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Non-metropolitan district

Non-metropolitan districts, or colloquially "shire districts", are a type of local government district in England. As created, they are sub-divisions of non-metropolitan counties in a two-tier arrangement. Non-metropolitan districts are subdivisions of English non-metropolitan counties which have a two-tier structure of local government. Most non-metropolitan counties have a county council, have several districts, each with a borough or district council. In these cases local government functions are divided between county and district councils, to the level where they can be practised most efficiently: Borough/district councils are responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health and fairs, refuse collection and recycling and crematoria, leisure services and tourism. County councils are responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, main roads, public transport, fire services, Trading Standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

Many districts have borough status, which means the local council is called a borough council instead of district council and gives them the right to appoint a mayor. Borough status is granted by royal charter and, in many cases, continues a style enjoyed by a predecessor authority, which can date back centuries; some districts such as Oxford or Exeter have city status, granted by letters patent, but this does not give the local council any extra powers other than the right to call itself a city council. Not all city or borough councils are non-metropolitan districts, many being unitary authorities – districts which are ceremonially part of a non-metropolitan county, but not run by the county council – or metropolitan districts – which were subdivisions of the metropolitan counties created in 1974, but whose county councils were abolished in 1986 and are unitary authorities and have the same powers. By 1899, England had been divided at district level into rural districts, urban districts, municipal boroughs, county boroughs and metropolitan boroughs.

This system was abolished by the London Government Act 1963 and the Local Government Act 1972. Non-metropolitan districts were created by this act in 1974 when England outside Greater London was divided into metropolitan counties and non-metropolitan counties. Metropolitan counties were sub-divided into metropolitan districts and the non-metropolitan counties were sub-divided into non-metropolitan districts; the metropolitan districts had more powers than their non-metropolitan counterparts. There were 296 non-metropolitan districts in the two-tier structure, but reforms in the 1990s and 2009 reduced their number to 192. A further 55 non-metropolitan districts are now unitary authorities, which combine the functions of county and borough/district councils. In Wales, an identical two-tier system of local government existed between 1974 and 1996. In 1996, this was abolished and replaced with an unitary system of local government, with one level of local government responsible for all local services.

Since the areas for Wales and England had been enacted separately and there were no Welsh metropolitan areas, the term'non-metropolitan district' does not apply to Wales. A similar system existed in Scotland, which in 1975 was divided into regions and districts, this was abolished in 1996 and replaced with a unitary system. In England 200 out of the 201 non-metropolitan district councils are represented by the District Councils' Network, special interest group which sits within the Local Government Association; the network's purpose is to "act as an informed and representative advocate for districts to government and other national bodies, based on their unique position to deliver for ‘local’ people.” This is a list of their districts. Some non-metropolitan districts are coterminous with non-metropolitan counties, making them unitary authorities; these are excluded from this list. For a full list of districts of all types including unitary authorities, metropolitan districts and London boroughs, see Districts of England.

This is a list of former two-tier districts in England which have been abolished, by local government reorganisations such as the 2009 structural changes to local government in England. It does not include districts that still exist after becoming a unitary authority or those that transferred from one county to another, including those that changed name. List of articles about local government in the United Kingdom District Councils' Network 2019 structural changes to local government in England Map of the UK counties and unitary administrations Map of all UK local authorities

Banchory Academy

Banchory Academy is a secondary school serving Banchory and surroundings, including the neighbouring communities of Raemoir, Strachan, Durris and Glassel. The current school roll is around 800 pupils; the rector is Judith Wight, assisted by depute rectors Moira Paterson, Michelle Skellern and Gill Bruce Banchory Academy ranks amongst the top state schools in Scotland, performing well in SQA examinations. As of 2018, Banchory Academy was the highest performing state school in Aberdeenshire. A above average proportion of pupils remain at school for fifth and sixth year to take National 5, Higher and Advanced Higher courses; the HM Inspectors of Education report in 2006 judged school accommodation as being'weak', noting that it was insufficient for the rising school roll. All other school quality indicators were rated'good','very good' or'excellent'. In 2008 turf lawn was laid in the sixth year common room. In 2014, Banchory Academy was involved in a legal battle with a previous S6 student for remarks made on the social networking site, Twitter.

It is believed. The student was removed from the school with immediate affect and the legal case was dropped; the identity of the student were the comments posted onto the site. The legal case was dropped soon after and no further action was taken. Matt Prodger, Journalist Andrew Considine, Professional footballer, Aberdeen Football Club Peter Pawlett, Professional footballer, Aberdeen Football Club, Scotland Youth Pete Cashmore, new media expert, founder of Mashable Stuart Donaldson, Former SNP Member of Parliament for West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine Ben Kilner, Professional Snowboarder Roger Watson and Editor Official website

List of Polish gminas (L)

This is a list of all 2,478 gminas of Poland. For more information about what these are and how they are named, see the article on gminas. Note that some gminas in different parts of the country have identical names; the following information is provided for each gmina in the list: type. Polish official population figures 2006 Gmina Łabiszyn Gmina Łabowa Gmina Łabunie Gmina Łąck Gmina Łącko Gmina Łączna Gmina Lądek Gmina Lądek-Zdrój Gmina Ładzice Gmina Łagiewniki Gmina Łagów Gmina Łagów Gmina Łambinowice Gmina Lanckorona Łańcut Gmina Łańcut Gmina Łanięta Gmina Łapanów Gmina Łapsze Niżne Gmina Łapy Gmina Łasin Gmina Łask Łaskarzew Gmina Łaskarzew Gmina Laskowa Gmina Lasowice Wielkie Gmina Łaszczów Gmina Laszki Gmina Latowicz Gmina Łaziska Łaziska Górne Gmina Łazy Łeba Lębork Gmina Łęczna Łęczyca Gmina Łęczyca Gmina Łęczyce Lędziny Legionowo Legnica Gmina Legnickie Pole Gmina Łęka Opatowska Gmina Łękawica Gmina Łęki Szlacheckie Łęknica Gmina Lelis Gmina Lelkowo Gmina Lelów Gmina Leoncin Gmina Lesko Gmina Leśna Gmina Leśna Podlaska Gmina Leśnica Gmina Leśniowice Leszno Gmina Leszno Gmina Lesznowola Gmina Lewin Brzeski Gmina Lewin Kłodzki Leżajsk Gmina Leżajsk Gmina Lgota Wielka Gmina Libiąż (urban-rural, Chrzanów County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship