Tommy Keene was an American singer-songwriter, best known for releasing critically acclaimed rock & roll/power pop songs in the 1980s. He has a longtime cult following among fans of the musical genre of power pop. Evanston, Illinois-born Keene was raised in Maryland, he graduated in 1976 from Walter Johnson High School in Bethesda, the alma mater of fellow musician Nils Lofgren, who went on to play and record with Neil Young and Bruce Springsteen. Keene played drums in one version of Lofgren's early bands. Keene attended the University of Maryland, College Park. Keene first received critical acclaim with his pioneering pop band The Razz, who released several local independent singles, his 1984 EP Places That Are Gone became one of the year's top selling independent releases. The EP garnered a four-star review in Rolling Stone, was voted the No. 1 EP in the following year's Village Voice Pazz & Jop Poll. Keene recorded and released numerous albums on such labels as Dolphin and Matador Records, he worked with producers T-Bone Burnett, Don Dixon, R. Walt Vincent.
He continued to record and tour and released an album with Robert Pollard, of Guided by Voices, as'The Keene Brothers.' Keene played guitar on the Goo Goo Dolls' hit song, "Broadway", on their 1998 album, Dizzy Up The Girl. In 2011, Keene released his ninth original studio album, Behind The Parade, with Second Motion Records; this was the fourth release working with Second Motion's founder Stephen Judge. Judge had released Keene's 2010 two disc retrospective Tommy Keene: You Hear Me and his previous release, Crashing The Ether. Keene's 2006 release Eleven Thirty Records was released while Judge was A&R Director and General Manager at Redeye Distribution. Keene died in his sleep on November 2017 at the age of 59 of cardiac arrest. Strange Alliance Songs from the Film U. S. No. 148 Based on Happy Times Driving into the Sun Ten Years After Isolation Party The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down Crashing the Ether In the Late Bright Behind the Parade Excitement at Your Feet Laugh in the Dark The Real Underground Showtunes Drowning—A Tommy Keene Miscellany Tommy Keene You Hear Me: A Retrospective - 1983-2009 Places That Are Gone Back Again Run Now Sleeping on a Roller Coaster Official website Tommy Keene at AllMusic Tommy Keene discography at Discogs "It's Peachy for Keene: Musician's Musician Tommy Keene Releases a New CD of Irresistible Pop. and as a Bonus, He Comes Out" by Reighley, Kurt B.
- The Advocate, May 9, 2006 | Online Research Library: Questia
1994 in music
This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1994. 1994 in British music 1994 in Norwegian music 1994 in country music 1994 in heavy metal music 1994 in hip hop music 1994 in Latin music 1994 in jazz January 19 – Bryan Adams becomes the first major Western music star to perform in Vietnam since the end of the Vietnam War. January 25 – Alice in Chains release their Jar of Flies album which makes its US chart début at No. 1 on the Billboard 200, becoming the first EP to do so. January 29 – The Supremes' Mary Wilson is injured when her Jeep hits a freeway median and flips over just outside Los Angeles, USA. Wilson's 14-year-old son is killed in the accident. February 1 – Green Day release their breakthrough album Dookie, ushering in the mid-1990s punk revival. Dookie achieves diamond certification. February 7 – Blind Melon's lead singer Shannon Hoon is forced to leave the American Music Awards ceremony because of his loud and disruptive behavior. Hoon is charged with battery, resisting arrest, destroying a police station phone.
February 11 – The three surviving members of The Beatles secretly reunite to begin recording additional music for a few of John Lennon's old unfinished demos, presented to Paul McCartney by Yoko Ono, with Jeff Lynne producing. The track, "Free As A Bird", is released as a single in late 1995 as part of the exhaustive Beatles Anthology project, reaching #2 in the UK and #6 in the United States. February 14 – The Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia marries Deborah Koons. February 23 – Eddie Van Halen, Chris Isaak, B. B. King attend the ground breaking ceremony for the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino takes place in Paradise, Nevada, USA. February 26 – The Sanremo Music Festival ends with victory for Aleandro Baldi in the "Big Artists" category, for the song "Passerà" March 1 Selena becomes the first Tejano music singer to win a Grammy Award. Nirvana play their final concert, in Munich. Frank Sinatra receives the Grammy Legend Award. Sinatra's acceptance speech is cut short. Other artists criticize the producer's decision during the show, Billy Joel takes extra time to perform his song, The River of Dreams, noting that he is wasting valuable air time.
March 3 – In Rome, Nirvana's Kurt Cobain lapses into a coma after overdosing on Rohypnol and champagne. March 5 – Grace Slick is arrested for pointing a shotgun at police in her Tiburon, home. March 7 – The United States Supreme Court decision Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. rules that parody can qualify as fair use. The case was spurred by 2 Live Crew releasing a parody of the Roy Orbison hit "Oh, Pretty Woman" without a license from the publishing firm Acuff-Rose Music. March 8 – Nine Inch Nails release their second studio album The Downward Spiral, it would go on to sell over 3 million copies and be credited with helping bring industrial rock music into the mainstream. March 13 – Selena releases her final Spanish album Amor Prohibido, its production had been delayed because of the launch of Selena's fashion clothing line and boutiques, her "Selena Live!" tour in support of Live!. March 18 Courtney Love calls the police, fearing that her husband, Nirvana's Kurt Cobain, is suicidal. Police confiscate twenty-five boxes of ammo from Cobain's home.
Bassist Darryl Jones replaces Bill Wyman in The Rolling Stones, March 30 – Pink Floyd embark on what would be their last world tour before their breakup. The record-breaking tour supports their Division Bell album, with the band playing to 5,500,000 people in 68 cities and grossing over £150,000,000. March 31 – Madonna on Late Show with David Letterman: Madonna appears on the Late Show with David Letterman, making headlines with her foul-mouthed, profanity-laced interview. Robin Williams describes the segment as a "battle of wits with an unarmed woman." April 8 – The body of Kurt Cobain, lead singer of Nirvana, is found. Cobain's death, three days before, is declared to be suicide from a self-inflicted gunshot. April 11 – The Offspring release Smash, which goes on to become the best selling independent album of all time and one of the most influential albums of the 90s. April 25 Blur releases Parklife, its first album reaching #1 in UK, where it was certified "quadruple platinum". Adam Horovitz of the Beastie Boys is sentenced to 200 hours of community service for attacking a television cameraman during funeral services for actor River Phoenix in November 1993.
April 26 – Grace Slick pleads guilty to having pointed a shotgun at police officers on March 5. April 27 – The legendary Fillmore club reopens in San Francisco with a concert headlined by The Smashing Pumpkins. April 30 The 39th Eurovision Song Contest takes place in Dublin, which becomes the first-ever country to win three consecutive contests, its winners are Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan with "Rock'N' Roll Kids", written by Brendan Graham. The interval features the first-ever public performance of Riverdance, featuring Michael Flatley and Jean Butler, which developed into the world-famous stage show. May 2 – A Los Angeles jury finds Michael Bolton, along with co-writer Andy Goldmark and Sony Music Entertainment, guilty of copyright infringement over the song "Love Is a Wonderful Thing"; the song is ruled to be too similar to a song of the same name by The Isley Brothers. May 3 – The Rolling Stones arrive by yacht to a press conference in New York City to announce the Voodoo Lounge Tour kicking off in the summer.
May 6 Pearl Jam files a complaint against Ticketmaster with the U. S. Justice Department charging that the company has a monopoly on the concert ticket business. To help promote his new album, Alice Cooper releases a three-part comic book that followed the album The Last Temptation. May 9–13 – 1994 International Rostrum of Composers May 10 Tupac Shakur begins serving a 15-day s
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Fort Collins, Colorado
Fort Collins is the Home Rule Municipality, the county seat and the most populous municipality of Larimer County, United States. Situated on the Cache La Poudre River along the Colorado Front Range, Fort Collins is located 56 mi north of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. With a 2016 estimated population of 161,000, it is the fourth most populous city in Colorado after Denver, Colorado Springs, Aurora. Fort Collins is a midsize college city, home to Colorado State University. Fort Collins was founded as a military outpost of the United States Army in 1864, it succeeded a previous encampment, known as Camp Collins, on the Cache La Poudre River, near what is known today as Laporte. Camp Collins was erected during the Indian wars of the mid-1860s to protect the Overland mail route, relocated through the region. Travelers crossing the county on the Overland Trail would camp there, but a flood destroyed the camp in June 1864. Afterward, the commander of the fort wrote to the commandant of Fort Laramie in southeast Wyoming, Colonel William O. Collins, suggesting that a site several miles farther down the river would make a good location for the fort.
The post was manned by two companies of the 11th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry and never had walls. Settlers began arriving in the vicinity of the fort nearly immediately; the fort was decommissioned in 1867. The original fort site is now adjacent to the present historic "Old Town" portion of the city; the first school and church opened in 1866, the town was platted in 1867. The civilian population of Fort Collins, led by local businessman Joseph Mason, led an effort to relocate the county seat to Fort Collins from LaPorte, they were successful in 1868; the city's first population boom came with the establishment of an agricultural colony. Hundreds of settlers arrived. Tension between new settlers and earlier inhabitants led to political divisions in the new town, incorporated in 1873. Although the Colorado Agricultural College was founded in 1870, the first classes were held in 1879; the 1880s saw the construction of a number of elegant homes and commercial buildings and the growth of a distinctive identity for Fort Collins.
Stone quarrying, sugar-beet farming, the slaughter of sheep were among the area's earliest industries. Beet tops, an industry supported by the college and its associated agricultural experiment station, proved to be an excellent and abundant food for local sheep, by the early 1900s the area was being referred to as the "Lamb feeding capital of the world". In 1901 the Great Western sugar processing plant was built in the neighboring city of Loveland. Although the city was affected by the Great Depression and simultaneous drought, it experienced slow and steady growth throughout the early part of the twentieth century. During the decade following World War II, the population doubled and an era of economic prosperity occurred. Old buildings were razed to make way for modern structures. Along with revitalization came many changes, including the closing of the Great Western sugar factory in 1955, a new city charter, adopting a council-manager form of government in 1954. Colorado State University's enrollment doubled during the 1960s, making it the city's primary economic force by the end of the century.
Fort Collins gained a reputation as a conservative city in the twentieth century, with a prohibition of alcoholic beverages, a contentious political issue in the town's early decades, being retained from the late 1890s until student activism helped bring it to an end in 1969. During that same period, civil rights activism and anti-war disturbances heightened tensions in the city, including the burning of several buildings on the CSU campus. During the late 20th century, Fort Collins expanded to the south, adding new development, including several regional malls. Management of city growth patterns became a political priority during the 1980s, as well as the revitalization of Fort Collins' Old Town with the creation of a Downtown Development Authority. In late July 1997, the city experienced a flash flood after and during a 31-hour period when 10–14 in of rain fell; the rainfall was the heaviest on record for an urban area of Colorado. Five people were killed and $5 million in damages were dealt to the city.
The waters flooded Colorado State University's library and brought about $140 million in damages to the institution. Fort Collins is situated at the base of the Rocky Mountain foothills of the northern Front Range 60 miles north of Denver, Colorado and 45 miles south of Cheyenne, Wyoming. Elevation is 4,982 ft above sea level. Geographic landmarks include Horsetooth Reservoir and Horsetooth Mountain—so named because of a tooth-shaped granite rock that dominates the city's western skyline. Longs Peak can clearly be seen on a clear day to the southwest of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 47.1 square miles, of which 46.5 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles, or 1.27%, is water. The Cache La Poudre River and Spring Creek run through Fort Collins. Located along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, Fort Collins experiences a semi-arid climate, with four distinct seasons and low annual precipitation. Summers range from mild to hot, with low humidity and afternoon thunderstorms that threaten but only deliver rain.
Winters range from mild to moderately cold. The city experiences lots of sunshine, with 300 days of sunshine per year and 19 days with 90° + weather; the average temperature in July, the warmest month, is 71 °F. The average temperature in January, the c
Doug Powell (musician, apologist)
Doug Powell is an American musician, Christian apologist, graphic designer, programmer. Powell's music career began after giving songwriter Jules Shear a tape of demos in 1989; this led to a demo produced by Shear. Elektra nurtured Powell with equipment and vocal coaching, but passed on making a record. Powell signed with RCA Records and recorded Ballad of the Tin Men. Powell co-produced with engineer Pete Coleman and played all the instruments except drums and one guitar solo. After sitting on the shelf for a year, the record was bought by Mercury Records. Mercury arranged for Powell to be the opening act for much of Todd Rundgren's Individualist tour. Just months after Ballad of the Tin Men was released in April 1996, Mercury dropped Powell; the demos for what was to be the second Mercury record were released under the name Curiouser by Not Lame Recordings in 1999. Powell had been in talks with Rundgren to produce the record. Notable guests include Tom Petersson from Cheap Trick. In 2000, Powell delivered a new set of songs to Not Lame called More.
Powell played all instruments and handled the production and graphic design. During this time Powell was invited by Jerry Dale McFadden (keyboardist for The Mavericks and Sixpence None the Richer to sing backup vocals on a jam session recorded with some other Nashville friends; the group centered on McFadden and Robert Reynolds. After releasing a 45rpm single on Diesel Only Records, the band began to play some gigs around Nashville. At that point Powell, McFadden, Ken Coomer, Tom Petersson started playing under the name Swag. Over the next few years Swag recorded whenever everyone was in town. Petersson had moved from Nashville and played a lesser role. Brad Jones and Warren Pash took on the main bass duties in live, respectively. Jones produced the full-length album Catch-all, released by Yep Roc in 2001. Legal issues caused the first pressing to be recalled and re-released with Todd Rundgren replacing the few parts recorded by Tom Petersson. Swag appeared on Late Night with Conan O'Brien on April 20, 2001.
Powell left Swag after suffering a vocal chord injury that required surgery and left him unable to tour. While recuperating in 2001, Japanese label Wizzard in Vinyl released an EP of songs called Venus Di Milo's Arms, featuring darker, more aggressive songs than his previous work. Powell released The Lost Chord; the CD was a dramatic departure from his previous Power Pop work: it was experimental, art rock that still placed a heavy emphasis on melody. The record was performed by Powell with the exception of drums on Baby Blue, which were played by Prairie Prince. Powell continued the stylistic break in 2004 with Day for another one-man-band performance. In late 2004 Powell was contacted by guitarist for The Cars. Easton had heard Powell's recording of Candy-O and was impressed enough to ask Powell to be the singer of The New Cars, a reformation of The Cars without Ric Ocasek and Benjamin Orr. Powell began working on demos for the project and completed six demos. However, as the plans for the band evolved The Cars decided to bring in a higher profile singer, settled on Todd Rundgren.
Powell released the six demos as well as other leftover songs on Four Seasons, released on the Paisley Pop label. The set included "God Bless Us All," a song written for Ringo Starr's 1999 Christmas album but went unused. After a hiatus, Powell returned in 2010 with The Apprentice's Sorcerer; the record is a concept album where each song gives a different aspect of the transcendental argument for God's existence while using the terminology of stage magic. The record was another stylistic departure, this time focusing on electronic sounds; the book Shake Some Action lists Curiouser and Catch-all as the 97th and 80th greatest Power Pop records made. In the late 1990s Powell became interested in Christian apologetics. By 2004, he had entered the Masters of apologetics program at Biola University. Powell graduated summa cum laude in 2007. By the end of 2004 he was approached by Broadman & Holman to write a book on apologetics for their QuickSource series; the Holman QuickSource Guide to Apologetics was published in 2006 and has been a bestseller for B&H.
In addition to writing the book, Powell did much of the layout. This was followed by invitations to contribute to the Apologetics Study Bible and the Apologetics Study Bible for Students. For his next project, Powell combined his apologetics training with his graphic design experience to create the iWitness series; the books and apps in the series are visually immersive and interactive. The books feature elements folded and glued onto the pages that the reader must open; the apps contain the same layouts and information but are programmed to zoom into and open each element. Books in the series include Jesus iWitness. Apps include Resurrection iWitness, Jesus iWitness, New Testament iWitness, iWitness Biblical Archaeology, iWitness World Religions. With the exception of Resurrection iWitness, the apps have been programmed by Doug Powell under the name Selfless Defense. Powell speaks at conferences and churches on a number of topics including how objective beauty shows God's existence, how Christians have been at the forefront of the arts and why th
The Posies are an American power pop group. The band was formed in 1987 in Bellingham, Washington by primary songwriters Jon Auer and Ken Stringfellow, they are best known for their radio hits "Golden Blunders", as well as "Dream All Day", "Solar Sister" and "Flavor of the Month". Core members Jon Auer and Ken Stringfellow began writing songs together in late 1986 while Ken was in school at the University of Washington. Auer recalled in an interview that "we first met at a Dan Reed Network show, their first public performance came as an acoustic duo that next summer while Ken was home in Bellingham. During the last part of 1987 and the first two months of 1988, Ken drove home on weekends to join Jon as they recorded twelve songs in Jon's family's home studio. Though intended as demos to attract other members and form a full band, the recordings turned out so well that they became the Posies' first self-released album, Failure. Interest in the Posies rose out of the numerous home-copied cassettes that began to spread around Seattle and Bellingham.
Mike Musburger and Arthur "Rick" Roberts joined soon after, allowing the band to play its first live shows in Seattle and Bellingham. The four members moved into a house in the University District of Seattle, where they developed many of the songs that would appear on albums. Failure was released on vinyl near the end of 1988 on local indie label PopLlama with one song dropped. Several major labels noticed the band early on and in late 1989 they signed to new Geffen Records imprint DGC Records, they chose John Leckie to produce their first album for the label and Dear 23 was released in August 1990. "Golden Blunders" reached No. 17 on the US Modern Rock charts. Ringo Starr covered. Upon returning from an extensive U. S. tour, the Posies thought. They headed to Robert Lang Studio in Shoreline, Washington, in late 1991 and recorded many of the songs they had been working on over the past two years. Among the recordings were three songs written by bassist Arthur Roberts. Jon and Ken decided that Roberts' songs didn't fit with the band and asked him to leave.
The entire recording session was scrapped and is referred to by fans as "the Lost Sessions". Roberts went on to front the bands Sushirobo; the remaining members spent the next few months developing new songs in early 1992 began recording their third album with Don Fleming. After completing what they thought was their new album with the title Eclipse, Geffen sent them back to the studio in the latter part of the year to record a few "hits". Dave Fox joined to play bass for the last of the "Hit Sessions" and the name changed to Frosting On The Beater and was released in April 1993. Leadoff track "Dream All Day" enjoyed some success on U. S. MTV and alternative radio, becoming their biggest hit, leading the band to an extensive tour of the U. S. Europe, Japan. Due in part to rumors of a break-up Dave left the band in 1994 to join the Seattle band Flop. During a European tour, a fight between Ken and Mike prompted Mike to leave the band. Mike joined long-running Seattle punk band The Fastbacks, was a member of both Love Battery and Supersuckers.
In late 1994, Brian Young took over on drums and Joe Howard played bass. Joe had earlier filled in on bass for a few shows after Roberts left in 1992, it wasn't long. Using the working title What Color Is A Red Light?, the bulk of Amazing Disgrace was finished in the first few months of 1995. Once again, the label wanted more hit material so they sent the band back to the studio near the end of the year where they recorded "Ontario". Amazing Disgrace was released in May 1996. Faced with a changing radio climate and fans who longed for the smoother sounds of Frosting On The Beater, the Posies found less success with Amazing Disgrace in the U. S. than with their previous album. The album fared better in Europe though, led to it selling better worldwide than any of their previous efforts. After spending most of 1996 and the early part of 1997 on tour in the U. S. and Europe, making an appearance in association with their former record company Popllama to perform "Voyage of The Aquanauts" in the Ocean Exploration episode of Bill Nye the Science Guy, the band returned home and shifted focus to other projects outside the Posies.
Ken played a new batch of solo songs around the U. S. and released his self-recorded first solo album, This Sounds Like Goodbye. Jon joined Seattle band Lucky Me as lead guitarist, Brian began drumming with Fountains of Wayne, while Joe began work on an album under the name Skyward. All of this solo work caused many to wonder; the Posies performed with Burt Bacharach on a recording of his song "What the World Needs Now Is Love,", featured in the 1997 movie, Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery. In late 1997, they came back together to play a small number of live shows, many accompanied by rumors of being the "final show". Instead, the band returned to the studio with the intent of writing their last chapter by rerecording a dozen unused older songs. Success was released in February 1998, again on the local PopLlama label. A tour followed, including a return to Europe, it was on this tour. Upon returning, they played their real "final" shows in September, one in Seattle at the yearly Bumbershoot Festival and ano
Jellyfish was an American rock band formed in San Francisco in 1989. Their original line-up consisted of songwriters Andy Sturmer and Roger Joseph Manning, Jr. guitarist Jason Falkner, bassist Chris Manning. Sturmer and Manning Jr. were its only consistent members. The band's music is characterized by its blending of XTC-style power pop, they released only two LPs, Bellybutton and Spilt Milk, before breaking up in 1994. They have since been recognized for their influence on artists of a similar approach. In the late 1980s, high school friends Andy Sturmer and Roger Manning were in the group Beatnik Beatch. Sturmer was the group's drummer and songwriter, while Manning was the groups's keyboardist; the duo soon began collaborating with one another, writing compositions that were stylistically different from the songs the band was producing at the time. Soon after the group released its eponymous debut album in 1989, Manning and Sturmer left the group to continue songwriting with one another. Jason Falkner was the lead guitarist for the Three O'Clock, a Los Angeles-based Paisley Underground band.
He put a newspaper advertisement looking for "like-minded musicians" influenced by XTC, David Bowie, the Blue Nile. Manning responded to Falkner's ad and the two met to collaborate. Nothing came out of the meeting. However, once Manning and Sturmer had left Beatnik Beatch, Manning got back in touch with Falkner to see if he was interested. Falkner was persuaded by the prospect of a major-label deal. Jellyfish recorded their debut album Bellybutton at Schnee Studios in Hollywood with producer Albhy Galuten and engineer Jack Joseph Puig, it was released on July 1990 on Charisma Records. Bellybutton peaked at number 124 on the Billboard 200 and was well received by contemporary music critics; the band embarked on a year long tour with Roger Manning's younger brother Chris joining as the band's bassist. While on tour, the band opened up for the bands the Black World Party. During the tour, tensions arose amongst the band members. Frustrated by having his songwriting contributions ignored by Manning and Sturmer, Falkner left the group after the tour.
Afterward and Sturmer worked with Ringo Starr for his 1992 solo album Time Takes Time. They were invited to work with Brian Wilson of the Beach Boys. Wilson and Jellyfish only had one songwriting session, unproductive. After their sessions with Starr and Wilson, the band was dedicated to making their next album "their masterpiece". Manning and Sturmer spent about eight hours a day, six days a week writing songs together in Los Angeles between October 1991 and March 1992. Galuten and Puig returned to produce the album with Manning and Sturmer, recorded the new album over the course of several months. Released on February 9, 1993, Spilt Milk peaked at number 164 in the US, its poor sales were attributed to being released during the height of the popularity of grunge. In 1994, Jellyfish contributed a cover of Harry Nilsson's "Think About Your Troubles" to the tribute album For the Love of Harry: Everybody Sings Nilsson. Jellyfish's contribution was a personal request from Nilsson, a fan of the group.
He died a year prior to the album's release. The cover was the last song Manning recorded together. By the duo had drifted apart musically. Manning remembered that when Sturmer presented a country ballad song for the third Jellyfish album, "I left in tears because I had zero interest in recording it."After the band broke up, Manning formed the short-lived group Imperial Drag, released a few solo records, became a touring musician for Beck. Sturmer retreated from the public eye and guarded his privacy, but continued working as a songwriter for cartoons such as Hi Hi Puffy AmiYumi, Teen Titans, Ben 10, he worked with Mike Viola of LEO. In 2004, Falkner unexpectedly reconnected with Sturmer at a Los Angeles studio: "He said he'd had a premonition that he was going to see me that day, he told me he was sorry for never having given me a chance. I was floored. We exchanged phone numbers, but neither of us has used them."In 2009, Manning stated: "I've remained in contact with everyone throughout the years, we have all moved on musically."
In 2014, he said that he had not talked to Sturmer in two decades, ruled out the idea that he would write songs with him again. Andy Sturmer – vocals, keyboards, guitar Roger Manning – keyboards, guitar, vocals Jason Falkner – guitars, keyboard, vocals Chris Manning – bass, vocals Eric Dover – guitar, keyboard, vocals Tim Smith – bass, vocals Studio albums Bellybutton Spilt Milk Live albums Live At Bogart's Radio Jellyfish EPs Jellyfish Comes Alive The Scary-Go-Round EP featuring Now She Knows He's Wrong New Mistake EP Compilations The Greatest Fan Club Best! Stack-a-Tracks Appearances Nintendo: White Knuckle Scorin' For the Love of Harry: Everybody Sings Nilsson Dorfman, Craig. Brighter Day A Jellyfish Story. Not Lame. ISBN 0979771463. Zax, Andy. "God's Gift To Oxygen: A Brief History Of Jellyfish". Rogerjosephmanningjr.com. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved December 9, 2009; the Jell