Robin Hood's Bay
Robin Hood’s Bay is a small fishing village and a bay located within the North York Moors National Park, 5 miles south of Whitby and 15 miles north of Scarborough on the coast of North Yorkshire, England. Bay Town, its local name, is in the ancient chapelry of Fylingdales in the wapentake of Whitby Strand; the origin of the name is uncertain, it is doubtful if Robin Hood was in the vicinity of the village. An English ballad and legend tell a story of Robin Hood encountering French pirates who came to pillage the fishermen's boats and the northeast coast; the pirates surrendered and Robin Hood returned the loot to the poor people in the village, now called Robin Hood's Bay. By about 1000 the neighbouring hamlet of Raw and village of Thorpe in Fylingdales had been settled by Norwegians and Danes. After the Norman conquest in 1069 much land in Northern England, including Fylingdales, was laid waste. William the Conqueror gave Fylingdales to Tancred the Fleming who sold it to the Abbot of Whitby.
The settlements were about a mile inland at Raw but by about 1500 a settlement had grown up on the coast. "Robin Hoode Baye" was mentioned by Leland in 1536 who described it as, "A fischer tounlet of 20 bootes with Dok or Bosom of a mile yn length." In the period 1324-1346 there was an early reference to Robin Hood's Bay. Louis I, Count of Flanders, wrote a letter to King Edward III in which he complained that Flemish fishermen together with their boats and catches were taken by force to Robin Hood's Bay. In the 16th century Robin Hood's Bay was a more important port than Whitby, it is described by a tiny picture of tall houses and an anchor on old North Sea charts published by Waghenaer in 1586 and now in Rotterdam's Maritime Museum. After the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1540, Whitby Abbey and its lands became the property of King Henry VIII with King Street and King’s Beck dating from this time; the town, which consists of a maze of tiny streets, has a tradition of smuggling, there is reputed to be a network of subterranean passageways linking the houses.
During the late 18th century smuggling was rife on the Yorkshire coast. Vessels from the continent brought contraband, distributed by contacts on land and the operations were financed by syndicates who made profits without the risks taken by the seamen and the villagers. Tea, rum and tobacco were among the contraband smuggled into Yorkshire from the Netherlands and France to avoid the duty. In 1773 two excise cutters, the Mermaid and the Eagle, were outgunned and chased out of the bay by three smuggling vessels, a schooner and two shallops. A pitched battle between smugglers and excise men took place in the dock over 200 casks of brandy and geneva and 15 bags of tea in 1779. Fishing and farming were the original occupations followed by generations of Bay folk. Fishing reached its peak in the mid 19th century, fishermen used the coble for line fishing in winter and a larger boat for herring fishing. Fish was loaded into panniers and men and women walked or rode over the moorland tracks to Pickering or York.
Many houses in the village were built between 1650 and 1750 and whole families were involved in the fishing industry. Many families part owned cobles; some owned oceangoing craft. A plaque in the town records that a brig named "Visiter" ran aground in Robin Hood's Bay on 18 January 1881 during a violent storm. In order to save the crew, the lifeboat from Whitby was pulled 6 miles overland by 18 horses, with the 7 feet deep snowdrifts present at the time cleared by 200 men; the road down to the sea through Robin Hood's Bay village was narrow and had awkward bends, men had to go ahead demolishing garden walls and uprooting bushes to make a way for the lifeboat carriage. It was launched two hours after leaving Whitby, with the crew of the Visiter rescued on the second attempt; this brig may well be. From the book it appears other paranormal activities happened in the small fishing village; the main legitimate activity had always been fishing, but this started to decline in the late 19th century. These days most of its income comes from tourism.
Robin Hood's Bay is famous for the large number of fossils which may be found on its beach. In 1912 Professor Walter Garstang of Leeds University, in cooperation with Professor Alfred Denny of the University of Sheffield, established the Robin Hood's Bay Marine Laboratory, which continued on the site for the next 70 years. Robin Hood's Bay was part of the chapelry of Fylingdales in the Liberty of Whitby Strand, a wapentake in the North Riding of Yorkshire. Robin Hood's Bay is built in a fissure between two steep cliffs; the village houses were built of sandstone with red-tiled roofs. The main street is New Road, which descends from the cliff top where the manor-house, the newer houses and the church of St Stephen stand, it passes through the village crossing the King's Beck and reaches the beach by a cobbled slipway known as Wayfoot where the beck discharges onto the beach. The cliffs are composed of Upper Lias shale capped by Dogger and False Bedded Sandstones and shales of the Lower Oolite.
The Wine Haven Profile near Robin Hood’s Bay is the Global Stratotype Section and Point of the Pliensbachian Epoch, one of four chronographic substages of Early Jurassic Epoch. The headlands at each end of the beach are known as Ness Point or North Cheek and Old Peak or South Cheek; the town was once served by Robin Hood's Bay railway station on the Scarborough and Whi
Skipton is a market town and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. In the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is on the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal to the south of the Yorkshire Dales, 16 miles northwest of Bradford and 38 miles west of York. At the 2011 Census, the population was 14,623; the town was listed in the 2018 Sunday Times report on Best Places to Live in northern England. The name Skipton means a northern dialect form of Shipton; the name is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. It was important during the English Civil War and was the site of a prisoner of war camp during the First World War. One of the oldest mills in North Yorkshire, High Corn Mill is powered by the waters of Eller Beck, dates to 1310 when it was owned by Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford; the mill as it appears today is only half of what used to exist when two mills were in operation to produce corn for the whole of Skipton. The mill has been redesigned, from the mill grounds to the buildings themselves.
The outside walls of the mill have been sandblasted and the two main buildings of the old mill have been turned into flats from 2007 onwards, with one stand-alone building yet to be redesigned, touched or Sandblasted. Skipton Castle was built in 1090 as a wooden motte-and-bailey by a Norman baron. In the 12th century William le Gros strengthened it with a stone keep to repel attacks from the Kingdom of Scotland to the north, the castle elevated Skipton from a poor dependent village to a burgh administered by a reeve; the protection offered by Skipton Castle during the Middle Ages encouraged the urbanisation of the surrounding area, during times of war and disorder the town attracted an influx of families. It is now one of the most complete and best preserved medieval castles in England and is open to the public. Skipton became a prosperous market town, trading sheep and woollen goods: its name derives from the Old English sceap and tun. A market stemming from its formative years still survives.
In the 19th century, Skipton emerged as a small mill town connected to the major cities by the Leeds and Liverpool Canal and its branch Thanet Canal, but during the 20th century Skipton's economy shifted to tourism, aided by its historic architecture and proximity to the Yorkshire Dales. Since 1974, Skipton has been the seat of Craven District Council; the Skipton Building Society was founded in the town. In 2016 Skipton was voted the best place to live in England for the second time, having been voted for by the Sunday Times, two years earlier. Skipton is part of the parliamentary constituency of Skipton and Ripon, created in 1983; the constituency has returned a Conservative MP since its inception. The seat is held by Julian Smith MP. Before 1983 Skipton had its own eponymous constituency. Skipton forms part of Craven District, a non-metropolitan district, is home of the offices of Craven District Council. In 2007, proposals to make North Yorkshire County Council a unitary authority, removing the layer of government represented by Craven District, were rejected.
Skipton has its own town council consisting of 16 councillors, formed by 4 members from each of the four wards within the parish boundaries, East and West. Skipton town councillors elect a town mayor each year at an annual general meeting; as of 2018, the town mayor is Councillor Alan Hickman. The town council offices are based on the high street, upstairs in the Town Hall; the town's major local employer is Skipton Building Society, with its subsidiary companies. The town is home to several holiday companies, including Blue Water Holidays and several cottage holiday firms, it is a centre for recruitment agencies, with several hundred people employed in this sector. Recruitment firms include Medacs, HCL Doctors, Holt Doctors and Medic International, Justteachers. Tourism and retail sales are significant; the Global Environmental Engineer JBA Consulting is headquartered here. There is a recruitment software company called LMS Recruitment Systems Ltd; the town is known as the "Gateway to the Dales", because of its close proximity to the Yorkshire Dales.
Skipton has many visitors on market days. As Skipton is the nearest and largest town to most of the small towns and villages within the Dales it attracts numerous shoppers. In 2008 the Academy of Urbanism voted High Street the best shopping spot in Britain; the wide main street used to host the sheep market, but now a general market is held there four days a week, livestock is auctioned at the Auction Mart on the western edge of the town. The town has three official allotment sites. Chocolatier Whittakers, now based in the town, was established in 1889 in nearby Cross Hills. Ida Whittaker began making chocolates there in 1903, taught by the wife of the vicar of Kildwick. On Saturday 13 July 1901, a gala was held in Skipton to raise money for the Skipton and District Cottage Hospital, built at the time of Queen Victoria's Jubilee, held on the Brick Buildings Fields off Bailey Road; this was such a major event in the area that extra trains were provided to bring visitors to the town from miles around.
After the formation of the National Health Service, with the hospital being funded from central government, the Skipton Charities Gala continued raising money for local charities and non-profit-making organisations. The gala, held every year on the second Saturday in June, starts with a procession through the town ce
A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government. Unitary authorities cover towns or cities which are large enough to function independently of county or other regional administration. Sometimes they consist of national sub-divisions which are distinguished from others in the same country by having no lower level of administration. In Canada, each province creates its own system of local government, so terminology varies substantially. In certain provinces there is only one level of local government in that province, so no special term is used to describe the situation. British Columbia has only one such municipality, Northern Rockies Regional Municipality, established in 2009. In Ontario the term single-tier municipalities is used, for a similar concept.
Their character varies, while most function as cities with no upper level of government, some function as counties or regional municipalities with no lower municipal subdivisions below them. They exist as individual census divisions, as well as separated municipalities. In Germany, kreisfreie Stadt is the equivalent term for a city with the competences of both the Gemeinde and the Kreis administrative level; the directly elected chief executive officer of a kreisfreie Stadt is called Oberbürgermeister. The British counties have no directly corresponding counterpart in Germany; this German system corresponds in the Czech Republic. Until 1 January 2007, the municipalities of Copenhagen and Bornholm were not a part of a Danish county. In New Zealand, a unitary authority is a territorial authority that performs the functions of a regional council. There are five unitary authorities; the Chatham Islands, located east of the South Island, have a council with its own special legislation, constituted with powers similar to those of a regional authority.
In Poland, a miasto na prawach powiatu, or shortly powiat grodzki is a big, city, responsible for district administrative level, being part of no other powiat. In total, 65 cities in Poland have this status. In the United Kingdom, "unitary authorities" are English local authorities set up in accordance with the Local Government Changes for England Regulations 1994 made under powers conferred by the Local Government Act 1992 to form a single tier of local government in specified areas and which are responsible for all local government functions within such areas. While outwardly appearing to be similar, single-tier authorities formed using older legislation are not Unitary Authorities thus excluding e.g. the Isle of Wight Council or any other single-tier authority formed under the Local Government Act 1972 or older legislation. This is distinct from the two-tier system of local government which still exists in most of England, where local government functions are divided between county councils and district or borough councils.
Until 1996 two-tier systems existed in Scotland and Wales, but these have now been replaced by systems based on a single-tier of local government with some functions shared between groups of adjacent authorities. A single-tier system has existed in Northern Ireland since 1973. For many years the description of the number of tiers in UK local government arrangements has ignored any current or previous bodies at the lowest level of authorities elected by the voters within their area such as parish or community councils. Northern Ireland is divided into 11 districts for local government purposes. In Northern Ireland local councils have no responsibility for road building or housing, their functions include waste and recycling services and community services, building control and local economic and cultural development. Since their reorganisation in 2015 councils in Northern Ireland have taken on responsibility for planning functions; the collection of rates is handled by the Property Services agency.
Category: Subdivisions of Northern Ireland Local authorities in Scotland are unitary in nature but not in name. The Local Government etc. Act 1994 created a single tier of local government throughout Scotland. On 1 April 1996, 32 local government areas, each with a council, replaced the previous two-tier structure, which had regional and district councils. Comhairle nan Eilean Siar uses the alternative Gaelic designation Comhairle; the phrase "unitary authority" is not used in Scottish legislation, although the term is encountered in publications and in use by United Kingdom government departments. Local authorities in Wales are unitary in nature but are described by the Local Government Act 1994 as "principal councils", their areas as principal areas. Various other legislation (e.g. s.9
York is a historic walled city in North Yorkshire, England. At the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss, it is the historic county town of the historic county of Yorkshire. York Minster and a variety of cultural and sporting activities make it a popular tourist destination; the city was founded by the Romans as Eboracum in 71 AD. It became the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior, of the kingdoms of Deira, Northumbria and Jórvík. In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major wool trading centre and became the capital of the northern ecclesiastical province of the Church of England, a role it has retained. In the 19th century, York became a hub of the railway network and a confectionery manufacturing centre; the economy of York is now dominated by services. The University of York and National Health Service are major employers, whilst tourism has become an important element of the local economy; the City of York local government district includes rural areas beyond the old city boundaries.
In 2011, it had a population of 198,051. The word York is derived from the Brittonic name Eburākon, a combination of eburos "yew-tree" and a suffix of appurtenance *-āko "belonging to-, place of-" meaning either "place of the yew trees"; the name Eboracum became the Anglian Eoforwic in the 7th century: a compound of Eofor-, from the old name, -wic a village by conflation of the element Ebor- with a Germanic root *eburaz. When the Danish army conquered the city in 866, its name became Jórvík; the Old French and Norman name of the city following the Norman Conquest was recorded as "Everwic" in works such as Wace's Roman de Rou. Jórvík, meanwhile reduced to York in the centuries after the Conquest, moving from the Middle English Yerk in the 14th century through Yourke in the 16th century to Yarke in the 17th century; the form York was first recorded in the 13th century. Many company and place names, such as the Ebor race meeting, refer to the Latinised Brittonic, Roman name; the 12th‑century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth, in his fictional account of the prehistoric kings of Britain, Historia Regum Britanniae, suggests the name derives from that of a pre-Roman city founded by the legendary king Ebraucus.
The Archbishop of York uses Ebor as his surname in his signature. Archaeological evidence suggests that Mesolithic people settled in the region of York between 8000 and 7000 BC, although it is not known whether their settlements were permanent or temporary. By the time of the Roman conquest of Britain, the area was occupied by a tribe known to the Romans as the Brigantes; the Brigantian tribal area became a Roman client state, but its leaders became more hostile and the Roman Ninth Legion was sent north of the Humber into Brigantian territory. The city was founded in 71 AD, when the Ninth Legion conquered the Brigantes and constructed a wooden military fortress on flat ground above the River Ouse close to its confluence with the River Foss; the fortress, whose walls were rebuilt in stone by the VI legion based there subsequent to the IX legion, covered an area of 50 acres and was inhabited by 6,000 legionary soldiers. The site of the principia of the fortress lies under the foundations of York Minster, excavations in the undercroft have revealed part of the Roman structure and columns.
The Emperors Hadrian, Septimius Severus and Constantius I all held court in York during their various campaigns. During his stay 207–211 AD, the Emperor Severus proclaimed York capital of the province of Britannia Inferior, it is that it was he who granted York the privileges of a'colonia' or city. Constantius I died in 306 AD during his stay in York, his son Constantine the Great was proclaimed Emperor by the troops based in the fortress. In 314 AD a bishop from York attended the Council at Arles to represent Christians from the province. While the Roman colonia and fortress were located on high ground, by 400 AD the town was victim to occasional flooding from the Rivers Ouse and Foss, the population reduced. York declined in the post-Roman era, was taken and settled by the Angles in the 5th century. Reclamation of parts of the town was initiated in the 7th century under King Edwin of Northumbria, York became his chief city; the first wooden minster church was built in York for the baptism of Edwin in 627, according to the Venerable Bede.
Edwin ordered the small wooden church be rebuilt in stone. In the following century, Alcuin of York came to the cathedral school of York, he had a long career as a teacher and scholar, first at the school at York now known as St Peter's School, founded in 627 AD, as Charlemagne's leading advisor on ecclesiastical and educational affairs. In 866, Northumbria was in the midst of internecine struggles when the Vikings raided and captured York. Under Viking rule the city became a major river port, part of the extensive Viking trading routes throughout northern Europe; the last ruler of an independent Jórvík, Eric Bloodaxe, was driven from the city in 954 AD by King Eadred in his successful attempt to complete the unification
Helmsley is a market town and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. Part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, the town is located at the point where Rye Dale leaves the moorland and joins the flat Vale of Pickering, it is situated on the River Rye on the A170 road, 14 miles east of Thirsk, 13 miles west of Pickering and some 24 miles due north of York. The southern boundary of the North York Moors National Park passes through Helmsley along the A170 road so that the western part of the town is within the National Park; the settlement grew around its position at a road river crossing point. Helmsley is a compact town, retaining its medieval layout around its market place with more recent development to the north and south of its main thoroughfare, Bondgate, it is a historic town of considerable architectural character whose centre has been designated as a conservation area. The town is associated with the Earls of Feversham, whose ancestral home Duncombe Park was built overlooking Helmsley Castle.
A statue of William Duncombe, 2nd Baron Feversham stands in the town's square. The town is a popular tourist centre and has won gold medals in the Large Village category of Yorkshire in Bloom for three years; the town square is a meeting place for motorcyclists as it is at the end of the B1257 road from Stokesley, a favourite with bikers. The Cleveland Way National Trail starts at Helmsley, follows a horseshoe loop around the North York Moors National Park and Yorkshire coast for 110 miles to Filey; the remains of Helmsley Castle tower over the town. Archaeological discoveries indicate that the area around Helmsley was first settled in around 3,000 BC and small farming communities existed here throughout the Neolithic and Iron Ages and into Roman times. Finds of beehive querns confirm local agriculture and the milling of grain since at least the Iron Age. There are reports of finds of Roman pottery and a second-century Roman coin; the ancient settlement, whose Old English name was Elmeslac, pre-dates the Domesday Book.
It means ‘Helm’s forest clearing’ and indicates the nature of the landscape at that time. Vikings left their mark in the Old Norse, "gate" ending of the names of many of the streets; the ownership of much of the town and its surrounding land has changed hands only twice since the Norman Conquest. After the conquest it was governed within the wapentake of Maneshou in the North Riding of Yorkshire, held by William the Conqueror’s half brother the Count of Mortain; the ancient pollarded oak trees in Duncombe Park date from this period and the park is now a national nature reserve. In about 1100 the estate passed to founder of Rievaulx Abbey. Walter Espec’s heirs were the eldest surviving sons of his three sisters and the Helmsley properties devolved upon Robert De Ros, the son of the youngest sister, Adeline. In 1191 Robert de Ros granted Helmsley its Borough Charter; the charter created the burgage plots – long, narrow plots which can still be seen in the property boundaries on the west side of Castlegate and east side of Bridge Street.
Large-scale sheep farming, wool production and weaving were the mainstay of Helmsley’s economy for several centuries. Despite setbacks, including marauding Scots and the Black Death, Helmsley grew throughout the Middle Ages; when wool production declined after the dissolution of Rievaulx Abbey, Helmsley’s weavers turned to flax, much of, imported. The weavers were located on Bridge Streets. By the beginning of the 17th century the form of Helmsley was complete, many buildings in use today date from this period; the oldest surviving house is the vicarage. The town remained with the holders of the barony of De Ros through the Earls of Rutland and the Dukes of Buckingham until it was sold to the city financier, Sir Charles Duncombe in about 1689; the ruined Norman castle is the most significant medieval survival of the buildings in the town, although parts of the parish church and Canon’s Garth are mediaeval in origin. The 18th and 19th centuries saw major developments and expansion in the hands of the Duncombe family, beginning with the construction of Duncombe Park outside the town.
At the beginning of the 19th century the cottage weaving industry declined in the face of competition from new industrial cities. Despite this, the 19th century saw various major development in the town, notably the rebuilding of All Saints' Church, at the end of the century, building of the town hall. More houses were built along Bondgate and, after the arrival of the railway in 1871, along Station Road; this period saw older houses remodelled so that little thatch remained in the town. With the decline of weaving, agriculture became the mainstay of the economy. On 30 June 2011, the BBC Two programme History Cold Case featured an archaeological investigation into four 2,000-year-old skeletons found in Windy Pits caves, concluding that at least one had been the victim of a ritual killing, including scalping; the findings, including the facial reconstruction of the scalping victim, were presented, at Duncombe Park, to local history experts. The conservation area contains some 433 buildings within its bounds.
It contains all 51 listed buildings in the town 12% of the building stock, two scheduled ancient monuments. Of the listed buildings, 48 are classified Grade II and three are Grade II*. Most small buildings in the conservation area are built of honey-coloured stone. Most buildings those of higher status, are constructed using rubble stone, laid to course. Most roofs are covered with pantiles. So
Huntington, City of York
Huntington is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of City of York in North Yorkshire, England. It is part of the Huntington & New Earswick ward and lies on the River Foss, to the north of York and the south of Strensall. Before 1996 it was part of the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire. According to the 2001 census Huntington had a population of 9,277, increasing to 12,108 at the 2011 census. Huntington is made up of low-lying land, with the highest point in the village being only 64 feet above sea level, it covers some 4,800 measures some 4 miles from north to south and 3 miles east to west. There has been a parish church in this village since 1086. Huntington included three villages within the parish boundaries: Towthorpe and Huntington. Huntington itself comprised the small township of West Huntington, including West Huntington Hall; the village is somewhat unusual in that the main settlement and church are separated by a river, the Foss. During the Middle Ages, the part of Huntington to the east of the Foss was part of the Forest of Galtres, a hunting royal forest that covered large areas of land to the north-east of York and is still referred to in many local place names.
The Act of Dis-Afforestation of 1629 put an end to this. Huntington remained a small settlement until the second half of the 19th century, with no more than 630 inhabitants by 1901; the expansion of Huntington started around 1870–1880, with the construction of nearby New Earswick and the opening of Queen Elizabeth Barracks in nearby Strensall. The rehousing schemes during the 1930s speeded up the growth of the village and turned Huntington into a suburban area of the York; the village suffered only a little damage during the Second World War and saw a further housing expansion along Huntington and Strensall Road in the post-war years. The northwards expansion was halted by the construction of the York ring road. Most of the land associated with West Huntington has now become the separate parish of New Earswick. Huntington's old village, including All Saints' Church and the nearby West Huntington Hall, was made a conservation area in 1991; the urbanisation of the village is now complete, current housing development is driven by evolutions in the UK property market, the shortage of housing in York and the attraction of the local secondary school, Huntington School.
Huntington was served by Earswick railway station on the York to Beverley Line between 1847 and 1965. The Flag & Whistle pub along with the Blacksmith's Arms make up the local watering holes; the village has numerous shops including a post office, newsagent's, grocer's, butcher's and pharmacy. In addition there are a few light industrial enterprises, including several motor garages. A few community/parish halls provide venues for a good range of local community groups; the Monks Cross shopping centre is home to several national chain stores and three supermarkets A recent expansion is the retail park Vangarde Shopping Park which include three new major shops and many cafes and restaurants The adjacent industrial estate provides employment through several financial and service sector companies and is the UK headquarters and main manufacturing site of Portakabin Ltd. part of the Shepherd Building Group. With the demise of the former railway station under the Beeching Axe in the 1960s, Huntington has since been served by local buses.
The main bus operator is First York. As of September 2015, Huntington is served by the following local bus routes: 5/5A Strensall – City – Acomb 9 Monks Cross Park & Ride – City 12 Foxwood – City – Monks Cross 13 Copmanthorpe - City - Haxby 14 Foxwood – City – Haxby 16A Acomb – Hamilton Drive – City – Elmfield Ave 20 Acomb – Clifton Moor – Monks Cross – University 99 Monks Cross P&R – Monks Cross Shops 100 Strensall – James Street 180/181 York – Sheriff Hutton – Castle HowardThe following routes are not running: 184 Easingwold – Monks Cross 185 Monks Cross – Helmsley All Saints' Church is set in the countryside between Huntington and New Earswick, its location is off the Old Village in Huntington. It sits beside the River Foss, it is a popular location for life ceremonies weddings and baptisms and has an attractive and well-maintained churchyard. There is a large car park nearby, in constant use all week by Huntington residents. St. Andrew's Church is home to a lively Christian community whose building sits on Huntington Road, near the Link Road which connects Huntington to New Earswick.
It is close to Huntington Secondary School and is just opposite the New Earswick bowls club and the'Flag & Whistle' pub. The building includes a hall used for numerous youth and community groups during the week as well as the Ladybirds Nursery School and a school of dance. There is large scout hut to the rear and together with an active church community the site is in use 7 days a week including most evenings; the church has been refurbished in order to serve the community better, including creating a new kitchen, office space and improved access to the hall and church buildings. Both All Saints' and St. Andrew's are founder members of Churches Together in Huntington and New Earswick, together with Huntington Methodist Church, New Earswick Methodist Church, St. Paulinus' Catholi
Goathland is a village and civil parish in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England. Part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, it is in the North York Moors national park due north of Pickering, off the A169 to Whitby, it has a station on the steam-operated North Yorkshire Moors Railway line. According to the 2011 UK census, Goathland parish had a population of 438, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 407. Goathland village has a history extending from Viking times; the name Goathland is a corruption of'good land'. Alternatively, it may come from ` Goda's land'. In 1109 King Henry I granted land to Osmund the Priest and the brethren of the hermitage of Goathland called Godelandia, for the soul of his mother Queen Matilda, who had died in 1083; this is recorded in a charter held at Whitby Abbey. The village was a spa town in the 19th century. There are many hotels and guest houses in the village, the largest, the Mallyan Spout Hotel, is named after a nearby waterfall. There is a caravan site, reached by driving along the track, the site of the older railway route, 1835 to 1860.
Much of the surrounding land is owned by the Duchy of Lancaster. The Duchy's tenants have a common right extending for hundreds of years to graze their black faced sheep on the village green and surrounding moorland; the village was the setting of the fictional village of Aidensfield in the Heartbeat television series set in the 1960s. Many landmarks from the series are recognisable, including the stores, garage/funeral directors, the public house and the railway station; the pub is called the Goathland Hotel. After filming for some years a replica was built in the studio. Goathland railway station is on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway; the railway is run by a charitable trust with some paid staff but is operated by volunteers, running nearly all the year including Christmas. It is the second-longest preserved line in Britain, it links Grosmont in the north with Pickering in the south, along the route of the Whitby - Pickering line built by George Stephenson in 1835 and upgraded in 1865. From 2007 some trains on the railway were timetabled to run to Whitby and in March 2014 work began in Whitby station to replace a platform and allow more North Yorkshire Moors Railway services to be timetabled Whitby - Pickering.
Goathland railway station was used as the location for Hogsmeade railway station in the Harry Potter films, the line filmed for Harry's journey. As well as serving as the location for the fictional village of Aidensfield, Goathland features in its own right as an important setting in Dan Chapman's 2014 dystopian, futuristic novel Closed Circuit. Forming a setting for the denouement of the novel, it is explained that the antagonist owns the entire village, the nearby MoD site serves as a base for his operations. Goathland features in "Ice", a novel by Australian writer Louis Nowra. Photographs and information on Goathland Goathland photo galleries at website of Glendale House, Goathland Heartbeat on ITV