A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
Iowa is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states. In colonial times, Iowa was a part of Spanish Louisiana. After the Louisiana Purchase, people laid the foundation for an agriculture-based economy in the heart of the Corn Belt. In the latter half of the 20th century, Iowa's agricultural economy made the transition to a diversified economy of advanced manufacturing, financial services, information technology and green energy production. Iowa is the 26th most extensive in land area and the 30th most populous of the 50 U. S states, its capital and largest city by population is Des Moines. Iowa has been listed as one of the safest states in, its nickname is the Hawkeye State. Iowa derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many Native American tribes that occupied the state at the time of European exploration. Iowa is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east.
The southern border is the Des Moines River and a not-quite-straight line along 40 degrees 35 minutes north, as decided by the U. S. Supreme Court in Missouri v. Iowa after a standoff between Missouri and Iowa known as the Honey War. Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed by rivers. Iowa has 99 counties; the state capital, Des Moines, is in Polk County. Iowa's bedrock geology increases in age from west to east. In northwest Iowa, Cretaceous bedrock can be 74 million years old. Iowa is not flat. Iowa can be divided into eight landforms based on glaciation, soils and river drainage. Loess hills lie along the western border of the state. Northeast Iowa along the Upper Mississippi River is part of the Driftless Area, consisting of steep hills and valleys which appear mountainous. Several natural lakes exist, most notably Spirit Lake, West Okoboji Lake, East Okoboji Lake in northwest Iowa. To the east lies Clear Lake. Man-made lakes include Lake Odessa, Saylorville Lake, Lake Red Rock, Coralville Lake, Lake MacBride, Rathbun Lake.
The state's northwest area has many remnants such as Barringer Slough. Iowa's natural vegetation is tallgrass prairie and savanna in upland areas, with dense forest and wetlands in flood plains and protected river valleys, pothole wetlands in northern prairie areas. Most of Iowa is used for agriculture; the Southern part of Iowa is categorised as the Central forest-grasslands transition ecoregion. The Northern, drier part of Iowa is categorised as the Central tall grasslands and is thus considered to be part of the Great Plains. There is a dearth of natural areas in Iowa; as of 2005 Iowa ranked 49th of U. S. states in public land holdings. Threatened or endangered animals in Iowa include the interior least tern, piping plover, Indiana bat, pallid sturgeon, the Iowa Pleistocene land snail, Higgins' eye pearly mussel, the Topeka shiner. Endangered or threatened plants include western prairie fringed orchid, eastern prairie fringed orchid, Mead's milkweed, prairie bush clover, northern wild monkshood.
There is little proof to suggest that the explosion in the number of high-density livestock facilities in Iowa has led to increased rural water contamination and a decline in air quality. In fact, covered manure storage in modern barns prevent that manure from washing away into surface water, as it does in open lots as snow melts and thunderstorms occur. Other factors negatively affecting Iowa's environment include the extensive use of older coal-fired power plants and pesticide runoff from crop production, diminishment of the Jordan Aquifer. Iowa has a humid continental climate throughout the state with extremes of both cold; the average annual temperature at Des Moines is 50 °F. Winters are harsh and snowfall is common. Spring ushers in the beginning of the severe weather season. Iowa averages about 50 days of thunderstorm activity per year; the 30 year annual average Tornadoes in Iowa is 47. In 2008, twelve people were killed by tornadoes in Iowa, making it the deadliest year since 1968 and the second most tornadoes in a year with 105, matching the total from 2001.
Iowa summers are known for heat and humidity, with daytime temperatures sometimes near 90 °F and exceeding 100 °F. Average winters in the state have been known to drop well below freezing dropping below −18 °F. Iowa's all-time hottest temperature of 118 °F was recorded at Keokuk on July 20, 1934. Iowa has a smooth gradient of var
An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. Although reserved for professional space travelers, the terms are sometimes applied to anyone who travels into space, including scientists, politicians and tourists; until 2002, astronauts were sponsored and trained by governments, either by the military or by civilian space agencies. With the suborbital flight of the funded SpaceShipOne in 2004, a new category of astronaut was created: the commercial astronaut; the criteria for what constitutes human spaceflight vary. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale Sporting Code for astronautics recognizes only flights that exceed an altitude of 100 kilometers. In the United States, professional and commercial astronauts who travel above an altitude of 50 miles are awarded astronaut wings; as of 17 November 2016, a total of 552 people from 36 countries have reached 100 km or more in altitude, of which 549 reached low Earth orbit or beyond.
Of these, 24 people have traveled beyond low Earth orbit, either to lunar orbit, the lunar surface, or, in one case, a loop around the Moon. Three of the 24–Jim Lovell, John Young and Eugene Cernan–did so twice; the three current astronauts who have flown without reaching low Earth orbit are spaceplane pilots Joe Walker, Mike Melvill, Brian Binnie, who participated in suborbital missions. As of 17 November 2016, under the U. S. definition, 558 people qualify as having reached space, above 50 miles altitude. Of eight X-15 pilots who exceeded 50 miles in altitude, only one exceeded 100 kilometers. Space travelers have spent over 41,790 man-days in space, including over 100 astronaut-days of spacewalks; as of 2016, the man with the longest cumulative time in space is Gennady Padalka, who has spent 879 days in space. Peggy A. Whitson holds the record for the most time in space by 377 days. In 1959, when both the United States and Soviet Union were planning, but had yet to launch humans into space, NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan and his Deputy Administrator, Dr. Hugh Dryden, discussed whether spacecraft crew members should be called astronauts or cosmonauts.
Dryden preferred "cosmonaut", on the grounds that flights would occur in the cosmos, while the "astro" prefix suggested flight to the stars. Most NASA Space Task Group members preferred "astronaut", which survived by common usage as the preferred American term; when the Soviet Union launched the first man into space, Yuri Gagarin in 1961, they chose a term which anglicizes to "cosmonaut". In English-speaking nations, a professional space traveler is called an astronaut; the term derives from the Greek words ástron, meaning "star", nautes, meaning "sailor". The first known use of the term "astronaut" in the modern sense was by Neil R. Jones in his 1930 short story "The Death's Head Meteor"; the word itself had been known earlier. In Les Navigateurs de l'Infini by J.-H. Rosny aîné, the word astronautique was used; the word may have been inspired by "aeronaut", an older term for an air traveler first applied in 1784 to balloonists. An early use of "astronaut" in a non-fiction publication is Eric Frank Russell's poem "The Astronaut", appearing in the November 1934 Bulletin of the British Interplanetary Society.
The first known formal use of the term astronautics in the scientific community was the establishment of the annual International Astronautical Congress in 1950, the subsequent founding of the International Astronautical Federation the following year. NASA applies the term astronaut to any crew member aboard NASA spacecraft bound for Earth orbit or beyond. NASA uses the term as a title for those selected to join its Astronaut Corps; the European Space Agency uses the term astronaut for members of its Astronaut Corps. By convention, an astronaut employed by the Russian Federal Space Agency is called a cosmonaut in English texts; the word is an anglicisation of the Russian word kosmonavt, one who works in space outside the Earth's atmosphere, a space traveler, which derives from the Greek words kosmos, meaning "universe", nautes, meaning "sailor". Other countries of the former Eastern Bloc use variations of the Russian word kosmonavt, such as the Polish kosmonauta. Coinage of the term kosmonavt has been credited to Soviet aeronautics pioneer Mikhail Tikhonravov.
The first cosmonaut was Soviet Air Force pilot Yuri Gagarin the first person in space. Valentina Tereshkova, a Russian factory worker, was the first woman in space, as well as the first civilian among the Soviet cosmonaut or NASA astronaut corps to make a spaceflight. On March 14, 1995, Norman Thagard became the first American to ride to space on board a Russian launch vehicle, thus became the first "American cosmonaut". "Yǔ háng yuán" is used for astronauts and cosmonauts in general, while "Hángtiān yuán" is used for Chinese astronauts. Here, "Hángtiān" is defined as the navigation of outer space within the local star system, i.e. solar system. The phrase "tài kōng rén" is used in Hong Kong and Taiwan; the term taikonaut is used by some English-language news media organizations for professional space travelers from China. The word has featured in the Longman and Oxford English dictionaries, the latter of which desc
Eldridge is a city in Scott County, United States. The population was 6,162 in a 2014 census estimate. Jacob M. Eldridge, the city's namesake, arrived in central Scott County in 1846, having purchased land for $1.25 per acre. Immigrants from Germany soon followed, northern Scott County began to develop. Railroads were developed during the 1860s. Eldridge Junction, built on land donated by Jacob Eldridge, was incorporated on July 2, 1871. A post office and a Presbyterian church were soon built. Eldridge faced several challenges during its early years; the railroad faltered financially during the 1880s and was re-located to Oxford Junction, while a smallpox epidemic several years was said to have isolated the city. A fire damaged the city's business district in 1904, in 1918 a tornado of unknown strength damaged or destroyed several residences and the church, killed three people; each time, the city recovered, the farming community maintained its status as a grain and livestock shipping center. The city began growing in population during the 1950s, starting with the formation of the Scott County Library System in 1950, the North Scott Community School District in 1956.
By the late 1960s, the population had grown to more than 1,000 residents, with the creation of several industrial parks to encourage new business development, the city continued to grow. Eldridge is located at 41°38′55″N 90°34′53″W, it is located north of Davenport along U. S. Route 61. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.48 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 5,651 people, 2,213 households, 1,576 families residing in the city; the population density was 596.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,296 housing units at an average density of 242.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.8% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population. There were 2,213 households of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 28.8% were non-families.
24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age in the city was 36.7 years. 28.8% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,159 people, 1,501 households, 1,179 families residing in the city; the population density was 442.4 people per square mile. There were 1,540 housing units at an average density of 163.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.58% White, 0.24% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.17% from other races, 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the population. There were 1,501 households out of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.4% were non-families.
18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.15. 31.5% are under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $54,167, the median income for a family was $62,401. Males had a median income of $45,407 versus $23,285 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,514. About 3.2% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. Eldridge has a mayor-council form of government with five city council members. All council members are at-large. City council meetings are conducted bi-monthly on the first and third Mondays of each month at the city hall.
The city is managed by a city assistant city administrator. Eldridge hosts three of the seven public schools in the North Scott Community School District, which has its administrative offices there as well; the North Scott High School, North Scott Junior High and Ed White Elementary School are in Eldridge. The other four elementary schools in the district are in the outlying communities of Donahue, Long Grove, Park View and Princeton. Residents are represented by a seven-member board of education, which conducts bi-monthly meetings on the second and fourth Mondays of each month at the Administration Center. In Promised Land, Matt Damon's character, Steve Butler, is notably from the area of Iowa. Beth Bader member of the LPGA City of Eldridge North Scott Chamber of Commerce Scott County Library System City-Data Comprehensive statistical data and more about Eldridge
A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both. A library's collection can include books, newspapers, films, prints, microform, CDs, videotapes, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, e-books, audiobooks and other formats. Libraries range in size from a few shelves of books to several million items. In Latin and Greek, the idea of a bookcase is represented by Bibliotheca and Bibliothēkē: derivatives of these mean library in many modern languages, e.g. French bibliothèque; the first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing—the clay tablets in cuneiform script discovered in Sumer, some dating back to 2600 BC. Private or personal libraries made up of written books appeared in classical Greece in the 5th century BC. In the 6th century, at the close of the Classical period, the great libraries of the Mediterranean world remained those of Constantinople and Alexandria.
A library is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, a corporation, or a private individual. Public and institutional collections and services may be intended for use by people who choose not to—or cannot afford to—purchase an extensive collection themselves, who need material no individual can reasonably be expected to have, or who require professional assistance with their research. In addition to providing materials, libraries provide the services of librarians who are experts at finding and organizing information and at interpreting information needs. Libraries provide quiet areas for studying, they often offer common areas to facilitate group study and collaboration. Libraries provide public facilities for access to their electronic resources and the Internet. Modern libraries are being redefined as places to get unrestricted access to information in many formats and from many sources, they are extending services beyond the physical walls of a building, by providing material accessible by electronic means, by providing the assistance of librarians in navigating and analyzing large amounts of information with a variety of digital resources.
Libraries are becoming community hubs where programs are delivered and people engage in lifelong learning. As community centers, libraries are becoming important in helping communities mobilize and organize for their rights; the relationship between librarianship and human rights works to ensure that the rights of cultural minorities, the homeless, the disabled, LGBTQ community, as well as other marginalized groups are not infringed upon as protected in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing—the clay tablets in cuneiform script discovered in temple rooms in Sumer, some dating back to 2600 BC; these archives, which consisted of the records of commercial transactions or inventories, mark the end of prehistory and the start of history. Things were much the same in the temple records on papyrus of Ancient Egypt; the earliest discovered. There is evidence of libraries at Nippur about 1900 BC and those at Nineveh about 700 BC showing a library classification system.
Over 30,000 clay tablets from the Library of Ashurbanipal have been discovered at Nineveh, providing modern scholars with an amazing wealth of Mesopotamian literary and administrative work. Among the findings were the Enuma Elish known as the Epic of Creation, which depicts a traditional Babylonian view of creation; the tablets were stored in a variety of containers such as wooden boxes, woven baskets of reeds, or clay shelves. The "libraries" were cataloged using colophons, which are a publisher's imprint on the spine of a book, or in this case a tablet; the colophons stated the series name, the title of the tablet, any extra information the scribe needed to indicate. The clay tablets were organized by subject and size. Due to limited to bookshelf space, once more tablets were added to the library, older ones were removed, why some tablets are missing from the excavated cities in Mesopotamia. According to legend, mythical philosopher Laozi was keeper of books in the earliest library in China, which belonged to the Imperial Zhou dynasty.
Evidence of catalogues found in some destroyed ancient libraries illustrates the presence of librarians. Persia at the time of the Achaemenid Empire was home to some outstanding libraries; those libraries within the kingdom had two major functions: the first came from the need to keep the records of administrative documents including transactions, governmental orders, budget allocation within and between the Satrapies and the central ruling State. The second function was to collect precious resources on different subjects of science and set of principles e.g. medical science, histor
A computer lab is a space which provides computer services to a defined community. Computer labs are provided by libraries to the public, by academic institutions to students who attend the institution, or by other institutions to the public or to people affiliated with that institution. Users must follow a certain user policy to retain access to the computers; this consists of the user not engaging in illegal activities or attempting to circumvent any security or content-control software while using the computers. In public settings, computer lab users are subject to time limits, in order to allow more people a chance to use the lab, whereas in other institutions, computer access requires valid personal login credentials, which may allow the institution to track the user's activities. Computers in computer labs are equipped with internet access, while scanners and printers may augment the lab setup. Computers in computer labs are arranged either in rows, so that every workstation has a similar view of one end of the room to facilitate lecturing or presentations, or in clusters, to facilitate small group work.
In some cases in academic institutions, student laptops or laptop carts take the place of dedicated computer labs, although computer labs still have a place in applications requiring special software or hardware not implementable in personal computers. While computer labs are multipurpose, some labs may contain computers with hardware or software optimized for certain tasks or processes, depending on the needs of the institution operating the lab; these specialized purposes may include video editing, stock trading, 3-D computer-aided design, GIS. These have become the main purposes for the existence of traditional desktop-style computer labs, due to rising ownership of inexpensive personal computers making use of the lab only necessary when the expensive, specialized software and more powerful computers needed to run it are required. In some settings, traditional desktop computer labs are impractical due to the requirement of a dedicated space; because of this, some labs use laptop carts instead of desktop setups, in order to both save space and give the lab some degree of mobility.
In the context of academic institutions, some traditional desktop computer labs are being phased out in favor of other solutions judged to be more efficient given that most students own personal laptops. One of these solutions is a virtual lab, which can allow users to install software from the lab server onto their own laptops or log into virtual machines remotely turning their own laptops into lab machines. A media lab is a term used for interdisciplinary organizations, collectives or spaces with the main focus on new media, digital culture and technology; the MIT Media Lab is a well-known example of a media lab. An Internet café differs from a computer lab in that usage of a computer lab is free for those with access, while Internet cafés charge for computer use; the term'Internet café' is used interchangeably with'computer lab' but may differ from a computer lab in that users can connect to the Internet using their own computer or device, users of a computer lab do not need any equipment of their own.
Computer science School library Kiosk software Public computer LAN gaming center
Long Grove, Iowa
Long Grove is a city in Scott County, United States. The population was 808 at the 2010 census. Long Grove is located at 41°41′49″N 90°35′6″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.02 square miles, all of it land. Long Grove is part of the North Scott School District. Elementary-aged students from the city and adjoining nearby areas attend Alan Shepard Elementary. Junior high and high school students attend the North Scott Junior High and North Scott High School located in Eldridge; the town's annual celebration represents Long Grove's claim to fame: The Strawberry Festival. Held the second Sunday each June, the day kicks off at 9 am with the Strawberry Stampede – youth fun/competitive fitness footraces followed by a parade at 11:15 am. Area strawberry farmers sell strawberries, there are games for children, a children's Strawberry Pageant, Trivia Contest, Strawberry Cooking Contest, petting zoo, pony rides, wagon rides, a variety of entertainment groups throughout the day.
Community organizations provide a wide variety of food choices. Strawberry shortcake, ice cream, kettle corn and other foods are available throughout the day. Another attraction is the Alexander Brownlie Sod House, on the city's north side; the sod house was built by the Brownlie Brothers dates from Iowa's prairie days of the 1830s. The house, open for tours, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Located six miles north and east of Long Grove is the Dan Nagle Walnut Grove Pioneer Village, at the north edge of Scott County Park; the village, a re-creation of an 1860s Scott County cross-roads settlement and stage coach, is made up of 18 historic buildings including an old church, a bank, a train depot and boardwalk of shops. Numerous events are scheduled throughout the year. Scott County Park is a 1,280-acre county park that offers camping facilities. Organizations include the Lion Grove Lions Club, the Long Grove Civic League, the Long Grove Sportsman's Club and the Cub Scouts. Long Grove has a mayor-council form of government, meets on the second Tuesday of each month at city hall.
The city has fire and police protection. Representing city interests are: Plan and Zone Commission, which meets on the third Monday of each month. Long Grove gets its name from the long, narrow strip of timber, which stretched from Walnut Grove to Allens Grove, several miles to the northwest. Alexander and James Brownlie came to the area in August 1838, having followed the Mississippi River to the mouth of the Wapsipinicon River west along its banks; the two purchased a nearby timber ridge from a man named coats, settling the claim for $160 plus timberland and all the prairie they wished to own. The first log cabin was built shortly thereafter, in a cluster of trees at the east edge of the timber, just south of the original townsite. A stage road, from Davenport to DeWitt and Dubuque passed through the village and a blacksmith shop and harness shop once lined the streets. In the late 1860s, the railroad was extended from Davenport to Long Grove; the town, which had not been platted, was platted in the 1890s, though on a loose basis.
A major incident in the city's history took place in December 1921, with the robbery of the Stockman's Savings Bank. Stories varied on what happened, but what is known for sure is that the two suspects were killed by a posse after they attempted to hold up the bank; the city remained a quiet farming community for many years, but has seen growth in the past 35 years. Along with the opening of Alan Shepard Elementary School, many new homes have been built on all four sides of the city. Churches located in or near Long Grove are: Long Grove Christian Church. St. Ann's Catholic Church, two miles north of the city limits; as of the census of 2010, there were 808 people, 281 households, 244 families residing in the city. The population density was 792.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 287 housing units at an average density of 281.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.8% White, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.3% of the population.
There were 281 households of which 41.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.2% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 13.2% were non-families. 11.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age in the city was 41.1 years. 28.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.0% male and 49.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 597 people, 205 households, 175 families residing in the city; the population density was 707.2 people per square mile. There were 208 housing units at an average density of 246.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.66% White, 0.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.17% of the population. There were 205 households out of which 46.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 14.6% were non-families.
12.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average hou