Bath, New Brunswick
The village of Bath, New Brunswick is located on the Saint John River in Carleton County, New Brunswick, Canada. As of the Canada 2016 Census it had a population of 476; the mayor is Troy F. J. Stone. Bath is known as the Monquart. Bath is famous for the annual "Bath Fall Fair" which takes place every Labour Day with a parade and fair and to end the night fireworks. Soldiers from the War of 1812 first settled in the area. Bath has been dependent on the St. John River as means of communication with other areas in the province and transportation. Transportation in Bath changed drastically by the addition of railway in the 1870s, residents of the village were now able to travel via rail instead of the river; the railway brought growth to Bath with the new retail stores, axe factory, four hotels and blacksmith shop opening as a result of the railway. The economy in Bath has taken a downfall in recent years. Small businesses are the backbone of Bath. There is only one restaurant in New Brunswick; the eatery offers a family dining experience.
The other restaurant, "The Monquarter" is now permanently closed since early 2018. Two hair dresser options for the residents of Bath including Shape and Shear and Frank's Barber Shop. Bank of Nova Scotia is the only bank in Bath. Bath is within the region of New Brunswick referred to as the'Bible Belt', it has a high number of churches in relation to the small population of the area. There are three churches with the town limits: Church of St. Joseph is the Roman Catholic Church belonging to the Diocese of St. John United Pentecostal Church of Bath United Baptist Parsonage The Bath Community School enrolls 188 students from Kindergarten to grade 8; the school is in the Anglophone West School District. The Bath Elementary School was closed and students moved to the Bath Middle School directly beside; this "new" school was named Bath Community School and the current Principal is Jason Smith. The Bath Community School is receiving $250,000 investment from the provincial government to aid in planning of upcoming renovations.
The funds will be directed to the 2017-2018 capital budget. Government type for Bath is Mayor-council. Troy Stone is the elected Mayor of Bath with Chrles McNair as Deputy Mayor and Barb McIntosh and Jodi O'Neill as Councillors; the Member of Parliament for the Tobique-Mactuquac riding in the House of Commons of Canada is TJ Harvey. As a Canadian Liberal TJ became federal representation for residents of Bath, New Brunswick in the 2015 elections. Member of Legislative Assembly for the Carleton-Victoria riding is Andrew Harvey. Elected in 2014, Andrew Harvey serves the residents of Bath on a provincial level. Andrew Harvey is the New Brunswick Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. Bath is fortunate enough to have active charitable organizations in the village that work hard towards the betterment of the community; the Knights of Columbus is an international group of Catholic men taking charitable action. Charity is their main focus and the organization works hard to improve quality of life in Bath and surrounding areas.
The Grand Knight of the Bath branch is Hermel Langlais. The Lions Club is the largest service club organization; the club has multiple projects in the village all directed towards charitable actions. The President of the Bath Lions Club is Gerald Sullivan; the River View Manor is a non-profit and registered charitable organization located in Bath, New Brunswick. The River View Manor is a beneficial contributor to the village of Bath economy. There are 39 residents over 50 employees. River Run is a established tradition for the Village of Bath. Kayaks and canoes paddle down the St. John River each year on New Brunswick day from Bath to the next town, Florenceville-Bristol. Bath Fall Fair has been a tradition in the Village of Bath since Labor Day in 1944; the fair takes place each year at the Bath Fair Grounds during Labour Day weekend. It begins with a parade throughout the town and continues with other events including: Western New Brunswick International Balloon Festival begins in Bath on the Thursday before Labor Day and ends on the Monday.
The festival occurs on the Bath Fair Grounds and is a family friendly event that gives locals an opportunity to experience hot air balloon rides and the beauty of witnessing a balloon festival. Trevor-Goodine Professional Lumberjack Competition is held on Labour Day at the Bath Fair Grounds, it is a Maritime Lumberjack Association sanctioned event. Bath is the birthplace of Buzz Hargrove, former president of the Canadian Auto Workers, Rev. Brent Hawkes, Charlotte MacLeod, mystery fiction writer. List of communities in New Brunswick Village of Bath
Norton is a town in Bristol County, United States, contains the village of Norton Center. The population was 19,031 at the 2010 census. Home of Wheaton College, Norton hosts the Dell Technologies Championship, a tournament of the PGA Tour held annually on the Labor Day holiday weekend at the TPC Boston golf club. Norton was first settled in 1669 and was called North Taunton for its location on the northern border of Taunton, Massachusetts; the town was renamed "Norton"—after Norton, England, where many early settlers had originated—when the town was established on March 17, 1710. Parts of Norton were established as Easton on December 21, 1725, as Mansfield on April 26, 1770. Metacomet, the Wampanoag Indian sachem known as "King Phillip", is said to have hidden in a cave here near the end of King Philip's War before meeting his death in Hockomock Swamp. According to one source, "Every Norton school child has been entertained with the legend of King Phillip's Cave."The bandstand within the town center was erected using donated funds during the first Gulf War, in honor of the veterans who served from Norton.
Norton is a small but growing town. In elementary school, students were told the story of the "Devil's Foot Print", where James Wetherall sold his soul to the devil; the devil's foot print can be seen at Norton's Joseph C. Solmonese Elementary School; every 26 years, the school unburies a time capsule, the last of, buried in 1999. The time capsule will be opened next in 2026; the Sun Chronicle describes: So it was in December 1997, when a traffic light was installed at the intersection of routes 123 and 140 in Norton. It was the town's first full traffic light and, in a manner of speaking, it declared "Norton isn't Mayberry anymore." Norton is a location in the claimed paranormal Bridgewater Triangle. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.8 square miles, of which 28.7 square miles is land and 1.1 square miles, or 3.72%, is water. Norton is low and swampy; the waters of the area are fed by the Wading River and the Canoe River, both of which feed into the Taunton River downstream.
The two largest bodies of water in town are the Norton Reservoir, north of the center of town, Winnecunnet Pond on the east, fed by the Canoe River and feeds into the Mill River. The town, an irregular polygon oriented from northeast to southwest, is bordered by Easton to the northeast, Taunton to the southeast, Rehoboth to the south, Attleboro to the southwest, Mansfield to the northwest. Norton is 27 miles south-southwest of Boston, 15 miles northeast of Providence, Rhode Island. Norton is served by Interstate 495 and Massachusetts Routes 123 and 140, which meet at the center of town. There is an exit off of I-495 for Route 123 in the eastern part of town, 140's exit to the interstate lies just north of the Mansfield town line. One route of the Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority runs through town, linking the two cities on either side; the Middleboro Subdivision passes through the town, with 4.5 miles of railroad track crossing the southern quarter of town, linking lines in Attleboro and Taunton.
The Providence/Stoughton_Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system has stops in both Attleboro and Mansfield nearby, providing rail access to Providence and Boston. The nearest municipal airport is in neighboring Mansfield, with the nearest national and international flights being either from Boston's Logan International Airport or T. F. Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island; the town is bisected southeast to northwest by Interstate 495, as well as Massachusetts Route 140 from north to south and Massachusetts Route 123 from southwest to northeast. Exit 10 off of I-495 links the highway with Route 123. Exit 9 and Exit 11 are just over the town lines. Route 140 and Route 123 intersect by the town green. Although it is not signed as such, many fans attending concerts and events at the Xfinity Center reach the venue by driving along Route 123 to Route 140; the town is a part of the Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority bus line. The nearest MBTA station is in Mansfield; as of the census of 2000, there were 18,036 people, 5,872 households, 4,474 families residing in the town.
These residents are referred to as either "Nortonites" or "Nortonians", though the term "Norts" is used in colloquial context. The population density was 628.3 people per square mile. There were 5,961 housing units at an average density of 207.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 92.15% White, 1.16% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.47% from other races, 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population. There were 5,872 households out of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.8% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.22. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 mal
Belleisle, New Brunswick
Bilal is an informal geographic region in the Canadian province of New Brunswick in the lower Saint John River valley. Situated around Bilal Bay, the area is predominantly agricultural and functions as a summer community for many cottage-goers from nearby Saint John; the region is divided between Queens County. Incorporated Village of Norton Unincorporated Belleisle Creek Erbs Cove Hatfield Point Henderson Settlement Kars Keirsteadville Long Creek Long Point Midland Shannon Springfield Wickham New Brunswick Route 121 New Brunswick Route 124 New Brunswick Route 695 New Brunswick Route 705 New Brunswick Route 710 New Brunswick Route 850 New Brunswick Route 855 New Brunswick Route 870 New Brunswick Route 875 Evandale Ferry, a cable ferry that carries Route 124 across the Saint John River from Kars on the east bank to Evandale on the west bank. Hampstead Ferry, a cable ferry that carries Route 705 across the Saint John River from Wickham on the east bank to Hampstead on the west bank; this ferry service was cancelled in 2009 by the provincial government.
Belleisle Bay Ferry, a cable ferry that crosses Belleisle Bay from Kars on the south bank to Long Point on the north bank. Belleisle Elementary School is where children go to attend Kindergarten to grade 5. Students attend Belleisle Regional High School for grade 6-12; the schools are located on opposite sides of the road in Springfield. The schools belong to School District 6. Camp Pascobac is a resident camp for boys located on Belleisle Bay, founded in 1928, it provides instruction in boating and canoeing, craft development and other community activities. The camp is run by the local YMCA and runs for four weeks in the summer
Alma, New Brunswick
Alma is a village in the parish of Alma, Albert County, New Brunswick, Canada. This village is centered on the small delta of the Upper Salmon River and Cleveland Brook, where they empty into Salisbury Bay; the headquarters of Fundy National Park is in Alma West, making tourism a major part of the local economy. Fishing, of lobster and scallops, is another primary economic activity; the settlement, known as Salmon River Settlement, began in earnest as the lumbering trade took root with the exchange of land-grant title, construction of a sawmill on the Upper Salmon River by its new owners. Prior to this, loyalist John Coffin, who held the land grant, caused frustration for would-be settlers because of his absence, thus began the most vibrant period in the communities history. The Parish of Alma was created surrounding the Village in 1856, commemorating the then-recent Battle of Alma during the Crimean war; the Village municipality incorporated in 1966 following sweeping changes that disbanded county councils.
It was 18 years prior that the federal government expropriated land in the village and parish west of the Upper Salmon River for the creation of Fundy National Park. Many homes were relocated east of the river as lumber barons gave way to the new land managers, the Parks Canada Agency. In addition to tourism related to the park and scallop fishing are an important industry based out of Alma's tidal harbour. Alma is famous for its wide variety of seafood chowder restaurants. Due to its proximity to Fundy National Park, Alma receives a considerable amount of tourist traffic in the summertime which supports its restaurants. Despite its population of 232, Alma hosts an annual chowder festival, which pitted seventeen different local seafood restaurants against each other in 2013. Alma was the birthplace of Molly Kool, who in 1939 became Master Mariner for offshore sailing, a captain, a first in the Western World, sailing a commercial Bay of Fundy scow sloop between ports. A monument on the Alma waterfront marks her accomplishment.
Judson Arthur Cleveland was the most outstanding citizen of Alma for his role in holding the community in place as his saw mill ran despite tiresome bad economic times, providing livelihoods so that families might remain. He was a long-standing champion of Community on the County Council as a councilor. Alma has a cool and snowy humid continental climate with significant seasonal differences in spite of its near-ocean location. Summers are warm but short, whereas winters are cold but milder than inland areas. Village of Alma This site documents the Crimean War Monument in the Old Burial Grounds in Halifax, NS
European and North American Railway
The European and North American Railway is the name for three historic Canadian and American railways which were built in New Brunswick and Maine. The idea of the E&NA as a single system was conceived at a railway conference in Portland, Maine in 1850 by railroad entrepreneur John A. Poor; the line was intended to link Portland with an ice-free Atlantic port in Nova Scotia to connect with fast trans-Atlantic ships from Europe. The concept was discussed throughout the early 1850s in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Maine as a means to connect the British colonies with the railway network of the United Province of Canada. Poor himself was promoting a connection from Portland to Richmond and built the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad, opening in 1853, the same year it was purchased by Grand Trunk. Poor stood to benefit from a dual flow of traffic from the Maritimes to New England and the Maritimes to the Canadas; the railway most referred to as the E&NA in Canada was built between Saint John and Shediac, New Brunswick as a segment of Poor’s vision of a Portland-Nova Scotia line.
The initial ownership of the line is unclear, however the European and North American Railway was incorporated in New Brunswick on March 15, 1851, following the Portland conference, with the intention being to start construction east toward Nova Scotia. Both Saint John, St. Andrews, New Brunswick were vying for the E&NA to begin in their respective communities. Saint John convinced the company to forego plans to build into Nova Scotia by concentrating on reaching the Northumberland Strait first; this would give the city a steamship connection through the Gulf of St. Lawrence to Canada East, as well as allowing coal and other goods to avoid the circuitous and hazardous transit around Nova Scotia. Construction started in 1853. Construction did not proceed far and the company went bankrupt in 1856 with the colonial government of New Brunswick taking over the company’s line in 1857; that year saw construction proceed apace under a newly reincorporated government-owned European and North American Railway Co.
Canada’s first civil engineering graduate, H. G. C. Ketchum, of the University of New Brunswick, was employed in the surveying and construction of the line. Ketchum surveyed a high-capacity railway with long tangent sections and minimal grades between Saint John and Moncton; the first section of the E&NA opened between Shediac and Moncton on August 20, 1857, a distance of 16.8 miles. Although the Shediac-Moncton section was the first part opened, the line was soon extended 2 miles east to the better wharf facilities at Point du Chene; the line had been surveyed to extend from Cape Brule 2 miles further east of Point du Chene, however the sheltered harbour at Point du Chene won out over the more exposed Cape Brule location. Meanwhile, the line between Hampton, New Brunswick and Saint John opened in 1859 and the remaining section between Moncton and Hampton was opened in 1860. In 1860, the colony of New Brunswick issued a postage stamp; the stamp was commissioned by one of the railway's directors, Charles Connell.
The E&NA never progressed east from Moncton to its stated goal of Nova Scotia. By the late 1850s, the Nova Scotia Railway had built a line from Halifax to Truro, Nova Scotia, with a stated ambition of building westward to link with the E&NA in New Brunswick; the missing link between Truro and Moncton was built by the Intercolonial Railway, completed in 1872. The E&NA’s "Eastern Extension" locomotive shops and headquarters were located in Shediac until it was taken over by the Intercolonial Railway, which moved them to Moncton. Less well-known was the railway most referred to as the E&NA Western Extension, built between South Bay, New Brunswick and St. Croix on the International Boundary with Maine. On April 13, 1864, the colonial government in New Brunswick incorporated a company called the European and North American Railway for extension from Saint John westward to build the "Western Extension" of the E&NA system; the 90-mile railway was surveyed that year and a contract for construction was awarded to E.
R. Burpee. On November 9, 1865, the first sod was turned at South Bay by the mayor of Saint John. By August 14, 1869 the line was opened between Hartts Mills. On November 17, 1869 the line was opened from the Maine border at St. Croix east to Saint John; the E&NA incorporated in the State of Maine as the European and North American Railway on August 20, 1850. Subsequent delays over the next 15 years saw its charter revised to run from Bangor to Vanceboro, Maine on the International Boundary opposite St. Croix, New Brunswick. Construction began with the section from Bangor to Olamon, opening in 1868 and Olamon to Mattawamkeag, opening in 1869; the 114 mile line was completed to Vanceboro in October 1871, linking the E&NA to the E&NA at Vanceboro-St. Croix. A ceremony celebrating completion of the line was attended by U. S. President Ulysses S. Grant and Canadian Governor General Lord Lisgar at the boundary bridge crossing the St. Croix River. On November 9, 1872, the Eastern Division was consolidated, along with the Nova Scotia Railway, into the Intercolonial Railway.
On the other hand, the Maine and
History of New Brunswick
New Brunswick, is one of the three Maritime provinces in Canada, the only bilingual province in the country. The history of New Brunswick can be viewed according to four periods: pre-European contact, French colonization, British colonization and New Brunswick since Confederation; the aboriginal nations of New Brunswick include the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet/Wəlastəkwiyik and Passamaquoddy. The Mi'kmaw territories are in the east of the province; the Maliseets are located along the length of the St. John River, the Passamaquoddy are situated in the southwest, around Passamaquoddy Bay. Amerindians have occupied New Brunswick for at least 13,000 years; the "Maliseet" are a First Nations people who inhabit the St. John River valley and its tributaries, extending to the St. Lawrence in Quebec, their territory included the entire watershed of the St. John River on both sides of the International Boundary between New Brunswick and Quebec in Canada, Maine in the United States. Wəlastəkwiyik is the name for the people of the St. John River, Wəlastəkwey is their language.
Maliseet is the name by which the Mi'kmaq described the Wəlastəkwiyik to early Europeans since the Wəlastəkwey language seemed to the Mi'kmaq to be a slower version of the Mi'kmaw language. The Wəlastəkwiyik so named themselves because their territory and existence centered on the St. John River which they called the Wəlastəkw, it meant "good river" for its gentle waves. Wəlastəkwiyik therefore means People of the Good River, in their own language. Before contact with the Europeans, the traditional culture of both the Maliseet and Passamaquoddy involved travelling downriver in the spring to fish and plant crops of corn, squash, to hold annual gatherings, they travelled to the saltwater for the summer, where they harvested seafoods and berries. In the early autumn they prepare for the winter. After the harvest, they dispersed in small family groups to their hunting grounds at the headwaters of the various tributaries to hunt and trap during the winter; the Passamaquoddy are a First Nations people who live in northeastern North America, in Maine and New Brunswick.
Like the Maliseet, the Passamaquoddy maintained a migratory existence, but in the woods and mountains of the coastal regions along the Bay of Fundy and Gulf of Maine and along the St. Croix River and its tributaries, they hunted inland in the winter. The name Passamaquoddy is an anglicization of the Passamaquoddy word Peskotomuhkatiyik, the name they applied to themselves. Peskotomuhkat means "pollock-spearer", reflecting the importance of this fish. Like the Maliseet, their method of fishing was spear-fishing rather than angling; the Passamaquoddy were moved off land by European settlers since the 16th century and were confined in the United States to two reservations, one at Indian Township near Princeton and the other at Sipayik, between Perry and Eastport in eastern Washington County, Maine. The Passamaquoddy live in Charlotte County, New Brunswick, have acquired legal status in Canada as a First Nation, they are pursuing the return of lands in the county, including Qonasqamkuk, their name for St. Andrews, New Brunswick, the ancestral capital of the Passamaquoddy.
The Mi'kmaq are a First Nations people, indigenous to Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, the Gaspe peninsula in Quebec and the eastern half of New Brunswick in the Maritime Provinces. Míkmaw is the adjective form of Míkmaq. In 1616 Father Biard believed the Mi'kmaw population to be in excess of 3,000. However, he remarked that, because of European diseases, including smallpox, there had been large population losses in the previous century. During the colonial wars the Mi'kmaq were allies with the four Abenaki nations, forming the Wabanaki Confederacy, pronounced. At the time of contact with the French they were expanding from their Maritime base westward along the Gaspé Peninsula /St. Lawrence River at the expense of Iroquioian peoples, hence the Mi'kmaq name for this peninsula, Gespedeg, they were amenable to limited French settlement in their midst, but as France lost control of Acadia in the 18th century, they soon found themselves overwhelmed by British who seized much of the land without payment and deported the French.
On the Mi'kmaq settled Newfoundland as the unrelated Beothuk tribe became extinct. It is accepted by Norse scholars that Vikings explored the coasts of Atlantic Canada, including New Brunswick, during their stay in Vinland where their base was at L'Anse aux Meadows, around the year 1000. Wild walnut shells found at l'Anse aux Meadows suggest that the Vikings did indeed explore further along the Atlantic Coast. Butternut trees do not now grow in Newfoundland, but recent studies suggest that due to environmental changes butternuts may have grown in Newfoundland around the year 1000-1001 AD; the first reco
The Kennebecasis River is a tributary of the Saint John River in southern New Brunswick, Canada. The name Kennebecasis is thought to be derived from the Mi'kmaq "Kenepekachiachk", meaning "little long bay place." It runs for 95 kilometres, draining an area in the Caledonia Highlands, an extension of the Appalachian Mountains, inland from the Bay of Fundy. The river's source is near the rural community of Goshen, it runs southwest through the community of Penobsquis. Between Sussex and the river's junction with the Saint John River at Millidgeville, the Kennebecasis River runs through a well-defined river valley which has become one of the primary land transportation routes in the southern part of the province, hosting the Route 1 expressway and the Canadian National Railway line to the Port of Saint John; the upper two thirds of the Kennebecasis River passes through pastoral rural countryside consisting of Acadian mixed forest and various agricultural areas, notably dairy farms around Sussex.
Southwest of Sussex, the river becomes larger as it passes the communities of Norton and Hampton, before it empties into a delta-like area informally called the Hampton Marsh. West of Hampton, the Kennebecasis flows in a broad fjord-like glacial valley which defines the southern side of the Kingston Peninsula. At its junction with the Saint John River, the Kennebecasis River helps to form Grand Bay. Several large islands can be found in the river, such as Kennebecasis Island just off-shore from Summerville on the Kingston Peninsula, uninhabited Long Island, located near Rothesay; the communities of Nauwigewauk and Rothesay become urban as the river approaches its junction with the Saint John River. The lower Kennebecasis River valley is a suburban/exurban region for Saint John; the area is outside the summer'fog belt' for the Bay of Fundy and enjoys more sunshine year-round than Saint John. It is substantially colder in winter than the Bay of Fundy-climate-controlled city proper. "The Valley" or "KV", as the lower Kennebecasis River valley is called by locals, has experienced dramatic population growth over the past several decades owing to the development of Route 1 through the area in the 1960s.
Once a minor dormitory suburb of the Saint John area, the towns of Rothesay and Quispamsis constitute a moderately-sized population centre with some commercial development. Saint John, by contrast, has suffered from an erosion of its tax and commercial bases as population and businesses have migrated away from the urban core; the Kennebecasis isolates the Kingston Peninsula from suburban sprawl. It is crossed by two ferry services, the Gondola Point Ferry that connects Gondola Point to Reeds Point, the Summerville to Millidgeville Ferry that connects Millidgeville to Summerville. A third ferry service, the Kennebecasis Island Ferry connects Summerville to Kennebecasis Island. Several controversial proposals have been made in recent decades to build a highway bridge over the Kennebecasis River to the Kingston Peninsula however this has been rejected by numerous provincial governments citing financial pressures as well as the likelihood of suburban sprawl occurring in this farming area as a result.
The Kennebecasis River valley communities have rich histories. They became more prominent during the late 1800s following construction of the European and North American Railway through the area, which allowed for easier travel between Saint John and Moncton. Over the ensuing decades, the lower Kennebecasis River valley became a summer vacation destination for wealthy Maritimers and central Canadians, it is a popular cruising destination for recreational boating as a result of its connection with the navigable portions of the Saint John River. List of bodies of water of New Brunswick Kennebecasis Watershed Restoration Committee45°19′0″N 66°8′0″W