Gwangjang Market Dongdaemun Market, is a traditional street market in Jongno-gu, South Korea. The market is one of the oldest and largest traditional markets in South Korea, with more than 5000 shops and 20,000 employees in an area of 42,000 square metres. 65,000 people visit the market each day. The Gabo Reforms, which were introduced during the Joseon dynasty, eliminated the merchant monopolies that existed in Joseon at the time by allowing anyone to engage in commercial activities; the licensed merchants and shop owners in Seoul lost much of their business to competition as a result of these reforms, so King Gojong created a warehouse market called Changnaejang, which developed into Namdaemun Market. After the signing of the Eulsa Treaty in 1905, when Korea was under Japanese rule, the Japanese took control of Namdaemun Market. In reaction to the seizure of Namdaemun Market, a group of private Korean investors, including wealthy merchants, decided to create a new market, not under the control of the Japanese.
They combined funds to create the Gwangjang Corporation on 5 July 1905, purchased the land for the market with 100,000 Won. They used the pre-existing Bae O Gae Market, a morning market in the area, as the foundation for their new market, which they named Dongdaemun Market. At the time, most markets were temporary and open only so Dongdaemun Market became the first permanent market to be open every day of the week; the market was renamed Gwangjang Market in 1960. Gwangjang Market was the name of a single, 3,000-pyeong shopping center in the center of Dongdaemun Market, built between 1957 and 1959; the name comes from the two bridges it was built between: Jangkyo. In the early years the market only sold agricultural and seafood products, but as it became one of the largest markets in Korea, it began to sell many other products. Today the market has 1500–2000 vendors selling fruit, meat, bread, textiles, kitchenware and Korean traditional medicinal items. There are many restaurants and food stalls selling traditional Korean cuisine, but the market is most famous for its bindaetteok, or mung bean pancakes, mayak gimbap.
The market is accessible from Jongno Euljiro 4-ga metro station. A 2014 episode of Running Man was filmed in the market; the cast stopped at various food stalls and had to choose the correct card after finishing their food to continue the race. Shopping in Seoul List of markets in South Korea List of South Korean tourist attractions Official website for Gwangjang Market Official English tourism website for Gwangjang Market
Korea is a region in East Asia. Since 1948, it has been divided between two distinct sovereign states: South Korea. Korea consists of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, several minor islands near the peninsula. Korea is bordered by China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast, neighbours Japan to the east by the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan. During the first half of the 1st millennium, Korea was divided between the three competing states of Baekje and Silla, together known as the "Three Kingdoms of Korea". In the second half of the 1st millennium and Goguryeo were conquered by Silla, leading to the "Unified Silla" period. Meanwhile, Balhae formed in the north following the collapse of Goguryeo. Unified Silla collapsed into three separate states due to civil war, ushering in the Later Three Kingdoms. Toward the end of the 1st millennium Goryeo, a revival of Goguryeo, defeated the two other states and unified the Korean Peninsula as one single state. Around the same time, Balhae collapsed and its last crown prince fled south to Goryeo.
Goryeo, whose name developed into the modern exonym "Korea", was a cultured state that created the world's first metal movable type in 1234. However, multiple invasions by the Mongol Empire during the 13th century weakened the nation, which agreed to become a vassal state after decades of fighting. Following military resistance under King Gongmin which ended Mongol political influence in Goryeo, severe political strife followed, Goryeo fell to a coup led by General Yi Seong-gye, who established Joseon in 1392; the first 200 years of Joseon were marked by relative peace. During this period, the Korean alphabet was created by Sejong the Great in the 15th century and there was increasing influence of Confucianism. During the part of the dynasty, Korea's isolationist policy earned it the Western nickname of the "Hermit Kingdom". By the late 19th century, the country became the object of imperial design by the Empire of Japan. After the First Sino-Japanese War, despite the Korean Empire's effort to modernize, it was annexed by Japan in 1910 and ruled by Imperial Japan until the end of World War II in August 1945.
In 1945, the Soviet Union and the United States agreed on the surrender of Japanese forces in Korea in the aftermath of World War II, leaving Korea partitioned along the 38th parallel. The North was under Soviet occupation and the South under U. S. occupation. These circumstances soon became the basis for the division of Korea by the two superpowers, exacerbated by their inability to agree on the terms of Korean independence; the Communist-inspired government in the North received backing from the Soviet Union in opposition to the pro-Western government in the South, leading to Korea's division into two political entities: North Korea, South Korea. Tensions between the two resulted in the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950. With involvement by foreign troops, the war ended in a stalemate in 1953, but without a formalized peace treaty; this status contributes to the high tensions. Both governments of the two Koreas claim to be the sole legitimate government of the region. "Korea" is the modern spelling of "Corea", a name attested in English as early as 1614.
Korea was transliterated as Cauli in The Travels of Marco Polo, of the Chinese 高麗. This was the Hanja for the Korean kingdom of Goryeo, which ruled most of the Korean peninsula during Marco Polo's time. Korea's introduction to the West resulted from trade and contact with merchants from Arabic lands, with some records dating back as far as the 9th century. Goryeo's name was a continuation of Goguryeo the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, known as Goryeo beginning in the 5th century; the original name was a combination of the adjective go with the name of a local Yemaek tribe, whose original name is thought to have been either *Guru or *Gauri. With expanding British and American trade following the opening of Korea in the late 19th century, the spelling "Korea" appeared and grew in popularity; the name Korea is now used in English contexts by both North and South Korea. In South Korea, Korea as a whole is referred to as Hanguk; the name references Samhan, referring to the Three Kingdoms of Korea, not the ancient confederacies in the southern Korean Peninsula.
Although written in Hanja as 韓, 幹, or 刊, this Han has no relation to the Chinese place names or peoples who used those characters but was a phonetic transcription of a native Korean word that seems to have had the meaning "big" or "great" in reference to leaders. It has been tentatively linked with the title khan used by the nomads of Central Asia. In North Korea, China and Japan, Korea as a whole is referred to as. "Great Joseon" was the name of the kingdom ruled by the Joseon dynasty from 1393 until their declaration of the short-lived Great Korean Empire in 1897. King Taejo had named them for the earlier Kojoseon, who ruled northern Korea from its legendary prehistory until their conquest in 108 BC by China's Han Empire; this go is the Hanja 古 and
Jung District, Seoul
Jung District is one of the 25 districts of Seoul, South Korea. Jung has a population of 131,452 and has a geographic area 9.96 km2, making it both the least-populous and the smallest district of Seoul, is divided into 16 dong. Jung is located at the centre of Seoul on the northern side of the Han River, bordering the city districts of Jongno to the north, Seodaemun to the northwest, Mapo to the west, Yongsan to the south, Seongdong to the southeast, Dongdaemun to the northeast. Jung is the historical city center of Seoul with a variety of old and new, including modern facilities such as high rise office buildings, department stores and shopping malls clustered together, a center of tradition where historic sites such as Deoksugung and Namdaemun can be found. Jung is home to cultural sites such as the landmark N Seoul Tower on Namsan Mountain, the Myeongdong Cathedral, the Bank of Korea Museum, the Gwangtonggwan, the oldest continuously-operating bank building in Korea and one of city's protected monuments since March 5, 2001.
The Myeongdong neighborhood is one of the most famous shopping areas and popular tourist destinations in South Korea. Jung District is one of the most significant business cores of Seoul. Notable companies based in Jung District include Hanhwa, Hanjin, Doosan Corporation, SK Telecom, LG U+, Daewoo International, Daehan Logistics, Ssangyong Cement, Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering, Lotte Shopping and many more. Many banking and other financial companies have headquarters in Jung District, such as KB Financial Group, Woori Financial Group, Shinhan Financial Group, Hana Financial Group, Korea Life Insurance, Samsung Life Insurance, Industrial Bank of Korea, Korean Exchange Bank, Samsung Card. Major newspapers such as The Chosun Ilbo and JoongAng Ilbo, The Dong-a Ilbo are based in Jung District; the headquarters of South Korean food company CJ Cheil Jedang is in the CJ Cheiljedang Building in Ssangnim-dong, near the Dongdaemun History & Culture Park Station. Air France operates a ticketing office on the 11th floor of the Korean Air Building in Jung District.
Air China has an office on the 1st and 2nd floors of the Hansuang Building in Seosomun-dong in Jung District. All Nippon Airways operates the Seoul Office in Room 1501 on the 15th floor of the Center Building in Sogong-dong, Jung District. Hainan Airlines operates its South Korea office in Suite 1501 of the Samyoung Building in Sogong-dong. MIAT Mongolian Airlines has its Seoul Branch Office in the Soonhwa Building in Sunhwa-dong. In the 1980s Korean Air had its headquarters in Jung District. Color: Green Tree: Pine tree Flower: Rose Bird: Korean magpie Jung District is the center of Seoul; because this it was a fitting place for many scholars who stayed in Seoul to discuss and pursue crucial academic or political subjects during the Joseon Dynasty. Han Myeong Hoe: scholar and tactician in the early Joseon Dynasty Park Ji won: famous scholar during the mid-Joseon Dynasty. Namgung Uk: activist for the Korean independence movement The National Human Rights Commission of Korea has its headquarters in the Gumsegi Building in Jung District.
The Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal had its headquarters in the S1 Building in Sunhwa-dong, Jung District. The offices of the KMST are now in Sejong City. International schools include: Russian Embassy School in Seoul Seoul Chinese Primary School in Myeong-dong Deoksugung Namdaemun Bank of Korea Museum Global Village Folk Museum Grand Ambassador Seoul hotel Gwangtonggwan Koreana Hotel National Theater of Korea Seoul Museum of Art Myeongdong Cathedral N Seoul Tower Namsan mountain Chungmu Arts Hall Lotte Hotel Seoul Tour Financial Hub Center Hunchun, People's Republic of China Xicheng District, People's Republic of China "중구". Doosan Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2008-04-22. Jung District, Seoul travel guide from Wikivoyage Jung-gu Official site in English Jung-gu Official site in Korean
Suam Market is a traditional street market in Nam-gu, South Korea. Established in the early 1970s, today the market has more than 120 shops that sell fruits, meat, breads and Korean traditional medicinal items; the market is home to many small restaurants and street food stalls. The market is only about 100 meters from a large Homeplus supermarket, therefore the market's prices must be competitive in order to keep steady business. List of markets in South Korea List of South Korean tourist attractions Official website for Suam Market
Ulsan the Ulsan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's seventh-largest metropolitan city and the eight-largest overall with a population of over 1.1 million inhabitants. It is located in the south-east of the country, neighboring Busan to the south and facing Gyeongju to the north. Ulsan is the industrial powerhouse of South Korea, forming the heart of the Ulsan Industrial District, it has the world's largest automobile assembly plant operated by the Hyundai Motor Company. In 2017, Ulsan had a GDP per capita of the highest of any region in South Korea. Ulsan is divided into four gu and one gun: Buk District Dong District Jung District Nam District Ulju County As the centre of the Ulsan Industrial District, the city is the corporate base of the multinational Hyundai conglomerate. Up to 1962, Ulsan operated as a fishing market centre; as part of South Korea's first five-year economic plan, Ulsan became an open port. Additionally, the government encouraged development of major industrial plants and factories: an oil refinery, fertiliser plants, automobile production, heavy industries all were developed here.
The shipbuilding port Bangeojin was annexed by the city in 1962. The city has the world's largest shipyard, operated by Hyundai Heavy Industries. Ulsan is the home of the world's largest automobile assembly plant of 300,000 annual capacity 5 assembly plants, proving ground and in-house peers, operated by Hyundai Motors started 50,000 capacity in 1968 now 30 times expansion of massive motor top complex in the world with own export piers with logistics competitiveness, its integrated design of related functions was inspired by the Ford River Rouge Complex in Dearborn, Michigan. In November 2011, SB LiMotive opened an advanced lithium-ion battery production plant in Ulsan. SB LiMotive was a 50-50 consortium of Samsung SDI and Robert Bosch GmbH. In September 2012, Samsung SDI purchased the Robert Bosch GmbH portion of SB LiMotive for $95 million to gain 100% ownership of the Ulsan production facility; the Ulsan plant is one of Samsung SDI's trio of advanced car-battery production facilities. The city transport department plans to build a light-rail line.
The public transportation system is as good as any other major Korean city. The bus system shows a specific ETA at most bus stops. Ulsan Airport, constructed in 1970 and expanded in 1997, has more than 20 flights per day to and from Seoul's Gimpo International Airport and 4 flights per week to and from Jeju International Airport. In November 2010, Korea's high-speed train network, the KTX, was extended to Ulsan; this provides a high-speed link with a running time of just over 2 hours. The new KTX station is in nearby Eonyang, with a series of express buses, as well as some city buses serving the new station; the original city station has been renamed Taehwa River Station. The city hosts the K League 1 football club Ulsan Hyundai FC. After the 2002 FIFA World Cup, they relocated from their former stadium in Jung-gu, now a municipal ground, to the Munsu Stadium, which hosted several matches during the 2002 World Cup. Ulsan was home to another football team, Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dolphin FC, which played in the Korea National League until 2016, when it was dissolved.
It is home to the University of Ulsan and its sports programs. Ulsan hosts Korean Basketball League team Ulsan Hyundai Mobis Phoebus, their home ground is Dongchun Gymnasium. Ulsan is bounded on the east by the Sea of Japan. Busan is 70 km to the south. Ulsan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, with cold but dry winters, hot, humid summers. Monthly means range from 2.0 °C in January to 25.9 °C in August, with diurnal temperature ranges low. Its location on the Korean peninsula results in a seasonal lag; the warmest days occur in August and averaging near 30 °C. Precipitation is low in the winter months, but there is high rainfall from April to September. Yeongnam Alps There are seven tall mountains over 1,000m above sea level. Sinbulsan Ridge, where grasses turn silver in autumn, is one of the best sights to see in the Yeongnam Alps. Eoksae festival is held every early October in Ganwoljae, best known for its colony of silver grass. Oegosan Onggi village Korea's largest traditional folk Onggi village is Oegosan.
The traditional Onggi manufacturing process is carried on here and is open to tourists, including Onggi workshops and kilns. The Ulsan Onggi museum offers a variety of information related to Onggi and displays a diversity of this earthware. Jangsaengpo Whale museum & Whale Ecological Experience Hall As the only whale museum in Korea, Jangsaengpo whale museum collects and displays whaling-related artifacts, they have become more rare since 1986, when whaling was internationally prohibited in order to protect the species. The museum provides a variety of information related to marine ecosystems. Whale cruises depart from Jangsaengpo port. Grand Parks Ulsan Grand Park: This is claimed as the best ecology park in a downtown area in Korea, boasting a vast area of 3,640,000
Seoul Metropolitan Government
The Seoul Metropolitan Government is a local government of Seoul, South Korea. The mayor is elected to a four-year term by the Seoul citizens and is responsible for the administration of the city government. Seoul Metropolitan Government deals with administrative affairs as the capital city of South Korea, so it is more centralized than that of most other cities with the city government being responsible for correctional institutions, public education, public safety, recreational facilities, water supply, welfare services. In the city government, there are 5 offices, 32 bureaus, 107 divisions; the headquarters is located in the Seoul City Hall building, in Taepyeongno, Jung-gu, Seoul. The Government started on September 28, 1946 as the Seoul City Government which became Seoul Metropolitan Government on August 15, 1949; the Seoul Metropolitan Government has one mayor and three vice mayors, two of them take charge of administrative affairs and the other for political affairs. Seoul is subdivided into 25 autonomous gu and 522 administrative dong.
The Seoul Institute is the think tank for the city, established in 1992 by the Seoul Metropolitan Government. It was known as The Seoul Development Institute; the SI supports the policy-making processes of the municipal administration by conducting intensive research and cooperating with domestic and foreign research institutes. The SI seeks to collaborate and communicate with the citizens of Seoul "to secure the validity of its various policy researches". In 2011, when Government 2.0 was still a new concept to many, the fifth elected mayor of the City of Seoul, Mr. Wonsoon Park, introduced many policies to promote democracy based on civil participation after his inauguration; as one of his key agenda, he suggested the Governance 2.0, based on the concepts of ‘Communication and Participation,’ as he established the foundation for promoting citizen participation in the governance of the city and sought to provide all administrative information of the city through the Information Communication Plaza.
The City of Seoul discloses all of its administrative information except for that information designated as classified in accordance with the law. Through this policy, the city upholds the rights to information of the citizens, enhances transparency in the administration, promotes accountability. Through the Information Communication Plaza of the city, the metropolitan government gathers up and returns various administrative information to its citizens. In order to implement our Nude Project the City of Seoul established the document disclosure system and the Information Communication Plaza in an innovative manner to disclose the administrative information automatically, while allowing the citizens to access the administrative information more through smartphones and other devices; as a result, the administrative information of the city is being provided more and substantively. The Information Communication Plaza provides various internal approval request documents of different fields created by the City of Seoul.
In addition to the main office of the City Hall and Business Entities of the city, the users may access the information from the 25 autonomous districts and other organizations funded by the city, allowing access to detailed information the citizens require. The ‘Council Information’ section provides the information on the meetings organized by the City of Seoul from the schedule of the meetings to the minutes; the ‘Policies of Seoul’ section provides the information on the key projects of the city administration and large projects which involve investments more than 10 billion won. This is helpful for anyone who wishes to access the status information on the various construction projects executed by the city. Politics of South Korea Seoul City Hall The Seoul Institute Seoul Information Communication Plaza
Busan Cooperative Fish Market
The Busan Cooperative Fish Market, or BCFM, is the largest fish market in South Korea. It adjoins the South Harbor in Busan. More than 30% of the country's fish production passes through the market. In recent years, a large percentage of the catch has been made up of yellowtail, due to warming waters in the Sea of Japan; the market occupies an area of 166,420 m2. The market first opened on November 1, 1963, at the present-day site of the Busan International Ferry Terminal, it moved to its present location in 1973. Economy of South Korea List of markets in South Korea List of Korea-related topics Fishing industry http://www.bcfm.co.kr/ Official site