FK Bodø/Glimt is a Norwegian football club from the town of Bodø that plays in Eliteserien, the Norwegian top division. The club was founded in 1916, its nickname is the original club name: Glimt. Bodø/Glimt have won the Northern Norwegian Cup nine times, Norwegian Cup twice and finished second in the Norwegian top division in 1977, 1993 and 2003. Glimt is known for the yellow kits and the huge yellow toothbrushes that the supporters carry to the matches — a supporter symbol from the 1970s. In the beginning of the 2000s, Bodø/Glimt was one of the top teams in Norway, but was relegated at the end of the 2005 season. After two years, on 12 November 2007, the team returned to the top division again, following a 4–2 aggregate victory over Odd Grenland in a promotion playoff, their supporters are known as "Den Gule Horde". While other towns in Nordland county like Narvik, Mo i Rana and Mosjøen had started their football clubs earlier, the larger town of Bodø was without a major football club until the latter part of 1916.
The new club was founded as Football Club Glimt. One of the founders was Erling Tjærandsen, who became the club's first club president and an honorary club member. Glimt's first match was against Bodø Highschool. In 1919 Glimt won their first title: County Champions of Nordland. In the 1920s, Glimt suffered from poor finances. At one point, there were talks about merging Glimt into the Ski Club B. & O. I, but following discussions, the intentions were not carried through; the club received an infusion of new encouragement through visiting footballing stars and coaches from southern Norway such as Jørgen Juve in 1929. In the 1930s Glimt began training indoors in order to reduce the impact of the severe arctic winters; this new approach in the late 1920s and early 1930s yielded some positive results, Glimt have since been a top club in Northern Norway and in Norway overall since the 1970s. Teams from Northern Norway were not allowed to compete in the Norwegian cup-competition until 1963. In their first appearance in the Norwegian FA cup in 1963, Bodø/Glimt managed to get as far as the fourth round after a home win 7–1 over Nordil, two away wins.
The first beating Nidelv and a mighty win over Rosenborg. In the fourth round, Glimt had to play this time against Frigg from Oslo. Frigg won Glimt was out of the Cup. However, Bodø/Glimt had proven that teams from Northern Norway could play at the same level as the southern teams, it was not until 1972 that northern teams had the right to gain promotion to the Norwegian top division. This was due to the old belief that the teams from Nordland and Finnmark could not compete at the same level as the southern teams. Bodø/Glimt is one of three teams from Northern Norway that have played in the Norwegian top division, the others being Tromsø and Mjølner. From 1973 Norway had three second divisions: two divisions for the southern teams and one for the northern teams. Bodø/Glimt took three years to gain due to the promotion rules; the first place holders in the two southern divisions gained instant promotion, but the first place holder in the northern second division had to compete in play-off matches against the two second place holders from the south.
The league-system made a lot of bitterness in the north. This bitterness worsened in 1975 when Bodø/Glimt, as the first club form Northern-Norway, won the Norwegian Cup, but did not gain promotion due to the special play-off rules for the North-Norwegian clubs. In the 1974 and 1975 season, Bodø/Glimt still lost in the play-offs. In 1976, Bodø/Glimt managed at last to beat the league-system with a 4–0 win over Odd and a 1–1 draw against Lyn, making Glimt the second North-Norwegian team to gain promotion to the top division, after FK Mjølner's promotion in 1971. Not until the late 1970s the Norwegian Football Association changed the promotion rules, the play-off matches for Northern clubs were dropped. From on there was no difference where a club had its home-ground. After a glorious top-division debut in 1977 — second place in the league and the cup, both against Lillestrøm — Bodø/Glimt played four seasons at the top level before relegation in 1980, finishing last at 12th place; the 1980s were the darkest hours in the club history, with Bodø/Glimt playing in the 2nd division and the regional 3rd division.
For a couple of years in the mid-1980s, they weren't the best team in Bodø, with rivals Grand Bodø surpassing them in the standings. But the tide turned in 1991. With coach Jan Muri in charge, Glimt was promoted to 1st division; the following season they hired Trond Sollied as coach, the team won the 1st division in the 1992 season. At last, in 1993, Bodø/Glimt was back in the top-division, as in the debut season of 1977 they took second place in the league; this time they managed to win the cup final. The Cup-Championship was the crowning of three remarkable seasons, going from 2nd division to 2nd place in the top-division in only three years — an achievement seen in the Norwegian league system. Since the reentering in the top-division Bodø/Glimt have had a rather strange performance-chart. A good league performance one season have been followed with nearly relegation the next season is illustrated with the 1993 and 1994 seasons when Glimt won the cup and became league runners-up, in 1994 a better goal-difference allowed Bodø/Glimt to stay in the top division.
Another example of the rollercoaster ride of Bodø/Glimt league performan
Football in Norway
Football is the most popular sport in Norway in terms of active membership. The Football Association of Norway was founded in 1902 and the first international match was played in 1908. There are about 25,000 teams. There are 393,801 registered football players, which means that 8.5% of the population play organized football. The first football team in Norway was started by a buekorps in Bergen, Nygaards Bataljon, in 1883. In 1885 the first Norwegian club however, Idrætsforeningen Odd, was founded in Skien; the footballing interest was low, was put on ice after a few months. However, the club Odd Grenland started up with football again in 1894, are now Norway’s oldest football club; the Football Association of Norway, was founded in 1902, established a cup competition. After the NFF joined FIFA in 1908, Norway had its first international match, away against Sweden in Gothenburg. In 1911 Norway hosted its first international in Oslo, again against Sweden. In 1912 the Norwegian national football team attended the Olympic Games, were knocked out after losing to Denmark and Austria 7-0 and 1-0 respectively.
The NFF hosted the FIFA congress in Oslo in 1914, where a national league was established with six teams competed for the title Drafn, Kvik/Halden, Larvik Turn and Odd. Drafn from Drammen went on to be the first league winners; the Norwegian national men’s team won their only medal at an international championship in 1936 at the Germany Olympic Games. In the successful tournament Norway beat Turkey and hosts Germany 4-0 and 2-0 losing to Italy in the semi-final beating Poland 3-2 in the third-place play-off to take the bronze medal; the team is known in Norway as "Bronselaget" meaning the Bronze team. Norways football team won 2-1 to Brazil in 1998; the current national league system administered by the football association is organised as, from 2017 season, 1-1-2-6, where Eliteserien is the highest Norwegian level and OBOS-ligaen the second highest, followed by two third level and six fourth level. The national cup is the oldest football tournament in the country. Norwegian football began to have regular seasons from 1937, when Norgesserien startet with the inaguaral 1937–38 season.
Before that and leagues were played irregularly. In 1963, Norwegian football changed from autumn-spring to spring-autumn seasons; the league football was suspended during the World War II. The following teams have qualified for elimination rounds in the UEFA Champions League. Rosenborg BK Molde FK Rosenborg played in the Champions League on 10 further occasions. List of Norwegian football league champions List of football stadiums in Norway
German occupation of Norway
The German occupation of Norway during World War II began on 9 April 1940 after German forces invaded the neutral Scandinavian country of Norway. Conventional armed resistance to the German invasion ended on 10 June 1940 and the Germans controlled Norway until the capitulation of German forces in Europe on 8/9 May 1945. Throughout this period, Norway was continuously occupied by the Wehrmacht. Civil rule was assumed by the Reichskommissariat Norwegen, which acted in collaboration with a pro-German puppet government, the Quisling regime, while the Norwegian King Haakon VII and the prewar government escaped to London, where they acted as a government in exile; this period of military occupation is in Norway referred to as the "war years" or "occupation period". Having maintained its neutrality during World War I, Norwegian foreign and military policy since 1933 was influenced by three factors: Fiscal austerity promoted by the conservative parties; these three factors met resistance as tensions grew in Europe in the 1930s from Norwegian military staff and right-wing political groups, but also from individuals within the mainstream political establishment and, it has since come to light, by the monarch, King Haakon VII, behind the scenes.
By the late 1930s, the Norwegian parliament Storting had accepted the need for a strengthened military and expanded the budget accordingly by assuming national debt. As it turned out, most of the plans enabled by the budgetary expansion were not completed in time. Although neutrality remained the highest priority, until the invasion was a fait accompli, it was known throughout the government that Norway, above all, did not want to be at war with Britain. On 28 April 1939, Nazi Germany offered Norway and several other Scandinavian countries non-aggression pacts; however to maintain neutrality, it was turned down along with Finland. By the autumn of 1939 there was an increasing sense of urgency because of its long western coastline facing access routes into the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean that Norway had to prepare, not only to protect its neutrality, but indeed to fight for its freedom and independence. Efforts to improve military readiness and capability, to sustain an extended blockade, were intensified between September 1939 and April 1940.
Several incidents in Norwegian maritime waters, notably the Altmark incident in Jøssingfjord, put great strains on Norway's ability to assert its neutrality. Norway managed to negotiate favourable trade treaties both with the United Kingdom and Germany under these conditions, but it became clear that both countries had a strategic interest in denying the other warring power access to Norway and its coastline; the government was increasingly pressured by Britain to direct larger parts of its massive merchant fleet to transport British goods at low rates, as well as to join the trade blockade against Germany. In March and April 1940, British plans for an invasion of Norway were prepared in order to reach and destroy the Swedish iron ore mines in Gällivare, it was hoped that this would divert German forces away from France, open a war front in south Sweden. It was agreed that mines would be laid in Norwegian waters and that the mining should be followed by the landing of troops at four Norwegian ports: Narvik, Trondheim and Stavanger.
Because of Anglo-French arguments, the date of the mining was postponed from 5 April to 8 April. The postponement was catastrophic. On 1 April, German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler had ordered the German invasion of Norway to begin on 9 April. On the pretext that Norway needed protection from British and French interference, Germany invaded Norway for several reasons: strategically, to secure ice-free harbors from which its naval forces could seek to control the North Atlantic. Through neglect both on the part of the Norwegian foreign minister Halvdan Koht and minister of defence Birger Ljungberg, Norway was unprepared for the German military invasion when it came on the night of 8–9 April 1940. A major storm on 7 April resulted in the British Navy failing to make material contact with the German shipping. Consistent with Blitzkrieg warfare, German forces attacked Norway by sea and air as Operation Weserübung was put into action; the first wave of German attackers counted only about 10,000 men. German ships came into the Oslofjord, but were stopped when the Krupp-built artillery and torpedoes of Oscarsborg Fortress sank the German flagship Blücher and sank or damaged the other ships in the German task force.
Blücher transported the forces that would ensure control of the political apparatus in Norway, the sinking and death of over 1,000 soldiers and crew delayed the Germans, so that the King and government had the chance to escape from Oslo. In the other cities that were attacked, the Germans faced no resistance; the surprise, the lack of preparedness of Norway for a large-scale invasion of this kind, gave the German forces their initial success. The major Norwegian ports from Oslo northward to Narvik were occupied by advance detachments of German troops, trans
Norwegian Football Cup
The Norwegian Football Cup is the main knockout cup competition in Norwegian football. It is run by the Football Association of Norway and has been contested since 1902, making it the oldest football tournament in the country; the tournament is known as Cupen or NM, an acronym formed from Norgesmesterskap. These terms are used to describe women's competitions; the equivalent competition for women's teams is the Norwegian Women's Football Cup. The Norwegian Football Cup is a national championship, meaning that while the Eliteserien may be the most prestigious competition to win, it is the winners of the Cup who are awarded the title "Norwegian football champions"; this differs from, for example, English football, where the winners of the FA Premier League are the ones who become English champions. Winners receive the King's trophy. Winners qualify for the Europa League second qualifying round and a place in the Mesterfinalen, the Norwegian super cup match; the current Norwegian champions and holders of the cup are Rosenborg, who defeated Strømsgodset 4–1 in the 2018 final.
Odd and Rosenborg are the most successful clubs with 12 titles each. The first cup was played in 1902, Oscar II presented the King's Cup to the inaugural tournament; this was an invitation tournament organised by Kristiania IF and the Norwegian Football Association, given official status. Five teams joined the competition, Odd reached the final without playing a match. Grane won the first Norwegian Cup after they defeated Odd 2 -- 0 at Kristiania; the first tournament who had official status at the time of the events was the 1904 Norwegian Cup and was won by Odd. In the beginning, the cup was open for county champions only; this continued until 1933. Due to the outbreak of World War II, the competition was not played between the 1940 and 1945 editions; the competition was not nationwide until 1963. 1963 was the first year clubs from Northern Norway were allowed to participate, this was due to a poor communication system in the northern parts of Norway and to the belief that the clubs in the three northern counties could not compete on the same level as the southern clubs.
Until 1963, teams from Northern Norway their own Northern Norwegian Championships. Before the 2004 cup final, NRK awarded the 1986 final between Tromsø and Lillestrøm with the title Tidenes Cupfinale, ex-Rosenborg striker Gøran Sørloth with Tidenes Cuphelt; the final has been played at Ullevaal Stadion since the 1948 cup final. Before the proper rounds take place, two qualifying rounds are played in April. 176 clubs from tier 4 and 5 enter the first qualifying round and 44 of these advance to the first round where they are joined by 84 teams from tiers 1, 2 and 3. The first round of the cup are played in April, around the same time as the Eliteserien season starts; the first two rounds are set up by the Norwegian Football Association, the top flight teams are pitted against weak amateur teams in rural areas, on the amateur team's home pitch. Early upsets, where an amateur team knocks a professional team out of the tournament do happen occasionally. For example, in 2012 the Eliteserien teams Sandnes Ulf and Sogndal were knocked out in the first round by the third division teams Staal Jørpeland IL and Florø SK respectively.
If the amateur team loses, squaring off against a professional team may well be the highlight of their season. From the third round to the semi-final, matchups are drawn at random, the teams face off once, the winner goes on to the next round; the final match is played at Ullevaal Stadium in November or December, takes place near the end of the Norwegian football season. The cup is popular in Norway, tickets for the final match are hard to get hold of, as the game sells out quickly; the supporters of the two teams playing in the final match are seated at the two short-ends of the pitch, while the more neutral supporters are seated by the long-ends. The match is televised on national television. Most entrants from level 4 and all entrants from level 5 have to play to qualifying rounds to join the competition proper. Reserve teams of Eliteserien clubs, who are eligible to play in 2. Divisjon can not enter. Depending of the number of reserve teams, the first round proper will be filled with the best clubs from level 4 until the number of teams from levels 1–4 is 84.
Clubs from higher levels are added in the first round, as per the table below. The months in which rounds are played are traditional, with exact dates subject to each year's calendar. In all rounds, if a fixture result in a draw after normal time, the winner is settled by a period of extra time, if still necessary, a penalty shootout. Earlier, fixtures resulting in a draw would go to a replay, played at the venue of the away team; the first Cup Final to go to a replay was the 1945 final, between Fredrikstad. The initial tie finished 1–1 and the first replay finished 1–1. Lyn won the second replay 4–0; the only other time the final has taken three matches to settle was the 1965 final between Oslo rivals Skeid and Frigg. The last replayed final was the 1995 Cup Final, when Brann fought a 1 -- 1 draw; the replay saw Rosenborg win the Cup, with the score 3–1. The first final to be decided by a penalty shootout was the 2009 final between Aalesund; the score ended 1 -- 1 after 2 -- 2 after extra time. Aalesund w
Eliteserien is a Norwegian professional league for association football clubs. At the top of the Norwegian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the 1. Divisjon. Seasons run from March to November with each team playing 30 matches. Most games are played on Sunday evenings. Eliteserien was founded in 1937 as Norgesserien, the first season was the 1937–38 season; the structure and organisation of Eliteserien along with Norway's other football leagues have undergone frequent changes right up to the present day. Starting with the 2017 season the league is called Eliteserien after NFF decided to drop the sponsor name from the name of the league after the 2016 season; the broadcasting rights were in December 2015 secured by Discovery Networks who signed a six-year deal giving them rights to broadcast all the 240 games in Eliteserien from 2017 to 2023. The deal was worth; the league generates NOK 400 million per year in domestic television rights.
Sixteen clubs have won the title since the inception of the league in 1937: Rosenborg, Viking, Lillestrøm, Vålerenga, Larvik Turn, Lyn, Strømsgodset, Fram Larvik, Moss and Stabæk. In 2010, Rosenborg became, still remain, the only club to complete an Eliteserien campaign without losing a single game; the record of most points in a season is 71 by Molde in 2014. Since its establishment as a one-group top flight in 1963, forty-seven clubs have competed in Eliteserien. Before 1937, there was no national league competition in Norway. Starting in 1937–38, the various regional leagues in Southern Norway were aligned into eight districts, with a championship playoff between the winners to crown a national champion; this competition was called Norgesserien. In the early years, the top flight teams were divided into eleven groups from eight districts; the league champion was decided in either a knockout tournament or a final between the winners of these groups. Fredrikstad was the first champions of the league, winning the 1937–38 season.
They won the two-legged final against Lyn 4–0 on aggregate. Fredrikstad defended their title in the 1938–39 season. From the 1937–38 season and until the beginning of World War II, the teams were divided into eight district groups. There were plans at the time to merge the district leagues into a national competition, but because of World War II, this process was delayed until after the war, although the first post-war season in 1947–48 had eleven district-based groups. In 1948, Hovedserien was created, consisting of the 16 top teams from the district leagues, who were placed into two groups of eight, with the group winners playing a two-legged final for the national championship at the end of the season; this format was in place from the 1948–49 season until 1960–61, when it was decided to merge the two groups into a single top division, have the season follow the calendar year from 1963 onwards. The 1950s were dominated by Larvik Turn. Fredrikstad won their latest league title in 1960–61, which secured their ninth title out of sixteen possible.
Larvik Turn won Hovedserien three times in four seasons from 1955–56. The 1961–62 season was played during 15 months; the teams from the two groups in the 1960–61 top division were put in one group consisting of 16 teams. The 1961–62 season became a transitional season, where the 16 top-flight teams were placed in a single group, playing a season that went on for 15 months and one half of its teams were relegated. Still known as Hovedserien, the 1961–62 season is referred to as Maratonserien due to its unusual length, and was won by Brann. In 1963, a single top division containing ten teams was introduced, the league was renamed 1. Divisjon; the first regular one-league season was played spring-autumn and was won by title defenders Brann in 1963. The league was expanded to 12 teams in 1972. Teams from Northern Norway were not allowed to gain promotion to the top division before 1972, were subject to stricter promotion rules than teams from the rest of Norway until 1979. Viking won the league four consecutive seasons beginning in 1972.
Lillestrøm won back-to-back titles in 1976 and 1977. In 1979 teams from Northern Norway were given the same promotion rights as the rest of the country. In the beginning of the 1980s, Vålerengen were the dominant team, with their titles from 1981, 1983 and 1984. In 1990, the league was renamed Tippeligaen, after Norsk Tipping, the main sponsor of the league since then. However, unofficially the league was still known as 1. Divisjon by most people, and ahead of the 1991-season it was decided to let the second level league of Norwegian football "inherit" the name 1. Divisjon to help Tippeligaen establish as a brand. Rosenborg of Trondheim won the first year the league bore the name Tippeligaen in 1990. Followed by a win by Viking of Stavanger in 1991. In 1992, Rosenborg started a run of 13 consecutive titles. During the first years of Rosenborg's thirteen-year run, they won the league with substantial margins, only challenged by Bodø/Glimt, Lillestrøm and Brann. However, this was narrowing down towards a dramatic finish in 2004, where the Trondheim team tied with Vålerenga of Oslo in game points and on goal difference, but finished ahead on number of goals scored.
However, in 2005 the winning streak came to an end as
Northern Norway is a geographical region of Norway, consisting of the three northernmost counties Nordland and Finnmark, in total about 35% of the Norwegian mainland. Some of the largest towns in Northern Norway are Mo i Rana, Bodø, Harstad, Tromsø and Alta. Northern Norway is described as the land of the midnight sun and the land of the northern lights. Further north, halfway to the North Pole, is the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, traditionally not regarded as part of Northern Norway; the region is multi-cultural, housing not just Norwegians but the indigenous Sami people, Norwegian Finns and Russian populations. The Norwegian language dominates in most of the area. Finnish is spoken in only a few communities in the east of Finnmark. Northern Norway covers about a third of Norway; the southernmost part the part south of the Arctic Circle, is called Helgeland. Here there is a multitude of islands and skerries on the outside of the coastal range, some flat, some with impressive shapes, like Mount Torghatten, which has a hole through it, the Seven Sisters near Sandnessjøen.
The inland is covered with dense spruce mountains near the Swedish border. The highest mountain in Northern Norway is found here in the Okstindan range south of Mo i Rana with Oksskolten reaching 1,915 metres above sea level, with the glacier Okstindbreen; the Saltfjellet range, with its Svartisen glacier and intersecting Arctic Circle, divides Helgeland from the next region, called Salten. Notable peaks in Salten are the Børvasstindan south of Bodø, Suliskongen near Fauske, the Steigartindan and the phallic Hamarøytinden. Between Saltfjellet and eastern Finnmark, Norway spruce trees have been planted and are privately owned; the older plantations are now producing lumber, 80 years after planted. Lofoten is a chain of peaks. From the mainland side it looks barren, but behind the violet-black peaks there are flatlands with good grazing for sheep on soil made from seaweed; the Vesterålen islands consist of bigger islands with a huge variation in landscape. Ofoten, further inland, is a fjord landscape with high mountains, the highest is Storsteinfjellet in Narvik, 1,894 m above sea level, but the most well-known is Stetind, the national mountain of Norway.
There are glaciers, like Frostisen and Blåisen. Troms county has surprising greenery for the latitude, the inner waterways and fjords are lined with birch forests, further inland there are extensive pine forests and highlands around the rivers Målselva and Reisaelva. Big islands like Senja, Kvaløya and Ringvassøya have green, forested interiors and a barren, mountainous coastline, with smaller islands offshore; the Lyngen Alps are the highest mountains of the area, rising to 1,833 metres, an area of glaciers and waterfalls. The 269 metres Mollisfossen waterfall in Nordreisa is the highest waterfall in the north, while Målselvfossen is Norway's national waterfall. Finnmark county has fjords and glaciers in the far southwest, the northwestern coasts are characterized by big islands, like Sørøya and Seiland; the inland is covered by Finnmarksvidda, a barren plateau about 300 to 400 metres high, with many lakes and rivers like Alta-Kautokeino and Tana/Deatnu. At this latitude, pine forests grow in lowland areas inland.
East of Honningsvåg, there are no islands protecting the barren coasts that rise directly up from the sea. The landscape towards the Russian border is comparatively flat. Knivskjellodden on the island of Magerøya marks the northern end of Europe. Finnmark is situated north of northernmost Finland, to the east Norway has a 196 kilometres border with Russia; the oldest known historical culture in the region is called Komsa, named after a mountain in Alta. The first people arrived around 12–13,000 years ago, but it is uncertain whether they came from southern Norway or from the Kola Peninsula. Today the rock carvings at Hjemmeluft in Alta or at Leknes in Nordland are among the remainders of the Stone Age cultures, showing reindeer swimming across the fjords. A significant find area is between the river Tana and the fjord of Varanger, where the reindeer ran over the isthmus on the way between the winter and summer grazing; the question of the ethnic identity of the Stone Age cultures is politically charged, as many Sami feel the uncertainty surrounding the earliest settlers in Northern Norway is being used to question their status as an indigenous people.
Metals were introduced around 500 BC. The Sami culture can be traced back at least 2,000 years. There is some archeological evidence of Bronze Age agricultural settlements about 2,500 years old, as in Steigen and Sømna. In 2009, archeologist discovered evidence of barley grown in Kvæfjord near Harstad in the Bronze Age 1000 BC. A larger settlement by people of Germanic origin, with substantial archeological evidence, seem to have occurred around 200–300 AD; these settled along the coasts up to Tromsø. The two e
Tromsø Idrettslag is a Norwegian professional football club founded in 1920, based in the city of Tromsø. They play their home games at Alfheim Stadion. Tromsø play in the Eliteserien and holds the position as the northernmost top-level football club in the world; the club was first promoted to the Norwegian Premier League in 1985, where they have played since with the exception of the 2001 and 2014 seasons which were spent in the 1. Divisjon. Tromsø have won the Norwegian Cup twice, in 1986 and 1996, have competed in several UEFA competitions; the Norwegian Cup trophies make Tromsø the northernmost club in the world to have won a nationwide title. The club was founded on 15 September 1920, given the name Tromsø Turnforenings Fotballag, or Turn for short; the first match after the formal foundation was against cross-town rivals a 0 -- 0 draw. However, it would not take long before success came to Turn, in 1927, the club won its first district championship. In 1930, the club changed its name to Tromsø Idrettslag because the Norwegian Sports Association thought the club's name was too close to the name of Tromsø Gymnastics Association.
However, this was only temporary, the club changed its name to Tor in 1931. 1931 would be the year the club won its first Northern Norwegian Cup, the highest possible achievement for a Northern Norwegian club at the time. The club beat Mo IL 3–1 in the final; the year after, the Norwegian Sports Association ruled the club could not be named Tor, so Tromsø Idrettslag was again chosen, this time permanently. Tromsø won its second district championship in 1932, but was eliminated in the semi-finals of the Northern Norwegian Cup; the 1930s proved to be a good decade for Tromsø, as the club won district championships in 1933, 1936 and 1937. However, sports activities came to an end in 1940 because of World War II, the club did not play again before 1945. Tromsø started the post-war years in a good fashion, winning the club's sixth district championship in 1946. In 1949, Tromsø won its second Northern Norwegian cup; this time, the final match was played at Harstad Stadium, Tromsø were to play FK Bodø/Glimt.
Tromsø won 3–1, just like in 1931. Tromsø won five consecutive district championships between 1950–1954, before the club was introduced into the Norwegian league system; the club's third and last Northern Norwegian cup came in 1956. Tromsø met Harstad IL – the champions of the previous three years – in Harstad, making Harstad the favourites. However, Tromsø won the match 2–0. Clubs from Northern Norway were allowed into the Norwegian cup in 1963, Tromsø participated for the first time in 1964, advancing to the second round after beating FK Mjølner; the club was eliminated in the second round by Nidelv IL. The 1960s were a period of stadium expansions for the club, with both Valhall Stadium and Alfheim Stadium getting grass fields; because of the inclusion of Northern Norwegian clubs in the Norwegian Cup, the Northern Norwegian Cup was dropped. Tromsø played its last Northern Norwegian Cup match in 1969. With Northern Norwegian clubs accepted in the cup, the only thing left to be included in was the top division.
This occurred in 1972, when FK Mjølner moved to the 1. Divisjon. However, at the time, Tromsø was fighting in the bottom of the Northern Norwegian 2nd division, was relegated. In 1975, Tromsø would be back in the 2. Divisjon after winning promotion the year before. However, the club was once more relegated, this time after only one season in the second highest level of the league system. Tromsø was back in the 2. Divisjon in 1978, won it this time. However, the qualification matches against the two southern teams Hamarkameratene and Fredrikstad FK were lost 3–0 and 1–0 respectively; the next year, 1979, marked the first year with an all-Norwegian 2. Divisjon, giving equal chances for all teams, regardless of geographical position. Tromsø was again relegated. Tromsø was promoted back to the 2. Divisjon after not losing a single match in the 3. Divisjon in 1980. Followed relegation in 1981 and promotion in 1982, before the club managed to establish itself in the 2nd division. Two decent seasons in 1983 and 1984 were followed by a second-place finish in 1985, which meant the club would again play qualification matches for the top division.
First, Sogndal were beaten 1–0. Tromsø won the decisive match against Moss FK 1–0, after a legendary penalty kick save by goalkeeper Bjarte Flem. Tromsø became the third and, for the time being, latest Northern Norwegian club to qualify for the top division, the other two being FK Mjølner and FK Bodø/Glimt; the first season in the top division would be hard for Tromsø, the club had to play qualification to survive. The club was successful in the cup the same year, beating top division champions Lillestrøm SK 4–1 in the final match, a match, thought to be a walk in the park for Lillestrøm before it was played. An experiment in the 1987 season proved valuable to Tromsø: tied matches would be decided on penalty shootouts, awarding three points for a win, two for a shootout win, one for a shootout loss and zero for a loss. Thanks to Bjarte Flem's exceptional penalty saves, Tromsø won seven out of nine shootouts this year; the experiment was dropped after the seaso