Conham is a suburb of the city of Bristol in England. It lies near Hanham on the north bank of the River Avon just outside the city boundaries in South Gloucestershire; the Conham Ferry is a small passenger ferry which operates across the river from Conham to Broomhill. The Conham River Park lies in a loop of the River Avon, forms part of the Avon Valley Woodlands. Conham at Streetmap.co.uk
Emersons Green is a town and parish in the unitary authority of South Gloucestershire just to the north of Bristol, England. It was developed from farming land during the 1990s and early 21st century, sits within the historic parish of Mangotsfield. Coal was mined from the area during the 19th century. To the south there is a quarry, reactivated. A science and technology park, in conjunction with Bristol University and University of the West of England, named Bristol & Bath Science Park, has been built on an area of land adjacent to the M4 motorway and the A4174 ringroad. Construction of the £300 million Bristol and Bath Science Park began in early 2010. A link road connecting the M4 to the Avon ring road has now been considered a necessary addition to the area, to accommodate the increase in traffic due to the science park, it was opened in September 2011 and is expected to create 6,000 new jobs within the science and technology sector, when it is completed in 2020. Emersons Green was until 1927 a hamlet in the civil parish of Mangotsfield.
From 1927 to 2015 it was in the civil parish of Mangotsfield Rural. The parish was renamed Emersons Green in 2015 and enlarged by the addition of areas of the civil parishes of Pucklechurch and Westerleigh; the parish council elected to be known as Emersons Green Town Council. The parish has four wards: Badminton, Blackhorse and Emersons Green itself The boundaries of the parish were adjusted to take in the housing development at Lyde Green, the Science Park; the M4 motorway is now the north eastern boundary. Lyde Green is a new development within South Gloucestershire, farmland, its transformation into housing began in the mid 2010s. It is built to the east of Emersons Green. Emersons Green Town Council
Cribbs Causeway is a road in South Gloucestershire, just north of Bristol, which has given its name to the surrounding area, a large out-of-town shopping centre, including retail parks and an enclosed shopping centre known as The Mall. Cribbs Causeway road is situated west of Patchway; the road runs from the northern edge of Bristol at Henbury to a point just beyond the M5 junction 17. It now forms parts of the A4018 and B4055; the primary access routes to the shopping centre are the A4018 from Bristol, the M5 motorway and Hayes Way link to the A38. The Hazel Brook rises at Cribbs Causeway, flowing southwards through Blaise Castle estate, before joining the River Trym; the name of the road is said to owe its name to Tom Cribb, a famous bare-knuckle boxer from the Bristol area. However, this was proved wrong in the 1960s by the discovery of a map showing the current name dated to four years prior to his 1781 birth; the book's author goes on to speculate that the true origin of the name may be from Crybe's dwelling, or from crib – a manger or hovel.
But all that we can glean from this is that the causeway - i.e. the Roman road - was named for a family with the surname Cribb. This local family was also commemorated in the smallholding called Crybescroft which existed in Henbury in 1281. Cribbs Causeway is believed to be the route of a Roman road from Sea Mills to Gloucester, it became the route of a turnpike from Bristol to New Passage. In the 20th century it was part of the main road from Bristol to the Aust Ferry, until the Severn Bridge opened in 1966. In the early 1960s it was upgraded to an A road, linked with the New Filton Bypass to the A38 north of Patchway. In 1971 the New Filton Bypass was incorporated into the M5 motorway, the motorway junction transformed the area. In 1976 Carrefour was granted planning permission to build a hypermarket near the junction. Development of retail parks followed, in 1998 the Mall was opened; the Mall comprises 130 shops on two levels. Major stores include anchor-tenants John Lewis and Partners and Marks & Spencer, plus Boots, H&M, River Island and Topshop/Topman.
During 2013, the centre housed the Gromit Unleashed Exhibition and Store and hosted the charity auction that took place after the arts trial had concluded. Global corporations can be found in The Mall and include retailers such as Apple Inc, Bose Corporation and Tesla Motors; the food court is located on the upper level and is home to various chain outlets such as: KFC, McDonald's, Carluccio's, Pizza Hut, Nando's, Krispy Kreme and others. At its centre point The Mall has a large fountain with a water display. Money thrown into the fountain is donated to local charities, the company reports it raises in excess of £10,000 a year for local charities; the fountain has many copper pipes that pump water out in repeated patterns and either into the middle, or towards the middle, where another pipe shoots water high into the air every 5–10 minutes at 10 – 15 metres. The height of the water jet is adjustable to prevent any object, hanging from above, from getting wet. To celebrate the Mall's tenth anniversary, the company announced a five million pound refurbishment of the food court, completed in two stages with completion in May 2009.
As of 2018, The Mall is owned by M&G Real Estate and JT Baylis. The primary access routes are the M5 Junction 17, Hayes Way to the A38 and A4018; the Mall is one of the major shopping centres in the Bristol area, the other being Broadmead, the location of The Galleries and Cabot Circus. It should not be confused with shopping centres owned by The Mall Fund which are branded as The Mall and the town or city name. M&S HMV-Formerly Zavvi And Virgin Megastore H&M Boots WH Smith John Lewis and Partners New Look Joules Gap Gap Kids Gap Body Baby Gap Next Apple The two retail parks are warehouse style shops with entrances from outside. Cribbs Causeway Retail Park is a group of large shops off Lysander Road containing Argos, Currys PC World Megastore, Magnet Kitchens, Next Home, Oak Furniture Land, SCS, Smyths and Wren Kitchens. Nearby is Centaurus Retail Park containing Carpetright, Halfords, Maplin Electronics, T. K. Maxx, B&M. Other large stores include the United Kingdom's first Asda WalMart Supercentre, built by the French hypermarket chain Carrefour in the late 1970s.
When Carrefour pulled out of the UK it sold all of its stores, including the Bristol hypermarket, to the Dee Corporation which owned the Gateway store chain. Gateway sold all of its large format stores to Asda in 1989, it became an Asda hypermarket. After the sale of Asda by its management to Walmart in July 1999, it became the first Asda Wal*Mart Supercentre in July 2000; the store has since had yet another major refurbishment and has been rebranded as an Asda Supercentre and the Walmart branding has been removed. This is the location of the first Morrisons supermarket in the south west of England which opened in September 2003. There is a B&Q DIY store which houses a Furniture Village, DFS, Toys "R" Us and Wickes. On Hollywood Lane, which passes under the M5 motorway, is the Cribbs Business Centre. A Bang & Olufsen store is located on Cribbs Causeway and Topps Tiles is locat
Bitton is a village and civil parish in South Gloucestershire, England, in the east of the Greater Bristol area on the River Boyd. It is in the far south of the South Gloucestershire district, near the border with Bath and North East Somerset; the parish of Bitton has a population of 9,307, apart from the village itself, includes Swineford, Upton Cheyney, Oldland Common, North Common and part of Willsbridge. An electoral ward with the same name exists; this ward does not cover as much of the outskirts of Bristol as the parish. The total population of the ward taken at the 2011 census is 3,509; the A431 road runs through the village. Beyond Bitton the road routes north-west to south-east to Kelston; the heritage Avon Valley Railway terminates at Bitton railway station. The National Cycle Network Bristol & Bath Railway Path runs alongside the railway. Bitton A. F. C. are the local football team and Bitton CC are the local cricket team. They both play at the Recreation Ground south of the A431, just west of the village.
Bitton Road Runners is a running club based in the east of Bristol which caters for all running abilities. Founded in 1986 to help people better enjoy the sport of running, it is a thriving club with over 300 members in both junior and senior sections. H. T. Ellacombe, the inventor of the Ellacombe apparatus used for bell-ringing, was curate from 1817 to 1835, vicar from 1835 to 1850, his son H. N. Ellacombe, vicar from 1850 to 1916, was active in the 1860s in the distribution of the robust, early-flowering snowdrop Galanthus nivalis'Atkinsii' "that grew at the south wall in his garden in Bitton." Bitton is the birthplace of author Dick King Smith and actress Richenda Carey, was home to television presenter Noel Edmonds. Ellacombe, Henry Thomas History of the Manor of Bitton, 1869. Ellacombe, Henry Thomas History of the Parish of Bitton, 1881. Parish Council website Parish Church of St Mary's, Bitton Website of Bitton Road Runners
Cold Ashton is a village in South Gloucestershire, England. It is located 5 miles north near the junction between the A46 and A420 roads; the village church has a 14th-century tower and the rest of the church was rebuilt in the 16th century by Thomas Key, its rector. It had a population of 221 according to the 2011 census. In the 1870s, Cold Ashton was described as A parish in Gloucester, it includes the village of Pennsylvania. Acres, 2,300. Now, Cold Ashton is described asA small village which, due to its setting, exhibits an air of tranquillity and pleasant isolation; the stone-walled main street together with the close alignment of the manor house, the Old Rectory and the courthouse, give the village an intimate character. The property of Bath Abbey, Cold Ashton became owned by William Pepwall, Mayor of Bristol, following the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1564. Following this acquisition, buildings such as the Elizabethan Manor House containing Renaissance style features, the Old Rectory and the Holy Trinity Church were constructed.
It is debated who had this influence, with dating referring more-so to the Mayor of Bristol John Gunning. Looking at Holy Trinity Church in greater detail, it is described how The Holy Trinity Church came under the Priory of St Peter in Bath and was rebuilt between 1508 and 1540 by the rector, Thomas Key, his rebus, a'T' entwinned in a key can be found embellishing the church and other interesting features include the remains of a rood loft and a curious pulpit set in a niche in the north wall. Looking at the Old Rectory in greater detail, in 1643 during the English Civil War Sir Bevil Grenville was injured at the Battle of Lansdowne and carried to the Old Rectory at Cold Ashton, where he died; the Domesday Book was a "Great Survey" completed in 1086 used in order to determine taxes to be owed as well as holdings and values of people. As such brief, listed descriptions were given to settlements such as Cold Ashton; such insights relate to the population as of 1086, saying "Total population: 8 households."
There is some description of the village's tax, saying "Taxable units: Taxable value 5 exemption units. Taxed on 3.0." There is some description of the village's resources, saying "Ploughland: 1 lord's plough team's. 3 men's plough teams. Other resources: Meadow 6 acres. 1 mill, value 0.2." The BBC's Domesday Reloaded, used to give a more updated look in 1986 of everyday life across UK following the original Domesday Book 900 years previous, was partaken within Cold Ashton. Such insights relate to the church, the village's ecology and the village's education facilities as of 1986, sayingThere are fears about the future of the Church in Cold Ashton, which has difficulty in paying its Diocesan Quota. Not only the church goers want to keep the church, nearly all the residents want to see it maintained and used. There are about 30 on the electoral role and an average attendance of about 15; the area lies upon a Cotswold escarpment known locally as the'South Wolds'. The highest point on this upland reaches some 200 metres above sea level and falls away to the South.
Land mass is limestone, used in dry stone walling. There are no schools in the area covered, the nearest being a Primary school in Marshfield, 2 miles away and Comprehensives at Sir Bernard Lovell and Kingsfield, Warmley, 5 miles distant, for which school buses are provided; the time series shows how, from 1801 to 1851, Cold Ashton grew in total population size by over double to nearly five hundred. After however, the graph highlights how after every ten-year period there has been a fall in total population; this has resulted in population density falling to 0.2 as of 2011, much lower than the South Gloucestershire average of 5.3 and national average of 4.1. Unemployment in Cold Ashton as of 2011 is at 1.2 %. It's more than two times lower than the South Gloucestershire average of 2.8% and more than three times lower than the national average of 4.4%. This is because of much higher levels on self-employment at 32.0%, compared to the county's 8.9% average and 9.8% national average. This makes up for the lack of full-time employment, of, 29.1% compared to the county's 42.9% average and 38.6% national average.
Levels of good health in Cold Ashton as of 2011 compare well with county and national levels, being 52.9%, 49.1% and 47.2% respectively. Levels of bad health in Cold Ashton, compare badly with county and national levels, being 1.8%, 0.9% and 1.2% respectively. Occupational data of Cold Ashton in 1881 highlights how - based on occupations that have been identified - the greatest sector for employment was agriculture with 80 workers, with domestic service or offices behind that with 23 workers. Professionals, workers in dress and workers in various vegetable substances all only have 1 worker, it can be noted how a large number of women workers have their occupation as unknown. Cold Ashton is located near to the end of the Cotswold Way if starting the walk from Chipping Campden, or near the beginning if starting the walk from Bath, it is one of the suggested stopping points on the walk, as such offers two bed and breakfasts in the form of Laburnum Cottage and Whiteways Bed and Breakfast. The village has a shop within walking distance, at the garage in Pennsylvania.
Media related to Cold Ashton at Wikimedia Commons
Bagstone is a village in South Gloucestershire, England. Bagstone is on the B4058 between Cromhall. Media related to Bagstone at Wikimedia Commons
Acton Turville is a parish in the Cotswold Edge ward within South Gloucestershire, England. It lies 17 miles east-northeast of Bristol and 93 miles due west of London, with the M4 running southwards of the parish. Acton Turville consists of a cluster of households across 1,009 acres, with a total population of 370 people. Acton Turville is listed as "Achetone" in the Domesday Book. According to John Marius in 1870, From the imperial gazetteer of England and Wales - Acton Turville is: "a parish in Chipping Sodbury district, Gloucester, it lies 5.5 miles east of Chipping Sodbury, 7.5 miles east of Yate railway station". The Parish Church St, Mary's is dated back to the 12th century and is Grade II* listed. According to the Church of England, in the Diocese of Gloucester "minor alterations were made in the 13th century and again in the 15th century". And, in 1853 with the help of architect T,H Wyatt, enlarged the parish church, so central to the parish, due to a population increase within the parish.
The church's stained glass windows were "due to the generosity of a few local benefactors", which were finely designed by some of the "leading studios of the day". The most notable benefactor in the parish - Reverend R H Mullens, appointed vicar in 1869, made a generous donation to St Mary's Church in his retirement in 1911. One stained glass window was presented in memory of his wife; as the monarchy was restored, the presentation of a Royal Coat of Arms was made compulsory, asserting a royal "supremacy" within the church. St Mary's Church coat of arms reflects George III monarchy, dated 1801-1816. From the 1800s, population evidently began to rise until it reached a total of 175 residents in 1850; this can be explained by the events occurring in Gloucester in the 1800s, where city boundaries were beginning to be breached, a population increase was beginning to take place in surrounding rural areas. Evidently, in 1852 suburbs were reported to be "extending" a considerable distance and villages and parish's such as Acton Turville, were beginning to increase up to six times more than the population a hundred years ago.
Acton Turville's sudden increase in population can be explained by the introduction of industry in the area, where new canals and railways were promoted. Following this, there was a significant decrease in population around the 1900s, where population was 20% lower than it was in 1850 due to expansion in other surrounding areas. However, we see an exponential increase from 1950 to 2000, where population peaks at 370 residents, which to date, is the current population of Acton Turville; the 2001 Census data, show Acton Turville to have a population of 328 British/Irish, small number of other ethnicity groups. The ward of Cotswold Edge however, presents a much more diverse range of results with a total of 78 residents from other ethnic groups such as. According to the 2011 census data, 72% are Christian, 18% have no specified religion and the remaining 8% state no religion at all. In the first census in 1801, Britain saw a great increase in international trade. A global introduction to trading is a fact that reflects on occupational change in such small villages such as Acton Turville.
In the 1831 occupational statistics, where industrialisation is beginning, 0 residents were employed in the manufacturing industry, whereas 44 were employed in the agricultural sector. Women however, were domesticated or under an "unspecified" occupation. In the following census data, 50 years in 1881, more industrialised sectors appeared; the transport and communications sector had a total of 3 residents, where occupations such as "dress", "professionals", "domestic service and offices", "workers in house and decorations" had increased with both male and female employees. In this 50 year difference, those employed in agriculture had decreased by 5, showing a progressive shift in industry. Evidence for this can be reflected in the decline of servants which could explain the rising affluence within Acton Turville. Presently, a total of 6 residents are in the agricultural field, a high number in education, real estate and retail in accordance with the 2001 census data. Public transport in Acton Turville is limited, with the main transport link being the local bus service.
The local bus service is named "Coachstyle", with a total of 12 bus links between locations such as: Bath, Yate, Chippenham and Hallavington. The nearest train stations are Chippenham which are around 7 -- 8 miles away from the parish. According to the 2001 census data, only 6% of households in the parish are without a car/van; this shows evidence for the lack of reliance on public transport, whereas the result of those reliant on personal transport is a high result of 88.6%. Acton in the Domesday Book