Karumba is a town and locality in the Shire of Carpentaria, Australia. At the 2006 census, Karumba had a population of 518. Karumba is in the Gulf Country region of Queensland, 71 kilometres by road from Normanton and 2,159 kilometres from the state capital, Brisbane. Karumba is within the Shire of Carpentaria, the administrative headquarters of, in Normanton; the town is sited at the mouth of the Norman River, enjoys the distinction of being the only town along the southern Gulf of Carpentaria, within sight of the Gulf itself. The rare Morning Glory cloud rolls through Karumba in the early hours of some mornings in September and October; the settlement was known as Norman Mouth and Kimberley. The toponym derives from the Kareldi native name, who were the indigenous landholders of this area before the onset of white colonization and expropriation; this name was used for the township by the 1880s. Karumba Post Office opened on 22 August 1889 and closed in 1919. Given its access to the Gulf of Carpentaria, the town's economy has revolved around fishing.
The prawn industry expanded in the 1960s. In the late 1930s the town was a refueling and maintenance stop for the flying boats of the Qantas Empire Airways. No. 43 Squadron of the RAAF operated Consolidated PBY Catalina flying boats from the town between June 1943 and April 1944. Karumba State School opened in September 1968. Karumba Public Library was opened in 1979; the region is mentioned in the song "Every Passing Day" by Australian band, Goanna, on their album Oceania. The Red Hot Chili Peppers song "Animal Bar" from their 2006 album Stadium Arcadium is about Karumba, it is named. The Karumba port services the Century Zinc Mine as well as fishing industry. Karumba has a public library in Walker Street, visitor information centre, bowls club, golf course, swimming pool, a sports centre; the Carpentaria Shire Council operates a public library at Walker Street. Karumba has a tropical savanna climate with two distinct seasons; the “Wet” lasts from December to March and is hot and humid, with wet bulb temperatures above 27 °C or 80.6 °F during the afternoons.
Most roads during the “Wet” are closed by heavy rain, which can exceed 250 millimetres or 9.84 inches in a day due to the passage of tropical cyclones or monsoonal depressions which provide most of the rain. On occasions, however, as with all of Queensland the wet season may fail completely and produce less than 350 millimetres in a full season; the “Dry” lasts from April to the middle of November and is much more comfortable due to lower humidity and milder morning temperatures. This period of the year is bone dry and completely cloudless: median rainfall is nil between May and September and over twenty days each month are clear. Karumba Airport University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Karumba morningglorycloud.com has video of the Gulf of Carpentaria region and the Morning Glory Cloud Carpentaria Shire Council homepage General information from the Sydney Morning Herald Town map of Karumba, 1979
Carpentaria is a coastal locality in the Shire of Carpentaria, Australia. In the 2016 census, Carpentaria had a population of 14 people; the locality is on the southern coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria. It is part of the Gulf Country; the Burketown Normanton Road passes through the locality from the south-east to the south-west. The name derives from the Gulf of Carpentaria, a name used on Dutch charts since 1700. There are no schools in Carpentaria; the nearest schools are in Burketown. There are no schools offering secondary Years 12 in the area. Media related to Carpentaria, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons
Normanton railway station, Queensland
Normanton railway station is a heritage-listed railway station at Matilda Street, Shire of Carpentaria, Australia. It was built in 1889, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992. It serves as a tourist station for the Gulflander line; the railway complex at Normanton consists of the major buildings of an important inland railway terminus of the Normanton to Croydon railway line connecting the port of Normanton with the goldfield at Croydon. A railway line between Normanton and Cloncurry had been discussed as early as 1883 and was approved by Queensland Parliament in 1886; this was a difficult stretch for carriers and a rail link would have been valuable to pastoral stations in the area and would have served the Cloncurry Copper Mine. It was at the time intended to link the new line with the Great Northern Railway connecting Charters Towers and the important port of Townsville. However, in November 1885 a major gold strike was reported at Belmore Station, 145 kilometres east of Normanton and by the end of 1886 the population of the Croydon field was 2000 and 6000 in the following year.
Transportation was a major problem and access to this field became more important than the link to Cloncurry. It was decided to divert the line to Croydon. Tenders were called in July 1887 and the first section to Haydon began in May 1888; the work was designed and supervised by George Phillips and this section opened on 7 May 1889. The current route of the line was finalised in 1889 and reached Croydon on 7 July 1891, opening on the 20 July. In 1867 Phillips had taken part in the exploration of the country around Normanton with William Landsborough, working for him a surveyor. Soon afterwards, he surveyed the area chosen as a port to become the town of Normanton; the country was difficult for conventional railway tracks due to flooding, lack of suitable timber and voracious termites. In 1884 Phillips patented a system for taking railways across such country which utilised special U section steel sleepers laid directly on the ground. During floods the line could be submerged without washing out the ballast and embankments used, so that it could be put back into service when the waters subsided.
The steel sleepers were impervious to termite attack, although more expensive than timber sleepers, were cheaper to lay and maintain. It was this system, specified for the Normanton to Croydon line and Phillips was engaged to supervise the construction. After the railway was completed he maintained an interest in the area, serving as Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Carpentaria, inspecting artesian bores and writing a report on ports and railways in 1909; the station building and carriage shade were designed under Phillips direction by James Gartside, a draftsman for the department. And were built about 1889; the line was opened in 1891. At its peak, the complex at Normanton consisted of a station building containing a telegraph office, station master's and traffic manager's offices, clerks' room, waiting room and cloak room, booking office, a ladies' room with a ramp to ladies-only earth closets. Attached to the station building, sheltering the platform and three tracks, was an arcaded carriage shade with a curved roof.
The terminus had a large goods shed with a crane and because the line was isolated, a workshop area comprising a maintenance store, suspense stores, a timber shed, locomotive store, fitting shop, carpenter's and blacksmith's shops, timber shed and engine shed.. There was a horse and carriage dock, porters' and lamp rooms, a tool house nearby. Residences for the station master and guard were located south-east of Landsborough St; the traffic manager's house and stables adjoined where the wharf line departed for the Margaret and Jane landing on the Norman River. The goldfield at Croydon did not sustain its initial success. By the early 1900s its output had dropped and after World War I when widespread mining diminished, it was obvious that the field would not recover. Traffic on the line was never high and declined, although its value as a community service and a vital link during the wet season kept the line open; this was because the Phillips system worked well and the track could be put back into use immediately after flooding, whereas roads stayed impassable for much longer.
The track took less maintenance than standard track because in the early 1920s the number of services and staff were reduced. In the 1930s, all weather roads made the railway less important, but until the late 1960s the rail remained a vital transport link in the area; the terminus now functions as a tourist attraction. One railmotor was restored and named the "Gulflander" in 1978. Although the line used steam locomotives, supplying enough suitable water for them locomotives was a problem from the beginning on this line and trains carried water trucks. Railmotors were more economical to run, so in 1922 the first railmotor, a Panhard, was tried on this route. In 1929 steam locomotives were discontinued and railmotors only were used. Diesel locomotives supplemented these in the 1980s; some of the working buildings at the terminus deteriorated and were removed including the workshops and blacksmiths, though the sites can be still plainly seen. The buildings at Normanton railway station are located at the edge of the town on a level site which makes the buildings stand out against the skyline.
The surviving buildings comprise the station building with its attached carriage shade, the goods shed, water tank, vertical boiler and some modern buildings such as the Officer in Charge's house at the Landsboro
The Norman River is a river in the Gulf Country, Australia. The river originates in the Gregory Range 200 km southeast of Croydon and flows 420 km northwest to the Gulf of Carpentaria, it is joined by three major tributaries, the Carron and Yappar Rivers. The river flows through Normanton before entering the Gulf of Carpentaria through the major fishing port of Karumba; the mouth of the river lies in the Gulf Plains Important Bird Area. The record flood of the river occurred in 1974, cresting at 8.8 metres in Normanton and causing the inundation of the town. The river's catchment area covers 50,445 m². There are two water storage facilities along the river, Belmore Creek Dam and Glenore Weir, totaling 4,350 ML in capacity. List of rivers of Australia Flood Warning System for the Norman River. Australian Bureau of Meteorology
Division of Kennedy
The Division of Kennedy is an Australian Electoral Division in Queensland. The division was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election, it is named after Edmund Kennedy, an explorer in the area where the division is located in Queensland. The member since 1993 is Bob Katter Jr. the leader of Katter's Australian Party. He was elected as a member of the National Party, but became an independent in 2001 before forming his own party in 2011. Geographically, the electorate is rural, it takes in the Pacific coast of Queensland between Cairns and Townsville, including a small portion of Cairns itself, before sweeping westward to take in most of Queensland's northern outback—a large sparsely populated area stretching west to the border with the Northern Territory. The largest population centre in the electorate is the city of Mount Isa, in its far west; until 1949, it was larger, encompassing most of the state north of Townsville, becoming still larger when it absorbed Cairns in 1934.
However, much of its northern portion, including the Cairns area, became the Division of Leichhardt in 1949. Kennedy was held by the Australian Labor Party for most of the first half of the 20th century, was one of the few country seats where Labor did well. From Federation until 1966, Labor held it for all but two terms. However, since 1966 it has been held by the conservative Katter family—Bob Sr. and his son, Bob Jr.—for all but one term. It has long since shaken off its Labor past, is now considered one of the most conservative electorates in Australia. A few Labor pockets still exist in Mount Isa, represented by Labor at the state level as late as 2012, as well as around Cairns and Townsville. However, they are no match for the conservative bent of the rest of the seat. Besides the Katters, other prominent members include Charles McDonald, the first Labor Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives, Bill Riordan, a minister in the Chifley government; the seat has been held by two father-son combinations.
Darby Riordan held the seat from 1929 until his death in 1936. His son, won the seat at the ensuing by-election and held it until his retirement in 1966. Bob Katter Sr. won it in the 1966 Coalition landslide, holding it until 1990. His son and current member, Bob Jr. defeated his father's successor, Rob Hulls, in 1993. Hulls would become Deputy Premier of Victoria. At the 2013 election, sitting member Bob Jr. faced his first serious contest in two decades. He'd gone into the election holding Kennedy with a margin of 18 percent, making Kennedy the second-safest seat in Australia. However, Liberal National candidate Noeline Ikin was well ahead on the primary vote by 10,000 votes. Katter narrowly won another term on Labor preferences. However, he suffered a swing of 17 percent. Katter did not however face a rematch against Ikin at the 2016 election due to her having a brain tumour which forced her out of the election. At that election, Katter picked up a swing of nine percent, making it a safe seat once again.
Division of Kennedy — Australian Electoral Commission
Burketown is an isolated town and locality in the far north-western Shire of Burke, Australia. It is located 898km west of Cairns on the Albert River and Savannah Way in the area known as the Gulf Savannah; the town is the administrative centre of the vast Burke Shire Council. In the 2011 census, Burketown had a population of 201 people. On 2 August 1841, Captain J. Lort Stokes discovered the mouth of a river he named the "Albert" after Prince Albert, the Queens consort. Stokes' party ascended the river for a distance of 50 river miles in a long boat in a search of fresh water. Having followed a bumper wet season Stokes was greeted by endless grassy plains, which he named "The Plains of Promise" after a day of exploration; the area was named for the'Plains of Promise' or'Province of Albert' after Prince Albert, the Queen's Consort in 1841. Burketown was named in honour of explorer Robert O'Hara Burke, who died shortly after making the first recorded successful south-north crossing of the continent in 1860-1.
The first European settlers arrived in the local region not long after Burke and partner William John Wills' expedition. By the mid-1860s, several cattle stations - including Gregory Downs and Donors Hill - had been founded inland from the present site of Burketown. Burketown was formally established in 1865 by Robert Towns, chiefly to serve as a port and supply centre for his extensive properties in the Gulf country. Towns chartered a small vessel the Jacmel Packet and on 12 June 1865 it arrived off the mouth of the Albert River; the goods were landed on the present site of Burketown. Towns, a prominent Sydney pastoralist and financier established Townsville in the same year. By September 1865 the population was about 40 and by October a store and a hotel were under construction, the balance of buildings were humpies. Rations and grog were plentiful but one evil was noted: prices for goods were so high that some intended settlers could not stay; the town grew. These were in the form of IOU's hand printed on tissue paper so that they had as short a life as possible.
In February 1866 Lieutenant Wentworth D'Arcy UHR with 8 troopers and accompanied by William Landsborough, the first Police Magistrate, rode into Burketown where everyone carried a pistol and where a successful shop keeper could ride well, shoot well and be an able pugilist. The pioneer spirit was indomitable and the first official race meeting was held 25 July 1866 with prize money at $200. In October 1868 Towns and Co traded wool, tallow and skins between Sweers Island and Batavia. Burketown Post Office opened on 1 July 1866, closed in 1871 and reopened in 1883. In the same year, settlement of the region was assisted by the arrival of the Native Police. Massacres of local Aboriginal people soon followed; as the Burketown correspondent of the Port Dennison Times reported on 4 June 1868, "everybody in the district is delighted with the wholesale slaughter dealt out by the native police". The newspaper paid "thanks" to those involved in "ridding the district of fifty-nine myalls" or local Aboriginal people.
At first, hopes the town would develop into a major settlement in north-western Queensland were high. At the first land sale on 14 August 1867, 75 allotments were sold. However, from 1866 tropical diseases ravaged the population; the vessel "Margaret and Mary" from Sydney came into port rife with "The Fever". Between 25 and 50 people died - the majority of the crew and passengers - including the Captain's wife. Landsborough evacuated many survivors to Sweers Island for a period of 18 months, where a further two died and were buried on the Island; the town was devastated by a tropical cyclone on 5 March 1887 which flooded all of Burketown. Only the highest part of town, near where the Council Office is located, escaped the waters from the Gulf of Carpentaria. A copy of a 1918 report to the Queensland Parliament from the Department of Harbours and Rivers Engineers refers to the sea rising to 5.5 metres above the highest spring tide level at the Albert River Heads. This level is about 8 metres above Australian Height Datum.
Seven people of the population of 138 died in the cyclone. Burketown's population peaked at 265 in 1911. Burketown has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Burketown: Landsborough Tree Musgrave Street: Former Burketown Post Office Truganinni Road: Boiling Down Works 150 kilometres West-Northwest of Burketown: Old Westmoreland Homestead Burketown is located 2,115 kilometres to the north west of the state capital, with the nearest larger town being Normanton, 227 kilometres to the east, the nearest city being Mount Isa, 425 kilometres to the south; the town is 30 kilometres inland from the Gulf of Carpentaria. Burketown has a semi-arid climate, though bordering on a tropical savanna climate, characterised by hot and wet summers and warm dry winters. December is the hottest month, with average maximum temperatures rising to 35.4 °C. Rainfall is minimal from April to November, but from December to March monthly rainfalls of over 500 millimetres and daily falls over 250 millimetres are not rare.
Flooding associated with the passage of a tropical cyclone isolates the community for months, whilst failure of the summer rains can be extreme — for instance in the 1901/1902 wet season no more than 172 millimetres fell and the drought caused the death of millions of cattle. From the months of August to November, a rare meteorological phenomenon kn
Stokes is a locality in the Shire of Carpentaria, Australia. In the 2016 census, Stokes had a population of 84 people; the Leichhardt River forms the western boundary of the locality. Together with the Alexandra River, the Cloncurry River, the Flinders River and the Saxby River and numerous creeks, they all flow from south to north through the locality; the Alexandra River becomes a tributary of the Leichhardt River at the north-western point of the locality and the Cloncurry River and Saxby Rivers both become tributaries of the Flinders River in the north-east of the locality, leaving only the Leichhardt and Flinders Rivers to continue to flow into the Gulf of Carpentaria to the north. The Burke Developmental Road passes through the locality from north-east to south; the Wills Developmental Road passes through the south-west of the locality. The roads intersect at the neighbouring locality of Four Ways to the south; the land is used for pastoral leases and is flat at 50 metres above sea level.
The flatness of the land gives emphasis to a hill locally known as Bang Bang Jump Up on the Burke Developmental Road as it is the only sudden change in elevation within a long distance and is of interest to tourists both as a lookout over the surrounding countryside and because they find the name amusing. The locality is named after John Lort Stokes, commanding officer of HMS Beagle from 1841 to 1846