La maison de mon rêve
La maison de mon rêve is the first album by CocoRosie, released on March 9, 2004 by Touch and Go Records. It was re-released in Australia in 2007, including a bonus track, "Beautiful Boyz". Bianca and Sierra Casady had first decided on making just a few copies of the album, intending to distribute it to some friends. However, they were persuaded by Go Records to release it under their label. "Terrible Angels" – 4:10 "By Your Side" – 3:59 "Jesus Loves Me" – 3:10 "Good Friday" – 4:23 "Not for Sale" – 1:19 "Tahiti Rain Song" – 3:36 "CandyLand" – 2:56 "Butterscotch" – 3:08 "West Side" – 1:24 "Madonna" – 3:49 "Haitian Love Songs" – 4:55 "Lyla" – 4:04 "Beautiful Boyz"
Psychedelic folk is a loosely defined form of psychedelia that originated in the 1960s. It retains the acoustic instrumentation of folk, but adds musical elements common to psychedelic music. Psychedelic folk favors acoustic instrumentation although it incorporates other instrumentation. Chanting, early music and various non-Western folk music influences are found in psych folk. Much like its rock counterpart, psychedelic folk is known for a peculiar, trance-like, atmospheric sound drawing on musical improvisation and Asian influences, its lyrics are concerned with such subjects as the natural world and beauty and try to evoke a state of mind associated with the effects of psychedelic drugs. The first musical use of the term psychedelic is thought to have been by the New York-based folk group The Holy Modal Rounders on their version of Lead Belly's'Hesitation Blues' in 1964. Folk/avant-garde guitarist John Fahey recorded several songs in the early 1960s that experimented with unusual recording techniques, including backward tapes, novel instrumental accompaniment.
His nineteen-minute "The Great San Bernardino Birthday Party" "anticipated elements of psychedelia with its nervy improvisations and odd guitar tunings". Other songs from Fahey's The Great San Bernardino Birthday Party & Other Excursions used "unsettling moods and dissonances" that took them beyond the typical folk fare. In 1967, he performed with the psychedelic/avant-garde/noise rock band Red Krayola at the Berkeley Folk Festival, recorded and released as Live 1967. Among other descriptions, their performance has been likened to "the weirdest parts of late-'60s Pink Floyd pieces". Folk guitarist Sandy Bull's early work "incorporated elements of folk and Indian and Arabic-influenced dronish modes", his 1963 album Fantasias for Guitar and Banjo explores various styles and instrumentation and "could be described as one of the first psychedelic records". Albums, such as 1968's E Pluribus Unum and his live album Still Valentine's Day 1969, which use experimental recording techniques and extended improvisation have psychedelic elements.
Musicians with several groups that became identified with psychedelic rock began as folk musicians, such as those with the Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Country Joe and the Fish, Quicksilver Messenger Service from San Francisco. In the UK, folk artists who were significant included Marc Bolan, with his hippy duo Tyrannosaurus Rex, who used unusual instrumentation and tape effects, typified by the album Unicorn, Scottish performers such as Donovan, who combined influences of American artists like Bob Dylan with references to flower power, the Incredible String Band, who from 1967 incorporated a range of influences into their acoustic based music, including medieval and eastern instruments. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, solo acts such as Syd Barrett and Nick Drake began to incorporate psychedelic influences into folk music with albums such as Barrett's The Madcap Laughs and Drake's Five Leaves Left. In the mid 1970s psychedelia began to fall out of fashion and those folk groups that had not moved into different areas had disbanded.
In Britain folk groups tended to electrify as did acoustic duo Tyrannosaurus Rex which became the electric combo T. Rex; this was a continuation of a process by which progressive folk had considerable impact on mainstream rock. Interest in folk music among the independent artists and crossover bands that dominated much of the underground music scene in the late 1990s led to a revival of psychedelic folk during the following decade, with the New Weird America movement, which saw the rise of the stylistically similar genre of freak folk. Animal Collective's early albums identify with freak folk as does their collaboration with veteran British folk artist Vashti Bunyan, The Microphones/Mount Eerie, who combine naturalistic elements with lo-fi and psychedelia. Both artists received significant exposure in the indie music scene following critical acclaim from review site Pitchfork Media and soon more artists began experimenting with the genre, including Quilt, Grizzly Bear, Devendra Banhart, Rodrigo Amarante, Grouper.
Freak folk is a loosely defined synonym or subgenre of psychedelic folk which involves acoustic sounds and delightful lyrics, a neo-hippie aesthetic. The label originated from the "lost treasure" reissue culture of the late 1990s. Vashti Bunyan has been labelled "the Godmother of Freak Folk" for her role in inspiring the new crop of folk experimentalists. Other major influences on freak folk artists include Linda Perhacs, Anne Briggs, Shirley & Dolly Collins, the Incredible String Band, Pearls Before Swine. Devendra Banhart would become one of the leaders of the 2000s freak folk movement, along with Joanna Newsom. Psychedelic folk artists Freak folk artists The Natural Acoustic Band Tom Hoy Krysia Kocjan Robin Thyne Anti-folk Freak scene Jam bands Neofolk New Weird America Ptolemaic Terrascope – a psychedelic folk & rock magazine PsychedelicFolk.com, by Gerald Van Waes Prog Archives: resource for psych folk and all other types of psychedelic music Ptolemaic Terrascope: resource for psych folk and all other types of psychedelic music Dream Magazine: resource for psych folk and all other types of psychedelic music Contemporary Psychedelia: From Transcendence to Imman
CocoRosie is an American musical group formed in 2003 by sisters Bianca "Coco" and Sierra "Rosie" Casady. The sisters were born and raised in the United States, but formed the band in Paris after reconnecting for the first time in years, their music has been described as "freak folk" and "New Weird America", incorporates elements of pop, opera and hip hop. CocoRosie began as a duo, with Sierra singing, playing the guitar and harp, Bianca singing and manipulating various children's toys, percussion instruments, wind Instruments, as well as other exotic noisemakers, they subsequently added various backing musicians a bassist and beatboxer. They have been a active touring group, playing across Europe and South America, elsewhere, they have released six full-length albums: La maison de mon rêve, Noah's Ark, The Adventures of Ghosthorse and Stillborn, Grey Oceans, Tales of a GrassWidow, Heartache City. They are vocal feminists and published a feminist magazine in 2013, Girls Against God. Sierra Casady was born in Iowa, Bianca was born in Hawaii.
When Sierra was about five years old and Bianca was three, their parents separated. The girls lived with their mother, Christina Chalmers, an artist and singer of Native American and Syrian Orthodox ancestry who grew up in Iowa, they moved to new towns every year, living in Hawaii, New Mexico, Arizona. Because their mother believed that the girls would learn more doing art in the "real world" than in school, neither sister finished high school. Chalmers nicknamed her daughters "Rosie" and "Coco", from; the Casady sisters are now estranged from their father, Timothy Casady, an Iowa farmer and teacher who became interested in Native American religion and shamanism. As children, the sisters spent summers with him, while he visited Native American Reservations and took part in vision quests; the girls did not enjoy these experiences at the time, but came to appreciate some of the things that interested him. In 1998, at about age 18, Sierra moved to New York City. Two years she moved into a tiny apartment in the Montmartre district in Paris, France, to pursue a career as an opera singer, studying at the Conservatoire de Paris.
During this period, Sierra lost contact with Bianca, living in New York City. Bianca studied linguistics and sociology, pursued her passion of visual arts and writing. In 2003, Bianca joined Sierra in Paris; the pair spent a summer producing music in Sierra's bathroom, chosen as the most acoustic and isolated room in the apartment. The songs feature vocals from both women, acoustic guitar played by Sierra and various other improvised instruments; the songs were compiled into their debut album La maison de mon rêve. La maison de mon rêve was intended to be distributed among a close circle of the artists' friends. However, in 2004 the group was signed to the independent label Touch and Go Records which released the lo-fi album. CocoRosie released their second album, Noah's Ark, in 2005; the album includes collaborations with Anohni from Antony and the Johnsons, Devendra Banhart, French rapper Spleen. The album was recorded in a variety of locations; the album's cover, a drawing by Bianca of three unicorns having sex while one of them vomits drops corresponding to the color spectrum, was selected by The Guardian and Pitchfork Media as one of the worst album covers of all time.
In 2006, Sierra started Metallic Falcons, with friend Matteah Baim. The project is signed to Voodoo Eros Records, a new label started by Bianca with business partner Melissa Shimkovitz. Bianca opened the Voodoo Eros Museum Of Nice Items, an art gallery and performance space in New York City most home to an exhibition of Bianca's art Red Bone Slim VS. Itself: an Exhibition of Drawings. CocoRosie's third full-length studio album, The Adventures of Ghosthorse and Stillborn, was released on April 10, 2007, it was produced by Björk's longtime collaborator. The songs are about their deceased brother, it was recorded at their mother's farm in the Camargue region of France. The album's cover is a photo by Pierre et Gilles that features Sierra as two women, Bianca in drag. In a 2008 interview with AfterEllen.com, Bianca expressed surprise that many people do not realize she is queer, given that she performs in drag. In May 2007, while touring in support of The Adventures of Ghosthorse and Stillborn, the band was involved in an incident which resulted in the cancellation of the remainder of the North American leg of the tour.
No official explanation was released. On May 13, 2008, CocoRosie released a new single entitled "God Has a Voice, She Speaks Through Me"; the song was released digitally and as a 7" picture disc single. The B-side of the 7" features a short and untitled song, which consists of noises. Though the picture on the B-side of the vinyl has lyrics from the song "Hairnet Paradise", only performed live, the actual song on the recording is different; the duo spent much of 2008 writing and recording in various locations such as New York city, Réunion and Berlin where they teamed up with artist Neda Sanai, the spoken word voice on the song "R. I. P Burn Face". In 2009, CocoRosie's relationship with Touch and Go Records became unclear. A self-released EP entitled Coconuts, Plenty of Junk Food was made available for sale ex
Spin is an American music magazine founded in 1985 by publisher Bob Guccione, Jr. The magazine stopped running in print in 2012 and runs as a webzine, owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group division of Valence Media. Spin was established in 1985. In its early years, the magazine was known for its broad music coverage with an emphasis on college rock, indie rock, the ongoing emergence of hip-hop; the magazine was bold, if sometimes haphazard. It pointedly provided a national alternative to Rolling Stone's more establishment-oriented style. Spin prominently placed newer artists such as R. E. M. Prince, Run-D. M. C. Eurythmics, Beastie Boys, Talking Heads on its covers and did lengthy features on established figures such as Bob Dylan, Keith Richards, Miles Davis, Lou Reed, Tom Waits, John Lee Hooker—Bart Bull's article on Hooker won the magazine its first major award. On a cultural level, the magazine devoted significant coverage to punk, alternative country, electronica and world music, experimental rock, jazz of the most adventurous sort, burgeoning underground music scenes, a variety of fringe styles.
Artists such as the Ramones, Patti Smith, Blondie, X, Black Flag, the former members of the Sex Pistols, The Clash, the early punk and New Wave movements were featured in Spin's editorial mix. Spin's extensive coverage of hip-hop music and culture that of contributing editor John Leland, was notable at the time. Editorial contributions by musical and cultural figures included Lydia Lunch, Henry Rollins, David Lee Roth and Dwight Yoakam; the magazine reported on cities such as Austin, Texas, or Glasgow, Scotland, as cultural incubators in the independent music scene. A 1990 article on the contemporary country blues scene brought R. L. Burnside to national attention for the first time. Coverage of American cartoonists, Japanese manga, monster trucks, the AIDS crisis, outsider artists, Twin Peaks, other non-mainstream cultural phenomena distinguished the magazine's dynamic early years. In late 1987, publisher Bob Guccione Jr.'s father, Bob Guccione Sr. abruptly shut the magazine down despite the fact that the two-year-old magazine was considered a success, with a newsstand circulation of 150,000.
Guccione Jr. was able to rally much of his staff, partner with former MTV president and David H. Horowitz, locate additional new investors and offices and after missing a month's publication, returned with a combined November–December issue. During this time, it was published by Camouflage Associates. In 1997, Guccione sold Spin to Miller Publishing. In 1994, two journalists working for the magazine were killed by a landmine while reporting on the Bosnian War in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A third, William T. Vollmann, was injured. In February 2006, Miller Publishing sold the magazine to a San Francisco-based company called the McEvoy Group LLC, the owner of Chronicle Books; that company formed Spin Media LLC as a holding company. The new owners replaced editor-in-chief Sia Michel with a former editor at Blender; the first issue to be published under his brief command was the July 2006 issue—sent to the printer in May 2006—which featured Beyoncé on the cover. Pemberton and Spin parted ways the next month, in June 2006.
The following editor, Doug Brod, was executive editor during Michel's tenure. For Spin's 20th anniversary, it published a book chronicling the prior two decades in music; the book has essays on grunge and emo, among other genres of music, as well as pieces on musical acts including Marilyn Manson, Tupac Shakur, R. E. M. Nirvana, Nine Inch Nails, Limp Bizkit, the Smashing Pumpkins. In February 2012, Spin relaunched the magazine in a larger, bi-monthly format and expanded its online presence, which covered reviews, extended editorials and features on up-and-coming talent. In July 2012, Spin was sold to Buzzmedia, which renamed itself SpinMedia; the September/October 2012 issue of Spin was the magazine's last print edition. In December 2016, Eldridge Industries acquired SpinMedia via the Hollywood Reporter-Billboard Media Group for an undisclosed amount. In 1995, Spin produced its first book, entitled Spin Alternative Record Guide, it compiled writings by 64 music critics on recording artists and bands relevant to the alternative music movement, with each artist's entry featuring their discography and albums reviewed and rated a score between one and ten.
According to Pitchfork Media's Matthew Perpetua, the book featured "the best and brightest writers of the 80s and 90s, many of whom started off in zines but have since become major figures in music criticism," including Rob Sheffield, Byron Coley, Ann Powers, Simon Reynolds, Alex Ross. Although the book was not a sales success, "it inspired a disproportionate number of young readers to pursue music criticism." After the book was published, its entry on 1960s folk artist John Fahey, written by Byron Coley, helped renew interest in Fahey's music, leading to interest from record labels and the alternative music scene. Contributors to Spin have included: SPIN began compiling year-end lists in 1990. Note: The 2000 album of the year was awarded to "your hard drive", acknowledging the impact that filesharing had on the music listening experience in 2000. Kid A was listed as the highest ranking given to an actual album. 1994 roadside attack on Spin magazine journalists Anon.. "Bibliography". In Ray, Michael.
Alternative, Hip-Hop and More: Music from the 1980s to Today. Britannica Educational Publishing. ISBN 1615309101. Mazmanian, Adam. "Library Journal". In White, William. Buyer's Guide. Bowker. Johnston, Maura. "Never Mind The Anglophilia, Here's The Queens Brothers". Idolator. Retrieved Jul
Diane Cluck is an American singer-songwriter. She describes her music as "intuitive folk", she resides in Virginia. Cluck was raised in Pennsylvania, she began taking piano lessons at the age of 7, was classically trained on scholarship at the Pennsylvania Academy of Music. Cluck began performing her songs publicly in New York City in 2000, she self-released Diane Cluck, that same year. By 2001 she was appearing at the Sidewalk Cafe in New York's Lower East Side, a venue that has featured such artists as Jeffrey Lewis, Regina Spektor, Kimya Dawson. Massachusetts-based record label Important Records distributed Cluck's second and third albums, Macy's Day Bird in 2001 and Black With Green Leaves in 2002. In 2002, her song "Monte Carlo" was included in a compilation of New York Anti-folk music, Anti-folk Vol. 1, released by British label Rough Trade Records. She wrote most of her fourth album, Oh Vanille / ova nil, while staying at the Dorland Mountain Arts Colony in Temecula, California in 2003; the album was distributed in 2004 by Important Records, subsequently reissued on 180g audiophile vinyl pressed by 3 Syllables Records in 2010.
Her fifth album, Countless Times, was distributed by Voodoo-Eros in 2005, her sixth album, Monarcana, 2001-2004, was distributed in 2006 by Very Friendly. Although known as a solo performer, she has collaborated with others, including Jeffrey Lewis, CocoRosie, Toby Goodshank, Herman Düne, with drummer Anders Griffen and cellist Isabel Castellvi on tours in the US, UK and Europe. In December 2011 she announced a fan-funded "Song-of-the-Week" project, in which she has been writing and distributing a series of 24 new songs directly to subscribers. In March 2014, Cluck released her seventh album Boneset, her first in eight years, on 10" vinyl, CD, digitally, laid out "Dark to light to dark, the album overends as a mobius strip, its songs seeded with connection and release, overcoming fear with heart...birds, surrender," which NPR Music described as "as thrilling a showcase of Cluck's clawed, counterintuitive fingerpicking and elastic voice as anything she's released."In early 2014, Cluck embarked on a tour of the US, the UK & Europe.
She co-directed her first official music video for Boneset's first single, Sara. Shawn Bosler of The Village Voice wrote that "she is one of the most refined and elegant songwriters in all of neo-folkdom. A brilliant idiosyncratic guitarist, a witty and wise lyricist, an imaginative melody writer with a powerful voice. Watch her spellbind the room."David Garland of NPR Music described her sound as "an unlikely mix of Aaron Neville, the Baka people and Joni Mitchell." Praising Cluck's singing for being "unaffected yet unusual", he notes that she "handles her guitar in a distinctive way plucking the strings where the neck meets the body of the guitar, producing a harp-like tone." Diane Cluck - 2000 Macy's Day Bird - 2001 Black With Green Leaves - 2002 Oh Vanille/Ova Nil - 2003 Countless Times - 2005 Monarcana, 2001-2004 - 2006 Oh Vanille/Ova Nil 180g audiophile vinyl - 2010 Boneset - 2014 Travel Light, The River, Finish Line - 2001 - With Jeffrey Lewis So Not What I Wanted - With Herman Düne To Live Like the Boys - With Herman Düne Palam & Porom - 2005 - With Toby Goodshank tremenda - 2005 - With Sierra Casady Noah's Ark - 2005 - Contributed to CocoRosie album Tell Me to Stay - 2009 - by Stanley Brinks AFNY Collaborations Volume 1 - 2001 - With Jeffrey Lewis and Kimya Dawson Antifolk Vol. 1 - 2002 - Monte Carlo The Golden Apples of the Sun - 2004 - Heat From Every Corner The Enlightened Family: A Collection Of Lost Songs - 2005 - Real Good Time and Nothing But God Rough Trade Shops: Singer Songwriter 1 - 2006 - Easy to be Around So Much Fire to Roast Human Flesh - 2006 - A Phoenix and Doves From Colette With Love - 2006 - Real Good Time Anticomp Folkilation - 2007 - The River - With Jeffrey Lewis Margot at the Wedding OST - 2007 - Easy to be Around Skins - 2011 - Petite Roses Audio Antihero presents: REGAL VS STEAMBOAT for Rape Crisis - 2013 - Content to Reform
Jean Genet was a French novelist, poet and political activist. Early in his life he was a vagabond and petty criminal, but he took to writing, his major works include the novels The Thief's Journal and Our Lady of the Flowers, the plays The Balcony, The Maids and The Screens. Genet's mother was a prostitute who raised him for the first seven months of his life before putting him up for adoption. Thereafter Genet was raised in the provincial town of Alligny-en-Morvan, in the Nièvre department of central France, his foster family was headed by a carpenter and, according to Edmund White's biography, was loving and attentive. While he received excellent grades in school, his childhood involved a series of attempts at running away and incidents of petty theft. After the death of his foster mother, Genet was placed with an elderly couple but remained with them less than two years. According to the wife, "he was going out nights and seemed to be wearing makeup." On one occasion he squandered a considerable sum of money, which they had entrusted him for delivery elsewhere, on a visit to a local fair.
For this and other misdemeanors, including repeated acts of vagrancy, he was sent at the age of 15 to Mettray Penal Colony where he was detained between 2 September 1926 and 1 March 1929. In Miracle of the Rose, he gives an account of this period of detention, which ended at the age of 18 when he joined the Foreign Legion, he was given a dishonorable discharge on grounds of indecency and spent a period as a vagabond, petty thief and prostitute across Europe—experiences he recounts in The Thief's Journal. After returning to Paris, France in 1937, Genet was in and out of prison through a series of arrests for theft, use of false papers, lewd acts, other offenses. In prison, Genet wrote his first poem, "Le condamné à mort", which he had printed at his own cost, the novel Our Lady of the Flowers. In Paris, Genet sought out and introduced himself to Jean Cocteau, impressed by his writing. Cocteau used his contacts to get Genet's novel published, in 1949, when Genet was threatened with a life sentence after ten convictions and other prominent figures, including Jean-Paul Sartre and Pablo Picasso petitioned the French President to have the sentence set aside.
Genet would never return to prison. By 1949, Genet had completed five novels, three plays, numerous poems, many controversial for their explicit and deliberately provocative portrayal of homosexuality and criminality. Sartre wrote a long analysis of Genet's existential development, entitled Saint Genet, anonymously published as the first volume of Genet's complete works. Genet was affected by Sartre's analysis and did not write for the next five years. Between 1955 and 1961, Genet wrote three more plays as well as an essay called "What Remains of a Rembrandt Torn into Four Equal Pieces and Flushed Down the Toilet", on which hinged Jacques Derrida's analysis of Genet in his seminal work Glas. During this time, Genet became attached to Abdallah Bentaga, a tightrope walker. However, following a number of accidents and his suicide in 1964, Genet entered a period of depression, attempted suicide himself. From the late 1960s, starting with an homage to Daniel Cohn-Bendit after the events of May 1968, Genet became politically active.
He participated in demonstrations drawing attention to the living conditions of immigrants in France. Genet was censored in the United States in 1968 and expelled when they refused him a visa. In an interview with Edward de Grazia, professor of law and First Amendment lawyer, Genet discusses the time he went through Canada for the Chicago congress, he left with no issues. In 1970, the Black Panthers invited him to the United States, where he stayed for three months giving lectures, attended the trial of their leader, Huey Newton, published articles in their journals; the same year he spent six months in Palestinian refugee camps, secretly meeting Yasser Arafat near Amman. Profoundly moved by his experiences in the United States and Jordan, Genet wrote a final lengthy memoir about his experiences, Prisoner of Love, which would be published posthumously. Genet supported Angela Davis and George Jackson, as well as Michel Foucault and Daniel Defert's Prison Information Group, he worked with Foucault and Sartre to protest police brutality against Algerians in Paris, a problem persisting since the Algerian War of Independence, when beaten bodies were to be found floating in the Seine.
Genet expresses his solidarity with the Red Army Faction of Andreas Baader and Ulrike Meinhof, in the article "Violence et brutalité", published in Le Monde, 1977. In September 1982, Genet was in Beirut when the massacres took place in the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Shatila. In response, Genet published "Quatre heures à Chatila", an account of his visit to Shatila after the event. In one of his rare public appearances during the period of his life, at the invitation of Austrian philosopher Hans Köchler, he read from his work during the inauguration of an exhibition on the massacre of Sabra and Shatila organized by the International Progress Organization in Vienna, Austria, on 19 December 1983. By proxy, Jean Genet managed to make an unlikely appearance in the pop charts when in 1972, David Bowie released his popular hit single "The Jean Genie". In his book Moonage Daydream, Bowie confirmed that the title "...was a clumsy pun upon Jean Genet". A promo video combines a version of the song with a fast edit of Genet's 1950 m
New Musical Express is a British music journalism website and former magazine, published since 1952. It was the first British paper to include a singles chart, in the edition of 14 November 1952. In the 1970s it became the best-selling British music newspaper. During the period 1972 to 1976, it was associated with gonzo journalism became associated with punk rock through the writings of Julie Burchill, Paul Morley and Tony Parsons, it started as a music newspaper, moved toward a magazine format during the 1980s and 1990s, changing from newsprint in 1998. An online version, NME.com, was launched in 1996. It became the world's biggest standalone music site, with over sixteen million users per month. With newsstand sales falling across the UK magazine sector, the magazine's paid circulation in the first half of 2014 was 15,830. In 2013, the list of NME's The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time and the way it was conceived was criticized by the media; the printed magazine NME was relaunched in September 2015 to be distributed nationally as a free publication.
The first average circulation published in February 2016 of 307,217 copies per week was the highest in the brand's history, beating the previous best of 306,881, recorded in 1964 at the height of the Beatles' fame. By December 2017, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, average distribution of NME had fallen to 289,432 copies a week, although its publisher Time Inc. UK claimed to have more than 13m global unique users per month, including 3m in the UK. In March 2018, the publisher announced that the print edition of NME would cease publication after 66 years, leaving it as an online-only title. NME's headquarters are in Southwark, England; the brand's current editor is Charlotte Gunn, replacing Mike Williams, who stepped down in February 2018. The paper was established in 1952; the Accordion Times and Musical Express was bought by London music promoter Maurice Kinn, for the sum of £1,000, just 15 minutes before it was due to be closed. It was relaunched as the New Musical Express, was published in a non-glossy tabloid format on standard newsprint.
On 14 November 1952, taking its cue from the US magazine Billboard, it created the first UK Singles Chart, a list of the Top Twelve best-selling singles. The first of these was, in contrast to more recent charts, a top twelve sourced by the magazine itself from sales in regional stores around the UK; the first number one was "Here in My Heart" by Al Martino. During the 1960s the paper championed the new British groups emerging at the time; the NME circulation peaked under Andy Gray with a figure of 306,881 for the period from January to June 1964. The Beatles and the Rolling Stones were featured on the front cover; these and other artists appeared at the NME Poll Winners' Concert, an awards event that featured artists voted as most popular by the paper's readers. The concert featured a ceremony where the poll winners would collect their awards; the NME Poll Winners' Concerts took place between 1959 and 1972. From 1964 onwards they were filmed and transmitted on British television a few weeks after they had taken place.
In the mid-1960s, the NME was dedicated to pop while its older rival, Melody Maker, was known for its more serious coverage of music. Other competing titles included Record Mirror, which led the way in championing American rhythm and blues, Disc, which focused on chart news; the latter part of the decade saw the paper chart the rise of psychedelia and the continued dominance of British groups of the time. During this period some sections of pop music began to be designated as rock; the paper became engaged in a sometimes tense rivalry with Melody Maker. By the early 1970s, NME had lost ground to Melody Maker, as its coverage of music had failed to keep place with the development of rock music during the early years of psychedelia and progressive rock. In early 1972 the paper found itself on the verge of closure by its owner IPC. According to Nick Kent: After sales had plummeted to 60,000 and a review of guitar instrumentalist Duane Eddy had been printed which began with the immortal words "On this, his 35th album, we find Duane in as good as voice as ever," the NME had been told to rethink its policies or die on the vine.
Alan Smith was made editor in 1972, was told by IPC to turn things around or face closure. To achieve this and his assistant editor Nick Logan raided the underground press for writers such as Charles Shaar Murray and Nick Kent, recruited other writers such as Tony Tyler, Ian MacDonald and Californian Danny Holloway. According to The Economist, the New Musical Express "started to champion underground, up-and-coming music.... NME became the gateway to a more rebellious world. First came glamrock, bands such as T. Rex, came punk....by 1977 it had become the place to keep in touch with a cultural revolution, enthralling the nation's listless youth. Bands such as Sex Pistols, X-Ray Spex and Generation X were regular cover stars, eulogised by writers such as Julie Burchill and Tony Parsons, whose nihilistic tone narrated the punk years perfectly." By the time Smith handed the editor's chair to Logan in mid-1973, the paper was selling nearly 300,000 copies per week and was outstripping Melody Maker, Record Mirror and Sounds.
According to MacDonald: I think all the other papers knew by 1974 that NME had become the best music paper in Britain. We had most of the best writers and photographers, the best layouts