Nucellar embryony is a form of seed reproduction that occurs in certain plant species, including many citrus varieties. During the development of seeds in plants that possess this genetic Trait, the nucellar tissue which surrounds the megagametophyte can produce additional embryos, which are genetically identical to the parent plant; these nucellar seedlings are clones of the parent. By contrast, zygotic seedlings inherit genetic material from both parents. Zygotic and nucellar embryos can occur in the same seed, a zygotic embryo can divide to produce multiple embryos. Nucellar embryony is important to the citrus industry, as it allows for the production of uniform rootstock which yields consistent results in fruit production. However, this trait can interfere with progress in cross-breeding. Apomixis Roose, Mikeal L. "Molecular Genetic Analysis of Nucellar Embryony in Citrus". Citrus Research Board 2000 Annual Report. Retrieved 2006-10-26. Kepiro, Joseph L.. "Molecular Genetic Analysis of Nucellar Embryony in Citrus Maximus x Poncirus Trifoliata Using AFLP".
Plant & Animal Genomes XI Conference. January 11–15, 2003, Town & Country Convention Center, San Diego, CA. Retrieved 2006-10-26
National University (Philippines)
National University is a non–sectarian coeducational institution in Sampaloc, Philippines. The founder of the University, Don Mariano Fortunato Jhocson established the institution in August 1, 1900 as Colegio Filipino in Quiapo, Manila, it is considered as the first private nonsectarian and coeducational institution in the Philippines and the first university to use English as its medium of instruction, replacing Spanish language. Since its foundation in 1900 it has produced two Philippine Presidents, one National Artist of the Philippines, politicians, business tycoons, architects, health professionals, educators, TV personalities, athletes. Approved by the Department of Public Instruction in June 17, 1921, the University received its university status, changing the name from National Academy to National University. Senator Camilo Osias, a two-time Senate President of the Philippines, served as the first president of the University. In 1915, with the collaboration with Lacson brothers, Don Mariano established the Philippine Law School in Intramuros, Manila.
It served as the college of law of the University. It produced Carlos P. Garcia. Another Philippine President, Diosdado Macapagal studied in the institution. NU is one of the pioneer members of National Collegiate Athletic Association- Philippines and the University Athletic Association of the Philippines, it is a pioneer member of the Philippine Association of Universities. Its international affiliations and memberships include the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning and the International Association of Universities. 23-year-old Don Mariano Fortunato Jhocson, founded Colegio Filipino in August 1, 1900, in Quiapo, Manila. Only a handful of students at that time were enrolled in the fledgling school and they were in the elementary and secondary levels. Don Mariano served as the director and janitor, he began Business courses in accounting. This prompted a name change as it became known as Colegio Mercantil, awarding the diploma of Perito Mercantil. A short time Don Mariano collaborated with the Lacson Brothers and established the Philippine Law School in 1915.
This served as the College of Law of the institution. The Philippine Law School produced one Philippine president, Carlos P. Garcia and five bar topnotchers including Atty. Anacleto Mañgaser with a grade of 95.85%, the third highest grade recorded in the Philippine Bar Examination. Another Philippine president, Diosdado Macapagal studied at the institution but he on transferred. From Colegio Mercantil, the Board of Trustees changed the name of the institution to National Academy in 1916. Due to continuous growth of the Academy, liberal arts courses were offered. After 21 years of service in the field of education, the Board of Trustees applied for university status to the Department of Public Instruction, thus the school became known as National University on January 17, 1921. The university installed, on that same day, Senator Camilio Osias, a Filipino educators, as the first President of the university; the Colleges of Education and Commerce were opened in the same year. During the following years, the Colleges of Pharmacy and Dentistry were opened in 1922.
The College of Engineering offering Civil Engineering opened in 1925, the Normal School in 1930. Sanitary Engineering was offered in 1930. Bachelor's degrees in Chemical, Industrial, Mechanical Engineering and Architecture and Arts were opened. Master in Sanitary Engineering was organized. Computer Science was opened in 1990, Marine Engineering, Computer Engineering and Electronics and Communications Engineering in 1994. College of Nursing was offered in 2004, Hotel and Restaurant Management in 2008 and Information Technology in 2009. A fire broke out in January 1, 1998 and razed four buildings of the university which are the Main Building and Commerce Building, Elementary Building, Graduate School Building; the university was able to re-open its doors after three weeks of restoration work. In 2008, the SM Group of Companies acquired majority ownership of the National University; this paved way to the university's modernization efforts, which included the construction of a new campus building, one of the first school buildings in the City of Manila to have escalators.
The strong support from the SM Group upgraded the institution into a higher one with improved and modernized laboratories and infrastructures. Asia Pacific College will be the Future National University-Makati. A new logo of the National University was unveiled on October 17, 2017; the new brand features the school’s colors and a shield, inspired from the old university logo. The College of Dentistry Building is a neo-classical three-storey building located across the main campus building. Built in the 1920s, it is the only building in the NU campus that remained unscathed in the fire that hit much of the NU campus in 1998, it is the university's oldest surviving structure and is considered a heritage landmark in the campus. National University - Nazareth Kindergarten Grade School High School Senior High School NU offers twenty-four undergraduate degrees in its eight colleges, it offers basic education via the Nazareth School. National University and Nazareth School Merge in the year 2013 During the school year 2014-2015, NU had a student population of 7,755.
National University was one of the schools that founded the Philippine National Collegiate Athletic Association in 1924. It was one of the three schools that left the NCAA in 1932 and formed a new athletic association named the University Athletic Association of the Philippines in 1938. In the UAAP, NU has teams participati
Niue is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, 2,400 kilometres northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, west of the Cook Islands. Niue's land area is about 261 square kilometres and its population, predominantly Polynesian, was about 1,600 in 2016; the island is referred to as "The Rock", which comes from the traditional name "Rock of Polynesia". Niue is one of the world's largest coral islands; the terrain of the island has two noticeable levels. The higher level is made up of a limestone cliff running along the coast, with a plateau in the centre of the island reaching 60 metres high above sea level; the lower level is a coastal terrace 0.5 km wide and about 25–27 metres high, which slopes down and meets the sea in small cliffs. A coral reef surrounds the island, with the only major break in the reef being in the central western coast, close to the capital, Alofi. A notable feature are the many limestone caves near the coast. Niue is a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand.
Niueans are citizens of New Zealand, Queen Elizabeth II is head of state in her capacity as Queen of New Zealand. Between 90% and 95% of Niuean people live in New Zealand, along with about 70% of the speakers of the Niuean language. Niue is a bilingual country, with 30% of the population speaking both Niuean and English, though the percentage of monolingual English-speaking people is only 11%, while 46% are monolingual Niuean speakers. Niue is not a member of the United Nations, but UN organisations have accepted its status as a freely-associated state as equivalent to independence for the purposes of international law; as such, Niue is a member of some UN specialised agencies, is invited, alongside the other non-UN member state, the Cook Islands, to attend United Nations conferences open to "all states". Niue has been a member of the Pacific Community since 1980. Niue is subdivided into 14 villages; each village has a village council. The villages are at the same time electoral districts. A small and democratic nation, Niueans hold legislative elections every 3 years.
The Niue Integrated Strategic Plan, adopted in 2003, is the national development plan, setting national priorities for development in areas such as financial sustainability. Since the late 20th century Niue has become a leader in green growth. In January 2004, Niue was hit by Cyclone Heta, which caused extensive damage to the island, including wiping out most of South Alofi; the disaster set the island back about two years from its planned timeline to implement the NISP, since national efforts concentrated on recovery. Polynesians from Samoa settled Niue around 900 AD. Further settlers arrived from Tonga in the 16th century; until the beginning of the 18th century, Niue appears to have had no national government or national leader. Around 1700 the concept and practice of kingship appears to have originated through contact with the Tongans who settled around the 1600s. A succession of patu-iki ruled. Tui-toga, who reigned from 1875 to 1887, was the first Christian king; the first Europeans to sight Niue sailed under Captain James Cook in 1774.
Cook made three attempts to land. He named the island "Savage Island" because, as legend has it, the natives who "greeted" him were painted in what appeared to be blood; the substance on their teeth was a native red fe'i banana. For the next couple of centuries, Niue was known as Savage Island until its original name, Niuē, which translates as "behold the coconut", regained use; the next notable European visitors represented the London Missionary Society. After many years of trying to land a European missionary, a Niuean named Nukai Peniamina went with his friend, Niumaga, to Samoa and trained as a pastor at the Malua Theological College. Peniamina returned in 1846 on the John Williams as a missionary with the help of Toimata Fakafitifonua, he was allowed to land in Uluvehi Mutalau after a number of attempts in other villages had failed. The chiefs of Mutalau village allowed him to land and assigned over 60 warriors to protect him day and night at the fort in Fupiu. In July 1849 Captain John Erskine visited the island in HMS Havannah.
Christianity was first taught to the Mutalau people. Other major villages opposed the introduction of Christianity and had sought to kill Peniamina; the people from the village of Hakupu, although the last village to receive Christianity and asked for a "word of God". In 1889 the chiefs and rulers of Niue, in a letter to Queen Victoria, asked her "to stretch out towards us your mighty hand, that Niue may hide herself in it and be safe". After expressing anxiety lest some other nation should take possession of the island, the letter continued: "We leave it with you to do as seems best to you. If you send the flag of Britain, well; the British did not take up the offer. In 1900 a petition by the Cook Islanders asking for annexation included Niue "if possible". In a document dated 19 October 1901, the "King" and Chiefs of Niue consented to "Queen Victoria taking
Northwest University (United States)
Northwest University is a private Christian liberal arts university in Kirkland, Washington. The university offers associate, master's, doctorate degrees through its College of Arts & Sciences, School of Business and Management, School of Education and Huldah Buntain School of Nursing, College of Ministry, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences; the university has a satellite campus in Oregon. Northwest was started as a Bible Institute by the Northwest Ministry Network of the Assemblies of God USA and is still operated under the control of the Alaska, Oregon, Southern Idaho, Wyoming districts of the Assemblies of God; the idea for starting a Bible institute in the Northwest started in 1928 at an annual meeting of the Northwest District Council of the Assemblies of God. J. S. Secrist, a council member had presented the idea, but it wasn’t until the annual meeting in 1933 that his idea was adopted by council members from all of the states in the District. Meanwhile, a small church in Seattle called the Hollywood Temple had invited a young man from Fargo, North Dakota to be the pastor of the small ministry.
Henry H. Ness moved his family to Seattle the same year. After only a few months, Ness had the impression from God. Ness had started the North Central Bible Institute, now North Central University, four years before moving to Seattle, he approached the Northwest District of the Assemblies of God about starting the institute and offered the Hollywood Temple as the campus. That year, Ness became the first president of Northwest Bible Institute and C. C. Beatty became the first instructor. Charles E. Butterfield, T. S. Sandall, both pastors from the Puget Sound area taught a couple times a week. Other staff and faculty included Ruth Morris, an English teacher, Delbert Cox, who taught music, Christiansen, who volunteered as the Dean of Students. In 1949, Ness resigned his position overnight due to the political stress that he was facing in the Seattle area. After 5 months of searching for a new president, Charles Butterfield was appointed to the position. Along with the change in leadership came a change in the name of the Northwest Bible Institute to Northwest Bible College.
In order to acquire accreditation, Butterfield required the faculty to have degrees or work to obtain them. He made changes in the structure of the academics and administration so that the new college ran more like an educational institution focused on preparing people for a wide variety of ministries and vocations. By 1952, the Accrediting Association of Bible Colleges gave full accreditation to Northwest Bible College, the United States Department of Education recognized them as a school of higher learning; the early 1950s came with some conflict with Hollywood Temple which had changed its name to Calvary Temple. Except for a few years around the time that Ness had resigned, the college had been expanding as had the church. With the acquisition of other buildings for dorms and the building of a new sanctuary for the church, the space was limited, they started a campus fund in 1952 with $112.41. In 1955, the city of Seattle proposed the new I-5 freeway that would cut through the middle of campus.
Butterfield knew. Through many travels and visitations, he came to an old military ship building facility and housing project on the east side of Lake Washington; as he prayed, he felt that God was promising this location as the future campus of Northwest Bible College. He was rejected. In 1958, the Department of Health and Welfare awarded Northwest Bible College twenty-two and one-thirds acres at no cost; the college purchased an additional 12 acres for 30,000 dollars. That summer, construction finished with 4 buildings designed by Butterfield's son, Robert. H. J. Secrist, son of J. S. Secrist, volunteered as the construction manager with all other laborers volunteering their time as well. Classes began on September 28, 1959 and within a few years the campus had expanded to women and men’s dormitories, a cafeteria, a student center, a gymnasium. At the end of the 1966 school year, D. V. Hurst became the third president of Northwest College. Hurst improved the existing networks established by the Assemblies of God in the Northwest.
He began holding info sessions for each district, allowing juniors and seniors to ask questions and meet with their district leaders. He was the first to produce a hard copy of the policies and procedures of the college in a manual he gave to the faculty. 1984 marked the 50 year anniversary of Northwest. To commemorate the event, the Lay Council presented the school with a 5,000 lb Ebenezer Stone of Remembrance as a visible sign of thanks to God for the last 50 years, they presented it on May 27, 1984, the same day that 173 graduates received their degrees bringing the total number of graduates to 3,460. Don Argue, the president of North Central Bible College was the speaker for graduation. Northwest College extended a 20-year lease to the Seattle Seahawks team in 1984 on a 12-acre plot of undeveloped land on the west side of campus; the Seahawks signed the lease and built 3 fields, a bubble to house the artificial turf field, a 36,000-square-foot office complex. The Seahawks remained at the facilities until 2008 when they moved to a larger facility in Renton, Washington.
After 25 years as the president of Northwest College, Hurst decided to retire in the summer of 1990. The school had seen physical development, spiritual direction, academic advance under his guidance and leadership; the board of directors unanimously elec
Nahdlatul Ulama is a traditionalist Sunni Islam movement in Indonesia following the Shafi'i school of jurisprudence. NU was established on January 31, 1926 in Surabaya as a response to the rise of Wahabism in Saudi Arabia and Islamic modernism in Indonesia; the NU is the largest independent Islamic organization in the world with membership estimates ranging from 40 million to over 90 million. NU is a charitable body funding schools and hospitals as well as organizing communities to help alleviate poverty; some leaders of Nahdlatul Ulama are ardent advocates of Islam Nusantara, a distinctive brand of Islam that has undergone interaction, contextualization, indigenization and vernacularization according to socio-cultural conditions in Indonesia. Islam Nusantara promotes moderation, anti-radicalism and tolerance. However, other NU members and religious scholars have rejected Islam Nusantara in favor of a more conservative approach. Nahdlatul Ulama follows the ideology of Ahl as-Sunna Wa al-Jama'ah, taking the middle path between extreme aqli and extreme naqli tendencies.
The organization identifies the Quran, the Sunnah, the ability of the mind coupled with empirical reality as the sources of its thought. It attributes this approach to earlier thinkers, such as Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari and Abu Mansur Al-Maturidi in the field of theology. In the field of jurisprudence, it recognizes the Hanafi, Shafi'i, Hanbali schools of law, but relies in practice on Shafi'i teachings. In matters of Sufism, NU follows the path of Junaid al-Baghdadi, it has been described by western media as a progressive and pluralistic Islamic movement, but is a diverse organization with large conservative factions as well. NU was established in 1926 as an organization for orthodox Muslims opposed to the modernist policies of the Muhammadiyah organization, which rejected pre-Islamic Javanese traditions; the organization was established after The Committee of Hijaz had fulfilled its duty and about to be dissolved. The organization was established by Hasjim Asjari, the head of an Islamic religious school in East Java.
The organization expanded. By 1928, the NU was using the Javanese language in its sermons, alongside Arabic. In 1937, despite poor relations between the NU and Muhammidayah, the two organizations established the Supreme Islamic Council of Indonesia as a discussion forum, they were joined by most of the other Islamic organizations in existence at the time. In 1942, the Japanese occupied Indonesia and in September a conference of Islamic leaders was held in Jakarta; the Japanese wanted to replace the MIAI, but the conference not only decided to maintain the organization, but elected political figures belonging to the PSII to the leadership, rather than members of the non-political NU or Muhammadiyah as the occupiers had wanted. Just over a year the MIAI was dissolved and replaced by the Japanese-sponsored Masyumi. Hasjim Asjari was the notional chairman, but in practice the new organization was led by his son, Wahid Hasyim. Other NU and Muhammadiyah figures held leadership positions. In 1945, Sukarno and Hatta declared Indonesian independence.
During the Indonesian war of independence, the NU declared that the fight against the Dutch colonial forces was a holy war, obligatory for all Muslims. Among the guerrilla groups fighting for independence were Hizbullah and Sabillilah, which were led by the NU. Following the recognition of Indonesian independence, a new party called Masyumi was established with the NU as a component of it; the NU leadership at the time had no political skills, was awarded few influential cabinet positions, with the exception of chairman Wahid Hasyim, appointed religious affairs minister. The NU was unhappy with its lack of influence within Masyumi after a decision at the 1949 party conference changed the party's religious council, on which the NU held several positions, into a powerless advisory body. Two years a dispute over the organization of the Haj pilgrimage led to Prime Minister Natsir's opposition to the reappointment of Hasyim as religious affairs minister in the next cabinet. In the ensuing cabinet crisis, the NU made a series of demands, including the retention of Hasyim, threatened to leave Masyumi.
On 5 April 1952, a few days after the announcement of a new cabinet without Hasyim, the NU decided in principle to leave Masyumi. Three months it withdrew all its members from Masyumi councils, on 30 August it established the Indonesian League of Muslims, comprising the NU, PSSI and a number of smaller organizations, it was chaired by Hasyim. During the liberal democracy era, NU members served in a number of cabinet posts. In the first Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet, the NU held three seats, with Zainul Arifin appointed second deputy prime minister. However, following the fall of this cabinet, some NU members were opposed to the NU joining the new cabinet, to be formed by Burhanuddin Harahap Cabinet, believing that if he was unable to form a cabinet, the NU would be invited to try, it was pressured into participating, was awarded the interior and religious affairs portfolios in the cabinet, sworn in on 12 August 1955. On 29 September 1955, Indonesia held its first parliamentary elections; the NU came in third, with 7 million votes, 18.4% of the total, behind the Indonesian National Party and Masyumi.
It was awarded 45 seats in the People's Representative Council, up from only eight before the election. The NU was the largest party in its East Java base
Nu, feminine Naunet, is the deification of the primordial watery abyss in the Hermopolitan Ogdoad cosmogony of ancient Egyptian religion. The name is paralleled with nen "inactivity" in a play of words in, "I raised them up from out of the watery mass, out of inactivity "; the name has been compared to the Coptic noun "abyss. Nut is the name of the sky goddess of the Ennead of Heliopolis; the Ancient Egyptians envisaged the oceanic abyss of the Nun as surrounding a bubble in which the sphere of life is encapsulated, representing the deepest mystery of their cosmogony. In Ancient Egyptian creation accounts the original mound of land comes forth from the waters of the Nun; the Nun is the source of all that appears in a differentiated world, encompassing all aspects of divine and earthly existence. In the Ennead cosmogony Nun is perceived as transcendent at the point of creation alongside Atum the creator god. Beginning with the Middle Kingdom Nun is described as "the Father of the Gods" and he is depicted on temple walls throughout the rest of Ancient Egyptian religious history.
The Ogdoad includes along with Naunet and Nun and Amun, Hauhet and Heh and Kek. Like the other Ogdoad deities, Nu did not have any center of worship. So, Nu was sometimes represented by a sacred lake, or, as at Abydos, by an underground stream. In the 12th Hour of the Book of Gates Nu is depicted with upraised arms holding a "solar bark"; the boat is occupied by eight deities, with the scarab deity Khepri standing in the middle surrounded by the seven other deities. During the late period when Egypt became occupied, the negative aspect of the Nun became the dominant perception, reflecting the forces of disorder that were set loose in the country. Abzu Benben stone Noah Manu Tehom E. A. Wallis Budge, The Gods of the Egyptians: Or, Studies in Egyptian Mythology, vol. 1, 283f