A no-win situation called a “lose-lose situation”, is one where a person has choices, but no choice leads to a net gain. For example, if an executioner offers the condemned the choice of death by being hanged, shot, or poisoned, all choices lead to death; this bleak situation gives the chooser no room: whichever choice is made the person making it will lose their life. Less drastic situations may be considered no-win situations - if one has a choice for lunch between a ham sandwich and a roast beef sandwich, but is a vegetarian or has a wheat allergy, that might be considered a no-win situation. In game theory, a "no-win" situation is one; this may be because of any or all of the following: Unavoidable or unforeseeable circumstances causing the situation to change after decisions have been made. This is common in text adventures. Zugzwang, as in chess, when any move a player chooses makes him worse off than before. A situation in which the player has to accomplish two mutually dependent tasks each of which must be completed before the other or that are mutually exclusive.
Ignorance of other players' actions, meaning the best decision for all differs from that for any one player. Carl von Clausewitz's advice characterizes war as a no-win situation. A similar example is the Pyrrhic victory, in which a military victory is so costly that the winning side ends up worse off than before it started. Looking at the victory as a part of a larger situation, the situation could either be no-win, or more of a win for the other side than the one that won the "victory", or victory at such cost that the gains are outweighed by the cost and are no longer a source of joy. For example, the "victorious" side may have accomplished their objective, but the objective may have been worthless, or they may lose a strategic advantage in manpower or positioning. A related concept is sometimes described as winning the battle but losing the war, where a lesser objective is won but the true objective beyond it is not well pursued and is lost. In past Europe, those accused of being witches were sometimes bound and thrown or dunked in water to test their innocence.
A witch would float, be executed. Unwinnable is a state in many text adventures, graphical adventure games and role-playing video games where it is impossible for the player to win the game, where the only options are restarting the game, loading a saved game, wandering indefinitely, or a game over, it is known as a dead end situation or a softlock. This is the result of the player's previous choices, not due to the game itself lacking a path to victory. For example, in games such as Goldeneye 007, Perfect Dark, TimeSplitters, the level does not end once a player fails an objective short of being killed, but it is impossible to progress to the next level no matter what the player does afterwards. Other games take steps to avoid unwinnable situations. Softlocks can be triggered by incorrect manipulation of game code or mechanics, as seen in speedrunning - should a certain sequence of tasks to perform a sequence break be carried out incorrectly, the game may become softlocked, forcing either a restart of the game or the console altogether.
Unwinnable should not be confused with unbeatable, used to describe a character, monster, or puzzle, too powerful or difficult to be overcome by the player or character at a lower standing, is found in role-playing video games. In many cases, "unbeatable" gamestates occur because of integer overflow or other errors programmers did not take into account, called a kill screen. In this situation, the game may crash. In the film WarGames, the supercomputer WOPR simulates all possible games of tic-tac-toe as a metaphor for all possible scenarios of a nuclear war, each of them ending in a nuclear holocaust; the computer exclaims, "A strange game. In the Star Trek canon, the Kobayashi Maru simulation is a no-win scenario designed as a character test for command track cadets at Starfleet Academy, it first appears in the film Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. In the film, Admiral James T. Kirk states. In the TV show Quantico, the agents are put in a terrorist hijack flight simulation mission, unbeatable.
Catch-22 Cornelian dilemma Double bind Kobayashi Maru Morton's fork Pyrrhic victory Setting up to fail Two-body problem Winner's curse Win-win game Zugzwang Leon F Seltzer Ph. D Two Ways to "Win" in a No-Win Situation
Hydrox, a gas mixture of hydrogen and oxygen, was used as a breathing gas in deep diving. It allows divers to descend several hundred metres. Precautions are necessary when using hydrox, since mixtures containing more than a few percent of both oxygen and hydrogen are explosive if ignited. Hydrogen is the lightest gas but may cause hydrogen narcosis. Although the first reported use of hydrogen seems to be by Antoine Lavoisier, who had guinea pigs breathe it, the actual first uses of this gas in diving are attributed to trials by the Swedish engineer, Arne Zetterström in 1945. Zetterström showed that hydrogen was usable to great depths. Following a fault in using the surface equipment, he died during a demonstration dive; the study of hydrogen was not resumed until several years by the United States Navy and by the Compagnie maritime d'expertises during their Hydra I and Hydra II experiments, in 1968 and 1969. Comex subsequently developed procedures allowing dives between 500 and 700 metres in depth, while breathing gas mixtures based on hydrogen, called hydrox or hydreliox.
In July 2012, after about a year of preparation and planning, members of the Swedish Historical Diving Society and the Royal Institute of Technology Diving Club, performed a series of hydrox dives in memory of Arne Zetterström, accidentally killed during the ascent from his record dive using hydrox in August 1945. The memorial dives were performed using the same breathing mixture of 96% hydrogen and 4% oxygen as was developed and tested by Zetterström in the 1940s; the dives were made to a depth of 40 metres, just deep enough to be able to use the oxygen-lean gas mixture. Project Leader Ola Lindh commented that in order to repeat Zetterström's record the team would need to make a dive to 160 metres, today a dive to that depth is considered extreme. Hydrox may be used to combat high pressure nervous syndrome occurring during deep dives; these studies scored a resounding success with a simulated dive to 701 metres, by Theo Mavrostomos on 20 November 1990 at Toulon, during the COMEX Hydra X decompression chamber experiments.
This dive made him "the deepest diver in the world". The United States Navy has evaluated the use of bacterial flora to speed decompression from hydrox diving. Argox Heliox Hydreliox Nitrox Trimix COMEX Hydra - Hyperbaric Experimental Centre Diving With Gas Mixes Other Than Air, Larry "Harris" Taylor Theo Mavrostomos picture Fact sheet and links
The 2016 Chinese Football Association Division Two League season was the 27th season since its establishment in 1989. It was divided into two groups and South; the league was expanded with 10 teams in North Group and 10 teams in South Group. Hainan Seamen F. C. changed their name to Hainan Boying Seamen F. C. in December 2015. Jiangsu Yancheng Dingli F. C. took over Fujian Broncos F. C. in January 2016, will participate instead of them. Heilongjiang Lava Spring F. C. took over Anhui Litian F. C. in January 2016, will participate instead of them. Nantong Zhiyun F. C. took over Guangxi Longguida F. C. in January 2016, will participate instead of them. Nanjing Qianbao F. C. moved to the city of Chengdu and changed their name to Chengdu Qbao F. C. in January 2016. Yunnan Wanhao F. C. moved to the city of Shanghai and changed their name to Shanghai JuJu Sports F. C. in January 2016. Meixian Hakka F. C. changed their name to Meizhou Meixian Hakka F. C. in January 2016. Sichuan Longfor won 3–2 on aggregate. Lijiang Jiayunhao won 4–2 on aggregate.
Baoding Yingli Yitong won 3–1 on aggregate. Jiangxi Liansheng won 3–1 on aggregate. 1–1 on aggregate. Lijiang Jiayunhao won 2–1 on penalties. 3–3 on aggregate. Baoding Yingli Yitong won on away goals; the awards of 2016 China League Two were announced on 11 November 2016. Most valuable player: Zhang Shuang Golden Boot: Zhang Shuang Best goalkeeper: Wen Zhixiang Young Player of the Year: Zhang Xingbo Best coach: Zhang Biao Fair play award: Yinchuan Helanshan, Meixian Hakka, Shenzhen Renren, Shanghai JuJu Sports, Shenyang Urban Best referee: Yang Delin, Dai Yige, Zhang Meilin Note: † Teams played previous season in CL1. ‡ Teams played previous season in CAL. Source: 同道DATA, 同道DATA Official site News and results at mytiyu.cn
Forceps are a handheld, hinged instrument used for grasping and holding objects. Forceps are used when fingers are too large to grasp small objects or when many objects need to be held at one time while the hands are used to perform a task; the term "forceps" is used exclusively within the medical field. Outside medicine, people refer to forceps as tweezers, pliers, clips or clamps. Mechanically, forceps employ the principle of the lever to apply pressure. Depending on their function, basic surgical forceps can be categorized into the following groups: Non-disposable forceps, they should withstand various kinds of physical and chemical effects of body fluids, cleaning agents, sterilization methods. Disposable forceps, they are made of lower-quality materials or plastics which are disposed after use. Surgical forceps are made of high-grade carbon steel, which ensures they can withstand repeated sterilization in high-temperature autoclaves; some are made of other high-quality stainless steel and vanadium alloys to ensure durability of edges and freedom from rust.
Lower-quality steel is used in forceps made for other uses. Some disposable forceps are made of plastic; the invention of surgical forceps is attributed to Stephen Hales. There are two basic types of forceps: non-locking and locking, though these two types come in dozens of specialized forms for various uses. Non-locking forceps come in two basic forms: hinged at one end, away from the grasping end and hinged in the middle, rather like scissors. Locking forceps are always hinged in the middle, though some forms place the hinge close to the grasping end. Locking forceps use various means to lock the grasping surfaces in a closed position to facilitate manipulation or to independently clamp, grasp or hold an object. Thumb forceps are held between the thumb and two or three fingers of one hand, with the top end resting on the first dorsal interosseous muscle at the base of the thumb and index finger. Spring tension at one end holds; this allows one to and grasp small objects or tissue to move and release it or to grasp and hold tissue with variable pressure.
Thumb forceps are used to hold tissue in place when applying sutures, to move tissues out of the way during exploratory surgery and to move dressings or draping without using the hands or fingers. Thumb forceps can have cross-hatched tips or serrated tips. Common arrangements of teeth are 1×2, 7×7 and 9×9. Serrated forceps are used on tissue. Smooth or cross-hatched forceps are used to move remove sutures and similar tasks. Locking forceps, sometimes called clamps, are used to hold objects or tissue; when they are used to compress an artery to forestall bleeding, they are called hemostats. Another form of locking forceps is the needle holder, used to guide a suturing needle through tissue. Many locking forceps use finger loops to facilitate handling; the finger loops are grasped by the thumb and middle or ring fingers, while the index finger helps guide the instrument. The most common locking mechanism is a series of interlocking teeth located near the finger loops; as the forceps are closed, the teeth engage and keep the instrument's grasping surfaces from separating.
A simple shift of the fingers is all, needed to disengage the teeth and allow the grasping ends to move apart. Forceps are used for surgery. Kelly forceps are a type of hemostat made of stainless steel, they resemble a pair of scissors with the blade replaced by a blunted grip. They feature a locking mechanism to allow them to act as clamps. Kelly forceps may be as such not used for surgery, they may be sterilized and used in operations, in both human and veterinary medicine. They may be either straight. In surgery, they may be used for occluding blood vessels, manipulating tissues, or for assorted other purposes, they are named for Howard Atwood Kelly, M. D. first professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. The "mosquito" variant of the tool has smaller, finer tips. Other varieties with similar, if more specialized, uses are Allis clamps, Kochers and tonsils. Other types of forceps include: Magill forceps, which are angled forceps used to guide a tracheal tube into the larynx or a nasogastric tube into the esophagus under direct vision.
They are used to remove foreign bodies. Alligator forceps Anesthesia forceps Artery forceps Atraumatic forceps Biopsy forceps Bone-cutting forceps Bone-reduction forceps Bone-holding forceps Bulldog forceps Catheter forceps Cilia forceps Curettes forceps Cushing forceps Debakey forceps Dermal forceps & nippers Dressing forceps Ear forceps Eye forceps Gallbladder forceps Gerald forceps Hemostatic forceps Hysterectomy forceps Intestinal forceps Microsurgery forceps Nasal forceps Obstetrical forceps Postmortem forceps Splinter forceps Sponge forceps Spreading forceps Sterilizer forceps Suture sundries forceps Tenaculum forceps Thoracic forceps Thoracic surgical forceps Thumb forceps Tissue forceps Tongue forceps Tooth extracting forceps Tubing forc
Richard Conte is a contemporary artist and art professor. Conte studied plastic arts and art history at the French University University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, he completed a PhD dissertation entitled Une Pratique Négative en Peinture, Poïétique de la Fragmentation, de l'Enlevage et de l'Obturation supervised by René Passeron. An Agrégé and a Doctor in Plastic Arts, he began teaching at the École Normale of Douai, l'Essonne and Cergy, at the university from 1983 onwards. In the mid-1990s, Conte obtained an accreditation to supervise research, he was subsequently elected director of the CERAP by the Scientific Council of the university and has been responsible for coordinating the seminar entitled Interface at the Sorbonne since 1999. Since 2012, Conte is the director of ACTE Institute a research Mixt Unit of the French National Centre for Scientific Research and the University Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne. Conte has been director of the CERAP since the early 2000s. At about the same period, he was elected member of the Scientific Council of the Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne.
As part of his mandate, Conte is a member of the Council of the Doctoral School for Plastic Arts and Art Sciences at the Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. Appointed member of the Commission nationale consultative d'évaluation des enseignants des écoles d'art of the French Ministry of Culture. Member of the research commission of the Délégation aux Arts plastiques. Member of the Board of research and studies at the ENSAD. President of the jury for the promotion of the Professors of Plastic Arts and Art Sciences in Tunisia. Co-founder and managing editor of the journal Recherches poïétiques. Founder and managing editor of the journal Plastik. Founder and Director of the collection Arts et monde contemporain, Publications de la Sorbonne. Coordinator of the project Création et prospective, as part of the 2006–2007 / 2008–2009 projects comprised under the title La création à l'épreuve des risques majeurs. 2015 - 16 September - 16 October, Sutnar Art Gallery, Pilsen: « L’amour et la guerre à Versailles », dans le cadre de Pilsen, capitale européenne de la culture 2015.
Laska a valka ve Versailles / L’amour et la guerre à Versailles, Richard Conte, Catalogue de l’exposition à la galerie Ladislav Sutnar, Pilsen. Textes de Josef Mistera, Jiri Kornatovsky, Richard Conte. Editions de l’université de Pilsen, 70 pages. 2013 - Galerie du Tableau, Marseille, 2012 - Premier Festival international d'art contemporain de Moroni, République des Comores. 2009 - Deborah Zafman Art Gallery, Paris. 2005-2006 - Pommes Libertines, Potager du roi, grotte du Parc Balbi, Château de Versailles. 2005 - Museum Nicéphore Niépce, Chalon-sur-Saône, France. 2004 - Performance entitled Bille en tête for the opening of the Festival Chalon-dans-la-rue. 2002 - KBS Television Gallery, South Korea: Mondial 98 – Museum of Contemporary Art at Pusan, South Korea. 2001 - Contemporary Art Space Camille Lambert, city of Juvisy-sur-Orge, France - Performance entitled L'abeille qui fait son miel 2000 - Museum of Contemporary Art at Seoul National University, edition of an art booklet. 1997 - Château de Dampierre, Les Années Rondes, 1996–1986.
1996 - Nicole Ferry Art Gallery, Paris. Les Autonus. 1994 - Museum of Bourges, France – Foundation of Roger Van Rogger, Bandol. 1993 - University of Pau, France. 1992 - Nicole Ferry Art Gallery, Paris – Art et essai, Art Gallery, France. 1989 - Nicole Ferry Art Gallery, Paris. 1988 - Nicole Ferry Art Gallery, Paris – University of Toulouse le Mirail. 1986 - Museum Gauguin, Papeete – Eros Errance Art Gallery, France. 1985 - Cultural Center Jacques Brel, France. 1982 - Pierre Lescot Art Gallery, Paris. 1980 - Théâtre Nanterre-Amandiers, France. 2016 - Musée de la toile de Jouy, Jouy-en-Josas, « Peindre n’est pas teindre? » 2013 - Installation « Mes chers amis », Ici & Là, Domaine du Saulchoir, Etiolles, 17 au 30 juin 2013 - Conseil régional de Marseille, « Hudjijuwa », 1er au 12 juillet 2012 - Festival d’art contemporain de Moroni Intervention urbaine par affiches. 2012 - Galerie Municipale Jean Collet, Vitry-sur Seine, commissariat Catherine Viollet. 2010 May - La part du corps, Kheïreddine Palace, Tunis.
2010 February - Laboratoria, exhibition Art/Science, Moscow. 2007 - Nuits Blanches, Paris. 2005 May - L'art, un cas d'école, Museum of Education at [[Saint-Ouen l'Aumone, France. 2005 January–May - L'art, Un Cas d'Ecole, Museum of Education for the department, Saint-Ouen l'Aumône. Light installation entitled Gobostensibles, in collaboration with François Salis. Catalogue, text written by Romane Boyard. Nicole Ferry Art Gallery. 2004 May- L'art et le bâti, cultural center of Chebba, Tunisia. Art installation: painting on a mason's sieve. 2003 January- Takato & Jean-Luc Richard Art Gallery, Paris. 2001 October - Les filles du calvaire Art Gallery, Paris – December 2001 –Madeleine Lacerte Art Gallery, Quebec –Nicole Ferry Art Gallery, Paris - August 2002 –Artena Art Gallery, France. 2001 August - Invited to the International Contemporary Art Symposi
Bernard Häring was a German Catholic moral theologian, a Redemptorist priest. Häring was born at Böttingen in Germany to a peasant family. At the age of 12, he entered the seminary, he took vows as a Redemptorist, was ordained a priest, sent as a missionary to Brazil. He studied moral theology in obedience to his superiors. During World War II, he was served as a medic. Although forbidden from performing priestly functions by the Nazi authorities, he brought the sacraments to Catholic soldiers. In 1954, he came to fame as a moral theologian with The Law of Christ; the work received ecclesiastical approval but was written in a style different from the Manual Tradition. It was translated into more than 12 languages. Between 1949 and 1987, he taught Moral theology on Alphonsian Academy in Rome, he served as a peritus at the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965, was on the mixed commission which prepared the pastoral constitution, Gaudium et Spes. Häring taught at various universities including the University of San Francisco, Yale, Brown and the Kennedy Institute for Bioethics at Georgetown.
A prolific writer, Häring produced about 80 books and 1,000 articles. He died of a stroke at the age of 85 at Haag in Germany. Häring established himself as a leader in moving Catholic moral theology to a more personalist and scripture-based approach. Bernard Häring, presents a dialogical approach to Catholic moral theology in his trilogies The Law of Christ and Free and Faithful in Christ. In this approach, morality follows the pattern of faith necessitating a dialogue; this approach to morality rests on the person's conscience. "God speaks in many ways to awaken and strengthen faith, hope and the spirit of adoration. We are believers to the extent that, in all of reality and in all events that touch us, we perceive a gift and a call from God." —. The Law of Christ. Moral Theology for Priests and Laity. Ireland: Mercier Press.. 3 Vols. —. Blessed Are the Pure in Heart: The Beatitudes. —. The Christ: God-With-Us. —. The Christian Existentialist. —. Church on the Move. —. Dare to Be Christian: Developing a Social Conscience.
—. Discovering God's Mercy: Confession Helps for Today's Catholic. —. Embattled Witness: Memories of a Time of War. —. The Ethics of Manipulation. —. The Eucharist and Our Everyday Life. —. Road to Renewal. —. Shalom, Peace. —. Free and Faithful in Christ. Obituary in NYT