Northwestern Europe

Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined region of Europe, overlapping northern and western Europe. The region can be defined both ethnographically. Geographically, Northwestern Europe consists of the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, the Netherlands, Northern France, Northern Germany, Norway and Iceland. Finland, Southern Germany and Austria are often considered part of Northwestern Europe. Southern France is not regarded as northwestern, as it is geographically and culturally considered part of the Mediterranean region or Southern Europe. Germanic languages are spoken in most of Northwestern Europe, although other languages are present, including Romance languages in Northern France, Wallonia and some parts of Switzerland, Celtic languages along the western fringes of the British Isles and in Brittany; the region has a strong history of Protestantism that differentiates it from its Mediterranean / Southern European / Latin and Eastern European / Slavic neighbours.

The definition of Northwestern Europe as correlating with Protestant Germanic Europe leads to somewhat the same definition as the geographical one above, but would tend to exclude northern France, Southern Netherlands, Catholic Belgium, most of southern Germany and Ireland. This is because France and Wallonia, despite their historical Protestant Huguenot populations, are traditionally considered Catholic Romance language countries, while Belgium, much of Southern Germany, southern Netherlands and Ireland, though containing Germanic language speakers, are Catholic. A definition of Northwestern Europe as an inclusive term for those European countries not falling within Southern Europe or Eastern Europe was used by some late 19th to mid 20th century anthropologists and eugenicists, who used Northwestern Europe as a shorthand term for the region of Europe in which members of the Nordic race were concentrated, in contrast to the Eastern and Southern regions of Europe that contained Mediterranean peoples and other non-Nordic peoples.

Under this racialist view, all of the Germanic countries and areas such as northern France, which contains large numbers of people of Celtic and Germanic Frankish descent, would be included as Northwestern Europe, due in part to the predominance of phenotypically Nordic people within these areas. In military history in Commonwealth countries, the battle honour North-West Europe has been used to refer to the two land campaigns in that approximate area during World War II. Two separate battle honours were awarded to regiments; the North-West Europe Campaign of 1940, during the Battle of France, was restricted to Belgium and the French Channel ports. The North-West Europe Campaign of 1944–1945 started with the landings in Normandy and ended with Field Marshal Montgomery taking the German military surrender of all German forces in the Netherlands, north-west Germany and Denmark on Lüneburg Heath in north-west Germany, it was fought by the British 21st Army Group. In the First campaign the French Army was responsible for the rest of the Western Front from Luxembourg to Switzerland, as were the American 12th Army and 6th Army Groups during the second campaign.

Units of the First Canadian Army fought in five major campaigns in North-West Europe, including the Battle of Normandy, the battles for the Channel Ports, the Battle of the Scheldt, the Rhineland fighting in February and March 1945, the final operations east of the River Rhine. A period of static warfare existed from 1 November 1944 to 8 February 1945 during which time the First Canadian Army manned positions in the Nijmegen Salient. There is close genetic affinity among Northwest European populations; this is due to these populations descending from related Corded Ware and Bell Beaker populations carrying large amounts of steppe ancestry. The Beaker people of the lower Rhine for example, overturned 90% of Britain and Ireland's gene pools, replacing the Basque-like neolithic populations present prior. North Sea Region Germanic-speaking Europe

West Eifel

The West Eifel refers to that part of the Eifel mountains in Germany, centred on the town of Prüm and reaches as far as the border with Belgium and Luxembourg. It is not geographically defined however, overlapping by about 60% with the Schnee Eifel), whilst geologically its northern half is part of the Vulkaneifel and its southern half part of the South Eifel; the grassy summits are somewhat higher than those of the Vulkan Eifel, but are more rounded and less rugged. Geographically and topologically it can be divided into three regions: Schneifel, a ridge near the Belgian border Belgian Eifel Islek, up to the German-Luxembourg border; the region is only sparsely populated in the north, but is crossed by motor road 60. It is wooded and mining is of some importance. In the southern parts—in the valley of the Prüm and its tributaries—there is greater settlement and a degree of non-local traffic on the South Eifel Holiday Route and the Eifel-Ardennes Green Road; the area is part of the German-Luxembourg Nature Park.

South Eifel, Vulkan Eifel, North Eifel Belgian Eifel, Ösling Deutsche Generalkarte 1:200.000, Blatt 12 Mineral finds in Bleialf Luxembourg Earth science portal

Objects in the Mirror Are Closer Than They Appear (Confrontation Camp album)

Objects in the Mirror Are Closer Than They Appear is the debut album of Confrontation Camp, a rap rock group fronted by Kyle Jason and Public Enemy members Chuck D and Professor Griff. The title is derived from the US safety warning for convex side mirrors in vehicles, "Objects in mirror are closer than they appear." "In" –:24 "Jailbreak" – 3:08 "Brake the Law" – 3:47 "Carry My Load" – 3:38 "Jasper" – 4:07 "Che" – 3:54 "Against the Elements" – 3:48 "When the Shit Hits the Fans" – 3:48 "Babies Makin' Babies Killin' Babies" – 4:00 "Grudge" – 3:23 "U R Us" – 2:44 "Out" –:37 "Super" – 3:19 Kyle Jason — Vocals, programming Professor Griff — Rap vocals, programming Mistachuck — Rap vocals Brian HardgrooveBass guitar Jafar Mahmud — Guitar Wes Little — Drums DJ LordTurntables Stian Lorentzen — Guitar