World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company, known for professional wrestling. WWE has branched out into other fields, including movies, real estate, various other business ventures; the WWE name refers to the professional wrestling promotion itself, founded by Jess McMahon and Toots Mondt in 1952 as the Capitol Wrestling Corporation. As of 2019, it is the largest wrestling promotion in the world, holding over 500 events a year, with the roster divided up into various globally traveling brands, is available to about 36 million viewers in more than 150 countries; the company's global headquarters is located in Stamford, with offices in major cities across the world. As in other professional wrestling promotions, WWE shows are not legitimate contests, but purely entertainment-based, featuring storyline-driven and choreographed matches, though matches include moves that can put performers at risk of injury if not performed correctly.
This was first publicly acknowledged by WWE's owner Vince McMahon in 1989 to avoid taxes from athletic commissions. Since the 1980s, WWE publicly has branded their product as sports entertainment, acknowledging the product's roots in competitive sport and dramatic theater; the company's majority owner is its chairman and CEO, Vince McMahon, who retains a 42% ownership of the company's outstanding stock and 83% of the voting power. The current entity, incorporated on February 21, 1980, was known as Titan Sports, Inc., founded that same year in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts. It acquired Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. the holding company for the World Wrestling Federation, in 1982. Titan was renamed World Wrestling Federation, Inc. in 1998 World Wrestling Federation Entertainment, Inc. in 1999, the current World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. in 2002. Since 2011, the company has branded itself as WWE though the company's legal name was not changed. WWE's origins can be traced back as far as 1952 when Roderick James "Jess" McMahon and Toots Mondt created the Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. which joined the National Wrestling Alliance in 1953.
McMahon, a successful boxing promoter, began working with Tex Rickard in 1926. With the help of Rickard, he began promoting boxing and wrestling at the third Madison Square Garden, it was not the first time McMahon had promoted wrestling cards, as he had done so during the 1910s. In November 1954, McMahon died and Ray Fabiani, one of Mondt's associates, brought in McMahon's son Vincent James; the younger McMahon and Mondt were successful and soon controlled 70% of the NWA's booking due to their dominance in the populated Northeastern United States. In 1963, McMahon and Mondt had a dispute with the NWA over "Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers being booked to hold the NWA World Heavyweight Championship. Both men left the company in protest and formed the WWWF in the process, awarding Rogers the newly created WWWF World Heavyweight Championship in April of that year, he lost the championship to Bruno Sammartino a month on May 17, 1963, after suffering a heart attack a week before the match. Capitol operated the WWWF in a conservative manner compared to other pro wrestling territories: it ran its major arenas monthly rather than weekly or bi-weekly featuring a babyface champion wrestling various heels in programs that consisted of one to three matches.
After gaining a television program deal and hiring Lou Albano as a manager for Sammartino's heel opponents, the WWWF was doing sellout business by 1970. Mondt left Capitol in the late 1960s and although the WWWF had withdrawn from the NWA, Vince McMahon, Sr. re-joined in 1971. Capitol renamed the World Wide Wrestling Federation to the World Wrestling Federation in 1979. Vincent J. McMahon's son, Vincent K. McMahon, his wife Linda, established Titan Sports, Inc. in 1980 in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts. The company was incorporated on February 1980, in the Cape Cod Coliseum offices; the younger McMahon bought Capitol from his father in 1982 seizing control of the company. Seeking to make the WWF the premier wrestling promotion in the country, the world, he began an expansion process that fundamentally changed the wrestling business. At the annual meeting of the NWA in 1983, the McMahons and former Capitol employee Jim Barnett all withdrew from the organization. McMahon worked to get WWF programming on syndicated television all across the United States.
This angered other promoters and disrupted the well-established boundaries of the different wrestling promotions ending the territory system, in use since the founding of the NWA in the 1940s. In addition, the company used income generated by advertising, television deals, tape sales to secure talent from rival promoters. In an interview with Sports Illustrated, McMahon noted: In the old days, there were wrestling fiefdoms all over the country, each with its own little lord in charge; each little lord respected the rights of his neighboring little lord. No takeovers or raids were allowed. There were maybe 30 of these tiny kingdoms in the U. S. and if I hadn't bought out my dad, there would still be 30 of them and struggling. I, of course, had no allegiance to those little lords. McMahon gained significant traction when he hired American Wrestling Association talent Hulk Hogan, who had achieved popularity outside of wrestling, notably for his appearance in the film Rocky III. McMahon signed Roddy Piper as Hogan's rival, shortly afterward Jesse Ventura as an announcer.
Other wrestlers joined the roster, such as Jimmy Snuka, Don Muraco
The Jumping Bomb Angels
The Jumping Bomb Angels were a female Japanese professional wrestling tag team. The members were Itsuki Yamazaki. Noriyo Tateno and Itsuki Yamazaki formed one of the most well-known teams on the Japanese Woman's Wrestling circuit. On January 5, 1986, The Angels defeated Bull Nakano and Condor Saito to win the vacant WWWA World Tag Team Championship. On March 20, 1986, Lioness Asuka & Chigusa Nagayo, the Crush Gals, defeated The Angels to capture the WWWA Tag Team titles. Tateno and Yamazaki entered the World Wrestling Federation in mid-1987 known as "The Jumping Bomb Angels". At the Survivor Series 1987, The Jumping Bomb Angels were the survivors in a women's Survivor Series match. On January 24, 1988 at the Royal Rumble, The Angels beat The Glamour Girls in a two-out-of-three falls match to win the WWF Women's Tag Team Championship. On June 8, 1988, The Glamour Girls defeated The Angels to recapture the WWF Women's Tag Team Championship. All Japan Women's Pro-Wrestling WWWA World Tag Team Championship World Wrestling Federation WWF Women's Tag Team Championship Independent Women's World Tag Team Championship
Ladies Professional Wrestling Association
The Ladies Professional Wrestling Association was a women's professional wrestling promotion which operated in the early 1990s. It was considered a successor to such women's promotions as Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling, but it differed in that, while GLOW slanted more toward WWF-style sports entertainment, the LPWA treated its product and put its primary emphasis on in-ring athletics. Thurston John "Tor" Berg founded. 1989. An incident occurred in March 1991, where Berg promised Jumping Bomb Angels member Noriyo Tateno that he would give her a permanent job in the new company if she retired in Japan and moved to the United States. Berg, however backed out on the deal, Sherri Martel made the incident public; the LPWA produced two television series, The Super Ladies of Wrestling and Ladies Championship Wrestling from 1990 to 1992. Many of their matches were distributed and sold on VHS tapes, they held their first and only pay-per-view, Super Ladies Showdown, on February 23, 1992 before closing down operations shortly after.
Berg planned on promoting a second Super Ladies pay-per-view event in 2000, but the event was canceled. The pay-per-view was scheduled to feature women from around the world, including American wrestlers Debbie Malenko, Sherri Martel, Sweet Destiny and Missy Hyatt. LPWA Super Ladies Showdown was a professional wrestling pay-per-view from the LPWA, it took place on February 1992 from the Mayo Civic Center in Rochester, Minnesota. It was the only PPV from the LPWA; the main event was a match for the LPWA Singles Championship, in which Terri Powers defeated Lady X to win the belt. The event featured a tournament for the LPWA Japanese Championship. Harley Saito became the first holder of the title; the LPWA Championship was a professional wrestling title created in early 1990. The LPWA Japanese Championship was a professional wrestling title created in 1992; the inaugural champion was Harley Saito, who won an eight-woman tournament held during the Super Ladies Showdown pay-per-view event. The LPWA Tag Team Championship was a professional wrestling tag team title created in early 1990.
The LPWA Tag Team Championship was an existing professional wrestling tag team title recognized in early-mid 1990. In 1973, Adrian Street and Miss Linda won the World Mixed Tag Team Championship by defeating Don Kovaks and Suzie Parker in Germany. Street and Linda were still undefeated as champions when they joined the LPWA in 1990 and continued to defend the championships in the promotion. Adrian Street Barry Horowitz Tim Horner Bambi and Malia Hosaka Bad Black and Beautiful The Glamour Girls Locomotion The Mighty Mites The Nasty Girls New Team America Rockin' Robin and Wendi Richter Team America Adnan Al-Kaissie and Sheba Adrian Street and Miss Linda Barry Horowitz and Lisa Starr Tim Horner and Malia Hosaka Commissioner Wally KarboManagers Adnan Al-Kaissie Ashley Kennedy Boogaloo Brown Jonathan Blue Norman "Queen" Christopher Love Announcers Jim Cornette Joe Pedicino Ken Resnik Nick Bockwinkel Sgt. Slaughter Interviewer Boni Blackstone List of women's wrestling promotions Paul. "Sexy Sindy's Unlikely Hold on Female Wrestlingdom".
Washington Post. 6 May 1990 Rowh and William Ray Heitzmann. Careers for Sports Nuts & Other Athletic Types. Chicago: McGraw-Hill Professional, 1997. ISBN 0-8442-4325-6 Official website
Jesse Ventura is an American media personality, author, former politician and retired professional wrestler, who served as the 38th Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003. He was the first and only candidate of the Reform Party to win a major government position, but joined the Green Party of the United States. Ventura was a member of the U. S. Navy Underwater Demolition Team during the Vietnam War. After leaving the military, he embarked on a professional wrestling career from 1975 to 1986, taking the ring name Jesse "The Body" Ventura, he had a long tenure in the World Wrestling Federation as a performer and color commentator, was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame class of 2004. In addition to wrestling, Ventura pursued an acting career, appearing in films such as Predator and The Running Man. Ventura first entered politics in 1991 when he was elected mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, a position he held until 1995. Three years Ventura was the Reform Party candidate in the Minnesota gubernatorial election of 1998, running a low-budget campaign centered on grassroots events and unusual ads that urged citizens not to "vote for politics as usual".
Ventura's campaign was unexpectedly successful, with him narrowly defeating both the Democratic and Republican candidates. The highest elected official to win an election on a Reform Party ticket, Ventura left the Reform Party a year after taking office amid internal fights for control over the party; as governor, Ventura oversaw reforms of Minnesota's property tax as well as the state's first sales tax rebate. Other initiatives taken under Ventura included construction of the METRO Blue Line light rail in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area, cuts in income taxes. Ventura left office in 2003. After leaving office, Ventura became a visiting fellow at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government in 2004, he has since hosted a number of television shows and has written several political books. Ventura remains politically active and hosts a show on Ora TV and on RT America called Off the Grid; as of September 2017, Ventura is hosting a variety news show on RT called The World According to Jesse.
Ventura has floated running for President of the United States on a Green Party ticket. Ventura was born James George Janos on July 15, 1951 in Minneapolis, the son of George William Janos and his wife, Bernice Martha. Both of his parents were World War II veterans. Ventura has an older brother. Ventura has described himself as Slovak-Hungarian. Ventura was raised as a Lutheran. Born in South Minneapolis "by the Lake Street bridge," he attended Cooper Elementary School, Sanford Junior High School, graduated from Roosevelt High School in 1969. Roosevelt High School inducted Ventura into its first hall of fame in September 2014. Ventura served in the United States Navy from December 1, 1969, to September 10, 1975, during the Vietnam War, but did not see combat, he graduated in BUD/S class 58 in December 1970 and was part of Underwater Demolition Team 12. Ventura has referred to his military career in public statements and debates, he was criticized by hunters and conservationists for stating in an interview with the Minneapolis Star Tribune in April 2001, "Until you have hunted men, you haven't hunted yet."
Near the end of his service in the Navy, Ventura began to spend time with the "South Bay" chapter of the Mongols motorcycle club in San Diego. He would ride onto Naval Base Coronado on his Harley-Davidson wearing his Mongol colors. According to Ventura, he was a full-patch member of the club and third-in-command of his chapter, but he never had any problems with the authorities. In the fall of 1974, Ventura left the bike club to return to the Twin Cities. Shortly after that, the Mongols entered into open warfare with the Hells Angels. Ventura attended North Hennepin Community College in Brooklyn Park, Minnesota in suburban Minneapolis during the mid-1970s. At the same time, he began wrestling, he was a bodyguard for The Rolling Stones for a time, before he entered professional wrestling and adopted the wrestling name Jesse Ventura. He created the stage name Jesse "The Body" Ventura to go with the persona of a bully-ish beach bodybuilder, picking the name "Ventura" from a map as part of his "bleach blond from California" gimmick.
As a wrestler, Ventura performed as a heel and used the motto: "Win if you can, lose if you must, but always cheat!" going so far as having himself a T-shirt made with the words printed on the front. Much of his flamboyant persona was adapted from Superstar Billy Graham, a charismatic and popular performer during the 1970s. Years as a broadcaster, Ventura made a running joke out of it claiming that Graham stole all of his ring attire ideas from him. In 1975, Ventura made his debut in the Central States territory, before moving to the Pacific Northwest, where he wrestled for promoter Don Owen as Jesse "The Great" Ventura. During his stay in Portland, Oregon, he had notable feuds with Dutch Savage and Jimmy Snuka and won the Pacific Northwest Wrestling title twice and the tag team title five times, he moved to his hometown promotion, the American Wrestling Association in Minnesota, began teaming with Adrian Adonis as the "East-West Connection" in 1979. In his RF Video shoot in 2012, he revealed that shortly after he arrived in the AWA he was given the nickname "the Body" by Verne Gagne.
The duo won the promotion's World Tag Team Championship
Survivor Series (1987)
Survivor Series was the first Survivor Series professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by the World Wrestling Federation. It took place on Thanksgiving Night, November 26, 1987, was held at the Richfield Coliseum in Richfield Township, Ohio; the main event was a Survivor Series match where André the Giant's team defeated Hulk Hogan's team when André eliminated Hogan's team member Bam Bam Bigelow to become the first lone survivor in the history of the Survivor Series. The entire undercard featured Survivor Series matches which included Randy Savage's team defeating The Honky Tonk Man's team and The Fabulous Moolah's team defeating Sensational Sherri's team; the event featured a 10 tag team elimination match in which Strike Force and their teammates defeated The Hart Foundation's team. The event was added after WrestleMania III, to market the success from Hulk Hogan and André the Giant's rivalry. Vince McMahon threatened cable companies who aired the NWA's Starrcade instead of Survivor Series would not be allowed to broadcast WrestleMania IV.
Most cable providers only a handful aired Starrcade. The main feud heading into Survivor Series included André the Giant, One Man Gang, King Kong Bundy, Butch Reed and Rick Rude against Hulk Hogan, Paul Orndorff, Don Muraco, Ken Patera and Bam Bam Bigelow. In January 1987, Hogan was awarded a trophy for his third year as WWF World Heavyweight Champion while Hogan's best friend André was awarded a smaller trophy than Hogan's, for being undefeated in WWF for 15 years. Hogan congratulated his friend and said that André was the real champion of superstars all around the world. André left the place before Hogan could finish. In February, he came with a new manager Bobby Heenan; when Hogan came to know about that, he begged André not to keep Heenan as his manager because Heenan was Hogan's longtime enemy. André said, he ripped off golden chain, turning heel. This culminated in their historic match at WrestleMania III, where Hogan defeated André to retain the title. During the match, he set a record by scoop slamming the 520-pound Frenchman.
On August 22, 1987 edition of Prime Time Wrestling, Paul Orndorff fired Bobby Heenan as his manager when he came to know that Heenan had brought in a new wrestler Rick Rude to replace Orndorff. Orndorff appointed Oliver Humperdink as his manager to feud with Rude. Superstar Billy Graham got involved in a feud with Butch Reed, culminating in a match between the duo. One Man Gang interfered in a match. Don Muraco came to the rescue of Graham and Graham, scheduled to participate in the main event of the first-ever Survivor Series retired due to an attack by One Man Gang. Muraco replaced him. Ken Patera got involved in a feud with Bobby Heenan and The Heenan Family and turned babyface, was chosen to be the fourth member on Hogan's team. Many heel managers wanted to manage Bam Bam Bigelow, but Bigelow chose Oliver Humperdink as his manager thus making his WWF debut as a babyface, he became a part of Hogan's team. Randy Savage had been a heel since his WWF debut in the summer of 1985, he turned babyface in late 1987, after WWF Intercontinental Heavyweight Champion The Honky Tonk Man claimed to be the greatest Intercontinental Heavyweight Champion.
This led to a feud between Honky, leading to Savage's face turn. On October 3, 1987 edition of Saturday Night's Main Event, Savage challenged Honky for the title winning by disqualification; the title remained with Honky because a title cannot change hands by a DQ. Harley Race had won the 1986 King of the Ring tournament and was so proud about this that he called himself King Harley Race and wore a crown and cape to the ring. Jim Duggan did not agree with the fact and this placed Duggan and Race into a feud, with Duggan winning most of the matches. Jake Roberts feuded with Honky Tonk Man after Honky hit a guitar on Roberts on an edition of Snake Pit, completing Roberts' babyface turn. A match was booked for Survivor Series featuring Savage, Ricky Steamboat, Brutus Beefcake and Duggan against Honky, Danny Davis, Ron Bass and Race; the major ongoing tag team feud pitted the villainous Hart Foundation. Tito Santana and Rick Martel formed Strike Force in the summer of 1987 after Santana rescued Martel from a beating by The Islanders.
Strike Force became a top contender for the WWF Tag Team Championship, held by the Hart Foundation, on October 28, 1987, Strike Force won the titles when Neidhart was trapped in Martel's Boston crab. The first match of the first Survivor Series was the first Survivor Series elimination match. Randy Savage, Jake Roberts, Ricky Steamboat, Brutus Beefcake, Jim Duggan faced WWF Intercontinental Heavyweight Champion The Honky Tonk Man, Danny Davis, Ron Bass, Harley Race. Savage's team was seconded by his wife Miss Elizabeth while Honky's team was seconded by Bobby Heenan and Jimmy Hart. Beefcake and Hercules started off before Race were tagged in. Duggan knocked Race out of the ring and followed him out where they brawled and both men were counted out and eliminated, leaving four men on each team. Beefcake hit a high knee on Bass, went on to eliminate him. Team captain Honky himself joined the match and hit his Shake and Roll on Beefcake and eliminated him, evening the match at three all. Roberts hit a DDT on Davis and only two men remained in Honky's team and Hercules.
Savage hit the Sava
WWF Women's Tag Team Championship
The WWF Women's Tag Team Championship was a women's professional wrestling tag team title in the World Wrestling Federation. The belief its holders were considered world champions was expressed by Jesse Ventura, an announcer for some of its defenses. Velvet McIntyre and Princess Victoria were recognized as the inaugural champions when they came to the promotion in 1983 as the NWA Women's World Tag Team Champions; the final champions were The Glamour Girls when the titles were abandoned in 1989. In 1983, the team of Velvet McIntyre and Princess Victoria joined the World Wrestling Federation as the reigning NWA Women's World Tag Team Champions. However, the WWF had since withdrawn from the National Wrestling Alliance, which owned the championship; the WWF decided to recognize McIntyre and Victoria as the first WWF Women's Tag Team Champions. After six years, the tag team titles were abandoned in 1989, with The Glamour Girls as the final champions; this happened due to the lack of tag teams in the women's division, a lack of female performers in general.
During the December 24, 2018, episode of Monday Night Raw, WWE Chairman/CEO Vince McMahon announced that a new Women's Tag Team Championship would be introduced in 2019, however, it does not carry the lineage of the original. Over the course of the championship's six-year history, there were 5 reigns between 4 championship teams, 7 individual champions; the inaugural championship team was Princess Victoria. The Glamour Girls had the most reigns as a team at two, while individually, Martin, McIntyre had the most reigns at two; the Glamour Girls' first reign was the longest reign at 909 days, they had the longest combined reign at 1,157 days. The Jumping Bomb Angels had the shortest reign at 136 days. McIntyre was the youngest champion when she was awarded the inaugural championship at 20 years old, while the oldest was Martin when she won the championship at 32 for her second reign. WWF Women's Tag Team Title History