Non-metropolitan district

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Non-metropolitan district
Also known as:
Shire district
English non-metropolitan districts 2009.svg
Category Local authority districts
Location England
Found in Non-metropolitan county
Created by Local Government Act 1972
Created 1 April 1974
Number 256 (as of 2009)
Possible types Two-tier (201)
Unitary authority (55)
Possible status City
Royal borough
Borough

Non-metropolitan districts, or colloquially "shire districts", are a type of local government district in England. As created, they are sub-divisions of non-metropolitan counties (colloquially shire counties) in a two-tier arrangement; in the 1990s, several non-metropolitan counties were created that are unitary authorities and also have non-metropolitan district status. A third category is the districts of Berkshire, which are non-metropolitan districts that are unitary authorities, but without non-metropolitan county status.

Non-metropolitan districts[edit]

Non-metropolitan districts are subdivisions of English non-metropolitan counties which have a two-tier structure of local government.[1] Most non-metropolitan counties have a county council, and also have several districts, each with a borough or district council; in these cases local government functions are divided between county and district councils, to the level where they can be practised most efficiently:

Service Non-metropolitan county Non-metropolitan district Unitary authority
Education YesY YesY
Housing YesY YesY
Planning applications YesY YesY
Strategic planning YesY YesY
Transport planning YesY YesY
Passenger transport YesY YesY
Highways YesY YesY
Fire YesY YesY
Social services YesY YesY
Libraries YesY YesY
Leisure and recreation YesY YesY
Waste collection YesY YesY
Waste disposal YesY YesY
Environmental health YesY YesY
Revenue collection YesY YesY

Status[edit]

Many districts have borough status, which means the local council is called a Borough Council instead of District Council and gives them the right to appoint a Mayor. Borough status is granted by royal charter and, in many cases, continues a style enjoyed by a predecessor authority, which can date back centuries, some districts such as Oxford or Exeter have city status, granted by letters patent, but this does not give the local council any extra powers other than the right to call itself a City Council. Not all city or borough councils are non-metropolitan districts, many being Unitary Authorities – districts which are ceremonially part of a non-metropolitan county, but not run by the county council – or metropolitan districts – which were subdivisions of the Metropolitan Counties created in 1974, but whose county councils were abolished in the 1980s and are effectively unitary authorities and have the same powers.

History[edit]

By 1899, England had been divided at district level into rural districts, urban districts, municipal boroughs, county boroughs and metropolitan boroughs. This system was abolished by the London Government Act 1963 and the Local Government Act 1972. Non-metropolitan districts were created by this act in 1974 when England outside Greater London was divided into metropolitan counties and non-metropolitan counties. Metropolitan counties were sub-divided into metropolitan districts and the non-metropolitan counties were sub-divided into non-metropolitan districts, the metropolitan districts had more powers than their non-metropolitan counterparts. Initially, there were 296 non-metropolitan districts in the two-tier structure, but reforms in the 1990s and 2009 reduced their number to 201. A further 55 non-metropolitan districts are now unitary authorities, which combine the functions of county and borough/district councils.

Scotland and Wales[edit]

In Wales, an almost identical two-tier system of local government existed between 1974 and 1996 (see Districts of Wales); in 1996, this was abolished and replaced with an entirely unitary system of local government, with one level of local government responsible for all local services. Since the areas for Wales and England had been enacted separately and there were no Welsh metropolitan areas, the term 'non-metropolitan district' does not apply to Wales. A similar system existed in Scotland, which in 1975 was divided into regions and districts, this was also abolished in 1996 and replaced with a fully unitary system.

District Councils' Network[edit]

In England 200 out of the 201 non-metropolitan district councils are represented by the District Councils' Network,[2] special interest group which sits within the Local Government Association.[3] The network's purpose is to "act as an informed and representative advocate for districts to government and other national bodies, based on their unique position to deliver for ‘local’ people.”

List of counties and districts[edit]

This is a list of non-metropolitan counties and their districts, some non-metropolitan districts are coterminous with non-metropolitan counties, making them unitary authorities (for example Herefordshire, the Isle of Wight, and Rutland). These are excluded from this list as is Berkshire which has no county council.

For a full list of districts of all types including unitary authorities, metropolitan districts and London boroughs, see Districts of England.

Non-metropolitan county Non-metropolitan districts (excluding unitary authorities) Number
Buckinghamshire South BucksChilternWycombeAylesbury Vale 4
Cambridgeshire CambridgeSouth CambridgeshireHuntingdonshireFenlandEast Cambridgeshire 5
Cumbria Barrow-in-FurnessSouth LakelandCopelandAllerdaleEdenCarlisle 6
Derbyshire High PeakDerbyshire DalesSouth DerbyshireErewashAmber ValleyNorth East DerbyshireChesterfieldBolsover 8
Devon ExeterEast DevonMid DevonNorth DevonTorridgeWest DevonSouth HamsTeignbridge 8
Dorset Weymouth and PortlandWest DorsetNorth DorsetPurbeckEast DorsetChristchurch 6
East Sussex HastingsRotherWealdenEastbourneLewes 5
Essex HarlowEpping ForestBrentwoodBasildonCastle PointRochfordMaldonChelmsfordUttlesfordBraintreeColchesterTendring 12
Gloucestershire GloucesterTewkesburyCheltenhamCotswoldStroudForest of Dean 6
Hampshire GosportFarehamWinchesterHavantEast HampshireHartRushmoorBasingstoke and DeaneTest ValleyEastleighNew Forest 11
Hertfordshire Three RiversWatfordHertsmereWelwyn HatfieldBroxbourneEast HertfordshireStevenageNorth HertfordshireSt AlbansDacorum 10
Kent DartfordGraveshamSevenoaksTonbridge and MallingTunbridge WellsMaidstoneSwaleAshfordFolkestone & HytheCanterburyDoverThanet 12
Lancashire West LancashireChorleySouth RibbleFyldePrestonWyreLancasterRibble ValleyPendleBurnleyRossendaleHyndburn 12
Leicestershire CharnwoodMeltonHarboroughOadby and WigstonBlabyHinckley and BosworthNorth West Leicestershire 7
Lincolnshire LincolnNorth KestevenSouth KestevenSouth HollandBostonEast LindseyWest Lindsey 7
Norfolk NorwichSouth NorfolkGreat YarmouthBroadlandNorth NorfolkKing's Lynn and West NorfolkBreckland 7
Northamptonshire South NorthamptonshireNorthamptonDaventryWellingboroughKetteringCorbyEast Northamptonshire 7
North Yorkshire SelbyHarrogateCravenRichmondshireHambletonRyedaleScarborough 7
Nottinghamshire RushcliffeBroxtoweAshfieldGedlingNewark and SherwoodMansfieldBassetlaw 7
Oxfordshire OxfordCherwellSouth OxfordshireVale of White HorseWest Oxfordshire 5
Somerset South SomersetTaunton DeaneWest SomersetSedgemoorMendip 5
Staffordshire TamworthLichfieldCannock ChaseSouth StaffordshireStaffordNewcastle-under-LymeStaffordshire MoorlandsEast Staffordshire 8
Suffolk IpswichSuffolk CoastalWaveneyMid SuffolkBaberghSt EdmundsburyForest Heath 7
Surrey SpelthorneRunnymedeSurrey HeathWokingElmbridgeGuildfordWaverleyMole ValleyEpsom and EwellReigate and BansteadTandridge 11
Warwickshire North WarwickshireNuneaton and BedworthRugbyStratford-on-AvonWarwick 5
West Sussex WorthingArunChichesterHorshamCrawleyMid SussexAdur 7
Worcestershire WorcesterMalvern HillsWyre ForestBromsgroveRedditchWychavon 6
Total 201

List of abolished non-metropolitan districts[edit]

This is a list of former two-tier districts in England which have been abolished, by local government reorganisations such as the 2009 structural changes to local government in England. It does not include districts that still exist after becoming a unitary authority or those that transferred from one county to another, including those that changed name.

Non-metropolitan county (at time of abolition) Abolished non-metropolitan districts Number
Avon BathKingswoodNorthavonWansdyke 4
Bedfordshire Mid BedfordshireSouth Bedfordshire 2
Cheshire ChesterCongletonCrewe and NantwichEllesmere Port and NestonMacclesfieldVale Royal 6
Cornwall CaradonCarrickKerrierNorth CornwallPenwithRestormel 6
Durham DurhamEasingtonSedgefieldChester-le-StreetDerwentsideWear ValleyTeesdale 7
East Sussex BrightonHove 2
Hereford and Worcester HerefordLeominsterSouth Herefordshire 3
Humberside BeverleyBoothferryCleethorpesEast YorkshireGlanfordGreat GrimsbyHoldernessScunthorpe 8
Isle of Wight MedinaSouth Wight 2
Kent GillinghamRochester-upon-Medway 2
Northumberland Blyth ValleyWansbeckCastle MorpethTynedaleAlnwickBerwick-upon-Tweed 6
Shropshire BridgnorthNorth ShropshireOswestryShrewsbury and AtchamSouth Shropshire 5
Wiltshire KennetNorth WiltshireSalisburyWest Wiltshire 4
Total 57

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Statistics – Counties, Non-metropolitan Districts and Unitary Authorities Archived 9 May 2002 at the UK Government Web Archive
  2. ^ "Members | District Councils' Network". Districtcouncils.info. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Special interest groups | Local Government Association". Government of the United Kingdom. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 

External links[edit]