Meiji University is a private university with campuses in Tokyo and Kawasaki, founded in 1881 by three Meiji-era lawyers, Kishimoto Tatsuo, Miyagi Kōzō, Yashiro Misao. It is one of the largest and most prestigious Japanese universities in Tokyo according to major college-preparatory schools in Japan; the University has nine faculties with a total of 33,000 students on three campuses in Ochanomizu in Chiyoda, the Izumi neighborhood of Suginami-ku, the Ikuta neighborhood of Tama-ku, Kawasaki. The university is one of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Sports and Technology's thirteen "Global 30" Project universities, which as of 2014 is called the Super Global Universities program. School of Law Department of Law School of Commerce Department of Commerce School of Political Science and Economics Department of Political Science Department of Economics Department of Regional Administration School of Arts and Letters Department of Literature Department of History and Geography Department of Social Psychology School of Science and Technology Department of Electrical Engineering Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Department of Precision Engineering Department of Architecture Department of Industrial Chemistry Department of Information Science Department of Mathematics Department of Physics School of Agriculture Department of Agriculture Department of Agricultural Economics Department of Agricultural Chemistry Department of Life Sciences School of Business Administration Department of Business Administration Department of Accounting Department of Public Management School of Information and Communication Department of Information and Communication School of Global Japanese Studies Department of Global Japanese Studies Graduate School of Law Graduate School of Commerce Graduate School of Political Science and Economics Graduate School of Business Administration Graduate School of Arts and Letters Graduate School of Science and Technology Graduate School of Agriculture Graduate School of Governance Studies Graduate School of Global Business Graduate School of Professional Accountancy Graduate School of Advanced Mathematical Sciences Department of Law Meiji University's baseball team belongs to the Tokyo Big6 Baseball League.
Every year, rugby union and baseball matches Meisōsen against Waseda University attract support among its students. It has a successful judo team; the university announced on February 26, 2009, that it would open a museum dedicated to anime and manga. It will include international research centers hosting Japanese and international scholars as well as a large quality of artifacts on the subject. Meiji University is one of the leading universities in Japan; the university has been ranked 19th and 26th in 2009 and 2010 in the ranking "Truly Strong Universities" by Toyo Keizai. The Nikkei Shimbun on 16 February 2004 surveyed about the research standards in engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to heads of 93 leading Japanese Research Centers, Meiji was placed 37th in this ranking. Meiji has filed the 62nd highest number of patents in the nation as its research outcomes. Meiji Law School is considered as one of the top Japanese law schools, as Meiji's number of successful candidates for Japanese bar examination has been 14th and 20th in 2009 and 2010 respectively.
It is one of the strongest department in this university as the cumulative number of people qualified as lawyer and prosecutor has been 6th after WW2. Eduniversal ranked Meiji as 4th in the rankings of "Excellent Business Schools nationally strong and/or with continental links" in Japan. Graduates from Meiji enjoy good success in the Japanese industries. According to the Weekly Economist's 2010 rankings, graduates from Meiji University have the 35th best employment rate in 400 major companiesThe university is ranked 6th in Japan for the number of alumni holding the position of executive in the listed companies of Japan, this number per student is 25th. Meiji graduates have been ranked 5th in Japan in the number of successful national CPA exam applicants, its graduates have been ranked 9th in Japan in the number of successful Architect Registration exam applicants. Furthermore, the number of Members of Parliament who graduated Meiji is 6th in Japan. Meiji is a popular university in Japan; the number of applicants per place was 24.9 in the 2011 undergraduate admissions, this number of applicants was largest in 2011.
Its entrance difficulty is very selective. Takeo Miki Tomiichi Murayama Zhou Enlai Xie Jishi Hasegawa Nyozekan Yōsuke Matsuoka Ichio Asukata Takashi Sasagawa Ken Harada Masayuki Fujio Hiromichi Watanabe Yoshitaka Sakurada Fumiaki Matsumoto Ritsuo Hosokawa Yoshitaka Shindo Satoshi Takayama Shigeo Kitamura Yoshio Urushibara Koichi Tani Masaji Matsuyama Masaaki Akaike Naoki Inose Ben Nighthorse Campbell, US Senator Yū Aku (lyricist and novelist） Seiya Ando Hideki Arai Morio Agata Tatsuji Fuse Hideo Gosha Masaaki Hatsumi Tiger Hattori Syu Hiraide Senichi Hoshino Kei Inoo (member of Hey! Say! JUMP, actor, singe
The National Diet is Japan's bicameral legislature. It is composed of a lower house called the House of Representatives, an upper house, called the House of Councillors. Both houses of the Diet are directly elected under parallel voting systems. In addition to passing laws, the Diet is formally responsible for selecting the Prime Minister; the Diet was first convened as the Imperial Diet in 1889 as a result of adopting the Meiji Constitution. The Diet took its current form in 1947 upon the adoption of the post-war constitution, which considers it the highest organ of state power; the National Diet Building is in Nagatachō, Tokyo. The houses of the Diet are both elected under parallel voting systems; this means that the seats to be filled in any given election are divided into two groups, each elected by a different method. Voters are asked to cast two votes: one for an individual candidate in a constituency, one for a party list. Any national of Japan at least 18 years of age may vote in these elections.
The age of 18 replaced 20 in 2016. Japan's parallel voting system is not to be confused with the Additional Member System used in many other nations; the Constitution of Japan does not specify the number of members of each house of the Diet, the voting system, or the necessary qualifications of those who may vote or be returned in parliamentary elections, thus allowing all of these things to be determined by law. However it does guarantee universal adult suffrage and a secret ballot, it insists that the electoral law must not discriminate in terms of "race, sex, social status, family origin, property or income". The election of Diet members is controlled by statutes passed by the Diet; this is a source of contention concerning re-apportionment of prefectures' seats in response to changes of population distribution. For example, the Liberal Democratic Party had controlled Japan for most of its post-war history, it gained much of its support from rural areas. During the post-war era, large numbers of people were relocating to the urban centers in the seeking of wealth.
The Supreme Court of Japan began exercising judicial review of apportionment laws following the Kurokawa decision of 1976, invalidating an election in which one district in Hyōgo Prefecture received five times the representation of another district in Osaka Prefecture. The Supreme Court has since indicated that the highest electoral imbalance permissible under Japanese law is 3:1, that any greater imbalance between any two districts is a violation of Article 14 of the Constitution. In recent elections the malapportionment ratio amounted to 4.8 in the House of Councillors and 2.3 in the House of Representatives. Candidates for the lower house must be 25 years old or older and 30 years or older for the upper house. All candidates must be Japanese nationals. Under Article 49 of Japan's Constitution, Diet members are paid about ¥1.3 million a month in salary. Each lawmaker is entitled to employ three secretaries with taxpayer funds, free Shinkansen tickets, four round-trip airplane tickets a month to enable them to travel back and forth to their home districts.
Article 41 of the Constitution describes the National Diet as "the highest organ of State power" and "the sole law-making organ of the State". This statement is in forceful contrast to the Meiji Constitution, which described the Emperor as the one who exercised legislative power with the consent of the Diet; the Diet's responsibilities include not only the making of laws but the approval of the annual national budget that the government submits and the ratification of treaties. It can initiate draft constitutional amendments, which, if approved, must be presented to the people in a referendum; the Diet may conduct "investigations in relation to government". The Prime Minister must be designated by Diet resolution, establishing the principle of legislative supremacy over executive government agencies; the government can be dissolved by the Diet if it passes a motion of no confidence introduced by fifty members of the House of Representatives. Government officials, including the Prime Minister and Cabinet members, are required to appear before Diet investigative committees and answer inquiries.
The Diet has the power to impeach judges convicted of criminal or irregular conduct. In most circumstances, in order to become law a bill must be first passed by both houses of the Diet and promulgated by the Emperor; this role of the Emperor is similar to the Royal Assent in some other nations. The House of Representatives is the more powerful chamber of the Diet. While the House of Representatives cannot overrule the House of Councillors on a bill, the House of Councillors can only delay the adoption of a budget or a treaty, approved by the House of Representatives, the House of Councillors has no power at all to prevent the lower house from selecting any Prime Minister it wishes. Furthermore, once appointed it is the confidence of the House of Representatives alone that the Prime Minister must enjoy in order to continue in office; the House of Representatives can overrule the upper house in the following circumstances: If a bill is adopted by the House of Representatives and either rejected, amended or not approved within 60 days by th
Karina Maruyama is a former Japanese football player. She played for Japan national team. Maruyama was born in Ota, Tokyo on March 26, 1983. After graduating from Nippon Sport Science University, she joined TEPCO Mareeze in 2005 and was assigned to the section of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, she was elected Best Young Player awards in 2005 season. She played. In September, she joined JEF United Chiba. In 2012, she moved to Speranza FC Osaka-Takatsuki, she retired end of 2016 season. In August 2002, Maruyama was elected Japan U-20 national team for 2002 U-19 World Championship. In October, she was elected Japan national team for 2002 Asian Games. At this competition, on October 2, she debuted against North Korea, she played in Summer Olympics 3 times. In the 2011 World Cup in Germany, she scored the only goal of the game, defeating the host country and taking Japan to its first semifinals of the tournament. At 2012 Summer Olympics, Japan won the silver medal, she played 79 games and scored 14 goals for Japan until 2014.
FIFA Women's World CupChampion: 2011East Asian Football ChampionshipChampion: 2008 Karina Maruyama – FIFA competition record Karina Maruyama at Soccerway
Kosuke Kitajima is a Japanese retired multiple Olympic gold medalist breaststroke swimmer. He won gold medals for the men's 100 m and 200 m breaststroke at both the Athens 2004, the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympic games. Kitajima is a decorated swimmer in the world championships and was the world record holder in the 100 m breaststroke that he set at the 2008 Beijing Olympics – this mark was broken by Brenton Rickard, he was bronze medal winner in the same Olympics in the 4×100 m medley relay. He edged out his main rival Brendan Hansen who finished fourth while Kitajima won the gold medal and set the new world record, he received four gold medals, one silver and two bronze medals in total at the 2004, 2008 and 2012 Olympics. His most significant rival in the breaststroke was the American swimmer Brendan Hansen, they dueled at events such as the 2005 World Championships, 2004 Summer Olympics and 2003 World Championships. Kitajima set both world records for 200 m breaststroke in the latter occasion.
His best in 200 m was overcome by Dimitri Komornikov and by Hansen, who broke Kitajima's record in the 100 m. Kitajima regained the world record in the 100 m at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Kitajima regained the 200 m breaststroke world record in June 2008 at the Japan Open, his time of 2:07.51 shaved nearly a second off the previous record of 2:08.50 set by Hansen in 2006. During the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, Kitajima generated buzz for his primal screams of exuberance after edging out Hansen in the 100 m and 200 m breaststroke for the gold. At a pool side interview following his victory in the 100 m, Kosuke Kitajima popularised the phrase'cho-kimochi-ii,' meaning "I feel good." The word went on to win Vogue Words contest. Kitajima retired in April 2016 after missing qualification for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, he was attempting to qualify for his fifth Olympics. In long course swimming pools Kitajima's bests are: 50 m breaststroke: 27.30 100 m breaststroke: 58.90 200 m breaststroke: 2:07.51 World record progression 100 metres breaststroke World record progression 200 metres breaststroke List of multiple Olympic gold medalists List of multiple Olympic gold medalists at a single Games List of multiple Olympic medalists KITAJIMA, Kosuke International Who's Who.
Accessed September 4, 2006. Official website Profile London 2012 Official Website
Nobuyuki Aihara was a Japanese gymnast. He competed at the 1956 Olympics and won a silver medal in floor exercise and a silver medal in the team competition. Four years he won gold medals in these events. Aihara took up gymnastic at the age of 15 while studying at the Nippon Sport Science University, he was coached by his future teammate Masao Takemoto. In 1964 he married a fellow gymnast; because of an injury he missed the Tokyo Olympics that year, soon retired to become a gymnastics coach. In 1979 he founded the Aihara Gymnastics Club. Aihara died of pneumonia on July 16, 2013, at the age of 78, he was survived by son Yutaka an Olympic gymnast
Yokohama is the second largest city in Japan by population, the most populous municipality of Japan. It is the capital city of Kanagawa Prefecture, it lies on Tokyo Bay, south of Tokyo, in the Kantō region of the main island of Honshu. It is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area. Yokohama's population of 3.7 million makes it Japan's largest city. Yokohama developed as Japan's prominent port city following the end of Japan's relative isolation in the mid-19th century, is today one of its major ports along with Kobe, Nagoya, Hakata and Chiba. Yokohama means "horizontal beach"; the current area surrounded by Maita Park, the Ōoka River and the Nakamura River had been a gulf divided by a sandbar from the open sea. This sandbar was the original Yokohama fishing village. Since the sandbar protruded perpendicularly from the land, or horizontally when viewed from the sea, it was called a "horizontal beach". Yokohama was a small fishing village up to the end of the feudal Edo period, when Japan held a policy of national seclusion, having little contact with foreigners.
A major turning point in Japanese history happened in 1853–54, when Commodore Matthew Perry arrived just south of Yokohama with a fleet of American warships, demanding that Japan open several ports for commerce, the Tokugawa shogunate agreed by signing the Treaty of Peace and Amity. It was agreed that one of the ports to be opened to foreign ships would be the bustling town of Kanagawa-juku on the Tōkaidō, a strategic highway that linked Edo to Kyoto and Osaka. However, the Tokugawa shogunate decided that Kanagawa-juku was too close to the Tōkaidō for comfort, port facilities were instead built across the inlet in the sleepy fishing village of Yokohama; the Port of Yokohama was opened on June 2, 1859. Yokohama became the base of foreign trade in Japan. Foreigners occupied the low-lying district of the city called Kannai, residential districts expanding as the settlement grew to incorporate much of the elevated Yamate district overlooking the city referred to by English speaking residents as The Bluff.
Kannai, the foreign trade and commercial district, was surrounded by a moat, foreign residents enjoying extraterritorial status both within and outside the compound. Interactions with the local population young samurai, outside the settlement caused problems. To protect British commercial and diplomatic interests in Yokohama a military garrison was established in 1862. With the growth in trade increasing numbers of Chinese came to settle in the city. Yokohama was the scene of many notable firsts for Japan including the growing acceptance of western fashion, photography by pioneers such as Felice Beato, Japan's first English language newspaper, the Japan Herald published in 1861 and in 1865 the first ice cream and beer to be produced in Japan. Recreational sports introduced to Japan by foreign residents in Yokohama included European style horse racing in 1862, cricket in 1863 and rugby union in 1866. A great fire destroyed much of the foreign settlement on November 26, 1866 and smallpox was a recurrent public health hazard, but the city continued to grow – attracting foreigners and Japanese alike.
After the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the port was developed for trading silk, the main trading partner being Great Britain. Western influence and technological transfer contributed to the establishment of Japan's first daily newspaper, first gas-powered street lamps and Japan's first railway constructed in the same year to connect Yokohama to Shinagawa and Shinbashi in Tokyo. In 1872 Jules Verne portrayed Yokohama, which he had never visited, in an episode of his read novel Around the World in Eighty Days, capturing the atmosphere of the fast-developing, internationally oriented Japanese city. In 1887, a British merchant, Samuel Cocking, built the city's first power plant. At first for his own use, this coal-burning plant became the basis for the Yokohama Cooperative Electric Light Company; the city was incorporated on April 1, 1889. By the time the extraterritoriality of foreigner areas was abolished in 1899, Yokohama was the most international city in Japan, with foreigner areas stretching from Kannai to the Bluff area and the large Yokohama Chinatown.
The early 20th century was marked by rapid growth of industry. Entrepreneurs built factories along reclaimed land to the north of the city toward Kawasaki, which grew to be the Keihin Industrial Area; the growth of Japanese industry brought affluence, many wealthy trading families constructed sprawling residences there, while the rapid influx of population from Japan and Korea led to the formation of Kojiki-Yato the largest slum in Japan. Much of Yokohama was destroyed on September 1923 by the Great Kantō earthquake; the Yokohama police reported casualties at 30,771 dead and 47,908 injured, out of a pre-earthquake population of 434,170. Fuelled by rumours of rebellion and sabotage, vigilante mobs thereupon murdered many Koreans in the Kojiki-yato slum. Many people believed. Martial law was in place until November 19. Rubble from the quake was used to reclaim land for parks, the most famous being the Yamashita Park on the waterfront which opened in 1930. Yokohama was rebuilt, only to be destroyed again by U.
S. air raids during World War II. An estimated seven or eight thousand people were killed in a single morning on
Shinichi Chiba known as Sonny Chiba, is a Japanese actor, film producer, film director, martial artist. Chiba was one of the first actors to achieve stardom through his skills in martial arts in Japan and before an international audience. Born Sadaho Maeda in Fukuoka, Japan, he was the third of five children in the family of a military test pilot; when he was four years old, his father was transferred to Kisarazu and the family moved to Kimitsu, Chiba. After Chiba went to junior high school in Kimitsu, the physical education teacher advised him to do artistic gymnastics, he was passionate about track and field sports and volleyball. He participated in those four sports championships of Chiba Prefecture. In high school, Chiba dedicated himself to artistic gymnastics and won the National Sports Festival of Japan while in his third year, he enjoyed watching Western movies like High Noon. Chiba went to the Nippon Sport Science University in 1957, he was a serious candidate for a place in the Japanese Olympic team in his late teens until he was sidelined by a back injury.
While he was a university student, he began studying martial arts with the renowned Kyokushin Karate master Masutatsu "Mas" Oyama, which led to a first-degree black belt on October 15, 1965 receiving a fourth-degree on January 20, 1984. Sometime around 1960, he was discovered in a talent search by the Toei film studio, he began his screen career soon after; the CEO of Toei at the time bestowed him with the stage name "Shinichi Chiba." His acting career began on television, starring in two tokusatsu superhero shows, first replacing Susumu Wajima as the main character Kōtarō Ran/ Seven Color Mask in Seven Color Mask in the second half of the series starred as Gorō Narumi/Messenger of Allah in Messenger of Allah. His movie debut and first starring movie role was the 1961 science fiction movie Invasion of the Neptune Men; that year, Chiba appeared in the first Kinji Fukasaku film, Wandering Detective: Tragedy in Red Valley which marked the beginning of a long series of collaborations for the two.
Over the next decade, he was cast in crime thrillers. By 1970, Chiba had started his own training school for aspiring martial arts film actors and stunt performers known as J. A. C, he starred in the Karate Kiba, after appearing on the Battles Without Honor and Humanity: Deadly Fight in Hiroshima in 1973. Karate Kiba was the first movie for him about martial arts. Chiba's breakthrough international hit was The Street Fighter, brought to Western audiences by New Line Cinema; the film and its sequels established him as the reigning Japanese martial arts actor in international cinema for the next two decades. It was New Line Cinema founder Robert Shaye who gave Chiba the English name "Sonny", which Chiba would adopt as his own from that point on, his subsequent projects included such pictures as The Bullet Train, Karate Warriors, Doberman Cop, Golgo 13: Assignment Kowloon and The Assassin. He occasionally returned to the science fiction genre, in movies such as Message from Space, he began to star on some jidaigeki such as Shogun's Samurai, The Fall of Ako Castle, G.
I. Samurai, Shadow Warriors, Samurai Reincarnation, he was not only actor but stunt coordinator at G. I. Samurai, Burning Brave, Shogun's Shadow and executive producer, film director at Yellow Fangs. Chiba was busier in the 1980s, doing dozens of movies as well as making forays into television, with roles in such high-profile adventures as the popular Hong Kong comic-based movie: The Storm Riders, starring alongside Ekin Cheng and Aaron Kwok, his fame in Japan remained unabated into the 1990s. In his fifties, the actor resumed working as a choreographer of martial arts sequences. At the dawn of the 21st century, Chiba was as busy as in feature films and starring in his own series in Japan. Roles in Takashi Miike's Deadly Outlaw: Rekka and his work with directors Kenta and Kinji Fukasaku's Battle Royale II bridged the gap between modern day and yesteryear cinematic cult legends. Chiba's enduring onscreen career received a tribute when he appeared in a key role as Hattori Hanzo, the owner of a sushi restaurant and retired samurai sword craftsman, in director Quentin Tarantino's bloody revenge epic Kill Bill in 2003.
Chiba has starred in more than 125 films for Toei Studios and has won numerous awards in Japan for his acting. In November 2007, he announced the retirement of the stage name Shinichi Chiba and will now be known as J. J. Sonny Chiba as an actor and Rindō Wachinaga as a film director. Chiba established the Japan Action Club, now Japan Action Enterprise to develop and raise the level of martial arts techniques and sequences used in Japanese film and television. Chiba divorced his first wife, actress Yōko Nogiwa, with whom he has a daughter, Juri Manase, an actress, he has two sons from his second marriage to Tamami Chiba: child actor Mackenyu Arata, born on November 16, 1996, Gordon, born in 1998. He lives in Yokohama, Japan, his younger brother, Jirō Yabuki, was an actor. Christian Slater's character Clarence Worley in True Romance is a fan of Chiba. In a pivotal early scene he watches a Sonny Chiba triple feature; the writer of True Rom