as center back, he could not play many matches. In May 2002, he moved to J2 club Cerezo Osaka, he played many matches and the club was promoted to J1. In 2003, he moved to J2 club Yokohama FC, he played as regular player as center back in 3 seasons. He retired end of 2005 season. Mitsunori Yamao at J. League jsgoal.jp

J. Powell Royall

John Powell Royall was an American lawyer and politician who served as a member of the Virginia Senate, representing the state's 3rd district from 1912 to 1920. He was selected as the Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 1933 and Governor of Virginia in 1937, losing both times in the general election to former state delegate James Hubert Price. Royall's wife, Jennie McDonald Bowen came from a prominent Southwest Virginia political family, her paternal grandfather, Rees Tate Bowen, uncle, Henry Bowen, both served in the United States House of Representatives. J. Powell Royall at The Virginia Elections and State Elected Officials Database Project, 1776-2007 J. Powell Royall at Find a Grave

Wang Lixiong

Wang Lixiong is a Chinese writer and scholar, best known for his political prophecy fiction, Yellow Peril, for his writings on Tibet and provocative analysis of China's western region of Xinjiang. Wang is regarded as one of the most outspoken dissidents, democracy activists, reformers in China, he is married to a Tibetan poet and essayist. Wang Lixiong was born in 1953 at Changchun in Jilin province, his mother was a playwright with the Changchun Film Group Corporation and his father, Wang Shaolin, was the vice president of China First Automobile Works, committed suicide in 1968 after being imprisoned during the Cultural Revolution. Wang was sent to countryside for four years from 1969 to 1973 following Mao Zedong's Down to the Countryside Movement. In 1973, he was admitted into Jilin University of Technology, was assigned to work in China First Automobile Works after graduation. In 1991, Yellow Peril was published by Mirror Books under pseudonym Bao Mi, painted an apocalyptic scenario in which civil war erupts between north and south China - with Nationalist-ruled Taiwan backing the south - and ends in nuclear conflict and millions of starving refugees spilling across borders.

For years, the author of one of the best-selling novels in the Chinese-speaking world was known to readers as "Bao Mi", for Wang’s own protection because he broke taboos and spelled China's doomsday. Yellow Peril was translated into English as China Tidal Wave. Beginning with his solitary adventure rafting across Tibet plateau along the upper reaches of Yellow River in 1984, after more than a decade study of Tibet during which he had been to Tibet dozens of times and lived in that region for more than two years, Wang finished his book Sky Burial: The Fate of Tibet in 1998; the book, with the honest and unbiased views through investigation of histories, detailed analysis of issues and comprehensive supporting data won him high regards from both the supporters of Chinese government and followers of The Dalai Lama, became a mandate in Tibet study. From 1991 to 1994, he wrote a book of political theory, Dissolving Power: A Successive Multi-Level Electoral System, which drew tremendous disruptive responses although he himself valued it the most – some believed it offers a promising solution that China could and should adopt for a smooth transition towards democracy, some think it is purely a dream of utopia.

After ten more years of further study in progressive democracy, he completed another political theory book Bottom up Democracies in 2006. Realizing that it is not possible to promote his theory in China and make it a political reality, he started to research on internet development trying to find the linchpin which will connect his theory with real world. In 1994, Wang Lixiong initiated as one of the founders The Friends of Nature, an environment protection organization, the first non-governmental organization in China, was forced to resign in 2003 on the request from Chinese government. To support Tenzin Delek Rinpoche, an important Tibetan Lama of the region of Litang, accused of being involved in a bomb attack and sentenced to death penalty, On December 13, 2002 Wang Lixiong and 24 other Chinese intellectuals issued a petition requesting the right to appoint independent lawyers for Rinpoche's trial, as well as the right for local and international media to cover the trial and interview Chinese government officials.

In 2001, Wang issued a public statement on his decision to resign from Chine Writers Association: “It is not only acquiescence, demanded, but the annihilation of the whole personality, of all conscience and of all individual pride, that we are being made into crouching dogs. Belonging to this organization is no longer an honor, on the contrary, is a shame of any writer worthy of the name”. Believing that the Dalai Lama is the key to resolve the issues of Tibet, Wang Lixiong, together with other Chinese intellectuals urged Chinese authorities to take the middle way approach proposed by the Dalai Lama into serious consideration as it showed the deepest sincerity from the Dalai lama, should be treated as the basis for any further negotiations for the future of Tibet, he was invited 4 times to meet with the Dalai Lama with regard to this matter. His analysis of middle way was elaborated in his work Unlocking Tibet, and his meeting with the Dalai Lama was documented in his article Dialogues with the Dalai Lama.

In the wake of Tibet riot on 3/10/2008, with the support from the pro-democracy activities in China, urged the Chinese government to invite UN investigators to Tibet to change the international community’s distrust of China, on March 22, 2008, issued a 12-point petition about the situation in Tibet. Wang first began to study Xinjiang in 1999; when conducting research for a book following the same suit of Sky Burial: The Fate of Tibet, he was arrested for photocopying an internal publication - stamped as “secret” - of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. Refusing to recant or promise collaboration in order to obtain his release, he attempted suicide in the high-security prison in Miquan, he recorded the incident in a short essay entitled Memories of Xinjiang published in 2001. In prison, he shared a cell with an Uyghur prisoner arrested in Beijing for organizing a demonstration protesting discrimination, with whom he entered into a long and ongoing discussion on Xinjiang which formed the backbone of his book My West China.

In this book, Wang concluded that Xinjiang’s issues had dangerously “Palestinized.” The Xinjiang riot in July 2009 prove