College is an educational institution or a constituent part of one. A college may be a tertiary educational institution, a part of a collegiate or federal university. In ancient Rome a collegium was a club or society, a group of living together under a common set of rules. Aside from the educational context - nowadays the most common use of college - there are various other meanings derived from the original Latin term. In the United States, college can be a synonym for university, in Singapore and India, this is known as a junior college. The municipal government of the city of Paris uses the sixth form college as the English name for a lycée. In some national education systems, secondary schools may be called colleges or have college as part of their title, in Australia the term college is applied to any private or independent primary and, secondary school as distinct from a state school. Melbourne Grammar School, Cranbrook School and The Kings School, there has been a recent trend to rename or create government secondary schools as colleges.
In the state of Victoria, some high schools are referred to as secondary colleges. Interestingly, the pre-eminent government secondary school for boys in Melbourne is still named Melbourne High School, in Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory, college is used in the name of all state high schools built since the late 1990s, and some older ones. In New South Wales, some schools, especially multi-campus schools resulting from mergers, are known as secondary colleges. In Queensland some newer schools which accept primary and high school students are styled state college, in Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory, college refers to the final two years of high school, and the institutions which provide this. In this context, college is an independent of the other years of high school. Here, the expression is a version of matriculation college. This is because these schools have traditionally focused on academic, rather than vocational, subjects. Some private secondary schools choose to use the college in their names nevertheless.
Some secondary schools elsewhere in the country, particularly ones within the school system. In New Zealand the word normally refers to a secondary school for ages 13 to 17
Denison University is a private and residential four-year liberal arts college in Granville, about 30 mi east of Columbus. Founded in 1831, it is Ohios second-oldest liberal arts college, Denison is a member of the Five Colleges of Ohio and the Great Lakes Colleges Association, and competes in the North Coast Athletic Conference. On December 13,1831, John Pratt, the colleges first president, situated on a 200-acre farm south of the village of Granville, it was the second Baptist college west of the Allegheny mountains after Georgetown College, which was founded in 1829. While rooted in education, the institution offered students the same literary. The first term included 37 students,27 of whom hailed from Granville, the school was more of an academy than a college. The schools first Commencement, which graduated three classical scholars, was held in 1840, in 1845, the institution, which at this point was male-only, officially changed its name to Granville College. In 1853, William S. Denison, a Muskingum County farmer, honoring an earlier commitment, the trustees accordingly changed the name of the institution to Denison University.
They voted to move the college to land available for purchase in the village of Granville, in the years leading up to the Civil War, many students and faculty members at Denison University became deeply involved in the anti-slavery movement. Professor Asa Drury, the chair of Greek and Latin studies, bancroft House, now a residential hall, served as a stop on the Underground Railroad for refugee slaves. The seminary was superseded by the Young Ladies Institute, founded in 1859 by Dr. the Young Ladies Institute was sold to Reverend Dr. Daniel Shepardson in 1868 and was renamed the Shepardson College for Women in 1886. Shepardson College was incorporated as part of Denison University in 1900, in 1887, Denison inaugurated a masters program, with resident graduates pursuing advanced studies in the sciences. Within a few years, the institution considered offering graduate programs on the doctoral level, in 1926, the Board of Trustees formalized a new curriculum that would make Denison University an exclusively undergraduate institution.
In the wake of Shepardson Colleges incorporation, Denison University made plans for enlargement of its campus, in 1916, the college sought the expertise of the Frederick Law Olmsted & Sons architectural firm, the founder of which had designed Central Park in New York City. During World War II, Denison was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. While the colleges origins were rooted in education, Denison University has been a non-sectarian institution since the 1960s. By 2005, the college reached its present size of approximately 2,250 students, the campus size is about 1,100 acres. This includes a 400-acre biological reserve just east of campus, where professors of sciences like geology and biology can hold class. Purchased in 2014 is the Denison Golf Course an 18-hole course just 0.4 miles from the academic campus, the first building in the Greater Denison plan, Swasey Chapel was built at the center of the campus
It originated in 1887 with programs primarily in engineering and fine arts. U. S. News & World Report lists Pratt as one of the top 20 colleges in the Regional Universities North category. Princeton Review recognizes Pratt as being one of the best colleges in the northeast, Pratt Institute was founded in 1887 by American industrialist Charles Pratt, who was a successful businessman and oil tycoon and was one of the wealthiest men in the history of Brooklyn. In 1867 Pratt established Charles Pratt and Company, in 1874 Pratt’s companies were purchased by John D. Rockefeller and became part of his Standard Oil trust while Pratt continued to run the companies himself. Pratt, an advocate of education, wanted to provide the opportunity for working men and women to better their lives through education, even though Pratt never had the opportunity to go to college himself, he wanted to create an affordable college accessible to the working class. In 1884 Pratt began purchasing parcels of land in his affluent home town of Clinton Hill for the intention of opening a school, the school would end up being built only two blocks from Charles Pratt’s residence on Clinton Avenue.
From his fortunes with Astral Oil and Charles Pratt and Company, in May 1887 the New York State Legislature granted Charles Pratt a charter to open the school, on October 17,1887, the Institute opened to 12 students in the Main Hall. Tuition was $4 per class per term, the college was one of the first in the country open to all people, regardless of class and gender. In the early years, the Institute’s mission was to offer education to those who never had it offered to them before, Pratt sought to teach people skills that would allow them to be successful and work their way up the economic ladder. Specifically, many programs were tailored for the growing need to train workers in the changing economy with training in design. Early programs sought to teach students a variety of such as architectural engineering, dressmaking. Graduates of the school were taught to become engineers, drawing, whether freehand, mechanical, or architectural, thought of as being a universal language, united such diverse programs and thus all programs in the school had a strong foundation in drawing.
In addition, the curriculum at the Institute was to be complemented by a large Liberal Arts curriculum. Students studied subjects such as history, mathematics and literature in order to understand the world in which they will be working in. Six months after inception the school had an enrollment of nearly 600 students, by the first anniversary of the school there were 1,000 students in attendance. In five years time the school had nearly 4,000 students, in 1888 Scientific American said of the school that “it is undoubtedly the most important enterprise of its kind in this country, if not in the world”. Andrew Carnegie even visited Pratt for inspiration and used the school as a model in developing Carnegie Technical Schools, now Carnegie Mellon University. As public interest grew in the school and demand increased the school began adding new programs including the Pratt High School, Library School, Music Department, and Department of Commerce
Chattanooga is a city in the U. S. state of Tennessee, with a population of 176,588 in 2015. The fourth-largest Tennessee city, it is the seat of Hamilton County, located in southeastern Tennessee in East Tennessee, on the Tennessee River, served by multiple railroads and Interstate highways, Chattanooga is a transit hub. The city, with elevation of approximately 680 feet, lies at the transition between the ridge-and-valley portion of the Appalachian Mountains and the Cumberland Plateau. Surrounded by mountains and ridges, the nickname for Chattanooga is the Scenic City. Unofficial nicknames include River City, Nooga, Chattanooga is internationally known for the 1941 song Chattanooga Choo Choo by Glenn Miller and his orchestra. Chattanooga is home to the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga and Chattanooga State Community College, the city has its own typeface, which was launched in August 2012. The first inhabitants of the Chattanooga area were Native Americans, sites dating back to the Upper Paleolithic period showed continuous occupation through the Archaic, Mississippian/Muskogean/Yuchi, and Cherokee.
The Chickamauga Mound near the mouth of the Chickamauga Creek is the oldest remaining visible art in Chattanooga, the Citico town and mound site was the most significant Mississippian/Muscogee landmark in Chattanooga up to 1915. The first part of the name Chattanooga derives from the Muskogean word cvto /chắtȯ/ – rock, the latter may be derived from a regional suffix -nuga meaning dwelling or dwelling place. In 1816 John Ross, who became Principal Chief, established Rosss Landing, located along what is now Broad Street, it became one of the centers of Cherokee Nation settlement, which extended into Georgia and Alabama. Their journey west became known as the Trail of Tears for their exile, the US Army used Rosss Landing as the site of one of three large internment camps, or emigration depots, where Native Americans were held prior to the journey on the Trail of Tears. One of the internment camps was located in Fort Payne, Alabama, in 1839, the community of Rosss Landing incorporated as the city of Chattanooga.
The city grew quickly, initially benefiting from a location well-suited for river commerce, with the arrival of the railroad in 1850, Chattanooga became a boom town. During the American Civil War, Chattanooga was a center of battle, during the Chickamauga Campaign, Union artillery bombarded Chattanooga as a diversion and occupied it on September 9,1863. Following the Battle of Chickamauga, the defeated Union Army retreated to safety in Chattanooga, the next day, the Battle of Lookout Mountain was fought, driving the Confederates off the mountain. On November 25, Grants army routed the Confederates in the Battle of Missionary Ridge and these battles were followed the next spring by the Atlanta Campaign, beginning just over the nearby state line in Georgia and moving southeastward. After the war ended, the city became a railroad hub and industrial. The largest flood in Chattanoogas history occurred in 1867, before the Tennessee Valley Authority system was created in 1933 by Congress, the flood crested at 58 feet and completely inundated the city
Germantown Academy, informally known as GA and originally known as the Union School, is the oldest nonsectarian day school in the United States. The school was founded on December 6,1759, by a group of prominent Germantown citizens in the Green Tree Tavern on the Germantown Road, Germantown Academy ranks within the nations top 100 private and public schools that send the most students to the Ivy Leagues. The original campus is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the school shares the oldest continuous high school football rivalry with the William Penn Charter School. The academy recently completed the first two phases of a rebuilding plan. The Union School was founded on the evening of December 6,1759, the school was founded by prominent members of the Germantown community who wished to provide a country school for their children. As some of the founders and residents of Germantown were of German descent, the founders chose David James Dove to head the English department and Hilarius Becker of Bernheim, Germany, to head the German school.
In 1761, land was given to the school by trustee Charles Bensell, the school found itself in the crossroads of early American history. In 1777, the Battle of Germantown was fought on the front lawn of trustee Benjamin Chew at his home Cliveden less than a mile from campus, during the American Revolution, the school served as a hospital and camp for British soldiers. Legend says that the British officers played the first game of cricket in America on the Academys front lawn, after the war, the school was visited by President George Washington. Washington sent his adopted step-grandson George Washington Parke Custis to the Academy during the 1793 yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia, the school was visited by the Marquis de Lafayette on his 1825 visit to America and hosted Fernando, the adopted son of South American liberator Simón Bolívar. In 1830, Amos Bronson Alcott, father of Louisa May Alcott, was appointed headmaster, after the Civil War, the school was in decline, with a small student body and outdated facilities.
In 1877, Dr. William Kershaw was appointed headmaster, during his headmastership, GA graduated a future University of Pennsylvania president, a Supreme Court justice, and a primate of the Episcopal Church. In 1915, Dr. Kershaw retired and Dr. Samuel E. Osbourn was appointed headmaster, under Dr. Osbourns leadership, the school increased in size, focused on scholarship and continued to produce some of Philadelphias finest citizens. Under Osbourn, GA established the eighth oldest Cum Laude Society chapter in the nation, after the World Wars, GA was led by headmaster Donald Miller who was instrumental in the move from Germantown to the current Fort Washington campus. By the 1960s, GA families had left Germantown for nearby suburbs, in five years, The Miracle of Fort Washington occurred as the school moved from city to suburb. In this transition, GA coeducated, accepting girls in 1961 with the first co-ed class graduating in 1968, the school colors are red and blue. Originally, red and blue, the white was changed to black upon the death of Abraham Lincoln in 1865.
GA/PC Day is a tradition where GA plays against its rival William Penn Charter School in football, field hockey, cross country, girls tennis, water polo
Reed College is a private liberal arts college in southeast Portland in the U. S. state of Oregon. Reed is known for its mandatory freshman humanities program, required senior-year thesis, the college has many prominent alumni, including over 90 Fulbright Scholars,67 Watson Fellows,3 MacArthur Fellows, and 32 Rhodes Scholars—the second-highest number of any liberal arts college. The Reed Institute was founded in 1908, and held its first classes in 1911, Reed is named for Oregon pioneers Simeon Gannett Reed and Amanda Reed. Simeon was an entrepreneur in trade on the Columbia River, Reeds first president was William Trufant Foster, a former professor at Bates College and Bowdoin College in Maine. The college has a reputation for political liberalism, according to sociologist Burton Clark, Reed is one of the most unusual institutions of higher learning in the United States, featuring a traditional liberal arts and natural sciences curriculum. It requires freshmen to take Humanities 110, an introduction to the Classics, covering ancient Greece and Rome as well as the Bible.
Its program in the sciences is likewise unusual with its TRIGA research reactor making it the school in the United States to have a nuclear reactor operated entirely by undergraduates. Upon completion of the thesis, students must pass an oral exam that may encompass questions not only about the thesis. Reed maintains a 10,1 student-to-faculty ratio, and its small classes emphasize a style where the teacher often acts as a mediator for discussion rather than a lecturer. While large lecture-style classes exist, Reed emphasizes its smaller lab, although letter grades are given to students, grades are de-emphasized at Reed and focus is placed on a narrative evaluation. Unsatisfactory grades are reported directly to the student and the students adviser and exams are generally returned to students with lengthy comments but without grades affixed. Many Reed students graduate without knowing their cumulative GPA or their grades in individual classes. Reed claims to have experienced very little grade inflation over the years, for example, although Reed does not award Latin honors to graduates, it confers several awards for academic achievement at commencement, including naming students to Phi Beta Kappa.
Reed has no fraternities or sororities and few NCAA sports teams although physical education classes are required for graduation, Reed has several intercollegiate athletic clubs, most notably the Rugby, Ultimate Frisbee, and Soccer teams. Reeds ethical code is known as The Honor Principle, while inspired by traditional honor systems, Reeds Honor Principle differs from these in that it is a guide for ethical standards themselves and not just their enforcement. Under the Honor Principle, there are no codified rules governing behavior, the onus is on students individually and as a community to define which behaviors are acceptable and which are not. Discrete cases of grievance, known as Honor Cases, are adjudicated by a Judicial Board of twelve full-time students, there is an Honor Council of students and staff who educate the community on the Honor Principle and mediate conflict between individuals. Reed categorizes its academic program into five Divisions and the Humanities program, the formal chronological cleavage between the graduate and the undergraduate attitude of mind
Duke University is an American private research university located in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the town of Trinity in 1838. In 1924, tobacco and electric power industrialist James Buchanan Duke established The Duke Endowment, at time the institution changed its name to honor his deceased father. Dukes campus spans over 8,600 acres on three campuses in Durham as well as a marine lab in Beaufort. The main campus—designed largely by architect Julian Abele—incorporates Gothic architecture with the 210-foot Duke Chapel at the campus center, the first-year-populated East Campus contains Georgian-style architecture, while the main Gothic-style West Campus 1.5 miles away is adjacent to the Medical Center. Duke is the seventh-wealthiest private university in America with $11.4 billion in cash, Dukes research expenditures in the 2015 fiscal year were $1.037 billion, the seventh largest in the nation. In 2014, Thomson Reuters named 32 of Dukes professors to its list of Highly Cited Researchers, Duke ranks fifth among national universities to have produced Rhodes, Truman and Udall Scholars.
Ten Nobel laureates and three Turing Award winners are affiliated with the university, Dukes sports teams compete in the Atlantic Coast Conference and the basketball team is renowned for having won five NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championships, most recently in 2015. Duke is consistently included among the best universities in the world by numerous university rankings, according to a Forbes study, Duke is ranked 11th among universities that have produced billionaires. Duke started in 1838 as Browns Schoolhouse, a subscription school founded in Randolph County in the present-day town of Trinity. Organized by the Union Institute Society, a group of Methodists and Quakers, the academy was renamed Normal College in 1851 and Trinity College in 1859 because of support from the Methodist Church. Carr donated land in 1892 for the original Durham campus, which is now known as East Campus, in 1924 Washington Dukes son, James B. Duke, established The Duke Endowment with a $40 million trust fund, income from the fund was to be distributed to hospitals, the Methodist Church, and four colleges.
Duke thought the change would come off as self-serving. Money from the endowment allowed the University to grow quickly, Dukes original campus, East Campus, was rebuilt from 1925 to 1927 with Georgian-style buildings. By 1930, the majority of the Collegiate Gothic-style buildings on the one mile west were completed. In 1878, Trinity awarded A. B. degrees to three sisters—Mary and Theresa Giles—who had studied both with private tutors and in classes with men. With the relocation of the college in 1892, the Board of Trustees voted to allow women to be formally admitted to classes as day students
Bradley University is a private, mid-sized university in Peoria, Illinois. Founded in 1897, Bradley University currently enrolls 5,400 students, pursuing degrees in more than 100 undergraduate programs, all classes are taught by professors rather than teaching assistants. The university is accredited by 22 national accrediting agencies, including the Higher Learning Commission, students can participate in more than 240 student organizations, including the Lewis J. Burger Center for Student Leadership and Public Service, the Bradleys had discussed establishing an orphanage in memory of their deceased children. As a first step toward her goal, in 1892 she purchased a controlling interest in Parsons Horological School in LaPorte, the first school for watchmakers in America, and moved it to Peoria. She specified in her will that the school should be expanded after her death to include an education as well as industrial arts. In October 1896 Mrs. Bradley was introduced to Dr. William Rainey Harper and he soon convinced her to move ahead with her plans and establish the school during her lifetime.
Bradley Polytechnic Institute was chartered on November 13,1896, Mrs. Bradley provided 17.5 acres of land, $170,000 for buildings, and a library, and $30,000 per year for operating expenses. Contracts for Bradley Hall and Horology Hall were awarded in April, fourteen faculty and 150 students began classes in Bradley Hall on October 4—with 500 workers still hammering away. Bradley Polytechnic Institute was formally dedicated on October 8,1897 and its first graduate, in June 1898, was Cora Unland. Originally, the institute was organized as an academy as well as a two-year college. There was only one high school in the city of Peoria at the time. By 1920 the institute dropped the academy orientation and adopted a four-year collegial program, enrollment continued to grow over the coming decades and the name Bradley University was adopted in 1946. The Board of Trustees adopted the 2012-17 strategic plan on January 27,2012, the annual survey recognized Bradley as the ninth best value Midwestern school in the ranking of Great Schools at Great Prices.
The Bradley University Department of Teacher Education and College of Education, the University is home to the Charley Steiner School of Sports Communication, the first such named school in the U. S. Each has its own requirements and varies in completion time. The program of physical therapy offers a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree, Bradley University is among the first universities in the nation to have a school of entrepreneurship and the first established as a freestanding academic unit. The Turner School of Entrepreneurship and Innovation is named in honor of Bob and Carolyn Turner, the Turners established the Robert and Carolyn Turner Center for Entrepreneurship in 2002
Hillsdale College is a co-educational, non-profit liberal arts college in Hillsdale, United States. Most of the curriculum is based on and centered on the teaching of the Western heritage as a product of both the Greco-Roman culture and the Judeo-Christian tradition. Hillsdale requires every student, regardless of major, to complete a curriculum that includes courses on the Great Books. The college declines to accept financial support, instead providing private financial assistance to its students. In August 1844, members of the community of Freewill Baptists resolved to organize their denominations first collegiate institution. After gathering donations, they established Hillsdale College as Michigan Central College in Spring Arbor, in the 19th century Hillsdale and Bates College in Maine were the only American colleges associated with this denomination. Hillsdale no longer has any denominational affiliation, and Hillsdale Free Will Baptist College in Oklahoma was founded after the college disaffiliated itself with the denomination.
However, Hillsdale is still considered a Christian institution, with students expected to follow moral tenets of Christianity as commonly understood in the Christian tradition. Under its first president, Daniel McBride Graham, who held the office from 1844 to 1848, Michigan Central College opened within a two-room store and admitted five students. In March 1845, the government of Michigan incorporated the college by an act of legislature, Fairfield assumed the presidency of Michigan Central College in 1848. In two years, on March 20,1850, the Michigan state legislature granted the college a special charter, giving it the right to confer degrees. Independent from its outset, the college one of the first in the United States to prohibit in its charter any discrimination on the basis of religion, race. Black students were admitted immediately after the colleges 1844 founding, in 1851 the college celebrated its first commencement and, one year later, graduated the first woman in Michigan with a Bachelor of Arts.
The cornerstone of the new building, Central Hall, was laid on the Fourth of July 1853, when Michigan Central College moved, it reopened as Hillsdale College on November 7,1855, after receiving its new state charter the previous May. That fall the young institution opened with record enrollment, in 1856, it became the largest collegiate establishment in Michigan, a position it would hold for the majority of the 19th century. During these early years and college professor Ransom Dunn contributed to its academic, Fairfield led Hillsdale from 1848 to 1869. During his presidency, he helped found the Republican Party with Dunn in neighboring Jackson, a prominent leader in the newfound party, Fairfield was present at its first convention in 1858, where he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Michigan. On August 8,1860, the first degrees were conferred at Hillsdale by the college, and on March 20,1863 the state legislature of Michigan formally legalized the colleges change of name and location
Whitman College is a private liberal arts college located in Walla Walla, Washington. Initially founded as a seminary by a legislative charter in 1859. Whitman College is accredited by the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges and competes athletically in the NCAA Division III Northwest Conference, the school offers 46 majors and 32 minors in the liberal arts and sciences, and has a student to faculty ratio of 9,1. Whitman was the first college in the Pacific Northwest to install a Phi Beta Kappa chapter, Whitman was ranked tied for 41st in the nation in the 2017 U. S. News & World Report list of Best Liberal Arts Colleges. Whitmans acceptance rate for 2015 was 41%, Marcus Whitman and Narcissa Whitman, along with 12 others were killed by a group of Cayuse Indians during the Whitman Massacre. While at the site, Eells became determined to establish a monument to his missionary colleagues in the form of a school for pioneer boys. Eells obtained a charter for Whitman Seminary, a pre-collegiate school, from the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, he acquired the Whitman mission site.
Eells soon moved to the site with his family and began working to establish Whitman Seminary, despite Eellss desire to locate Whitman Seminary at the Whitman mission site, local pressure and resources provided a way for the school to open in the burgeoning town of Walla Walla. In 1866, Walla Wallas wealthiest citizen, Dorsey Baker, donated land near his house to the east of downtown, a two-story wood-frame building was quickly erected and classes began that year. The schools first principal, local Congregational minister Peasly B, resigned within a year and Cushing Eells was called upon to serve as principal, which he did until 1869. After Eellss resignation in 1869, the school struggled—and often failed—to attract students, pay teachers, Whitmans trustees decided in 1882 that while their institution could not continue as a prep school, it might survive as the areas only college. Alexander Jay Anderson, the president of the Territorial University, came to turn the institution into a college.
After modeling the institution after New England liberal arts colleges, Anderson opened the school on September 4,1882 with an enrollment of 60 students, in 1883, the school received a collegiate charter and began expanding with aid from the Congregational American College and Education Society. Despite local support for Whitman College and help from the Congregational community, after losing favor with some of the schools supporters, Anderson left Whitman in 1891 to be replaced by Reverend James Francis Eaton. The continuing recession of the 1890s increased the institutions financial worries, by popularizing Marcus Whitmans life and accomplishments, Penrose was able to gain support and resources for the college. Under his leadership, the faculty was strengthened and the first masonry buildings, Billings Hall, in 1907, Penrose began a plan called Greater Whitman which sought to transform the college into an advanced technical and science center. To aid fundraising, Penrose abandoned affiliation with the Congregational Church, the prep school was closed and fraternities and sororities were introduced to the campus.
Penrose iterated the schools purpose to be a college, with a limited number of students to whom it will give the finest quality of education
Hofstra University is a private, non-profit, nonsectarian university in the United States. Its main campus is on Long Island in the village of Hempstead, New York, the extension had been proposed by a Hempstead resident, Truesdel Peck Calkins, who had been superintendent of schools for Hempstead. In her will, Kate Mason provided the bulk of their property and estate to be used for a charitable, scientific or humanitarian purpose, two friends, Howard Brower and James Barnard, were asked to decide what to do with the estate. Calkins approached the administration at New York University, and they expressed interest, the college was founded as a coeducational, commuter institution with day and evening classes. The first day of classes was September 23,1935, the tuition fee for the year was $375. The college obtained provisional charter status, and its name was changed to Hofstra College on January 16,1937. Hofstra College separated from New York University in 1939 and was granted a charter on February 16,1940.
Hofstra’s original logo was a created by Professor of Art Constant van de Wall in 1937. The insignia was derived from the seal of the reigning house of the Netherlands. Used with the permission of the monarch of the Netherlands, the seal included the Dutch national motto Je Maintiendrai. In 1939, Hofstra celebrated its first four-year commencement, graduating a class of 83 students, the first graduates had strong feelings for the new institution. When they were allowed to choose whether they would receive degrees from New York University or Hofstra, academic recognition of Hofstra was affirmed when the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools accepted Hofstra for membership on November 22,1940. Early in 1941 the college was elected to membership in the American Association of Colleges, in 1950 Calkins Gymnasium was the site of the first Shakespeare Festival. It was performed on a replica of the Globe Theatre. With the approval of the New York State Board of Regents and this became federal law, and Hofstra was subsequently recognized as a pioneer.
Other forward-thinking programs and events followed, including the New Opportunities at Hofstra program, NOAH is Hofstra’s Arthur O. Eve Higher Education Opportunity Program. In 1963, Mitchel Air Force Base was closed by the military, the university asked for part of the area to be used for educational purposes, and was subsequently granted 110 acres. Remnants of the runways from the Air Force base are now parking lots for Hofstras North Campus
New York University
New York University is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City. Founded in 1831, NYU is considered one of the worlds most influential research universities, University rankings compiled by Times Higher Education, U. S. News & World Report, and the Academic Ranking of World Universities all rank NYU amongst the top 32 universities in the world. NYU is a part of the creativity and vibrancy that is Manhattan, located with its core in Greenwich Village. Among its faculty and alumni are 37 Nobel Laureates, over 30 Pulitzer Prize winners, over 30 Academy Award winners, alumni include heads of state, eminent mathematicians, media figures, Olympic medalists, CEOs of Fortune 500 companies, and astronauts. NYU alumni are among the wealthiest in the world, according to The Princeton Review, NYU is consistently considered by students and parents as a Top Dream College. Albert Gallatin, Secretary of Treasury under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, declared his intention to establish in this immense, a system of rational and practical education fitting and graciously opened to all.
A three-day-long literary and scientific convention held in City Hall in 1830 and these New Yorkers believed the city needed a university designed for young men who would be admitted based upon merit rather than birthright or social class. On April 18,1831, an institution was established, with the support of a group of prominent New York City residents from the merchants, bankers. Albert Gallatin was elected as the institutions first president, the university has been popularly known as New York University since its inception and was officially renamed New York University in 1896. In 1832, NYU held its first classes in rented rooms of four-story Clinton Hall, in 1835, the School of Law, NYUs first professional school, was established. American Chemical Society was founded in 1876 at NYU and it became one of the nations largest universities, with an enrollment of 9,300 in 1917. NYU had its Washington Square campus since its founding, the university purchased a campus at University Heights in the Bronx because of overcrowding on the old campus.
NYU had a desire to follow New York Citys development further uptown, NYUs move to the Bronx occurred in 1894, spearheaded by the efforts of Chancellor Henry Mitchell MacCracken. The University Heights campus was far more spacious than its predecessor was, as a result, most of the universitys operations along with the undergraduate College of Arts and Science and School of Engineering were housed there. NYUs administrative operations were moved to the new campus, but the schools of the university remained at Washington Square. In 1914, Washington Square College was founded as the undergraduate college of NYU. In 1935, NYU opened the Nassau College-Hofstra Memorial of New York University at Hempstead and this extension would become a fully independent Hofstra University. In 1950, NYU was elected to the Association of American Universities, in the late 1960s and early 1970s, financial crisis gripped the New York City government and the troubles spread to the citys institutions, including NYU