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Northern Court

The Northern Court known as the Ashikaga Pretenders or Northern Pretenders, were a set of six pretenders to the throne of Japan during the Nanboku-chō period from 1336 through 1392. The present Imperial House of Japan is descended from the Northern Court emperors; the Northern dynasty is referred to as the "senior line" or the Jimyōin line. The origins of the Northern Court go back to Emperor Go-Saga, who reigned from 1242 through 1246. Go-Saga was succeeded in turn by two of Emperor Go-Fukakusa and Emperor Kameyama. On his death bed in 1272, Go-Saga insisted that his sons adopt a plan in which future emperors from the two fraternal lines would ascend the throne in alternating succession; this plan proved resulting in rival factions and rival claimants to the throne. In 1333, when the Southern Emperor Go-Daigo staged the Kenmu Restoration and revolted against the Hōjō Kamakura shogunate, the newly minted shōgun Ashikaga Takauji responded by declaring Emperor Kōgon, Go-Daigo's second cousin once removed and the son of an earlier emperor, Emperor Go-Fushimi of the Jimyōin-tō, as the new emperor.

After the destruction of the Kamakura shogunate in 1333, Kōgon lost his claim, but his brother, Emperor Kōmyō, two of his sons were supported by the new Ashikaga shōguns as the rightful claimants to the throne. Kōgon's family thus formed an alternate Imperial Court in Kyoto, which came to be called the Northern Court because its seat was in a location north of its rival. Cloistered Emperor Go-Daigo failed to control succession to the Imperial throne, whereby the Ashikaga shōguns were able to wrestle any remaining power away from position of Emperor. Shōguns ruled Japan until 1867; the Imperial Court supported by the Ashikaga shoguns was rivaled by the Southern Court of Go-Daigo and his descendants. This came to be called the Southern Court. Although the precise location of the emperors' seat did change, it was identified as Yoshino. In 1392, Emperor Go-Kameyama of the Southern Court was defeated and abdicated in favor of Kōgon's great-grandson, Emperor Go-Komatsu, thus ending the divide; the Northern Court had little real independence.

Because of this, since the 19th century, the Emperors of the Southern Imperial Court have been considered the legitimate Emperors of Japan. Moreover, the Southern Court controlled the Japanese imperial regalia; the Northern Court members are not considered legitimate Japanese emperors. They are called "Northern Court Emperors" now. One Southern Court descendant, Kumazawa Hiromichi, declared himself to be Japan's rightful emperor in the days after the end of the Pacific War, he claimed that Emperor Hirohito was a fraud, arguing that Hirohito's entire line is descended from the Northern Court. Despite this, he was not arrested for lèse majesté when donning the Imperial Crest, he could and did produce a koseki detailing his bloodline back to Emperor Go-Daigo in Yoshino, but his claims and rhetoric failed to inspire anything other than sympathy. Go-Kameyama reached an agreement with Go-Komatsu to return to the old alternations on a ten-year plan. However, Go-Komatsu broke this promise, not only ruling for 20 years, but being succeeded by his own son, rather than by one from the former Southern Court.

During the Meiji period, an Imperial decree dated March 3, 1911, established that the legitimate reigning monarchs of this period were the direct descendants of Emperor Go-Daigo through Emperor Go-Murakami, whose Southern Court had been established in exile in Yoshino, near Nara. These are the Hokuchō or Northern Court emperors: Emperor Kōgon 1331–1333. – Emperor Kōmyō 1336–1348. Emperor Sukō 1348–1351. – Emperor Go-Kōgon 1352–1371. Emperor Go-En'yū 1371–1382. Emperor Go-Komatsu 1382–1392 These are the Nanchō or Southern Court emperors: Emperor Go-Daigo 1336–1339. Emperor Go-Murakami 1339–1368. Emperor Chōkei 1368–1383. Emperor Go-Kameyama 1383–1392

C. T. Walker Traditional Magnet School

Charles Thomas Walker Traditional Magnet School is a public examination school located in the Laney-Walker district of Augusta, United States. It draws students from kindergarten through eighth grade from all parts of the Richmond County School System, it is one of four magnet schools in Richmond County. The school's history dates back to 1934, when it housed grades 1-7; the building was opened with an enrollment of 1500 students. When Richmond County schools were integrated in the 1970s, the enrollment of the school decreased to about 500 students. Court-ordered busing was instituted to ensure racial balances in student population and to remedy fluctuating enrollment patterns. In 1980 it became a magnet school, housing grades K-5. Like in other magnet schools in the county, racial quotas maintained a racially balanced student body; the concept brought changes in structural organization. During its first year as a magnet school, C. T. Walker housed 400 K-5 students admitted on the basis of a lottery, conducted by community leaders and school officials.

Beginning with the 1981 school year, the sixth grade was added to the school structure, followed by the seventh grade in 1982, the eighth grade in 1983. In 1999, the C. T. Walker Magnet School celebrated its twentieth anniversary as a magnet school. Georgia School of Excellence — 2003 Recognition as being a "no excuses" school with a 62% percent poverty rate, 50% above the state average.

Abdul Hadi Dawi High School

Abdul Hadi Dawi High School, located in Kabul's District 9 near the 3rd Mikrorayon, is named after Abdul Hadi Dawi a renowned Afghan poet and government official. It is prestigious schools of the country; the High school is for boys and was first constructed under Babrak Karmal regime with the aid and support of former Soviet Union government that backed the Afghan Communist Party both financially and militarily at the time. At first it was named Enqelaab High school in commemoration of the 7th of Saur Revolution, but during Najibullah's presidency its name was changed to Abdul Hadi Dawi High school. List of schools in Kabul List of schools in Afghanistan Microrayons Page on Facebook Microrayons in Kabul