Kellogg School of Management
The Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University is the business school of Northwestern University. Its main campus is in Evanston, with additional campuses in downtown Chicago and Miami, Florida. Kellogg offers MBA, MSM, PhD programs, along with dual-MBA/JD, dual-MBA/MDI, MMM programs. Kellogg partners with schools in China, Singapore, Spain, Hong Kong, Germany and Thailand. Founded in 1908 in downtown Chicago as the School of Commerce, the school was chartered to educate business leaders with "good moral character". Kellogg pioneered the use of group projects and evaluations and popularized the importance of "teamwork" and "team leadership" within the business world; the school, founded in 1908 as Northwestern University's School of Commerce, a part-time evening program, was one of 16 founding members of the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, the organization that sets accreditation standards for business schools. As one of the organization's original members, the school played a major role in helping to establish the Graduate Management Admission Test.
Researchers associated with the school have made contributions to fields such as marketing and decision sciences. For instance, Walter Dill Scott, a pioneer in applied psychology, helped establish some of the earliest advertising and marketing courses in the first decade of the twentieth century, he went on to serve as president of Northwestern University from 1920–1939. More Philip Kotler and Sidney J. Levy's groundbreaking 1969 Journal of Marketing article, "Broadening the Conception of Marketing," laid the foundations for a expanded understanding of marketing. Kotler's Marketing Management text has played a key role in deepening the field's scholarship. In 1919, Ralph E. Heilman, a Northwestern graduate with a doctorate from Harvard, was appointed the dean of the school, and in the next year, the school launched a graduate program leading toward the Master of Business Administration degree, drawing nearly 400 students in its first two years. In 1939, Homer Vanderblue became the fifth dean of the school.
During immense resource shortages caused by World War II, Dean Vanderblue kept the school functioning and led it through its transition from technical specialization toward a broader managerial education. In 1951, the school began offering executive education courses; the Institute for Management, a four-week summer program based in Evanston, expanded the following year to two sections. The program's success led to it being expanded in Europe in 1965 with a similar program offered in Bürgenstock, Switzerland. In 1976, the school expanded its executive education offerings in Evanston, introducing a degree-granting program known as the Executive Management Program. A watershed event in the school's history was the opening of the James L. Allen Center, home of the Kellogg executive education programs; the vision of Dean Donald P. Jacobs, the Allen Center enlisted the help of significant business figures in the Chicago-area, most notably James L. Allen, a Kellogg alumnus and co-founder of consultancy Booz Allen Hamilton.
The Allen Center's cornerstone was laid in 1978 while the facility opened Oct 31, 1979. In 1956, the school was renamed the School of Business; this training was oriented toward general management, rather than narrowly functional skills, as had been the case in many business schools for much of the 20th century. The training was designed to provide management skills suitable for leadership roles whether in the corporate, public, or nonprofit sectors – rather than careers focused on traditional business. To reflect this change, the school in 1969 stopped issuing the MBA credential in favor of the MM, or master of management degree. A point of differentiation for nearly three decades, the school more returned to the traditional MBA; these dramatic changes were predicated upon a key change under Dean John Barr: In 1966, Northwestern elected to discontinue its respected undergraduate program to focus its energies on graduate education. The school decided to pursue a research-based faculty, it attracted a number of world-class quantitative experts, many in the field of game theory, to build the school's Managerial Economics and Decision Sciences Department.
This department was founded in 1967 and led by Professor Stanley Reiter. In 1979, in honor of a $10 million gift made to the school on behalf of John L. Kellogg, the school was renamed as the J. L. Kellogg Graduate School of Management; the funds allowed the school to expand its research and teaching mission by establishing three endowed professorships. Before the Kellogg gift, the school had been expanding its research-focused faculty: In 1978 alone, the school added six additional "named" professorships and two new research professorships. In 2001, in an effort to improve the school's image, its name was shortened to the Kellogg School of Management." In June 2009, Kellogg announced that Dipak C. Jain would step down after eight years as return to teaching. On September 1, 2009, Sunil Chopra, former Senior Associate Dean for Curriculum and Teaching and the IBM Distinguished Professor of Op
Charles Deering Library, on the campus of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, U. S. was the main library on the Evanston campus from 1933, when it opened, until the construction of the Northwestern University Library in 1970. Deering Library houses the Northwestern University Archives on the first floor, the Music Library on the second floor, the Art Collection and the Special Collections Department on the third floor; the library is named for Charles Deering, a Northwestern benefactor and chairman of International Harvester, who provided the initial financing for the building. Deering Library succeeded Lunt Library as Northwestern's principal library. Built in 1894, Lunt Library was the university's first library, but had become overcrowded by the 1920s. Deering Library, planned by Theodore Wesley Koch, University Librarian from 1919 to 1941, served as Northwestern's main library until the completion of University Library in 1970. After the opening of the University Library, the only way to enter Deering Library was through a basement corridor that connected the new Library to the old.
The site chosen for Deering Library had been occupied by Heck Hall, a dormitory which burned down in 1914. The library was designed by the architect James Gamble Rogers in Collegiate Gothic style. Building began in 1931, the cornerstone was laid in 1932, the building opened in 1933; the structure is composed of Lannon stone and was modeled after King's College Chapel at Cambridge University. It contains 68 stained glass windows by G. Owen Bonawit; the wood and stone carvings were made by the sculptor Rene Paul Chambellan. The Bulletin of the American Library Association said of the wood carvings: "Captivating pelicans, pompous owls, mischievous monkeys peer at one form decorous perches, refreshingly reminding one that the environment of scholarship need not be solemn."The initial funding for the building was provided by the family of Charles Deering, who donated $1 million for the building. Before his death, Deering had endowed a professorship in botany, his father, William Deering, had donated Fisk Hall, another building on the Evanston campus.
In 2013, the library underwent a $2.5 million renovation that began with restoring the West Entry, where the main doors were located, the lobby, the outside place, as well as adding accessible-entry routes. The library renovation received an award for "Devine Detail" from the Chicago chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 2013 and a Palladio Award for "Restoration and Renovation" in 2016. Deering Library Site
Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law
Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law shortened to Northwestern Pritzker School of Law, is one of the professional graduate schools of Northwestern University, located in Chicago, Illinois. Northwestern Law is a group of law schools that have national recognition. Founded in 1859, it was the first law school established in Chicago. Notable alumni include: Arthur Goldberg, United States Supreme Court Justice. S. House of Representatives. Founded in 1859, the school that would become known as the Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law was the first law school established in the city of Chicago; the school was the law department of the Old University of Chicago under the founding direction of Henry Booth and enrolled twenty-three students. The law school became Union College of Law when it jointly affiliated with Northwestern University in 1873. In 1891, the law school formally became Northwestern University School of Law when Northwestern assumed total control. Throughout the 20th century, programs such as the JD-MBA and JD-PhD were added to maintain the law school's position as one of America's top-ranked schools of law.
In October 2015, it was named, Northwestern Pritzker School of Law, after J. B. Pritzker and his wife, M. K. Pritzker, gave $100 million to the law school. Northwestern Law is located on Northwestern University's downtown campus in Chicago's Streeterville/Gold Coast neighborhood; the law school is on Lake Shore Drive and Chicago Avenue, adjacent to Lake Shore Park and Lake Michigan, a few blocks from the John Hancock Center, Magnificent Mile, Water Tower, Oak Street Beach, Navy Pier. The law school's location in the heart of downtown Chicago provides a wealth of part-time employment options for students while in school and a setting in which to study law; the proximity to courts and public interest activities enables students to experience the practice of law, as well as its theory. Admission to Northwestern Law is competitive. For the class entering in the fall of 2016, 821 out of 4,070 applicants were offered admission, with 213 matriculating; the 25th and 75th LSAT percentiles for the 2016 entering class were 163 and 170 with a median of 168.
The 25th and 75th undergraduate GPA percentiles were 3.43 and 3.89 with a median of 3.81. The law school's practical philosophy is manifested in a strong preference for applicants with at least two years of work experience. 90% of the school's students enter with at least one year of full-time work experience. In this respect, Northwestern Law is similar to many business schools. According to U. S. News & World Report's 2017 Edition, 79% of the law school's 2016 graduates obtained prospective, full-time employment prior to graduation, with a median starting salary of $180,000. According to Northwestern's official 2016 ABA-required disclosures, 91% of the Class of 2015 obtained full-time, long-term employment nine months after graduation. Northwestern's Law School Transparency under-employment score is 8.8%, indicating the percentage of the Class of 2013 unemployed, pursuing an additional degree, or working in a non-professional, short-term, or part-time job nine months after graduation. Northwestern Law is well-established among BigLaw firms.
In Vault's 2016 survey, of over 15,000 BigLaw associates, Northwestern Law ranked #2 as a "feeder" school for BigLaw firms, after accounting for school size. According to Vault, Northwestern Law outperforms its expected BigLaw representation by 315%; the law school enrolls 985 students in its J. D. LL. M. S. J. D. and M. S. L. Programs; the school employs an interdisciplinary research faculty, has a low student-faculty ratio. According to Northwestern's 2016 ABA-required disclosures, 93% of the Class of 2016 obtained full-time, long-term employment nine months after graduation; the total cost of attendance at Northwestern Law for the 2015-2016 academic year is $79,904. The Law School Transparency estimated debt-financed cost of attendance for three years is $292,586. Northwestern Law sponsors six student-run scholarly legal journals. Student staff members are selected based on a writing competition, editing competition, first-year grades, or a publishable note or comment on a legal topic; the Journal of International Law and Business has a substantive focus on private international law, as opposed to public international law or human rights.
It seeks scholarship analyzing transnational and international legal problems and their effect on private entities. The Journal's stated goal is to promote an understanding of the future course of international legal developments as they relate to private entities; the Northwestern University Law Review was first published in 1906 when it was called the "Illinois Law Review." Prior editors include: Roscoe Pound, long-time dean of Harvard Law School. The Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property addr
Old Roycemore School building
The old Roycemore School building is a Northwestern University building, included on the National Register of Historical Places. The structure had housed the Roycemore School from its opening until 2012. Roycemore School was founded in 1915 as an all-girls school, it became co-ed in 1962. The Prairie Style building was designed by Prairie School architect Thomas Eddy Tallmadge. Tallmadge, who worked with Daniel H. Burnham taught at Armour Institute; the former Roycemore School building was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987, based upon its unique open Prairie Style school floor plan. While the building itself is prairie style, its other interiors are decidedly a departure from that style; the gymnasium, with its vaulted ceilings and heavy wooden beams, are a throwback to a more architecture style. Small windows let in light keeping the room warm in the winter months and stifling in the summer. A small balcony looks down upon the floor across from the heavy wooden stage. At the entrance to what were the administrative offices, the prairie style is on full display, if sometimes obscured by the ivy vines growing up the side of the building at the corner of Orrington and Colfax.
That portion of the building looks more prairie home, much like its neighbors along Orrington, rather than a business office. As its property lease with Northwestern University for the lot at Lincoln St. and Orrington Ave. was due to end in 2014, in early 2000 the school began looking for another Evanston location that would allow room to continue a trend of enrollment growth that had occurred over the previous 10 years, with updated technology and to accommodate a larger, regulation-sized, gymnasium. Roycemore began classes at 1200 Davis Street in Evanston on January 6, 2012. Despite zoning that allows Northwestern to utilize the property as a dormitory, neighbors have voiced objections to the possibility. Dormitories are considered to be the least favorite potential reuse of the site amongst nearby residents. Despite the building having hosted classes for the near-century the Roycemore School was housed there, some neighbors objected to the idea of Northwestern utilizing the site for university classes.
Many neighbors reiterated longtime objections to the housing of student housing located west of Sheridan Road, complaining of the noise produced by students' late-night partying and their commuting to and from classes and the disruption it causes for the single-family homes nearby. The City of Evanston has objected to potential redevelopment of the site that would require demolition or partial demolition of the structure, as it considers most of the interconnected buildings the make up the components of the structure to be local landmarks, Northwestern's associate vice president of facilities management Ron Nayler has stated that the University only intends to restore the landmark buildings, rather than demolish them. Nayler did however say that the school may replace a home on the site, not itself landmark. Potential uses zoning would allow encompass, amongst other things, housing for fraternities and sororities, faculty or administrative offices, student dormitories, university classrooms, upperclass-student housing.
Development on the site would directly impact the adjacent residential neighborhood, which includes a new single-family housing development across Orrington Avenue. In the meantime, Northwestern has been intending to utilize the building through interim uses. Temporary uses have included utilization by Northwestern's art program during renovations of Kresge Hall. A scene featuring Matt Damon was shot for the film Contagion on an empty lot across from Roycemore School, with the school and nearby houses providing background; the empty lot was transformed into a youth baseball park for the scene. National Register of Historic Places nomination form
Northwestern University in Qatar
Northwestern University in Qatar is Northwestern University’s campus in Education City, Qatar, founded in partnership with Qatar Foundation in 2008. Northwestern University's Qatar campus offers a liberal arts and media education with undergraduate degrees awarded in communication and strategic communication. Having been approached in 2006 by the Qatar Foundation for Education and Community Development, Northwestern agreed the following year to open its campus at Education City; the inaugural NU-Q Class of 2012 began studies in August 2008. Additional classes have been added each year, the university has established strong ties with local organizations, partnering with media groups and collaborating with a number of regional initiatives to generate additional educational and professional opportunities for its students. A number of notable journalists and media professionals have addressed students and faculty at Northwestern University in Qatar, including Fareed Zakaria of CNN's Fareed Zakaria GPS.
The university graduated its first class in spring 2012. The curriculum leading to the award of the Bachelor of Science in Communication degree is based on that of the Northwestern University School of Communication at Northwestern's Evanston campus. Communication students at NU-Q pursue a major in Media Industries and Technologies, which combines elements of the Communication Studies and Radio/TV/Film majors offered at the Northwestern University home campus in the United States; the curriculum leading to the award of the Bachelor of Science in Journalism degree draws on that of the Medill School of Journalism, Integrated Marketing Communications at Northwestern's Evanston campus. This program is accredited by the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. Liberal arts courses are provided by Northwestern's Weinberg College of Sciences. NU-Q courses are modeled on those offered at Northwestern University campus in the United States, although adjustments have been made because the Qatar campus courses are taught in a 15-week semester system, rather than a 10-week quarter system.
Additionally, courses with particular relevance to the region are offered at NU-Q. In 2012, NU-Q secured permission from the Board of Trustees to make its own academic appointments. NU-Q's academic programs provide various opportunities for students to participate in international programs. Students in the Journalism and Strategic Communication Program are required to complete a junior year residency. Juniors in the Communication Program are eligible to apply for the Evanston exchange. Shorter international academic trips are offered at various times throughout the year. Past destinations have included Turkey, Italy, South Africa, France and the USA. All students are eligible their sophomore year to apply for a one-week trip to the Northwestern University Evanston campus, which takes place in May of each year. NU-Q students can access courses at the five other American universities located in Education City. Northwestern's Qatar Campus is one of the best communication schools in the world. Degrees awarded by Northwestern University's Qatar campus are accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.
NU-Q offers an annual summer media program to high school students combining aspects of the Journalism and Strategic Communication and Communication Programs. NU-Q offers workshops to high school students periodically throughout the school year. Similar to other universities with campuses in Education City, Northwestern's facilities are paid for by Qatar. In 2014, Northwestern received $45.3 million to run the Doha campus. Like other Doha campuses of U. S. universities, Qatari students at Northwestern have their tuition covered by Qatar. Students of other nationalities either pay for their own tuition or can sometimes receive scholarship money; as of 2016, tuition for the school is about $52,000 per year. NU-Q's permanent home in Education City was designed by American architect Antoine Predock. Predock traveled around the world, deriving inspiration from desert structures to give NU-Q's new building a look and feel appropriate to Qatar's culture and location. Northwestern moved into its permanent facility in January 2017.
The four-story building has achieved a LEED Gold Certification. The university will soon open The Media Majlis at Northwestern University in Qatar, the first museum in the Arab world dedicated to exploring the content of media and communication. Located on the NU-Q campus, the bilingual museum will feature interactive exhibitions, discussion programs and other projects examining media and communication through global and local/Qatar lenses. An inaugural exhibit will examine a century's worth of film history as shaped by notions of Arab identity; the Media Majlis, Qatar's first university museum, will offer free admission to students and the public. In 2013, NU-Q launched the school's signature research project, an annual survey of media use in the MENA region. Media Use in the Middle East in 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, as well the report, Media Industries in the Middle East, 2016, revealed regional attitudes about government censorship, press freedom, the morality of content, entertainment preferences and overall con
Artificial turf is a surface of synthetic fibers made to look like natural grass. It is most used in arenas for sports that were or are played on grass. However, it is now being used on residential lawns and commercial applications as well; the main reason is maintenance—artificial turf stands up to heavy use, such as in sports, requires no irrigation or trimming. Domed and covered stadiums may require artificial turf because of the difficulty of getting grass enough sunlight to stay healthy. Artificial turf does have its downside, however: limited life, periodic cleaning requirements, petroleum use, toxic chemicals from infill, heightened health and safety concerns. Artificial turf first gained substantial attention 53 years ago in 1966, when it was installed in the year-old Astrodome; the specific product used was "ChemGrass", rebranded as AstroTurf. AstroTurf is no longer owned by Monsanto; the first generation turf systems of the 1960s have been replaced by the second generation and third generation turf systems.
Second generation synthetic turf systems feature longer fibers and sand infills, third generation systems, which are most used today, offer infills that are mixtures of sand and granules of recycled rubber aka "rubber crumb". David Chany, who moved to Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1960 and served as Dean of the North Carolina State University College of Textiles, headed the team of Research Triangle Park researchers who created the first notable artificial turf; that accomplishment led Sports Illustrated to declare Chaney as the man "responsible for indoor major league baseball and millions of welcome mats." Artificial turf was first installed in 1964 on a recreation area at the Moses Brown School in Providence, Rhode Island. The material came to public prominence in 1966, when AstroTurf was installed in the Astrodome in Houston, Texas; the state-of-the-art indoor stadium had attempted to use natural grass during its initial season in 1965, but this failed miserably and the field conditions were grossly inadequate during the second half of the season, with the dead grass painted green.
Due to a limited supply of the new artificial grass, only the infield was installed before the Houston Astros' home opener in April 1966. The use of AstroTurf and similar surfaces became widespread in the U. S. and Canada in the early 1970s, installed in both indoor and outdoor stadiums used for baseball and football. More than 11,000 artificial turf playing fields have been installed nationally. More than 1,200 were installed in the U. S. in 2013 alone, according to the industry group the Synthetic Turf Council. Maintaining a grass playing surface indoors, while technically possible, is prohibitively expensive. Teams who chose to play on artificial surfaces outdoors did so because of the reduced maintenance cost in colder climates with urban multi-purpose "cookie cutter" stadiums such as Cincinnati's Riverfront Stadium, Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium and Philadelphia's Veterans Stadium. Artificial turf was first used in Major League Baseball in the Houston Astrodome in 1966, replacing the grass field used when the stadium opened a year earlier.
Though the grass was bred for indoor use, the dome's semi-transparent Lucite ceiling panels, painted white to cut down on glare that bothered the players, did not pass enough sunlight to support the grass. For most of the 1965 season, the Astros played on dead grass; the solution was to install a new type of artificial grass on the field, ChemGrass, which became known as AstroTurf. Because the supply of AstroTurf was still low, only a limited amount was available for the first home game. There was not enough for the entire outfield, but there was enough to cover the traditional grass portion of the infield; the outfield remained painted dirt until after the All-Star Break. The team was sent on an extended road trip before the break, on July 19, 1966, the installation of the outfield portion of AstroTurf was completed; the Chicago White Sox became the first team to install artificial turf in an outdoor stadium, as they used it in the infield and adjacent foul territory at Comiskey Park from 1969 through 1975.
Artificial turf was installed in other new multi-purpose stadiums such as Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium, Philadelphia's Veterans Stadium, Cincinnati's Riverfront Stadium. Early AstroTurf baseball fields used the traditional all-dirt path, but in the early 1970s, teams began using the "base cutout" layout on the diamond, with the only dirt being on the pitcher's mound, batter's circle, in a "sliding box" around each base. With this layout, a painted arc would indicate where the edge of the outfield grass would be, to assist fielders in positioning themselves properly; the last stadium in MLB to use this configuration was Rogers Centre in Toronto, when they switched to an all-dirt infield after the 2015 season. The Arizona Diamondbacks plan to convert Chase Field to artificial turf for the 2019 season; the stadium has had grass since its opening in 1998, but the difficulty of maintaining of grass in the stadium, which has a retractable roof and is located in a desert city, has been cited as the reason for the switch.
The biggest difference in play on artificial turf was that the ball bounced higher than on real grass and traveled faster, causing infielders to play farther back than they would so that
Medill School of Journalism
The Medill School of Journalism, Integrated Marketing Communications is a constituent school of Northwestern University that offers both undergraduate and graduate programs. It has been ranked one of the top schools of journalism in the United States. Medill alumni include 38 Pulitzer Prize laureates, numerous national correspondents for major networks, many well-known reporters and columnists. Northwestern is one of the few schools embracing a technological approach towards journalism. Medill received a Knight Foundation grant to establish the Knight News Innovation Laboratory in 2011; the Knight Lab is a joint initiative of Medill and the McCormick School of Engineering at Northwestern, one of the first to combine journalism and computer science. The Medill School was founded in 1921, named after Joseph Medill and editor of the Chicago Tribune, run by his grandsons Robert R. McCormick and Joseph Medill Patterson; the journalism program offers Bachelor of Master of Science degrees. The undergraduate curriculum requires a broad liberal arts education as well as the study and practice of journalism.
The one-year master's curriculum is an intensive hands-on with students specializing in either: Health and Science. The Integrated Marketing Communications program offers a Master of Science degree and Undergraduate Certificate; the graduate level program has part-time and online options. Full-time students can pursue a specialization, choosing from brand strategy, content marketing and interactive marketing, marketing analytics, strategic communications and media management. Medill undergraduates participate in a journalism residency for one quarter in their junior or senior year, during which they intern in a professional newsroom or media organization. Media outlets across the United States — and in some cases, overseas — have participated in this program. Medill is headquartered on the southern end of Northwestern's campus in Evanston, but it opened a program in 2008, at the branch campus Northwestern University in Qatar. In spring 2016, Medill will open a new campus location in San Francisco, in partnership with the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science.
For many years the school's main location was in Fisk Hall. In fall 2002, the school opened the McCormick Foundation Center, which features a professional-grade TV studio and multimedia classrooms for Medill's growing emphasis on new forms of media, it was known as the Medill School of Journalism. To reflect the broader focus the faculty approved the expanded name "Medill School of Journalism, Integrated Marketing Communications" in late 2010, the new name was approved by the university board of trustees in March 2011. Medill is known for graduates who "mix high-tech savvy with hard-nosed reporting skills"; the Knight Lab is a joint initiative of Northwestern's Medill School of Journalism and the Robert R. McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science funded by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation announced in 2011, it combines the disciplines of journalism and computer science together to establish a cutting edge media innovation lab, one of the few of its kind in the country. According to Northwestern's press release: "Among the Knight Lab's goals is to maximize use of open-source software developed through the Knight News Challenge, a $25 million worldwide media innovation contest now in its fifth year, as well as from other grantees from Knight Foundation's $100 million media innovation initiative...
Those include projects such as an aggregator of public information. Us, a new way of "crowd-funding" journalism." The Medill Justice Project known as the Medill Innocence Project, began in 1999, as an effort by Medill faculty and students to reinvestigate murder convictions in Illinois and determine if people were wrongly convicted. This effort has helped to free 11 innocent men, including Anthony Porter, and the Ford Heights Four. Medill Justice Project work is credited with prompting Illinois Governor George Ryan to suspend the death penalty and commute all death sentences in 2003. In 1999, the project worked to free Anthony Porter, convicted of killing two people. Alstory Simon made a video confession to the crimes, encouraged by the Medill Justice Project and a private investigator. Simon pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 37 years. However, in 2014, authorities freed him from prison. Anita Alvarez, of the Cook County State's Attorney's Office, criticized David Protess, the Innocence Project founder and director, long-time Medill journalism professor.
Prosecutors said Protess, private investigator Paul Ciolino, Medill students manipulated Simon into making the confession. The Innocence Project told Simon he could be executed, said he could earn money from book deals if he cooperated, falsely claimed there was a witness who implicated Simon. From 2009 to 2011, the project was involved in a dispute with the Cook County, Illinois state's attorney over the handling of the Anthony McKinney case; the university claimed reporter's privilege in resisting a subpoena for Justice Project records of the case, while the state claimed the project had been acting as investigators in behalf of McKinney's counsel. Medill faculty member David Protess was suspended during this dispute. In 2011