Montserrat College of Art
Montserrat College of Art is a private residential college specializing in the visual arts and located in Beverly, Massachusetts. The school was established in 1970 as Montserrat School of Visual Arts and offered a diploma program; the school was founded by the North Shore Community Arts Foundation, a civic group that managed the North Shore Music Theatre. Gloucester artist and former head of the Fine Arts Department at New England School of Art and Design Joseph Jeswald was chosen to serve as the school's first president and North Shore Music Theatre founder Stephen Slane was named managing director; the school was accredited as a college and authorized to award the bachelor of fine arts degree in the mid-1980s, at which time it changed to its current name. In 1992 the school moved to its present location off Cabot Street on Essex Street in the Hardie Building, a renovated 19th century school building that serves as the center of the campus. In 2016, the college campus consists of twelve academic and residential owned or leased buildings in and around historic, downtown Beverly, MA, a few blocks from the Atlantic Ocean.
In early 2015 Montserrat College of Art explored a possible merger with Salem State University, a much larger public institution in a neighboring city. After some months of research and negotiations the proposal was found to be not feasible and the plan was dropped in summer 2015; the campus includes the central Hardie Building located on 23 Essex Street. A residence hall, the Helena J. Sturnick Student Residence Village, was constructed and opened for the start of the fall 2009 semester; the school emphasizes the positives of its small size, which allows more academic attention to the progress of each individual student. Montserrat has an active student body of 370 students as of Fall 2018. Montserrat offers Bachelor of Fine Arts degrees, along with optional Creative Writing, Art History, Art Education minors, it offers non-credit classes for adults and teens, for-credit summer programs for high school students. A S. T. E. A. M. Program, an educational approach to learning that uses Science, Engineering, the Arts and Mathematics as access points for guiding student inquiry and critical thinking, is offered in the summer to students in grades three through eight.
The college has articulation agreements with several community colleges. The college has study abroad programs in Italy; each study abroad program lasts around one month overseas, features different kinds of classes for students, ex. in Niigata students study printmaking and in Viterbo students study En plein air illustration. Montserrat is home to four, public galleries which are open to the public; the galleries exhibit works by international, national and local artists and each exhibition provides opportunities for the public to meet and hear the artists discuss their work. The college has been hosting the 6th Essex District Congressional High School Art competition since 1995; the competition is open to all public and home-schooled students in grades 10-12 and the work of each year's winner is sent to Washington DC to be displayed at the capitol for the following year. Every spring the college holds a fundraising art art auction, the college's major event benefiting student scholarship; the college galleries exhibit the work of prominent international and regional contemporary artists and offer free lectures and events intended to take art education beyond the college's classrooms.
Among the college's alumni are prominent fashion designer Sigrid Olsen, sculptor Carlos Dorrien, painter Carol Schlosberg, children's book illustrator Giles Laroche. Official website
Stoneham Public Library
The Stoneham Public Library is the public library of Stoneham, Massachusetts. It is located at Maple Streets; the library was founded in 1859 by a committee of leading citizens renting space near the intersection of Main Street and Montvale Avenue. In two years the library had accumulated nearly 1,500 volumes, most donated by older private library groups; as the library expanded its holdings over the following decades, it relocated several times to ever-larger spaces. By 1878 the collection had grown to over 5,000 volumes. In 1903 the town was awarded a grant of $15,000 by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie for the construction of a permanent library building; this resulted in the 1904 construction of the modest Classical Revival building that forms the heart of the library complex at Maple and Main Streets. As built, this was a single story building made of Roman brick, capped by a hip roof, its main entrance was recessed in a square archway flanked by pilasters and topped by an entablature. In 1931 this building was extended from three to five bays, a cupola was added.
The building was again enlarged in 1983, using the same building materials and retaining single story layout, but with modern styling. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, was included as a contributing property to the Central Square Historic District in 1990; the library's services, in addition to its circulating book collection, include access to online databases. The library is a member of the North of Boston Library Exchange, through which cardholders can access resources of other libraries in the region. National Register of Historic Places listings in Stoneham, Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Middlesex County, Massachusetts Library website
Everett is a city in Middlesex County, United States, directly north of Boston, bordering the neighborhood of Charlestown. The population was 41,668 at the time of the 2010 United States Census. Everett was the last city in the United States to have a bicameral legislature, composed of a seven-member Board of Aldermen and an eighteen-member Common Council. On November 8, 2011, the voters approved a new City Charter that will change the City Council to a unicameral body with eleven members – six ward councilors and five councilors-at-large; the new City Council was elected during the 2013 City Election. Everett was part of Charlestown, Malden, it separated from Malden in 1870. In 1892, Everett changed from a town to a city. On December 13, 1892, Alonzo H. Evans defeated George E. Smith to become Everett's first Mayor; the city was named after Edward Everett, who served as U. S. Representative, U. S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, United States Secretary of State.
He served as President of Harvard University. In 1971, Distrigas of Massachusetts begins importing liquefied natural gas at its Everett Marine Terminal in the Island End section of Everett; this terminal was the first of its kind in the country. Everett's business district is focused on Broadway, with many businesses and restaurants long the route. Everett Square is a small bus-hub with bus routes 104, 109, 110, 112 and 97, all served by MBTA. A bus lane exists on Broadway, from Glendale Square, to Sweetser Circle; the Everett City Hall, Everett Fire Department, Parlin Memorial Library, a few health centers and restaurants are centered around Everett Square on Broadway, Norwood St and Chelsea St. Everett Stadium is near the Square. Route 16 is just south of the Square, allowing quick access to a major highway. Besides Everett Square, Gateway Center just off Route 16 in Everett is a major retail-shopping district, with big stores like Target, The Home Depot and many more; the Encore Boston Harbor Casino in Everett construction is expected to be underway or complete by 2020.
Everett has an increasing population as people are seeking new households near Boston while not having to pay the prices of living in Boston, Cambridge, or Somerville. Everett is bordered by Malden on the north, Revere on the east, Chelsea on the southeast and Medford on the west and the Mystic River on the south at Charlestown. Everett is a major part of the Port of Boston; some of Everett's neighborhoods are Glendale, the Village, the Line. Glendale Park is the city's largest park. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles, of which 3.4 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,667 people, 15,435 households, 9,554 families residing in the city; the population density was 11,241.1 people per square mile. There were 15,908 housing units at an average density of 4,701.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% Non-Hispanic Whites, 14.3% African American, 4.8% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 2% from other races, 3.8% were multiracial.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.1% of the population. The city has a large number of people of Brazilian and Italian descent. There were 15,435 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.1% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.11. The population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $49,737; the median income for a family is $49,876. Males had a median income of $36,047 versus $30,764 for females; the per capita income for the city was $23,876.
About 9.2% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over. In 2010, 33% of the residents of Everett were born outside the United States; this percentage was around 11% in 1990. Everett has a mayor-council form of government; the Everett city council was the last existing bicameral legislature in any American city, consisting of a Board of Aldermen and a Common Council. As of November 8, 2011, it became a unicameral City Council. Board of AldermenThe Board of Aldermen consisted of seven members one from each of the City's six wards and one Alderman-at-Large. All Aldermen were elected citywide for a term of two years. In addition to the duties they shared with the Common Council, the Board of Aldermen was the licensing authority in the City and approved licenses for motor dealers, second-hand dealers, lodging houses, junk dealers, pool tables, open-air parking lots, coin-operated devices, Lord's Day licenses and precious metal dealers.
Common CouncilThe Common Council consisted of three members elected per ward for a total of eighteen members. The Common Council shared equal responsibility for most legislative actions with the exc
Lynnfield is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, in the United States. At the 2010 census, the town population was 11,596. Lynnfield consisted of two distinct villages with a single governing body. Lynnfield Center comprises an agricultural population, while South Lynnfield boasted a mixed culture. Together, the two towns evolved into one of the most prosperous suburbs in the North Shore region of Massachusetts; the town of Lynnfield was first settled in 1638 and was made a district separate from Lynn in 1782. It was officially incorporated in 1814. Lynnfield functioned as two separate villages connected by one governing body: in Lynnfield Center resided a agricultural population, while South Lynnfield was a crossroad situated amongst neighboring larger towns. During this time, the town had two inns, a granite rock quarry, a small carbonated beverage bottler, various eating institutions; the stagecoach line north from Boston to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, known locally as the "Newburyport Turnpike", ran through South Lynnfield.
This roadway became U. S. Route 1, the route which brought many people north to the small town during the post-World War Two population surge. Lynnfield had attractions such as ballroom dancing. Lynnfield has since become a chiefly residential suburb of Boston. Along with the communities of Chelsea, Salem, Danvers, Andover, Haverhill and Salisbury, Lynnfield was a part of "The Gerry-mander" so described by the Boston Gazette on March 26, 1812. Lynnfield Center retained limited commuter rail service, via the Boston & Maine Railroad, into the late 1950s/early 1960s with a small railroad boarding platform located not far from the current Town Hall offices. When, in the 1960s, the United States Post Office implemented the Zone Improvement Program with 5-digit numerical codes, Lynnfield was assigned two ZIP codes, 01940 and 01944, for the Lynnfield Center and the South Lynnfield post offices, respectively. 01944 was reassigned to Manchester. Lynnfield is located at 42°31′40″N 71°1′42″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.5 square miles, of which 9.9 square miles is land and 0.58 square miles, or 5.58%, is water.
The Ipswich River forms the northern border of the town, several brooks cross through town. Several lakes and ponds dot the town, including Suntaug Lake, Reedy Meadow, Pillings Pond, Walden Pond. A portion of the Lynn Woods Reservation is located in the southeast corner of town, in the northwest part of town lies part of Camp Curtis Guild, a Massachusetts National Guard base which contains lands in the neighboring towns; the highest part of town lies on Middleton Hill in the northern part of town. Lynnfield lies along the western border of Essex County, is bordered by the Middlesex County towns of Wakefield to the southwest, Reading to the west, North Reading to the north and northwest. Within Essex County, the town is bordered by Peabody to the northeast, Lynn to the southeast, Saugus to the south; the town commons lies 9 miles west of Salem, 14 miles north of Boston, 15 miles south of Lawrence. Interstate 95 and Route 128 pass concurrently through town twice, becoming separate just over the Peabody line.
U. S. Route 1 and Massachusetts Route 129 enter the town concurrently, separating in the southeast corner of town, at the Lynnfield Tunnel, a local traffic landmark. There are national routes passing through town; the Springfield Terminal railroad is no longer in service. There is no commuter rail service within town; the nearest airport is Beverly Municipal Airport to the east. As of the census of 2010, there were 11,596 people, 4,179 households, 3,267 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,143 people per square mile. There were 4,354 housing units at an average density of 429.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.7% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 3.3% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, 1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population. There were 4,179 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% a male householder with no wife present, 21.8% were non-families.
18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.20. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 31.7% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $136,101, the median income for a family was $95,804, which are both well over the national averages. Males had a median income of $82,386 versus $50,589 for females; the per capita income for the town was $50,916. The average household net worth is $966,273; the town is more conservative than much of the state. In the 2012 Presidential election, former Governor Mitt Rom
Revere is a city in Suffolk County, United States, located 5 miles from downtown Boston. Founded as North Chelsea in 1846, it was renamed in 1871 after the American Revolutionary War patriot Paul Revere. In 1914, the Town of Revere was incorporated as a city; as of the 2010 United States Census, the city has a population of 51,755 inhabitants. Revere borders the towns of Winthrop and Chelsea, the Boston neighborhood of East Boston to the south and Malden to the west and Lynn to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10 square miles, of which 5.9 square miles is land and 4.1 square miles is water. Revere’s first inhabitants were Native Americans who belonged to the Pawtucket tribe and were known to colonists as the Rumney Marsh Indians; the leader, or sachem, of the Pawtuckets was Nanepashemet of Lynn. In 1616, an epidemic smallpox, swept the region, killing thousands in its wake. Nanepashemet retired to the Mystic River, in what is now Medford, but was found murdered in 1619 at his fort on the brow of Rock Hill overlooking the river.
Three sons succeeded him in his reign. One of them, Wonohaquaham called Sagamore John, had jurisdiction over the Native Americans at Winnisemmit and Rumney Marsh; the Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the area helped the settlers in their struggle to survive. During King Philip's War, the local Native Americans were forcibly removed to what is now Deer Island, where half of those imprisoned died of starvation or exposure; some were enlisted to help the colonists defeat other native tribes. Rumney Marsh was divided and allotted to twenty-one of Boston's most prominent citizens. By 1639, the original allotments had been consolidated into seven great farms. Farming was the principal industry of Winnisemmet, Rumney Marsh in particular. In 1624, Samuel Maverick became the first colonist to settle in the area, he built his house at the site of the former Chelsea Naval Hospital. On June 17th, 1630, John Winthrop, the first Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company in New England joined him there for dinner.
On September 25, 1634, Rumney Marsh was annexed to Boston, which had received its name only four years earlier. Winnisemmet and Pullen Point were annexed to Boston; the first county road in North America stretched across Rumney Marsh from the Winnisemmet Ferry to Olde Salem in 1641. In 1739, Rumney Marsh and Pullen Point were set off from Boston and established as the Town of Chelsea; the largest of the three settlements, Rumney Marsh was selected as the Town Center. In 1775, the area played a role in the American Revolution as Rumney Marsh was the site of the first naval battle. In 1846, the town of North Chelsea was established. In 1852, Pullen Point was established as the town of Winthrop; that same year, Chelsea became its own city. On March 24, 1871, a petition went into effect, changing the name of North Chelsea to the Town of Revere in honor of Paul Revere, who gained popularity after the publication of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem "Paul Revere's Ride," ten years earlier. In 1914, the Town of Revere became the City of Revere.
On the morning of July 28, 2014, an EF2 tornado touched down in nearby Chelsea and intensified as it entered the city of Revere, causing major damage to many buildings, including the Revere City Hall. Damaged cars, power outages, downed lines and downed trees were reported all around Revere, Chelsea and Boston, it was the first tornado to hit Suffolk County since the National Weather Service began keeping records in 1950. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 51,755 people residing in the city; the racial makeup of the city was 62.4% White, 4.9% Black, 5.6% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.025% Pacific Islander, 11.7% from other races, 3.3% were multiracial. Hispanic or Latino persons were 24.4% of the population. As of the same census, there were 47,283 people, 19,463 households, 11,872 families residing in the city; the population density was 7,994.2 people per square mile. There were 20,181 housing units at an average density of 3,412.0/sq mi. There were 19,463 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 39% were non-families.
32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.09. The population was spread out with 21% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,067, the median income for a family was $45,865. Males had a median income of $36,881 versus $31,300 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,698. About 11.9% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over. "In 1637 the Massachusetts General Court adopted an order that no person or town should receive or entertain a newcomer for more than three weeks without permission.
In addition to the desire to keep their colony Puritan, they were concerned with the immi
Peabody Institute (Danvers, Massachusetts)
The Peabody Institute is the public library of Danvers, established in 1854. The current building at 15 Sylvan Street was constructed for the Peabody Institute in 1891 by Little & Brown; the historic structure was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1997. Philanthropist and native son George Peabody donated $50,000 for the construction of a library for Danvers, after endowing the Peabody Institute in South Danvers; the first building was designed by Gridley J. F. Bryant and built in 1868-69; the library's trustees elected to rebuild on the same site, retaining Little & Brown to design the replacement. The present Classical Revival structure was completed in 1892; the building was transferred from the trustees to the town in 1978. The library is located in a residential area south of the Danvers central business district, it is set in a park of over 4 acres on a low knoll. It is a two-story wood frame building, it has a low-pitch gabled roof, surrounded by a low balustrade, is set on a granite foundation.
Its main facade faces north, is distinguished by a semicircular portico projecting over the center of five bays, supported by smooth Doric columns. This portico shelters the main entrance, flanked by sidelight windows and topped by a round arch; the round arch is repeated in the flanking bays over sash windows. A semicircular portico is located on the south side, but has no entrance; the interior of the building included an auditorium space on the upper level, but has been altered and now houses only library facilities. This auditorium was used for many years for a variety of functions, including lectures and high school graduation ceremonies; the building interior was extensively altered and expanded in 1981, including the addition of the Danvers Archival Center, with only minimal impact to the exterior. In fiscal year 2008, the town of Danvers spent 1.54% of its budget on its public library—some $40 per person. National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts Peabody Institute Library, Danvers website Peabody Institute Library, Danvers on Facebook
Phillips Academy Andover is a co-educational university-preparatory school for boarding and day students in grades 9–12, along with a post-graduate year. The school is in Andover, United States, 25 miles north of Boston. Phillips Academy has 1,150 students, is a selective school, accepting 13% of applicants with a yield as high as 86%, it is part of the Eight Schools Association, Ten Schools Admissions Organization as well as the G20 Schools Group. Founded in 1778, Phillips is one of the oldest incorporated secondary schools in the United States, it has educated two American presidents, George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush, as well as a long list of notable alumni: 3 Nobel Prize laureates and 6 Medal of Honor recipients, it has been referred to by many contemporary sources as "the finest school in America". A boarding school for boys, it turned coeducational in 1973, the year in which it merged with its neighbor girls school Abbot Academy. Phillips Academy Andover is the oldest incorporated academy in the United States, established in 1778 by Samuel Phillips, Jr.
His uncle, Dr. John Phillips founded Phillips Exeter Academy in 1781. Phillips Academy's endowment stood at just over one billion dollars as of June 2017. Andover is subject to the control of a board of trustees, headed by Peter Currie, business executive and former Netscape Chief Financial Officer, who took over as president of the Phillips Academy Board of Trustees on July 1, 2012. On November 14, 2012, John G. Palfrey, Jr. Henry N. Ess III Professor of Law and Vice Dean for Library and Information Resources at Harvard Law School, was named the 15th Head of School. Phillips Academy admitted only boys until the school became coeducational in 1973, the year of Phillips Academy's merger with Abbot Academy, a boarding school for girls in Andover. Abbot Academy, founded in 1828, was one of the first incorporated schools for girls in New England. Then-headmaster Theodore Sizer of Phillips and Donald Gordon of Abbot oversaw the merger. Andover traditionally educated its students for Yale, just as Phillips Exeter Academy educated its students for Harvard, Lawrenceville prepped students for Princeton.
The school's student-run newspaper, The Phillipian, is the oldest secondary school newspaper in the United States, the next oldest secondary school newspaper being The Exonian, Phillips Exeter Academy's weekly. The Phillipian was first published on July 28, 1857, has been published since 1878, it retains financial and editorial independence from Phillips Academy, having completed a $500,000 endowment drive in 2014. Students comprise the editorial board and make all decisions for the paper, consulting with two faculty advisors at their own discretion; the Philomathean Society is one of the oldest high school debate societies in the nation, second to the Daniel Webster Debate Society at Phillips Exeter Academy. Phillips Academy runs a five-week summer session for 600 students entering grades 8 through 12. Phillips Academy was founded during the American Revolution as an all-boys school in 1778 by Samuel Phillips, Jr. Phillips Academy's traditional rival is Phillips Exeter Academy, established three years in Exeter, New Hampshire, by Samuel Phillips' uncle, Dr. John Phillips, a major contributor to Andover's founding.
The two schools still maintain a rivalry. The football teams have met nearly every year since 1878, making it the oldest prep school rivalry in the country. In 1882, the first high school lacrosse teams were formed at Phillips Academy, Phillips Exeter Academy and the Lawrenceville School. Several figures from the revolutionary period are associated with the school. George Washington visited the school during his presidency in 1789, Washington's nephews attended the school. John Hancock signed the school's articles of incorporation and the great seal of the school was designed by Paul Revere. For a hundred years of its history, Phillips Academy shared its campus with the Andover Theological Seminary, founded on Phillips Hill in 1807 by orthodox Calvinists who had fled Harvard College after it appointed a liberal Unitarian theologian to a professorship of divinity; the Andover Theological Seminary was independent from Phillips Academy but shared the same board of directors. In 1908, the seminary departed Phillips Academy, leaving behind its key buildings: academic building Pearson Hall, dormitories Foxcroft Hall and Bartlet Hall.
These buildings became part of the Andover campus, expanded in the 1920s and 1930s around this historic core with new buildings of similar Georgian style: Samuel Phillips Hall, George Washington Hall, Samuel Morse Hall, Paul Revere Hall, Oliver Wendell Holmes Library, the Addison Gallery of American Art and Cochran Chapel. Small portions of Andover's campus were laid out by Frederick Law Olmsted, designer of Central Park and himself a graduate of the school. Revere's design of the school's seal incorporated bees, a beehive, the sun; the school's primary motto, Non Sibi, located in the sun, means "not for oneself". The school's second motto, Finis Origine Pendet, meaning "the end depends upon the beginning", is scrolled across the bottom of the seal. Phillips was one of the schools where students on the Chinese Educational Mission were sent to study by the Qing dynasty government from 1878 to 1881. One of the students, Liang Cheng became the Chinese ambassador to the United States. Phillips Academy curriculum and extracurricular activities include music ensembles, 30 competitive sports, a campus newspaper, a radio station, a debate club.
In 1973 Phillips Academy merged with neighboring Abbot Academy, founded in 1829 as one of the first schools for girls in Ne