A baseball uniform is a type of uniform worn by baseball players and, uniquely to baseball, coaches. Most baseball uniforms have the names and uniform numbers of players who wear them on the backs of the uniforms to distinguish players from each other. Baseball shirts, shoes, socks and gloves are parts of baseball uniforms. Most uniforms have different logos and colors to aid players and spectators in distinguishing the two teams from each other and the officials, they are made out of polyester instead of cotton. Baseball uniforms were first worn by the New York Knickerbockers Baseball Club in 1849. Today, sales of replica uniforms and derivative branded products generate large amounts of income for Major League teams through merchandising; the New York Knickerbockers were the first baseball team to wear uniforms, taking the field on April 4, 1849, in pants made of blue wool, white flannel shirts and straw hats. The practice of wearing a uniform soon spread, by 1900, all Major League Baseball teams had adopted them.
By 1882 most uniforms included stockings, which covered the leg from foot to knee, were used to differentiate one club from another. The uniforms themselves had different colors and patterns that reflected the different baseball positions. In the late 1880s, the Detroit Wolverines and Washington Nationals of the National League and the Brooklyn Bridegrooms of the American Association were the first to wear striped uniforms. By the end of the 19th century, teams began the practice of wearing one of two different uniforms, one when they played in their own baseball stadium and a different one when they played on the road, it became common to wear one of gray, solid dark blue, or black on the road. An early example of this is the Brooklyn Superbas, who started to use a blue pattern for their road uniforms in 1907. In 1916, on the New York Giants' road uniforms, purple lines gave their uniforms a tartan-like effect, another kind of road uniform was a solid dark blue or black material with white around this time.
The Kansas City Athletics' home and road uniforms were changed by Charles O. Finley in 1963, to the colors of gold and green; some teams used light blue for their road uniforms from the 1970s to the early 1990s. Early striped patterns developed into long stripes along the length of the uniforms, called pinstriping; this was first worn on some major league baseball team's uniforms in 1907, the pinstripes were widened in 1912, so that the crowd could see them more clearly. The Brooklyn Bridegrooms used checked uniforms in 1889, brought them back in 1907 and 1916–1917. Satin uniforms were developed by several teams including the Brooklyn Dodgers for night games, as the sheen of the fabric was more reflective and thus easier to see. Pinstripes were worn on the uniforms of the New York Yankees. Legend had it that the stripes were adopted to make Babe Ruth look slimmer, but since the Yankees had been wearing pinstripes a few years before Ruth played for them in 1920, the legend was found to be a myth.
The Yankees' pinstripes on their home uniforms soon became a team symbol. In 1916, the Cleveland Indians became the first team to add numbers on their uniforms, positioned on the left sleeve of the home uniforms only. In 1929, numbers were first added on the backs of uniforms by the New York Yankees and the Cleveland Indians. By 1932, all major league baseball teams had numbers on their players' uniforms; the Brooklyn Dodgers, in 1952, became the first baseball team to add numbers to the fronts of their uniforms. In 1960, the Chicago White Sox were the first team to place players' names on the back of their jerseys, doing so on their road jerseys. In most parts of the world, numbers are no more than two digits long. Major league teams assign the highest numbers in spring training to the players who are not expected to make the regular-season roster. Two Hall of Famers who wore high numbers are Don Drysdale, who wore #53 for the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers, Carlton Fisk, who wore #72 for the Chicago White Sox.
Caps, or other types of headgear with eye-shades, have been a part of baseball uniforms from the beginning. From the 1840s to the 1870s, baseball players wore various types of hats, or no cap at all, since there was no official rule regarding headgear. Examples included full-brimmed straw hats such as boating caps, jockey caps, cycling caps, flat-topped caps; the Brooklyn Excelsiors was the first team to wear what would become the modern baseball cap, with its distinctive rounded top and peak, in the 1860s. By the early years of the twentieth century, this style of cap had become common, but some teams revived the flat-topped cap, such as the New York Giants in 1916 and the Pittsburgh Pirates as as during the 1979 World Series. Over time, the peak has enlarged to further protect the player's eyes from the sun. More players have worn hats with fold-down ear flaps in cold weather. In the late 19th century, soft but durable leather shoes were the preferred choice of baseball players. In the 1970s, as artificial turf became prominent on developed count
Willie Howard Mays, Jr. nicknamed "The Say Hey Kid", is an American former Major League Baseball center fielder who spent all of his 22-season career playing for the New York/San Francisco Giants, before finishing with the New York Mets. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1979. Mays won two National League Most Valuable Player awards, he ended his career with 660 home runs—third at the time of his retirement and fifth all-time—and won a record-tying 12 Gold Glove awards beginning in 1957, when the award was introduced. Mays shares the record of most All-Star Games played with Hank Aaron and Stan Musial. In appreciation of his All-Star record, Ted Williams said "They invented the All-Star Game for Willie Mays."Mays' career statistics and his longevity in the pre-performance-enhancing drugs era have drawn speculation that he may be the finest five-tool player and many surveys and expert analyses, which have examined Mays' relative performance, have led to a growing opinion that Mays was the greatest all-around offensive baseball player of all time.
In 1999, Mays placed second on The Sporting News's "List of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players", making him the highest-ranking living player. That year, he was elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. Mays is one of five National League players to have had eight consecutive 100-RBI seasons, along with Mel Ott, Sammy Sosa, Chipper Jones, Albert Pujols. Mays hit over 50 home runs in 1955 and 1965, representing the longest time span between 50-plus home run seasons for any player in Major League Baseball history, his final Major League Baseball appearance came on October 16 during Game 3 of the 1973 World Series. Mays was born in 1931 in Westfield, Alabama, a former black settlement near Fairfield, his father, Cat Mays, was a talented baseball player with the Negro team for the local iron plant. His mother, Annie Satterwhite, was a gifted track star in high school, his parents never married. As a baby, Mays was cared for by his mother's younger sisters Ernestine. Sarah became the primary female role model in Mays' life.
At age 3 Mays' parents separated. Though his mother remarried, his father took in a set of older orphan girls to help with raising young Willie. Mays always saw these two as his aunts, his father exposed him to baseball at an early age, by the age of five he was playing catch with his father. At age 10, Mays was allowed to sit on the bench of his father's League games. Mays played multiple sports at Fairfield Industrial High School, averaging a then-record 17 points a game in basketball and more than 40 yards a punt in football, while playing quarterback. Mays graduated from Fairfield in 1950. Mays' professional baseball career began in 1947. A short time Mays left the Choo-Choos and returned to his home state to join the Birmingham Black Barons of the Negro American League. Mays helped them win the pennant and advance to the 1948 Negro League World Series, where they lost the series 4-1 to the Homestead Grays. Mays hit a respectable.262 for the season, but it was his excellent fielding and baserunning that made him a standout.
By playing professionally with the Black Barons, Mays jeopardized his opportunities to play high school sports in Alabama. This created some problems for him with high school administrators at Fairfield, who wanted him to help the teams and ticket sales. Over the next several years, a number of major league baseball franchises sent scouts to watch him play; the first was the Boston Braves. The scout who discovered him, Bud Maughn, had been following him for over a year and referred him to the Braves, who packaged a deal that called for $7,500 down and $7,500 in 30 days, they planned to give Mays $6,000. The obstacle in the deal was that Tom Hayes, owner of the Birmingham Black Barons, wanted to keep Mays for the balance of the season. Had the team been able to act more the Braves franchise might have had both Mays and Hank Aaron in their outfield from 1954 to 1973; the Brooklyn Dodgers scouted him and wanted Ray Blades to negotiate a deal, but were too late. The New York Giants had signed Mays for $4,000 and assigned him to their Class-B affiliate in Trenton, New Jersey.
After Mays batted.353 in Trenton, he began the 1951 season with the class AAA Minneapolis Millers of the American Association. During his short time span in Minneapolis, Mays played with two other future Hall of Famers: Hoyt Wilhelm and Ray Dandridge. Batting.477 in 35 games and playing excellent defense, Mays was called up to the Giants on May 24, 1951. Mays was at a movie theater in Iowa when he found out he was being called up. A message flashed up on the screen that said: "WILLIE MAYS CALL YOUR HOTEL." He appeared in his first major league game the next day in Philadelphia. Mays moved to Harlem, New York, where his mentor was a New York State Boxing Commission official and former Harlem Rens basketball legend "Strangler" Frank Forbes. Mays began his major league career with no hits in his first 12 at bats. On his 13th at-bat, however, he hit a towering home run over the left field roof of the Polo Grounds off of future Hall of Famer Warren Spahn. Spahn joked, "I'll never forgive myself. We might have gotten rid of Willie forever if I'd only struck him out."
Mays's batting average improved throughout the rest of the season. Although his.274 average, 68 RBI and 20 homers were among the lowest of his career, he still won the 1951 Rookie of the Year Award. During the Giants' comeback in August and September 1951 to tie the Dodgers in the pennant race, Mays'
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990 film)
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles is a 1990 American martial arts superhero comedy film directed by Steve Barron. Based on the fictional superhero team of the same name, the story follows Splinter and the turtles, their meeting April O'Neil and Casey Jones, their confrontation with Shredder and his Foot Clan, it stars Judith Hoag, Elias Koteas, the voices of Brian Tochi, Robbie Rist, Corey Feldman, Josh Pais. The film is an adaptation of the early Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles comics, with several elements taken from the animated TV series airing at the time; the turtle costumes were developed by Jim Henson's Creature Shop, one of Henson's last projects before his death shortly after the premiere. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles became the highest-grossing independent film at the time, the ninth-highest-grossing film worldwide of 1990, the highest-grossing film in the series until the 2014 reboot, it was followed by two sequels, The Secret of the Ooze in 1991 and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles III in 1993.
As a crime wave rises in New York City, reporter April O'Neil covers the mysterious ninja Foot Clan. The Shredder, the Foot leader, orders April silenced, she is knocked unconscious. Raphael, one of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, emerges from the shadows, defeats the Foot, carries her to the turtles' hideout, unaware that one of the Foot is following him. Splinter, their rat master, explains to April that he and the turtles were once ordinary animals, but were mutated into intelligent creatures by toxic waste. After the turtles escort April home, they find Splinter kidnapped, they spend the night there. Danny Pennington, the delinquent son of April's supervisor Charles Pennington, is recruited by the Foot. After bailing Danny out of jail for robbery and truancy, Charles stops at April's apartment, where Danny glimpses one of the turtles hiding, he reports this to Shredder. At April's apartment and Leonardo argue. Raphael goes to the roof, he is knocked unconscious and the turtles scramble to defend themselves, assisted by the vigilante Casey Jones.
The building catches fire during the melee, the turtles retreat to a farm belonging to April's family. Raphael recovers and the turtles train while Casey fall in love. Leo contacts Splinter through meditation, the turtles return to New York to rescue him. Danny has secretly been taking counsel from Splinter, who tells him the story of his master Hamato Yoshi's murder by a rival ninja, Oroku Saki, over the love of a woman, while Splinter was an ordinary rat. During the struggle, Splinter's cage was broken and he lunged at Saki's face and biting him. Saki, sliced off part of his ear with a katana; when Danny learns Shredder intends to have Splinter killed, he and Casey set him free. Splinter reveals to the other teens who have been recruited by the Foot that the Shredder has been brainwashing them to do his dirty work. Realizing this, they all resign from the Foot; the turtles engage the Foot in battle. As the Shredder prepares to kill Leonardo, Splinter challenges him to a fight. Splinter names Shredder as Oroku Saki.
He charges Splinter, who ensnares the Shredder's yari with Michelangelo's nunchaku, leaving him dangling over the roof's edge. Shredder throws a knife from his belt, but when Splinter reaches to catch it, his grip is released and Saki falls into a garbage truck. Casey pulls the lever "accidentally" to activate the compactor; as the police arrive and arrest the foot soldiers, the teens tell them. Reunited with Splinter, the turtles watch as Casey kiss. Judith Hoag as April O'Neil, a reporter for Channel 3 News Elias Koteas as Casey Jones, a streetwise vigilante and former ice hockey player who becomes an ally of the turtles Michael Turney as Danny Pennington, Charles's teenage son and a member of The Foot Jay Patterson as Charles Pennington, April's boss Raymond Serra as Chief Sterns, the Police Chief of New York City James Saito as Oroku Saki / The Shredder, the founder of a network of runaways-turned-thieves and the main antagonist of the film Toshishiro Obata as Tatsu, Shredder's second-in-command Sam Rockwell as Head ThugSkeet Ulrich and Scott Wolf appear, uncredited, as members of the Foot.
Brian Tochi as Leonardo, the leader of the Turtles and the closest to Splinter Corey Feldman as Donatello, the brains of the Turtles Josh Pais as Raphael, the rebellious and angry Turtle Robbie Rist as Michelangelo, the fun-loving, party Turtle Kevin Clash as Splinter, the Turtles' master. David McCharen as Oroku Saki / The Shredder Michael McConnohie as Tatsu Martin P. Robinson as Leonardo David Forman as Leonardo David Rudman as Donatello Leif Tilden as Donatello David Greenaway as Raphael Josh Pais as Raphael Mak Wilson as Michelangelo Michelan Sisti as Michaelangelo Ernie Reyes, Jr. as Donatello in-suit martial arts stunt double Kevin Clash as Splinter Rickey Boyd as Splinter Robert Tygner as Splinter All four actors who played the in-suit turtles appeared in cameos, with David Forman as a gang member, Michelan Sisti as a pizza delivery man, Leif Tilden as a messenger of The Foot and Josh Pais as a passenger in a taxi. Pais was the only actor to provide his voice; the script is based on the early Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles comics, including the stories of the turtles' origin
Batman is a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in 1939. Named the "Bat-Man," the character is referred to by such epithets as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight, the World's Greatest Detective. Batman's secret identity is Bruce Wayne, a wealthy American playboy and owner of Wayne Enterprises. After witnessing the murder of his parents Dr. Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne as a child, he swore vengeance against criminals, an oath tempered by a sense of justice. Bruce Wayne trains himself physically and intellectually and crafts a bat-inspired persona to fight crime. Batman operates in the fictional Gotham City with assistance from various supporting characters, including his butler Alfred, police commissioner Jim Gordon, vigilante allies such as Robin. Unlike most superheroes, Batman does not possess any inhuman superpowers, he does, possess a genius-level intellect, is a peerless martial artist, his vast wealth affords him an extraordinary arsenal of weaponry and equipment.
A large assortment of villains make up Batman's rogues gallery, including the Joker. The character became popular soon after his introduction in 1939 and gained his own comic book title, the following year; as the decades went on, differing interpretations of the character emerged. The late 1960s Batman television series used a camp aesthetic, which continued to be associated with the character for years after the show ended. Various creators worked to return the character to his dark roots, culminating in 1986 with The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller; the success of Warner Bros. Pictures' live-action Batman feature films have helped maintain the character's prominence in mainstream culture. Batman has been licensed and featured in various adaptations, from radio to television and film, appears in merchandise sold around the world, such as apparel and video games. Kevin Conroy, Rino Romano, Anthony Ruivivar, Peter Weller, Bruce Greenwood, Jason O'Mara, Will Arnett, among others, have provided the character's voice for animated adaptations.
Batman has been depicted in both film and television by Lewis Wilson, Robert Lowery, Adam West, Michael Keaton, Val Kilmer, George Clooney, Christian Bale, Ben Affleck. In early 1939, the success of Superman in Action Comics prompted editors at National Comics Publications to request more superheroes for its titles. In response, Bob Kane created "the Bat-Man". Collaborator Bill Finger recalled that "Kane had an idea for a character called'Batman,' and he'd like me to see the drawings. I went over to Kane's, he had drawn a character who looked much like Superman with kind of... reddish tights, I believe, with boots... no gloves, no gauntlets... with a small domino mask, swinging on a rope. He had two stiff wings, and under it was a big sign... BATMAN"; the bat-wing-like cape was suggested by Bob Kane, inspired as a child by Leonardo Da Vinci's sketch of an ornithopter flying device. Finger suggested giving the character a cowl instead of a simple domino mask, a cape instead of wings, gloves. Finger said he devised the name Bruce Wayne for the character's secret identity: "Bruce Wayne's first name came from Robert Bruce, the Scottish patriot.
Wayne, being a playboy, was a man of gentry. I searched for a name. I tried Adams, Hancock... I thought of Mad Anthony Wayne." He said his suggestions were influenced by Lee Falk's popular The Phantom, a syndicated newspaper comic-strip character with which Kane was familiar. Kane and Finger drew upon contemporary 1930s popular culture for inspiration regarding much of the Bat-Man's look, personality and weaponry. Details find predecessors in pulp fiction, comic strips, newspaper headlines, autobiographical details referring to Kane himself; as an aristocratic hero with a double identity, Batman had predecessors in the Scarlet Pimpernel and Zorro. Like them, Batman performed his heroic deeds in secret, averted suspicion by playing aloof in public, marked his work with a signature symbol. Kane noted the influence of the films The Mark of Zorro and The Bat Whispers in the creation of the character's iconography. Finger, drawing inspiration from pulp heroes like Doc Savage, The Shadow, Dick Tracy, Sherlock Holmes, made the character a master sleuth.
In his 1989 autobiography, Kane detailed Finger's contributions to Batman's creation: One day I called Bill and said,'I have a new character called the Bat-Man and I've made some crude, elementary sketches I'd like you to look at.' He came over and I showed him the drawings. At the time, I only had a small domino mask, like the one Robin wore, on Batman's face. Bill said,'Why not make him look more like a bat and put a hood on him, take the eyeballs out and just put slits for eyes to make him look more mysterious?' At this point, the Bat-Man wore a red union suit. I thought that black would be a good combination. Bill said that the costume was too bright:'Color it dark grey to make it look more ominous.' The cape looked like two stiff bat wings attached to his arms. As Bill and I talked, we realized that these wings would get cumbersome when Bat-Man was in action and changed them into a cape, scalloped to look like bat wings when he was fighting or swinging down on a rope, he didn't have any gloves on, we added them so that he wouldn't leave fingerprints.
Kane signed away ownership in
National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located in Cooperstown, New York, operated by private interests. It serves as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, displays baseball-related artifacts and exhibits, honors those who have excelled in playing and serving the sport; the Hall's motto is "Preserving History, Honoring Excellence, Connecting Generations." The word Cooperstown is used as shorthand for the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum to Canton for the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. The Hall of Fame was established in 1939 by the owner of a local hotel. Clark had sought to bring tourists to a city hurt by the Great Depression, which reduced the local tourist trade, Prohibition, which devastated the local hops industry. A new building was constructed, the Hall of Fame was dedicated on June 12, 1939; the erroneous claim that Civil War hero Abner Doubleday invented baseball in Cooperstown was instrumental in the early marketing of the Hall.
An expanded library and research facility opened in 1994. Dale Petroskey became the organization's president in 1999. In 2002, the Hall launched Baseball As America, a traveling exhibit that toured ten American museums over six years; the Hall of Fame has since sponsored educational programming on the Internet to bring the Hall of Fame to schoolchildren who might not visit. The Hall and Museum completed a series of renovations in spring 2005; the Hall of Fame presents an annual exhibit at FanFest at the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. Jeff Idelson replaced Petroskey as president on April 16, 2008, he had been acting as president since March 25, 2008, when Petroskey was forced to resign for having "failed to exercise proper fiduciary responsibility" and making "judgments that were not in the best interest of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum." Among baseball fans, "Hall of Fame" means not only the museum and facility in Cooperstown, New York, but the pantheon of players, umpires and pioneers who have been enshrined in the Hall.
The first five men elected were Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson and Walter Johnson, chosen in 1936. As of January 2018, 323 people had been elected to the Hall of Fame, including 226 former Major League Baseball players, 35 Negro league baseball players and executives, 22 managers, 10 umpires, 30 pioneers and organizers. 114 members of the Hall of Fame have been inducted posthumously, including four who died after their selection was announced. Of the 35 Negro league members, 29 were inducted posthumously, including all 24 selected since the 1990s; the Hall of Fame includes Effa Manley. The newest members elected on January 22, 2019, are players Edgar Martínez, Roy Halladay, Mike Mussina and Mariano Rivera, with Rivera becoming the first player to be elected unanimously. Players are inducted into the Hall of Fame through election by either the Baseball Writers' Association of America, or the Veterans Committee, which now consists of four subcommittees, each of which considers and votes for candidates from a separate era of baseball.
Five years after retirement, any player with 10 years of major league experience who passes a screening committee is eligible to be elected by BBWAA members with 10 years' membership or more who have been covering MLB at any time in the 10 years preceding the election. From a final ballot including 25–40 candidates, each writer may vote for up to 10 players. Any player named on 75% or more of all ballots cast is elected. A player, named on fewer than 5% of ballots is dropped from future elections. In some instances, the screening committee had restored their names to ballots, but in the mid-1990s, dropped players were made permanently ineligible for Hall of Fame consideration by the Veterans Committee. A 2001 change in the election procedures restored. Players receiving 5% or more of the votes but fewer than 75% are reconsidered annually until a maximum of ten years of eligibility. Under special circumstances, certain players may be deemed eligible for induction though they have not met all requirements.
Addie Joss was elected despite only playing nine seasons before he died of meningitis. Additionally, if an otherwise eligible player dies before his fifth year of retirement that player may be placed on the ballot at the first election at least six months after his death. Roberto Clemente's induction in 1973 set the precedent when the writers chose to put him up for consideration after his death on New Year's Eve, 1972; the five-year waiting period was established in 1954 after an evolutionary process. In 1936 all players were eligible, including active ones. From the 1937 election until the 1945 election, there was no waiting period, so any retired player was eligible, but writers were discouraged from voting for current major leaguers. Since there was no formal rule preventing a writer from casting a ballot for an active player, the scribes did not always comply with the informal guideline.
José Canseco Capas Jr. is a Cuban-American former Major League Baseball outfielder and designated hitter. During his time with the Oakland A's, he established himself as one of the premier power hitters in the game, he won the Rookie of the Year, Most Valuable Player award, was a six-time All-Star. Canseco is a two-time World Series winner with the New York Yankees. Canseco became the first player to hit 40 home runs and steal 40 bases in one season in 1988 and won the Silver Slugger award four times: three as an AL outfielder, once as a designated hitter, he ranks 4th all time in A's history with 254 home runs and is one of 14 players in MLB history with 400 home runs and 200 stolen bases. Despite his many injuries during the part of his career, Canseco averaged 40 home runs, 120 RBIs and 102 runs scored every 162 games; as of 2019, Canseco's 462 career home runs rank him 37th on the MLB all-time list. Canseco was the all-time leader in home runs among Latino players, he was the first player to hit 30 home runs for 4 different clubs.
Canseco admitted using performance-enhancing drugs during his playing career, in 2005 wrote a tell-all book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big, in which he claimed that the vast majority of MLB players use steroids. After retiring from Major League Baseball, he competed in boxing and mixed martial arts. Canseco was born in Havana, the son of Jose Sr. and Barbara Canseco. He has a twin brother Ozzie, a former major league player; when Fidel Castro came into power in 1959, Jose Sr. a territory manager for the oil and gasoline corporation Esso as well as a part-time English teacher, lost his job and his home. The family was allowed to leave Cuba in 1965, when the twins were 1 year old, settled in the Miami area, where Jose Sr. became a territory manager for another oil and gasoline concern, a part-time security guard. The younger Jose Canseco played baseball at Miami Coral Park High School, where he failed to make the varsity team until his senior year, he was named Most Valuable Player of the junior varsity team in his junior year, of the varsity team the following year.
He was drafted by the Oakland Athletics. The Oakland Athletics drafted Canseco in the 15th round of the 1982 Major League Baseball draft, he made his professional baseball debut with the Miami Marlins of the Florida State League and played Minor League Baseball with the Medford A's, Madison Muskies, Idaho Falls A's, the Modesto A's. Canseco started the 1985 season with the Class-AA Huntsville Stars and became known as "Parkway Jose" for his long home runs that went close to the Memorial Parkway behind Joe Davis Stadium. Canseco was nicknamed "The Natural", with some analyst saying he was the best prospect since Willie Mays. Oakland A's hitting coach Bob Watson said that Canseco was a mixture of Roberto Clemente, Dale Murphy, Reggie Jackson. While others touted Canseco as the next Mickey Mantle. In 1985, Canseco won the Baseball America Minor League Player of the Year Award, was a late season call-up for the Oakland Athletics, he made his Major League debut on September 2 and struck out in his one at-bat against the Baltimore Orioles.
His first hit was off Ron Guidry of the New York Yankees on September 7. and his first home run was off Jeff Russell of the Texas Rangers on September 9. He played in 29 games in the major leagues in 1985, he established himself in 1986, his first full season, being named the American League's Rookie of the Year, with 33 home runs and 117 RBIs. In 1987, Mark McGwire joined Canseco on the Athletics. Together, he and Canseco formed a fearsome offensive tandem, known as the "Bash Brothers". In April 1988, Canseco guaranteed he would hit at least 40 home runs and steal at least 40 bases in the upcoming season, he went on to record 42 home runs and 40 steals becoming the first player in MLB history to hit the 40-40 mark in a single season. In recognition of his record, the street in front of his former high school was named after him but was rescinded in 2008 after he admitted to using drugs throughout his career; that same year the Athletics sweep the Boston Red Sox in 4 games in the ALCS, for the series Canseco had a.313 batting average with 3 home runs in 4 games.
The A's met the Los Angeles Dodgers in the World Series, a matchup that would feature the best hitter in the AL facing the best pitcher and eventual NL Cy Young Award winner in Orel Hershiser, the Dodgers would prevail, upsetting the A's in five games. Canseco hit a grand slam in Game 1 in his first official World Series at-bat but it would be his only hit in the Series, he was unanimously named the American League's Most Valuable Player in 1988, with a.307 batting average, 120 runs scored, 124 RBIs, 42 home runs, 40 stolen bases. In 1989, Canseco missed 97 games of the regular season, most of them because of a broken wrist during the preseason, despite not playing a single game in the first half of year he was voted as a starting outfielder for the American League All-Star team and mana
Undercover Cops is an arcade-style beat'em up video game developed and published by Irem for the arcades in 1992. It is Irem's first attempt in the modern beat'em up genre, founded by Capcom's Final Fight. Players control "city sweepers", a police agent-like group who fight crime by taking down thugs in New York City of the year 2043; the video game is notable for grimy futuristic setting. For its time, it was gory, featuring crow-pecked skeletons in the midst of its urban wastelands and forcing players to lose a life by being crushed by a garbage compactor during the first boss battle. While the gameplay is inspired by Final Fight, some of the enemies are unique. Besides the usual human thugs, players fight strange mole creatures and mutants with jet packs and blades for hands. Players can never use enemy weapons, but the stages contain objects that can be picked up and used instead such as burning oil drums, steel girders, long concrete columns that shatter on impact, boxes of hand grenades and fish.
The characters eat mice, frogs and snails to restore their health. The Japanese arcade version differs from the World version in several respects; the characters have a number of moves not seen in the World version, including dash + jump attacks, up to two different kinds of throws, a powerful airborne special attack. The backgrounds and graphics are different at the start of Level Two and the end of Level Three; the music in the Japanese version includes more voice samples. Some enemies carry broken bottles and axes; the mole creatures are weaker. Players' jump attacks do less damage, but their wider range of attacks makes them much more versatile; the appearance and functions of the police car seen at the end of Undercover Cops resembles the appearance and functions of the tank from Moon Patrol, another arcade game by Irem. The boss from Stage 1 of the first R-Type by Irem, can be seen on the screens of some red television sets. Undercover Cops was advertised on a blimp seen in the arcade flyers of Irem's other beat'em up, Ninja Baseball Bat Man.
Playable characters: Zan Takahara - a scruffy Japanese former karate master, banned from formal tournaments after killing a man in self-defense. He is a well-rounded character and similar in effect to Rosa, he has the ability to shoot multiple fireballs. Matt Gables - an American ex-gridiron player turned city sweeper after being sent to rock bottom by a false accusation of murder, he is the slowest character. However, he has the ability to run for a short period of time. Plus, he can dive through the ground. Rosa Felmonde - a tough British blonde female vigilante whose lover, was murdered by thugs, she is the easiest used character, making her good for beginners. She can send surrounding waves of energy. Bosses: Parcs - a Terminator-like cyborg, he is the only boss who can be defeated in two ways: either or being crushed in a garbage compactor. Francoise - an obese, evil jackhammer-wielding dominatrix, she summons lesser enemies and cries when hit, bawls more loudly when her life bar is half-empty.
Moguralian β - the armed leader of the mole creatures who utters simple Japanese phrases. He is armed with explosives. Balbarotch - a crazed carnival freak with a metal claw, who attacks with a wide range of concealed weapons. Dr. Crayborn - the main antagonist in the game, he is a bespectacled scientist who transforms into a giant monster. He is confronted by the three protagonists near the end of the final stage before the final battle. Undercover Cops was ported to the Super Famicom by the company Varie. An American localization canceled; the unreleased American version was reviewed in Vol. 58 of Nintendo Power. In the Super Famicom version, the player can adjust the number of lives and credits, as well as the skill setting. However, there is no two-player mode. Playing "Easy" mode only gets the player to the end of the third level, after which the game ends, giving the player a stern message in Japanese asking him in English to try the next level. A noticeable difference is the appearance of the common female enemy Fox, whose breasts are visible after being knocked down in the arcade version.
The console version alters her shirt to be covered when knocked down. Due to its small success in Japan, Undercover Cops got its own manga by Waita Uziga, published in the Gamest Comics series by Shinseisha in 1993; the game was followed by a Game Boy spin-off titled Undercover Cops: Hakaishin Garumaa, a more accurate translation called Undercover Cops Alpha, which retains the details of the original arcade version. A few years after its release, a lot of the team who made Undercover Cops went on to form the Nazca Corporation, who created the Metal Slug game series; the team have worked on the Hammerin' Harry series, Superio