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Hans A. Hansen

Hans Anton Hansen was an American sailor serving in the United States Navy during Boxer Rebellion who received the Medal of Honor for bravery. The US sailor, buried at Arlington National Cemetery is not the Medal of Honor recipient and his grave is mismarked. Hansen was born April 1877, in Korsør, Denmark. After immigrating to the United States through the Port of San Francisco on August 29, 1899 he enlisted in United States Navy and was sent as a Seaman aboard the USS Newark to China to fight in the Boxer Rebellion. Rank and organization: Seaman, U. S. Navy. Accredited to: California. G. O. No.: 55, 19 June 1901. Hansen's official Medal of Honor citation reads: Served with the relief expedition of the Allied forces in China on 13, 20, 21 and 22 June 1900. In the presence of the enemy during this period, Hansen distinguished himself by meritorious conduct. Medal of Honor recipient Hans A. Hansen died August 23, 1949 at Toms River, New Jersey, is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Toms River, New Jersey.

Hansen's obituary in the August 24, 1949 Asbury Park, NJ Press newspaper read: Hans Anton Hansen TOMS RIVER. - Hans Anton Hansen, 71, died yesterday on the porch of his home at 72 Dayton avenue. Mr. Hansen received the Congressional Medal of Honor, he came to Toms River to operate a pigeon farm which he gave up because of poor health. He was a member of the Leonard A. Wood post of the Spanish -- Lakewood. Mr. Hansen was born in Denmark, he leaves his wife, Mary E. Hansen. Arrangements are in charge of the Anderson and Apgar funeral home. List of Medal of Honor recipients List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Boxer Rebellion Inline

1996–97 English Premiership (rugby union)

The 1996–97 English Premiership was the tenth season of the top flight of rugby union in England. It was the first professional season in English rugby union history; the league was made up of twelve teams with each team playing each other twice, in a round robin system. Wasps were the champions, with a winning margin of six points above the runners -- up. West Hartlepool and Orrell were relegated to National Division 2, it was the final season of sponsorship by Courage. The Home Team is listed on the left column. For the first time play–offs took place between the third and fourth placed teams in Division Two and the ninth and tenth placed teams in Division One; the play–offs followed a 4th v 9th, 3rd v 10th system – with the games being played over two legs and the second tier team playing at home in the first leg. Bristol won 39 – 23 on aggregate to retain their place in Division One London Irish won 42 – 23 on aggregate to retain their place in Division One Official website

Bioglass 45S5

Bioglass 45S5 or calcium sodium phosphosilicate referred to by its commercial name Bioglass and NovaMin, is a glass composed of 45 wt% SiO2, 24.5 wt% CaO, 24.5 wt% Na2O, 6.0 wt% P2O5. Glasses are non-crystalline amorphous solids that are composed of silica-based materials with other minor additives. Compared to soda-lime glass, Bioglass 45S5 contains less silica and higher amounts of calcium and phosphorus; the 45S5 name signifies glass with 5:1 molar ratio of calcium to phosphorus. This high ratio of calcium to phosphorus promotes formation of apatite crystals. Lower Ca:P ratios do not bond to bone. Bioglass 45S5's specific composition is optimal in biomedical applications because of its similar composition to that of hydroxyapatite, the mineral component of bone; this similarity provides Bioglass' ability to be integrated with living bone. This composition of bioactive glass is comparatively soft in comparison to other glasses, it can preferably with diamond tools, or ground to powder. Bioglass has to be stored in a dry environment, as it absorbs moisture and reacts with it.

Bioglass 45S5 is the first formulation of an artificial material, found to chemically bond with bone, its discovery lead to a series of other bioactive glasses. One of its main medical advantages is its biocompatibility, seen in its ability to avoid an immune reaction and fibrous encapsulation, its primary application is the repair of bone injuries or defects too large to be regenerated by the natural process. The first successful surgical use of Bioglass 45S5 was in replacement of ossicles in the middle ear, as a treatment of conductive hearing loss. Other uses include cones for implantation into the jaw following a tooth extraction. Composite materials made of Bioglass 45S5 and patient's own bone can be used for bone reconstruction. Further research is being conducted for the development of new processing techniques to allow for more applications of Bioglass. Bioglass is important to the field of biomaterials as one of the first synthetic materials that seamlessly bonds to bone, it was developed by Larry L. Hench in the late 1960s.

The idea for the material came to him during a bus ride in 1967. While working as an assistant professor at the University of Florida, Dr. Hench decided to attend the U. S. Army Materials Research Conference held in Sagamore, New York, where he planned to talk about radiation resistant electronic materials, he began discussing his research with a fellow traveller on the bus, Colonel Klinker, who had returned to the United States after serving as an Army medical supply officer in Vietnam. After listening to Dr. Hench's description of his research, the Colonel asked, “If you can make a material that will survive exposure to high energy radiation can you make a material that will survive exposure to the human body?” Klinker went on to describe the amputations that he had witnessed in Vietnam, which resulted from the body's rejection of metal and plastic implants. Hench realized that there was a need for a novel material that could form a living bond with tissues in the body; when Hench returned to Florida after the conference, he submitted a proposal to the U.

S. Army Medical Research and Design Command, he received funding in 1968, in November 1969 Hench began to synthesize small rectangles of what he called 45S5 glass. Ted Greenlee, Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Florida, implanted them in rat femurs at the VA Hospital in Gainesville. Six weeks Greenlee called Hench asking, "Larry, what are those samples you gave me? They will not come out of the bone. I have pulled on them, I have pushed on them, I have cracked the bone and they are still bonded in place."With this first successful experiment, Bioglass was born and the first compositions studied. Hench published his first paper on the subject in 1971 in the Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, his lab continued to work on the project for the next 10 years with continued funding from the U. S. Army. By 2006, there were over 500 papers published on the topic of bioactive glasses from different laboratories and institutions around the world; the first successful surgical use of Bioglass 45S5 was in replacement of ossicles in middle ear as a treatment of conductive hearing loss, the material continues to be used in bone reconstruction applications today.

Bioactive glass offers good osteoconductivity and bioactivity, it can deliver cells and is biodegradable. This makes it an excellent candidate to be used in tissue engineering applications. Although this material is known to be brittle, it is still used extensively to enhance the growth of bone since new forms of bioactive glasses are based on borate and borosilicate compositions. Bioglass can be doped with varying quantities of elements like copper, zinc, or strontium which can allow the growth and formation of healthy bone; the formation of neocartilage can be induced with bioactive glass by using an in vitro culture of chondrocyte-seeded hydrogels and can serve as a subchondral substrate for tissue-engineered osteochondral constructs. The borate-based bioactive glass has controllable degradation rates in order to match the rate at which actual bone is formed. Bone formation has been shown to enhance; when implanted into rabbit femurs, the 45S5 bioactive glass showed that it could induce bone proliferation at a much quicker rate than synthetic hydroxyapatite.

45S5 glass can be osteoconductive and osteoinductive because it allows for new bone growth along the bone-implant interface as well as within the bone-implant interface. Studies have been conducted to determine the

The House by the Cemetery

The House by the Cemetery is a 1981 Italian horror film directed by Lucio Fulci. The film stars Catriona MacColl, Paolo Malco, Ania Pieroni, Giovanni Frezza, Silvia Collatina and Dagmar Lassander, its plot revolves around a series of murders taking place in a New England home–a home which happens to be hiding a gruesome secret within its basement walls. A woman is in an abandoned house looking for her boyfriend. After she discovers his body stabbed with scissors, she is stabbed in the head with a French knife, her body is dragged through a cellar door. In New York City and his parents and Lucy Boyle, are moving into the same house. Norman's ex-colleague, Dr. Peterson, who murdered his mistress before committing suicide, was the previous owner; the Boyles are to stay there, whilst Norman researches old houses. As his mother packs, Bob looks at a photograph of notices a girl in it. In New Whitby, Bob waits in his parents' car while they collect the house keys; the girl from the photograph appears across the street.

The girl, whom only Bob can see, warns him to stay away. In the real estate office, Mrs. Gittleson is annoyed when her colleague hands the couple "the Freudstein keys", she insists it is called "Oak Mansion", promises to find the Boyles a babysitter. Oak Mansion is in a poor state of repair; the cellar door is nailed shut. A woman introduces herself as Ann, the babysitter; that night, Norman hears finds Ann unblocking the cellar door. The next day, Norman goes to the library to peruse Peterson's materials; the chief librarian, Mr. Wheatley, appears to recognize him, but Norman claims. The assistant librarian, Daniel Douglas informs Norman that Peterson conducted private research at the house, he studied records of other demographic data. Mae shows Bob a tombstone on the grounds marked "Mary Freudstein" and says she is not buried there. Indoors, Lucy finds the tombstone of "Jacob Tess Freudstein" while sweeping the hallway; when Norman returns, he reassures her that some older houses have indoor tombs because of the hard wintry ground.

Norman opens the cellar door and walks down the stairs, only to be attacked by a bat, which won't let go until he stabs it repeatedly. Spooked, the family drives down to the real estate office and demands to be re-housed, but are told it will be a few more days before they can move. While the Boyles are at hospital to treat Norman's injuries from the bat, Mrs. Gittleson arrives at the house to tell them of a new property. Letting herself in, she stands over the Freudstein tombstone. A figure emerges, stabs her in the neck with a fireplace poker, drags her into the cellar; the next morning, Lucy finds Ann cleaning a bloodstain on the kitchen floor. Ann eludes Lucy's questions about the stain. Over coffee, Norman tells Lucy that he's discovered that Freudstein was a Victorian surgeon who conducted illegal experiments. Norman must travel to New York to research Freudstein. On the way, Norman drops by the library and finds a cassette of Peterson's, which explains Freudstein killed his family. Ann goes to the cellar looking for Bob.

Bob sees Ann's head, exits screaming. Lucy refuses to believe Bob's tale about Ann; that evening, Bob gets locked in. Lucy hears Bob's tries to open the cellar door; when she can not open it, Norman attacks it with an hatchet. The rotting hands of Freudstein restrain Bob. Norman cuts the monster's hand off, he staggers away, bleeding. Norman and Lucy get into the cellar, which contains several mutilated bodies, surgical equipment, a slab. Freudstein is a living corpse with rotting flesh. Norman tells Lucy that the 150-year-old Freudstein lives by using his victims' parts to regenerate blood cells. Norman attacks Freudstein, he stabs Freudstein. Freudstein rips his throat out. Lucy and Bob climb a ladder leading to the cracked tombstone. Lucy strains to shift the stone, but Freudstein grabs her and drags her down the stairs, killing her by ramming her head into the concrete floor; as Freudstein advances up the ladder, Bob strains to escape. As Freudstein grabs Bob's leg, he is yanked upwards by Mae. With Mae is her mother, Mary Freudstein, who tells them it's time to leave.

Mrs. Freudstein leads Bob down the wintry grove into a netherworld of ghosts. Catriona MacColl as Lucy Boyle Paolo Malco as Dr. Norman Boyle Ania Pieroni as Ann Giovanni Frezza as Bob Boyle Silvia Collatina as Mae Freudstein Dagmar Lassander as Laura Gittleson Giovanni De Nava as Dr. Freudstein Daniela Doria as the first female victim Gianpaolo Saccarola as Daniel Douglas Carlo De Mejo as Mr. Wheatley Kenneth A. Olsen as Harold Elmer Johnsson as the Cemetery Caretaker Ranieri Ferrara as a victim Teresa Rossi Passante as Mary Freudstein Lucio Fulci as Professor Mueller Fulci claimed that after making The Black Cat and The Beyond that he wanted to make a film in tribute to HP Lovecraft without the film being based on one of his stories. Screenwriter Dardano Sacchetti was inspired by Henry James' The Turn of the Screw. Sacchetti stated the film was based on his own personal experiences as a child, being born in a large co

Hubert Bourdot

Hubert Bourdot was a French Roman Catholic priest and mycologist, a native of Imphy, a community in the department of Nièvre. From 1898 until his death, Bourdot was a parish priest in Saint-Priest-en-Murat, he was a member of the Société mycologique de France, serving as its vice-president in 1919, becoming an honorary president. He bequeathed his mycological collection to the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. With mycologist Amédée Galzin, he was co-author of a series of publications involving Hymenomycetes native to France. Hyménomycètes de France: I. Heterobasidiés, 1909 Hyménomycètes de France: II. Homobasidiés: Clavariés et Cyphellés, 1910 Hyménomycètes de France: III. Corticiées: Corticium, Asterostromella, 1911 Hyménomycètes de France: IV. Corticiées: Vuilleminia, Dendrothele, Peniophora, 1912 Hyménomycètes de France: V. Hydnées, 1914 Hyménomycètes de France: VI. Asterostromés, 1920 Hyménomycètes de France: VII. Stereum, 1921 Hyménomycètes de France: VIII. Hymenochaete, 1923 Hyménomycètes de France: IX.

Meruliés, 1923 Hyménomycètes de France. X. Phylactèriés, 1924 Hyménomycètes de France, XI. 1925 Heterobasidiae nondum descriptae, 1924, with Galzin in: Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France. Contribution à la Flore Mycologique de la France: I. Hyménomycètes de France. Hétérobasidiés-Homobasidiés Gymnocarpes, with Galzin, 1927. Selection of Publications of Hubert Bourdot @ Mushroom Journal Biographies of Leading Mycologists, translated from French