British Transport Police
The British Transport Police is a national special police force that polices railways and light-rail systems in England and Wales, for which it has entered into an agreement to provide such services. Seventy five percent of the force's funding comes from Britain's privatised train companies. British Transport Police officers do not have jurisdiction in Northern Ireland unless working under mutual aid arrangements for the Police Service of Northern Ireland, in which case any duties performed on a railway will be incidental to working as a constable in Northern Ireland; as well as having jurisdiction across the national rail network, the BTP is responsible for policing: Croydon Tramlink Docklands Light Railway Emirates Air Line Glasgow Subway London Underground Midland Metro Sunderland line of the Tyne and Wear Metro This amounts to around 10,000 miles of track and more than 3,000 railway stations and depots. There are more than 1 billion passenger journeys annually on the main lines alone. In addition, British Transport Police in conjunction with the French border police - Police aux Frontières - police the international services operated by Eurostar.
It is not responsible for policing the rest of the Tyne and Wear Metro or the Manchester Metrolink or any other railway with which it does not have a service agreement. A BTP constable can act as a police constable outside of their normal railway jurisdiction as described in the "Powers and status of officers" section; as of September 2017, BTP had a workforce of 3,028 police officers, 1,530 police staff, 230 police community support officers, 30 designated officers and 330 special constables. In terms of officer numbers it is the largest of the three special police forces and the 11th largest police force in the United Kingdom overall. Since March 2014, the Chief Constable has been Paul Crowther OBE. From 1 April 2014, the divisional structure changed from the previous seven division structure to a four division structure - according to BTP this new structure will'deliver a more efficient force, generating savings to reinvest in more police officers across the railway network'. Based in Camden Town, London.
This division retains overall control of the other divisions and houses central functions including forensics, CCTV and major investigations. As of 2015, 393 police officers, 10 special constables and 946 civilian staff are based at FHQ. Divisional Commander: Chief Superintendent Martin FryThis division covers London and the South East and southern areas of England; this division is further divided into the following sub-divisions: North - Sub-divisional Commander: Superintendent Jenny Gilmer Central - Sub-divisional Commander: Superintendent Chris Horton South - Sub-divisional Commander: Superintendent Will Jordan As of 2015, B Division houses the largest number of personnel of any BTP division: 1444 police officers, 101 special constables, 191 PCSOs and 361 civilian staff. Divisional Commander: Chief Superintendent Allan GregoryThis division covers the North East, North West, the Midlands, South West areas of England and Wales; this division is further divided into the following sub-divisions: Pennine - Sub-divisional Commander: Superintendent Eddie Wylie Midland - Sub-divisional Commander: Superintendent Sandra England Wales - Sub-divisional Commander: Superintendent Andy MorganAs of 2015, C Division houses the second largest number of personnel within BTP: 921 police officers, 127 special constables, 132 PCSOs and 180 civilian staff.
Divisional Commander: Chief Superintendent John McBrideThis division covers Scotland. There are no sub-divisions within D Division; as of 2015, D Division is the smallest in terms of personnel housing 214 police officers, 24 special constables and 46 civilian staff. Prior to April 2014, BTP was divided into seven geographical basic command units which it referred to as'Police Areas': Scotland North Eastern North Western London North London Underground London South Wales & Western Prior to 2007, there was an additional Midland Area and Wales and West Area; the first railway employees described as "police" can be traced back to 30 June 1826. A regulation of the Stockton and Darlington Railway refers to the police establishment of "One Superintendent, four officers and numerous gate-keepers"; this is the first mention of Railway Police anywhere and was three years before the Metropolitan Police Act was passed. They were not, described as "constables" and the description may refer to men controlling the trains not enforcing the law.
Specific reference to "constables" rather than mere "policemen" is made by the BTP website article "A History of Policing the Railway" which states "The London and Liverpool Railway Companion of 1838 reports "Each Constable, besides being in the employ of the company, is sworn as a County Constable". Further reference is made by the BTP to "an Act of 1838...which according to J. R. Whitbread in The Railway Policeman was the first legislation to provide for any form of policing of the railway whilst under construction, i.e. to protect the public from the navvies more or less." The modern British Transport Police was formed by the British Transport Commission Act 1949 which combined the already-existing police forces inherited from the pre-nationalisation railways by British Railways, those forces having been formed by powers available under common law to parishes and other bodies to ap
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
A special constable or special police constable is an auxiliary or part-time law enforcement officer. Many police departments are complemented by a Special Constabulary which are referred to as special constables or informally as "specials". Special constables hold the office of constable, and in different contexts, special constables have been paid or volunteer members of an ad hoc reserve force or a permanent auxiliary, have ranged from unarmed patrols to armed paramilitaries. In the Australian state of New South Wales, Special Constables may be appointed by a Magistrate or two Justices of the Peace where "tumult, riot, or serious indictable offence has taken place, or may be reasonably apprehended" and the Magistrate or Justices believe that "the ordinary Constables or officers appointed for preserving the peace are not sufficient for the preservation of the peace, for the protection of the inhabitants and the security of their property, or for the apprehension of offenders". Special Constables, as appointed under the Police Act 1901, have the same powers as Constables of the New South Wales Police Force.
Similar provisions apply in other Australian states. Inspectors of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals are appointed as Special Constables. Members of police bands are appointed as Special Constables. State police stationed near their state borders are sometimes assigned the status of Special Constable in the neighbouring state to allow hot pursuit of offenders across state borders and lawful arrest on the other side. Special Constables are employed by various local government agencies in New South Wales including the RSPCA, local councils, RailCorp and NSW Health to enforce such laws such as cruelty to animals, enforce railway laws and prevent disorder in certain circumstances; the NSW Police Force employs Special Constables as an armed internal security force. This special internal unit provides protective services to government departments such as the Premier's Office, the Independent Commission Against Corruption, the Governor of New South Wales and the Director of Public Prosecutions.
They protect covert police locations and have a mobile rapid deployment team with advanced firearms and defensive tactics training, for special assignments. Special Constables were used extensively in Canada prior to the Second World War to quell labour unrest. After the war, industrial relations became far less militant and many of the larger urban police forces created permanent auxiliary units; the most notorious use of Special Constables in Canadian history was during the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919. The entire Winnipeg police force was dismissed because its members refused to sign an anti-union pledge and was replaced by a much larger and better paid force of untrained Special Constables explicitly to end the strike and the police union. Today, in Canada, the term'Special Constable' does not signify a police volunteer. Instead, they are sworn-in and employed by Police Services, law enforcement agencies or the provincial ministry responsible for law enforcement to undertake specific duties many of which require the powers of a police officer, such as explosive disposal technicians, court security, campus security or executive protection for diplomats.
Depending on the department some are members of a Special Constable Service as University and Transit Constables. Special Constables for Federal Agencies are investigators for the Competition Bureau and Canadian Food Inspection Agency. Special Constable appointment is not a replacement for a police officer; the appointment confers limited authority and the jurisdictional police will still have overall law enforcement authority and responsibility regardless of the Special Constable. For example, on a university campus or a transit system, Special Constables may deal with crimes, however the local police will have the overall responsibility for Criminal Code enforcement. Special Constables in Ontario employed by Police Services, such as court security officers, prisoner transport officers, cell block officers and snowmobile trail patrol officers, are sworn-in pursuant to section 53 of the Police Services Act which confers peace officer status. Special Constables have the powers of a police officer to enforce Federal Statutes and various Provincial Statutes while in the execution of their appointed duties throughout Ontario.
Special Constables are utilized at many Ontario universities to provide a hybrid police-security service to their respective communities. In Ontario, Special Constables are not armed with firearms, the exception being the Niagara Parks Police Service and the Legislative Assembly of Ontario Special Constables. At times, provinces may need to swear in a visiting police service to allow peace officer status; this is frequent with RCMP in Ontario as well as Sûreté du Québec in Quebec. Cross jurisdictional issues can be alleviated with special constable appointments; the government may appoint Special Constables, who only need the authority to serve summons and subpoenas, etc. In the province of British Columbia, for example members of the Conservation Officer Service are designated Special Constables under that province's Police Act, are responsible for enforcing specific provincial and federal laws, including certain Criminal Code offences. Other BC Special Provincial Constables for 25 other Provincial Agencies and Crown Corporations duties vary from Criminal Investigations to Regulatory Investigations, Intelligence Gathering and Protect
Law enforcement agency
A law enforcement agency, in North American English, is a government agency responsible for the enforcement of the laws. Outside North America, such organizations are called police services. In North America, some of these services are called police, others are known as sheriff's offices/departments, while investigative police services in the United States are called bureaus, for example the Federal Bureau of Investigation. LEAs which have their ability to apply their powers restricted in some way are said to operate within a jurisdiction. LEAs will have some form of geographic restriction on their ability to apply their powers; the LEA might be able to apply its powers within a country, for example the United States of America's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Explosives or its Drug Enforcement Administration, within a division of a country, for example the Australian state Queensland Police, or across a collection of countries, for example international organizations such as Interpol, or the European Union's Europol.
LEAs which operate across a collection of countries tend to assist in law enforcement activities, rather than directly enforcing laws, by facilitating the sharing of information necessary for law enforcement between LEAs within those countries, for example Europol has no executive powers. Sometimes a LEA’s jurisdiction is determined by the complexity or seriousness of the non compliance with a law; some countries determine the jurisdiction in these circumstances by means of policy and resource allocation between agencies, for example in Australia, the Australian Federal Police take on complex serious matters referred to it by an agency and the agency will undertake its own investigations of less serious or complex matters by consensus, while other countries have laws which decide the jurisdiction, for example in the United States of America some matters are required by law to be referred to other agencies if they are of a certain level of seriousness or complexity, for example cross state boundary kidnapping in the United States is escalated to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Differentiation of jurisdiction based on the seriousness and complexity of the non compliance either by law or by policy and consensus can coexist in countries. A LEA which has a wide range of powers but whose ability is restricted geographically to an area, only part of a country, is referred to as local police or territorial police. Other LEAs have a jurisdiction defined by the type of laws they assist in enforcing. For example, Interpol does not work with political, religious, or racial matters. A LEA’s jurisdiction also includes the governing bodies they support, the LEA itself. Jurisdictionally, there can be an important difference between international LEAs and multinational LEAs though both are referred to as "international" in official documents. An international law enforcement agency has jurisdiction and or operates in multiple countries and across State borders, for example Interpol. A multinational law enforcement agency will operate in only one country, or one division of a country, but is made up of personnel from several countries, for example the European Union Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
International LEAs are also multinational, for example Interpol, but multinational LEAs are not international. Within a country, the jurisdiction of law enforcement agencies can be organized and structured in a number of ways to provide law enforcement throughout the country. A law enforcement agency’s jurisdiction can be for the whole country or for a division or sub-division within the country. LEA jurisdiction for a division within a country can be at more than one level, for example at the division level, state, province, or territory level, for example at the sub division level, county, shire, or municipality or metropolitan area level. In Australia for example, each state has its own LEAs. In the United States for example each state and county or city has its own LEAs; as a result, because both Australia and the United States are federations and have federal LEAs, Australia has two levels of law enforcement and the United States has multiple levels of law enforcement, Tribal, County, Town, special Jurisdiction and others.
A LEA’s jurisdiction will be geographically divided into operations areas for administrative and logistical efficiency reasons. An operations area is called a command or an office. While the operations area of a LEA is sometimes referred to as a jurisdiction, any LEA operations area still has legal jurisdiction in all geographic areas the LEA operates, but by policy and consensus the operations area does not operate in other geographical operations areas of the LEA. For example, the United Kingdom’s Metropolitan Police is divided into 32 Borough Operational Command Units, based on the London boroughs, the New York City Police Department is divided into 77 precincts. Sometimes the one legal jurisdiction is covered by more than one LEA, again for administrative and logistical efficiency reasons, or arising from policy, or historical reasons. For example, the area of jurisdiction of English and Welsh law is covered by a number of LEAs called constabularies, each of which has legal jurisdiction over the whole area covered by English and Welsh law, but they do not operate out of their areas without formal liaison between them.
The primary difference between separate agencies and operational areas within the one legal jurisdiction is the degree of flexibility to move resources between versus within agencies. When multiple LEAs cover the one legal jurisdiction, each agency still organizes itself into operations
Law enforcement in the United Kingdom
Law enforcement in the United Kingdom is organised separately in each of the legal systems of the United Kingdom: England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland. Most law enforcement is carried out by police officers serving in regional police services within one of those jurisdictions; these regional services are complemented by UK-wide agencies, such as the National Crime Agency and the national specialist units of certain territorial police forces, such as the Specialist Operations directorate of the Metropolitan Police. Police officers are granted certain powers to enable them to execute their duties, their primary duties are the protection of life and property, preservation of the peace, prevention and detection of criminal offences. In the British model of policing, officers exercise their powers to police with the implicit consent of the public. "Policing by consent" is the phrase used to describe this. It expresses that the legitimacy of policing in the eyes of the public is based upon a general consensus of support that follows from transparency about their powers, their integrity in exercising those powers and their accountability for doing so.
In the 18th century law enforcement and policing was organised by local communities based on watchmen and constables. The City of Glasgow Police, the first professional police, was established following an Act of Parliament in 1800. London had a population of nearly a million and a half people in the early 19th century but was policed by only 450 constables and 4,500 night watchmen; the concept of professional policing was taken up by Sir Robert Peel when he became Home Secretary in 1822. Peel's Metropolitan Police Act 1829 established a full-time and centrally-organised police force for the greater London area known as the Metropolitan Police. Legislation in the 1830s introduced policing in boroughs and many counties and, in the 1850s, policing was established nationally; the Peelian Principles describe the philosophy that Sir Robert Peel developed to define an ethical police force. The principles traditionally ascribed to Peel state that: Every police officer should be issued an identification number, to assure accountability for his actions.
Whether the police are effective is not measured on the number of arrests, but on the lack of crime. Above all else, an effective authority figure knows accountability are paramount. Hence, Peel's most quoted principle that "The police are the public and the public are the police."Nine principles of policing were set out in the ‘General Instructions’ issued to every new police officer in the Metropolitan Police from 1829. However, the Home Office has suggested this list was more authored by Charles Rowan and Richard Mayne, the first and joint Commissioners of the Metropolitan Police; the police historian Charles Reith explained in his New Study of Police History that these principles constituted a philosophy of policing "unique in history and throughout the world because it derived not from fear but exclusively from public co-operation with the police, induced by them designedly by behaviour which secures and maintains for them the approval and affection of the public". This approach to policing became known as "policing by consent".
The first women police officers were employed during the First World War. Hull and Southampton were two of the first to employ women police, although Grantham was the first town to have a warranted policewoman. Since the 1940s, police forces in the United Kingdom have been modernised. Corruption at the Metropolitan Police's Flying Squad led to a conviction and resignations in 1977 after the Operation Countryman investigations. A Police Complaints Board was set up to handle allegations of malpractice in response. Changes took place to tighten police procedures in the 1980s, in response to the Scarman Report, to ensure that evidence and interviews were robust, in the introduction of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. In 1989, the West Midlands Serious Crime Squad was disbanded as series of around 100 criminal cases failed or were subsequently overturned in the West Midlands, after new forensic techniques showed police officers had been tampering with statement evidence to secure convictions, including the Birmingham Six.
The Police Complaints Board was replaced by the Police Complaints Authority in 1985, which itself was superseded by the Independent Police Complaints Commission in 2004. On 8 January 2018, the IPCC was replaced by the Independent Office for Police Conduct. In the United Kingdom, every person has limited powers of arrest if they see a crime being committed: at common law in Scotland, in England and Wales if the crime is indictable – these are called "every person powers" referred to as a "citizen's arrest". In England and Wales, the vast majority of attested constables enjoy full powers of arrest and search as granted by the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. For the purposes of this legislation, "constables" is defined to mean all police officers, irrespective of rank. Although police officers have wide-ranging powers, they are still subject to the same laws as members of the public. There are additional legal restrictions placed on police officers such as the illegality of taking industrial action and the ban on taking part in active politics.
There are three general types of law enforcement agency in the United Kingdom, the first is concerned with policing the general public and their activities and the others are concerned with policing of more specific matters: Territorial police services, which carry out the majority of policing. There are 45 territor
North West Police Underwater Search and Marine Unit
The North West Police Underwater Search & Marine Unit are based in the North West of England, deliver specialist underwater search, confined space searches and marine policing from the Scottish border to Mid-Wales. The Unit is a collaboration between six police forces, with Officers from each Force being seconded to the Unit. All the Officers on the Unit are qualified commercial divers, hold a range of boating and other specialist qualifications, including confined space search techniques; because the Unit operates in Wales, the Welsh word for Police - Heddlu - can be seen displayed on some of the Unit's boats and vehicles alongside the word Police. The tasks that the Unit undertake, apart from being challenging, varied; as well as being involved in the recovery of bodies from water and evidential searches are a regular activity. This will include the searching of ponds, reservoirs, streams, docks, quarries, with some of these at altitude; the Unit provides a police presence up to 12 nautical miles out to sea.
They police an extensive amount of the coastline of the Irish Sea. The Unit is available to Forces during times of flooding, such as those seen in Cumbria in 2009; as well as performing the duties across the North West region for the member Police Forces, they work alongside other UK Law Enforcement Agencies, such HM Customs, UK Visas and Immigration and the Royal Navy. The Unit carries out drug enforcement operations such as ship hull searches. In the 1970s Merseyside Police, Greater Manchester Police and Cheshire Constabulary joined together to form the Joint Underwater Search Unit. In 1987 a police diver from North Wales Police joined the Unit. In the 1970s, Cumbria and Lancashire Constabularies had a combined Underwater Search Team. In 2003 both Police Diving Teams merged to become the North West Underwater Search Unit. From that time to present, the Unit has continued to develop not only in diving techniques but by developing a marine policing function. In order to maximise their efficiency and capability, the Unit utilise specialist electronic search equipment, including side-scan sonar, scanning sonar, remotely operated vehicle, acoustic tracking.
The Unit has a close working partnership with the Home Office Centre for Applied Science and Technology, takes part in research and trials of specialist equipment. For deployments and operations, the Unit used a 13-metre police launch, called Consortium, replaced in December 2017 with a 10.2 metre Cheetah Marine catamaran, called The Cormorant, after Consortium was damaged during an accident with a tug boat and a tanker They use several high powered Rigid Inflatable Boats, a 7.2 metre Cheetah Marine catamaran. They have a number of inflatables for use on water, restricted or difficult to access. In support of dive operations the Unit use a purpose built truck, which integrates with the technology used by the team and provides an essential land based facility to the divers. Cheshire Constabulary Cumbria Constabulary Merseyside Police North Wales Police Greater Manchester Police
Bedfordshire Police, is the territorial police force responsible for policing the ceremonial county of Bedfordshire in England, which includes the unitary authorities of Bedford, Central Bedfordshire and Luton. Its headquarters are in Bedfordshire; as of September 2017, the force had a workforce of 1,136 police officers, 859 police staff, 63 police community support officers, 60 designated officers and 195 special constables. In terms of officer numbers, it is the 8th smallest police force in the United Kingdom with the 5th smallest geographic area of responsibility. A professional police force was established in Bedfordshire in 1839, under the County Police Act 1839, replacing the earlier system of elected parish constables, it comprised a chief constable, based in Ampthill, 6 superintendents and 40 constables. Constables were paid 19 shillings a week, nearly twice the typical wage of an agricultural labourer in the county at that time. There was an independent Luton Borough Police from 1876 to 1947, from 1964 to 1966, when it amalgamated with Bedfordshire Constabulary, known as the Bedfordshire and Luton Constabulary until 1974.
In 1965, Bedfordshire Constabulary had an establishment of 497 and an actual strength of 430. On 11 June 2007 PC Jon Henry, was fatally stabbed whilst on duty in the town centre of Luton by a Nigerian immigrant, Tennyson Obih. Obih was convicted of his murder, along with the attempted murder and wounding with intent of two other men that he stabbed on the same morning. Bedfordshire Police has collaborated in the formation of several specialist units with Hertfordshire Constabulary and Cambridgeshire Constabulary including Major Crime, Dogs and Roads Policing; the force leads regional units including Eastern Region Special Operations Unit and Eastern Counter Terrorism Intelligence Unit with forces in Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Essex. In June 2015, the force implemented a new operating model – which comprises north and south bases and aims to increase the number of warranted officers in local communities. Bedfordshire Police publish results of cases on their official website, such as a drug gang who were jailed for 39 years.
Bedfordshire Police's cadets have scooped a national award for their outstanding contribution to helping to reduce crime and creating a safer community. In 2014 Bedfordshire Police took the unprecedented move to allow cameras into the force 24/7 to film a fly-on-the-wall documentary capturing some of the issues faced by police officers today; the last series ended in June 2016 but more episodes are planned for the near future. In July 2015, Bedfordshire Police was the first force in the country to secure a Female Genital Mutilation protection order; the court order allowed officers to seize the passports of two young girls who it was thought were being taken to Africa. On 15 November 2016, Bedfordshire Police posted a tweet to support Islamophobia Awareness Month; the image accompanying the tweet showed a hand with raised finger - a symbol used by ISIS. The tweet was removed following complaints and Bedfordshire Police commented: It has come to our attention the pointing finger logo used to illustrate social media posts around Islamophobia Awareness Month is similar to that used by ISIS.
The logo was used in good faith. As a consequence and to avoid offence, Bedfordshire Police has deleted these posts and will not tolerate Islamophobia or any other form of hatred or discrimination.' The force's 2016 to 2017. The workforce as of November 2015 consisted of: Chief Officer - 3 Chief Superintendent - 3 Superintendent - 9 Chief Inspector - 24 Inspector - 57 Sergeant - 161 Constable - 837 Total - 1,093 Civilians - 896 CSO's - 105As of 2017, Bedfordshire Police are considering not responding to some low level crimes due to funding restrictions. Kathryn Holloway stated that the force has made £35 million in cuts and would face further cuts of £11.4 million to £12.5 million over the coming four years “if things remain unchanged”. Like other UK police forces, Bedfordshire Police officers are not armed; the force employs firearms officers to deal with firearms incidents in the area. However all officers are equipped with Hiatt Speedcuffs, PAVA incapacitant spray, Velcro fastwrap leg restraints and spit hoods.
Some officers are equipped with the TASER X2 Conductive Energy Device with few officers carrying the TASERX26 CED, due to be phased out. The first Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner was Olly Martins, elected on 15 November 2012 and took office on 21 November 2012; the performance of the police and crime commissioner is scrutinised by the Bedfordshire Police and Crime Panel, made up of elected councillors from the local authorities in the police area, two independent members. Before November 2012 the Bedfordshire Police Authority was the police governance. On 5 May 2016 Kathryn Holloway became the second Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner after winning the vote against Olly Martins and other candidates; the "Our Force" control strategy determines operational priorities, helping Bedfordshire Police to protect people and fight crime. 1840–1871: Captain Edward M. Boultbee 1871–1879: Major Ashton Cromwell Warner 1880–1910: Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick J. Josselyn 1910–1939: Lt-Colonel Frank Augustus Douglas Stevens, CBE 1939–??: Commander the Hon. R. D. Coleridge 1940–1953: Commander William John Adlam Willis 1953–1966:???
1966–1971: Henry Prichard Pratt 1971–1979: Anthony Armstrong 1979–1983: William Sutherland 1983–1