Elena Alexandra Apostoleanu, known professionally as Inna, is a Romanian singer and songwriter. Born in Mangalia and raised in Neptun, she studied political science at Ovidius University before meeting the Romanian trio Play & Win and pursuing a music career, she adopted a pop-rock style. "Hot", her debut single, was a commercial success worldwide and topped the Romanian Top 100 and Billboard's Hot Dance Airplay chart, among others. Inna's debut studio album of the same name followed in August 2009 and was certified Gold and Platinum, it featured several other successful singles in Europe, including "Amazing", her second number one single in Romania. Inna's second album, I Am the Club Rocker, yielded global success for the single "Sun Is Up"; the track won the Eurodanceweb Award, making Inna the first and only Romanian artist to win the award. In 2011, it was announced Inna was the highest-paid Eastern European artist, her follow-up studio album, Party Never Ends, was nominated for two consecutive years for Best Album at the Romanian Music Awards and reached the top ten in Mexico.
It featured a moderate European hit in collaboration with Daddy Yankee. In 2014, Inna signed with Atlantic Records and released the commercially successful "Cola Song" with J Balvin, used to promote that year's FIFA World Cup. Inna's fourth and eponymous studio album was released in October 2015 and included "Diggy Down", the singer's third number-one single in Romania. Beginning in 2017, Inna has been a coach on the talent show Vocea României Junior alongside Andra and Marius Moga. In the same year, she released her fifth record Nirvana, whose singles found chart success in European countries such as Romania and Turkey, she signed a record deal with Roc Nation in 2018 to release her upcoming sixth studio album Yo. Envisioned by Inna, the Spanish language effort marks a change in direction for her, as she approaches experimental and gypsy-influenced music styles. With global album sales of four million copies from her first three studio albums, Inna is the best-selling Romanian artist, she has received several awards and nominations, including the Balkan Music Awards, European Border Breakers Award, MTV Europe Music Awards and the Romanian Music Awards.
Inna is a human rights activist, participating in campaigns against domestic violence and in support of children's and LGBT rights. Elena Alexandra Apostoleanu was born on 16 October 1986 in Mangalia, Romania, to Giorgic and Maria Apostoleanu, who are now divorced, she was raised in Neptun, where her father worked as a sea rescuer and her mother as a dancer and singer. As a child, Inna competed as a swimmer and became interested in other sports like football and basketball as well as music, she listened to a variety of musical styles as a teenager, including electro house and europop, to artists such as Beyoncé, Christina Aguilera, Celine Dion and Whitney Houston. Inna attended the sole, elementary school in Neptun. Following this, the singer enrolled at Colegiul Economic in Mangalia studying political science at Ovidius University in Constanţa, she took singing lessons and participated in music festivals. After an unsuccessful audition for the Romanian band A. S. I. A. and other failed music projects, she sold slippers in Neptun.
When Inna worked in an office, her manager heard her singing and contacted the production team Play & Win with whom she recorded several songs. Adopting the stage name Alessandra in 2008, she entered "Goodbye" and "Sorry" to represent Romania at the Eurovision Song Contest 2008; the singer performed "Goodbye" live on the primetime TV show, Teo!, her first televised appearance. That year, she changed her stage name to Inna since it was easy to memorize and was the name her grandfather called her when she was young. Early in her career, Inna released pop-rock songs, but switched to "commercial" minimal-infused house music after changing her stage name. In a News of the World interview, Inna cited Swedish House Mafia, The Black Eyed Peas and Jessie J as inspirations. Others include Pink and Dion. Inna's debut single, "Hot", was sent to Romanian radio stations in August 2008, it topped the Romanian Top 100 that winter. The track was commercially successful throughout Europe, topped Billboard's Hot Dance Airplay chart in early 2010.
"Love" was released as Inna's second single, reaching number four in Romania. The singer received the first nominations of her career at the 2009 Eska Music Awards in Poland for "Hot", her Romanian label, signed a contract with the American label Ultra Records in April 2009. Inna collaborated with Romanian musician Bogdan Croitoru on her follow-up single, "Déjà Vu", which they released under pseudonyms before revealing their true identities after a period of speculation; the single was as commercially successful as its predecessors. Inna had her second number-one hit on the Romanian Top 100 with "Amazing", her fourth single, in 2009; the song was written by Play & Win for Romanian singer Anca Baidu, who complained they had "stolen" it. Inna's debut studio album, was released in August 2009 and included the last single "10 Minutes"; the record was certified Gold in Romania and Platinum in France. As of December 2011, it had sold 500,000 copies worldwide. Inna was the Best Romanian Act at the 2009 and 2010 MTV Europe Music Awards, the first Romanian artist to win the award in two consecutive
Nirvana is a 1997 Italian cyberpunk science fiction film directed by Gabriele Salvatores. The film stars Christopher Lambert, Diego Abatantuono, Sergio Rubini, Stefania Rocca, it was screened out of competition at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival. The film tells the story of a virtual reality game designer, who discovers that the main character of his game, has achieved sentience due to an attack by a computer virus. Asked by his creation to eliminate its existence, Jimi sets out to erase the game from the server of his employer, Okasama Star, before it's commercially released on Christmas Day, thus spare Solo further suffering. Jimi has been depressed, he decides to make his search for her a part of his quest to delete the game. Along the way he recruits Lisa's friend Joystick and tech wizard Naima to help him avoid suspicious representatives of Okasama Star, who employ forceful methods to stop him. By the end, Jimi hacks into one of the company's servers; this hack is in the world of virtual reality interpreted as encounters with persons from Jimi's life.
It tries to keep the hacker's mind in the loop of his own memories. Jimi manages to pass through the network defence mechanism by freeing his mind, forgetting about life before or after, about bodily feelings, entering a state of pure concentration where one focuses only on the target, it is similar to meditation. In the end, Jimi at inner peace with himself, he deletes Solo, comes to terms with Lisa's leaving him, understands why things happened the way they did. He is in the state of Nirvana; the director, Gabriele Salvatores, shot the film in the disused Alfa Romeo assembly plant in Portello, Milan. The whole place was converted in this sci-fi set. From the Indian to the Japanese to the Chinese, the film moves around the dynamic and the futuristic realms that the future created. Nirvana was released on January 1997 in Italy. Dimension Films picked up U. S. distribution rights in March 1997, the film was dubbed in English and released in early 1998. Margaret Pomeranz of Special Broadcasting Service rated the film 2 out of 5 stars and stated that the film is too serious and not fun.
Alan Jones of RadioTimes rated it 4 out of 5 stars and wrote, "This stunning cyber-fantasy is rich in design and innovative ideas, intellectually engages the mind while always remaining enjoyable on the purest pulp levels." Travis Mackenzie Hoover of Exclaim! Stated the film has aged poorly. David Rooney of Variety called it "a visually impressive, existential sci-fi yarn", "shortchanged by a poorly structured story". Nirvana on IMDb Nirvana at Rotten Tomatoes
Nirvana was an American rock band formed in Aberdeen, Washington, in 1987. It was founded by guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic. Nirvana went through a succession of drummers, the longest-lasting and best-known being Dave Grohl, who joined in 1990. Though the band dissolved in 1994 after the death of Cobain, their music maintains a popular following and continues to influence modern rock and roll culture. In the late 1980s, Nirvana established itself as part of the Seattle grunge scene, releasing its first album, for the independent record label Sub Pop in 1989, they developed a sound that relied on dynamic contrasts between quiet verses and loud, heavy choruses. After signing to major label DGC Records, Nirvana found unexpected worldwide success with "Smells Like Teen Spirit", the first single from the band's second album Nevermind, which has now been ranked as one of the greatest songs in the history of rock music. Nevermind has been called one of the greatest albums of all time and has sold over 30 million copies worldwide.
Nirvana's sudden success popularized alternative rock and grunge, Cobain found himself referred to in the media as the "spokesman of a generation", with Nirvana considered the "flagship band" of Generation X. After touring and releasing Incesticide and Hormoaning, Nirvana's third studio album, In Utero, was released to critical acclaim; the album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart and featured an abrasive, less mainstream sound and challenged the group's audience and has since sold over 15 million copies worldwide. In Utero would be Nirvana's last studio album in their active career. Nirvana's active career ended following the death of Cobain in 1994, but many various posthumous releases have been issued since, overseen by Novoselic and Cobain's widow Courtney Love; the posthumous release MTV Unplugged in New York won the Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album in 1996. Overall, Nirvana have received twelve awards from twenty-five nominations winning an American Music Award, Brit Award, Grammy Award, seven MTV Video Music Awards and two NME Awards Since its debut, the band has sold over 25 million records in the United States alone, over 75 million records worldwide, making them one of the best-selling bands of all time.
Nirvana has been ranked as one of the greatest music artists of all time with Rolling Stone placing them at number 27 on their list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" in 2004, at number 30 on their updated list in 2011. Nirvana was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in its first year of eligibility. Cobain and Novoselic met while attending Aberdeen High School, although they never connected, according to Cobain; the pair became friends while frequenting the practice space of the Melvins. Cobain wanted to form a band with Novoselic, but Novoselic did not respond for a long period of time. In persuading Novoselic to form a band, Cobain gave him a demo tape of his project Fecal Matter. Three years after the two first met, Novoselic notified Cobain that he had listened to the Fecal Matter demo and suggested they start a group; the pair recruited Bob McFadden on drums. In early 1987, Cobain and Novoselic recruited drummer Aaron Burckhard; the three practiced material from Cobain's Fecal Matter tape but started writing new material soon after forming.
During its initial months, the band went through a series of names, starting with Skid Row and including Fecal Matter and Ted Ed Fred. The group settled on Nirvana, which Cobain said was chosen because "I wanted a name, kind of beautiful or nice and pretty instead of a mean, raunchy punk name like the Angry Samoans". With Novoselic and Cobain having moved to Tacoma and Olympia, Washington the two temporarily lost contact with Burckhard; the pair instead practiced with Dale Crover of the Melvins, Nirvana recorded its first demos in January 1988. In early 1988, Crover moved to San Francisco but recommended Dave Foster to the band as his replacement on drums. Foster's tenure with Nirvana lasted only a few months. Cobain and Novoselic put an ad in Seattle music publication The Rocket seeking a replacement drummer, which only yielded unsatisfactory responses. Meanwhile, a mutual friend introduced them to Chad Channing, the three musicians agreed to jam together. Channing continued to jam with Cobain and Novoselic, although the drummer noted, "They never said'okay, you're in,'" and Channing played his first show with the group that May.
Nirvana released its first single, a cover of Shocking Blue's "Love Buzz", in November 1988 on the Seattle independent record label Sub Pop. They did their first interview with John Robb in Sounds who made the release single of the week; the following month, the band began recording its debut album, with local producer Jack Endino. Bleach was influenced by the heavy dirge-rock of the Melvins and Mudhoney, 1980s punk rock, the 1970s heavy metal of Black Sabbath. Novoselic said in a 2001 interview with Rolling Stone that the band had played a tape in their van while on tour that had an album by The Smithereens on one side and an album by the extreme metal band Celtic Frost on the other, noted that the combination played an influence as well; the money for the recording sessions for Bleach, listed as $606.17 on the album sleeve, was supplied by Jason Everman, subsequently brought into the band as the second guitarist. Though Everman did not play on the album, he received a credit on
Nirvana (Herbie Mann and the Bill Evans Trio album)
Nirvana is an album by jazz flautist Herbie Mann with Bill Evans's Trio featuring Chuck Israels and Paul Motian, released in 1964 on the Atlantic label and featuring performances recorded in 1961 and 1962. The Allmusic review by Ken Dryden states "Mann, who has changed his style numerous times throughout his long career, is heard in a straight-ahead and bop context on this pair of studio dates. Evans, who studied flute through his college years recorded with a flutist though he was fond of the instrument... Fans of either Herbie Mann or Bill Evans will want to acquire this enjoyable CD". "Nirvana" - 5:48 "Gymnopedie" - 3:16 "I Love You" - 7:03 "Willow Weep for Me" - 5:31 "Lover Man" - 4:49 "Cashmere" - 6:45Recorded on December 8, 1961 and May 4, 1962. Bill Evans - piano Herbie Mann - flute Chuck Israels - bass Paul Motian - drums
Kashmir known as Nirvana, is a Danish alternative rock band consisting of Kasper Eistrup. In the spring of 1991, Eistrup and Techau formed a heavy blues band under the name "Nirvana" at Kastanievej Efterskole in Frederiksberg, Denmark. Shortly after they started performing Thursday nights at Ordrup Gymnasium; when the American band Nirvana started to gain success, they changed their name to "Kashmir", after the Led Zeppelin song. In 1993, they finished second in "DM i Rock", a national amateur concert contest, behind Dizzy Mizz Lizzy and subsequently became popular in Denmark. In 2000, the band won six Danish Music Awards:'Best Danish Band','Best Danish Album','Best Danish Songwriter', and'Best Danish Rock Album' for The Good Life. In 2001, Lindstrand joined the band's lineup. In 2004, the band won four Danish Music Awards for'Best Danish Band','Best Danish Rock Album' for Zitilites,'Best Danish Music Video' for "Rocket Brothers" and'Best Album Cover' for Zitilites, their album No Balance Palace, features Lou Reed reciting a poem by Eistrup on "Black Building" and David Bowie who sings a duet with Eistrup on "The Cynic".
Additionally, the album was produced by Tony Visconti. On November 13, 2009 Kashmir released the first single "Mouthful of Wasps" on their website; the band announced via Twitter that Trespassers, their sixth full-length album, would see its release on February 1, 2010. Trespassers was produced by John O'Mahony and Andy Wallace and recorded at Jimi Hendrix' legendary studio Electric Lady Studios in New York City. Notes+ - Cruzential was re-released in 1997 with two extra songs as Cruzential. Notes~ - Danish Single Chart peak positions for "Mom in Love, Daddy in Space" and "Rocket Brothers" are for the 2010 chart entries. Rocket Brothers The Aftermath - A live concert DVD/CD from Store Vega, Copenhagen. November 2–3, 2004. E. A. R - Special Mexican Edition DVD with the making of the album E. A. R and music videos. Official website Kashmir at AllMusic Kashmir discography at Discogs
Nirvāṇa is associated with Jainism and Buddhism, represents its ultimate state of soteriological release, the liberation from repeated rebirth in saṃsāra. In Indian religions, nirvana is synonymous with mukti. All Indian religions assert it to be a state of perfect quietude, highest happiness as well as the liberation from or ending of samsara, the repeating cycle of birth and death; however and non-Buddhist traditions describe these terms for liberation differently. In the Buddhist context, nirvana refers to realization of non-self and emptiness, marking the end of rebirth by stilling the fires that keep the process of rebirth going. In Hindu philosophy, it is the union of or the realization of the identity of Atman with Brahman, depending on the Hindu tradition. In Jainism, it is the soteriological goal, it represents the release of a soul from karmic bondage and samsara; the word nirvāṇa, states Steven Collins, is from the verbal root vā "blow" in the form of past participle vāna "blown", prefixed with the preverb nis meaning "out".
Hence the original meaning of the word is "blown out, extinguished". Sandhi changes the sounds: the v of vāna causes nis to become nir, the r of nir causes retroflexion of the following n: nis+vāna > nirvāṇa. The term nirvana in the soteriological sense of "blown out, extinguished" state of liberation does not appear in the Vedas nor in the Upanishads. According to Collins, "the Buddhists seem to have been the first to call it nirvana." However, the ideas of spiritual liberation using different terminology, with the concept of soul and Brahman, appears in Vedic texts and Upanishads, such as in verse 4.4.6 of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. This may have been deliberate use of words in early Buddhism, suggests Collins, since Atman and Brahman were described in Vedic texts and Upanishads with the imagery of fire, as something good and liberating. Nirvāṇa is a term found in the texts of all major Indian religions – Buddhism, Hinduism and Sikhism, it refers to the profound peace of mind, acquired with moksha, liberation from samsara, or release from a state of suffering, after respective spiritual practice or sādhanā.
The idea of moksha is connected to the Vedic culture, where it conveyed a notion of amrtam, "immortality", a notion of a timeless, "unborn", or "the still point of the turning world of time". It was its timeless structure, the whole underlying "the spokes of the invariable but incessant wheel of time"; the hope for life after death started with notions of going to the worlds of the Fathers or Ancestors and/or the world of the Gods or Heaven. The earliest Vedic texts incorporate the concept of life, followed by an afterlife in heaven and hell based on cumulative virtues or vices. However, the ancient Vedic Rishis challenged this idea of afterlife as simplistic, because people do not live an moral or immoral life. Between virtuous lives, some are more virtuous; the Vedic thinkers introduced the idea of an afterlife in heaven or hell in proportion to one's merit, when this runs out, one returns and is reborn. The idea of rebirth following "running out of merit" appears in Buddhist texts as well.
This idea appears in many ancient and medieval texts, as Saṃsāra, or the endless cycle of life, death and redeath, such as section 6:31 of the Mahabharata and verse 9.21 of the Bhagavad Gita. The Saṃsara, the life after death, what impacts rebirth came to be seen as dependent on karma; the liberation from Saṃsāra developed as an ultimate goal and soteriological value in the Indian culture, called by different terms such as nirvana, moksha and kaivalya. This basic scheme underlies Hinduism and Buddhism, where "the ultimate aim is the timeless state of moksa, or, as the Buddhists first seem to have called it, nirvana."Although the term occurs in the literatures of a number of ancient Indian traditions, the concept is most associated with Buddhism. It was adopted by other Indian religions, but with different meanings and description, such as in the Hindu text Bhagavad Gita of the Mahabharata. Nirvana means "blowing out" or "quenching", it is the most used as well as the earliest term to describe the soteriological goal in Buddhism: release from the cycle of rebirth.
Nirvana is part of the Third Truth on "cessation of dukkha" in the Four Noble Truths doctrine of Buddhism. It is the goal of the Noble Eightfold Path; the Buddha is believed in the Buddhist scholastic tradition to have realized two types of nirvana, one at enlightenment, another at his death. The first is called the second parinirvana or anupadhishesa-nirvana. In the Buddhist tradition, nirvana is described as the extinguishing of the fires that cause rebirths and associated suffering; the Buddhist texts identify these three "three fires" or "three poisons" as raga and avidyā or moha. The state of nirvana is described in Buddhism as cessation of all afflictions, cessation of all actions, cessation of rebirths and suffering that are a consequence of afflictions and actions. Liberation is described as identical to anatta. In Buddhism, liberation is achieved when all beings are understood to be with no Self. Nirvana is described as identical to achieving sunyata, where there is no essence or fundament
Vandread is a Japanese anime mecha space opera series directed by Takeshi Mori and created by the animation studios Gonzo and Media Factory. The series is composed of two seasons, each composed of thirteen episodes of twenty-five minutes; the first series is summarized in the Vandread Taidōhen OVA in 2001, the second in the Vandread Gekitōhen OVA, released in 2002. There is a Vandread Extra Stage Novel. Along with acquiring the licenses for the two original series from Geneon, Funimation licensed the two OVAs. Set in a universe where humans have colonized the galaxy, in one star system and women are segregated causing the gender war to be more than just a metaphor. Male protagonist Hibiki Tokai, a third-class laborer, takes up a bet to steal a high-tech humanoid robot, known as a Vanguard, from a male attack force battleship about to fight the "evil females." Still on board when the battleship takes off, Hibiki is caught in a battle with female pirates that causes all of the ship's crew to evacuate, except for Hibiki, Duelo McFile, Bart Garsus.
Stuck on board and held as prisoners by female pirates, things seem to have hit an all-time low for Hibiki until the retreating males retaliate by firing torpedoes at the ship to prevent it from falling into women's hands. The Paksis Pragma, the mysterious, living core of the battleship, eradicates the missile, forming a wormhole that sends the pirates and warship to a distant part of the galaxy, fusing the battleship with the female pirates' vessel; the fusion results in a quirky ship with smooth lines, a host of technical problems, various hidden capabilities that become apparent on. The Vanguard Hibiki attempted to steal has been altered along with three of the women's fighters, known as Dreads, allowing the separate ships to combine; the fusion of Hibiki's mecha with one of the fighters is called the eponymous mecha. In this alternate, futuristic universe and women consider each other to be separate species, the three men put up with much abuse at the hands of their female captors, but make their presence accepted: Hibiki as a mecha fighter and technician, Duelo as a skilled doctor and engineer, Bart as the ship's helmsman and navigator.
The story of the first season revolves around the crew's trip back to the system where their respective home worlds are. Along the way, they encounter strange, robotic machines, both enigmatic and rather Borg-like, though they do not communicate at all. After a few attacks with the unknown enemy, the crew manages to take some alien data samples from a desert planet; the data is read out: "Blood platelets, white blood cells, red blood cells..." Their alien enemies harvests their body parts from them. Not only this, but a encounter with the flagship of the "Harvesters," the name given to the enemy, reveals that the robots were sent out by the people of Earth, the same planet humans originated from, whose colonists would colonize Mejere and countless other planets. At the start of the second season, they rescue an escape pod from the Harvesters; the pod contains a girl, Misty Cornwell of Pluto, the last planet in the Earth's solar system to be harvested, a virus which enters the ship's systems. When the correct password is entered, the virus shuts down and the crew is given access to the hidden data that the pod brings, revealing why the Earthlings are harvesting their own species.
Following the initial drive to colonize, pollution has devastated Earth, making any life on the planet near impossible. Huge metal gears now cover the Earth's stratosphere in an attempt to create a living environment for people in massive structures surrounding the planet. Earthlings and dying on the toxic planet, began to question the humanity of the colonists, they convinced themselves that only the inhabitants of Earth are human, all other humans exists to ensure their continued existence. Their solution, was to send out the Harvester fleet of machines created from the same basic material as the Nirvana's core, the Paksis Pragma; the Harvesters raid and dominate colonies to obtain body parts, allowing the Earthlings to replace their own dying bodies, thus becoming immortal through the lives of others. Furthermore, it is revealed that the leaders of the original colonists who founded Mejere and Taraak --- led by Hibiki's parents and Grandma --- were unwilling to lose any future natural-born children to the Harvester Fleets, so decided upon what they considered to be a most painful but utterly necessary sacrifice: separating the original male and female colonists on two separate planets to create artificially-created twin-races of genetically-engineered sons and daughters through the mixed-cloning of the First Generation, who would serve as the substitutes to be harvested by Earth, instead of what would have otherwise been the natural-born children of the original colonists.
For the crew, fighting is not just about surviving. But will the leaders of the planets listen to their impossible tale? The manga is different from the anime, containing several major and minor changes with an entirely new story line; the differences in