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Chen Chin-ting

Chen Chin-ting is a Taiwanese politician who served in the Legislative Yuan from 1999 to 2008. Chen has attended the Army Transportation School, National Chengchi University, National Chung Hsing University, he completed a bachelor's degree in business administration from Pacific Western University in the United States. In his early political career, Chen served as an aid to Li Yuan-tsu, he was first elected to the Legislative Yuan in 1998 and reelected in 2001. Despite his Kuomintang membership, Chen was active in the Alliance for Independent Lawmakers, he was named a member of a new legislative coalition in 2001. However, group leader Lo Fu-chu postponed its formation in July. In June 2002, Chen defied the Kuomintang caucus by submitting his vote on a group of government appointees. For ignoring the Pan-Blue Coalition's attempt to boycott the proceedings, Chen was expelled from the KMT. In the 2004 legislative elections, Chen ran under the Non-Partisan Solidarity Union, winning a third term, he finished second to Chen Hsiu-ching.

By 2011, Chen had joined the Democratic Progressive Party and registered for the 2012 legislative elections. He did not win a seat, but the next year he was considered a potential DPP candidate for the Changhua County magistracy, a post won by fellow DPP member Wei Ming-ku. Chen was subsequently named the DPP director for Changhua County. Chen believes the Republic of China and Taiwan to be equivalent entities


GeoSciML or Geoscience Markup Language is a GML Application Schema that can be used to transfer information about geology, with an emphasis on the "interpreted geology", conventionally portrayed on geologic maps. Its feature-type catalogue includes Geologic Unit, Mapped Feature, Earth Material, Geologic Structure, specializations of these, as well as Borehole and other observational artefacts, it was created by, is governed by, the Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information to support interoperability of information served from Geologic Surveys and other data custodians. It will be used in the OneGeology project, an effort to create a geological map of the entire Earth, served live by merging data from many national geological surveys; the GeoSciML project was initiated in 2003, under the auspices of the Commission for Geoscience Information working group on Data Model Collaboration. The project is part of. GeoSciML is intended for use by data portals publishing data for customers in GeoSciML, for interchanging data between organisations that use different database implementations and software/systems environments, in particular, for use in geoscience web services.

In this way, GeoSciML allows applications to utilize globally distributed geoscience data and information. Version 3.1 was released in December, 2012. In January, 2013 a Standards Working Group was initiated in the Open Geospatial Consortium to develop a version 4 release as an OGC modular specification; this release will include simple feature'portrayal' schemes to support interoperable view services. Links to documentation, XML schema and other resources are available at the GeoSciML resource repository. Systems Geology OneGeology Geoscience Markup Language - from IUGS Commission for Geoscience Information XML schemas and documentation from the official release server. Geologic Time Scale - model and schema as described in a paper published in Geosphere Developing the GeoSciML interoperability standard, Geoscience Australia and CSIRO, November 2007, GeoSciML- A GML Application for Geoscience Information Interchange, USGS OFR 2007-1285, GeoSciML Version 3 Release announcement, American Geophysical Union, 2011

Acton Smee Ayrton

Acton Smee Ayrton was a British barrister and Liberal Party politician. Considered a radical and champion of the working classes, he served as First Commissioner of Works under William Ewart Gladstone between 1869 and 1873, he is best remembered for the "Ayrton controversy" over scientific facilities at Kew Gardens. Ayrton was the uncle of the physicist and electrical engineer William Edward Ayrton. Ayrton practised as a solicitor in Bombay, British India, was called to the Bar, Middle Temple, in 1853. In 1857 he was elected Member of Parliament for Tower Hamlets, a seat he held until 1874, he held office in William Ewart Gladstone's first administration as Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1868 to 1869 and as First Commissioner of Works from 1869 to 1873 and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1869. Ayrton is best remembered for the so-called "Ayrton controversy". In an attempt, in the early 1870s, to reduce Government spending, Ayrton encouraged a proposal that the costly scientific functions of Kew Gardens should be transferred and that the gardens should be retained purely as a public park.

This prompted a confrontation with Joseph Dalton Hooker, who enlisted the support of Charles Darwin and Charles Lyell, amongst other scientific luminaries. After debates in both Houses of Parliament, Ayrton was transferred to the post of Judge Advocate General and the proposal failed. Ayrton remained as Judge Advocate General until the Gladstone government fell in February 1874, he lost his seat in parliament in the general election of that year and never returned to the House of Commons. In the Palace of Westminster the lantern at the top of the Elizabeth Tower is called the Ayrton Light, lit when either House of Parliament is sitting after dark, it was installed in 1885 at the request of Queen Victoria so that she could see from Buckingham Palace when the members were sitting and named after Ayrton. For the last few years of his life he was a daily frequenter of the Reform Club, he died at the Mount Dore Hotel, Bournemouth, on 30 November 1886. He is buried in London. Caricatures of Acton Smee Ayrton at the National Portrait Gallery Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Courtney, William Prideaux.

"Ayrton, Acton Smee". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co

Erythranthe pilosus

Mimetanthe pilosa is a species of monkeyflower known by the common names false monkeyflower and downy mimetanthe. It is native to the western United States and Baja California, where it grows in moist and disturbed habitat types; this plant is different enough from other monkeyflowers that it is treated in its own monotypic genus, Mimetanthe or retained in Mimulus. It was known as Mimulus pilosus; this is an annual herb growing to a maximum height of about 35 centimeters. It is coated densely in long hairs; the oppositely arranged, narrow or wide lance-shaped leaves 1 to 3 centimeters long. The tubular base of the flower is encapsulated in a calyx of sepals; the yellow flower corolla is under a centimeter long, divided into five rounded lobes at the mouth, dotted with red in the throat. Jepson Manual Treatment of Mimetanthe pilosus USDA Plants Profile for Mimulus pilosus Mimulus pilosus — UC Photos gallery

Kalugasalamoorthy temple

Kalugasalamoorthy Temple in Kalugumalai, a panchayat town in Thoothukudi district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Murugan. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is believed to have been expanded during the 18th century with the images excavated from Kalugumalai; the core temple has a rock-cut architecture exemplary of early Pandyan Art. The other portions of Kalugumalai houses the 8th century Kalugumalai Jain Beds and Vettuvan Koil, an unfinished Shiva temple; the temple has a gateway leading to the sanctum. The temple is open from 5:30 am – 12:30 pm and 4:30 - 9 pm. Four daily rituals and many yearly festivals are held at the temple, of which the ten-day Vaikasi Visagam, 13-day Kanthasasti festival, ten-day Thaipoosam festival and the 13-day Panguni Uthiram festival being the most prominent; the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu. As per Hindu legend, the temple is associated with the period of Ramayana.

Ravana, the demon king, while abducting Sita, the consort of Rama, killed Jatayu, the eagle. Rama did the final rites for Jatayu. Jatayu's brother Sambathi, called Kazhugumahamunivar, was worried about the repercussions of him not doing his karma, the final rites of his brother. Rama advised him to do his penance at Gajamukaparvatham and taking holy dip in the tank. Ages passed by and the time arrived when Muruga was pursuing to slay Surapadman, another demon. Tharukasuran, the brother of Surapadman, was troubling the sages in the region. Murugan was resting at Kazhugumalai. Sambathi was assisting Murugan and he indicated the hideout of Surapadman, whom Murugan slayed subsequently. Pleased with his devotion, Murugan gave salvation; the place came to be known as Kazhugumalai since the sage Kazhugumahamunivar resided here. The temple is located in a rockyhill in Thoothukudi district in southern Tamil Nadu; the sanctum of the temple is approached through a pillared hall near the gateway. The temple tank is located outside the temple.

The sanctum is built in a rock-cut cave, which houses the image of Murugan in the form of Kazhugachalamurthi in seated posture. The sanctum faces West and the image of the presiding deity is 4 ft tall; the image is sported with six hands with one of them holding Vel, his left leg over the shoulder of the peacock and right is left hanging. There are separate shrines of his consorts Valli facing Deivanai facing North. There is a separate shrine for Shiva and Parvathi and all the Parsvatah Devatas associated with Shiva temples. In Murugan temples, his vehicle peacock would be heading towards his right, but it is sported on to the left of Murugan in this temple, it is believed that the king of celestial deities, appeared as peacock to worship Murugan. The image of the peacock is hence covered during the festivals; the other portions of Kalugumalai houses the 8th century Kalugumalai Jain Beds and Vettuvan Koil, an unfinished Shiva temple. The images of the presiding deity was excavated from the Southwestern corner of Kalugumalai.

The images were installed and the leading pillared halls were constructed during the 18th century. The temple finds mention in a work by Kachiappar. Kachiappar mentions that there are only three sacred temples of Murugan where he faces the South and this is the only temple where he faces south and in seated posture; the temple was under the control of Ettaiyapuram Zamindar under 1954. The Raja gifted the village to the temple and formed five streets around the temple to enable the temple car to pass easily, he allocated a middle street for the temple priests. During the Panguni Uthiram festival procession, the elongated conflict between two castes in the region, namely and Maravars resulted in a riots, popularly called Kalugumalai riots of 1895. A total of ten people were killed, many injured and the temple car and other property in the region were destroyed. In modern times, the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu; the temple priests perform the pooja on a daily basis.

There are weekly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple. The temple is open from 5:30 am – 12:30 pm and 6 - 9 pm on all days except during festive occasions when it has extended timings; the major festivals of the temple include the ten-day Vaikasi Visagam celebrated during the Tamil month of Vaikasi, 13 day Kanthasasti festival, Ten day Thaipoosam festival celebrated during the Tamil month of Thai and the 13 day Panguni Uthiram festival during Panguni. Kalugumalai was chosen in the plan to be included as a rural tourism site in Incredible India campaign by the Tourism Ministry of the Government of India; as a part of the campaign the ministry allocated ₹10 million to develop the infrastructure around the region in 2008. The tourist inflow to the town increased to 3,000 persons per month during 2009 from 400 per month during the previous years