Norwalk Hospital is a not-for-profit, acute care community teaching hospital in the Hospital Hill section of Norwalk, Connecticut. The hospital serves a population of 250,000 in Connecticut; the hospital has more than 500 physicians on its active medical staff, 2,000 health professionals and support personnel. The hospital is a part of the Western Connecticut Health Network, which includes two other hospitals - Danbury Hospital and New Milford Hospital - in Western Connecticut; the hospital was awarded the HealthGrades Distinguished Hospital Award for Clinical Excellence in 2010, 2011 and 2012. HealthGrades, an independent health care ratings organization, analyzed three years of Medicare data and determined that Norwalk Hospital ranked in the top five percent of all hospitals nationally for clinical excellence; this top tier of hospitals was found by HealthGrades to have statistically lower patient mortality and inhospital complications than other hospitals. Norwalk Hospital offers specialty centers and surgical weight loss, sleep disorders, wound care and hyperbaric medicine.
Norwalk Hospital manages and operates the 911 ambulance service for Norwalk and provides paramedic services for the towns of Wilton, Weston and New Canaan. Norwalk Hospital is a major landowner in the Spring Hill neighborhood. Aside from the land on which the hospital buildings are located, the hospital owns more than a dozen parcels totaling six acres on Truman and Maple Streets, Magnolia Avenue and Rhodonolia; the parcels contain houses and medical facilities. Some of Norwalk Hospital's medical education programs are affiliated with the Yale School of Medicine; the Department of Medicine-based Internal Medicine Residency is recognized as high quality with graduates going on to practice and pursue fellowships at leading health care institutions. Many of the hospital’s physicians engage in research designed to provide patients with new treatments. Norwalk Hospital provides a variety of clinical programs and health education classes to local groups and organizations; the hospital has a accredited, three-year residency program in internal medicine and diagnostic radiology, one-year physician assistant residency programs in surgery and education opportunities in anesthesiology.
The Department of Medicine sponsors subspecialty fellowship training programs in Gastroenterology, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine. The Section of Pulmonary Medicine sponsors a School of Respiratory Care in conjunction with the Norwalk Community College. Norwalk Hospital provides a wide range of clinical programs, anchored by six signature services: Cancer Cardiovascular Digestive diseases Emergency care with Level II trauma accreditation Orthopedics and neurospine Women's and children'sThe hospital offers these specialized services: Inpatient and outpatient psychiatric services Inpatient and outpatient addiction rehabilitation Hospital-based emergency medical services, considered one of the best in the state Inpatient and ambulatory surgery Sleep disorder laboratory Acute inpatient rehabilitation unit Hyperbaric medicine center In April 2007, Norwalk Hospital announced that its principal location on Maple Street would be renovated and four new medical facilities would be created, three in Norwalk and one in the Georgetown, Connecticut community that covers parts of Redding, Ridgefield and Wilton, Connecticut.
The Georgetown facility would have 30,000- to 50,000 square feet of space. In May 2008 the Health and Wellness Center of Norwalk Hospital opened in the i.park Norwalk office park spanning the Norwalk-Wilton border on Route 7. Three medical practices staff the 100,000-square-foot space, which offers medical and wellness services and the offices of primary care physicians, obstetricians/gynecologists and other specialists. In Norwalk, at the corner of Maple Street and West Avenue, the hospital planned a 50,000-square-foot Musculoskeletal Institute to open in 2008; the hospital opened another 50,000-square-foot location for medical and office space on West Avenue. The hospital became the first in the state to offer "CarePages"—Web pages that patients themselves create to communicate with friends and family while they are in the hospital; the service was announced by the hospital in April 2006, with a pilot program in the Childbirth Center for families with babies in the newborn intensive care unit.
"Patients or family members can update the Web page without repeated phone calls to share their news," according to a hospital news release. "All registered guests are automatically e-mailed when an update is posted, allowing the patient or family member to spend less time on the phone." Laptops or other computers are available for patients to use, photo galleries can be created. List of hospitals in Connecticut Stamford Hospital St. Vincent's Medical Center Bridgeport Hospital Greenwich Hospital Danbury Hospital Norwalk Hospital Web page Connecticut Department of Public Health Hospital Performance Comparisons a report released in February 2006 by the state Department of Health
Norwalk is a suburban city in Los Angeles County, United States. The population is estimated to be 107,096 as of 2014, it is the 58th most densely-populated city in California. Founded in the late 19th century, Norwalk was incorporated as a city in 1957, it is located 17 miles southeast of downtown Los Angeles and is part of the Greater Los Angeles area. Norwalk is a member of the Gateway Cities Council of Governments. Norwalk's sister cities are Morelia, Michoacán, Hermosillo, Sonora, in Mexico; the area known as "Norwalk" was first home to the Shoshonean Native American tribe. They survived on honey, an array of berries, sage, squirrels and birds, their huts were part of the Sejat Indian village. In the late 1760s, settlers and missions flourished under Spanish rule with the famous El Camino Real trail traversing the area. Manuel Nieto, a Spanish soldier, received a Spanish land grant in 1784. After the Mexican–American War in 1848, the Rancho and mining days ended. Portions of the land were subdivided and made available for sale when California was admitted into the union of the United States.
Word of this land development reached the Sproul Brothers in Oregon. They recalled the fertile land and huge sycamore trees they saw during an earlier visit to the Southern California area. In 1869, Atwood Sproul, on behalf of his brother, purchased 463 acres of land at $11 an acre in an area known as Corazón de los Valles, or "Heart of the Valleys". By 1873, railroads were being built in the area and the Sprouls deeded 23 acres stipulating a "passenger stop" clause in the deed. Three days after the Anaheim Branch Railroad crossed the "North-walk" for the first time, Gilbert Sproul surveyed a town site. In 1874, the name was recorded as Norwalk. While a majority of the Norwalk countryside remained undeveloped during the 1880s, the Norwalk Station allowed potential residents the opportunity to visit the "country" from across the nation. What are known as the "first families" to Norwalk settled in the area in the years before 1900. D. D. Johnston pioneered the first school system in Norwalk in 1880.
Johnston was responsible for the first real industry in town, a cheese factory, by furnishing Tom Lumbard with the money in 1882. Norwalk's prosperity was evident in the 1890s with the construction of a number of fine homes that were located in the middle of orchards and dairies. Headstones for these families can be found at Little Lake Cemetery, founded in 1843 on the border between Norwalk and Santa Fe Springs at Lakeland Road. At the turn of the 19th century, Norwalk had become established as a dairy center. Of the 50 local families reported in the 1900 census, most were associated with farming or with the dairy industry. Norwalk was the home of some of the largest sugar beet farms in all of Southern California during this era. Many of the dairy farmers who settled in Norwalk during the early part of the 20th century were Dutch. After the 1950s, the Hispanic population in Norwalk grew as the area became residential. In February 1958, two military aircraft, a Douglas C-118A military transport and a U.
S. Navy P2V-5F Neptune patrol bomber, collided over Norwalk at night. 47 servicemen were killed as well as a civilian 23-year-old woman on the ground, hit by falling debris. A plaque commemorating the disaster erected by American Legion in 1961 marks the spot of the accident, today a mini-mall at the corner of Firestone Boulevard and Pioneer Boulevard. Built in 1891 by the D. D. Johnston family, the Hargitt House was built in the architectural style of Victorian Eastlake; the Hargitt House Museum, located at 12426 Mapledale, was donated to the people of Norwalk by Charles and Ida Hargitt. The museum is open to the public for free on the first and third Saturday of the month from 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. Norwalk is located at 33°54′25″N 118°5′0″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.243 km2. 9.707 square miles of it is land and 0.039 square miles of it is water. Norwalk is bordered by Downey to the northwest, Bellflower to the southwest and Artesia to the south, Santa Fe Springs to the north and east.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Norwalk had a population of 105,549. The population density was 10,829.6 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Norwalk was 52,089 White, 4,593 African American, 1,213 Native American, 12,700 Asian, 431 Pacific Islander, 29,954 from other races, 4,569 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 74,041 persons The Census reported that 103,934 people lived in households, 315 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 1,300 were institutionalized. There were 27,130 households, out of which 13,678 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 15,190 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,045 had a female householder with no husband present, 2,348 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,712 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 178 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,417 households were made up of individuals and 1,631 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.83.
There were 22,583 families.
Norwalk is a U. S. city located in southwestern Connecticut, in southern Fairfield County, on the northern shore of Long Island Sound. Norwalk lies within both the New York metropolitan area as well as the Bridgeport metropolitan area. Norwalk was settled in 1649, is the sixth most populous city in Connecticut. According to the 2010 United States Census it has had a population of 85,603. Norwalk was settled in 1649, incorporated September 1651, named after the Algonquin word noyank, meaning "point of land", or more from the native American name "Naramauke."The Battle of Norwalk took place during the Revolutionary War, lead to the burning of most of the town. In 1836, the borough of Norwalk was created. In 1853, the first train disaster in the United States happened over the Norwalk River. During the 19th and early 20th century, Norwalk was a major railroad stop for the New York, New Haven, Hartford Railroad; the city of South Norwalk and the remaining parts of the town of Norwalk were both combined in 1910 to form the current city.
The Ku Klux Klan had a brief presence in Norwalk during the 1920s, but fell apart due to internal issues. In 1955, multiple hurricanes hit thje city. During the 1970s, efforts were taken to preserve South Norwalk, resulting in the creation of the Washington Street Historic District. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.3 square miles, of which, 22.8 square miles of it is land and 13.5 square miles of it is water. Norwalk's topography is dominated by its coastline along Long Island Sound, the Norwalk River and its eastern and western banks, the Norwalk Islands; the highest elevation is 282 feet above sea level, at the summit of Middle Clapboard Hill in West Norwalk. As of the census of 2010, there were 85,603 people, 35,415 households, 21,630 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,358.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 35,415 housing units at an average density of 975.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 68.7% White, 14.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.0% from other races, 2.8% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.3% of the population. There were 35,415 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size in the city was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.16. The population's spread gives 22% under the age of 18, with 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, 12.8% aged 65 years or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females, there are 96.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $76,161, the median income for a family was $103,032; the per capita income for the city was $43,303. About 5.7% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
Pepperidge Farm, Frontier Communications, Booking Holdings have headquarters in Norwalk. St. George Greek Orthodox Festival, held in late August, the festival features Greek delicacies, Pontic Greek dance exhibitions and a large carnival. Round Hill Highland Games: a festival of Scottish culture and athletic events, was started in 1923 in Greenwich, CT but interrupted during World War II restarted in 1952, has been held in Norwalk's Cranbury Park on or around July 4 for a number of years. In 2006, the 83rd annual event attracted 4,000 people to hear bagpipes and watch the caber toss, the hammer throw, other events. Games for children are offered. Food and Scottish items are offered for sale. Organizers say. Beth Israel Synagogue AKA Canaan Institutional Baptist Church Saint Jerome Church Saint Joseph Church Saint Ladislaus Church Saint Mary Church Saint Matthew Church St. Philip Church Saint Thomas the Apostle ChurchTemple Shalom Temple Beth- El The City of Norwalk has six taxing districts; the First, Second and Sixth taxing districts are political entities with their respective voters electing officers, holding annual business meetings, approving budgets and to consider other matters, as specified in each of their charters.
Election of Taxing District Commissioners and Treasurers by voters from the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 6th districts take place in odd numbered years. The Fourth and Fifth districts are not counted as separate governments as they constitute the city proper; each taxing district has its own property tax rate reflecting the mix of services each receives from the city. Secondly, municipal elections of Mayor, Common Council, Board of Education and other positions are held in odd numbered years at thirteen polling places within five voting districts around the city. Voting districts are not the same for state and federal elections which are held on numbered years at twelve polling locations Norwalk's municipal government is a Weak-mayor form of a Mayor-Council government with the mayor of Norwalk elected by its voters; the city's charter gives certain administrative powers to the Council and others jointly to the Council and Mayor. The Common Counc
The Norwalk River is a river in southwestern Connecticut 21 miles long. The word "Norwalk" comes from the Algonquian word "noyank" meaning "point of land"; the Norwalk River originates in ponds located in Connecticut. These ponds empty into Ridgefield’s 500-acre "Great Swamp"; the river continues through Ridgefield, is augmented by the "Great Pond", one of the purest lakes in Connecticut due to its being fed by underwater springs. The river is paralleled by U. S. Route 7 as it flows southward through Branchville, Georgetown and Norwalk, where it is joined by the Silvermine River and flows into Norwalk Harbor and into Long Island Sound. Recreational fishing continues to be a popular sport along the course of the river, in addition to oystering at the river’s mouth in Norwalk. A 20-year-old man drowned in the river on May 24, 2009 while trying to save a boy who slipped into a strong current near Broad Street in northern Norwalk, near the Route 7 Connector; the boy had been playing in knee-deep water.
Jose Higareda, a Mexican immigrant living in Norwalk, jumped in the water with the boy's father, but Higareda was himself dragged downstream toward Deering Pond. The boy survived. Over the weekend of October 14–17, 1955, 12 to 14 inches of tropical storm rain caused the Norwalk River, along with many other Connecticut rivers, to flood; the flood of 1955 caused the most severe damage of any flood in the history of Norwalk. From the heavy rains some dams along the Norwalk River broke, sending walls of water surging downstream, knocking out bridges and additional dams. Many of the Norwalk River’s neighboring towns and communities suffered widespread devastation. Several lives were lost in addition to millions of dollars worth of damage along the Norwalk River watershed alone. List of rivers of Connecticut *The Norwalk River Watershed Association Norwalk Harbor Webcam Webcam viewing the Norwalk River's harbor
The Norwalk Islands are a chain of more than 25 islands amid submerged boulders and mudflats along a six-mile stretch and about a mile off the coast of Norwalk and southwest Westport, Connecticut, in Long Island Sound. The islands are used for several different types of recreational activities, including camping, kayaking, bird watching. Ownership of the islands varies, with about a half dozen held in private hands, some owned by the governments of Norwalk or Westport and some are part of the Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge. Various laws protect the islands, including town ordinances, the Coastal Barrier Resources Act, the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966, the Endangered Species Act. On a clear day, Manhattan's skyscrapers are visible. Geologists consider the islands to be terminal moraines —material left by glaciers—deposited about 17,500 years ago as the ice cap paused in its retreat northward. Above water, the moraines are characterized by various rocks, sand and clay, sometimes sorted out by waves.
The Captain islands in Greenwich to the west are part of the same moraine, submerged parts of the same moraine are located between the Norwalk Islands and Charles Island, off Milford, to the east. Some historians have speculated that rocks from the islands were used as ballast for sailing ships returning to New York, where the rocks may have been used for cobblestones. No fresh water is provided at any of the islands; the islands are popular with some paddling all the way from New York City. Tidal currents are gentle, the mainland is always visible and the electric power plant on Manressa Island helps with navigation. Public boat launches and beaches are nearby, some businesses in Norwalk rent kayaks; the South Western Regional Planning Agency published a brochure for kayakers describing a "Norwalk Islands Canoe and Kayak Trail" showing full-day and half-day loops. Guided tours are available by kayak. Striped bass, fluke, false albacore, bonito and dogfish can be caught off the islands; some clamming beds off the islands are seeded.
In duck-hunting season, hunters may hunt below the mean high-tide line. Deer can be hunted on the owned islands with the owner's permission. Rookeries were on many of the islands, but now most are on Cockenoe. Herons, black cormorants can be seen on Cockenoe. Deer swim to the islands. Harbor seals are seen at the southwest end of Sheffield Island, although authorities have asked boaters to remain at least 50 yards from them in order not to disturb them; the Marine Mammal Protection Act prohibits harassing the animals and sets limits on how close observers may get. Flora include thorn thickets, wild blackberries, black cherry, sassafras and honeysuckle. Many birds are found on Sheffield Island and more than elsewhere, according to a brochure published in 2001 by the South Western Regional Planning Agency, but according to a July 2007 article in Darien, New Canaan & Rowayton magazine, Cockenoe island is now the largest home for birds, who have been in decline on the other islands. Sheffield Island, according to the planning agency brochure, has a "considerable nesting potential" for osprey and other migratory species.
Many wading birds, shore birds and terns live on the island, including the roseate tern. Brant, black duck and other waterfowl can be found in the waters surrounding the island. At 59 acres Chimon is the largest of the islands and is located in the middle of the group and a bit less than a mile to the southeast of the entrance to Norwalk Harbor; the island is part of the Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge; the north and west coasts of the island are gravelly, boulders are strewn along the south and east coasts. Although boaters may land at the three-acre beach at the northwest shore during the day, year round, access to the rest of the island is restricted from April 1 to August 15 each year. No overnight camping is allowed. Chimon Island is at 41.065°N 73.39°W / 41.065. Owned by the Westport town government, the island has all the bird rookeries in the chain. Herons, black cormorants can be seen on Cockenoe; the cormorants' guano, which leaves some of the rocks white, is toxic to the trees and kills them off after the birds nest in a spot for less than a year.
Overnight camping is allowed by the town Conservation Department, but for only four parties per night. Cockenoe Island is at 41.085°N 73.355°W / 41.085. It is named after Cockenoe. An early rumor about the island was. In the 19th century, the island was a working farm with a farmhouse and livestock; the business turned into a whisky distillery, which the federal government raided in 1870. In the 1960s, The United Illuminating Company planned to build a nuclear power plant on Cockenoe. Due to concerned local residents and the threat of eminent domain, Westport bought the island for $200,000 in 1967. Once called "Ram Island", the 45 acres isle was renamed after Daniel Shea, a Congressional Medal of Honor recipient from Norwalk who died in the Vietnam War. Owned by Norwalk city government, the island is just northeast of Sheffield Island and about 4,000 yards south of Manressa Island. Along with Grassy Island, Shea is open to the public from May throug
Norwalk Harbor is a recreational and commercial harbor and seaport at the estuary of the Norwalk River where it flows into Long Island Sound in Norwalk, United States. The last portion of the Norwalk River from the head of navigation near Wall Street in Central Norwalk to the Long Island Sound forms Norwalk Harbor, it is a federal navigation channel of small commercial harbor" variety. In and around the harbor there are 15 marinas, 13 private clubs with boating facilities, 5 commercial port facilities. There are more than 500 harbor mooring locations. About 800 boats may be launched from storage racks at marinas and clubs as well as via the city maintained launching ramp in Veterans Park. More than 2700 commercial vessel trips to and from the harbor occur each year; the main harbor channel is small enough to restrict the size of vessels that could attempt to use it. In 2001 waterborne commerce in the harbor totaled 512,000 short tons. Typical freight included fuel oil, gravel and shellfish. From the sound the main approach to the harbor lies to the southwest of Rowayton and Sheffield Island.
The wider and deeper southwest approach is known as "Sheffield Harbor", whereas the narrower and shallower eastern approach is known as "Cockenoe Harbor. There is a 4.7-mile -long channel extending from the outer harbor to the head of the harbor in Norwalk. The channel is 12 feet deep and 200 feet wide from the outer harbor to Gregory Point in East Norwalk, where it narrows to 150 feet wide up to the wharves at South Norwalk; the channel widens to 250 feet along the wharves to the Washington Street Bridge. Upstream of the Washington street bridge the inner harbor lies along 1.5 miles of the river. The channel of the inner harbor is 10 feet deep and between 100–200 feet wide until it terminates at the head of the harbor at the Wall Street bridge in central Norwalk. There is an anchorage area 10 feet deep and 17 acres in area on the east side of the channel in the vicinity of Fitch Point in East Norwalk. There is a 0.6-mile -long, six-foot-deep channel, 125–150 feet wide, extending northeast from the 10-foot anchorage opposite Fitch Point to the head of the harbor at East Norwalk.
Another six-foot-deep anchorage area lies adjacent to the head of the harbor at East Norwalk. From the head of navigation at Wall Street traveling out to the outer harbor there are: Wall Street Bridge is an arch bridge in Central Norwalk Yankee Doodle Bridge is a girder bridge that carries the Connecticut Turnpike Norwalk River Railroad Bridge four track swing bridge of Amtrak and the Metro-North Railroad Washington Street, Stroffolino memorial, is a bascule bridge that carries Route 136There are no bridges across the outer harbor or the approach channels. In 1614 Dutch navigator Adriaen Block explored the Connecticut coast aboard the Onrust and mapped the Norwalk Islands which lie at the outer boundary of the harbor, he referred to the group of islands as the "Archipelago". As an aid to navigation at the harbor channel entrance the Sheffield Island Light was operational by 1826. In 1872 the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers started its first work on harbor improvements in Norwalk. On January 21, 1897, the United States Congress agreed to spend $73,100.00 on aids to navigation in Norwalk Harbor including lights and fog signals.
As a result of the expenditure Greens Ledge Light was operational by 1902 and Pecks Ledge Light was operational by 1906. The Sheffield Island light was discontinued as a federally maintained aid to navigation when the Greens Ledge Light was activated; the Ischoda Yacht Club was founded in 1886 along the western shore of Norwalk Harbor in South Norwalk and is among America's oldest Yacht Clubs. The Norwalk Yacht Club was formed in August 1894 in Wilson's Cove; the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers dredged the harbor in 1950. In October 1955 a great flood washed down the Norwalk River and destroyed many of the buildings adjacent to the riverbanks. Today's Freese Park along Main Avenue was a built up commercial block before October 1955; the flood left a wake of destruction in the harbor. The Connecticut Turnpike was built over the river in 1956-1958; the salt marsh just south of the Yankee Doodle bridge on the river's west bank was turned into a garbage dump, but has since been closed and turned into "Oyster Shell Park".
The Norwalk Harbor Commission was established in 1984 by the Norwalk City Council. The commission is responsible for maintaining a Harbor Management plan that includes maintaining the safe navigation in the harbor, policies for the harbor master, the promotion of the harbor, the maintenance of the Visitors dock at Veterans Park; the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers finished harbor re-dredging projects in 1980 and again in 2006. There will be a new dredging project for the inner and river portions of the harbor. In the spring of 2007 the Marine Unit of the Norwalk Police department launched a new 38-foot police boat the Riva. On July 10, 2007 the Norwalk Fire Department commissioned its first fireboat the Harry Bower named to honor a fire fighter who died in 2005. In the fall of 2007 the harbor was visited by the Seafair a 228-foot motor yacht; the visit of the Seafair was accompanied by private viewings of objects in the vessel's art galleries. A utility project in the fall of 2007 replaced an electric power transmission line that runs from Connecticut to Long Island.
Norwalk is a city in and the county seat of Huron County, United States. The population was 17,012 at the 2010 census; the city is the center of the Norwalk Micropolitan Statistical Area and part of the Cleveland-Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area. Norwalk is located 10 miles south of Lake Erie, 51 miles west/southwest of Cleveland, 59 miles southeast of Toledo, 87 miles north/northeast of Columbus. Norwalk is at the center of a subregion of the Connecticut Western Reserve; the subregion's name recalls the founding of the area as one for settlers from cities in Connecticut that were destroyed by fire during the Revolutionary War. Several locations in the Firelands were named in honor of those cities, including Danbury, Groton, New Haven, New London, Norwalk and Ridgefield. Other locations were named for the settlers, including Clarksfield and Sherman. On July 11, 1779, Connecticut, was burned by the British Tories under Governor Tryon. A committee of the General Assembly estimated the losses to the inhabitants at $116,238.66.
The federal government gave an area in the Western Reserve of Ohio as compensation for those established losses. On May 30, 1800, the United States ceded the land titles to the "fire sufferers" and the representatives of the Reserve transferred the political jurisdiction to the general government; the Indian title was extinguished by treaty on July 4, 1805, on payment of $18,916.67. On November 9, 1808, a group of prominent citizens from Ridgefield, New Haven and Fairfield met at the courthouse in New Haven, Connecticut, as the Board of Directors of the Proprietors of the 500,000 acres of land lying south of Lake Erie, called the "Sufferers Land", they passed a resolution naming many of the townships in this area known as the "Firelands of Ohio". Between 1806 and 1810, many families made the trip to look over land they had purchased in the "Firelands". During the War of 1812, because of the fear of British and Indian raids, settlement of the Huron County area came to a standstill. However, in 1815, Platt Benedict of Danbury, Connecticut and examined the present site of Norwalk.
He purchased 1,300 acres of land with an eye toward establishing a town. In July 1817, Benedict returned to Norwalk with his family and built a house; this was the first permanent residence established within the limits of Norwalk Village. In May 1818, the county seat was removed from Avery, Ohio, to Norwalk, by 1819 a census showed a population of 109 residents. Platt Benedict, the founder of Norwalk and its first mayor, died in 1866 at the age of 91, he is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery. Among the earliest settlers of Norwalk were other men of education, they brought with them not only the customs, but the architecture of New England. Many of their homes are still standing today. In 1881, Norwalk's population reached the required minimum entitling her to incorporate as a city and the City of Norwalk dates from April 12, 1881. Norwalk is located at 41°14′35″N 82°36′41″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.15 square miles, of which 8.87 square miles is land and 0.28 square miles is water.
The city of Norwalk is bound by Norwalk Township in each direction and a small portion of the west side is bound by Ridgefield Township. The city is located 12 miles south of Lake Erie; as of the census of 2010, there were 17,012 people, 6,764 households, 4,385 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,917.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,446 housing units at an average density of 839.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 3.2% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.2% of the population. There were 6,764 households of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.2% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age in the city was 37 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female. At the 2000 census, there were 16,238 people, 6,377 households and 4,234 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,950.3 per square mile. There were 6,687 housing units at an average density of 803.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.53% White, 1.95% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.86% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.82% of the population. There were 6,377 households of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06. Age distribution was 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28