North Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)

The North Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, in California, United States. The largest city is Santa Rosa, the fifth-largest city in the Bay Area, it is the location of the Napa and Sonoma wine regions, is the least populous and least urbanized part of the Bay Area. It consists of Marin, Napa and Sonoma counties; the North Bay is connected to San Francisco by the Golden Gate Bridge and to the East Bay by the Richmond–San Rafael Bridge, Carquinez Bridge and the Benicia–Martinez Bridge. Several ferry routes operate between the North Bay and San Francisco, from terminals located in Angel Island, Sausalito and Vallejo; the Sonoma–Marin Area Rail Transit, a commuter rail line from Larkspur to Cloverdale, was approved by voters in November 2008. Passenger service began between the Sonoma County Airport station and San Rafael in August 2017 and was completed as far south as Larkspur in 2019; the area is said to have been populated by Pomo Native Americans before European intervention. The Russians first settled the area at Fort Ross as a fur-trading post, but the area was settled by the Spanish-Mexican Alta California.

The Bear Flag Revolt took place in the town of Sonoma, the location of the last of the California Missions. General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, the last secretary to the Governor of California before its annexation to the United States, kept his home in Sonoma; the North Bay remained rural well into the 20th Century. The opening of the Golden Gate Bridge in the 1930s transformed Marin County from a dairy farming region into an upscale suburban area; until the 1990s, the region's growth was at a gradual pace, with significant restrictions on development being imposed in Marin and Napa Counties in the 1970s. The largest city in the North Bay is Santa Rosa, with a population of 175,000. Other major cities include: Vallejo 121,000 Fairfield 116,000 Vacaville 100,000 Napa 80,000 Petaluma 60,000 San Rafael 59,000 Novato 56,000 North Coast AVA North Coast San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge

Derbies in the League of Ireland

There are many derbies in the League of Ireland, despite the fact that more teams compete in the First Division, the majority are played in the Premier Division, the top flight of Irish football. Founded in 1921 the League of Ireland is the national association football league of the Republic of Ireland. Formed by the Football Association of Ireland out of split with the Irish Football Association for first 65 years it consisted of a single division but since the mid 1980s it has expanded into a two tier system with a Premier Division and First Division. Most derbies in the league occur due to close geographical proximity, with a number of clubs based in Dublin. However, there are many rivalries between other city clubs outside the capital such as Cork City vs Limerick and Drogheda United vs Dundalk; these clubs maintain rivalries with the Dublin-based clubs. The earliest rivalry contested was between Bohemian and Shelbourne, Dublin based clubs who played in the Belfast dominated Irish Football League from the early 1900s to 1920.

After the foundation of the League of Ireland in 1921 this rivalry continued along with newly formed rivalries between Shamrock Rovers and St James' Gate, with the four clubs winning all of the league's first eleven titles between them. In the 1950s and 1960s matches between North Dublin-based Drumcondra and South Dublin based Shamrock Rovers became the premier event in leagues calendar until the Drums went out of business in 1972. While outside of Dublin Cork Celtic and Cork Hibernians enjoyed a rivalry in the 1960s. Today the Bohemians-Shamrock Rovers fixture is considered the main rivalry in the league by the media. There are important non-geographical rivalries such as Cork City and Shelbourne in the 2000s, or Shamrock Rovers and Sligo Rovers in the 2010s which stem from title battles. League of Ireland sides have rivalries with their Northern Irish club counterparts and have met in cross-border competitions, the latest being the Setanta Sports Cup, they can meet in European Qualifying Rounds, this has happened on four occasions in the European Cup/Champions League with Waterford United overcoming Glentoran in 1970-71, Dundalk beating Linfield in 1979-80, Shamrock Rovers losing to Linfield in 1984-85 and Shelbourne defeating Glentoran in 2005-06.

With six Dublin based clubs competing in the league and a number of defunct clubs over the years the city of Dublin hosts a large amount of derbies each season. The biggest rivalry in the league. Following the demise of Drumcondra in the 1960s, Bohemians became the only major club from the Northside of Dublin, automatically coming into conflict with southsiders, Shamrock Rovers. Over the decades, the rivalry has been fierce both on and off the field, with disturbances breaking out before and after fixtures, resulting in an excessive Garda presence at games; the attendances at the game had been declining for thirty years, but attendances unexpectedly rose in 2009 due to Rovers moving into Tallaght Stadium and Bohs' status as league champions, with the attendance at one game tripling on the previous encounter. The rivalry features elements of the North-South cultural divide that exists in the city with the Northside seen as working class, while the Eastern Southside is seen as middle class. In 2016 during an away 4-0 for Rovers, fans from both side invaded the pitch, fighting was reported with the Garda Public Order unit intervening.

The oldest derby in the league, the two are the only still functioning clubs from the original 1922 League of Ireland season and dominated early pre-Irish Republic league football. Today they are the second and third most successful league sides and while the rivalry receded over the years at the start of the 2000s it reached its most heated as the two became the best clubs in the country winning between each other six consecutive titles. Ahead of the final game of the 2004 season free spending Shelbourne chairman Ollie Byrne announced the capture of three key Bohemians players live on RTÉ angering many Bohs fans who saw it as a tactic of buying up the opposition. After Byrne's death and Shelbourne's subsequent relegation due to financial insecurities Bohemians signed a number of Shelbourne players; the rivalry is significant as their home grounds in North Dublin are the closest to each other of any clubs in the league at just under two miles apart. Shelbourne based at Tolka Park in Drumcondra and Bohemians at Dalymount Park in Phibsboro and while the game is referred as the Northside derby Shelbourne were formed in Ringsend in South Dublin and only moved to Tolka Park in 1989, this adds to the feud as they are seen as moving to Bohs territory.

Despite the move to Tolka coinciding with a revival in Shels fortunes they have struggled to attract significant support on the Northside with only Marino and East Wall being seen as stronger bases for supporting Shels over Bohs. A growing rivalry due to the proximity of the two clubs since Shamrock Rovers' move to Tallaght in 2009. Sometimes called the'Luas Derby' as both Inchicore and Tallaght are served by the Red Luas line. Noted as one of the more colourful derby, with both clubs main fan group being formed in 2001 before others in the league. Traditionally class divisions may have played a part with Rovers based in the rather affluent Milltown and Pat's in Inchicore, an area of high deprivation, today Rovers play in the more diverse Tallaght. Sometimes referred to as The Red Dublin derby due to the similar shirts they wear. Duri

Arthur Sanders (RAF officer)

Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Penrose Martyn Sanders, was a Royal Flying Corps pilot during the First World War and a senior Royal Air Force commander during the Second World War and the immediate post-war years. Born the son of a clergyman Henry Martyn Sanders and his wife Maud Mary, Sanders was educated at Haileybury before undergoing officer training at Sandhurst. Sanders was commissioned into the Northumberland Fusiliers in April 1916 but transferred to the Royal Flying Corps a few weeks later, he was a pilot in May 1917 was wounded in a dogfight with German aircraft. As a result, he managed to land his aircraft; as result of his disability, Sanders was appointed to junior staff officer duties in the latter part of the war. On 1 April 1918, Sanders was transferred to the Royal Air Force along with his fellow Flying Corps officers. Sanders made steady progress through the ranks, he served in a variety of staff and instructional roles, notably serving on the air staff of Aden Command in 1932 and 1933.

He was promoted to group captain just prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. During the Second World War, he first served on the staff of the RAF staff College where he was responsible for planning the first wartime course. In 1940 Sanders was appointed the Director of Ground Defence at the Air Ministry and his work was in part responsible for the establishment of the RAF Regiment in 1942. In late 1942 Sanders was appointed Assistant Chief of Staff at the Allied Force Headquarters and in January 1943 he took up post at Air Officer Administration at Bomber Command. After the war Sanders served as the Commandant of the RAF staff College at Bracknell before spending much of 1948 as Air Officer Commanding in Chief of British Air Forces of Occupation, he served as Vice Chief of the Air Staff and Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. In May 1952 Sanders became Commander in Chief of the RAF's Middle East Air Force before his final tour as Commandant of the Imperial Defence College, he retired on 29 January 1956