Herrington Lake is a 2, 335-acre artificial lake located in Mercer and Boyle counties in Kentucky, United States. The lake was created by Kentucky Utilities damming of the Dix River, with a maximum depth of 249 feet, Herrington Lake is the deepest lake in Kentucky. A short distance below the dam, the Dix River enters the Kentucky River at High Bridge, Herrington Lake contains many species of fish, including bluegill, crappie, hybrid striped bass, largemouth bass, spotted bass, and white bass. Dix Dam, the dam made the lake, was the largest earth-filled dam in the world at the time. Kentucky Utilities main dispatch and communication center is located on the site
Mammoth Cave National Park
Mammoth Cave National Park is a U. S. national park in central Kentucky, encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world. Since the 1972 unification of Mammoth Cave with the system under Flint Ridge to the north. The park was established as a park on July 1,1941. It became a World Heritage Site on October 27,1981, the parks 52,830 acres are located primarily in Edmonson County, with small areas extending eastward into Hart County and Barren County. It is centered on the Green River, with a tributary, with 405 miles of surveyed passageways Mammoth Cave is by far the worlds longest known cave system, being over twice as long as the second-longest cave system, Mexicos Sac Actun underwater cave. Mammoth Cave developed in thick Mississippian-aged limestone strata capped by a layer of sandstone and it is known to include more than 390 miles of passageway, new discoveries and connections add several miles to this figure each year. Mammoth Cave National Park was established to preserve the cave system, the epikarstic zone concentrates local flows of runoff into high-elevation springs which emerge at the edges of ridges.
It is in underlying massive limestone layers that the human-explorable caves of the region have naturally developed. The limestone layers of the column beneath the Big Clifty, in increasing order of depth below the ridgetops, are the Girkin Formation. Genevieve Limestone, and the St. Louis Limestone, for example, the large Main Cave passage seen on the Historic Tour is located at the bottom of the Girkin and the top of the Ste. Each of the layers of limestone is divided further into named geological units and subunits. One area of research involves correlating the stratigraphy with the cave survey produced by explorers. This makes it possible to produce approximate three-dimensional maps of the contours of the layer boundaries without the necessity for test wells. The upper sandstone caprock is relatively hard for water to penetrate, the sandstone caprock layer has been dissolved and eroded at many locations within the park, such as the Frozen Niagara room. At one valley bottom in the region of the park.
Known as Cedar Sink, the features a small river entering one side. Mammoth Cave is home to the endangered Kentucky cave shrimp, a sightless albino shrimp, the National Park Service offers several cave tours to visitors. Some notable features of the cave, such as Grand Avenue, Frozen Niagara, two tours, lit only by visitor-carried paraffin lamps, are popular alternatives to the electric-lit routes
Barren River Lake
Barren River Lake is a 10,100 acres, reservoir in Kentucky created by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1964 by impounding the Barren River. The lake occupies parts of Allen and Monroe counties, the Barren River Lake Dam is an earthen dam,146 feet high and 3970 feet long at its crest. The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers is responsible for operation and maintenance of the project, and responsible for protection of the resource. A small segment of the property owned by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers is leased to Barren River Lake State Resort Park, the lake has three large islands. In the widest part of the lake, there are two islands, each about one square mile in size. And another smaller island near the boat ramp and camp-site. There is another, which is partly connected to the surrounding land. U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Barren River Lake State Resort Park Barren River Lake, Louisville District, U. S. Army Corps of Engineers
Rough River Lake
Rough River Lake is a 5, 100-acre reservoir in Breckinridge and Hardin counties in Kentucky. It was impounded from the Rough River in 1959 by the United States Army Corps of Engineers, Rough River Lake Dam is a 132-foot-high earthen dam impounding a maximum capacity of 334,400 acre-feet. It is the attraction of Rough River Dam State Resort Park. Rough River Dam State Resort Park Rough River Lake, Louisville District, U. S. Army Corps of Engineers
In hydrology, the inflow of a body of water is the source of the water in the body of water. It can refer to the volume of incoming water in unit time. All bodies of water have multiple inflows, but often, one inflow may predominate, however, in many cases, no single inflow will predominate and there will be multiple primary inflows. For a lake, the inflow may be a river or stream that flows into the lake. Inflow may be, strictly speaking, not flows, but rather precipitation, inflow can be used to refer to groundwater recharge. The dictionary definition of inflow at Wiktionary
Grayson Lake is a 1, 500-acre reservoir in Carter and Elliott counties in Kentucky. Sections of Kentucky Route 7 were re-routed as a result of the lakes creation, KY7 now traverses a modern highway stretch around the park, crossing the dam also. The lake is the attraction of Grayson Lake State Park. Grayson Lake State Park Grayson Lake facilities map
Shanty Hollow Lake
Shanty Hollow Lake is a 135-acre reservoir mostly in Warren County, but extending into Edmonson County. The lake is located approximately 17 miles north of Bowling Green and is used for fishing, fish which may be taken from the lake include largemouth bass, redear sunfish, black crappie, white crappie, channel catfish, and common carp. Shanty Hollow Lake is a lake, created by the damming of Clay Lick Creek. Warmouth or Walleye have not been seen in this lake for years and it is a lake fed by both stream and spring. Shanty Hollow has a unique geology, underlying shale and subsequent limestone. It is popular with the population for rock climbing and rappelling. It has a waterfall and a spring, most of the land surrounding the lake is privately owned. There are many fossil molds and impressions of wood and bark structures in the sandstone facies, the lake has a boat ramp and parking area that are in general to major disrepair. Trash and stray or drop off animals are a problem due to the rural location of the lake.
Vandalism is highly present in the parking area, multiple climbing routes are located along this trail with numerous rock shelters and boulders to climb. Past numerous dripping springs lies a 150 feet waterfall and this area is used as a free fall rappel area and has a picnic area. Across the creek are more sandstone bluffs and rock shelters that contain delicate wind formed structures in the known as honeycomb formations. Shany Hollow lake is considered one of the top ten most unusual and beautiful places in South Central Kentucky
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Kentucky is one of four U. S. states constituted as a commonwealth, originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States, Kentucky is known as the Bluegrass State, a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky. In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, the precise etymology of the name is uncertain, but likely based on an Iroquoian name meaning the meadow or the prairie. Kentucky is situated in the Upland South, a significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Midwest and the Southeast, West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west and Indiana to the northwest, and Ohio to the north and northeast.
Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more, Kentuckys northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. The official state borders are based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792, for instance, northbound travelers on U. S.41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the land border between Indiana and Kentucky. Kentucky has a part known as Kentucky Bend, at the far west corner of the state. It exists as an exclave surrounded completely by Missouri and Tennessee, Road access to this small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River requires a trip through Tennessee. The epicenter of the powerful 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes was near this area, much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short and very narrow hills.
The Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps, located within the southeastern interior portion of North America, Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate. Temperatures in Kentucky usually range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F to the low of 23 °F. The average precipitation is 46 inches a year, Kentucky experiences four distinct seasons, with substantial variations in the severity of summer and winter. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F at Greensburg on July 28,1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F at Shelbyville on January 19,1994, due to its location, Kentucky has a moderate humid subtropical climate, with abundant rainfall
Body of water
A body of water or waterbody is any significant accumulation of water, generally on a planets surface. The term most often refers to oceans and lakes, a body of water does not have to be still or contained, streams and other geographical features where water moves from one place to another are considered bodies of water. Most are naturally occurring geographical features, but some are artificial, there are types that can be either. For example, most reservoirs are created by engineering dams, most harbors are naturally occurring bays, but some harbors have been created through construction. Bodies of water that are navigable are known as waterways, some bodies of water collect and move water, such as rivers and streams, and others primarily hold water, such as lakes and oceans. The term body of water can refer to a reservoir of water held by a plant, note that there are some geographical features involving water that are not bodies of water, for example waterfalls and rapids. Arm of the sea - sea arm, used to describe a sea loch, arroyo - a usually dry creek bed or gulch that temporarily fills with water after a heavy rain, or seasonally.
Artificial lake or artificial pond - see reservoir or impoundment, barachois - a lagoon separated from the ocean by a sand bar. Bay - an area of water bordered by land on three sides, similar to, but smaller than a gulf, bayou - a slow-moving stream or a marshy lake. Bight - a large and often only slightly receding bay, or a bend in any geographical feature, billabong - see Oxbow lake, a pond or still body of water created when a river changes course and some water becomes trapped. Boil - see Seep Brook - a small stream, canal - an artificial waterway, usually connected to existing lakes, rivers, or oceans. Channel - the physical confine of a river, slough or ocean consisting of a bed. See stream bed and strait, earth scientists generally use the term to describe a circular or round inlet with a narrow entrance, though colloquially the term is sometimes used to describe any sheltered bay. Basin - a region of land where water from rain or snowmelt drains downhill into another body of water, such as a river, creek - an inlet of the sea, narrower than a cove.
Delta - the location where a river flows into an ocean, estuary, distributary or distributary channel - a stream that branches off and flows away from a main stream channel. Draw - a usually dry creek bed or gulch that temporarily fills with water after a heavy rain, fjord - a submergent landform which has occurred due to glacial activity. Glacier - a large collection of ice or a river that moves slowly down a mountain. Glacial Pothole - see Kettle Gulf - a part of a lake or ocean that extends so that it is surrounded by land on three sides, similar to, but larger than a bay, headland - an area of water bordered by land on three sides
Dale Hollow Reservoir
The Dale Hollow Reservoir is a reservoir situated on the Kentucky/Tennessee border. The lake is formed by the damming of the Obey River,7.3 miles above its juncture with the Cumberland River at river mile 380, portions of the lake cover the Wolf River. Dale Hollow is one of four flood control reservoirs for the Cumberland, the others being J. Percy Priest Dam, Wolf Creek Dam. It is the site of Dale Hollow Lake State Park on the north side, Dale Hollow Reservoir lies mainly in northern Tennessee, where it covers portions of Clay and Overton Counties. Small arms of the lake extend northward into the Kentucky counties of Cumberland, the project consists of 27,700 acres of water and 24,842 acres of surrounding land. Dale Hollow Dam and Lake was authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1938, the project was completed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in 1943, making the lake the oldest artificial lake in Kentucky. Hydroelectric power generating units were added in 1948,1949 and 1953, the project was designed by the Corps of Engineers and built under their supervision by private contractors.
The hydroelectric generators of Dale Hollow Dam are used to power to the surrounding countryside. The dam and reservoir are currently operated by the Nashville District of the Corps, the lake is used recreationally. Water sports are popular, especially water skiing. Wakeboarding and tubing are two water sports that can be seen regularly. The main recreational use is fishing, Dale Hollow is well known as a prime location for smallmouth bass fishing, currently holding the world record for the largest such fish ever taken. It is the lake that is linked with the name Billy Westmorland, famed smallmouth angler of Celina, Tennessee. The lake and surrounding rivers, the Cumberland River and the Obey River contain species such as largemouth bass, muskellunge, catfish, gar. The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency and Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife each maintain jurisdiction over the waters within their respective states. There is a fishing agreement between the agencies, so recreational fisherman may be licensed by either state in order to fish in the reciprocal zone.
Fishermen in areas of the lake outside the zone must be licensed by the governing agency, Geiger Island is an island in Dale Hollow Lake. It is designated as a camping site by the Army Corps of Engineers
Lake Cumberland is a reservoir in Clinton, Laurel, McCreary, Pulaski and Wayne counties in Kentucky. The primary reasons for its construction were a means for flood control and its shoreline measures 1,255 miles and the lake covers 65,530 acres at the maximum power pool elevation. The reservoir ranks 9th in the U. S. in size, with a capacity of 6,100,000 acre feet of water, the main lake is 101 miles long and over one mile across at its widest point. The lake has become a source of tourism and an economic engine for south-central Kentucky. As of 4-18-2015 the lake is back to summer pool. Lake Cumberland was impounded from the Cumberland River by the United States Army Corps of Engineers construction of the Wolf Creek Dam in 1952 and it is estimated that the dam has prevented more than $500 million in flood damage since its construction. In 1967 a leak was found at the Wolf Creek Dam, repairs were made in the late seventies at a cost of over $96 million. On January 22,2007, the United States Army Corps of Engineers began lowering the level in Lake Cumberland.
Water seepage had eroded the limestone under the dam, creating the potential for a breach, by September 2011 Lake Cumberland was approximately 43 feet below its normal level. The drop in water level had a impact on the areas tourism industry as marinas. Since spring of 2014 Lake Cumberland water levels returned to normal operation, Wolf Creek Dams six turbines are capable of supplying the needs of an average city via 270 megawatts of electricity. The power generating capacity is considered dead when the water level is below 673 feet. In 1999, approximately 4.75 million visitors added more than $152.4 million to the local economy. Of the 383 lakes controlled or maintained by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, over 1,500 houseboats float on Lake Cumberland and numerous power boats play in its waters. Lake Cumberland is home to two Kentucky state parks, Lake Cumberland State Resort Park on its shore and General Burnside State Park on an island in the middle of the lake, the tree line is about 725 feet.
The maximum pool is 760 feet at the top of dam floodgates The top of Wolf Creek Dam is 773 feet, Lake is considered at flood control level from 723 to 760 feet. Normal power drawdown is between 723 and 673 feet, at 760 feet elevation, the shoreline of Lake Cumberland is 1,255 miles. At maximum possible elevation of 760 feet, Lake Cumberland is considered to be 101 miles long, surface area at 723 feet is 50,250 acres