Nora Roberts is an American author of more than 225 romance novels. She writes as J. D. Robb for the in Death series and has written under the pseudonyms Jill March and for publications in the U. K. as Sarah Hardesty. Nora Roberts was the first author to be inducted into the Romance Writers of America Hall of Fame; as of 2011, her novels had spent a combined 861 weeks on The New York Times Best Seller list, including 176 weeks in the number-one spot. Roberts was born on October 10, 1950 in Silver Spring, the youngest of five children. Both of her parents have Irish ancestors, she has described herself as "an Irishwoman through and through", her family were avid readers, so books were always important in her life. Although she had always made up stories in her head, Roberts did not write as a child, other than essays for school, she does. Good ones — some of which my mother still believes." She credits the nuns with instilling in her a sense of discipline. During her second year in high school, Roberts transferred to a local public school, Montgomery Blair High School, where she met her first husband, Ronald Aufdem-Brinke.
They married, in 1968, as soon as she had graduated from high school. The newly married couple settled in Maryland. Roberts' husband worked at his father's sheet-metal business before joining her parents in their lighting company, she gave birth to two sons and Jason. Roberts became a homemaker and would refer to this time period as her "Earth Mother" years. Roberts spent much of her time including ceramics and sewing her children's clothes, their marriage ended in divorce in 1983. Roberts met her second husband, Bruce Wilder, a carpenter, when she hired him to build bookshelves in July 1985, her husband owns and operates a bookstore in Boonsboro, Maryland called Turn the Page Books. He works as an adult content photographer and videographer; the Wilders owned the nearby historic Boone Hotel, undergoing renovations when it was destroyed by a fire in February 2008. It opened as the Inn BoonsBoro in 2009. Roberts once stated: "You're going to be unemployed if you think you just have to sit around and wait for the muse to land on your shoulder."
She concentrates on one novel at a time, writing eight hours a day, every day while on vacation. Rather than begin with an outline or plot summary, Roberts instead envisions a key incident, character, or setting, she writes a short first draft that has the basic elements of a story. After finishing the first draft, Roberts goes back to the beginning of the novel; the second draft sees the addition of details, the "texture and color" of the work, as well as a more in-depth study of the characters. She does a final pass to polish the novel before sending it to her agent, Amy Berkower, she writes trilogies, finishing the three books in a row so that she can remain with the same characters. When possible, she does the same with the In Death books, writing three in a row before returning to contemporary romances, her trilogies are all released in paperback, as Roberts believes the wait for hardcover editions is too long for the reader. Roberts does much of her research over the Internet, she is an ardent baseball fan, having been honored by the local minor league baseball team Hagerstown Suns several times.
She began to write during a blizzard in February 1979. Roberts states that with three feet of snow, a dwindling supply of chocolate, no morning kindergarten she had little else to do. While writing down her ideas for the first time, she fell in love with the writing process, produced six manuscripts, she submitted her manuscripts to Harlequin, the leading publisher of romance novels, but was rejected. Roberts says, I got the standard rejection for the first couple of tries my favorite rejection of all time. I received my manuscript back with a nice little note which said that my work showed promise, the story had been entertaining and well done, but that they had their American writer. That would have been Janet Dailey. Dailey would go on to be embroiled in a plagiarism scandal in which she confessed to stealing some of Roberts' work. In 1980, a new publisher, Silhouette books, formed to take advantage of the pool of manuscripts from the many American writers that Harlequin had snubbed. Roberts found a home at Silhouette, where her first novel, Irish Thoroughbred, was published in 1981.
She used the pseudonym Nora Roberts, a shortened form of her birth name Eleanor Marie Robertson, because she assumed that all romance authors had pen names. Between 1982 and 1984, Roberts wrote 23 novels for Silhouette, they were published under various Silhouette imprints: Silhouette Sensation, Silhouette Special Edition and Silhouette Desire, as well as Silhouette Intrigue, MIRA's reissue program. In 1985, Playing the Odds, the first novel in the MacGregor family series, was published; the book was an immediate bestseller. In 1987, she began writing single title books for Bantam. Five years she moved to Putnam to write single title hard covers as well as original paperbacks, she reached the hardcover bestseller lists with 1996's Montana Sky. Roberts has continued to release single-title novels in paperback, she still writes shorter category romances. Her attachment to the shorter category books stems from her years as a young mother of two boys without much time to read, as she " what it felt like to want to read a
Northern Lights (2009 film)
Northern Lights known as Nora Roberts' Northern Lights, is a 2009 television film directed by Mike Robe, which stars Eddie Cibrian, LeAnn Rimes, Rosanna Arquette. The film is based on the Nora Roberts novel of the same name and is part of the Nora Roberts 2009 movie collection, which includes; the film debuted March 2009 on Lifetime. Homicide detective Nate Burns once lived a tough life in Baltimore, but decides to move to a small Alaskan town, after being offered the position of chief of police. Burns leaves Baltimore just a few weeks after his partner is shot and killed, feeling responsible for what has happened. Nate finds himself not welcome by the town's residents, but takes an immediate interest in Meg Galligan. Meg is a young pilot, whose father left and disappeared in 1994. Soon, Nate helps in the search and rescue of two lost mountain climbers, asks for Meg's help in getting there. Upon their rescue, Nate locates a frozen corpse, who turns out to be Meg's father. It's clear. Meg has trouble mourning for her father, because she has always been mad at him for abandoning his family.
Meg suggests that Nate begin to investigate, but he is reluctant to do so, explaining that he moved from Baltimore to avoid murder cases. After giving in, Nate starts collecting information, soon finds that nobody in town liked the man, that he had affairs with several of the townswomen. Soon, one of the locals commits suicide. Nate believes; this upsets Meg. They find Max's journal, where he talks of two other men. Nate however, doesn't believe he was the murderer, refuses to believe that he committed suicide. With the help of Meg, Nate continues the investigation; as they take their relationship to a new level, he finds out. Fearing for their own lives, Nate starts questioning everyone in town. Nate proposes to Meg, soon after, Nate is fired, because the locals have been complaining that all the trouble started after he arrived. Nate considers returning to Baltimore, until he learns that an earring was found next to the body; as the police arrive to arrest the murderer, the murderer takes a woman hostage and shoots Meg in the arm.
The murderer is arrested. LeAnn Rimes as Meg Galligan Eddie Cibrian as Nate Burns Greg Lawson as Ed Woolcott Rosanna Arquette as Charlene Galligan Jayne Eastwood as Mayor Hopp The film was executive produced by Stephanie Germain and Peter Guber, who also'e.p.-ed' seven other Roberts films for Lifetime in 2007 and 2009. Filming took place in and around Calgary, Alberta including the historical Wainwright Hotel in Heritage Park Historical Village. Official website Northern Lights on IMDb Facebook page
Soft Cell are an English synthpop duo who came to prominence in the early 1980s, consisting of vocalist Marc Almond and instrumentalist David Ball. The duo are principally known for their 1981 hit version of "Tainted Love" and their platinum-selling debut album Non-Stop Erotic Cabaret. In the United Kingdom, they had ten Top 40 hits including "Tainted Love", "Torch", "Say Hello, Wave Goodbye", "What!", "Bedsitter", had four Top 20 albums between 1981 and 1984. In 1984, the duo split but reformed in 2001 to tour and record new material, releasing their fifth studio album, Cruelty Without Beauty in 2002. Soft Cell's songs have been covered by various artists including Marilyn Manson, Nine Inch Nails, David Gray, Nouvelle Vague, A-ha, their track "Memorabilia" earned recognition for the band as pioneers of the synth-oriented techno genre. The duo have sold 10 million records worldwide. Soft Cell was initiated during 1977 after Ball met at Leeds Polytechnic, their initial efforts at recording resulted that year in an EP titled Mutant Moments, funded by a loan of £2,000 from Dave Ball's mother and made with a simple 2-track recorder.
2,000 vinyl copies of the release were issued independently and the small number of copies have since become a valued collectors item. The group's live shows and EP caught the interest of certain record labels such as Mute Records and Some Bizzare Records. Soft Cell's next recording, "The Girl with the Patent Leather Face", appeared as a contribution to the Some Bizzare Album, which featured then-unknown bands such as Depeche Mode, The The, Blancmange; the duo signed to the Some Bizzare label, backed by Phonogram Records. Their first single, "A Man Could Get Lost" b/w "Memorabilia" on 7" and "Memorabilia" b/w "Persuasion" on 12", was produced by Daniel Miller who founded Mute Records. While "Memorabilia" was a success in nightclubs, Soft Cell would remain unknown until their next release. After the chart failure of "Memorabilia", Phonogram Records allowed Soft Cell to record a second and final single in an attempt to score a chart success; the band opted to record a cover version of "Tainted Love", an obscure 1965 northern soul track released by Gloria Jones, the girlfriend of Marc Bolan at the time of his death, written by Ed Cobb of The Four Preps.
Released in 1981, Soft Cell's "Tainted Love" was a No. 1 hit in 17 countries, including the United Kingdom, as well as a No. 8 single in the United States during 1982, went on to set a Guinness World Record at the time for the longest consecutive stay on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart. The song's popularity developed needing 19 weeks to enter the US Top 40; the A-side of the 12-inch single of "Tainted Love" featured a two-song medley, with "Tainted Love" blending into the Motown classic "Where Did Our Love Go". According to Marc Almond's book Tainted Life, Soft Cell had exited the "Tainted Love" recording sessions with only modest expectations that the track might break into the UK Top 50. Furthermore, Almond wrote that his only significant contribution to the song's instrumentation was the suggestion that the song begin with a characteristic "bink bink" sound which would repeat periodically throughout. Almond wrote that he dedicated this song to his sometime partner Christian Andrews. An artist releasing a cover version as a single would opt to write the song that appears on the B-side as this would still entitle the artist to some songwriting royalties stemming from sales of that single.
However, as Soft Cell wrote neither "Tainted Love" nor "Where Did Our Love Go", they lost the opportunity to make a greater sum of money from songwriting royalties stemming from one of the most popular songs of the 1980s. Almond expressed regret for this in his book, attributed the error to naïveté; the duo's first album, Non-Stop Erotic Cabaret, hit UK No. 5 and further explored the now-trademark Soft Cell themes of squalor and sleaze. "Seedy Films" talks of long nights in porno cinemas, while "Frustration" and "Secret Life" deal with the boredom and hypocrisy associated with suburban life. A companion video titled Non-Stop Exotic Video Show was released alongside the album and featured videos directed by Tim Pope; the video generated some controversy in Britain due to a scandal involved with the "Sex Dwarf" clip. The original version of the music video was confiscated by police and censored before it was released. A re-filmed "Sex Dwarf" appeared in Non-Stop Exotic Video Show featuring Almond dressed in a tuxedo, directing a symphony orchestra of transvestites.
Non-Stop Erotic Cabaret garnered two additional hits: "Bedsitter" dealt with the loneliness and lifestyle of a young man having left home to live in a bedsit while partying hard. "Bedsitter" reached No. 4 in the UK Singles Chart in November 1981. The song was acclaimed in a retrospective review by AllMusic journalist Ned Raggett who wrote that it "ranks as one of the best, most realistic portrayals of urban life recorded." The final single on the album, the ballad "Say Hello, Wave Goodbye", peaked at No. 3 in February 1982 and was subsequently covered by David Gray nearly 20 years when his version reached No. 26 in the UK. During 1982, the duo spent most of their time recording and relaxing in New York City, where they met a woman named Cindy Ecstasy whom Almond would confirm was his drug supplier. Soon after "Say Hello Wave Goodbye" dropped out of the chart, Soft Cell released a brand new song, another love song called "Torch", to prove the closest the band got to ha
Northern Lights – Southern Cross
Northern Lights – Southern Cross is the sixth studio album by Canadian-American rock group the Band, released in 1975. It was the first album to be recorded at their new California studio, Shangri-La, the first album of all new material since 1971's Cahoots. All eight songs are credited as compositions of guitarist Robbie Robertson. Northern Lights – Southern Cross was recorded using a 24-track tape recorder, which allowed Garth Hudson to include multiple layers of keyboards on several tracks. Three songs from the album – "It Makes No Difference", "Ophelia" and "Acadian Driftwood" – were performed at The Last Waltz, the Band's 1976 "final performance". "It Makes No Difference" and "Ophelia" were included in the Last Waltz film and on the original 1978 soundtrack album, "Acadian Driftwood" was included in the 2002 extended re-release of the soundtrack album. These songs in particular have enjoyed subsequent revivals and cover versions. "Acadian Driftwood" was featured in a 1984 CBC-TV special titled Murray McLauchlan's Floating Over Canada.
The only Band member to appear in the sequence was Levon Helm. In this presentation of the song, his wife Sandy Helm, Murray McLauchlan depict the expulsion of Acadian citizens by British forces; the album was well-received critically: Rolling Stone declared that The Band had kicked "a field goal", while he was put off by the sentimentality of the lyrics, Robert Christgau wrote "the pure comeliness of every melody on this album led to an immediate infatuation." All songs composed by Robbie Robertson. Sides one and two were combined as tracks 1–8 on CD reissues; the Band Rick Danko - bass, violin, vocals Levon Helm - drums, percussion, vocals Garth Hudson - organ, accordion, synthesizers, brass, chanter, bass Richard Manuel - acoustic and electric piano, organ, clavinet, vocals Robbie Robertson - guitars, clavinet, percussionAdditional personnelByron Berline - fiddle on "Acadian Driftwood" Nat Jeffrey - engineer Ed Anderson - engineer Album - Billboard Singles - Billboard – Peter Viney's article on "Acadian Driftwood" at theband.hiof.no – Peter Viney's article on "Jupiter Hollow" at theband.hiof.no
Kristian Olaf Bernhard Birkeland was a Norwegian scientist. He is best remembered for his theories of atmospheric electric currents that elucidated the nature of the aurora borealis. In order to fund his research on the aurorae, he invented the electromagnetic cannon and the Birkeland-Eyde process of fixing nitrogen from the air. Birkeland was nominated for the Nobel Prize seven times. Birkeland was born in Christiania to Reinart Birkeland and Ingeborg and wrote his first scientific paper at the age of 18. Birkeland married Ida Charlotte Hammer in May 1905, they had no children and, due to Birkeland's preoccupation with his work, they divorced in 1911. Suffering from severe paranoia due to his use of Veronal as a sleeping aid, he died under mysterious circumstances in his room in the Hotel Seiyoken in Tokyo while visiting colleagues at the University of Tokyo. A post-mortem revealed that Birkeland had taken 10 g of veronal the night he died, instead of the 0.5 g recommended. The time of death was estimated at 7am on 15 June 1917.
Some authors have claimed. "On the nightstand lay a revolver". Birkeland organized several expeditions to Norway's high-latitude regions where he established a network of observatories under the auroral regions to collect magnetic field data; the results of the Norwegian Polar Expedition conducted from 1899 to 1900 contained the first determination of the global pattern of electric currents in the polar region from ground magnetic field measurements. The discovery of X-rays inspired Birkeland to develop vacuum chambers to study the influence of magnets on cathode rays. Birkeland noticed that an electron beam directed toward a magnetised terrella was guided toward the magnetic poles and produced rings of light around the poles and concluded that the aurora could be produced in a similar way, he developed a theory in which energetic electrons were ejected from sunspots on the solar surface, directed to the Earth, guided to the Earth's polar regions by the geomagnetic field where they produced the visible aurora.
This is the theory of the aurora today. Birkeland proposed in 1908 in his book The Norwegian Aurora Polaris Expedition 1902–1903 that polar electric currents, today referred to as auroral electrojets, were connected to a system of currents that flowed along geomagnetic field lines into and away from the polar region; such field-aligned currents are known today as Birkeland currents in his honour. He provided a diagram of field-aligned currents in the book, this diagram was reproduced on the back of the Norwegian 200 kroner 7th series banknote in the in the lower right corner, his terrella experiment is shown on the front at the left with a portrait of Birkeland on the right; the book on the 1902–1903 expedition contains chapters on magnetic storms on the Earth and their relationship to the Sun, the origin of the Sun itself, Halley's comet, the rings of Saturn. Birkeland's vision of what are now known as Birkeland currents became the source of a controversy that continued for over half a century, because their existence could not be confirmed from ground-based measurements alone.
His theory was disputed and ridiculed at the time as a fringe theory by mainstream scientists, most notoriously by the eminent British geophysicist and mathematician Sydney Chapman who argued the mainstream view that currents could not cross the vacuum of space and therefore the currents had to be generated by the Earth. Birkeland's theory of the aurora continued to be dismissed by mainstream astrophysicists after his death in 1917, it was notably championed by the Swedish plasma scientist Hannes Alfvén, but Alfvén's work in turn was disputed by Chapman. Proof of Birkeland's theory of the aurora only came in 1967; the crucial results were obtained from U. S. Navy satellite 1963-38C, carrying a magnetometer above the ionosphere. Magnetic disturbances were observed on nearly every pass over the high-latitude regions of the Earth; these were interpreted as hydromagnetic waves, but on analysis it was realized that they were due to field-aligned or Birkeland currents. The scale of Birkeland's research enterprises was such.
Recognizing that technological invention could bring wealth, he developed an electromagnetic cannon and, with some investors, formed a firearms company. The coil-gun worked; the most he could get from his largest machine was 100 m/s, corresponding to a disappointing projectile range of only 1 km. So he renamed the device an aerial torpedo and arranged a demonstration with the express aim of selling the company. At the demonstration, one of the coils shorted and produced a sensational inductive arc complete with noise and smoke; this was the first failure of any of the launchers. It could have been repaired and another demonstration organized. However, fate intervened in the form of an engineer named Sam Eyde. At a dinner party only one week Eyde told Birkeland that there was an industrial need for the biggest flash of lightning that can be brought down to Earth in order to make artificial fertilizer. Birkeland's reply was, "I have it!" There were no more attempts to sell the firearms company, he worked with Eyde only long enough to build a plasma arc device for the nitrogen fixation process.
The pair worked to develop the prototype furnace into a design, economically viable for large-scale manufacture. The resulting company, Norsk Hydro, hugely enriched Norway, Birkeland enjoyed adequate funding for research, his only real interest; the Birkeland–Eyde process is inefficient in terms of ene
"Northern Lites" is the ninth single by Super Furry Animals. It was the first single to be taken from the Guerrilla album and reached number 11 in the UK Singles Chart after its release on 10 May 1999; the song was inspired by the El Niño phenomenon. The track's title refers to the Aurora Borealis, a natural light display which the band were convinced they had seen prior to the song being written. Rhys wrote the melody for "Northern Lites" several years before it was completed but only decided on a calypso style after he wrote the lyrics; the steel drums on the track are played by keyboardist Cian Ciaran and were added on the spur of the moment after the group saw them "lying around" Real World Studios during recording. Critical reaction was positive with the song being named "Single of the Week" in both the Melody Maker and NME, with the latter listing the song at number 3 in their single of the year list for 1999; the music video for "Northern Lites" was directed by Super Furry Animals and Martin McCarthy and features footage of curling and Irish road bowling although Rhys has blamed the song's failure to chart higher on the fact that it "didn't have a video".
"Northern Lites" was written by singer Gruff Rhys about "the weather", was inspired by coverage of the "terrifying, seven-year phenomenon" of the west Pacific El Niño climate pattern on "weather channels" in 1998. The song's title refers to the Aurora Borealis, a natural light display which can be observed in the polar regions, at night; the band were convinced that they had seen the lights before the track was written but, as no-one else was present, they could not get confirmation that what they had witnessed was not a "Furry fantasy". Rhys has claimed that he would have called the song "Aurora Borealis" but "Latin song titles are out of the question". Although Rhys has said that the song is "about asking Jesus if he decides to seek his revenge on us, to get it over with as soon as possible and blow us away to the Northern Lights" he has stated that, although some critics have interpreted the track as being about "questioning one's faith", it is "just a song about the weather"; the melody of "Northern Lites" was written by Rhys several years.
The band experimented with reggae and "dirgy rock" styles before Rhys wrote the lyrics and, because they were inspired by adverse weather conditions affecting Latin America, tried playing along to a preset calypso rhythm track, on his keyboard. The singer has stated that, although he does not think the band have "any right to make Latin-influenced" songs, they did not choose a calypso style for the track in a cynical attempt to "crack South America"; the group are not "purists" and feel that Latin music is "part of cultural esperanto". The track was recorded in the middle of 1998 at Real World Studios, Wiltshire, along with the rest of Guerrilla, was produced by Super Furry Animals; the band allowed "the music to dictate itself" during recording sessions, choosing to add steel drums on the spur of the moment after seeing the instruments "lying around" Real World during recording. The steel drum parts were performed by keyboardist Cian Ciaran, despite the fact he did not know how to play them.
"Northern Lites" is in the key of E minor. The song begins with an intro with steel drums, featuring a flanging effect, before a brass section enters after 6 seconds playing a melody line accompanied by a güiro, sparse drums and an acoustic guitar playing the chords Em7 and A; the melody line plays twice after which Gruff Rhys begins singing the first verse alongside the güiro and steel drums which no longer have a flange effect. Towards the end of the verse a distorted guitar melody line plays alongside Rhys's vocal and harmony backing vocals enter; the song's first chorus begins at 48 seconds with Rhys singing "There's a distant light, a forest fire burning everything in sight". During the second verse the brass section rejoins. After another chorus the song's extended "play-out" section begins at 2 minutes and 13 seconds with Rhys repeating the lines "Don't worry me, or hurry me, blow me far away to the Northern Lites" accompanied by harmony backing vocals; the track breaks down to just drums and vocals at 2 minutes and 40 seconds after which the band and brass section rejoin.
A prominent lead guitar melody begins after 2 minutes and 47 seconds and plays alongside the vocals, acoustic guitar and drums until the track fades out and ends at 3 minutes and 31 seconds. "Northern Lites" was released on CD, cassette and 7" on 10 May 1999 and reached number 11 on the UK Singles Chart. The cover features a model of a "three-eyed, four-armed, squid-headed Eskimo warrior" designed by artist Pete Fowler; the warrior is shown holding "two portable poles of latitude and longitude" and has "the heating regulator of the world" around his neck. The track was included on the band's greatest hits compilation album Songbook: The Singles, Vol. 1, issued in 2004."Northern Lites" received positive reviews. The NME listed the song as the "Single of the Week" on its release, with reviewer Johnny Cigarettes stating that the track was "head and shoulders above anything released this or most other weeks". Cigarettes saw "Northern Lites" as indicative of the Super Furry Animals' "genius idiosyncrasy and elegantly eccentric class" and described the song as "somewhere between a Mexican cocktail bar, a'60s surf party, a Vegas lounge show and a good acid trip".
Cigarettes compared the vocal harmonies on the track to those of The Beach Boys and stated that the song has a "classic, Bacharach" quality" although he did criticise the indecipherable lyrics whi
The eMac, short for education Mac, is an all-in-one Macintosh desktop computer made by Apple Computer, Inc. Released in 2002, it was aimed at the education market, but was made available as a cheaper mass-market alternative to Apple's second-generation LCD iMac G4; the eMac was pulled from retail on October 12, 2005, was sold to educational institutions thereafter. It was discontinued by Apple on July 5, 2006, replaced by a cheaper, low-end iMac that, like the eMac, was sold to educational institutions; the eMac design resembles the first-generation iMac. Compared to the first iMac, eMacs feature a PowerPC G4 processor, faster than the previous generation G3 processors, as well as a 17-inch flat CRT display, aimed at the education market, as LCD screens would be expensive. Unlike the iMac G3, the eMac is not meant to be portable as it weighs 50 lb and lacks a carrying handle; the eMac catered to the mass market taking over from the soon-to-be-discontinued iMac G3 to become the entry-level Macintosh from 2003 to 2005, while the iMac G4 was positioned as a premium offering throughout its lifetime.
The eMac offered similar performance and features to the iMac G4 while they were sold side-by-side. The eMac was supplanted by the iMac G5 in 2005 to 2006. Apple introduced the eMac in April 2002; the eMac was intended for education buyers, but the demand for it was high enough that it was made available for general retail one month later. In the retail market, it was positioned as a lower-cost alternative to the released second-generation G4-powered iMac; the new iMac's LCD, which at the time was more costly than a CRT, made it more expensive than its G3 predecessor, so the eMac was considered the more affordable upgrade for those looking for more processing power than the iMac G3. The eMac featured a 17-inch flat-screen CRT monitor, a Freescale PowerPC G4 processor running at 700 or 800 MHz, Nvidia GeForce2 MX graphics, built-in 18-watt stereo speakers; the retail models were priced at US$1,099 and US$1,499 which filled the price gap between the US$799 iMac G3 and the US$1499 iMac G4. Apple discontinued the iMac G3 line in March 2003 but did not fill the "cheap" price point until May 2003, when the eMac line was updated and its price brought down to old iMac levels.
That revision brought the processor speed to 800 MHz and 1 GHz and replaced the GeForce2 MX with an ATI Radeon 7500 graphics card. The eMac was further improved in October 2003, when the 800 MHz model was eliminated and the 1 GHz model was brought down in price; the more expensive 1 GHz model that included a SuperDrive was made cheaper. This model was notable for being one of the least expensive brand-name computers at the time that could burn DVDs, it was both the last revision of the eMac able to run Apple's OS 9 operating system natively and the last Macintosh model sold that retained this capability. The next revision to the eMac line came in April 2004, with DDR SDRAM, a faster processor running at 1.25 GHz, a better ATI Radeon 9200 video chipset. The most recent revision came in May 2005, with an faster CPU running at 1.42 GHz, Radeon 9600 graphics, larger standard hard disks. On October 12, 2005, Apple once again restricted sales of the eMac to educational institutions and returned to its "E is for Education" marketing plan, attached to the product from the original restriction to education buyers.
The company re-implemented this restrictive measure for unspecified reasons. Some analysts believe Apple wanted to force the general public to purchase the more expensive Mac mini or iMac which had higher profit margins; the eMac was the only CRT display product left in Apple's lineup which made it somewhat bulky compared to new offerings which had compact form factors due to LCD screens. The falling cost of LCD displays would gradually bring down the prices of the iMac G5. However, the eMac was still available for sale to the general public through some third-party retailer websites. On July 5, 2006, the entire eMac line was discontinued. An "educational configuration" of the iMac Core Duo was introduced that same day, which has a Combo drive rather than a SuperDrive and a smaller hard disk of 80 GB. eMacs natively boot Mac OS 9.2.2 and Mac OS X beginning with OS X 10.1.4. With the exception of some non-SuperDrive-equipped 1 GHz units, models 1 GHz and faster cannot boot OS 9, while eMacs slower than 1.0 GHz do not support 10.5.
No model of eMac can run OS X 10.6 or higher, because Snow Leopard requires an Intel-based processor. A number of eMac machines have suffered from what was known as "Raster Shift", a phenomenon where the bottom third or half of the screen goes black, with the rest of image shifting upward and beyond the top boundary of the display. Serious static accompanies the problem, rendering the viewable part of the screen useless. In response to the problem, Apple offered a solution which involved the replacement of a video cable inside the eMac's case. EMac Specifications Everymac Specs Archive Apple Introduces low cost Education Configuration for 17-inch iMac eMac Upgrade Guide via Internet Archive