Bangkok railway station
Bangkok railway station, unofficially known as Hua Lamphong station, is the main railway station in Bangkok, Thailand. It is in the center of the city in the Pathum Wan District, is operated by the State Railway of Thailand; the station is referred to by the State Railway of Thailand as Sathani Rotfai Krung Thep in Thai and Bangkok Station in English. Hua Lamphong is the informal name of the station, used by both foreign locals; the station is named as Hua Lamphong in travel guide books and in the public press. In other areas of Thailand the station is referred to as Krungthep Station, the name Hua Lamphong is not well-known. In all documents published by the State Railway of Thailand the station is uniformly transcribed as Krungthep in Thai; the word Hua Lamphong no one knows. But has an explanation that comes from the word Wua Lamphong which has no meaning. Or explain that from the word Lamphong, a plant that has toxic effects, but some academics believe should have originated from Malay as well as many other places in Bangkok such as Bang Phlat, Bang Kho Laem, Bukkhalo, Khlong Lambak, Chorakhe Bua etc.
By explaining that it is derived from the mixed word between Khua in Thai, means bridge and the word Lamphung in Malay meaning temporary, Loi Khua Lumphung is a temporary bridge became Hua Lamphong according to the pronunciation of Thais. The station was opened on 25 June 1916 after six years of construction; the site of the railway station was occupied by the national railway's maintenance centre, which moved to Makkasan in June 1910. At the nearby site of the previous railway station a pillar commemorates the inauguration of the Thai railway network in 1897; the station was built in an Italian Neo-Renaissance-style, with decorated wooden roofs and stained glass windows, with the Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof in Germany as a prototype. The architecture is attributed to Turin-born Mario Tamagno, who with countryman Annibale Rigotti was responsible for the design of several other early 20th century public buildings in Bangkok; the pair designed Bang Khun Phrom Palace, Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall in the Royal Plaza and Suan Kularb Residential Hall and Throne Hall in Dusit Garden, among other buildings.
There are 14 platforms, 26 ticket booths, two electric display boards. Hua Lamphong serves over 130 trains and 60,000 passengers each day. Since 2004 the station has been connected by an underground passage to the MRT subway system's Hua Lamphong MRT Station; the station is a terminus of the Eastern and Oriental Express luxury trains, the International Express to Malaysia. The station is scheduled to be closed in 2021; the State Railway of Thailand plans to move Bangkok's central station to Bang Sue Central Station. Hua Lamphong MRT Station รายงานกองบัญชาการครั้งที่ 20 กล่าวด้วยการเดินรถไฟหลวงทางขนาดใหญ่ในกรุงสยามประจำพระพุทธศักราช 2459, กรมรถไฟหลวง, โรงพิมพ์กรมรถไฟ, 2460 งานฉลอง 50ปี กรมรถไฟหลวง, กรมรถไฟหลวง, โรงพิมพ์กรมรถไฟ, 2490
Lopburi railway station
Lopburi railway station is a railway station in the centre of Lopburi, Thailand. It is about 132 km from Bangkok Station. Lopburi Station starts the single track. There are two large monkey sculptures that signify you are in Lopburi as the monkey is the symbol of Lopburi. 37 trains serve Lopburi Station. The services are the following: Express 51/52: Bangkok – Chiang Mai – Bangkok Local 401/403: Lopburi – Phitsanulok – Lopburi Commuter 303/304: Bangkok – Lopburi – Bangkok Local 409: Ayutthaya – Lopburi Rapid 111/112: Bangkok – Den Chai – Bangkok Special Express 9: Bangkok – Chiang Mai Ordinary 201/202: Bangkok – Phitsanulok – Bangkok Special Express 3/4: Bangkok – Sawankhalok/Sila At – Bangkok Ordinary 209/210: Bangkok – Ban Takhli – Bangkok Rapid 109: Bangkok – Chiang Mai Ordinary 211/212: Bangkok – Taphan Hin – Bangkok Ordinary 207/208: Bangkok – Nakhon Sawan – Bangkok Commuter 315/316: Bangkok – Lopburi – Bangkok Commuter 301/302: Bangkok – Lopburi – Bangkok Commuter 317/318: Bangkok – Lopburi – Bangkok Special Express Nakhonphing 1/2: Bangkok – Chiang Mai – Bangkok Special Express 13/14: Bangkok – Chiang Mai – Bangkok Rapid 105/106: Bangkok – Sila At – Bangkok Rapid 107/108: Bangkok – Den Chai – Bangkok Rapid 102: Chiang Mai – Bangkok Special Express 12: Chiang Mai – Bangkok "Rotfaithai.
Com". Retrieved 24 August 2013
Yommarat Railway Halt
Yommarat Halt is a railway halt in Bangkok. It is owned by the State Railway of Thailand and serves the Northern and Southern Line, it is on Sawankhalok Road in Thung Phaya Thai, Ratchathewi District, Bangkok, to the north of Yommarat level-crossing. The trains that stop at this station are only some ordinary services. Not far from the halt is Uruphong Halt, a separate halt for the Eastern Line. Yommarat was refurbished since 2017 and was used as an access point for railway passengers to the Royal Crematorium during the death and funeral of King Bhumibol Adulyadej, it will be relocated a bit further north to service the SRT Red Line Project and handle trains coming from Phaya Thai. "สำนักงานนโยบายและแผนการขนส่งและจราจร". "การรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทย"
Phetchaburi or Phet Buri is one of the western or central provinces of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Ratchaburi, Samut Songkhram, Prachuap Khiri Khan. In the west it borders the Tanintharyi Division of Myanmar. Phetchaburi has a national park called "Kaeng Krachan" which consists of a reservoir overlooking its islands. Phetchaburi is at the north end of the Malay Peninsula, with the Gulf of Thailand to the east and the Tanaosi mountain range forming the boundary to Myanmar. Except for these border mountains most of the province is a flat plain. With an area of about 3,000 km2 Kaeng Krachan National Park is Thailand's largest national park, covering nearly half of the province, it protects rain forests in the mountains along the boundary to Myanmar, but the Kaeng Krachan Reservoir is part of the park. The only significant river of the province is the Phetchaburi River. Phetchaburi is an old royal city, dating back to the Mon of the 8th century. Khmer settled in the city, as can be seen by the prangs of Wat Kamphaeng Laeng.
In 1860 King Rama IV built a palace near the city of Phetchaburi known as Khao Wang, but its official name is Phra Nakhon Khiri. Next to the palace the king built a tower for his astronomical observations. On the adjoining hill is the royal temple Wat Phra Kaeo; the provincial seal shows the Khao Wang palace in the background. In front are rice fields bordered by two coconut palm trees, symbolizing the major crops in the province. Provincial tree is Eugenia cumini. Phetchaburi Province is an important salt producer. In 2011, 9,880 rai worked by 137 families were devoted to salt production in Phetchaburi; the province is divided into eight districts, which are further subdivided into 93 communes and 681 villages. Phetchaburi's main station is Phetchaburi Railway Station. Hat Cha-am Appearing to have been frozen in time warp, midway between remaining a Thai-style resort, modernising to meet international tastes and requirements, this extensive pine-fringed beach is considered to be one of the most popular beaches of Thailand.
Maruekhathaiyawan Palace This beachside wooden palace was used as a royal summer residence by King Rama VI during the 1920s. Facing the open sea, the palace is referred to as the palace of hope. Phra Nakhon Khiri Historical Park This covers a hilly area with an old palace and historical temples in the vicinity of the town, it consists of royal halls and groups of buildings, constructed in harmonious Thai, Western neoclassic and Chinese architectural styles. Wat Kamphaeng Laeng This temple was a Khmer place of worship, it was turned into a Buddhist temple and a shrine hall was constructed. However, the outlook of the place has not much changed due to the existence of sandstone walls and four Khmer style pagodas. Hat Chao Samran Legend says that King Naresuan the Great and King Eka Thotsarot made several royal visits here and appreciated its beauty; the villagers thus rendered it a name "Hat Chao Samran", which means "beach of royal leisure". Phetchaburi travel guide from Wikivoyage Website of province
Ban Phachi Junction
Ban Phachi Junction is a railway junction located in Phachi District, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. It is a Class 1 Station and serves as a junction for the North and Northeastern Line of the State Railway of Thailand. Ban Phachi Junction had to be rebuilt after the Second World War after being hit by Allied Bombing; some super express and express trains do not call at this station. There is a specialty at this station, recommended for those who pass this station; that is the "Phachi" Coconut Ice Cream sold by hawkers with trays walking along platforms and is eaten using a plastic straw. The dessert has been mentioned on some Thai shows, but since the beginning of August 2018 Phachi Coconut Ice Cream was sold at this junction, sales ended permanently. Ban Phachi Junction serves 47 trains daily; the trains that stop here are of the following: Commuter 303/304 Bangkok-Lopburi-Bangkok Commuter 339/340 Bangkok-Kaeng Khoi Junction-Bangkok Rapid 135/140 Bangkok-Ubon Ratchathani-Bangkok Rapid 111/108 Bangkok-Den Chai-Bangkok Express 75/78 Bangkok-Nong Khai-Bangkok Express 77/76 Bangkok-Nong Khai-Bangkok Ordinary 201/202 Bangkok-Phitsanulok-Bangkok Express 71/72 Bangkok-Ubon Ratchathani-Bangkok Ordinary 209/210 Bangkok-Ban Takhli-Bangkok Ordinary 233/234 Bangkok-Surin-Bangkok Rapid 109/102 Bangkok-Chiang Mai-Bangkok Ordinary 211/212 Bangkok-Taphan Hin-Bangkok Ordinary 207/208 Bangkok-Nakhon Sawan-Bangkok Rapid 145/136 Bangkok-Ubon Ratchathani-Bangkok Commuter 315/316 Bangkok-Lopburi-Bangkok Commuter 301/302 Bangkok-Lopburi-Bangkok Commuter 313/314 Bangkok-Ban Phachi-Bangkok Commuter 341/342 Bangkok-Kaeng Khoi-Bangkok Commuter 343/344 Bangkok-Kaeng Khoi-Bangkok Commuter 317/318 Bangkok-Lopburi-Bangkok Rapid 139/146 Bangkok-Ubon Ratchathani-Bangkok Rapid 107/112 Bangkok-Den Chai-Bangkok Rapid 105/106 Bangkok-Sila At-Bangkok Rapid 133/134 Bangkok-Nong Khai-Bangkok Express 67/68 Bangkok-Ubon Ratchathani-Bangkok Rapid 141/142 Bangkok-Ubon Ratchathani-Bangkok "สถานีรถไฟชุมทางบ้านภาชี"..
Rotfaithai.com. "การรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทย". State Railway of Thailand. "คนชอบนั่งรถไฟเศร้า ไอติมกะทิบ้านภาชี เลิกขายแล้ว ปิดตำนานหวานเย็น 5 บาท". Khao Sod. August 7, 2018
Bang Sue Junction railway station
Bang Sue Junction, is a railway station and junction located in Bangkok. It is situated on Chatuchak District, it is owned by the State Railway of Thailand, serves the Northern and Southern Line and is a junction for the North/Northeast and South Lines. Bang Sue Junction is separated into 2 station buildings, one for the North and Northeast lines and another for the Southern Line; the distance between the buildings are about 200 metres apart, with an overpass that links and used when a train is parked at the platform. This station has 72 tracks. 8 tracks are linked to the locomotive depot and the remaining 60 are rail sidings. Transport links include the Bangkok MRT, the BMTA. Bang Sue Junction is the location of Phahonyothin Cargo Yard. With an expanse to about 50 rails, it is the largest rail yard, in the whole of Thailand, it is located about 1.5 kilometres from the station and is the main cargo yard for freight services around Thailand. The State Railway of Thailand and the Ministry of Transportation have decided to build a large main station here and move all train destinations for Bangkok railway station to end here instead.
In addition to adding a few commuter services, the high-speed rail and Suvarnabhumi Airport Link will be available for service and use. As of May 2018 construction is over 50% complete; the following BMTA routes serve this station
State Railway of Thailand
The State Railway of Thailand is the state-owned rail operator under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Transport in Thailand. As of 2018, the network serves around 35 million passengers annually; the passenger count is expected to double by 2027 when expansion plans are realised and the network grows to serve 61 provinces. The SRT was founded as the Royal State Railways of Siam in 1890. King Chulalongkorn ordered the Department of Railways to be set up under the Department of Public Works and Town and Country Planning. Construction of the Bangkok-Ayutthaya railway, the first part of the Northern Line, was started in 1890 and inaugurated on 26 March 1896; the Thonburi-Phetchaburi line the Southern Line, was opened on 19 June 1903. The first railway commander of the RSR was Prince Purachatra Jayakara The Northern Line was built as 1,435 mm standard gauge, but in September 1919 it was decided to standardize on 1,000 mm meter gauge and the Northern Line was regauged during the next ten years. On 1 July 1951, RSR changed its name to the present State Railway of Thailand.
As of 2014 SRT had 4,043 km of track, all of it meter gauge except the Airport Link. Nearly all is single-track, although some important sections around Bangkok are double or triple-tracked and there are plans to extend this. By comparison, Thailand has 390,000 km of highways. In 2017, the SRT lost 17 billion baht; the SRT has suffered a loss every year since it was turned into a state-owned enterprise under the Transport Ministry in 1951. The SRT has debts amounting to nearly 100 billion baht, its annual operating losses are estimated at a minimum of 10 billion baht. In 2017 the military government budgeted more than 76 billion baht for SRT infrastructure investments; the funding is to be used for double-track rail expansions, an extension of Bangkok's elevated railway, construction of bridges and track improvements. In the fiscal year ending 30 September 2016, the SRT had managed to disburse only 53 percent of its allotted investment budget of 60 billion baht; this compares with an average disbursement rate of 80 percent by Thailand's other 55 state-owned enterprises.
Disbursement rate is seen as an indicator of efficient management. "If you look at the SRT they are a bit like a patient in and everyone is saying to him'you are the future' and trying to kick him out of bed when he is still moaning and groaning," said Ruth Banomyong, a logistics and transport expert at Thammasat University. The worst financially performing state enterprise, the SRT operates at a loss despite being endowed with large amounts of property—the SRT is one of Thailand's largest land holders, owning an estimated 39,840 hectares— and receiving large government subsidies, it reported a preliminary loss of 7.58 billion baht in 2010. Recurring government attempts at restructuring and/or privatization throughout the 2000s have always been opposed by the union and have not made any progress. SRT's failings are reflected in passenger numbers, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit have dropped from 88 million in 1994 to 44 million in 2014; the SRT has long been popularly perceived by the public as resistant to change.
Trains are late, most of its equipment is old and poorly maintained. Under the auspices of the Transport Ministry, the SRT has submitted a rehabilitation plan that will be presented to the State Enterprise Policy Commission on 30 July 2018; the commission, chaired by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha is expected to approve the plan. The plan calls for SRT to become the largest railway state enterprise in ASEAN. By 2027, anticipating income growth from asset management and cost management, SRT foresees profits of over 20 billion baht. Rail freight, cheaper—only half the cost of road transport—safer, more environmentally-friendly than road transport, accounted for only 1.4 percent of freight tonnage carried in 2015. SRT aims to boost its share of cargo transport to six percent with its double track expansion by 2022. Expansion of SRT's freight service, which could earn more money than the subsidized passenger service, has been neglected for decades in favour of Thailand's roads; the SRT's poor financial performance and resistance to reform, coupled with the Asian financial crisis of 1997, resulted in stringent restraints being placed on SRT staffing.
In July 1998, the Thai cabinet issued an order that the SRT could only hire five new employees for every 100 retirees. As of 2018, the order remains in effect. SRT officials estimated in 2017 that the enterprise needed to boost staff by 20 percent to 12,000. In 2018 SRT claims that it needs 18,015 employees to operate efficiently, but only has 10,035 on staff. To make up the shortfall, the SRT hires around 4,000 "daily workers" on daily wages of 300 baht, it has caused the SRT to pay massive amounts of overtime pay to current employees. For example, one station master in Pattani was paid 61,210 in monthly salary, but an additional 102,271 baht in overtime pay. To address a long list of complaints accusing SRT of a lack of transparency in bids for projects and procurement deals, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha fired the governor and board of the State Railway of Thailand in February 2017, using his special powers under Section 44 of the interim constitution. On the Southern Line, between Hat Yai Junction and Su-ngai Kolok railway station, in the south of Songkhla Province, Pattani Province, Yala Province and Narathiwat Province there have been regul