Steven Marcus Woolfe is an English politician, who has served as a Member of the European Parliament for the North West England region since the 2014 European election. Woolfe was considered a frontrunner in UKIP's 2016 leadership election, but was excluded from the race after submitting his nomination late. After Diane James resigned from the party leadership, Woolfe was standing in the second UKIP leadership election of 2016, but withdrew from the contest and the party after he was injured during an altercation he engaged in with a fellow MEP; the event resulted in a media scandal for both individuals involved. Woolfe subsequently resigned from UKIP in October 2016, describing the party as "ungovernable". Woolfe was born in Moss Side in Manchester and studied law at Aberystwyth University, after which he worked as a barrister, he no longer holds a practising certificate. In 2011 he was elected to UKIP's National Executive Committee, he contested Stockport as the UKIP candidate at the 2015 general election.
Woolfe, the eldest of a family of four, was born in Moss Side, in Manchester, grew up in the Manchester suburb of Burnage. His younger half-brother is Nathan Woolfe, a footballer who has played for various clubs as a striker. Both his parents were born in Manchester: his mother to an Irish mother, his English father to a British Jewish mother and a Black American father. Woolfe was educated at St Bernard's Roman Catholic Primary School, a voluntary-aided state-maintained school in Burnage, followed by St Bede's College, a co-educational independent school in the Manchester suburb of Whalley Range, to which he won a scholarship, he studied law at Aberystwyth University graduating with a Bachelor of Laws degree in 1990. He pursued further studies at the Inns of Court School of Law in London, before being called to the Bar. Woolfe began his career at chambers in the Inner Temple, practising as a Criminal Law barrister in the City of London, he spent several years as general counsel for hedge fund managers.
He now acts as a legal and regulatory consultant to financial institutions. Woolfe was introduced to UKIP by Lord Pearson of Rannoch and made his debut speech at UKIP's 2010 annual conference in Torquay. After Nigel Farage declared his intention to stand in the 2010 UKIP leadership election, he appointed Woolfe to his team of senior spokespeople, becoming UKIP Economics spokesman. In 2011, Woolfe was elected to UKIP's National Executive Committee, coming second behind Neil Hamilton who topped the poll. On 8 May 2014, Woolfe chaired a UKIP public meeting in Westminster promoting UKIP's Black and Minority Ethnic candidates. Woolfe has called for a fair and ethical stance towards migration, stressing that migration should be based on merit, not on race, colour or creed. From July 2014 until May 2015, Woolfe's Economics brief has been shared with Patrick O'Flynn. O'Flynn was responsible for macro policy and taxation, while Woolfe remained UKIP's Financial Affairs and City of London spokesman. Woolfe advocates a simplified and lower tax regime for all, believing that the middle classes have been squeezed with the 40% tax band and has called for the 45% tax band to be abolished and replaced with a higher threshold for 40% band at £45,000.
He has echoed calls made by UKIP Leader Nigel Farage to take those on minimum wage out of paying tax altogether. In July 2016, Woolfe launched his bid to become leader of UKIP following the resignation of Nigel Farage, he gained the support of the leaders of UKIP in Wales and London. His running-mate was Welsh UKIP leader Nathan Gill. Woolfe promised to'ruthlessly' go after Labour seats in Northern England and the Midlands. Woolfe said UKIP has "won the argument" for managed immigration and promised to drive a new focus on social mobility. Furthermore, Woolfe said he would build on the 4 million votes UKIP got at the last election. Woolfe let his UKIP membership lapse from December 2014, paid for it to be renewed in March 2016. On 31 July 2016, he was blocked by the NEC from submitting his leadership, claiming that his application had been submitted several minutes after the deadline. Woolfe denied this, said that UKIP's computer systems were unable to accept his application at the time of submission.
He had talked of scrapping the NEC. On 1 August 2016, it was reported that Woolfe had a conviction from 14 years earlier for being drunk while in charge of a scooter when running in the 2012 Police and Crime Commissioner Elections, admitted that he broke electoral rules in failing to declare it, he said that he "forgot about the conviction", in which he received a £350 fine. On 5 October 2016, Woolfe was reported saying he was "enthused" by Theresa May's leadership, that he had considered defecting to the Conservative Party. Meanwhile, eighteen days after Diane James was elected as UKIP leader, she resigned. Woolfe said he would stand for the UKIP leadership. On 6 October 2016, Woolfe was hospitalised at the European Parliament building in Strasbourg, after a reported row with fellow MEP and UKIP Defence Spokesman Mike Hookem. Hookem denied the assertion that he had punched Woolfe. Hookem said Woolfe "took exception" to his comment about Woolfe turning his leadership application paperwork late.
After the incident, the interim Leader of UKIP, Nigel Farage, said "You see third world parliaments where this sort of thing happens. It's not good". On the same day, Arron Banks, a major donor to UKIP, who had said that UKIP would be "dead in the water" if Diane James did not become leader, said that he would leave UKIP if Woolfe was prevented from running for leader, if two other senior members remained in the party: "I
The European Parliament is the only parliamentary institution of the European Union, directly elected by EU citizens aged 18 or older. Together with the Council of the European Union, which should not be confused with the European Council and the Council of Europe, it exercises the legislative function of the EU; the Parliament is composed of 751 members, that will become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature, who represent the second-largest democratic electorate in the world and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world. It has been directly elected by the European citizens every five years and by universal suffrage since 1979. However, voter turnout at European Parliament elections has fallen consecutively at each election since that date, has been under 50% since 1999. Voter turnout in 2014 stood at 42.54% of all European voters. Although the European Parliament has legislative power, as does the Council, it does not formally possess legislative initiative, as most national parliaments of European Union member states do.
The Parliament is the "first institution" of the EU, shares equal legislative and budgetary powers with the Council. It has equal control over the EU budget; the European Commission, the executive body of the EU, is accountable to Parliament. In particular, Parliament elects the President of the Commission, approves the appointment of the Commission as a whole, it can subsequently force the Commission as a body to resign by adopting a motion of censure. The President of the European Parliament is Antonio Tajani, elected in January 2017, he presides over a multi-party chamber, the two largest groups being the Group of the European People's Party and the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats. The last union-wide elections were the 2014 elections; the European Parliament has three places of work -- Luxembourg City and Strasbourg. Luxembourg City is home to the administrative offices. Meetings of the whole Parliament take place in Brussels. Committee meetings are held in Brussels; the Parliament, like the other institutions, was not designed in its current form when it first met on 10 September 1952.
One of the oldest common institutions, it began as the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community. It was a consultative assembly of 78 appointed parliamentarians drawn from the national parliaments of member states, having no legislative powers; the change since its foundation was highlighted by Professor David Farrell of the University of Manchester: "For much of its life, the European Parliament could have been justly labelled a'multi-lingual talking shop'."Its development since its foundation shows how the European Union's structures have evolved without a clear "master plan". Some, such as Tom Reid of the Washington Post, said of the union: "nobody would have deliberately designed a government as complex and as redundant as the EU"; the Parliament's two seats, which have switched several times, are a result of various agreements or lack of agreements. Although most MEPs would prefer to be based just in Brussels, at John Major's 1992 Edinburgh summit, France engineered a treaty amendment to maintain Parliament's plenary seat permanently at Strasbourg.
The body was not mentioned in the original Schuman Declaration. It was assumed or hoped that difficulties with the British would be resolved to allow the Council of Europe's Assembly to perform the task. A separate Assembly was introduced during negotiations on the Treaty as an institution which would counterbalance and monitor the executive while providing democratic legitimacy; the wording of the ECSC Treaty demonstrated the leaders' desire for more than a normal consultative assembly by using the term "representatives of the people" and allowed for direct election. Its early importance was highlighted when the Assembly was given the task of drawing up the draft treaty to establish a European Political Community. By this document, the Ad Hoc Assembly was established on 13 September 1952 with extra members, but after the failure of the proposed European Defence Community the project was dropped. Despite this, the European Economic Community and Euratom were established in 1958 by the Treaties of Rome.
The Common Assembly was shared by all three communities and it renamed itself the European Parliamentary Assembly. The first meeting was held on 19 March 1958 having been set up in Luxembourg City, it elected Schuman as its president and on 13 May it rearranged itself to sit according to political ideology rather than nationality; this is seen as the birth of the modern European Parliament, with Parliament's 50 years celebrations being held in March 2008 rather than 2002. The three communities merged their remaining organs as the European Communities in 1967, the body's name was changed to the current "European Parliament" in 1962. In 1970 the Parliament was granted power over areas of the Communities' budget, which were expanded to the whole budget in 1975. Under the Rome Treaties, the Parliament should have become elected. However, the Council was required to agree a uni
Claire Regina Fox is a British libertarian writer. She is the founder of the think tank the Institute of Ideas; the Institute of Ideas is a trading name of the Academy of Ideas. She is a former member of the Revolutionary Communist Party. Fox was born to Irish Catholic parents John Fox and Maura Cleary and is the older sister of Fiona and Gemma Fox. After attending St Richard Gwyn Catholic High School in Flint, North Wales, she studied at the University of Warwick where she graduated with a lower second class degree in English and American Literature, she gained a PGCE from Thames Polytechnic in 1992. Fox was a mental health social worker, she was an English Language and Literature lecturer at Thurrock Technical College and at West Herts College. Fox wrote the book I Find That Offensive! in 2016. Fox joined the Revolutionary Communist Party as a student at the University of Warwick. For the next twenty years, she was one of the RCP's core activists and organisers, becoming co-publisher of its magazine Living Marxism.
Fox stayed with her ex-RCP members when the group transformed itself in the early 2000s into a network around the web magazine Spiked Online and the Institute of Ideas, both based in the former RCP offices. The group now takes the position. Author and environmental activist George Monbiot has argued these groups are part of the "pro-corporate libertarian right". Fox is invited to contribute to BBC Radio 4's programme The Moral Maze, has appeared as a panellist on BBC One's political television show Question Time. Fox has been criticised and praised for her libertarian belief in the desirability of minimal governmental control and support of free speech in all contexts. In particular, she has been accused of "supporting Gary Glitter’s right to download child porn", a claim she denies, she has been criticised for rejecting multiculturalism as divisive, questioning the negative publicity surrounding genetically modified crops and denying that there are any natural limits to human activity on the planet with her suggestion that everyone could be as rich as a multi-millionaire.
Institute of Ideas biography
Member state of the European Union
The European Union consists of 28 member states. Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby subject to the privileges and obligations of membership. Unlike members of most international organisations, the member states of the EU are subjected to binding laws in exchange for representation within the common legislative and judicial institutions. Member states must agree unanimously for the EU to adopt policies concerning defence and foreign policy. Subsidiarity is a founding principle of the EU. In 1957, six core states founded the European Economic Community; the remaining states have acceded in subsequent enlargements. On 1 July 2013, Croatia became the newest member state of the EU. To accede, a state must fulfill the economic and political requirements known as the Copenhagen criteria, which require a candidate to have a democratic, free-market government together with the corresponding freedoms and institutions, respect for the rule of law. Enlargement of the Union is contingent upon the consent of all existing members and the candidate's adoption of the existing body of EU law, known as the acquis communautaire.
There is disparity in the size and political system of member states, but all have de jure equal rights. In practice, certain states are more influential than others. While in some areas majority voting takes place where larger states have more votes than smaller ones, smaller states have disproportional representation compared to their population. No member state has withdrawn or been suspended from the EU, though some dependent territories or semi-autonomous areas have left. In June 2016, the United Kingdom held a referendum on membership of the EU, resulting in 51.89% of votes cast, being in favour of leaving. The United Kingdom government invoked Article 50 on 29 March 2017 to formally initiate the withdrawal process. Notes According to the Copenhagen criteria, membership of the European Union is open to any European country, a stable, free-market liberal democracy that respects the rule of law and human rights. Furthermore, it has to be willing to accept all the obligations of membership, such as adopting all agreed law and switching to the euro.
To join the European Union, it is required for all member states to agree. In addition to enlargement by adding new countries, the EU can expand by having territories of member states, which are outside the EU, integrate more or by a territory of a member state which had seceded and rejoined. Enlargement is, has been, a principal feature of the Union's political landscape; the EU's predecessors were founded by the "Inner Six", those countries willing to forge ahead with the Community while others remained skeptical. It was only a decade before the first countries changed their policy and attempted to join the Union, which led to the first skepticism of enlargement. French President Charles de Gaulle feared British membership would be an American Trojan horse and vetoed its application, it was only after de Gaulle left office and a 12-hour talk by British Prime Minister Edward Heath and French President Georges Pompidou took place that the United Kingdom's third application succeeded in 1970.
Applying in 1969 were the United Kingdom, Ireland and Norway. Norway, declined to accept the invitation to become a member when the electorate voted against it, leaving just the UK, Denmark to join, but despite the setbacks, the withdrawal of Greenland from Denmark's membership in 1985, three more countries joined the Communities before the end of the Cold War. In 1987, the geographical extent of the project was tested when Morocco applied, was rejected as it was not considered a European country; the year 1990 saw the Cold War drawing to a close, East Germany was welcomed into the Community as part of a reunited Germany. Shortly thereafter, the neutral countries of Austria and Sweden acceded to the newly renamed European Union, though Switzerland, which applied in 1992, froze its application due to opposition from voters while Norway, which had applied once more, had its voters reject membership again in 1994. Meanwhile, the members of the former Eastern Bloc and Yugoslavia were all starting to move towards EU membership.
Eight of these, plus Cyprus and Malta, joined in a major enlargement on 1 May 2004 symbolising the unification of Eastern and Western Europe in the EU. They were followed by Bulgaria and Romania in 2007 and Croatia in 2013; the EU has prioritised membership for the rest of the Western Balkans. Albania, North Macedonia, Montenegro and Turkey are all formally acknowledged as candidates, while Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo are potential candidates. Turkish membership, pending since the 1980s, is a more contentious issue. Aside from the Cyprus dispute being a long-standing hurdle, relations between the EU and Turkey have become strained after several incidents concerning the 2016 Turkish coup d'état attempt, the Turkish referendum, the resulting 2016–17 purges in Turkey; this has led to the European Parliament calling for a suspension of membership talks. Each state has representation in the institutions of the European Union. Full membership gives the government of a member state a seat in the Council of the European Union and European Council.
When decisions are not being taken by consensus, votes are weighted so that a country with a greater population has more votes within the Coun
North West England
North West England, one of nine official regions of England, consists of the five counties of Cheshire, Greater Manchester and Merseyside. The North West had a population of 7,052,000 in 2011, it is the third-most populated region in the United Kingdom after the South Greater London. The largest settlements are Manchester, Warrington and Blackpool. North West England is bounded to the west by the Irish Sea; the region extends from the Scottish Borders in the north to the West Midlands region in the south. To its southwest is North Wales. Amongst the better known of the North West's physiographical features are the Lake District and the Cheshire Plain; the highest point in North West England is Cumbria, at a height of 3,209 feet. Windermere is the largest natural lake in England. Broad Crag Tarn on Broad Crag is England's highest lake. Wast Water is England's deepest lake, being 74m deep. A mix of rural and urban landscape, two large conurbations, centred on Liverpool and Manchester, occupy much of the south of the region.
The north of the region, comprising Cumbria and northern Lancashire, is rural, as is the far south which encompasses parts of the Cheshire Plain and Peak District. The region includes parts of three National parks and three areas of Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty; the official region consists of the following subdivisions: *metropolitan county After abolition of the Greater Manchester and Merseyside County Councils in 1986, power was transferred to the Metropolitan Boroughs making them Unitary Authorities. In April 2011, Greater Manchester gained a top-tier administrative body in the form of the Greater Manchester Combined Authority, which means the 10 Greater Manchester Boroughs are once again second-tier authorities. Source: Office for National Statistics Mid Year Population Estimates North West England's population accounts for just over 13% of England's overall population. 37.86% of the North West's population resides in Greater Manchester, 21.39% in Lancashire, 20.30% in Merseyside, 14.76% in Cheshire and 7.41% live in the largest county by area, Cumbria.
According to 2009 Office for National Statistics estimates, 91.6% of people in the region describe themselves as'White': 88.4% White British, 1.0% White Irish and 2.2% White Other. During the Industrial Revolution hundreds of thousands of Welsh people migrated to the North West of England to work in the coal mines. Parts with notably high populations with Welsh ancestry as a result of this include Liverpool, Widnes, Wallasey, Ashton-in-Makerfield and Birkenhead; the Mixed Race population makes up 1.3% of the region's population. There are 323,800 South Asians, making up 4.7% of the population, 1.1% Black Britons. 0.6% of the population are Chinese and 0.5% of people belong to another ethnic group. North West England is a diverse region, with Manchester and Liverpool amongst the most diverse cities in Europe. 19.4% of Blackburn with Darwen's population are Muslim, the third-highest among all local authorities in the United Kingdom and the highest outside London. Areas such as Moss Side in Greater Manchester are home to a 30%+ Black British population.
In contrast, the town of St. Helens in Merseyside, unusually for a city area, has a low percentage of ethnic minorities with 98% identifying as White British; the City of Liverpool, over 800 years old, is one of the few places in Britain where ethnic minority populations can be traced back over dozens of generations: being the closest major city in England to Ireland, it is home to a significant ethnic Irish population, with the city being home to one of the first Afro-Caribbean communities in the UK, as well as the oldest Chinatown in Europe. Summarised There are around 400,000 people living in the North West of any Asian ethnicity Around 125,000 people from the North West are of full or partial Sub-African and/or Caribbean descent The single largest non-white ethnic group in the North West are Pakistanis, numbering at least 144,400 The list below is not how many people belong to each ethnic group; the fifteen most common countries of birth in 2001 for North West citizens were as follows England – 6,169,753 Scotland – 109,163 Wales – 73,850 Ireland – 56,887 Pakistan – 46,529 Northern Ireland – 34,879 India – 34,600 Germany – 19,931 China and Hong Kong – 15,491 Bangladesh – 13,746 South Africa – 7,740 United States – 7,037 Jamaica – 6,661 Italy – 6,325 Australia – 5,880 Poland – The table below is based on the 2011 UK Census.
One in five of the population in the North West is Catholic, a result of large-scale Irish emigration in the nineteenth century as well as the high number of English recusants in Lancashire. For top-tier authorities, Manchester has the highest teenage pregnancy rate in the region. For council districts, Burnley has the highest rate followed by Hyndburn, both in Lancashire. Of the nine regions of the England, the North West has the fourth-highest GVA per capita—the highest outside southern England. Despite this the region has above average multiple deprivation with wealth concentrated on affluent areas like rural Cheshire, rural Lancashire, south Cumbria; as measured by the Indices of deprivation 2007, the
2004 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom
The European Parliament election, 2004 was the United Kingdom's part of the wider European Parliament election, 2004, held between 10 and 13 June 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union. The United Kingdom's part of this election was held on Thursday 10 June 2004; the election coincided with the 2004 local elections and the London Assembly and mayoral elections. In total, 78 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation; the Conservative Party and the Labour Party both polled poorly. The Conservatives experienced their second-lowest recorded vote share in a national election, Labour their lowest since 1918; the UK Independence Party saw a large increase in support, increasing its number of MEPs from 3 to 12 and on popular vote pushed the Liberal Democrats, who themselves had increased their representation from 10 to 12 seats into fourth place. In Northern Ireland, Sinn Féin took its first Northern Ireland seat; the United Kingdom elected 78 Members of the European Parliament using proportional representation.
The United Kingdom was divided into twelve multi-member constituencies. The eleven of these regions which form Great Britain used a closed-list party list system method of proportional representation, calculated using the D'Hondt method. Northern Ireland used the Single Transferable Vote; as a consequence of the 2004 enlargement of the European Union, the number of seats allocated to the United Kingdom was fewer than in 1999. It was the first European election to be held in the United Kingdom using postal-only voting in four areas: the North East, North West and the Humber, East Midlands regions. A combination of the effects of the Treaty of Nice and the 2004 enlargement of the European Union meant that the number of seats allocated to the United Kingdom for the 2004 election was reduced from the 87 MEPs allocated for the 1999 election to 78 MEPs; as a result of the successful challenge of Matthews v United Kingdom before the European Court of Human Rights in 1999 residents of Gibraltar, voted in the European Parliament election for the first time, as part of the South West England region.
Changes in regional seat allocations 1 Includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory, part of the EU. Turnout for all the regions was 37.6% on an electorate of 45,309,760. The Conservatives and Labour both polled poorly; the Conservatives, although getting a vote share 4.1% greater than Labour, experienced their lowest vote share in a national election since 1832. Labour's vote share was its lowest since 1918. Labour's decline in votes was regarded as being due to widespread public dissatisfaction about the Iraq War and, as with the Conservatives, the increased popularity of UKIP. UKIP saw a large increase in support, increasing its number of MEPs from 3 to 12, drawing level with the Liberal Democrats, who themselves had increased their representation from 10 to 12 seats. UKIP pushing them into fourth place. Turnout was lowest in Scotland. In Scotland, Labour topped the poll, followed by the SNP; the Conservative Party's share of the vote declined by 2 percent, making it the region with the smallest swing against them.
Wales was the only region were Labour increased its share of the vote compared to 1999. The Conservatives managed to make gains pushing Plaid Cymru into third and whose share of the vote fell by 12 percentage points relative to 1999. UKIP narrowly beat the Liberal Democrats into fourth place. Wales was the region. All parties listed.†Loss/gain figures for seats are losses/gains versus the 1999 notional result, as the number of MEPs overall fell. Summary of the election results for Great Britain All parties listed.†Loss/gain figures for seats are losses/gains versus the 1999 notional result, as the number of MEPs overall fell. Gibraltar participated in the United Kingdom's election for the first time in 2004 as part of the South West England constituency. Gibraltar is a British overseas territory and therefore is under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom but does not form part of it. Gibraltar is however part of the only BOT to be so. Following however, the result of the successful challenge of Matthews v United Kingdom before the European Court of Human Rights in 1999 residents of Gibraltar were given the right to vote in the European Parliament elections.
The British government decided not to give Gibraltar its own seat due to its small electorate of just over 20,000 which would have meant with just one seat Gibraltar would have been over-represented by about 30 times the average. None of the main Gibraltar political parties contested the election, so voters chose from United Kingdom party lists. However, Lyana Armstrong-Emery of Gibraltar's Reform Party had a place on a joint list with the Green Party. In addition both the leader of the Conservative Party, Michael Howard, his deputy, Michael Ancram, campaigned in Gibraltar. Turnout in Gibraltar was 57.5%, higher than the 37.6% for the South West England electoral region as a whole. The Conservative Party polled over two-thirds of the Gibraltar vote, with no other party exceeding 10% support. Turnout in Northern Ireland was 51.2%. Sinn Féin took its first Northern Ireland seat. Sinn Féin won a seat in the corresponding elections in the Republic of Ireland. Sinn Féin and the DUP increased their shares of the vote relative to the 1999 European Parliament elections, while the shares for both the SDLP and the UUP fell.
This was the
2009 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom
The European Parliament election was the United Kingdom's component of the 2009 European Parliament election, the voting for, held on Thursday 4 June 2009. The election was held concurrently with the 2009 local elections in England. In total, 72 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation. Notable outcomes were the significant drop in support for the Labour Party, who came third, the UK Independence Party finishing second in a major election for the first time in its history, coming level with Labour in terms of seats but ahead of them in terms of votes; this was the first time in British electoral history that a party in government had been outpolled in a national election by a party with no representation in the House of Commons. The BNP won two seats, its first in a nationwide election, it marked the first time the Scottish National Party won the largest share of the European election vote in Scotland, it was the first time since 1918 Labour had failed to come first in a Welsh election.
It was the Democratic Unionist Party's worst European election result, the first time an Irish Republican party, Sinn Féin, topped the poll in Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom elected 72 Members of the European Parliament using proportional representation; the United Kingdom was divided into twelve multi-member constituencies. The eleven of these regions which form Great Britain used a closed-list party list system method of proportional representation, calculated using the D'Hondt method. Northern Ireland used the Single Transferable Vote; the experimental use of all-postal ballots in four regions in 2004 was not repeated, resulting in a sharp reduction in turnout in those regions. As has been the case since 1999, the electoral constituencies were based on the government's nine English regions, Northern Ireland and Wales, creating a total of 12 constituencies; the Treaty of Nice fixed the number of MEPs for the whole European Parliament at 736. If the Lisbon Treaty had entered into force by June 2009 this figure would have been 73.
On 31 July 2007, in line with the required reduction in representation from the United Kingdom the number of members elected from each region was modified by the Boundary Commission and Electoral Commission, based on the size of the electorate in each region. The recommended changes were approved by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 2008. Changes in regional seat allocations 1Includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory, part of the EU. Conservative Christopher Beazley John Bowis Philip Bushill-Matthews Jonathan Evans – Became MP for Cardiff North in 2010 Chris Heaton-Harris – Became MP for Daventry in 2010 Caroline Jackson Neil Parish – Became MP for Tiverton and Honiton in 2010 John Purvis David Sumberg Labour Robert Evans Glenys Kinnock Eluned Morgan Gary Titley UKIP Jeffrey Titford John Whittaker Roger Knapman Liberal Democrat Elspeth Attwooll Emma Nicholson Independents Den Dover – Former Conservative MEP, expelled over his expenses. Robert Kilroy-Silk – Former UKIP MEP, created new party Veritas.
Ashley Mote – Former UKIP MEP, expelled for expenses fraud for which he was jailed. Tom Wise – Former UKIP MEP, expelled for expenses fraud for which he was jailed. In the run up to the election, several polling organisations carried out public opinion polling in regards to voting intentions in Great Britain. Results of such polls are displayed below. ComRes, ICM, Populus and YouGov are members of the British Polling Council, abide by its disclosure rules. BPIX is not a member of the BPC, does not publish detailed methodology and findings. † Includes Unionists. ‡ As the number of seats was reduced, these are notional changes estimated by the BBC. 1Joint ticket, ran in England as: The Christian Party - Christian Peoples Alliance. Turnout In Great Britain was 34.3%, with 15,137,202 votes out of a total electorate of 44,171,778. Most of the results of the election were announced on Sunday 7 June, after similar elections were held in the other 26 member states of the European Union. Scotland declared its result on Monday 8 June, as counting in the Western Isles was delayed due to observance of the Sabbath.
Great Britain kept to the European wide trend towards the right. The Labour Party, in its twelfth year as government of the United Kingdom, suffered a significant drop in support polling third, UKIP finishing second in a major election for the first time in its history, coming level with Labour in terms of seats but ahead of them in terms of votes; this was the first time in British electoral history that a party in government had been out polled in a national election by a party with no representation in the House of Commons. The Conservatives won in every region in Great Britain except the North East, where Labour won, Scotland, where the SNP won. Labour suffered most notably in Cornwall, where it came sixth behind Mebyon Kernow, in the wider South West region and South East where it polled fifth behind the Green Party; the BNP won two seats, their first in a national election. The share of the vote achieved by the English Democrats doubled; the turnout in Scotland was the lowest in the United Kingdom at 28.8%, with 1,104,512 vote