The North China Plain is based on the deposits of the Yellow River and is the largest alluvial plain of China. The plain is bordered on the north by the Yanshan Mountains and on the west by the Taihang Mountains, the Yellow River flows through the middle of the plain into Bohai Sea. The North China Plain extends over much of Henan, Hebei, and merges with the Yangtze delta in northern Jiangsu and Anhui provinces. The Yellow River meanders over the fertile, densely populated plain emptying into the Bohai Sea, the plain is one of Chinas most important agricultural regions, producing corn, sorghum, winter wheat, vegetables, and cotton. Its nickname is Land of the yellow earth, the southern part of the plain is traditionally referred to as the Central Plain, which formed the cradle of Chinese civilization. The plain covers an area of about 409,500 square kilometers and this flat yellow-soil plain is the main area of sorghum, millet, maize, and Kaleb Cotten production in China. Wheat, sesame seed, and peanuts are grown here. The plain is one of the most densely populated regions in the world, beijing, the national capital, is located on the northeast edge of the plain, with Tianjin, an important industrial city and commercial port, near its northeast coast. Shengli Oilfield in Shandong is an important petroleum base and it is also home to the Yellow River. The geography of the North China Plain has had cultural and political implications. Unlike areas to the south of the Yangtze, the plain generally runs uninterrupted by mountains and has far fewer rivers, as a result, the spoken language is relatively uniform in contrast to the plethora of languages and dialects in southern China. In addition the possibility of communication has meant that the political center of China has tended to be located here. Although the soil of the North China Plain is fertile, the weather is unpredictable, being at the intersection of humid winds from the Pacific and this makes the plain prone to both floods and drought. Moreover, the flatness of the plain promotes massive flooding when river works are damaged
The North China Plain is the area surrounding the lower Yellow River and its Tributaries, as well as the empty steppe to the North.
The North China Plain is shown in dark. The Yellow River is shown as "Río Amarillo".