The Honda Ridgeline is a pickup truck by American Honda Motor Company and is categorized by some as a lifestyle pickup. The Ridgeline is one of only two trucks produced by the Honda Motor Company—the other being the Honda Acty mini-truck; the Ridgeline is built using a unibody frame, a transverse-mounted engine, is only offered in a crew-cab/short-box configuration with one powertrain. According to Honda and some automotive journalists, other noteworthy aspects of the Ridgeline include: Industry's first in-bed trunk Industry's first truck bed audio system Industry's first ultra-low emissions truck in North America Segment's first all-wheel drive truck with a independent suspension Dual-action tailgate Scratch and dent-resistant half-ton capacity composite bed Large interior for a mid-size truck Advanced safety and technologyContrary to some media reporting, Honda's publications state that the first–generation Ridgeline was a uniquely engineered vehicle with 7% of its components shared with other Honda vehicles.
Its powertrain resembled the one used in the Gen1 Acura MDX but was modified for heavier hauling and towing duties. The second–generation Ridgeline took a different approach sharing Honda's new "global light truck platform," found in the third generation Honda Pilot as well as other large Honda vehicles. However, Honda did have to create or modify components in order to support their next generation pickup, including: Extending the wheelbase Modifying various parts to support heavier hauling and more aggressive off-road use Incorporating notable features from the Gen1, such as the dual-action tailgate and in-bed trunk Adding new exclusive features, such as Honda's truck bed audio system Despite these modifications, Honda has stated that 73% of the Gen2 Ridgeline's components remain common in some way with the Gen3 Pilot; the first Honda Ridgeline went on sale in March 2005 as a 2006 model year vehicle. Production of the Gen1 Ridgeline ended in early 2015. After a one-year hiatus in production, the Gen2 Ridgeline went on sale in June 2016 as a 2017 model year vehicle.
According to Honda, the Ridgeline was not designed to steal sales from the more traditional trucks sold in North America, but was developed to "give the 18% of Honda owners who own pickups a chance to make their garages a Honda-only parking area." Despite the Gen1 Ridgeline's sales, according to the author of Driving Honda, this pickup was one of the more profitable vehicles for Honda with reported sales in over 20 countries. According to the author of The Car Design Yearbook, the Ridgeline was "Honda's first foray into the true heartland of the American automotive way of life." It was designed and engineered by Honda Research and Development Americas, led by Gary Flint, who took about four years to develop the vehicle. According to the author of Driving Honda, the automaker decided to target buyers who were looking to transition out of sedans and sport utility vehicles into trucks. Honda wanted to build a truck that could "...haul a boat and ATVs, camping supplies and wood" while still being comfortable "carrying groceries, kids and dry cleaning."
The design was first revealed as the Honda Sport Utility Truck Concept at the 2004 North American International Auto Show. That same year, Honda unveiled a revised version of their pickup concept at the Specialty Equipment Market Association Show and announced the name chosen for their light-duty truck, the "Ridgeline." The production version of the Ridgeline—which did not stray far from the Sport Utility Truck Concept's design language—was unveiled the next year at the 2005 North American International Auto Show. According to Honda, engineers started construction of the Ridgeline by building "a mission-specific platform" using 44% high-strength steel across a boxed "four bone" ladder-like frame, leveraging seven high-strength steel crossmembers. Honda engineers created "a unique suspension design with custom components, 100% unique sheetmetal and a 95% exclusive interior" for the Ridgeline; the steel-reinforced boxed ladder-like frame, powertrain configuration, four-wheel independent suspension provided space for designers to build unique storage solutions in, on top of the frame.
Starting at the front of the Ridgeline, engineers crafted an aluminum hood that supports a unique cold air intake system for the engine that draws outside air from above and in front of the radiator to support torque production and enhances water fording. This hood design allowed engineers to build environmentally protected windshield wipers that are heated to improve winter performance. Honda incorporated large side-view mirrors to support better visibility while towing. In the crew-cab, the unibody frame allowed engineers to build a cabin with a flat floor and more passenger space than other mid-size trucks. At the center of the truck, the C-pillar's shape was designed to help distribute large loads across the unibody frame and the cab so the truck could achieve its targeted payload and towing figures; the design of the C-pillar, rear roof section, tailgate were built to maintain good aerodynamics and reduce turbulence in the bed while maintaining driver visibility. This aerodynamic design allowed them to create a rear roof design that shields the rear glass window so when it's opened at speed there is no buffeting or rainwater intrusion.
The bed is built out of steel-reinforced sheet moulding composite —developed by Continental Structural Plastics—which is dent resistant, corrosion resistant, ultraviol
The Honda Accord is a series of automobiles manufactured by Honda since 1976, best known for its four-door sedan variant, one of the best-selling cars in the United States since 1989. The Accord nameplate has been applied to a variety of vehicles worldwide, including coupes, hatchbacks, a crossover. Since initiation, Honda has offered several different car body styles and versions of the Accord, vehicles marketed under the Accord nameplate concurrently in different regions differ quite substantially, it debuted in 1976 as a compact hatchback, though this style only lasted through 1989, as the line-up was expanded to include a sedan and wagon. By the Accord's sixth generation at the end of the 1980s, it evolved into an intermediate vehicle, with one basic platform but with different bodies and proportions to increase its competitiveness against its rivals in different international markets. For the eighth generation of the Accord released for the North America market in 2007, Honda had again chosen to move the model further up-scale and increase its size.
This pushed the Accord sedan from the upper limit of what the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency defines as a mid-size car to just above the lower limit of a full-size car, with the coupe still rated as a mid-size car. In 2012, the ninth-generation Accord sedan, with smaller exterior dimensions, was once again classified as a mid-size car at 119 cubic feet, falling just shy of the "Large Car" classification. However, the current 10th-generation Accord, with similar exterior dimensions, returned to full-size car status with its combined interior space of 123 cubic feet; the coupe has since been discontinued. After a period of developing idiosyncratic automobiles such as the Honda 1300 that met a lukewarm response in both Japan and North America, Honda considered pulling out of automobile manufacturing altogether by the early 1970s. However, Honda released a more conventional automobile in 1972 called the "Civic" which reversed their flagging fortunes due to its economy and low cost in an era of rising fuel prices.
The Civic utilized Honda's CVCC technology used in the Accord, to help Honda meet emission standards of the 1970s and early 1980s without the added expense of a catalytic converter. Buoyed by their success with the Civic, Honda turned their sights to developing a larger companion model. For the new model, Honda chose the name "Accord", reflecting "Honda's desire for accord and harmony between people and the automobile."Soichiro Honda was the owner of a 1969 Pontiac Firebird, to which the Accord's predecessor, the Honda 1300, bore a striking frontal resemblance. Initial planning done by Honda for what would become the Accord was for a sporty competitor in the pony car market, at the size of a contemporary Ford Mustang, powered by a six-cylinder engine. With the continuing fuel crisis and tighter emissions regulations surrounding the automotive market, Honda engineers changed their focus on the Accord as a Mustang competitor, built upon the Civic's successful formula of economy, fuel efficiency and a front-wheel drive layout in a larger package.
A December 1975 issue of Motor Trend Magazine had a drawing of a new Honda automobile, similar in shape to the Volkswagen Scirocco but powered with a CVCC engine used in the Civic. In reality, the design of the Accord was finalized in the fall of 1973 weeks prior to the debut of the Scirocco, which debuted in January 1974. In 1982, the Accord became the first car from a Japanese manufacturer to be produced in the United States when production commenced in Marysville, Ohio at Honda's Marysville Auto Plant; the Accord has achieved considerable success in the United States, where it was the best-selling Japanese car for sixteen years, topping its class in sales in 1991 and 2001, with around ten million vehicles sold. Numerous road tests and present, rate the Accord as one of the world's most reliable vehicles; the Accord has been on the Driver 10Best list a record 30 times. In 1989, the Accord was the first vehicle sold under an import brand to become the best-selling vehicle in the United States.
The first generation Honda Accord was launched on 7 May 1976 as a three-door hatchback with 68 hp, a 93.7-inch wheelbase, a weight of about 2,000 pounds. Japanese market cars claimed 80 PS JIS, while European and other export markets received a model without emissions control equipment, it was a platform expansion of the earlier Honda Civic at 4,125 mm long. To comply with enacted emission regulations enacted in Japan, the engine was fitted with Honda's CVCC technology; the Accord sold well due to great fuel economy. It was one of the first Japanese sedans with features like cloth seats, a tachometer, intermittent wipers, an AM/FM radio as standard equipment. In 1978 an LX version of the hatchback was added which came with air conditioning, a digital clock, power steering; until the Accord, the related Prelude, power steering had not been available to cars under two liters. Japanese buyers were liable for more annual road tax over the smaller Civic, which had a smaller engine. On 14 October 1977, a four-door sedan was added to the lineup, power went to 72 hp when the 1,599 cc EF1 engine was supplemented and in certain markets replaced by the 1,751 cc an EK-1 unit.
In 1980 the optional two-speed semi-automatic transmission of previous years became a three-speed automatic gearbox (a four-speed automatic transaxle was not used in the Accord un
Acura is the American luxury vehicle marque of Japanese automaker Honda. The brand was launched in the United States and Canada on 27 March 1986, marketing luxury and high-performance vehicles, it was introduced to Hong Kong in 1991, Mexico in 2004, China in 2006, Russia in 2014 and Kuwait in 2015, is sold in Ukraine. Honda's plan to introduce Acura to the Japanese domestic market in 2008 was delayed, due to economic reasons, withheld as a result of the 2008 financial crisis. Acura holds the distinction of being the first American-Japanese automotive luxury brand; the creation of Acura coincided with the introduction of a JDM Honda dealership sales channel, called Honda Clio, which sold luxury vehicles, joining established Honda Verno, followed by Honda Primo the following year. In its first few years of existence, Acura was among the best-selling luxury marques in the US. Though sales were down in the mid-to-late 1990s, the brand experienced a revival in the early 2000s, due to drastic redesigns and the introductions of new models.
In the late 1980s, the success of the company's first flagship vehicle, the Legend, inspired fellow Japanese automakers Toyota and Nissan to launch their own luxury brands and Infiniti, respectively. The 1990 launch of the NSX, a mid-engine exotic sports car, offered a reliable and practical alternative to exotic European sports cars, introduced Honda's VTEC variable valve timing system to the North American market; the 1993 Legend coupé featured Honda's first use of a six-speed manual transmission, mated to a Type II engine. In the late 1990s, Acura produced a Type R version of its compact Integra coupé, which featured a reduced curb weight, a stiffer and lower suspension, a high-output VTEC engine. In the early 2000s, Acura introduced new models, including the company's first all-original SUV, the MDX, two models which replaced the Integra coupé and sedan, the RSX and TSX, respectively. Type-S versions of the RSX, CL, TL were added to the brand's lineup during that decade. Acura's 2005 RL flagship introduced a torque-vectoring all-wheel drive system.
The 2007 RDX, a crossover SUV, featured the first North American use of a turbocharged Honda engine. In the 2010s, Acura debuted more new models, including the ILX, TLX, RLX, the latter of which introduced Acura's Jewel Eye LED headlights. A second generation NSX was launched in 2016 and features a twin-turbocharged mid-engine, a nine-speed dual-clutch transmission, Sport Hybrid SH-AWD; the brand was created around the same time as Japanese rivals Nissan and Toyota developed their Infiniti and Lexus premium brands respectively. The Japanese government imposed voluntary export restraints for the U. S. market, so it was more profitable for Japanese automakers to export more expensive cars to the U. S. Following a decade of research, Honda opened 60 new dealerships in North America by 1986, to support its Acura automobile division. Acura was the first Japanese luxury brand, introduced under the slogan, "Acura. Precision Crafted Automobiles." Its initial offering consisted of two models: the executive class Legend and the compact class Integra, available as a five-door and three-door hatchback.
The Legend was the result of Project XX, a joint venture Honda entered into with the UK's Austin Rover Group. It was mechanically related to the Rover 800 series, while the Integra was an improvement of the Honda Quint hatchback; the success of these models the Legend, led to competing Japanese luxury brand ventures. The goal of the Legend was to compete with rivals Toyota Crown and the Nissan Cedric and Gloria, but due to its 1986 introduction worldwide, Toyota and other companies like Lincoln took notice of the markets reaction to the Legend and the Vigor and offered vehicles that addressed the executive size car. Toyota introduced the Lexus ES, Nissan introduced the Infiniti J30 and Ford utilized the Taurus platform and named their new sedan the Lincoln Continental. In 1987, Acura's first full year of sales, they sold 109,000 cars with the flagship Legend sedan accounting for 55,000 sales and the rest were of the smaller Integra. By 1990, Acura was selling 138,000 vehicles, including 54,000 Legends, compared to Mercedes-Benz's 78,000 cars and 64,000 each for BMW and Lexus.
In 1990, five years after the debut of the Legend and Integra, Acura introduced the NSX, a midship V6 powered, rear-wheel-drive sports car. The NSX, an acronym for "New Sports eXperimental", was billed as the first Japanese car capable of competing with Ferrari and Porsche; this vehicle served as an "image car" for both the Honda and Acura brands, heralding the introduction of Honda's VTEC technology. The NSX was the world's first all-aluminum production car, was marketed and viewed by some as the "Everyday Supercar" thanks in part to its ease of use and reliability, traits that were unheard of in the supercar segment at the time. With the release of the NSX, Acura introduced the "A-badge", a stylized pair of calipers—a tool used for exacting measurements to imply that Acura vehicles are built to precise and demanding standards. Despite a strong start in market acceptance for the Acura brand, sales suffered in the mid-to-late 1990s; some critics attributed this decline in part to less inspiring designs, which were re-branded Japanese-spec Hondas, such as the Acura Vigor in 1992.
Additionally, during this time Acura switched to an alphanumeric nomenclature formula, dropping the Legend and Integra titles, following the lead of the NS
Honda Motor Company, Ltd. is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft and power equipment. Honda has been the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer since 1959, as well as the world's largest manufacturer of internal combustion engines measured by volume, producing more than 14 million internal combustion engines each year. Honda became the second-largest Japanese automobile manufacturer in 2001. Honda was the eighth largest automobile manufacturer in the world in 2015. Honda was the first Japanese automobile manufacturer to release a dedicated luxury brand, Acura, in 1986. Aside from their core automobile and motorcycle businesses, Honda manufactures garden equipment, marine engines, personal watercraft and power generators, other products. Since 1986, Honda has been involved with artificial intelligence/robotics research and released their ASIMO robot in 2000, they have ventured into aerospace with the establishment of GE Honda Aero Engines in 2004 and the Honda HA-420 HondaJet, which began production in 2012.
Honda has three joint-ventures in China. In 2013, Honda invested about 5.7 % of its revenues in development. In 2013, Honda became the first Japanese automaker to be a net exporter from the United States, exporting 108,705 Honda and Acura models, while importing only 88,357. Throughout his life, Honda's founder, Soichiro Honda, had an interest in automobiles, he worked as a mechanic at the Art Shokai garage, where he entered them in races. In 1937, with financing from his acquaintance Kato Shichirō, Honda founded Tōkai Seiki to make piston rings working out of the Art Shokai garage. After initial failures, Tōkai Seiki won a contract to supply piston rings to Toyota, but lost the contract due to the poor quality of their products. After attending engineering school without graduating, visiting factories around Japan to better understand Toyota's quality control processes, by 1941 Honda was able to mass-produce piston rings acceptable to Toyota, using an automated process that could employ unskilled wartime laborers.
Tōkai Seiki was placed under control of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry at the start of World War II, Soichiro Honda was demoted from president to senior managing director after Toyota took a 40% stake in the company. Honda aided the war effort by assisting other companies in automating the production of military aircraft propellers; the relationships Honda cultivated with personnel at Toyota, Nakajima Aircraft Company and the Imperial Japanese Navy would be instrumental in the postwar period. A US B-29 bomber attack destroyed Tōkai Seiki's Yamashita plant in 1944, the Itawa plant collapsed in 13 January 1945 Mikawa earthquake. Soichiro Honda sold the salvageable remains of the company to Toyota after the war for ¥450,000, used the proceeds to found the Honda Technical Research Institute in October 1946. With a staff of 12 men working in a 16 m2 shack, they built and sold improvised motorized bicycles, using a supply of 500 two-stroke 50 cc Tohatsu war surplus radio generator engines.
When the engines ran out, Honda began building their own copy of the Tohatsu engine, supplying these to customers to attach to their bicycles. This was the Honda A-Type, nicknamed the Bata Bata for the sound. In 1949, the Honda Technical Research Institute was liquidated for ¥1,000,000, or about US$5,000 today. At about the same time Honda hired engineer Kihachiro Kawashima, Takeo Fujisawa who provided indispensable business and marketing expertise to complement Soichiro Honda's technical bent; the close partnership between Soichiro Honda and Fujisawa lasted until they stepped down together in October 1973. The first complete motorcycle, with both the frame and engine made by Honda, was the 1949 D-Type, the first Honda to go by the name Dream. Honda Motor Company grew in a short time to become the world's largest manufacturer of motorcycles by 1964; the first production automobile from Honda was the T360 mini pick-up truck, which went on sale in August 1963. Powered by a small 356-cc straight-4 gasoline engine, it was classified under the cheaper Kei car tax bracket.
The first production car from Honda was the S500 sports car, which followed the T360 into production in October 1963. Its chain-driven rear wheels pointed to Honda's motorcycle origins. Over the next few decades, Honda worked to expand its product line and expanded operations and exports to numerous countries around the world. In 1986, Honda introduced the successful Acura brand to the American market in an attempt to gain ground in the luxury vehicle market; the year 1991 saw the introduction of the Honda NSX supercar, the first all-aluminum monocoque vehicle that incorporated a mid-engine V6 with variable-valve timing. CEO Tadashi Kume was succeeded by Nobuhiko Kawamoto in 1990. Kawamoto was selected over Shoichiro Irimajiri, who oversaw the successful establishment of Honda of America Manufacturing, Inc. in Marysville, Ohio. Irimajiri and Kawamoto shared a friendly rivalry within Honda. Following the death of Soichiro Honda and the departure of Irimajiri, Honda found itself being outpaced in product development by other Japanese automakers and was caught off-guard by the truck and sport utility vehicle boom of the 1990s, all which took a toll on the profitability of the company.
Japanese media reported in 1992 and 1993 that Honda was at serious risk of an unwanted and hostile takeov
Sections of this article are translated from Japanese Wikipedia. The Honda Legend is a V6-engined executive car produced by the Japanese automaker Honda since 1985 that serves as its flagship vehicle, provides the basis for the Acura Legend, RL and RLX — the flagship vehicle of Honda's luxury Acura division in North America; the first-generation Legend, introduced to Japan October 22, 1985, was the first production Honda vehicle to offer only a SOHC V6 engine worldwide. The introduction of the Legend coincided with the launch of a new dealership sales channel in Japan, called Honda Clio; the Legend was the result of a joint venture with Britain's Austin Rover Group called Project XX that started in November 1981 with the Austin Rover-Honda XX letter of intent signed by the two companies to replace the Rover SD1 and to provide a luxury vehicle for Honda, was codenamed as HX. The Rover Company had a long established reputation as a luxury car maker in the United Kingdom and Europe, demonstrated with the Rover P5 and Rover P6, Honda wanted to introduce a luxury car for the Japanese and North American markets.
Rover wanted to return to the American market when they had sold only 1,500 cars in 1971, a brief return in 1980, selling 800 Rover SD1s by offering the Sterling, a result of the ARG-Honda partnership. The development work was carried out at Rover's Canley, Coventry plant and Honda's Tochigi Prefecture development centre. Honda and British Leyland/Rover agreed that Legends would be built in Plant Oxford for the British market. However, few UK built Legends passed Honda's quality control standards, many ended up being used as in-plant transport. In the end, only 4,409 Legends were built in the UK, from 1986 until 1988. All US-market Legends were built in Japan. Honda wanted to expand its model range above the Honda Accord, offer a premium level sedan that would appeal to wealthy middle-aged customers who were the traditional buyers of the Toyota Crown, Mazda Luce, Nissan Cedric/Gloria. In 1981 Honda had introduced a luxury level version of the Accord, called the Honda Vigor, but realized that they needed to manufacture a larger, more exclusive sedan with similar dimensions to the Crown, Luce and Gloria.
When the Legend was introduced worldwide, the optional equipment list was minimal as identified equipment regarded as luxury in nature was included as standard equipment, leaving the only option the choice between a manual or automatic transmission. The major mechanical difference between the Legend and the Toyota and Nissan sedans was that the Legend was front wheel drive, which Honda stated was "quite the most logical means to the ends the engineers desired: a true luxury car with a low, aerodynamic hood; this provided the Legend with a front-end heavy 63/37 front to rear weight distribution ratio, similar to the NSU Ro 80. The ride was engineered to appeal towards the luxury car market and not towards the performance market, the front to rear weight distribution ratio reflected this goal. Efforts to minimize torque steer were achieved by the half shafts and the angles of the joints at the ends of those shafts being equalized, helping the Legend to accelerate in a straight line; the Japanese-spec Legend was offered with three trim levels.
The V6Gi had the same level of equipment and luxury features as the V6Xi, whereas the V6Zi had reduced content and a lower price. The V6 engines were available with electronic, multi-port sequential fuel injection Honda called Programmed Fuel Injection, or PGM-FI and a variable length intake manifold on the smaller 2.0 L V6. The larger 2.5 L engine was upgraded to the C27A 2.7 L displacement for model year 1988 and added the variable length intake manifold as a major engine improvement. The engine benefited from Honda's successes with its endeavors in Formula One racing in 1964, Honda's F1 racing car, the Honda RA271. Transmission selections were either a four speed automatic transaxle with a computer controlled lockup torque converter, or a five speed manual transaxle. In order for the sedan to comply with Japanese vehicle size requirements and reduced tax liability, the car with the 2.0 L V6 was shorter and narrower for Japanese buyers by reducing the extension of the front and rear bumper covers, reducing the overall width to 1,695 mm.
This offered an alternative to the traditional Crown and Cedric/Gloria customer base due to the sedan being in the smaller size classification and reduced tax liability but with a comparable level of luxury equipment found in the larger cars, the same amount of interior space due to the front wheel drive powertrain, with a wheelbase advantage of 30 mm over the Cedric / Gloria and Crown. To address the issue of durability, the Legend was manufactured as a pillared sedan instead of a four-door hardtop, a bodystyle still offered at the time by Toyota and Nissan on the Crown and Cedric/Gloria; the smaller bodystyle allowed the Legend to compete with the upscale Toyota Cresta and Chaser and the Nissan Laurel. The Legend offered many Honda "firsts", such as a driver side airbag, vehicle speed sensitive power assist rack and pinon steering, anti-lock brakes, seat belt pre-tensioners with Emergency Locking Retractors, a choice of 100% wool or cloth moquette upholstery, "TCS" Traction control, the first car to use traction control on a front wheel drive vehicle.
Attention was given to make sure the Legend was quiet, so Honda used
The Honda CR-V is a compact crossover SUV manufactured by Honda since 1995 and introduced in the North American market in 1997. It uses the Honda Civic platform with an SUV body design; the CR-V is Honda's mid-range utility vehicle, slotting between the smaller Honda HR-V and the larger Honda Pilot. Honda states "CR-V” stands for "Comfortable Runabout Vehicle" while the term "Compact Recreational Vehicle" is used in a British car review article, republished by Honda. Honda began producing the CR-V in Sayama and Swindon, UK, for worldwide markets, adding North American manufacturing sites in East Liberty, Ohio, in 2007; the CR-V is produced in Wuhan for the Chinese market by the Dongfeng Honda Automobile Company, a joint venture with Dongfeng Motor Corporation. The CR-V was Honda's first in-house designed sport utility vehicle by Hiroyuki Kawase; the CR-V was introduced in Japan at Honda Verno dealerships only and was regarded as a luxury vehicle in Japan due to the exterior width dimensions exceeding Japanese Government dimension regulations.
For North American market, it was displayed at the 1996 Chicago Auto Show and went on sale in February 1997. Upon introduction, the model had only one trim level, which would be known as the LX model trim. Outer dimensions for this engine would be identical to the Integra's 1.8 L engine, but internally the engine had a larger 84 mm bore to add the extra displacement needed to produce more torque. The engine used a one-piece cylinder sleeve construction unique from any other B-series engine; the chassis was a unibody design with a four-wheel double wishbone suspension. Inside, the rear seats were able to fold down, a picnic table was stowed in the rear floor area. All models featured plastic cladding covering the front bumper, rear bumper, fender wells. In most countries, CR-Vs had a chrome grille; the EX included anti-lock brakes and 15 inch alloy wheels over the LX trim. Drivetrain options were front-wheel drive or Honda's Real Time AWD; the engine was changed to the 2.0 L B20Z engine, producing 147 hp at 6200 rpm and 133 lb⋅ft of torque at 4500 rpm.
This improved performance for the 3,200 lb vehicle. Fuel economy of 23 mpg‑US city/28 mpg‑US highway and price were not affected by the increase in power, the result of a higher compression ratio, a new intake manifold, higher lift on the intake valves; the 1997–2001 model tested by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety was the LX model with standard driver and passenger airbags. Though the car's structure received an acceptable rating, the overall car received a marginal rating as the dummy's left leg would have been broken. In addition to this lower body injury, the dummy's head went through the airbag which may have caused a minor concussion; the chest was well protected. Models equipped with an automatic transmission now had an overdrive cancel button that allowed the driver to lock the transmission in the first three gears to provide power for passing and climbing grades; the pattern of the cloth on the seats was redesigned, the head restraints earned an acceptable rating from the IIHS for whiplash protection.
The 1999 European and Asian CR-V models featured more drastic changes. Exterior alterations included a new front bumper, smoothed off rear bumper, a smaller plastic radio antenna on the rear of the roof. "Nighthawk Black" was added to the list of paint choices. New dark blue pearl and red pearl shades replaced metallic blue hues. European models received an enlarged Honda emblem on the front grille, a new metallic yellow paint in certain markets. In 2000, a Special Edition model was introduced in North America; the SE featured body-colored bumpers and side moldings, a body-colored hard spare tire cover, leather upholstery, CD/cassette audio deck, rear privacy glass, a Navtech navigation system, chrome grille accent. Until 2001, the CR-V sold more than any other vehicle in its class; the North American models received new exterior colors including Naples Gold Metallic and Taffeta White. Electron Blue was introduced in 2000 to replace Submarine Blue Pearl, while Satin Silver Metallic replaced Sebring Silver Metallic in 2001.
However, that year, sales of the Ford Escape and its clone, the Mazda Tribute, surpassed those of the CR-V. The Australian higher specification model was called the "Sport", it was added at the time of the first facelift and included body-colored bumpers, door handles, hard rear spare wheel cover. It included alloy wheels, roof rails, a large glass sunroof; the CR-V became the country's best-selling SUV in 2000, outselling the Toyota Landcruiser for the first time. The second generation CR-V was a full redesign, based on the seventh generation Civic, powered by the K24A1 engine. South East Asian models produced 150 hp of power and 190 N⋅m while the North American versions of the new engine produced 160 hp and 190 N⋅m of torque. Per new SAE regulations, the same North American K24A1 engine is now rated at 156 hp and 160 lb⋅ft; the new CR-V retained the fuel economy of the previous model because of the i-VTEC system. The new chassis had increased torsional a
The Honda Brio is a city car a subcompact car produced by Honda and sold in the Philippines, South Africa and India. The car was introduced in 2011; the name Brio means verve in Italian. In Indonesia, Brio has an additional Indonesia-inspired name for the country's LCGC program; the name Satya is used, with added local distributor's name combined as "Honda Prospect Motor Brio Satya" as its official LCGC name. The Honda New Small Concept was first shown at the 2010 Thailand International Motor Show; the car was developed to be positioned in a class below the Fit/Jazz for emerging markets such as Thailand and India. The Brio is powered by either a four-cylinder, 1.2 L L12B i-VTEC gasoline engine delivering 88 PS or 1.3 L L13A i-VTEC delivering 100 PS for the Indonesian market until 2016. It is available with either a 5-speed manual, 5-speed automatic or a continuously variable transmission; the car is certified to deliver a combined mileage of 19.4 km/L and 16.5 km/L with manual and automatic transmission on the Indian cycle.
Safety equipment includes dual front airbags, anti-lock braking system, electronic brakeforce distribution and front pretensioner seat belts. The driver's side airbag feature multi-stage inflation; the front body is designed to absorb impact energy for better pedestrian protection. The cars's front wheels have disc brakes and the rear wheels have drum type brakes; the progressive braking prevents sudden jerks. In Thailand, the Brio was launched in March 2011. In India, the Brio is assembled for the South Asian market by the company's subsidiary, Honda Siel Cars India, at its production facilities in Greater Noida. Over 80% of its parts are sourced from Indian suppliers; the Rajasthan factory exports Brio parts to Thailand. The Brio in India is offered in VX and VX BL trims. Following depleting sales of Brio with only 2 units of Brio sold in January 2019, effective February 2019 Honda Cars India Limited has eliminated Brio from their product line in India. While Brio is discontinued, now Honda Amaze becomes the entry level offering from Honda Cars India Limited for Indian market.
In Indonesia, the Brio was launched on 2 August 2012, was built in and imported from Thailand. Honda has started the assembly of Brio in Indonesia since August 2013 to fulfill the local demand. Before the Indonesian LCGC program was launched, the Brio used a 1.3 L L13Z i-VTEC engine instead of 1.2 L L12B i-VTEC one. This engine was used until 2016. In September 2013, when the LCGC program had launched, the Brio was offered in 6 trims: Satya A, Satya S, Satya E, S, E, which were made locally and available with a 1.2-liter engine, Sports, imported from Thailand and available with a 1.3-liter engine. All Satya variants were only available with a manual transmission, while S and E were only available with an automatic transmission; the Sports trim was available in both manual and automatic transmissions, but discontinued in December 2013. The Satya E is available with CVT. In 2015, Honda Brio Satya was the third best selling LCGC; the Brio was launched in the Philippines at the Philippine International Motor Show in September 2014.
The Brio was launched in South Africa in December 2012. The Indonesian-spec Brio was facelifted on 7 April 2016 at the 24th Indonesia International Motor Show; this facelift includes a new front fascia, tail lamps, dashboard design, the use of continuous variable transmission, replacing the 5-speed automatic one, introduced the new trim line, RS, which replaced Sports as the top-level trim. The facelifted Brio was launched in Thailand in May 2016 and in India on 4 October 2016. Sales of the facelifted Brio in Indonesia began on 2 June 2016; as of April 2016, the Indonesian market Brio is available in three trim levels, which are all now powered by a 1.2-liter engine. The current trim levels consist of Satya S, Satya E, RS; the Satya S trim is only available with a manual transmission. The second generation Brio was unveiled on 2 August 2018 at the 26th Gaikindo Indonesia International Auto Show, it was previewed by the Small RS Concept, displayed at the 26th Indonesia International Motor Show in April 2018.
Unlike the second generation Amaze, the second generation Brio still uses the same platform as the first generation model. While retaining the front side doors from the first generation model, front bumper and dashboard from the facelifted model, the grille, rear side doors and taillamps were redesigned and the front headlamps were taken from the facelifted second generation Mobilio; the rear glass hatch is now replaced by a conventional liftgate. The export of the car from Indonesia commenced in March 2019. For the Indonesian market, the second generation Brio is available in the same trim levels as the facelifted first generation model; the prices of the second generation Brio were announced on 12 September 2018, starts from IDR 139 million to IDR 190 million. The first 200 units of the second generation Brio was delivered to customers in Jakarta on 13 October 2018. Sales of the second generation Brio began nationwide in the same month; the second generation Brio will be launched in the Philippines in April 2019, it is imported from Indonesia.
The second generation Brio RS was displayed as a prototype model in October 2018 at the Vietnam Motorshow. Sales in Vietnam will begin in April 2019; as with the Philip