Northern goshawk

The northern goshawk is a medium-large raptor in the family Accipitridae, which includes other extant diurnal raptors, such as eagles and harriers. As a species in the genus Accipiter, the goshawk is considered a "true hawk"; the scientific name is Latin. This species was first described under its current scientific name by Linnaeus in his Systema naturae in 1758, it is a widespread species. The northern goshawk is the only species in the genus Accipiter found in both Eurasia and North America, it may have the second widest distribution of any true member of the family Accipitridae, behind arguably only the golden eagle, which has a broader range to the south of Asia than the goshawk. The only other acciptrid species to range in both North America and Eurasia according to current opinion, is the more Arctic-restricted rough-legged buzzard. Except in a small portion of southern Asia, it is the only species of "goshawk" in its range and it is thus referred to, both and unofficially, as the "goshawk".

It is resident, but birds from colder regions migrate south for the winter. In North America, migratory goshawks are seen migrating south along mountain ridge tops at nearly any time of the fall depending on latitude; the northern goshawk has a large circumpolar distribution. In Eurasia, it is found in most areas of Europe excluding Iceland, it has a spotty distribution in western Europe but is more or less found continuously through the rest of the continent. Their Eurasian distribution sweeps continuously across most of Russia, excluding the treeless tundra in the northern stretches, to the western limits of Siberia as far as Anadyr and Kamchatka. In the Eastern Hemisphere, they are found in their southern limits in extreme northwestern Morocco and Sardinia, the "toe" of Italy, southern Greece, the Caucasus, Sinkiang's Tien Shan, in some parts of Tibet and the Himalayas, western China and Japan. In winter, northern goshawks may be found as far south as Taif in Saudi Arabia and Tonkin, Vietnam.

In North America, they are most broadly found in the western United States, including Alaska, western Canada. Their breeding range in the western contiguous United States consists of the wooded foothills of the Rocky Mountains and many other large mountain ranges from Washington to southern California extending east to central Colorado and westernmost Texas. Somewhat discontinuous breeding populations are found in southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico, thence somewhat spottily into western Mexico down through Sonora and Chihuahua along the Sierra Madre Occidental as far as Jalisco and Guerrero, their worldwide southern limit as a breeding species; the goshawk continues east through much of Canada as a native species, but is rarer in most of the eastern United States the Midwest where they are not found outside the Great Lakes region, where a good-sized breeding population occurs in the northern parts of Minnesota, Illinois and somewhat into Ohio. They breed in mountainous areas of New England, New York, central Pennsylvania and northwestern New Jersey, sporadically down to extreme northwestern Maryland and northeastern West Virginia.

Vagrants have been reported in North Africa. Northern goshawks can be found in both coniferous forests. While the species might show strong regional preferences for certain trees, they seem to have no strong overall preferences nor a preference between deciduous or coniferous trees despite claims to the contrary. More important than the type of trees are the composition of a given tree stand, which should be tall, old-growth with intermediate to heavy canopy coverage and minimal density undergrowth, both of which are favorable for hunting conditions. Goshawks require close proximity to openings in which to execute additional hunting. More so than in North America, the goshawks of Eurasia central Europe, may live in urbanized patchworks of small woods, shelter-belts and copses and use isolated trees in central parts of Eurasian cities. Access to waterways and riparian zones of any kind is not uncommon in goshawk home ranges but seems to not be a requirement. Narrow tree-lined riparian zones in otherwise open habitats can provide suitable wintering habitat in the absence of more extensive woodlands.

The northern goshawk can be found at any altitude, but is found at high elevations due to a paucity of extensive forests remaining in lowlands across much of its range. Altitudinally, goshawks may live anywhere up to a given mountain range's tree line, 3,000 m in elevation or less; the northern limit of their distribution coincides with the tree line and here may adapt to dwarf tree communities along drainages of the lower tundra. In winter months, the northernmost or high mountain populations move down to warmer forests with lower elevations continuing to avoid detection except while migrating. A majority

Escola Alegria de Saber

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VĂ­ctor Genes

Víctor Genes was a Paraguayan football attacking midfielder. He played professional football in Paraguay for Cerro Porteño, he was the football manager of Paraguay from 2013 to 2014. Genes played club football for Club 16 de Agosto de Luque, Sportivo Luqueño, Club Libertad, Club Sol de América, Aquidabán, Club Guaraní, Cerro Porteño and Club River Plate. Genes made his international debut for the Paraguay national football team on 14 June 1991 in a Copa Paz de Chico match against Bolivia, he obtained a total number of three international caps. After he retired from playing, Genes became a football coach, he managed the Paraguay national football team during the 2001 Carlsberg Cup. He led Club Libertad to the 2003 Paraguayan Primera División title, before moving to Ecuador to manage Club Social y Deportivo Macará, he managed José Gálvez FBC in Peru. Víctor Genes at Footballdatabase