Carroll County, Illinois
Carroll County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,387, its county seat is Mount Carroll. Carroll County was formed in 1839 out of Jo Daviess County; the county is named for Charles Carroll. Carroll, who died in 1832, was the last signer to die. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 466 square miles, of which 445 square miles is land and 22 square miles is water; the Mississippi Palisades State Park is in this county, just north of the city of Savanna. The Savanna Army Depot is located in this county. Stephenson County - northeast Ogle County - east Whiteside County - south Clinton County, Iowa - southwest Jackson County, Iowa - west Jo Daviess County - northwest Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge US Route 52 Illinois Route 40 Illinois Route 64 Illinois Route 72 Illinois Route 73 Illinois Route 78 Illinois Route 84 In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mount Carroll have ranged from a low of 7 °F in January to a high of 85 °F in July, although a record low of −31 °F was recorded in January 1910 and a record high of 108 °F was recorded in July 1936.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.43 inches in January to 4.77 inches in June. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,387 people, 6,622 households, 4,343 families residing in the county; the population density was 34.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,437 housing units at an average density of 19.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 0.8% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 40.4% were German, 14.0% were Irish, 11.2% were English, 10.6% were American. Of the 6,622 households, 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families, 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.80.
The median age was 46.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,805 and the median income for a family was $55,341. Males had a median income of $42,421 versus $27,552 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,914. About 7.8% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over. Chadwick-Milledgeville Community Unit School District 399 Eastland Community Unit School District 308 West Carroll Community Unit School District 314 Lanark Mt. Carroll Savanna Milledgeville Chadwick Shannon Thomson Carroll County is divided into these twelve townships: John Acker, Illinois state representative, was born on a farm near Savanna. Willis J. Bailey, United States Representative from Kansas and the 16th Governor of Kansas David J. Summerville, Wisconsin State Assemblyman As a part of Yankee-settled Northern Illinois, Carroll County became solidly Republican upon that party's formation in the 1850s.
Of all the counties won by inaugural Republican Party presidential nominee John Charles Frémont in 1856, Carroll County was to maintain the longest unbroken string of supporting the GOP in subsequent elections. It would give a plurality to every subsequent Republican Presidential nominee up to George W. Bush in 2004, beating by three elections the second longest run of Indiana's Porter County, to give a plurality to Bill Clinton in 1996. In that 1996 election Bob Dole won Carroll County by only 1.51 percentage points – the smallest margin by a Republican to that point – and in 2008 Illinois native Barack Obama broke this last remaining GOP streak stretching back to Frémont by carrying the county by 4.80 percentage points. Obama was to repeat his win in 2012 by 1.49 percent, but a dramatic swing to Republican Donald Trump in 2016 saw him win by the largest margin since Ronald Reagan’s 1984 landslide. National Register of Historic Places listings in Carroll County, Illinois Carroll County Government Visit Carroll County Village of Chadwick City of Lanark Village of Milledgeville City of Mt. Carroll City of Savanna Visit Savanna Village of Shannon Village of Thomson Visit Thomson United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles United States Board on Geographic Names United States National Atlas
The Driftless Area is a region in southeastern Minnesota, southwestern Wisconsin, northeastern Iowa, the extreme northwestern corner of Illinois, of the American Midwest. The region escaped glaciation during the last ice age and is characterized by steep, forested ridges, deeply-carved river valleys, karst geology characterized by spring-fed waterfalls and cold-water trout streams. Ecologically, the flora and fauna of the Driftless Area are more related to those of the Great Lakes region and New England rather than those of the broader Midwest and central Plains regions. Colloquially, the term includes the incised Paleozoic Plateau of southeastern Minnesota and northeastern Iowa; the region includes elevations ranging from 603 to 1,719 feet at Blue Mound State Park and covers an area of 24,000 square miles. The rugged terrain is due both to the lack of glacial deposits, or drift, to the incision of the upper Mississippi River and its tributaries into bedrock. An alternative, less restrictive definition of the Driftless Area includes the sand Plains region located northeast of Wisconsin's portion of the incised Paleozoic Plateau in the southwestern part of the state.
This portion of the Driftless Area in the southwestern section of Wisconsin's Central Plain lacks evidence of glaciation, contains many isolated Hills, Mesas and Pinnacles that are outlying eroded Cambrian bedrock remnants of the plateau to the southwest. Retreating glaciers leave behind silt, sand and boulders called drift. Glacial drift includes unsorted material called till and layers deposited by meltwater streams called outwash. While drift from early glaciations has been found in some parts of the region, much of the incised Paleozoic Plateau of Wisconsin and northwestern Illinois holds no evidence for glaciation; the region has been subject to large floods from the melting Laurentide ice sheet and subsequent catastrophic discharges from its proglacial lakes, such as Glacial Lake Wisconsin, Glacial Lake Agassiz, Glacial Lake Grantsburg, Glacial Lake Duluth. The last phases of the Wisconsin Glaciation involved several major lobes of the Laurentide ice sheet: the Des Moines lobe, which flowed down toward Des Moines on the west.
The northern and eastern lobes were in part diverted around the area by the Watersmeet Dome, an ancient uplifted area of Cambrian rock underlain by basalt in northern Wisconsin and western upper Michigan. The southward movement of the continental glacier was hindered by the great depths of the Lake Superior basin and the adjacent highlands of the Bayfield Peninsula, Gogebic Range, Porcupine Mountains, Keweenaw Peninsula, the Huron Mountains along the north rim of the Superior Upland bordering Lake Superior; the Green Bay and Lake Michigan lobes were partially blocked by the bedrock of the Door Peninsula, which presently separates Green Bay from Lake Michigan. In earlier phases of the Wisconsinan, the Driftless Area was surrounded by ice, with eastern and western lobes joining together to the south of it; the latest concept explaining the origin of the Driftless Area is the pre-Illinoian continental glacial ice flowing over the Driftless Area and depositing on it pre-Illinoian till, more than 790,000 years old.
When the ice retreated and uncovered the area, intensive periglacial erosion removed it. Anticyclonic snow-bearing winds episodically dropped large amounts of snow, which gradually removed superficial sediment from slopes by solifluction and snowmelt overland flow, washing the deposits down to stream valleys that flowed into the Mississippi River. In the adjacent glaciated regions, the glacial retreat left behind drift, which buried all former topographical features. Surface water was forced to carve out new stream beds. Overall, the region is characterized by an eroded plateau with bedrock overlain by varying thicknesses of loess. Most characteristically, the river valleys are dissected; the bluffs lining this reach of the Mississippi River climb to nearly 600 feet. In Minnesota, Pre-Illinoian-age till was removed by natural means prior to the deposition of loess; the sedimentary rocks of the valley walls date to the Paleozoic Era and are covered with colluvium or loess. Bedrock, where not directly exposed, is near the surface and is composed of "primarily Ordovician dolomite and sandstone in Minnesota, with Cambrian sandstone and dolomite exposed along the valley walls of the Mississippi River."
In the east, the Baraboo Range, an ancient, profoundly eroded monadnock in south central Wisconsin, consists of Precambrian quartzite and rhyolite. The area has not undergone much tectonic action, as all the visible layers of sedimentary rock are horizontal. Karst topography is found throughout the Driftless area; this is characterized by caves and cave systems, disappearing streams, blind valleys, underground streams, sinkholes and cold streams. Disappearing streams occur where surface waters sinks down into the earth through fractured bedrock or a sinkhole, either joining an aquifer, or becoming an underground stream. Blind valleys are formed by disappearing lack an outlet to any other stream. Sinkholes are the result of the collapse of the roof of a cave, surface water can flow directly into them. Disappearing streams can re-emerge as large cold springs. Cold streams with cold springs; the Mississippi River passes through the Driftless Area between and including P
Central Illinois is a region of the U. S. state of Illinois that consists of the entire central third of the state, divided from north to south. It is an area of flat prairie; the western section was part of the Military Tract of 1812 and forms the distinctive western bulge of the state. Known as the Heart of Illinois, it is characterized by small towns and mid-sized cities. Agriculture corn and soybeans, as well as educational institutions and manufacturing centers, figure prominently. Major cities include Peoria, Decatur, Champaign–Urbana, Bloomington-Normal and Danville. Geographically, Central Illinois is flat prairie and farmland, includes Douglas County, the state's flattest; the region hosts a variety of man-made lakes, including Lake Shelbyville, Lake Springfield, Clinton Lake and Lake Decatur. Major rivers in the region include the Illinois, Middle Fork of the Vermilion, Kaskaskia and Mississippi rivers. Central Illinois is home to many protected areas; the Lincoln's New Salem State Historic Site showcases the town where Lincoln started his life as a politician.
The Lincoln Home National Historic Site operated by the National Park Service is a national park featuring Lincoln's Springfield home. Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge is a protected area where thousands of waterfowl and shorebirds live. There are National Wildlife Refuges in the region; the climate of Central Illinois is humid continental and the area experiences all four seasons. Snow is common in the winter months and while the counties vary in snowfall rate, most receive about twenty inches of snow annually. With all precipitation combined, most counties receive about 38 inches of snow annually. Severe weather, including tornadoes, is common during the summer months. Rare blizzards can happen in parts of Central Illinois in winter; the weather of Central Illinois affects the crop season as well. Central Illinois has a diverse economy consisting of a variety of industries. Agriculture is the most significant industry in the region and ranges in scope from family farms to mass-production farms.
Most counties in Central Illinois have an agriculture-based economy. The most common crops are soybeans and corn. County fairs and the Illinois State Fair help to promote agriculture in the region and offer entertainment; the manufacturing and service industries are significant. Caterpillar Inc. employs more than 15,000 workers in the region and was headquartered in Peoria. Major insurance provider State Farm Insurance is headquartered in Bloomington; the Illinois government in Springfield is a major employer of people in the region. Popular tourist sites include the Lincoln Home National Historic Site, the Old State Capitol, the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. Military makes up a smaller part of the economy, but was much larger until the closing Chanute Air Force Base in 1993. Transportation in Central Illinois is provided by an assortment of airports, interstate highways, bus networks and the rivers. Airports with commercial service in the region include Central Illinois Regional Airport, General Wayne Downing Peoria International Airport, Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport in Springfield, University of Illinois Willard Airport at Urbana–Champaign, Decatur Airport, Baldwin Field in Quincy.
Multiple Amtrak lines run through the region with stops in major regional cities. The most common mode of travel is on the many expressways. There are nine interstate highways located in Central Illinois. Northern Illinois Southern Illinois National Weather Service Lincoln, Illinois Commercial website focusing on Central Illinois
Government of Illinois
The Government of Illinois, under the state’s constitution, has three branches of government: Executive and Judicial. The State's, executive branch is split into several statewide elected offices, with the Governor as chief executive and head of state, has numerous departments, agencies and commissions. Legislative functions are granted to the General Assembly, a bicameral body consisting of the 118-member House of Representatives and the 59-member Senate; the judiciary is composed of the Supreme Court of lower courts. The executive branch is composed of six elected officers and their offices as well as numerous other departments. Illinois is one of 26 states that elect their governor on the same ticket as their lieutenant governor; the six elected officers are: The government of Illinois has numerous departments, agencies and commissions, but the code departments, so called because they're established by the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois, provide most of the state's services: Department on Aging Department of Agriculture Department of Central Management Services Department of Children and Family Services Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity Department of Corrections Department of Employment Security Emergency Management Agency Department of Financial and Professional Regulation Department of Healthcare and Family Services Department of Human Rights Department of Human Services Department of Juvenile Justice Department of Labor Department of the Lottery Department of Natural Resources Department of Public Health Department of Revenue Department of State Police Department of Transportation Department of Veterans' AffairsRegulations are codified in the Illinois Administrative Code.
The Illinois Register is the weekly publication containing adopted rules. The Illinois General Assembly is the state legislature, composed of the 118-member Illinois House of Representatives and the 59-member Illinois Senate; the members of the General Assembly are elected at the beginning of each even-numbered year. Representatives elect from their chamber a Speaker and Speaker pro tempore, senators elect from the chamber a President of the Senate; the Governor has different types of veto like a full veto, reduction veto, amendatory veto, but the General Assembly has the power to override gubernatorial vetoes through a three-fifths majority vote of each chamber. The General Assembly's session laws are published in the official Laws of Illinois; the Illinois Compiled Statutes are the codified statutes of a permanent nature. The Supreme Court has final appellate jurisdiction, it has mandatory jurisdiction in capital cases and cases where the constitutionality of laws has been called into question, has discretionary jurisdiction from the Appellate Court.
The Appellate Court is the court of first appeal for civil and criminal cases rising in the Illinois circuit courts. The circuit courts are trial courts of original jurisdiction. There are 24 judicial circuits in each comprising one or more of Illinois' 102 counties; the circuit court can decide, with few exceptions, any kind of case. Springfield is designated as the Illinois capital. Many State of Illinois bureaucrats work in offices in Springfield, it is the regular meeting place of the Illinois General Assembly. All persons elected in a statewide manner in Illinois are required to have at least one residence in Springfield, the state government funds these residences; as of 2014 none of the major constitutional officers in the State of Illinois designated Springfield as their primary residence. A former director of the Southern Illinois University Paul Simon Institute for Public Affairs, Mike Lawrence, stated that many of the elected officials in Illinois "spend so little time in Springfield".
In 2012 St. Louis Post-Dispatch columnist Pat Gauen argued that because major state politicians such as the Governor of Illinois, as well as the Attorney General, Speaker of the House, the minority leader of the House, President of the Senate, the minority leader of the Senate, the Comptroller, the Treasurer, all live in the Chicago area. University of Illinois researcher and former member of the Illinois legislature Jim Nowlan stated "It’s like Chicago is becoming the shadow capital of Illinois" and that "Springfield is become a hinterland outpost." Lawrence criticized the fact that state officials spent little time in Springfield since it estranged them from and devalued Illinois state employees based in that city. In 2007 Illinois state representative Raymond Poe criticized Illinois agency heads who commute to Springfield with state financing while maintaining their primary residences in the Chicago area, he sponsored House Bill 1959. According to Gauen, "Illinois seems rather unlikely to move its official capital to Chicago".
The administrative divisions of Illinois are counties, precincts, towns and special-purpose districts. Illinois has more units of local government than any other state—over 8,000 in all; the basic subdivision of Illinois are the 102 counties. 85 of the 102 counties are in turn divided into precincts. Municipal governments are the cities and incorporat
Wisconsin is a U. S. state located in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 20th most populous; the state capital is Madison, its largest city is Milwaukee, located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties. Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area; the Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.
Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland" because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers famous for its cheese. Manufacturing, information technology, cranberries and tourism are major contributors to the state's economy; the word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact. French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first European to reach the Wisconsin River, arriving in 1673 and calling the river Meskousing in his journal. Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. English speakers anglicized the spelling from Ouisconsin to Wisconsin when they began to arrive in large numbers during the early 19th century; the legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845. The Algonquin word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure.
Interpretations vary. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells. Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock". Wisconsin has been home to a wide variety of cultures over the past 14,000 years; the first people arrived around 10,000 BCE during the Wisconsin Glaciation. These early inhabitants, called Paleo-Indians, hunted now-extinct ice age animals such as the Boaz mastodon, a prehistoric mastodon skeleton unearthed along with spear points in southwest Wisconsin. After the ice age ended around 8000 BCE, people in the subsequent Archaic period lived by hunting and gathering food from wild plants. Agricultural societies emerged over the Woodland period between 1000 BCE to 1000 CE. Toward the end of this period, Wisconsin was the heartland of the "Effigy Mound culture", which built thousands of animal-shaped mounds across the landscape.
Between 1000 and 1500 CE, the Mississippian and Oneota cultures built substantial settlements including the fortified village at Aztalan in southeast Wisconsin. The Oneota may be the ancestors of the modern Ioway and Ho-Chunk tribes who shared the Wisconsin region with the Menominee at the time of European contact. Other Native American groups living in Wisconsin when Europeans first settled included the Ojibwa, Fox and Pottawatomie, who migrated to Wisconsin from the east between 1500 and 1700; the first European to visit what became Wisconsin was the French explorer Jean Nicolet. He canoed west from Georgian Bay through the Great Lakes in 1634, it is traditionally assumed that he came ashore near Green Bay at Red Banks. Pierre Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers visited Green Bay again in 1654–1666 and Chequamegon Bay in 1659–1660, where they traded for fur with local Native Americans. In 1673, Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet became the first to record a journey on the Fox-Wisconsin Waterway all the way to the Mississippi River near Prairie du Chien.
Frenchmen like Nicholas Perrot continued to ply the fur trade across Wisconsin through the 17th and 18th centuries, but the French made no permanent settlements in Wisconsin before Great Britain won control of the region following the French and Indian War in 1763. So, French traders continued to work in the region after the war, some, beginning with Charles de Langlade in 1764, settled in Wisconsin permanently, rather than returning to British-controlled Canada; the British took over Wisconsin during the French and Indian War, taking control of Green Bay in 1761 and gaining control of all of Wisconsin in 1763. Like the French, the British were interested in little but the fur trade. One notable event in the fur trading industry in Wisconsin occurred in 1791, when two free African Americans set up a fur trading post among the Menominee at present day Marinette; the first permanent settlers French Canadians, some Anglo-New Englanders and a few African American freedmen, arrived in Wisconsin while it was under British control.
Charles Michel de Langlade is recognized as the first settler, establishing a trading post at Green Bay in 1745, moving there permanently in 1764. Settlement began at Prairie du Chien around 1781; the French residents at the trading post in what is now Green Bay, referred to the t
Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States from 1981 to 1989. Prior to his presidency, he was a Hollywood actor and union leader before serving as the 33rd governor of California from 1967 to 1975. Reagan was raised in a poor family in small towns of northern Illinois, he graduated from Eureka College in 1932 and worked as a sports announcer on several regional radio stations. After moving to California in 1937, he found work as an actor and starred in a few major productions. Reagan was twice elected President of the Screen Actors Guild—the labor union for actors—where he worked to root out Communist influence. In the 1950s, he was a motivational speaker at General Electric factories. Reagan had been a Democrat until 1962, when he became a conservative and switched to the Republican Party. In 1964, Reagan's speech, "A Time for Choosing", supported Barry Goldwater's foundering presidential campaign and earned him national attention as a new conservative spokesman.
Building a network of supporters, he was elected governor of California in 1966. As governor, Reagan raised taxes, turned a state budget deficit to a surplus, challenged the protesters at the University of California, ordered in National Guard troops during a period of protest movements in 1969, was re-elected in 1970, he twice ran unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination, in 1968 and 1976. Four years in 1980, he won the nomination and defeated incumbent president Jimmy Carter. At 69 years, 349 days of age at the time of his first inauguration, Reagan was the oldest person to have assumed office until Donald Trump in 2017. Reagan faced former vice president Walter Mondale when he ran for re-election in 1984, defeated him, winning the most electoral votes of any U. S. president, 525, or 97.6 percent of the 538 votes in the Electoral College. This was the second-most lopsided presidential election in modern U. S. history after Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1936 victory over Alfred M. Landon, in which he won 98.5 percent or 523 of the 531 electoral votes.
Soon after taking office, Reagan began implementing sweeping new economic initiatives. His supply-side economic policies, dubbed "Reaganomics", advocated tax rate reduction to spur economic growth, economic deregulation, reduction in government spending. In his first term he survived an assassination attempt, spurred the War on Drugs, fought public sector labor. Over his two terms, the economy saw a reduction of inflation from 12.5% to 4.4%, an average annual growth of real GDP of 3.4%. Reagan enacted cuts in domestic discretionary spending, cut taxes, increased military spending which contributed to increased federal outlays overall after adjustment for inflation. Foreign affairs dominated his second term, including ending the Cold War, the bombing of Libya, the Iran–Iraq War, the Iran–Contra affair. In June 1987, four years after he publicly described the Soviet Union as an "evil empire", Reagan challenged Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!", during a speech at the Brandenburg Gate.
He transitioned Cold War policy from détente to rollback by escalating an arms race with the USSR while engaging in talks with Gorbachev. The talks culminated in the INF Treaty. Reagan began his presidency during the decline of the Soviet Union, the Berlin Wall fell just ten months after the end of his term. Germany reunified the following year, on December 26, 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed; when Reagan left office in 1989, he held an approval rating of 68 percent, matching those of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Bill Clinton, as the highest ratings for departing presidents in the modern era, he was the first president since Dwight D. Eisenhower to serve two full terms, after a succession of five prior presidents did not. Although he had planned an active post-presidency, Reagan disclosed in November 1994 that he had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease earlier that year. Afterward, his informal public appearances became more infrequent, he died at home on June 5, 2004. His tenure constituted a realignment toward conservative policies in the United States, he is an icon among conservatives.
Evaluations of his presidency among historians and the general public place him among the upper tier of American presidents. Ronald Wilson Reagan was born on February 6, 1911, in an apartment on the second floor of a commercial building in Tampico, Illinois, he was the younger son of Jack Reagan. Jack was a salesman and storyteller whose grandparents were Irish Catholic emigrants from County Tipperary, while Nelle was of half English and half Scottish descent. Reagan's older brother, Neil Reagan, became an advertising executive. Reagan's father nicknamed his son "Dutch", due to his "fat little Dutchman"-like appearance and "Dutchboy" haircut. Reagan's family lived in several towns and cities in Illinois, including Monmouth and Chicago. In 1919, they returned to Tampico and lived above the H. C. Pitney Variety Store until settling in Dixon. After his election as president, Reagan resided in the upstairs White House private quarters, he would quip that he was "living above the store again". Ronald Reagan wrote that his mother "always expected to find the best in people and did".
She attended the Disciples of Christ church and was active, influential, within it.
Winnebago County, Illinois
Winnebago County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 295,266, making it the seventh most populous county in Illinois behind Cook County and its five surrounding collar counties, its county seat is Rockford. Winnebago County is the central county of the Rockford Metropolitan Statistical Area. Winnebago County was formed on January 1836 out of Jo Daviess and LaSalle counties, it was named for the Winnebago Tribe of American Indians. At the time the county was founded its inhabitants consisted entirely of New Englanders and New England transplants from upstate New York; these were "Yankee" settlers, meaning they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England during the early 1600s. They made up all of Winnebago County's inhabitants during the first several decades of its history. In this regard the county was similar to most of the northern portion of the state of Illinois, all of the neighboring state of Wisconsin.
After the conclusion of the Black Hawk War there was an additional surge of immigration from New England. As a result of this heritage the inhabitants of Winnebago County considered themselves, functioned as, a cultural expansion of early New England culture. In the Presidential election of 1860, Abraham Lincoln won 3,985 votes in Winnebago County, whereas Stephen A. Douglas only won 817 votes. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 519 square miles, of which 513 square miles is land and 5.9 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Rockford have ranged from a low of 11 °F in January to a high of 83 °F in July, although a record low of −27 °F was recorded in January 1982 and a record high of 112 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.34 inches in February to 4.80 inches in June. Rock County, Wisconsin Boone County DeKalb County Ogle County Stephenson County Green County, Wisconsin As of the 2010 census, there were 295,266 people, 115,501 households, 76,854 families residing in the county.
The population density was 575.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 125,965 housing units at an average density of 245.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 77.4% white, 12.2% black or African American, 2.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 4.9% from other races, 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.6% were German, 13.5% were Irish, 9.4% were American, 8.7% were Swedish, 8.3% were English, 7.4% were Italian. Of the 115,501 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 38.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,198 and the median income for a family was $59,814. Males had a median income of $48,358 versus $32,103 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $24,008. About 11.5% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. Winnebago County is comprised by the following districts represented in 2015-2016 by the following individuals listed along with their political affiliation: District 1 Faye Lyon District 2 Jim Webster District 3 Steve Schultz District 4 David Boomer District 5 Dave Tassoni District 6 Kieth McDonald District 7 Gary Jury District 8 Eli Nicolosi District 9 Dave Kelley District 10 Joe Hoffman District 11 Dave Fiduccia District 12 Julio Salgado District 13 Angie Goral District 14 L. C. Wilson District 15 Burt Gerl District 16 John F. Sweeney District 17 Fred Wescott District 18 Dorothy Redd District 19 John Guevara District 20 Ted Biondo Loves Park Rockford South Beloit Lake Summerset Alworth Argyle‡ Harrison Seward Shirland Wempletown Winnebago County is divided into these townships: Prior to 1992, Winnebago County was a Republican Party stronghold in presidential elections, only backing the Democratic Party candidates in the national landslides of 1936 & 1964.
Since it has become a swing county, backing the national winner in every presidential election from 1980 to 2012. In 2016, national popular vote winner Hillary Clinton won the county by only eighty-nine votes over Electoral College winner Donald Trump. National Register of Historic Places listings in Winnebago County, Illinois Winnebago County War Memorial Specific GeneralU. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Winnebago County, Illinois Shaw, Adele Marie. "Common-Sense Country Schools: How Superintendent kern Has Revolutionized Rural Education In Winnebago County, Illinois". The World's Work: A History of Our Time. VIII: 4883–4894. Retrieved 2009-07-10. Includes numerous photos of c. 1904 Winnebago County schools. Church, Charles A.. History of Rockford and Winnebago County, from the first settlement in 1834 to the civil war. Rockford, Ill.: W. P. Lamb, printer. P. 430. The History of Winnebago County, Illinois: its past and present. Chicago: H. F. Kett & Co. 1877. P. 664. Official website Winnebago County Genealogy History of Winnebago County