Nekrasovka (Moscow Metro)
Nekrasovka is a future station on the Nekrasovskaya line of the Moscow Metro. The station is under construction with a planned opening date of spring 2019; the station is named for Nekrasovka District, east of Moscow
The Moscow Metro is a rapid transit system serving Moscow and the neighbouring Moscow Oblast cities of Krasnogorsk, Reutov and Kotelniki. Opened in 1935 with one 11-kilometre line and 13 stations, it was the first underground railway system in the Soviet Union; as of 2018, the Moscow Metro excluding the Moscow Central Circle and Moscow Monorail has 224 stations and its route length is 381 km, making it the fifth longest in the world. The system is underground, with the deepest section 84 metres underground at the Park Pobedy station, one of the world's deepest. It's the busiest metro system in Europe, a tourist attraction in itself; the Moscow Metro, a state-owned enterprise, is 381 km long and consists of twelve lines and 223 stations organized in a spoke-hub distribution paradigm, with the majority of rail lines running radially from the centre of Moscow to the outlying areas. The Koltsevaya Line forms a 20-kilometre long circle which enables passenger travel between these diameters, the new Moscow Central Circle forms a 54-kilometre longer circle that serves a similar purpose on middle periphery.
Most stations and lines are underground. The Moscow Metro uses the Russian gauge of 1,520 millimetres, like other Russian railways, an underrunning third rail with a supply of 825 V DC, except line 13 and 14; the average distance between stations is 1.7 kilometres. Long distances between stations have the positive effect of a high cruising speed of 41.7 kilometres per hour. The Moscow Metro opens at 05:25 and closes at 01:00; the precise opening time varies at different stations according to the arrival of the first train, but all stations close their entrances at 01:00 for maintenance, so do transfer corridors. The minimum interval between trains is 90 seconds during the evening rush hours; as of 2017 the system had an average daily ridership of 6.99 million passengers. Peak daily ridership of 9.71 million was recorded on 26 December 2014. Free Wi-Fi has been available on all lines of the Moscow Metro since 1 December 2014; the network was launched by MaximaTelecom. Of the metro's 224 stations, 88 are deep underground, 123 are shallow, 12 are surface and five are elevated.
The deep stations comprise 55 triple-vaulted pylon stations, 19 triple-vaulted column stations, one single-vault station. The shallow stations comprise 79 spanned column stations, 33 single-vaulted stations, three single-spanned stations. In addition, there are 12 ground-level stations, four elevated stations, one station on a bridge. Two stations have three tracks, one has double halls. Seven of the stations have side platforms. In addition, there were two temporary stations within rail yards. One station is reserved for future service; the stations being constructed under Stalin's regime, in the style of socialist classicism, were meant as underground palaces of the people. Stations such as Komsomolskaya, Kiyevskaya or Mayakovskaya and others built after 1935 in the second phase of the evolution of the network are tourist landmarks, their photogenic architecture, large chandeliers and detailed decoration unusual for an urban transport system; each line is identified by an alphanumeric index and a colour.
The colour assigned to each line for display on maps and signs is its colloquial identifier, except for the nondescript greens and blues assigned to the Kakhovskaya, the Zamoskvoretskaya, the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya, Butovskaya lines. The upcoming station is announced by a male voice on inbound trains to the city center and by a female voice on outbound trains; the metro has a connection to the Moscow Monorail, a 4.7-kilometre, six-station monorail line between Timiryazevskaya and VDNKh which opened in January 2008. Prior to the official opening, the monorail had operated in "excursion mode" since 2004. Sokolnicheskaya line was named Kirovsko-Fruzenskaya Zamoskvoretskaya line was named Gorkovsko-Zamoskvoretskaya. Filyovskaya line was named Arbatsko-Filyovskaya. Since the beginning, platforms have been at least 155 metres long to accommodate eight-car trains; the only exceptions are on the Filyovskaya Line: Vystavochnaya, Studencheskaya, Fili, Filyovsky Park and Pionerskaya, which only allows six-car trains.
Trains on the Zamoskvoretskaya, Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya, Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya, Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya and Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya lines have eight cars, on the Sokolnicheskaya line seven cars and on the Koltsevaya and Kakhovskaya lines six cars. The Filyovskaya and Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya lines had six- and seven-car trains as well, but now use four- and five-car trains of another type; the V-type trains were from Berlin U-Bahn C-class trains from 1945 to 1969, until its complete demi
Petrovsky Park is a station on the Bolshaya Koltsevaya and Kalininsko–Solntsevskaya lines of the Moscow Metro. It served the eastern terminus of the line until 30 December 2018, when the extension of Bolshaya Koltsevaya to Savyolovskaya opened, it opened on 26 February 2018 as one of five initial stations on the new line. Petrovsky Park allows transfers to Dinamo Station on the Zamoskvoretskaya line, it is in the Aeroport District of Moscow near Petrovsky Park and Petrovsky Palace in northern Moscow. It is adjacent to VTB Arena, which will be the home stadium of FC Dynamo Moscow and one of the venues of the 2018 FIFA World Cup; the station is named for Petrovsky Park. There are entrances on both sides of Leningradsky Prospekt; the interior of the station includes images of the 18th century palace as well as silouettes of trees to invoke images of the park. The flared columns are made of marble, while the floors consists of granit tiles
Khoroshyovo (Moscow Central Circle)
Khoroshyovo is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro. The station offers out-of-station transfers to Polezhayevskaya of Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line and Khoroshyovskaya on the Bolshaya Koltsevaya and Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya lines. Хорошёво mkzd.ru
Dinamo (Moscow Metro)
Dinamo is a Moscow Metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya line. It opened on 11 September 1938 as part of the second stage of the system, it was named for the home stadium of FC Dynamo Moscow. Passengers may make out-of-station transfers to the Bolshaya Koltsevaya and Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya lines via Petrovsky Park station. Dinamo is under Leningradsky Avenue in the Aeroport District of Moscow near Petrovsky Park and the Petrovsky Palace; the future VTB Arena is being built on the same dinamo stadium adjacent to the station. The station follows a tri-vaulted deep-level pylon design. Designed by Ya. Likhtenberg and Yury Revkovsky, the station features a sport-themed decoration with bas-reliefs designed by Ye. Yason-Manzer depicting sportsmen in various practices in the central hall; the pylons, faced with red tagilian marble and onyx have porcelain medallions showing sportsmen. The walls are faced with onyx and grey marble, neatly tiled together; the floor is revetted with black marble, although the platforms were covered with asphalt.
There are two identical vestibules, each on the northern side of the Leningradsky Avenue, the architect for the vestibules was Dmitry Chechulin. The city is building an underground walkway between Dinamo and Petrovsky Park stations that will ease transfers between the stations; that walkway could open in late of 2019 - the beginning of 2020. In 1940, physicists Georgy Flyorov and Konstantin Petrzhak used the station for their observations of the decay of uranium; the depth of the station reduced the potential effect of cosmic rays in their work. Working at night, the pair discovered spontaneous fission
Vystavochnaya is a station on the Filyovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It was opened on 10 September 2005, was called Delovoy Tsentr before 1 June 2009; the high-tech design, the work of architects Aleksandr Vigdorov, Leonid Borzenkov, Olga Farstova, is a radical departure from previous Metro stations. The station is built with the platform on the lower level; the upper level consists of two walkways. One walkway, the larger one, is enclosed in glass and sweeps from one side of the station to the other and back in a large arc; the other walkway is open and straight, running directly above the inbound track. The D-shaped area between the two walkways extends to the full height of the station; the two rows of pillars are clad in stainless steel. The walls are faced with white plastic panels and brown marble, Alucobond was used for the ceiling; the entrance to the station is built into the lower level of Moscow International Business Center, near the north bank of the Moskva River serving access to Moscow Expocenter.
Passengers at Vystavochnaya are able to transfer to Delovoy Tsentr of the Kalininsko–Solntsevskaya line. A third station, that will allow transfers to the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line
Lermontovsky Prospekt is a station on Moscow Metro's Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line. It is located between Vykhino and Zhulebino and opened, together with Zhulebino, on 9 November 2013; the station is constructed below the intersection of Khvalynsky Boulevard and Lermontovsky Avenue, hence the name of the station, is located outside the Moscow Ring Road 500 metres from Kosino railway station. The construction of Lermontovsky Prospekt and Zhulebino was needed to unload Vykhino, which by the time of construction was the most used station of Moscow Metro. Lermontovsky Prospekt is a shallow single-vault station, it is located below the central line of Lermontovsky Avenue from northwest to southeast. The station has five exits. Two of them are located at the northwestern side, at both sides of Lermontovsky Avenue, three more at the southeastern side, at both sides of Khvalynsky Boulevard. In 2019,the Nekrasovskaya line will connect to the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line in the west and pass by Lermontovsky Prospect.
A transfer to the Kosino of the Nekrasovskaya line will be opened at that time. The territory at which the station located was until 1984 a part of the town of Lyubertsy of Moscow Oblast. In 1984 it was transferred to Moscow, subsequently rapid urban development started; the whole area, along with Lyubertsy and other areas along the Kazansky and Ryazansky suburban directions of Moscow Railway were dependent on the station of Vykhino the terminus of the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line and a transfer station to both railway directions. In the 2000s, Vykhino was overloaded; the decision was taken to extend the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line beyond Vykhino. The construction of the first stretch, with the stations of Lermontovsky Prospekt and Zhulebino, started in August 2011; the tunnels were completed by September 2013