Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania
Susquehanna County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,356, its county seat is Montrose. The county was created on February 21, 1810, from part of Luzerne County and organized in 1812, it is named for the Susquehanna River. The first settlers began to move into the area from Connecticut in the mid-1700s. At the time, the area was part of Luzerne County; as more and more people from Connecticut moved in, there began to be some conflict. Under Connecticut's land grant, they owned everything from present-day Connecticut to the Pacific Ocean; this meant their land grant overlapped with Pennsylvania's land grant. Soon fighting began. In the end, the government of Connecticut was asked to surrender its claim on the area, which it did. In 1810, Susquehanna County was formed out of Luzerne County and in 1812, Montrose was made the county seat. After the Civil War, coal started to be mined. Following this and roads were built into the county allowing for more people to come.
At one point the county had nearly 50,000 people. Coal became, as with neighboring counties, the backbone of the economy; this boom in coal would allow for an age of prosperity in the county. When the Great Depression hit, the coal industry suffered horribly. Within months the coal industry was struggling. During World War II the coal industry picked up again, but only for a short time. Soon after the economy in the county failed. Many mines were closed, railways were torn apart, the economy took a turn for the worse. Unemployment rose and population decline increased. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 832 square miles, of which 823 square miles is land and 8.7 square miles is water. Susquehanna County is mountainous, with large concentrations of mountains in the east and smaller, more hill-like mountains in the west; the highest mountain in the county is North Knob just west of Union Dale. Most people live in one of the several long and narrow valleys; these valleys are good farming land.
Broome County, New York Wayne County Lackawanna County Wyoming County Bradford County Tioga County, New York As of the census of 2000, there were 42,238 people, 16,529 households, 11,785 families residing in the county. The population density was 51 people per square mile. There were 21,829 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.54% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26 % were of English, 16.1 % were of German, 15.1 % Irish, 7.7 % Polish ancestry. There were 16,529 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.99. Birth rateIn the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males. Susquehanna County's live birth rate was 612 births in 1990; the County's live birth rate in 2000 was 499 births, while in 2011 it had declined to 374 babies. Teen Pregnancy rateSusquehanna County had a 318 babies born to teens in 2011. In 2015, the number of teen births in Susquehanna County was 265. County poverty demographics According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, a legislative agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the poverty rate for Susquehanna County was 12.8% in 2014. The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: Blue Ridge School District - 42.9% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty Level.
As of November 3, 2015, there were 24,854 registered voters in Susquehanna County. Republican: 15,501 Democratic: 10,063 Other Parties: 3,224 MaryAnn Warren, Democrat Alan M. Hall, Republican Elizabeth M. Arnold, Vice-Chair, Republican Clerk of Courts and Prothonotary, Jan Krupinski, Republican Coroner, Tony Conarton, Republican District Attorney, Marion O'Malley, Republican Recorder of Deeds and Register of Wills, Michelle Estabrook, Republican Sheriff, Lance Benedict, Republican Treasurer, Jason Miller, Republican Auditor, George Starzec, Republican Auditor, Susan Jennings, Democrat Tina Pickett, Republican - Apolacon, Dimock, Forest Lake, Jessup and Rush Townships, Little Meadows Borough Jonathan Fritz, Republican - Ararat, Brooklyn, Clifford, Gibson, Great Bend, Harmony, Jackson, Lenox, New Milford, Silver Lake and Thompson Townships, Friendsville, Great Bend, Hop Bottom, Montrose, New Milford, Susquehanna Depot and Union Dale Boroughs Lisa Baker, Republican - Ararat, Brooklyn, Clifford
Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
Mansfield University of Pennsylvania is a small public university in Mansfield, Pennsylvania. It is one of the fourteen state universities that are part of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education; the university is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and numerous national professional organizations. Mansfield University's total enrollment is 2,198 students. Mansfield University traces its heritage back to 1857, when Mansfield Classical Seminary opened on January 7. At 10 a.m. on April 22, with a foot of snow on the ground, the Mansfield Classical Seminary burned to the ground. After the fire, the founders vowed to persevere and reconstruct an bigger and better building. Mansfield Classical Seminary was reopened on November 23, 1859, to some 30 students. Rev. James Landreth was elected Principal and Miss Julia A. Hosmer was named preceptress. In 1862, Simon B. Elliott submitted application for Mansfield Classical Seminary to become a state normal school.
The application was accepted in December 1862, Mansfield Classical Seminary became the Mansfield Normal School, the third state normal school in Pennsylvania. In 1874, the new ladies dormitory was built for a cost of $15,000, it would be renamed North Hall. In 1892 at the Great Mansfield Fair, electric lights were erected and a game of football was played between Mansfield Normal and Wyoming Seminary, ending in a draw, it is recorded as the first night football game played in the United States. In 1902, Mansfield Normal School moved to a three-year program from the two-year normal course, pushing the school closer to collegiate status. On June 4, 1926, Mansfield State Normal School was granted the right to give four-year Collegiate degrees. On May 13, 1927, the name Mansfield Normal is changed to Mansfield State Teachers College. During World War II, several hundred male students entered military service, nurse training was initiated at MSTC. Most of the sports are suspended at the college for the duration of the war.
Post-war, sports resumed with MSTC capturing two consecutive State Championships in football for the 1946 and 1947 seasons. During the 1950s, both South Hall and Alumni Hall were replaced with new buildings. In 1960, the Pennsylvania Department of Education granted the expansion of liberal arts programs to colleges in the system, including MSTC. MSTC became Mansfield State College; the campus continued to expand with the construction of other new buildings and new academic programs through the 1960s and 1970s. On July 1, 1983, with passage of the State System of Higher Education bill, Mansfield State College became Mansfield University of Pennsylvania, part of the new Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. In 1992, the MU baseball team placed second in the NCAA Division II World Series, the highest finish for a Northern team to date; the team advanced to the series in 1993 and 1994. That year, Mansfield University and Mansfield Borough celebrated the first Fabulous 1890s celebration; the first night football game was the subject of an advertising campaign by General Electric that year.
The newly renovated North Hall reopened for the fall semester. It housed the main and music libraries as well as administrative offices; the building received international attention for combining a state-of-the-art electronic library with a rich and stately Victorian environment. The university received permission to keep the historic six-story atrium open. Mansfield University and Mansfield Borough both celebrated their Sesquicentennials in 2007. New premier suite-style housing was introduced in 2011. On January 23, 2015, Mansfield University was approved as the 29th member of COPLAC - Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. Mansfield University is the only institution in the state of Pennsylvania, recognized as a member of COPLAC. In 2015, Mansfield University became nationally recognized as a College of Distinction. Mansfield University offers 87 minor programs; the university offers associate's, bachelor's, master's degree programs. The Mansfield University Mountaineers intercollegiate athletics are members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II and compete in the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference.
The sprint football team competes in the Collegiate Sprint Football League. Women's varsity programs include soccer, field hockey, cross-country, indoor track, track and field. Men's programs include cross country, baseball, indoor track and field, sprint football. On its 175-acre campus, Mansfield has four residence halls, multiple eateries, an on-campus student health clinic, campus police unit, campus bookstore, an on-campus and student-led television studio, radio station, campus newspaper, state-of-the-art North Hall Library, Grant Science Planetarium, Decker Gymnasium and Olympic-sized swimming pool, Kelchner Fitness Center, multiple outdoor recreation spots, Straughn Hall Auditorium, Steadman Theatre and Steadman Studios, Alumni Student Center and Game Room, Childcare Center, in addition to several academic and administrative buildings and outdoor seating and learning venues. North Hall, a four-story Victorian structure, was completed in 1878; the current visible North Hall was built in two parts.
The original North Hall from 1874 was torn down in the spring of 1907. The north part and the middle section was started in the summer 1891 following the purchase of the lot that the North end cross wing sits on; this new structure was seven stories tall. The new cafeteria on the first floor was opened for use on Thanksgiving day 189
The Susquehanna River is a major river located in the northeastern and mid-Atlantic United States. At 464 miles long, it is the longest river on the East Coast of the United States that drains into the Atlantic Ocean. With its watershed, it is the 16th-largest river in the United States, the longest river in the early 21st-century continental United States without commercial boat traffic; the Susquehanna River forms from two main branches: the "North Branch", which rises in Cooperstown, New York, is regarded by federal mapmakers as the main branch or headwaters, the West Branch, which rises in western Pennsylvania and joins the main branch near Northumberland in central Pennsylvania. The river drains 27,500 square miles, including nearly half of the land area of Pennsylvania; the drainage basin includes portions of the Allegheny Plateau region of the Appalachian Mountains, cutting through a succession of water gaps in a broad zigzag course to flow across the rural heartland of southeastern Pennsylvania and northeastern Maryland in the lateral near-parallel array of mountain ridges.
The river empties into the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay at Perryville and Havre de Grace, providing half of the Bay's freshwater inflow. The Chesapeake Bay is the ria of the Susquehanna; the Susquehanna River is one of the oldest existing rivers in the world, being dated as 320-340 Mya, older than the mountain ridges through which it flows. These ridges resulted from the Alleghenian orogeny uplift events, when Africa slammed into the Northern part of EurAmerica); the Susquehanna basin reaches its ultimate outflow in the Chesapeake Bay. It was well established in the flat tidelands of eastern North America during the Mesozoic era about 252 to 66 million years ago; this is the same period when the Hudson and Potomac rivers were established. Both branches and the lower Susquehanna were part of important regional transportation corridors; the river was extensively used for muscle-powered ferries and canal boat shipping of bulk goods in the brief decades before the Pennsylvania Canal System was eclipsed by the coming of age of steam-powered railways.
While the railroad industry has been less prevalent since the closures and mergers of the 1950s–1960s, a wide-ranging rail transportation infrastructure still operates along the river's shores. Called the Main Branch Susquehanna, the longer branch of the river rises at the outlet of Otsego Lake in Cooperstown, New York. From there, the north branch of the river runs west-southwest through rural farmland and dairy country, receiving the Unadilla River at Sidney, it dips south into Pennsylvania to turn north at Great Bend hooking back into New York. It receives the Chenango in downtown Binghamton. After meandering westwards, it turns south crossing the line again through the twin-towns of Waverly, NY–Sayre and their large right bank railyard, once holding the largest building in the world. A couple miles south, just across the New York state line, in Athens Township in northern Pennsylvania it receives the Chemung from the northwest, it makes a right-angle curve between Sayre and Towanda to cut through the Endless Mountains in the Allegheny Plateau of Pennsylvania.
It receives the Lackawanna River southwest of Scranton and turns to the southwest, flowing through the former anthracite industrial heartland in the mountain ridges of northeastern Pennsylvania, past Pittston City, Wilkes-Barre, Shickshinny, Berwick and Danville. The origin of the official West Branch is near northern Cambria County, Pennsylvania near the contemporary junction of Mitchel Road and US Route 219, it travels northeasterly through Curwensville and through Clearfield, where it's joined by the Clearfield Creek right bank tributary. The Clearfield Creek tributary rises in a Loretto woodlands source spring outflow running northerly while draining the north-face and eastern slopes of the drainage divide crossing athwart the greater pass — the irregular rolling terrain of the several local gaps of the Allegheny—several of which end in the hilly pass around Gallitzin Borough, Gallitzin Township, Cresson area — all above and within the greater Altoona, Pennsylvania area. Clearfield Creek passes through Cresson Lake and bends to flow northeast or north-northeast, passing through other tarns and receiving tributary waters along its descending meanders.
Outside the pass flats, it is paralleled by PA Route 53, built in the river valley, passing through small towns such as Ashville, Glen Hope and others that developed along its banks. It makes its way north and east to the confluence in Clearfield—this valley is exploited as a railroad corridor from Clearfield, climbing to end in a wye within Cresson in the same broad saddle pass as did the upper works of the Allegheny Portage Railroad; the railroad joins the railroad mainline, climbing a nearby incline through the famous Horseshoe Curve. The West Branch turns to the southeast and passes through Lock Haven and Williamsport before turning south; the West Branch joins the North Branch flowing from the northwest at Northumberland, just above Sunbury. Downstream from the confluence of its branches in Northumberland, the river flows south past Selinsgrove, where it is joined by its Penns Creek tributary, cuts through a water gap at the western end of Mahantongo Mountain, it receives the Juniata River from the northwest at Duncannon passes through it
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails known as tracks. It is commonly referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles are directionally guided by the tracks on which they run. Tracks consist of steel rails, installed on ties and ballast, on which the rolling stock fitted with metal wheels, moves. Other variations are possible, such as slab track, where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface. Rolling stock in a rail transport system encounters lower frictional resistance than road vehicles, so passenger and freight cars can be coupled into longer trains; the operation is carried out by a railway company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities. Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electric power from a railway electrification system or produce their own power by diesel engines.
Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system. Railways are a safe land transport system. Railway transport is capable of high levels of passenger and cargo utilization and energy efficiency, but is less flexible and more capital-intensive than road transport, when lower traffic levels are considered; the oldest known, man/animal-hauled railways date back to the 6th century BC in Greece. Rail transport commenced in mid 16th century in Germany in the form of horse-powered funiculars and wagonways. Modern rail transport commenced with the British development of the steam locomotives in the early 19th century, thus the railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world. Built by George Stephenson and his son Robert's company Robert Stephenson and Company, the Locomotion No. 1 is the first steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1825. George Stephenson built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use only the steam locomotives all the time, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830.
With steam engines, one could construct mainline railways, which were a key component of the Industrial Revolution. Railways reduced the costs of shipping, allowed for fewer lost goods, compared with water transport, which faced occasional sinking of ships; the change from canals to railways allowed for "national markets" in which prices varied little from city to city. The spread of the railway network and the use of railway timetables, led to the standardisation of time in Britain based on Greenwich Mean Time. Prior to this, major towns and cities varied their local time relative to GMT; the invention and development of the railway in the United Kingdom was one of the most important technological inventions of the 19th century. The world's first underground railway, the Metropolitan Railway, opened in 1863. In the 1880s, electrified trains were introduced, leading to electrification of tramways and rapid transit systems. Starting during the 1940s, the non-electrified railways in most countries had their steam locomotives replaced by diesel-electric locomotives, with the process being complete by the 2000s.
During the 1960s, electrified high-speed railway systems were introduced in Japan and in some other countries. Many countries are in the process of replacing diesel locomotives with electric locomotives due to environmental concerns, a notable example being Switzerland, which has electrified its network. Other forms of guided ground transport outside the traditional railway definitions, such as monorail or maglev, have been tried but have seen limited use. Following a decline after World War II due to competition from cars, rail transport has had a revival in recent decades due to road congestion and rising fuel prices, as well as governments investing in rail as a means of reducing CO2 emissions in the context of concerns about global warming; the history of rail transport began in the 6th century BC in Ancient Greece. It can be divided up into several discrete periods defined by the principal means of track material and motive power used. Evidence indicates that there was 6 to 8.5 km long Diolkos paved trackway, which transported boats across the Isthmus of Corinth in Greece from around 600 BC.
Wheeled vehicles pulled by men and animals ran in grooves in limestone, which provided the track element, preventing the wagons from leaving the intended route. The Diolkos was in use for over 650 years, until at least the 1st century AD; the paved trackways were later built in Roman Egypt. In 1515, Cardinal Matthäus Lang wrote a description of the Reisszug, a funicular railway at the Hohensalzburg Fortress in Austria; the line used wooden rails and a hemp haulage rope and was operated by human or animal power, through a treadwheel. The line still exists and is operational, although in updated form and is the oldest operational railway. Wagonways using wooden rails, hauled by horses, started appearing in the 1550s to facilitate the transport of ore tubs to and from mines, soon became popular in Europe; such an operation was illustrated in Germany in 1556 by Georgius Agricola in his work De re metallica. This line used "Hund" carts with unflanged wheels running on wooden planks and a vertical pin on the truck fitting into the gap between the planks to keep it going the right way.
The miners called the wagons Hunde from the noise. There are many references to their use in central Europe in the 16th century; such a transport system was used by German miners at Cal
History of Pennsylvania
The History of Pennsylvania begins in 1681 when William Penn received a royal deed from King Charles II of England, although human activity in the region precedes that date. The area was home to the Lenape, Iroquois, Shawnee and other American Indian tribes. Most of these tribes were driven off or reduced to remnants as a result of diseases, such as smallpox, that swept through long before any permanent colonists arrived. Pennsylvania was colonized by Swedish and Dutch settlers in the 17th century, before the English took control of the colony in 1667. In 1681, William Penn established a colony based on religious tolerance. In the mid-eighteenth century, the colony attracted many Scots-Irish immigrants. Pennsylvania played a central role in the American Revolution, Philadelphia served as the nation's capital for a portion of the 18th century, it was the second most populous state in the country from the 18th century into the 20th century, Philadelphia was the second most populous city in the nation.
Pennsylvania expanded its borders into northwestern and southwestern Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh grew into one of America's largest and most prominent cities. The state played an important role in the Union's victory in the American Civil War. After the war, Pennsylvania grew into a Republican stronghold and a major manufacturing and transportation center. After the Great Depression and World War II, Pennsylvania moved towards the service industry and became a swing state. Pennsylvania's history of human habitation extends to thousands of years before the foundation of the Province of Pennsylvania. Archaeologists believe that the first settlement of the Americas occurred at least 15,000 years ago during the last glacial period, though it is unclear when humans first entered the area known as Pennsylvania. There is an open debate in the archaeological community regarding when the ancestors of Native Americans expanded across the two continents down to the tip of South America, with possibilities ranging between 30,000 and 10,500 years ago.
The Meadowcroft Rockshelter contains the earliest known signs of human activity in Pennsylvania, all of North America, as it contains the remains of a civilization that existed over 10,000 years ago and pre-dated the Clovis culture. By 1000 C. E. in contrast to their nomadic hunter-gatherer ancestors, the native population of Pennsylvania had developed agricultural techniques and a mixed food economy. The best information we have detailing Pennsylvania's prehistory comes from a mix of oral history & archaeology, which pushes the known record back another 500 years, or so. Before the Iroquois pushed out from the St. Lawrence River region, PA appears to have been populated by Algonquians & Siouans. We know from archaeology that the Monongahela had a far more vast territory at the time & the Iroquois Book of Rites shows that there were Siouans along Lake Erie's southern shores as well; the Iroquois collectively called them Mound Builders. It is said. Two groups of migrating Iroquoians moved through the region—an Iroquois related group who spread west along the Great Lakes & a Tuscarora related group who followed the coast straight south.
The Eries were the next to split off from the Iroquois & may have once held northwestern PA. An offshoot of them crossed the Ohio & fought back the ancient Monongahela, but merged with the Susquahannocks to form a single, expanded territory. A whole other Iroquoian tribe, the Petun, are believed to be Huron related and entered the region after, wedging in between the Eries & Iroquois. By the time that European colonization of the Americas began, several Native American tribes inhabited the region; the Lenape spoke an Algonquian language, inhabited an area known as the Lenapehoking, made up of the state of New Jersey, but incorporated a lot of surrounding area, including eastern Pennsylvania. Their territory ended somewhere within the state bounds; the Susquehannock spoke an Iroquoian language and held a region spanning from New York to West Virginia, that went from the area surrounding the Susquehanna River all the way to the Allegheny & Monongahela Rivers. They were both affected by European disease and constant warfare with several neighbors and groups of Europeans began to be grossly outpaced financially as the Hurons & Iroquois blocked them from proceeding into Ohio during the Beaver Wars.
As they lost numbers and land, they abandoned much of their western territory and moved closer to the Susquehanna River & the Iroquois & Mohawk to the north. Northwest of the Allegheny River was the Iroquoian Petun, known for their vast Tobacco plantations, although this is believed to be complete fabrication, they were fragmented into three groups during the Beaver Wars—the Petun of New York, the Wyandot of Ohio & the Tiontatecaga of the Kanawha River in southern West Virginia. South of the Alleghany River was a nation known as the Calicua, or Cali, they may have been the same as the Monongahela Culture & little is known about them, except that the
Tunkhannock is a borough in Wyoming County, Pennsylvania, 31 miles northwest of Wilkes-Barre. In the past, lumbering was carried on extensively. Today, many residents are employed by the Gamble plant in nearby Washington Township; as of the 2010 census, the borough population was 1,836. It is the county seat of Wyoming County. Tunkhannock is in the PA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the name Tunkhannock comes from the Minsi-Len'api term Ptuk'hanna'unk, which means "Bend-in-river-place," to the town's west, upstream at the radical bend called "The Neck." Modern Tunkhannock, Wyoming County, The Tunkhannock Historic District, bounded by Tioga and Harrison Sts and Wyoming Ave, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in August 2005. Area Code: 570 Exchanges: 836 and 996 ZIP code: 18657 Main streets/roads: Route 29, Business Route 6, Route 6, Route 92 Voting Information: four wards. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.9 square mile, all of it land.
Skyhaven Airport is a public use airport located one nautical mile south of the central business district of Tunkhannock, in neighboring Eaton Township. As of the census of 2010, there are 1,836 people, 817 households, 447 families residing in the borough; the population density is 2,040 people per square mile. There are 871 housing units at an average density of 967.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough is 95.9% White, 0.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, 1.45% from two or more races. 1.3% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 817 households out of which 25.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% are married couples living together, 12% have a female householder with no husband present, 45.3% are non-families. 40.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 20% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.15 and the average family size is 2.92.
In the borough the population is spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 57% from 18 to 64, 20.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 43.5 years. The median income for a household in the borough is $37,071, the median income for a family is $56,250. Males have a median income of $43,098 versus $31,313 for females; the per capita income for the borough is $23,110. 2.4% of the population and 6.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, none of those under the age of 18 and 8.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The borough is represented by a council-manager government; the Wyoming County Historical Society and Genealogical Library offers a major source of research material. The collection includes numerous books on New England ancestry, newspapers dating back to 1797 and census records for Wyoming and surrounding counties from 1790 to 1930. On file are records for over 90 area cemeteries and other local history information. In 1941 artist Ethel Ashton painted on oil on canvas mural, Defenders of the Wyoming Country-1778, for the local post office.
It depicted a battle by American settlers and local Native American tribes during the year leading up to Sullivan's March. In 1998, the mural was restored and a documentary was made about it in 2009. Tunkhannock is the home of the Northern Tier Symphony Orchestra, under the direction of Conductor Robert Helmacy. Tunkhannock is listed as one of the top 10 places to "get away from it all" John Brisbin U. S. Congressman Frank Charles Bunnell - U. S. Congressman Charles E. Dietrich - U. S. Congressman Joe Glenn - Major League Baseball player Benjamin F. Harding - U. S. Senator from Oregon Mike Hudock - professional football player Edwin J. Jorden - U. S. Congressman Mike Papi - professional baseball player Christopher Ries - Glass Sculptor Donald Sherwood - U. S. Congressman Walter Tewksbury - 1900 Summer Olympics Gold Medalist Robert F. Wilner - Suffragan Bishop of the Philippine Islands Tunkhannock Borough official website
Waverly, Tioga County, New York
Waverly is the largest village in Tioga County, New York, United States. It is located southeast of Elmira in the Southern Tier region; this village was incorporated as the southwest part of the town of Barton in 1854. The village name is attributed to Joseph "Uncle Joe" Hallett, founder of its first Fire Department and pillar of the community, who conceived the name by dropping the 2nd "e" from the name of his favorite author's novel, Waverley by Sir Walter Scott; the former village hall is listed on the National Historic Places list. Waverly is part of the Binghamton Metropolitan Statistical Area; the village less of a backwater as one regular stop of the Black Diamond Express passenger service, is in a mid-sized rust belt community known as the Penn-York Valley, once a thriving railroad company town spanning counties in cross border Pennsylvania as well — a group of four contiguous communities in New York and Pennsylvania: Waverly, NY. As of the 2010 Census, the village had a total population of 4,444.
In May 1870, a Waverly banker named Howard Elmer, along with Charles Anthony and James Fritcher, bought the Pine Plains area between Waverly and Athens. Elmer convinced Asa Packer to locate a new railroad repair facility on the Pine Plains for the expanding Lehigh Valley Railroad, making a push north from Duryea at the Lackawanna to connect to the Erie Railroad at Waverly to achieve a market share in the much coveted New York City-Great Lakes sweepstakes. Robert Heysham Sayre, president of the Pennsylvania and New York Railroad, helped cement the deal; the town was named in his honor. Sayre was incorporated on January 27, 1891; the town would become famous for its extensive rail yard and more famous for the railroad repair shops and steam locomotive repair and manufacturing shops situated in the town, which employed thousands. In 1904 when the locomotive shops were built at Sayre, the main shop building was believed to be the largest structure in the world under one roof, but held that title for only a brief time.
The railroad founded as a coal rail road in 1855 to connect the Coal Region operated through traffic up the Susquehanna to Elmira and points north and west from 1870 until 1976, but maintenance facilities were shifted away before that with the switch away from anthracite steam locomotives to diesels post-World War II. With the decline of the railway industry, supporting industries and business has declined along with valley jobs, so the population has declined since 1940, the railroad dependent rust belt towns beginning the process sooner because of dieselization of railroads; the greater town is located in a river valley in the Allegheny Plateau just north of the confluence of the Susquehanna River and the Chemung River, along with Athens, South Waverly and Waverly, New York. Together, these small towns make up the greater area known as the Penn-York Valley, or just "the Valley"; the New York / Pennsylvania border cuts through the valley. There is no physical border between the towns, as the grid of streets and avenues blend seamlessly from one town to another.
In earlier times, this territory was a prime location for Native American travel and warfare because it is strategically situated atop a valley surrounding the confluence of two rivers along the New York state border where the mouth of the Chemung River empties into the Susquehanna River as it turns southward into Pennsylvania. This locale was occupied by the Susquehannock people for several centuries before European pathfinders discovered this place. French explorer Étienne Brûlé was the first European to visit the area, meeting with the Susquehannocks and travelling down the Susquehanna River in 1615. In the wake of the Beaver Wars of the mid-Seventeenth Century, the area came under the control of the Iroquois, until the Sullivan Expedition during the American Revolutionary War broke their power; the Battle of Newtown, the only major battle of that expedition, occurred 13 miles west of the current location of Waverly. John Shepard was one of the more prominent early white settlers, buying 1,000 acres, including all of what would become Waverly, building a mill on the banks of Cayuta Creek in 1796.
The settlement would soon become known as Milltown. Milltown was believed to be located in Pennsylvania until it was resurveyed and it was found to be mistakenly 1/4 of a mile north of the border, which moved the settlement into New York State. Soon this burgeoning area came to be known as Factoryville. An adjacent smaller community named Villemont became established. At the beginning of the railroad age the community began to thrive. From 1849-51, the New York & Erie Railroad reached the vicinity, opening a rail connection eastward to New York City via Binghamton, westward to Lake Erie via Elmira. Soon after, in 1854, Waverly became an incorporated village. Waverly become an important railroad junction in 1869 when construction of the Lehigh Valley Railroad from Wilkes-Barre, PA reached northward to this village on the New York State line and increased its viability by linking both railway operations; this helped spur the economic development of Sayre, Waverly's southern neighbor and former home to Lehigh Valley Railroad's locomotive yard and shops.
At the height of the railroad age forty one trains entered the village per day and the population of the village was nearly triple what it is today. During this time, the largest celebration in the village was held: the August, 26th 1910 Old Home Celebratio