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Notes on Muscovite Affairs

Notes on Muscovite Affairs was a Latin book by Baron Sigismund von Herberstein on the geography and customs of Muscovy. The book was the main early source of knowledge about Russia in Western Europe. Herberstein was an Austrian diplomat, twice sent to Russia as Austrian ambassador, in 1517 and 1526. Born in Vipava, Carniola, he was familiar with Slovene, a Slavic language, which became important on his mission in Russia, when he was able to communicate with ordinary Russians in Slovene, another Slavic language; these visits occurred at a time when little was known about Russia outside the region. The few published descriptions of Russia were in some cases wildly inaccurate. Muscovy in the 16th century was the Russian state which separated itself from the Kievan Rus' after it fell apart, it evolved into the Russian Empire under Peter the Great starting at the end of the 17th century. Russia was the region, Muscovy was the state. Muscovy was ruled by the Muscovite monarchy, starting with Ivan III, who expanded Muscovy, ending with Ivan IV, who claimed the title "Tsar of Russia".

In this article and Muscovy are treated as similar entities. In land area there is not Russia west of the Ural Mountains. Herberstein wrote about Muscovy because, what it was known as in the West then. We know the area as Russia, so, how it is referred to here. Herberstein developed a keen interest in all things Russian, researched in several ways: using his knowledge of Slavic, he questioned a variety of people on a wide range of topics. Careful review of existing publications on Russia, comparing, he viewed most publications skeptically, because he knew that most of the authors had not been able to visit Russia. Corroboration, he was careful to make sure not to accept anything, not well corroborated. As he wrote, he "did not rely upon this or that man's account, but trusted only to the unvarying statements of many." Investigation of Russian written publications, which provided him with information on Russian culture unavailable at the time in Europe. As a result, Herberstein was able to produce the first detailed eyewitness ethnography of Russia, encyclopedic in its scope, providing an accurate view of trade, customs, history a theory of Russian political culture.

The book contributed to a European view held for several centuries of Russia as a despotic absolute monarchy. This view was not new. Herberstein influenced the development of this view in two ways: he accentuated the absolute power of the monarchy more than previous works had done. Writing about the Russian Tsar, Herberstein wrote that "in the power he holds over his people the ruler of Muscovy surpasses all the monarchs of the world." He presented a view of Russian political culture quite opposite to. Where others claimed Russians were fanatically loyal to their ruler and treated in return with great fairness, Herberstein saw and wrote differently, his investigations made it clear that Muscovy, contrary to the view of fanatical loyalty, had suffered a violent political struggle and that Muscovy had emerged only recently as the dominant power in the region. What's more, the man who achieved the unification of Muscovy, Ivan III was characterized by Herberstein as a cruel tyrant, a misogynist, his description of Ivan's unification campaign was a series of banishments and forced relocations of whole populations to break the power of regional rulers.

This culminated in, as Herberstein wrote, Ivan's "plan of ejecting all princes and others from the garrisons and fortified places" all the independent princes of Russia, "being either moved by the grandeur of his achievements or stricken with fear, became subject to him." All much at odds with previous perceived reality, but much closer to understood Russian history. The touted ideal of the fairness of the Muscovy monarchy was contrasted with Herberstein's depiction of peasants as being in "a wretched condition, for their goods are exposed to plunder from the nobility and soldiery". One final thing for which Herberstein and his book was noted, though not understood, was his contribution to a spelling confusion which did not emerge until the end of the 19th century and still causes disagreement: he recorded the spelling of "tsar" as czar; this may cause confusion nowadays because the digraph <cz> is today only used in the Polish language and is there pronounced as. However, early modern German and furthermore pre-20th century Hungarian or the'mazurizing' dialects of Polish used <cz> for.

Contrary to what the <cz> might suggest, all Slavonic languages pronounce the title "tsar" with, always written with a simple <c>, in Latin-writing Slavic languages as well as in the transliterations of Cyrillic-writing ones. English and French moved from the <cz> spelling to the <ts> spelling in the 19th century. Marshall Poe, who has written extensively on Herberstein and Russian history uses the English title Notes on the Muscovites when translating the Latin title. A more precise English translation of the Latin title would be Notes on Muscovite Affairs, as used for this article. There are one partial and two complete English translations of this work, the most recent one, by J. B. C. Grundy, ba

Larceny in Her Heart

Larceny in Her Heart is a 1946 American crime film directed by Sam Newfield and written by Raymond L. Schrock; the film stars Hugh Beaumont, Cheryl Walker, Ralph Dunn, Paul Bryar, Charles C. Wilson, Douglas Fowley and Gordon Richards; the film was released on July 1946, by Producers Releasing Corporation. Hugh Beaumont as Michael Shayne Cheryl Walker as Phyllis Hamilton Ralph Dunn as Sgt. Pete Rafferty Paul Bryar as Tim Rourke Charles C. Wilson as Chief Gentry Douglas Fowley as Doc Patterson Gordon Richards as Burton Stallings Charles Quigley as Arch Dubler Julia McMillan as Lucille Marie Hannon as Helen Stallings / Barbara Brett Lee Bennett as Whit Marlowe Henry Hall as Dr. Porter Larceny in Her Heart on IMDb

104th New York State Legislature

The 104th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 4 to July 23, 1881, during the second year of Alonzo B. Cornell's governorship, in Albany. Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; the senatorial districts were made up except New York County and Kings County. The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county. At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party; the Republicans were split into two factions: the Half-Breeds. The Greenback Party nominated a ticket; the New York state election, 1880 was held on November 2. The only statewide elective office up for election was carried by a Republican; the approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals, was: Republican 563,000. The Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 4, 1881.

George H. Sharpe was re-elected Speaker, with 80 votes against 45 for Erastus Brooks. On January 18, the Legislature elected Thomas C. Platt to succeed Francis Kernan as U. S. Senator from New York, for a term beginning on March 4, 1881. On March 24, President James A. Garfield nominated President pro tempore of the State Senate William H. Robertson for the office of Collector of the Port of New York; the two U. S. Senators from New York, Roscoe Conkling and Platt opposed the nomination, causing deadlock in the Senate, evenly divided with 37 Republicans, 37 Democrats and two Independents; the office of Collector of the Port of New York was the most profitable federal office in the United States, Conkling insisted in having a Stalwart appointed, but Garfield did not budge. On May 16, Conkling and Platt resigned in protest, leaving the Republicans in the minority in the U. S. Senate. Conkling believed that they would be re-elected by the New York State Legislature and would thus show Garfield that they were in a balance of power position.

On May 18, Robertson was confirmed by the U. S. Senate as Collector. On May 31, the Legislature began the special elections to fill the two vacant seats in the U. S. Senate. On July 16, Congressman Warner Miller was elected on the 48th ballot to succeed Platt. On July 22, Congressman Elbridge G. Lapham was elected on the 56th ballot to succeed Conkling, thus ending 53 days of deadlock, the second longest in the history of the New York Legislature. After the election, Robertson resigned his seat in the State Senate, to accept the office of Collector, Dennis McCarthy was elected President pro tempore. Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York; the counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties. The asterisk denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Clerk: John W. Vrooman Sergeant-at-Arms: John W. Corning Doorkeeper: James G. Caw Stenographer: Hudson C. Tanner The asterisk denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.

Clerk: Edward M. Johnson Sergeant-at-Arms: Sidney M. Robinson Doorkeeper: Henry Wheeler First Assistant Doorkeeper: Michael Maher Second Assistant Doorkeeper: John W. Wheeler Stenographer: Worden E. Payne Civil List and Constitutional History of the Colony and State of New York compiled by Edgar Albert Werner THE NEW ASSEMBLY in NYT on November 4, 1880 GEN. SHARPE THE SPEAKER in NYT on January 4, 1881

Rockmart, Georgia

Rockmart is a city in Polk County, United States. The population was 4,199 according to a 2010 census. Rockmart developed as a railroad depot town; the community was incorporated in 1872, was named from abundant deposits of slate in the area. The Rockmart Downtown Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Rockmart is located at 34°00′14″N 85°02′57″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.4 square miles, of which 4.3 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. The majority of the city of Rockmart is located in Polk County. U. S. Route 278, as well as Georgia State Routes 101 and 113, are the major roads through the city. U. S. 278 runs from west to east as a northern bypass of the city, leading southeast 15 mi to Dallas and west 14 mi to Cedartown, the Polk County seat. GA-101 runs along the northern bypass of the city with U. S. 278, leading north 20 mi to southeast 8 mi to Yorkville. GA-113 follows U. S. 278/GA-101 along the northern bypass of the city, leading northeast 19 mi to Cartersville and southeast to Yorkville.

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,870 people, 1,541 households, 1,027 families residing in the city. The population density was 892.0 people per square mile. There were 1,681 housing units at an average density of 387.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 79.82% White, 18.48% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.39% from other races, 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.50% of the population. There were 1,541 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,171, the median income for a family was $36,906. Males had a median income of $31,714 versus $22,381 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,272. About 12.8% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over. Beginning in the mid-1990s, Rockmart experienced a period of economic expansion. Growth in the form of new restaurants and casual dining, as well as retail shopping, came about as residential building increased. A Walmart Supercenter store was opened in the city in 2007; the Drama Department at Rockmart High School is known for its involvement with the community and every spring the advanced acting class performs at a GHSA One-act play competition. When the new Rockmart High School was constructed, performance space was not included.

Instead, the Rockmart Thespians use the historic Rockmart Art Center Theatre for their productions. The department has produced many theatrical feats such as "Seussical," "Grease," and most "Hairspray." In October 2008, the Rockmart High School Thespians placed first at the Region AA One Act Competition with their performance of Godspell, as well as receiving the Best Actor award. The RHS Thespians took the show to the State AA One Act Competition and placed 3rd out of four schools. In 2013, Rockmart Thespians placed first in the State AAA One Act Competition with a riveting production of the thriller When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder?. Another important addition to the performing arts in Rockmart is the Rockmart High Marching Yellow Jacket band; the band won a best in show at the 2008 Golden River Marching Festival. In those competitions, both band and auxiliary sections were regarded as being among the best in Northwest Georgia. RHS host the annual Yellow Jacket Classic band competition every year, is well attended by bands all over the state.

The movie Irresistible produced by Jon Stewart was filmed in the Seaborn Jones Park, historic downtown Rockmart, Rockmart Middle School. Downtown Rockmart was the location of Wisconsin. Parks and recreation areas in Rockmart include the Nathan Dean Complex, the Silver Comet Trail & Riverwalk Park, as well as Rockmart City Parks. Rockmart operates under a council-manager form of government; the city is divided into each electing one member to the council. The city's mayor serves as chairman of the council, is its sixth member; the mayor and council, appoint the city manager. Other appointed positions include the city clerk, city attorney, city auditor, city court judge; the city of Rockmart is a part of the Polk County School District. It has Rockmart High School. Rockmart High School is the only high school in the city of Rockmart and serves the Aragon community as well; as of the 2011/12 school year, the school had an enrollment of 837 students and 50.10 classroom teachers, for a student-teacher ratio of 16.71.

In 1912, the Georgia Legislature created the public s

Kulsoom Abdullah

Kulsoom Abdullah is a Pakistani-American weightlifter who became the first female weightlifter representing Pakistan when she competed at the 2011 World Championships. The same year she made history when, in keeping with her religious views, she became the first woman to compete covered after the International Weightlifting Federation modified its rules to accommodate her request to do so. Kulsoom Abdullah was born in Kansas City and grew up in Okeechobee, Florida, she visited Pakistan while growing up and speaks Pashto. She has a Master's degree and PhD in electrical and computer engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology, she began weightlifting. After being denied the right to compete in an IWF competition in modest clothing, USA Weightlifting CEO, John Duff, helped to persuade the IWF to allow Abdullah to participate by modifying their regulations to allow her to compete with her head and legs covered. In a 2011 article, Abdullah stated, "in a contemplative world, we would think about how to come up with attire that would bring out the best in all competitors, regardless what their religious or personal level of modesty is.

This is not a beauty contest, not a religious litmus test." International rules required the arms and legs of competitors to be bare so that judges could determine when a lift was successful. Abdullah was featured in the documentary The Pakistan Four: Four strangers in America redefining the narrative of being a Pakistani Muslim woman, released in 2014; the film features Hareem Ahmad, saber fencer, Nadia Manzoor, stand-up comic, chef Fatima Ali. Muslim women in sport

Eagleheart (TV series)

Eagleheart is an action-comedy television series that aired on the American programming block Adult Swim. Eagleheart was produced by Conan O'Brien's production company and stars Chris Elliott as Chris Monsanto; the series aired from 2011 to 2014. Eagleheart follows US Marshal Chris Monsanto as he fights crime with his two partners: the slow-witted Brett and by-the-book Susie, they take on drug smugglers, art thieves and con artists with bloody violence and gruesome deaths ensuing. The Marshals report to The Chief. There is little continuity between episodes in the first two seasons; the third season features an extended season-long storyline entitled Paradise Rising. Eagleheart parodies many cop shows, most notably Texas Ranger, it portrays a great deal of graphic violence. Season three's linked story arc is called "Paradise Rising." Media related to Eagleheart at Wikimedia Commons Official website Eagleheart on IMDb Eagleheart at